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LIFTING LUG DESIGN CALCULATION (SKID)
ITEM : C.I. SKID (A-6810)
PROJECT NO. C.I Injection system (A-6810) - Permas Field Substructure

## Weight of component to be lifted

Component force acting on beam, F
Impact factor
SKID LUG SIZING
Distance from lug hole to edge of beam, k
Lug thickness, tL
Lug base width, wL
Diameter of hole, d
Distance from lug hole to base, hL
Collar plate thickness, tcp
Collar ring diameter, Dcp
Clearance btw shackle & lug size
Lug thickness, tL
A = 42.9 mm 40
C = 95.5 mm 70
Since A & C clearance against Lug size , Therefore the Lug is is
ACCEPTABLE
Per PTS Section 6.3
a) Lug hole diameter, d shall be Max of i) Dp + 3mm
ii) Dp X 1.05
b) Lug hole diameter, d shall be less than < (Dp + 6mm)
Dp = 33 result a)
b)
Hole,d

## Diameter of hole, d btw 31.70 33 34.70

No of lug eye,
Maximum combined force acting on lug eye, Fc

## LIFTING LUG MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Material used
Specified yield stress, Sy
Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane
Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane
Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )
Allowable bearing stress, Sbr.all ( = 0.9Sy )
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
SHACKLES
Shackle rating ( S.W.L )
Type of shackle BOLT Type Anchor shackle G2130
Pin size, Dp
FACTOR OF SAFETY F.O.S.

Ts

SLING TENSION P = FOS * Ts P
LIFTING ANGLE a
ACTUAL OUT OF PLANE ANGLE b
VERTICAL FORCE ON PADEYE Fz = P * sin a Fz
OUT OF PLANE FORCE Fyl = P * sin b Fyl
HORIZONTAL FORCE ON PADEYE Fx = P * cos a Fx
Horizontal dist.PIN CL to N.A. exl
STRESS CHECK AT BASE
Moment Calc at distance , H
In Plane Moment My = ( Fx*H ) - ( Fz*ex l) My
Out of plane moment Mx = ( FyI*hL ) Mx
Tensile Stress
Maximum tensile force, ft = Fz / [ tL * wL ]
Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )
Since ft < St.all, therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
Bending stress (In Plane)
Maximum bending stress , fbx = ( 6*Mx ) / ( wL * [(tL+tcp)^2] )
Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane
Since fbx < fbx.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
Bending stress (Out of Plane)
Maximum bending stress , fby = ( 6*My ) / [ tL +(2*tcp)] * [ wL^2 ] )

## Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane

Since fby < fby.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.

Combined stresses,
U
= St/St.all + fby/fby.all + fbx/fbx.all
Since U < 1, therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
SHEAR stress (In Plane)
Maximum SHEAR stress , fsx = Fx / [ wL * tL ]
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
Since fsx < Ss.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
Bending stress (Out of Plane)
Maximum SHEAR stress , fsy = Fyl / [ wL * tL ]
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
Since fsx < Ss.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
CHECKING VON-MISES CRITERIA
Sum of stress in X-PLANE
Sum of stress in Y-PLANE

fx = St + fby
fy = St + fbx

## Maximum Combined stress

Fcomb = SQRT [ (fx^2)+(fy^2)-(fx+fy+3fxy^2) ]
Allowable combined stress : Fcomb.all ( = 0.66Sy )
Since fsx < Ss.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
STRESS CHECK AT PIN HOLE
Tensile Stress
Maximum tensile force, P
Cross sectional area of lug eye, At = [ 2 * ( tL* ( rL - d/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d/2 ))]
Tensile stress, St
Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )
Since St < St.all, therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
Bearing Stress
Maximum bearing force, P
Cross sectional area of lug eye, Ab = Dp * ( tL + 2tcp )
Bearing stress, Sbr = Fbr / Ab
Allowable bearing stress, Sbr.all ( = 0.9Sy )
Since Sbr < Sbr.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.

Shear Stress

## Maximum shear force, P

Cross sectional area of lug eye, At = [ 2 * ( tL* ( rL - d/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d/2 ))]
Shear stress, Ss
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
Since Ss < Ss.all,therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
Combined stresses,
U
= St/St.all + fby/fby.all + fbx/fbx.all
Since U < 1, therefore the lug size is satisfactory.
WELD SIZE CALCULATIONS
Weld leg used,
Weld throat thickness used, tr
Filler metal material
Fillet weld joint efficiency, E
Welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ),
Allowable welding stress,Sw
Tensile Stress
Maximum tensile force,Ft
Area of weld, Aw = 2*(tL+wL)*tr
Tensile stress, St = [(Ft/Aw)]
Since St < Sw,therefore weld leg is satisfactory.
Shear stress
Maximum shear force,Ft
Shear stress, Ss = (Ft/Aw)
Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw
Since Ss < Sw,therefore weld leg dimension is SATISFACTORY.
Bending stress
Maximum bending force,Fb
Bending stress, Sb = [(Fb/Aw)]
Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw
Calculation Reference