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International Business I INDI A .

Government c.International Business Table of contents 1.Geography and location b.Country profile of India a.economic and demographics INDI A . Socio.

and the Brahmaputra—are extensive deltas and all rise in the Himalayas. Nepal and Bhutan on the north. the Republic of India occupies most of the subcontinent of India in southern Asia.International Business INDI A Country Profile: INDIA The world's largest democracy and second most populous country emerged as a major power in the 1990s. which contains some of the highest mountains in the world. It is militarily strong. has major cultural influence and a fast-growing and powerful economy. It borders on in the northeast. and Burma and Bangladesh on the east. the Indus. Other neighbors are Pakistan on the west. The country can be divided into three distinct geographic regions: the Himalayan region in the north. the Gangetic Plain. Its three great river systems— the Ganges. . and the plateau region in the south and central part. One-third the area of the United States.

576 New Delhi .104.691.344.International Business INDI A Major Cities City Population Bangalore 5.986 Mumbai 12.927.047 Delhi 10.836 Region : ASIA Population : Capital : 1.236.

it carried out tests in the 1970s and again in the 1990s in defiance of world opinion. economic and environmental problems. Marathi. However. Hindi. Socio – Economic And Demographics . Sanskrit 1 Indian rupee (Rs) = 100 paise A nuclear-armed state. Sindhi. The vast and diverse Indian sub-continent . Urdu. Punjabi.from the mountainous Afghan frontier to the jungles of Burma was under foreign rule from the early 1800s until the demise of the British Raj in 1947. Gujarati. Bengali. Kannada. Tamil. Oriya.International Business Climate : Languages : Currency : INDI A Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north. Kashmiri. Malayalam. English. Assamese. India is still tackling huge social. Telugu.

and Negroid find representation among the people of India. followed by Christians. Buddhists. Muslims came second at 13. Population Growth Rate: The average annual exponential growth rate stands at 1.1 years (Females) in the period 2006-2011. Mongoloid. as on 1 March 2011 stood (623.7 million males and 586. Birth Rate: 2009.International Business INDI A Population: India's population. The Crude Birth rate was 18. Religions: According to the 2001 census. out of the total population of 1.028 million in the Country.3 in The Crude Death rate was 7.64 per cent during 2001-2011. Sex Ratio: according to 2011 census Nationality: 940 females per 1000 males Indian Ethnic Groups: All the five major racial types .4 million females). 68. Article 343(3) empowered Parliament to provide by law for continued use of English for official purposes. and others. of which Hindi is an Official Language. Europoid. Hindus constituted the majority with 80. Languages: There are 22 different languages that have been recognized by the Constitution of India.4%. Death Rate: 2009.Australoid.5%. Jains. . Caucasian.8 years (Males). Sikhs.3 in Life Expectancy Rate: 65.

.46% for females.04 per cent. Bharat Ganrajya Government Type Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. Independence 15th August 1947 (From the British Colonial Rule) Constitution The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950. GOVERNMENT Country Name Republic of India. Capital New Delhi Administrative Divisions 29 States and 7 Union Territories. 82.14% for males and 65. the literacy rate in the Country stands at 74.International Business INDI A Literacy: According to the provisional results of the 2011 census.

white in the middle. The Indian Legislature comprises of the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and theRajya Legislative Branch Sabha (Council of States) forming both the Houses of the Parliament.International Business INDI A Legal System The Constitution of India is the fountain source of the legal system in the Country. Flag Description The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top. Judicial Branch The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system. Executive Branch The President of India is the Head of the State. Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday) . National Days 26th January (Republic Day) 15th August (Independence Day) 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti. and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers who form the Cabinet Ministry. while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government. At the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel. and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. which is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath. followed by other High Courts and subordinate Courts.

Jawaharlal Nehru. India is highly diverse. communal. However. caste and regional tensions continue to haunt Indian politics. sometimes threatening its long-standing democratic and secular culture. In 1984 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down by her Sikh bodyguards after ordering troops to flush out Sikh militants from the Golden Temple in Amritsar. whereby power is shared between the central government and 28 states. encouraging economic reform and foreign investment.International Business INDI A Communal strife With its many languages. widespread Hindu-Muslim violence erupted after Hindu extremists demolished the Babri mosque at Ayodhya. From the late 1980s India began to open up to the outside world. dreamed of a socialist society and created a vast public infrastructure. cultures and religions. And in 1992. Economic progress Independent India's first prime minister. much of which became a burden on the state. It is now . This is also reflected in its federal political system.

skilled workforce makes it a popular choice for international companies seeking to outsource work. the products of which are among the most widely-watched films in the world.such as education and work. Discrimination on the basis of caste is now illegal and various measures have been introduced to empower disadvantaged groups and give them easier access to opportunities . The country has a burgeoning urban middle class and has made great strides in fields such as information technology. Their lives continue to be influenced by the ancient Hindu caste system. . The vast mass of the rural population remains impoverished. but more recently the two countries have improved their ties. It also boasts a massive cinema industry. Nuclear tests carried out by India in May 1998 and similar tests by Pakistan just weeks later provoked international condemnation and concern over the stability of the region. widely regarded as endemic and engulfing every level of politics and society. including its one-time foe China. which assigns each person a place in the social hierarchy. India launches its own satellites and in 2008 sent its first spacecraft to the moon. The US quickly imposed sanctions on India.International Business INDI A courted by the world's leading economic and political powers. and even agreed to share nuclear technology. Its large. But economic progress is hampered by corruption.