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Edited by

RAYMOND E. WHITNEY

Lock Haven State College,

Lock Haven,

PA 17745

**Send alt commuyiLccutlonA concerning
**

ADVANCED PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS to

Raymond E. Whitney, Mathematics Department, Lock Haven State College, Lock

Haven, Pennsylvanis 17745. ThjJ> department eApecioLty welcomes problems believed to be new on, extending old fie&ultA. ?siopo&&i& should submit AolmtLonA

on, other information

that wilt aA&lbt the ecUXor. To facilitate

their

consideration,

solutions

should be submitted on separate Signed sheets within 2

months a^ter publication

o^ the problems.

H-290

Proposed

by Gregory

Wulczyn,

Bucknell

University,

Lewisburg,

PA.

Show that:

(a)

(b)

H-291

Fk* k + 6r +3 ~ ^k+kr + 2 ~ ( " 1 /

FkFLsr

Proposed

~ ?U,r

=

^2r +l^k+8r

(-Dk + 1F2Zr(Fk

by George Berzsenyi,

+ 8p

+h ~ ^k+kr+2'

>

+ 2F k + l f r ) .

Lamar University,

Beaumont,

TX

**Prove that there are infinitely many squares which are differences of
**

consecutive cubes.

H-292

Proposed by F. S. Cater

land, OR.

and J. Daily,

Portland

State

University,

Port-

Find all real numbers v £(0,1) for which there exists a one-to-one function fr mapping (0,1) onto (0,1) such that

(1) fr and f~ are infinitely many times differentiable on (0,1), and

(2) the sequence of functions fr, frofP9

frofrofr,

fv^fv°fv°fv

> •'•••

converges pointwise to v on (0,1).

H-293

Proposed

by Leonard

Carlitz,

Duke University,

**It is known that the Hermite polynomials <Hn(x)\
**

n=0

Durham, NC.

defined by

n

'

satisfy the relation

**I>»+ *(*>S = e2XZ-*2Hk(x
**

n=0

- z) (k = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) .

'

Show that conversely if a set of polynomials \fn(x)\

<x>

Z-4+fc^Jr = E ^ ^ J r 4 ( x - z) (k = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) ,

n =0

where f0(x)

satisfy

n=0

= 1, fx(x) = 2x, then

fn(x)

= Hn(x)

(n = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) .

566

therefore /?? .-*)0)(5)/(")However.^ 7 2 i + P + 1 2 ^ 7 i + 0 P + 2 0 ^ 5 6r + 2 8 ^ 7 2 r + 3 6 ^ 1 Or + 5 ^ 2 Or + 1 5 ^ 5 Or +2 5 ^ 7 Or + 3 6 ^ 5 Or+1+5 SOLUTIONS SYMMETRIC SUM H-272 ( C o r r e c t e d ) Proposed by Leonard Carlitz. p ) . A moment's reflection reveals that it suffices to show that Cm(p. p.k in the last expression yields te last expression yields: m m '.')/(j)- j=0 k=0 7 = 0fe= 0 Replacing k by m .<*•«•'>-E£(.)/(?)-O/rTO-O^'/fT1)Therefore. q.f*)?:w)'(J)(5)/(-r1)- . Duke University.?oc. Replacing j by (1) and applying Vandermonde? s convolution theorem on the term inand q yields: ". Bucknell University.)fc^)«) k=0 j-o m m -J E0t(A)UKi)(. Define a) Clearly.<p-"-')-i. r).^)(5)(j)/(. q. it is easy to verify that (»-. CA. q.)E(. NC.?*)(0(*)/(. Solution C m (p. v) = Cm(q. r) v.(. Durham.Dec.) J = 0fc= j -EU)(. (7. p. Evaluate ^2r+l ^6r+3 -^10r+5 ^lhr+7 ^ I 8r +9 * hr +2 ^ 1 2 r + 6 ^ 2 OP + 1 0 ^ 2 8 r + 1 h^ Z Sv + 1 8 ^6r+3 ^ 3 6 r + 1 5 ^ 4 2 ^ + 2 1^5 4 r + 2 7 ^18r+9 ^ 7 8 r + L f .j in volving p j =0 Cm(p.!.«.-*)(5)(.<*. w • C)E(?)(. PA. by Paul Bruckman. 1978 H-294 ADVANCED PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Proposed by Gregory Wulczyn. 567 Lewisburg. r) = Cm(q. 777 k *. Concord. Show t h a t EmcAX^rv^A™) is symmetric in p.

