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Rodrigo C.

Awit II BSN IV-P

Evolution of Philippine Constitution

Malolos Convention
(1898)

Commonwealth
(1935)

Ferdinand Marcos Constitution
(1973)

Freedom Constitution
(1987)

 known as the Constitución Política
de Malolos and it was written in
Spanish
 Following the declaration of
independence from Spain on June
12, 1898 and transformation of the
dictatorial government to a
revolutionary government on 23
June
 convened in Barasoain Church in
Malolos (now Malolos City,
Bulacan)
 Pedro Paterno as president and
Gregorio Araneta as vice president
 opposed by Apolinario Mabini,
the Prime Minister of the
revolutionary government.
 ratified on November 29, 1898,
signed into law on December 23,
approved on January 20, 1899
 sanctioned by President Emilio
Aguinaldo on January 21, and
promulgated on January 22

 written with an eye to meeting the
approval of the United States
Government as well, so as to
ensure that the U.S. would live up
to its promise to grant the
Philippines independence and not
have a premise to hold onto its
“possession” on the grounds that it
was too politically immature and
hence unready for full, real
independence and shall be known
as the Republic of the Philippines..
 provided for unicameral National
Assembly and the President was
elected to a six-year term without
re-election.
 adopts the Regalian Doctrine or
the Principle of State ownership
for all its natural wealth and
provides for the proper utilization
of such wealth by its citizens
 ratified on 14 May 1935. amended
in 1940 and in 1947. This version

 On 24 August 1970, Congress
enacted RA No. 6132, otherwise
known as the Constitutional
Convention Act, for the purpose of
convening a Constitutional
Convention.
 While in the process of drafting a
new Constitution, President
Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial
Law on 21 September 1972.
 The draft constitution was
submitted to the Citizen's
Assemblies from January 10 to 17,
1973 for ratification. On 17 January
1973, President Marcos issued
Proclamation No. 1102,
announcing the ratification of the
Constitution of the Republic of the
Philippines.
 composed of a preamble and 17
articles, provides for the shift from
presidential to parliamentary
system of government

 following the People Power
Revolution which ousted
Ferdinand Marcos as president
 Corazon Aquino issued
Proclamation No. 3, declaring a
national policy to implement the
reforms mandated by the people,
protecting their basic rights,
adopting a provisional constitution,
and providing for an orderly
translation to a government under a
new constitution.
 Proclamation No. 9, creating a
Constitutional Commission
(popularly abbreviated "Con Com"
in the Philippines) to frame a new
constitution to replace the 1973
Constitution which took effect
during the Marcos martial law
regime
 appointed 50 members to the
Commission, including several
former congressmen, a former

implorando el auxilió del Soberano Legislador del Universo para alcanzar estos fines. promote the general welfare. convocados legítimamente para establecer la justicia. where "sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them". in order to establish a government that shall embody their ideals. and democracy. establishes the Philippines as a "democratic and republican State". He.S. proveer a la defensa común.  "Nosotros los Representantes del Pueblo Filipino. and secure to themselves and their posterity the blessings of independence under a regime of justice. modeled on the constitutions of France. Belgium. 1986 and presented the draft constitution to President Aquino on October 15.  constitution was further amended in 1980 and 1981. in turn.”  retains the independence of the Commission on Elections and establishes two independent constitutional bodies [Civil Service Commission and the Commission on Audit] as well as the National Economic Development Authority [NEDA]. the retirement age of the members of the Judiciary was extended to 70 years      Supreme Court Chief Justice (Roberto Concepcion). 1986 On February 11. and called for the creation of an Assembly of Representatives which would act as the legislative body. the continued retention of the Clark and Subic American military bases. anchored in democratic traditions that ultimately had their roots in American soil. decretado y sancionado la siguiente" incorporates all the amendments. the new constitution was proclaimed ratified and took effect.  was submitted to US President Franklin D. . Roosevelt on 18 March 1935.  It also calls for a Presidential form of government with the president elected for a term of four years by a majority of the Assembly  the authentic and official constitution of La Republica Filipina (Philippine Republic). separated the church from the state. and the integration of economic policies into the Constitution ConCom completed their task on October 12. liberty. imploring the aid of Divine Providence. conserve and develop the patrimony of the nation. the abolition of the death penalty. including on the form of government to adopt. do ordain and promulgate this constitution. In the 1980 amendment. Congress on 23 March 1935 and forwarded the same to the Governor General of the Philippine Islands for ratification of the Filipino people  “The Filipino people. and Latin American countries  states that the people have exclusive sovereignty  It states basic civil rights. certified that it conforms with Public Act No. hemos votado. 1987. 127 which was passed by the U. promover el bien general y asegurar los beneficios de la libertad. a Catholic bishop (Teodoro Bacani) and film director (Lino Brocka) finished the draft charter within four months after it was convened issues were heatedly debated during the sessions.