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Key words: Busbar Design, CIVAnde, Ecodesign, InCa, Induction Heating, FLUX, Mechatronics, Portunus, PSCAD,...

>> Software:

Editorial
Best Wishes for 2007...
The whole team of CEDRAT is happy to wish you a Very Happy New Year 2007. May it bring
you joy and prosperity in your individual and professional life.
2006 was the year of the twentieth anniversary of Magsoft. It ended with a joint agreement
between CEDRAT and Adapted Solutions, company specialised in software solutions for
mechatronics and electrical systems. This strategic partnership allows CEDRAT to further
its presence in the market of simulation software and ADAPTED SOLUTIONS strengthen
its international activities. More information are given in this issue.
Besides Portunus, that completes brilliantly our software solutions catalogue, other new
products or versions will highlight the coming year. Motor overlays (now for Brushless PM and
Induction machines, and soon for DC machines) are among the key simulation solutions for
motor design and analysis. InCa also is a promising new package for electrical connection
simulation: the application for busbars design for power electronics is very signicant.
All this opens widely new doors for our close and long term future and strengthen our
position as a leading provider of a complete range of software solutions for electrical and
mechatronic engineering.

Magnetic
actuators.

Bus transfer
with PSCAD.

The magnetic circuit of magnetic or linear


actuators... (pages 14-16)

Performing a fast bus transfer study...


(pages 2-3).

Induction
heating.

Busbar
design.

State of the art of numerical simulation


with Inova (pages 6-7).

How to spare Nanohenries with InCa (pages


8-9).

Systems
simulation.

CEDRAT and
Ecodesign.

Newest solution for simulation of power


electronics and mechatronic systems
(pages 4-5).

Partnership with CODDE for electric and


electronic equipments ecodesign (page
12).

Contents

Portunus for simulation


of power electronics and
mechatronic systems.

Commercial Team - Cedrat.

Busbar design: how to spare


Nanohenries
2006 Flux Users Conference
Padova, Italy.
New version of CIVAnde.

Ecodesign: CEDRAT and


CODDE partners.
>> Industrial applications:

Induction heating: state of


the art of numerical
simulation with Inova.

Using PSCAD for studying


bus transfer transients in a
nuclear power plant.
Soft Magnetic Composite
(SMC) and design of
magnetic actuators
>> Corporate:
CEDRAT and ADAPTED
SOLUTIONS agreement.
>> Agenda:

Having troubles with electrical


motor heating ? Get trained !
IEMDC 2007
Training courses.
Dates to remember.

CEDRAT
15, Ch. de Malacher - Inovalle 38246 MEYLAN Cedex FRANCE
Tel. : +33 (0)4.76.90.50.45 - Fax : +33 (0)4.56.38.08.30
Email: cedrat@cedrat.com - Web: www.cedrat.com
Editing manager : B. Ribard, Managing Director of CEDRAT
and CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-2-

Using PSCAD for Studying Bus Transfer


Transients in a Nuclear Power Plant.
Om NAYAK (Nayak Corporation) and Ravi YEDITHI (Washington Group International).

