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Reservoir Engineering Department

#300, 398 Harbour Rd.

Victoria, BC V9A 0B7

Phone: (250)419-4400
Fax: (250)419-4403
24 hour: (250)794-5200


Well Type

Waste Types Allowed

Required Approval

Produced Water

Produced water, completion fluids including recovered

frac water

OGC Special Project

Waste Disposal

Produced water, completion fluids including recovered

frac water, boiler blowdown water, tank wash water,
rig wash, spent glycols, drilling waste leachate

OGC Special Project &

EMA Permit

Produced water from oil and gas wells must be disposed into a subsurface formation via an approved disposal service
well, as per Section 7(1) of the Oil and Gas Waste Regulation. Produced water is defined to also include recovered
fluids from well completion or workover operations (including flowback fluids from fracture stimulations); therefore this
application/approval applies for disposal of water associated with hydrocarbon production, flowback fluids, or a
combination of both.
Non-hazardous waste generated from oil and gas industry activities may be disposed into deep formations. Nonhazardous (formerly termed non-special) waste covers waste materials that are not classified as hazardous under the
Hazardous Waste Regulation. Examples of non-hazardous wastes that may be disposed include boiler blowdown
water, tank wash water, rig wash, spent glycols, drilling waste leachate, etc. If an operator will only be using the
disposal well for fluids generated by their own operations, the OGC Waste Management and Reclamation Branch will
handle the EMA (Environmental Management Act) Permit. If the facility is to handle 3 party wastes, the Ministry of
Environment that will administer the Permit under the EMA.
Detailed information regarding water service wells can be found on the OGC website here Summary information Water
Source and Disposal Wells. A proposal to dispose into a deep water-saturated formation must be shown to have no
adverse effects on hydrocarbon potential or usable water in the surrounding area. A proposal to use a depleted pool
must demonstrate containment.
An application for disposal well approval, as a Special Project under Section 75 of the Oil and Gas Activities Act should
contain, when applicable:

Well name and location (surface and bottom, if different) and Well Permit (WA) number of the proposed
disposal well, and general drilling, completion and activity history.

A general discussion and justification for disposal of produced water in the proposed well at the selected
location, as expanded below;


A map illustrating tenure and registered owners, in the disposal formation, within a 3-kilometre radius of the
proposed disposal well.

A map illustrating the status and completion zones for all wells within 3 kilometres of the disposal well.


Reservoir - a discussion of the relevant geology and rock properties of the reservoir formation - average
porosity, water saturation and permeability and any gas-oil, gas-water, oil-water contacts, including; crosssections, structural contour and isopach maps with details of top and base of porosity.

Reservoir Seals - A discussion of the reservoir bounding base and caprock, including; rock properties,
continuity and thickness, evidence of fracturing and effective pool boundaries.

Updated: 06-Feb-2013
Effective: 01-March-2013

Aquifer - details of stratigraphic traps, dip and strike and estimates of the volume and areal extent of the aquifer.

Depleted Pool - The producing history of the proposed disposal well and other wells in pool.


Pressure values, citing data source and calculations; initial reservoir pressure, proposed wellhead & bottom
hole injection pressure, and formation fracture pressure (based on ISIP).

A detailed report of: 1) a step-rate injectivity test performed to ascertain fracture pressure of the formation, if
available, or 2) hydraulic stimulation of proposed well or comparable. Calculation of a maximum allowable
wellhead injection pressure will include injection pressure, hydrostatic head, friction losses and a safety factor.

Expected injectivity performance and life, based on maximum limiting average reservoir pressure value (120%
of Pi) and available voidage capacity.

Proposed well testing schedule to monitor reservoir pressure in the disposal formation.

Radius and shape of injection migration plume based on geology, estimate of drive indices and interface
movements in the reservoir.

Analysis of water in the disposal formation.

Typical analysis of the water to be disposed of, description of sources and compatibility.

A diagram of the proposed disposal-well completion, including; existing and proposed completion intervals,
casing and tubing details, packer location, and annulus fluid.

Wellbore integrity testing, log results and interpretation, including;

Evidence of hydraulic isolation of the disposal zone.

Cement integrity/inspection logs less than 10 years old.
A full length casing inspection log, required for any existing well greater than 10 years old being converted
for disposal service.

A diagram of the surface water handling and metering facilities.

Method of continuous measuring and recording of wellhead injection pressures.

NOTE: Pro-active monitoring of penetrated shallow aquifers is recommended practice, though not required at
present, and it is advisable to include a monitoring plan in the application.

Written statements from subsurface tenure owners who may be affected, indicating their reaction to the
proposed water-disposal scheme. Examples of such statements are provided here Consent to Inclusion in a
Reservoir Project or here No Objection to Reservoir Project.

Two copies of the application are to be submitted to the Supervisor of the Reservoir Engineering Department of the Oil
and Gas Commission in Victoria at the address noted above. Notice of an application is posted on the Commissions
website for a 21-day period to solicit any potential technical objection. The applicant is responsible for providing a copy
of the application, upon request, to third parties during the period of public notice. After the notice period ends, a copy of
the application may be requested by the Commissions Data Centre.
A third copy, together with a copy of the Notice of Operations form is to be forwarded to the Supervisor, Drilling &
Production of the Oil and Gas Commission in Kelowna (#304, 1500 Hardy Street, Kelowna BC V1Y 8H2).
If non-hazardous waste will be disposed, a fourth copy is to be sent to the Director, Waste Management & Reclamation
of the Operations Division of the Oil and Gas Commission in Fort St. John (#100, 10003 - 110th Avenue, Fort St John,
BC V1J 6M7). The Ministry of Environment deep well disposal policy is available here.

Updated: 06-Feb-2013
Effective: 01-March-2013