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)

Mathematics

Class – XI

ANSWERS

Section A

1.

2.

Solution:

1.

None of the factors are zero

2.

Factors must be of the form (a + ib); k (b + ia) where k is a real number

Solution

Length of arc = rθ

Hence length of arc==2units

3.

Solution

1 Full rotation is 2π radians

500 radians =

500

rotations

2π

500

= 79.57 rotations

2π

**79 full rotations and 0.57 of a rotation
**

0.5 < 0.57 < 0.75

The incomplete rotation is between

1

3

and of a rotation . Hence 500 radians is in third

2

4

**quadrant . So cos θ is negative
**

4.

Solution

Number of subsets

10

5.

Solution

3

6.

C0 +10 C1 +10 C2 +10 C3 +10 C4 +10 C5 +10 C6 +10 C7 +10 C8 +10 C9 +10 C10 = 210

C1 + 3 C2 + 3 C3 + = 23 − 1 = 7

Solution

1.

**Each card can be drawn in 52 ways and so the total number of ways =
**

52 × 52 × 52 = 523

**Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers.co.in
**

Portal for CBSE Notes, Test Papers, Sample Papers, Tips and Tricks

6− 2 4 Solution sin3θ cos 3θ sin 3θ cos θ − cos 3θ sin θ − = sin θ cos θ sin θ cos θ sin(3θ − θ ) = sin θ cos θ 2sin 2θ = 2sin θ cos θ 2sin 2θ = =2 sin 2θ 9. the second by 51 ways and the third by 50 ways.2. Solution x 2 + 4(mx + 1) 2 = 1 x 2 + 4(m 2 x 2 + 2mx + 1) = 1 x 2 + 4m 2 x 2 + 8mx + 4 = 1 x 2 (1 + 4m 2 ) + 8mx + 3 = 0 Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. Hence the total number of ways is 52 × 51× 50 = 132600 Section B 7. Solution sin(45 + 30) = sin 45cos 30 + cos 45sin 30 = 1 3 1 1 × + × 2 2 2 2 = 3 +1 2 2 = 6+ 2 4 cos(45 + 30) = cos 45cos 30 − sin 45sin 30 = 1 3 1 1 × − × 2 2 2 2 = 3 −1 2 2 = 8. If there is no replacement the first card can be drawn in 52 ways. Sample Papers.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Tips and Tricks .co. Test Papers.com and http://onlineteachers.

cos α = 11. Solution Divide the equation by − 32 + −42 = −5 3 4 Hence. Solution a 4 + 2) x − ax + 4 x x lim 2 = lim x →∞ 3 x − bx + 7 x →∞ 2 b 7 x (3 − + 2 ) x x 1 = 3 x 2 (1 − 2 13. Solution Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. Sample Papers.co.in Portal for CBSE Notes. −3 ≤ x < 7 12. and so Discriminant must be zero. −3 and 5 sin α = 4 5 and p=4 Solution Multiply both numerator and denominator with x − 7 . 7) Hence.The line being a tangent .it touches the ellipse at two coincident points. Tips and Tricks .com and http://onlineteachers. (8m) 2 − 4(3)(1 + 4m2 ) = 0 64m 2 − 12 − 48m 2 = 0 16m2 = 12 12 16 3 m2 = 4 m2 = 10. − x + y − 4 = 0 5 5 Where. Test Papers.Then denominator becomes a perfect square and it is always positive Now ( x + 3)( x − 7) ≤ 0 Critical points are (−3.

Test Papers.co. Tips and Tricks . Sample Papers. 2t 2 + 5t + 2 = 0 Solving this quadratic 2t (t + 2) + (t + 2) = 0 (2t + 1)(t + 2) = 0 t = −2.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Solution 1 − 2sin 2 x − 5sin x − 3 = 0 2 sin 2 x + 5sin x + 2 = 0 Let sinx = t Then.lim x→0 tan x sin x 1 1 = lim × × x → 0 3 sin 3x sin 3 x x cosx 3x = 1×1× 14 . t = − sin x = 1 2 −1 2 First value of t is rejected as sin x should lie between (−1 and 1) Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.com and http://onlineteachers. 1 1 = 3 3 Solution Let n =1 Then n(n + 1)(2n + 1) = 6 and divisible by 6 Let it be divisible by 6 for n=m Then m(m + 1)(2m + 1) = 6k Where k is an integer For n = m + 1 the expression is (m + 1)(m + 2)(2m + 2 + 1) = (m + 2)(m + 1)(2m + 1) + 2(m + 1)(m + 2) = m(m + 1)(2m + 1) + 2(m + 1)(2m + 1) + 2(m + 1)(m + 2) = m(m + 1)(2m + 1) + 2(m + 1)(3m + 3) = m(m + 1)(2m + 1) + 6(m + 1)2 = 6k + 6(m + 1) 2 . This is divisible by 6 15.

co. 1 3 Solution a − d . Tips and Tricks . (m − 1)(3m + 1) = 0 m = 1.P b . m = 1.General solution is x = (−1) n +1 16. a. m = − 17. bg g a − d + a + a + d = 3a GP 3a = 126 a = 42 a + b = 76 b = 34 Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. m = − 1 3 Hence the three values of m for which the equation will have only one solution is m = 0.in Portal for CBSE Notes.com and http://onlineteachers. b.4 = 0 4(m 2 + 1 + 2m) − 16m2 = 0 On simplifying and solving. Sample Papers.a + d A. Test Papers. π 6 + nπ Solution When m=0 The given equation reduces to a first degree and it will have only one solution Also when the discriminant is zero it will have only one solution Discriminant is 4(m + 1)2 − 4m 2 .

