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Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship
(Promulgating the editio typica of rites for holy communion and worship of the
eucharist outside Mass, 21 June 1973.)
The sacrament of the eucharist was entrusted by Christ to his Bride the Church,
as spiritual nourishment and as a pledge of eternal life. The Church continues to
receive this gift with faith and love.
The celebration of the eucharist in the sacrifice of the Mass is the true origin and
purpose of the worship shown to the eucharist outside Mass. The principal
reason for reserving the sacrament after Mass is to unite, through sacramental
communion, the faithful unable to participate in the Mass, especially the sick and
the aged, with Christ and the offering of his sacrifice.
In turn, eucharistic reservation, which became customary in order to permit the
reception of communion, led to the practice of adoring this sacrament and
offering to it the worship of latria that is due to God. This cult of adoration is
based on valid and solid principles; furthermore, the Church itself has instituted
public and communal forms of this worship.
The rite of Mass has already been revised. The Instruction Eucharisticum
Mysterium, published 25 May 1967, has set out the norms "on the practical
arrangement of the worship of this sacrament even after Mass and on its
correlation with the proper arrangement of the Mass in conformity with the
directives of Vatican Council II and other pertinent documents of the Apostolic
See."[1] Now the Congregation for Divine Worship has revised the rites that
bear the title Holy Communion and Worship of the Eucharist outside Mass.
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"Holy Communion And Worship Of The Eucharist Outside Mass". Endnote 1 Sacred Congregation of Rites. They are to replace the rites that appear in the Roman Ritual at the present time. approved by Pope Paul VI. like every other ministry of the Church and every work of the apostolate. are linked with the holy eucharist and have it as their end. Christ himself. they may be used in the vernacular from the day set by the conferences of bishops for their territory. General Introduction. which is declared to be the editio typica. Anything to the contrary notwithstanding. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no.These rites. GENERAL INTRODUCTION I. Relationship Between Eucharistic Worship Outside Mass And The Eucharistic Celebration 1. that . 3 g. both for the universal Church and for the local congregations of the Church. Instr. Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship. He is our Passover and living bread. Introductions. he is bringing life to people and in this way inviting and leading them to offer themselves together with him. are now published in this edition. through his flesh. They may be used at once in Latin. The celebration of the eucharist is the center of the entire Christian life. June 21. 1973: Vatican Polyglot Press. 1973. as well as their labors and all open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Chapter 1 and Chapter 3. made living and life-giving by the Holy Spirit. For the eucharist contains the Church's entire spiritual wealth. after the conferences have prepared a vernacular version and have obtained the confirmation of the Holy See. "The other sacraments.

created things."[4] 4."[1] 2. full of grace and truth. The secondary ends are the giving of communion and the adoration of our Lord Jesus Christ present in the sacrament. . No one therefore may doubt "that all the faithful show this holy sacrament the veneration and adoration that is due to God himself. This cult of open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. "The celebration of the eucharist in the sacrifice of the Mass. 'God with us. both in the celebration of Mass and in the worship of the sacrament reserved after Mass in order to extend the grace of the sacrifice. "is truly the origin and the purpose of the worship that is shown to the eucharist outside Mass. The primary and original reason for reservation of the eucharist outside Mass is the administration of . . he dwells among Us."[3] 3. Purpose Of Eucharistic Reservation 5." moreover.' Day and night he is in our midst. "after the sacrifice has been offered . Christ is truly the Emmanuel. that is. In order to give right direction and encouragement to devotion to the sacrament of the eucharist. as long as the eucharist is reserved in churches and oratories."[2] Christ the Lord "is offered in the sacrifice of the Mass when he begins to be sacramentally present as the spiritual food of the faithful under the appearance of bread and wine". as has always been the practice recognized in the Catholic Church. the eucharistic mystery must be considered in all its fullness. The reservation of the sacrament for the sick led to the praiseworthy practice of adoring this heavenly food that is reserved in churches. Nor is the sacrament to be less the object of adoration on the grounds that it was instituted by Christ the Lord to be received as food.[5] II.

That presence is the effect of the consecration and should appear as such.adoration has a sound and firm foundation. in the eucharistic elements. God and man.[6] 6. are open every day for at least several hours.[10] open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. In the celebration of Mass the chief ways in which Christ is present in his Church emerge clearly one after the . also in the person of the minister. in conformity with the law. the holy eucharist is reserved. is substantially and permanently present in the sacrament. he is present in the very assembly of the faithful. next. and above all. through reservation of the sacrament in the tabernacle. gathered together in his name. not to exclude the other kinds of presence as though they were not real. he is present in his word. finally. the whole and entire Christ. In a way that is completely unique. on the grounds of the sign value. This presence of Christ under the appearance of bread and wine "is called real. so that the faithful may easily pray in the presence of the blessed sacrament."[7] Consequently. Christ not be present eucharistically from the beginning on the altar where Mass is celebrated. at a convenient time. Pastors should see that churches and public oratories where. in a number sufficient for the communion of the sick and of others outside Mass. especially since faith in the real presence of the Lord has as its natural consequence the outward. public manifestation of that belief. but because it is real par excellence. The consecrated hosts are to be frequently renewed and reserved in a ciborium or other vessel. with the reading and explanation of Scripture in the church.[9] 8.[8] 7. First. it is more in keeping with the nature of the celebration that.

