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Environmental Sciences
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This special issue of Environmental Sciences contains a selection of papers that were presented during the Fourth International Conference on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Science. terpenes and isoprenes. This means that it was ratified by at least 55 countries. It constituted an excellent platform for discussions on the state of the art in science.Environmental Sciences June-September 2005. the Netherlands.) The conference was the fourth in a series of international conferences on non-CO2 greenhouse gases organized by the Netherlands’ Association of Environmental Professionals (VVM). (See also: www. Control. The Clean Air section of the Netherlands’ Association of Environmental Professionals (VVM-CLAN) is proud that over 200 contributions were submitted from almost 40 countries. After Russia’s ratification in November 2004. Since ratification of the Kyoto Protocol the interest in NCGGs has increased substantially. Nobel Laureate in atmospheric chemistry. control. Together they contribute to at least half of the extra global warming on earth.ncgg4. 2(2-3): 61 – 63 Preface Downloaded by [Arif Setya] at 06:43 27 January 2015 ´ VAN AMSTEL ANDRE This is a special issue about emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC. ISSN 1569-3430 print/ISSN 1744-4225 online Ó 2005 Taylor & Francis DOI: 10. Working Group 3 on Mitigation of Climate Change. Policy and Implementation (NCGG4). These gases are methane. Therefore. hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons. Cooling effects have been observed from aerosols in the atmosphere. industry and agriculture. Secondary greenhouse gases can be formed in the atmosphere from primary greenhouse gases. under the joint chairmanship of Bert Metz. To reduce the risk of global warming. and at the same time by nations accounting for at least 55% of emissions. nitrous oxide. which shows that the interest in this research area is still growing. The conference took place from 4 – 6 July 2005 in Utrecht. Different sectors in the economy are responsible for these emissions. NCGG-4 could not have been more timely. policy and implementation of measures for the reduction of these emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. Countries all adopted specific reduction targets. and Paul Crutzen.1080/15693430500395354 . Books with the Proceedings of these former meetings can still be ordered from Kluwer and Millpress. All these substances have to be taken into account for a complete geographic picture (in space and time) of warming and cooling in the atmosphere. carbon monoxide. in 1999 in Noordwijkerhout and in 2002 again in Maastricht. emissions can be mitigated through policy measures and voluntary actions by individuals. sulfur hexafluoride. Previous conferences were held in 1993 in Maastricht. the Kyoto Protocol has come into force on 16 February 2005. The implementation of these measures is crucial to reach the targets as agreed in the Kyoto Protocol. The most important secondary greenhouse gases are ozone. Implementation was one of the central issues in a conference in Utrecht in the Netherlands.

co-ordinator Andre´ van Amstel. Wageningen University. The selection of the topics reflects primarily the scientific character of the conference. Peoples Republic of China John Gale. UK Bert Metz. Agrometeorology Institute. The Netherlands . the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project of IGBP. The relevance of scientific progress and exchange in this area was recognized by various prominent sponsors. Max Planck Institute of Atmospheric Chemistry. USA Mack McFarland. Ecofys. some of which are included in the present special issue. editor Erik ter Avest. most authors. the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. and the United States Environmental Protection Agency supported the Symposium. The Chairs of each session produced a written statement for the conference report. VVM-CLAN Joop van Ham. followed by several presentations. van Amstel The programme consisted of plenary opening and closing sessions. twelve thematic sessions and a poster session. Technical Support Unit IPCC WG III. however. IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme. the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation. Each thematic session was introduced by a keynote speaker. La Jolla. Joint Research Centre. show a keen interest in the needs of policymakers and the technical implementation of mitigation measures. Spatial Planning and Environment in The Netherlands. Dupont Fluoroproducts. The quality of this fourth Symposium has been enhanced by a number of invited review papers. RIVM. Germany Sander Houweling. financially and in kind. USA Lin Erda. Technical Support Unit IPCC WG I. UK Jochen Harnish. Scripps Institution for Oceanography. Netherlands’ Ministry of Environment We thank the Scientific Committee for excellent work in assisting the organizing committee: Kornelis Blok. The Ministry of Housing. the European Commission. The Netherlands Dina Kruger. RIVM Bilthoven. Utrecht University.Downloaded by [Arif Setya] at 06:43 27 January 2015 62 A. United States of America Adrian Leip. The co-operation with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The Organizing Committee consisted of: Han van Dop. many of these given by renowned speakers. SenterNovem Fons Baede. Utrecht University. Germany Martin Manning. VVM-CLAN Ronald Flipphi. The VVM wishes to thank all persons who helped to make this conference such a success. the Australian Greenhouse Office of the Australian Government Department of Environment and Heritage. Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht University David de Jager. Italy Jos Lelieveld. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. Ispra. US Environmental Protection Agency. and the European Federation of Clean Air and Environmental Protection Associations further contributed to the prominence of this series of symposia. The Netherlands Paul Crutzen.

Yara International ASA. FAO. University of Florida. Norway Henk van der Ree. Rome.Preface Arvin Mosier. Australia Downloaded by [Arif Setya] at 06:43 27 January 2015 The Guest Editors for Environmental Sciences: Andre´ van Amstel and Tinus Pulles 3 October 2005 63 . USA Javier Pe´rez Ramirez. Astralian Greenhouse Office. The Netherlands Mauricio Rosales. Italy David Ugalde. Technical University Delft.