indicated below.{In + 3 ) .. = / ^ L2n . 3. . iii. Slippery Rock. the array D.1) j=0 n+1 " / . PA. .L2n-2(.r •.2 (j . 1 4 1 11 4 1 29 11 4 1 76 29 11 4 1 Show that the row sums are L2n + 2 ~ 2.0 L = £J2n+2 " ^ O J a 2n-2(j- 1) s " L 2n-2j) required. Shannon. Morgantown. % = q. J-0 n iii. 2Ls ^2n-kj + i ~ F2n+3 - i.W. In effect we are asked to prove: n i* 2Ll ^2n-2j +1 = ^2n+2 ~ 2. Identities D-u'UK^/cr)/©- fc-0 Letting k = J. (H.rt=E(?)(„^-)L-J-)r'r+j')/(™) 3 = Cm(q..i-l) j=l . proposer.1972)... p ) .. Solution by A.568 ADVANCED PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Now.) is written in staggered columns: i.S.1) in Combinatorial is as follows: <« [Dec.1 In (4). formula (7. G. sequentially to the right then the row sums are L2n+3 . In which ^2n+i (n = 0. k=0 once again and replacing k by j y i e l d s : m <p.*> = Q|:axA)r i T~ i )/CT 1 ) fr\SLy(P\t \m)ls\k)\m-k)\ = 1 \/q+r-m k + k\ I IT -m + k\ ) /\ k ) . Show that the rising diagonal sums are F2n+3 ~ 1 where L2n+1 is the largest element in the sum. j-o n n (^ Z^L2^-2J + 1 J=0 / n \ = I-** \ j . ii. Gould. 2. W.D. A RAY OF LUCAS H-273 Proposed by W. Brady. n = k. 2. J-0 [n/2] i1. Australia. p. G.{In + 3).. The N. Slippery Rock State College.«. Consider. y = m . we therefore simplify (3) as follows: *. Institute of Technology. 1. ^ (j + l)L2n_2j+1 = L2n + 3 . Show that if the columns are multiplied by 1.E. Also solved by the Q. after Hoggatt and H-257.

T.Ll 2 ) [from (i)] 3 ~ -^2n-2i+l ~ ^j . .1 n = F j-i (iii) £ (J + l)L2n_2j.1 . .1 ) = j=o ! ~ ^i^(25 «) " F. Wulczyn.1o(29 1 if n\m9 0 if n\m.x) < p < y/(z . Prielipp. Howard solved H-268 and M. Canada.Q ' = F2n+3 in which 569 *Yj 2in+i)-n+i . Dinh The'Hung. F. Freitag.2 i + l = Z)(L2n-2i+ 2 i =0j =1 ' *-0 n rc + 1 +3 ~ X .+ 1 .x) + y/(z . n n n [n/2] + l F ^ 2n-kj = 2-j\^2n-2i+ £=0 L 2n-kj+3 n + 1) = F 2 n + 3 . B.• G. Klamkin solved H-270. Guillotte. Late Acknowledgments: H. Show that (A) p < xj(z . Quebec. x. and z. A. y. Let p denote an odd prime and xp + yp = zp for positive integers.2(n + 1) = L2n+3 .(L2n + 2 .y).L 2 n + 2 + 2 .y).2) .2(n + 1) i =Q = L2n+. Bruckman. Also solved by P. R.1978] ADVANCED PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS [«/2] (ii) 2 ^ [n/2] L 2n-Hj [n/2] + 1 = 2-J {F2n-Hj J-o +3 " F 2n .4 j . as required.£ S L 2 n . and the proposer. A CORRECTED OLDIE H-225 Proposed by G.2 . ^.(In + 3 ) . and (B) z/2(z .

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