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SAMPLE PAPER-05 (solved

)
CHEMISTRY (Theory)
Class – XI
Answer

Time allowed: 3 hours

1.

Maximum Marks: 70

Total number of electrons in f subshell is 14 but half of them will have the same spin i.e. 7
electrons will have same spin.

2.

We have q = – w = pex (10 – 2) = 0(8) = 0
No work is done; no heat is absorbed.

3.

BeH2 is a linear molecule with H-Be-H bond angle as 180°. Although the Be-H bonds are
polar, the bond polarities cancel each other and the net dipole moment is zero.

4.
i)

C + H2O (steam)

CO + H2

ii)

CO + H2O (steam) + H2

CO2 + 2H2

5.

Mg, Al, Zn, Fe, Cu.

6.

The metals of groups 7, 8 and 9 do not form hydrides. This region of periodic table from
group 7 to 9 is referred to as hydride gap. Heavy water is used in the nuclear reactors to slow
down the speed of neutrons (as moderator).

7.

Carbon dioxide absorbs IR radiations from atmosphere which lead to global warming. So, if
carbon dioxide level increases beyond 0.03%, the natural greenhouse balance may get
disturbed. So it is considered as serious pollutant.

8.

As we go away from the nucleus, the effective nuclear charge pull goes on increasing. Hence
electrons present in 4p orbital experience the lowest effective nuclear charge.

9.

:
a)

CH3 − CH 2 − CH(CH 3 ) − C(CH3 )2 − CH(CH 3 ) − CH − CH 3

b)

CH3 − CH(CH3 ) − CH 2 − CH 2 − CH(CH3 ) − CH3
Or

a)

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Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

Hence. complete structural formula of the compound is (II). Beryllium sulphate is soluble in water and barium sulphate is insoluble in water. b) The word ‘pent’ indicates that parent hydrocarbon contains 5 carbon atoms in the chain. Thus. Sample Papers. But the rate of condensation will be low initially because there are fewer molecules per unit volume in the vapour phase and hence the no. Double bond is suffixed functional group whereas NO2 is prefixed functional group therefore double bond gets preference over –NO2 group: Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. its ion being larger in size is more stabilized by larger carbonate ion through the formation of stable lattice. b) Angular momentum of 3p and 4p orbitals will be same because l = 1 for p-orbital. 11. 13.b) 10. b) The rate of evaporation remains constant at constant temperature in a closed vessel. Thus. c) Six membered rings containing a carbon-carbon double bond is implied by cyclohexene. : a) The word ‘hexane’ indicates the presence of 6 carbon atoms in the chain. a) Initially the vapour pressure will decrease. The functional group chloro is present at carbon 2. of collisions per unit time with the liquid surface decreases. the structure is CH2=CHCH2CH (OH) CH3. The prefix 3-nitro means that a nitro group is present on C-3. which is numbered as shown in (I). a) Wavelength decreases with increase in velocity of moving particle. ‘en’ and ‘ol’ correspond to the functional groups C=C and -OH at carbon atoms 4 and 2 respectively.co. the structure of the compound is CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH (Cl)-CH3. Tips and Tricks . 12.com and http://onlineteachers. Test Papers. b) Barium carbonate is thermally most stable alkaline earth metal carbonate because. a) Barium and Beryllium sulphate can be distinguished by solubility test.in Portal for CBSE Notes.

OH is suffixed functional group and gets preference over C=C bond.147 J x 298 log 6. Tips and Tricks .6 x 105 = .5705.5705. That is the atoms or molecule do not move at all in the perfectly crystalline state. In case of NF3 orbital dipole due to lone pair is in opposite direction as resultant dipole due to three N-F bonds. Therefore lone pair moment adds on the resultant dipole of N-H bonds. Sample Papers.314 J K-1 mol-1 x 298 K log 6. ∆G 0 = −2. Test Papers.6 + log 105] = .8195 + 5.in Portal for CBSE Notes.co.33204. In case of NH3 orbital dipole due to lone pair is in same direction as resultant dipole due to three N-H bonds.8 x 5.303 x 8.303RT log K = -2.d) ‘1-ol’ means that a -OH group is present at C-1.205kJmol −1 Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. Therefore lone pair moment cancels the resultant dipole of N-F bonds. The entropy of all substances at absolute zero (0 K) is taken as zero because of complete order in the system.5705.8 [log 6.6 x 105 = .8 [0.0000] = .8195 J = .903 J ∆G 0 = −33.19.com and http://onlineteachers. 14. Thus the structure is as shown in (II): Or NH3 has a higher dipole moment than NF3.