The holy eucharist is to be reserved in a solid tabernacle. Ordinarily there should be only one tabernacle in a church. Place Of Eucharistic Reservation 9.[12] IV. 10.III. through personal worship. especially in churches where marriages and funerals are celebrated frequently and in churches where there are many visitors because of pilgrimages or the artistic and historical treasures. 11. It is highly recommended that the place be suitable also for private adoration and prayer so that the faithful may readily and fruitfully continue to honor the Lord. The place for the reservation of the eucharist should be truly preeminent. It must be opaque and unbreakable. in some other noble and properly ornamented part of the church. According to traditional usage. This will be achieved more easily if the chapel is separate from the body of the . The presence of the eucharist in the tabernacle is to be shown by a veil or in another suitable way determined by the competent authority. at the discretion of the local Ordinary.[11] The key to the tabernacle where the eucharist is reserved must be kept most carefully by the priest in charge of the church or oratory or by a special minister who has received the faculty to give communion. an oil lamp or lamp with a wax candle is to burn constantly near the tabernacle as a sign of the honor shown to the Lord. Competence Of The Conferences Of Bishops open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. present in the sacrament. this may be placed on an altar or if not on an altar.

12. In this matter it will be up to the conferences: a. provided they are compatible with the spirit of the liturgy. 63. Instr. 3 g. 3 f. 3 Ibid. No. <Mysterium fidei> no. especially for singing with appropriate melodies. No. b). to prepare translations of texts that are truly accommodated to the character of various languages and the mentality of various cultures. they may add texts. to accommodate this title of the Roman Ritual to the needs of individual regions so that. once the <acta> of the conferences have been confirmed by the Apostolic See. 67. Endnotes 1 <Presbyterorum ordinis> no. 4 Sacred Congregation of Rites. to consider carefully what elements. 2 Sacred Congregation of Rites. 3b and Paul VI. Encycl. 3 e. 5 See ibid. the ritual may be followed in the respective regions. the conferences are then to propose to the Apostolic See adaptations considered useful or necessary that will be introduced with its consent. from the traditions of individual peoples may be retained or introduced. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. It is for the conferences of . <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. in the preparation of particular rituals in accord with the Constitution on the Liturgy (art. b. Instr. if any. 5.

<Mysterium fidei> no. both private and public. When the faithful adore Christ present in the sacrament. 7 Paul VI. Instr. In structuring these devotional exercises account should be taken of the liturgical seasons so that they accord with the liturgy. and lead the people back to it. Therefore devotion.6 See ibid. Instr. nos. Encycl. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. 10 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. 55. 12 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. 9 See GIRM .[1] 80. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. toward the eucharist even outside Mass that conforms to the norms laid down by lawful authority is strongly advocated. are in some way derived from it. they should remember that this presence derives from the sacrifice and has as its purpose both sacramental and spiritual communion. 52-53. 51. Instr. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. 11 See ibid. 292. 57. 49. no. CHAPTER III Forms Of Worship Of The Eucharist 79 The eucharistic sacrifice is the source and culmination of the whole Christian life. 39. 8 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. 285. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

Therefore. Thus they foster those right dispositions that enable them with due devotion to celebrate the memorial of the Lord and receive frequently the bread given us by the Father. Offering their entire lives with Christ to the Father in the Holy Spirit. It renews the covenant that in turn moves them to maintain by the way they live what they have received through faith and the sacrament. as sharers in the death and resurrection of the Lord. Abiding with Christ the . Exposition Of The Holy Eucharist Introduction open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. the faithful should strive to worship Christ the Lord in the blessed sacrament in a manner fitting in with their own way of life. All should be eager to do good works and to please God. to become witnesses of Christ. they derive from this sublime colloquy an increase of faith. hope. and charity. Prayer before Christ the Lord sacramentally present extends the union with Christ that the faithful have reached in communion. Pastors should show the way by example and by word encourage their people. even in the midst of human affairs. the devotion prompting the faithful to visit the blessed sacrament draws them into an ever deeper share in the paschal mystery and leads them to respond gratefully to the gift of him who through his humanity constantly pours divine life into the members of his Body. They should strive to lead their whole lives in the strength of this heavenly food. Therefore. so that they may seek to imbue the world with the Christian spirit and. in all things.[2] 81.[3] 1. they enjoy his intimate friendship and pour out their hearts before him for themselves and for those dear to them and they pray for the peace and salvation of the world.