Test Papers. Sample Papers. g = 2.4 − 4 x = 4 x (3) = 3 f ( x) 19. 68 m = 1. b = 34 AP 68. d = −26.in Portal for CBSE Notes.co. 42. 34. 16 GP 17. m = − 18.com and http://onlineteachers. 1 3 Solution f ( x + 1) = 4 x +1 f ( x) = 4 x f ( x + 1) − f ( x) = 4 x +1 − 4 x = 4 x.b = 85… (1) g a + d + bg = 84 … (2) a−d + 2a + b + bg = 169 g 34 g 2 − 85 g + 34 = 0 85 ± 852 − 4 × 34 × 34 g= 2 × 34 1 g = 2 or 2 When g = 2 42 − d + 34 = 85 2 d = −26 a = 42. Tips and Tricks . Solution Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.

Tips and Tricks .co.in Portal for CBSE Notes.com and http://onlineteachers. Sample Papers.3x + x3 1 + 3x 2 log 3x + x3 1− 1 + 3x 2 1+ = log 1 + 3x 2 + 3x + x3 1 + 3x 2 − 3x − x3 = log (1 + x)3 (1 − x)3 = 3log (1 + x) (1 − x) = 3 f ( x) Section C 20. Solution Let a = x −1 b=x c = x +1 Then ( x − 1 − i)(( x − 1 + i)( x + 1 + i)( x + 1 − i) ={( x − 1) 2 − i 2}{( x + 1)2 − i 2} = {( x − 1)2 + 1}{( x + 1)2 + 1} ={( x − 1)( x + 1)}2 + ( x − 1)2 + ( x + 1)2 + 1 = ( x 2 − 1)2 + ( x − 1)2 + ( x + 1)2 + 1 = x4 + 1 = b4 + 1 21. Test Papers. Solution Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.

Sample Papers. Test Papers.Multiply both Numerator and denominator with (1 − i)2 Then (1 + i) (1 − i) n (1 + i) (1 − i) = (1 − i) n n−2 2 n multiplying both Numerator & denominator with (1 + i)n (1 + i) (−2i)(1 + i) (1 − i) (1 + i) n = n n n Simplifying {(1 + i) } (−2i) = (1 − i ) 2 n 2 n On expanding and simplifying = 2n i n (−2)i 2n = −2i n +1 2(i)n +1 = = 2i n −1 2 i 22.3) Slope of line AB = 4−2 =1 3 −1 Let the required point be D (α .co. β ) must satisfy the equation Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide. β ) Then D must be a point on the line perpendicular to the line AB and passing through point C ∴ Slope of CD = −1 Equation of CD y − 3 = −1( x − 2) x+ y = 5 Equation of AB y − 2 = 1( x − 1) x − y +1 = 0 The point D(α .com and http://onlineteachers. 2)andB (3. 4) The mid-point of the line joining A and B is C (2. Solution Let the point be A(1.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Tips and Tricks .

in Portal for CBSE Notes.co. Test Papers. Solution x 2 − (α + β ) x + αβ − k 2 = 0 Discriminant of the above quadratic is {(α + β )}2 − 4(αβ − k 2 ) = (α − β ) 2 + k 2 is always positive and hence the roots are real. Solution Form a quadratic equation whose roots are 1 + i and 1 − i The equation is x2 − 2x + 2 = 0 The given expression x3 + x 2 − 4 x + 13 = x( x 2 − 2 x + 2) + 3( x 2 − 2 x + 2) + 7 x3 + x 2 − 4 x + 13 = x(0) + (0) + 7 x3 + x 2 − 4 x + 13 = 7 24. 25. Sample Papers. Tips and Tricks . β = 2 23.com and http://onlineteachers. β ) to AB is α − β +1 2 = 2 α − β = 1…(2) Solving equations 1 and 2 α = 3.x+ y =5 ∴α + β = 5… (1) The perpendicular distance from (α . Solution Let the roots be pα and qβ Then n pα + qα = − … (1) l pqα 2 = n l Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.

Test Papers.co.com and http://onlineteachers. p q 26. + q p n =0 l + Solution x 2(π − x) π−x = lim cot x →π 2 x →π 2 2 π−x 2(π − x) cos 2 = lim x →π π−x 2 sin 2 π−x cos 2 = lim 2 x →π π−x sin 2 π−x 2 lim(π − x) tan = lim 2 x −π →0 2 cos sin π−x 2 π−x 2 π−x 2 x −π cos 2 = 2 since the limit = lim 2 x −π x −π →0 sin 2 2 x −π 2 x−π 2 x−π 2 sin of = 1 Material downloaded from http://myCBSEguide.n 1 × …(2) l pq α= Hence substituting equation 2 in equation 1 n 1 n × + =0 l pq l ( p + q) On simplifying . Sample Papers.in Portal for CBSE Notes. Tips and Tricks .

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