SCAD/EMTDC was used by


Washington Group International
for performing a fast bus transfer
study on Entergy Corp.s IPEC Energy
Center Indian Point 2 (IP2). The
simulation model consisted of about
50 induction motors both at the 6.9kV
and 480V voltage levels with dynamic
load torques, nine (9) transformers,
tap changers, a bus transfer scheme,
bus faults, load sequencing, more than
70 breakers, cables, and transmission
lines. The top level diagram of the
PSCAD case constructed from connected
page components is shown below in
Figure 1.
This study analyzed the IP2 electrical
distribution system for a Safety Injection
(SI) load sequencing event, including
the motor starting transients, and
fast bus transfer of the Unit Auxiliary
Transformer (UAT) loads to the Station
Auxiliary Transformer (SAT) with a 6
cycle dead-bus time. A Safety Injection
(SI) is the process that provides borated
water to cool the reactor core in the
event of a loss of coolant accident
(LOCA).
The objective of this analysis was to
determine the terminal voltage proles
of all the safety related motors for a
given sequence of motor starting and
operation during the rst 58 seconds
after the SI event to make sure that the
motors can operate within their specied
range. The study also addressed the
impact of voltage variation at the 138kV
Buchanan substation that feeds the SAT,
initial tap positions and fault conditions.
The case was set up to study 12 cases
(scenarios) with 8 parameters important
to organize the case in a systematic way
to minimize the potential for error in
data entry and version control.
The case was arranged in three
hierarchical levels: top level, 6.9 kV
and up, and 480 Volts. All the case
parameters were set in one location
using table components which are
selected by a selector switch input. See
PSCAD programming blocks below in
Figures 2 and 3. The case parameters
were passed to other modules through
import/export connections. Thus, any
case could be simulated by simply
changing the case selector switch.
Since this was a nuclear safety related
study, only nuclear certied software
can be used. PSCAD was veried and
validated according to Software Quality
Assurance (SQA) regulatory guides

Figure 1: Indian Point 2 Nuclear Power Plant PSCAD Circuit.

Figure 2: Case Setting Control Interface.

Figure 3: Case Settings Definition.


(continued on page 3)

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

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Using PSCAD for Studying Bus Transfer


Transients in a Nuclear Power Plant. (continued)
Om NAYAK (Nayak Corporation) and Ravi YEDITHI (Washington Group International).
and Washington Group International
SQA procedures prior to the study.
The results of PSCAD were veried and
validated against other nuclear certied
analysis tools, such as power ow and
other transient analysis programs.
Where appropriate, verification was
performed using hand calculations and
proofs. Samples of output are shown
in Figure 4 for the 6.9kV bus, and
Figure 5 for the 480 volt bus. PSCAD
results matched within 0.5% taking into
consideration differences in the methods
of analysis and modeling details. Figure
4: 6.9 kV Bus Voltage During SI and Fast
Bus Transfer.
The study determined successful bus
transfer capability of IP2 in all cases. As
a result of the successful conclusion of
this study, PSCAD/EMTDC is now in use
by Washington Group for other nuclear
safety related studies.

Figure 4: 6.9 kV
Bus Voltage During
SI and Fast Bus
Transfer.

Figure 5: 480 V
Bus Voltage During
SI and Fast Bus
Transfer.

CIVAs successes and new patch.


Fabrice FOUCHER , Cedrat.

006 ended with great worldwide successes for CIVAnde . For various applications, CIVAnde shows it
ability to model NDE systems and its dedication to this application that makes it the most advanced
solution for NDE simulation.

Many references adopted CIVAnde in 2006 among them:


Inspection services and products: Veritec Sonomatic,
CETIM, Alstom Power Services, ISPESL, GE Inspection
Technologies,
Aeronautics and space: Loockheed Martin, Bechtel Bettis,
Nuclear: EPRI, BWXT Technologies,
Other transportation industry: Caterpillar, DCN.
2007 starts will a new release of CIVAnde. CIVAnde 8.1 is the
newest version and features various improvements, such
as:
Possibility to import DXF les from Autocad version 14 and
following,
New and fast algorithm to compute delay laws for phased
array,
Import of measurements les from M2M Multi2000 sensors
(up to v 5.01).
CIVAnde 8.1 is already available and will be sent to all customers in the coming weeks.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-4-

CEDRAT and ADAPTED SOLUTIONS


agreement.
Marc VILCOT , Cedrat.