to heal. whether reserved in open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.[4] 83. the celebration of the eucharistic mystery includes in a higher way that inner communion to which exposition is meant to lead the faithful. Exposition of the holy eucharist. unless it is celebrated in a chapel separate from the area of exposition and at least some of the faithful remain in adoration.I. Relationship Between Exposition And Mass 82. In addition to the reasons given in no. During the exposition of the blessed sacrament. If exposition of the blessed sacrament goes on for a day or for several successive days. either in a ciborium or in a monstrance. Regulations For Exposition 84. In such exposition care must be taken that everything clearly brings out the meaning of eucharistic worship in its correlation with the Mass. Genuflection in the presence of the blessed sacrament.[5] II. celebration of Mass in the body of the Church is prohibited. and to comfort . There must be nothing about the appointments used for exposition that could in any way obscure Christ's intention of instituting the eucharist above all to be near us to feed. leads us to acknowledge Christ's marvelous presence in the sacrament and invites us to the spiritual union with him that culminates in sacramental communion. Therefore it is a strong encouragement toward the worship owed to Christ in spirit and in truth. it should be interrupted during the celebration of Mass. 6.

For any serious and general need. for example. In this way the local community may meditate on this mystery more deeply and adore. it is recommended that solemn exposition of the blessed sacrament for an extended period of time should take place once a year. the local Ordinary is empowered to order prayer before the blessed sacrament exposed for a more extended period of time in those churches to which the faithful come in large numbers.[7] 88. at least two candles should be lighted and incense may be used. may take . at midday and at night. it is permissible to replace the blessed sacrament in the tabernacle at fixed hours that are announced ahead of time. For exposition of the blessed sacrament in the ciborium. even though this period is not strictly continuous. however.the tabernacle or exposed for public adoration. only if there is assurance of the participation of a reasonable number of the faithful. and incense is used. But this may not be done more than twice a day. In churches where the eucharist is regularly reserved. The following form of simple reposition may be observed: the priest or deacon. Where there cannot be uninterrupted exposition because there is not a sufficient number of worshipers. 85. as at Mass. is on one knee.[6] 87. with the consent of the local Ordinary. four to six candles are lighted. For exposition of the blessed sacrament in the monstrance. This kind of exposition. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Lengthy Exposition 86.

songs. replaces the blessed sacrament in the tabernacle after a brief period of adoration and a prayer said with those present. or a surplice over a cassock. The exposition of the blessed sacrament may take place again. and gives the worship due to the sacrament a more sublime expression. prayers. It is strongly recommended that they pattern this holy practice in harmony with the spirit of the . in accordance with the nature of the institute as approved by the Church. with the whole community taking part. the worshipers adore Christ the Lord in the sacrament open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. and a stole. some religious communities and other groups have the practice of perpetual eucharistic adoration or adoration over extended periods of time. The form of adoration in which one or two members of the community take turns before the blessed sacrament is also to be maintained and is highly commended. This promotes between the members of the religious house the spirit of unity and mutual love that the eucharist signifies and effects. Adoration In Religious Communities 90. and a period for silent prayer. will consist of readings. Then. songs. the adoration before Christ the Lord. Through it. and religious silence to foster effectively the spiritual life of the community.[9] Exposition merely for the purpose of giving benediction is prohibited. in the same manner and at a scheduled time. According to the constitutions and regulations of their institute.vested in an alb.[8] Brief Period Of Exposition 89. Shorter expositions of the eucharist are to be arranged in such a way that the blessing with the eucharist is preceded by a reasonable time for readings of the word of God.

At the end of the period of adoration. The minister. . The priest or deacon should wear a white cope and humeral veil to give the blessing at the end of adoration. before the reposition. place the ciborium on the altar or place the host in the monstrance. they replace the blessed sacrament in the tabernacle. a member of a religious community or of a pious association of laymen or laywomen which is devoted to eucharistic adoration. he blesses the congregation with the sacrament. At the end of the period of adoration. 92. the following persons may publicly expose and later repose the eucharist for the adoration of the faithful: a. The ordinary minister for exposition of the eucharist is a priest or deacon.and pray to him in the name of the entire community and Church. upon appointment by the local Ordinary. Other ministers should wear either the liturgical vestments that are used in the region or the vesture that is befitting this ministry and is approved by the Ordinary. and a stole. for them to give the blessing with the sacrament. if he is a priest or deacon. however. an acolyte or special minister of communion. Minister Of Exposition 91. as required. In the absence of a priest or deacon or if they are lawfully impeded. Such ministers may open the tabernacle and also. should vest in an alb. when the exposition takes place with the open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. or a surplice over a cassock. III. It is not lawful.