19. 16. : i) 2 BF3 + 6 LiH → B2 H 6 + 6 LiF ii) B2 H 6 + 6 H 2O → 2 B (OH )3 + 6 H 2 iii) 2 NaH + B2 H 6 → 2 NaBH 4 iv) ∆ H 3 BO3  → HBO3 + H 2O v) Al + 3NaOH → Al (OH )3 + 3Na vi) Heat 3B2 H 6 + 6 NH 3  → 2 B3 N 3 H 6 + 12 H 2 Paper chromatography – it is a type of partition chromatography. b) Avogadro law – Equal volumes of all gases contain equal number of molecules at same conditions of temperature and pressure.co. H-I is best reductnt due to low bond dissociation energy. F2 is best oxidizing agent because it has highest standard reduction potential. : Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. high electron affinity and highest hydration energy of F. 18. The mixture of components is dissolved in suitable solvent.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Sample Papers. Test Papers. c) Charles Law – Pressure remaining constant. : a) Critical temperature – It is the temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied. a) Sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas will be formed which will catch fire 2 Na ( s) + 2 H 2O(l ) → 2 NaOH (aq ) + H 2 ( g ) b) Sodium peroxide is formed 2Na + O2 → Na2O2 c) Sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide are formed Na2O2 + 2 H 2O → 2 NaOH + H 2O2 17. It has low bond dissociation energy. 20. A special quality of paper known as chromatographic paper is used which traps water and act as a stationary phase. Tips and Tricks . the volume of a fixed mass of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature.ions. This solvent act as a mobile phase.15.com and http://onlineteachers. It is based on continuous differential partitioning of components of mixture between stationary and mobile phase.

nitrogen and CO2 present in the air as pollutants and has a pH of 4-5..i) Acid rain – It is a rain which contains water along with sulphuric acid. Test Papers. nitric acid and hydrochloric acid which are formed from the oxides of sulphur. Concept of Orbit is not in It is in accordance with the accordance with the wave wave nature of electrons nature of electrons 3 Orbits do not have All orbitals except s-orbitals directional characteristics ii) Uncertainty in speed ∆V = have directional characteristics 0. ii) Eutrophication – It refers to the ageing of the confined water bodies.03 m s-1 100 Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle ∆x x m∆V = h 4π Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. into the lake lead to the algae bloom that ultimately leads to the death of aquatic life. Excessive flow of fertilizers. 2 within of which the finding the electrons is maximum. i) Orbit 1 Orbital Orbit is a well-defined 2D Orbital is a 3D space around the circular path around the nucleus nucleus in which the probability electrons revolve.005 x 600 m/s = 0. Sample Papers. Tips and Tricks .com and http://onlineteachers. For example earlier chlorine gas was used for bleaching paper which is a highly toxic gas but it has now been replaced by hydrogen peroxide with a suitable catalyst. The dead matter sinks to the bottom of the lake making lake shallow and marshy. for example lakes. iii) Green Chemistry – The term green chemistry is used to refer the procedures of synthesis of chemical of our needs through a process that neither use nor emit toxic chemicals.co. pesticides etc. 21.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Normally it is a slow geological phenomenon but the process is accelerated due to the flow of excessive nutrients into the lake.

iii) Due to the smaller size and seven electrons in its outermost shell. a) 0. c) Life imprisonment for such crimes can be useful to prevent smuggling 24. the reaction equilibrium will shift in the backward direction. hence less energy will be released in case of F than Cl.co.93 x 10-3m : i) Anions are formed when a neutral atom gains one or more electrons.∆x = 22. b) There is no effect of catalyst in equilibrium composition. the stability of this configuration is more and ionization energy is higher than oxygen. ii) Due to the half-filled orbital nitrogen 1s2 2s2 2p3. incoming electrons experience less attraction in F. Or Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.03ms −1 7 = 1.in Portal for CBSE Notes. however the equilibrium will be attained faster. 6.626 x10−34 Js 22 4x x 9. Test Papers. Sample Papers.1 nm b) It is done to screen any undesirable or dangerous items carried by passengers. the effective nuclear charge decreases which results in decreases in ionic radii. 23. a) Species Conjugate Acid Conjugate Base H2O H3O+ OH − HCO3− H2CO3 CO3− HSO −4 H2SO4 SO 24− NH3 NH +4 NH −2 b) For the reaction: CH 4 (g) + H 2O (g) ⇌ CO (g) + 3H 2 (g) i) Kp = (pCO ) (p H2 )3 (p CH4 ) (p H 2O ) ii) a) On increasing pressure.11 x 10−31 kg x 0.com and http://onlineteachers. Since the number of electrons increases and the number of protons remains same. Tips and Tricks .