however. the Christian people give public witness to faith and to their devotion toward this sacrament. If the procession cannot be held on the solemnity of Corpus Christi. he should put on the humeral veil. when today's circumstances permit and when it can truly be a sign of common faith and adoration. has a special importance and meaning for the pastoral life of the parish or city. and plan for them that will ensure their being carried out with decorum and without any loss of reverence toward this sacrament. place. The annual procession on the solemnity of Corpus Christi.[12] 102. at the end of a lengthy period of public adoration that open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. It is therefore desirable to continue this procession. A procession may also take place. . or on a convenient day near this feast. it is fitting to hold some kind of public celebration for the entire city or its principal districts in the cathedral church or other convenient places. in accordance with the law. Eucharistic Processions 101. 103. But it is for the local Ordinary to decide on both the advisability of such processions in today's conditions and on the time. In the principal districts of large cities there may be additional eucharistic processions for pastoral reasons at the discretion of the local Ordinary.blessing at the end of adoration. in the case of exposition in the ciborium. In processions in which the eucharist is carried through the streets solemnly with singing. It is fitting that a eucharistic procession begin after the Mass and the host to be carried in the procession is consecrated at this Mass. when the exposition takes place with the monstrance.

[. Songs and prayers should be planned with the purpose of expressing the faith of the participants and the centering of their attention on the Lord alone. Eucharistic congresses have been introduced into the life of the Church in recent years as a special manifestation of eucharistic worship. In the course of the procession there may be stations where the eucharistic blessing is given. . They should be considered as a kind of "station" to which a particular community invites an entire local Church or to which an individual local Church invites other Churches of a single region or nation or even of the entire world. Eucharistic Congresses 109. . and program of the congress. if there is such a custom and some pastoral advantage recommends . 104. The purpose is that together the members of the Church join in the deepest profession of some aspect of the eucharistic mystery and express their worship publicly in the bond of charity and unity. theme. 110.] 3. Such congresses should be a genuine sign of faith and charity by reason of the total participation of the local Church and the association with it of the other Churches. These studies are meant to lead to the consideration of genuine needs and to foster the progress of theological studies and the good of the local Church. Specialists open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.has been held after Mass. Eucharistic processions should be arranged in accordance with local customs in regard to the decoration of the streets and the order followed by the participants. Both the local Church and other Churches should undertake studies beforehand concerning the place.

b. and public conferences should be planned to investigate thoroughly the theme of the congress and to set out more clearly the ways for carrying out its practical implications.[15] 112. catechetical meetings.[13] c. a thorough . the concentration should be on the following: a. and humane studies should help in this research. biblical. to which all the programs and the various devotional services should be directed.[16] a. 111. The celebration of the congress should be planned on the basis of the following criteria. b.[14] The goal is that every eucharistic table may be a center from which the leaven of the Gospel spreads as a force in the growth of contemporary society and as the pledge of the future kingdom. following the example of the primitive Christian community. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. In preparation for a eucharistic congress. especially as the mystery of Christ living and working in the theological. Celebrations of the word of God. more active participation in the liturgy in order to encourage a reverent hearing of the word of God and the spirit of mutual love and community. liturgical. accommodated to the capacity of different groups. research into the means and the pursuit of social action for human development and the just distribution of goods. pastoral. concerning the eucharist. The celebration of the eucharist should be the true center and high point of the congress. including the temporal.

social. Instr. no. The regulations concerning eucharistic processions[17] should be observed for the procession in which the blessed sacrament is carried through the streets of the city to the accompaniment of public hymns and prayers. 58. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. 64. no. no. 6 See ibid. 65. 60. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. no 50.c. 5 See ibid. no. 2 See . 3 See ibid. no. no. 4 See ibid. There should be an opportunity for common prayers and extended adoration in the presence of the blessed sacrament exposed at designated churches that are especially suited to this form of piety. 7 See ibid. 13. 8 See ibid. 9 See ibid. Endnotes 1 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. no. d. and religious conditions. taking into account local. 61. 63. 66.

14 See Acts 4:32. 13 See <Sacrosanctum Concilium> art. Instr. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no.12 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. Provided Courtesy of: Eternal Word Television Network 5817 Old Leeds Road Irondale. 16 See Sacred Congregation of Rites. 17 See nos. 41-52. 101-108 of this document. 15 See <Sacrosanctum Concilium> art. . <Unitatis redintegratio> no. Instr. <Eucharisticum Mysterium> no. AL 35210 www. HOME-EWTNews-FAITH-TELEVISION-RADIO-LIBRARY-GALLERY-CATALOGUE-GENERAL ESPAÑOL open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 47. 67.ewtn.