CH 3 .(aq)+8H + (aq) → 2Cr 3+ (aq)+3SO 2-4 (aq)+4H 2 O Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.(aq)+SO32.CH(CH3 ) .CH 2 .2.in Portal for CBSE Notes.co.CH 2 .a) NaCN .com and http://onlineteachers.3-Dimethylbutane Or a) b) Wacker’s method. and further the ionic charges are not equal on both the sides.3-Methylpentane CH3 .CH 3 PdCl 2 / air / Cu 2 Cl 2 CH 2 = CH 2  → CH 3 − CHO c) 26.n-hexane CH3 . add 8H+ on the left to make ionic charges equal Cr2 O 72.(aq) +6 -2 +4 -2 +3 +6 -2 Step 2: Assign oxidation numbers for Cr and S Cr 2 O 7 (aq)+ S O3 (aq) → Cr (aq)+ S O 4 (aq) Step 3: Calculate the increase and decrease of oxidation number.Its solution is acidic as it is salt of strong acid (HNO3) and weak base (NH4OH). count the hydrogen atoms. It gives 90% yield. Step 1: The skeletal ionic equation is: Cr2 O 72.CH(CH3 ) .(aq) → Cr 3+ (aq)+SO 42.CH 2 . NH4NO3.CH (CH 3 ).CH 3 .(aq)+8H + → 2Cr 3+ (aq)+3SO 42. In Wacker’s method. b) 25.CH 3 . Sample Papers.(aq)+3SO32. i. (HCN and HNO2 are weak acids and NaOH is strong base). NaNO2 – Solution are basic as they are salts of strong base and weak acid. Test Papers.CH 2 . Tips and Tricks .CH (CH3 ). Cr2 O 2-7 (aq)+3SO32. and add appropriate number of water molecules on the right to achieve balanced redox change. HgSO4 is unsafe for the environment. PdCl2 / air / Cu 2 Cl 2 R .2.2-Dimethylpentane CH3 .This solution is neutral as it salt of strong acid HBr and strong base KOH.CH 2 .(aq) Step 5: Finally. CH3 .2-Methylpentane CH3 . ii.CO . Eco-friendly and safest method.C (CH 3 ) 2 . KBr .CH = CH 2  → R . and make them +6 -2 +4 -2 +3 +6 -2 equal: Cr 2 O 7 (aq)+ 3SO3 (aq) → 2Cr (aq)+ 3SO 4 (aq) Step 4: As the reaction occurs in the acidic medium.CH 2 .CH 3 .CH 2 .CH3 .CH 2 .CH 2 .

PbO2 thus can act as an oxidant (oxidising agent) and. In PbO2. lead is present in +4 oxidation state.com and http://onlineteachers.Or Pb3O4 is actually a stoichiometric mixture of 2 mol of PbO and 1 mol of PbO2. whereas the stable oxidation state of lead in PbO is +2.co. However. Since PbO is a basic oxide. Test Papers. can oxidise Cl– ion of HCl into chlorine.in Portal for CBSE Notes. the acid-base reaction occurs between PbO and HNO3 as: 2PbO + 4HNO3 2Pb(NO3)2 + 2H2O It is the passive nature of PbO2 against HNO3 that makes the reaction different from the one that follows with HCl. therefore. it is unlikely that the reaction may occur between PbO2and HNO3. Sample Papers. Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. Tips and Tricks . the reaction Pb3O4 + 8HCl 3PbCl2 + Cl2 + 4H2O can be splitted into two reactions namely: 2PbO + 4HCl 2 PbCl2 + 2H2O (acid-base reaction) +4 –1 PbO2 + 4HCl +2 0 PbCl2 + Cl2 +2H2O (redox reaction) Since HNO3 itself is an oxidising agent therefore.