CEDRAT SA and ADAPTED SOLUTIONS


announce a joint agreement. This
strategic partnership allows CEDRAT
to further its presence in the market
of simulation software and ADAPTED
SOLUTIONS strengthen its international
activities.
Under the terms of the agreement
C E D R AT b e c o m e s t h e e x c l u s i v e
distributor of Portunus, the innovative
software solution in the eld of system
design and analysis, thereby completing
the range of simulation products for
electrical engineering tasks offered by
Grenoble based CEDRAT.
Bruno RIBARD, Chief Executive Ofcer
of CEDRAT describes his delight at
the move: Im very happy about
the agreement between ADAPTED
SOLUTIONS and CEDRAT. This will allow
us to strengthen the leading position of
our group in the eld of the modelling of
electrical systems. Now we are able to
offer a complete solution for companies

developing mechatronic systems from


the function design up to the system
integration.
Marko SCHMIDT and Thomas BARUCKI,
founders and directors of ADAPTED
SOLUTIONS, share Mr. RIBARDs delight:
To us the most important issue is the
opportunity to develop our software
within the frame of a comprehensive
software family and with competent
international partners. This agreement
provides ADAPTED SOLUTIONS with the
resources to consolidate the company
and expand our product range.

About Portunus
Portunus offers a combination of different
modelling approaches using networks,
block diagrams and state machines to
facilitate the investigation of systems
behaviour. Possible applications range
from power supplies, power electronic

circuits and drive systems up to controls


and automotive components. In addition
to the analysis of electrical behaviour,
Portunus allows the evaluation of
mechanical and thermal properties.

About ADAPTED
SOLUTIONS
Specialised in systems simulation,
Adapted Solutions supplies innovative
software solutions for simulating
electrical and mechatronic systems
that allow both development costs
and time to market to be reduced.
Working in close collaboration with
its customers and partners, Adapted
Solutions develops solutions dedicated
to their applications.

Portunus features interactive GUI, various descriptions approaches (state machines, block diagram, network) to
model mechatronic systems.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

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Portunus, the newest solution for simulation


of power electronics and mechatronic systems.
Sbastien CADEAU-BELLIARD, Bertrand du PELOUX, Cedrat.

ortunus is a system simulator


that has been developed
especially for the calculation of
mechatronic systems, with a focus on
power electronics and drive. Possible
applications range from the simulation of
drive systems and switched mode power
supplies to investigation of the heating
of electronic components. Several
description approaches (network, block
diagram, state machine) are available for
the simulation of electrical, mechanical
and thermal systems. Both network and
block diagrams being solved with the
same continuous solver, convergence is
reached faster than with other solvers.
With Portunus you may run different
analysis types (simulations in the time

and frequency domain, calculation of


steady-state and operating point). The
effect of parameter variations may be
calculated and displayed automatically.
Alternatively, it can be visualized
using the interactive capabilities of the
software.
Portunus comes with a comprehensive
model library which already includes
simulation models of common electrical
machines and power electronic
topologies. The available interfaces
expand the functionality of Portunus,
e.g. to provide the possibility of the
validation of micro controller source code.
An ergonomic graphical user interface
allows the comfortable description of
the system to be modelled.

The implemented sub-sheet technology


makes it possible to separate subsystems and therefore improve the
clarity of the system representation.
Portunus is not only the ideal tool for
the development of new products;
it provides brilliant opportunities for
educational and training purposes as
well.
Download your free demo at:
www.cedrat.com and benet from
advantageous introduction offer!

Figure 1: Blocks diagram,


electrical circuit and state
machines can be combined in
the same model in Portunus.

Figure 2: Portunus
features various
libraries of
components.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-6-

Induction heating: State of the art of numerical


simulation with INOVA.

Inspired by Prof. F. DUGHIERO and Dr M. FORZAN, Inova Srl. and

Padova University.

uring latest FLUX Users


Conference in Padova, Prof
Dughiero from INOVA presented
some of the most advanced simulations
done for induction heating with FLUX.
Two applications are presented below:

Levitation melting
As shown in gure 1, a workpiece is
located between 3 coils with different
current and frequencies. The aim of this
device will be to heat the workpiece up.
Several computation will be made to
study it completely.

Figure 2: Configuration A. Force along Y axis as function of current and position.

For a value of the high frequency current


set to 1000 Amp and the high frequency
set to 450 kHz, a multiparametric
computation as been made as function
of the position of the workpiece, the
value of the low frequency current and
the coil conguration, to determine the
equilibrium position.
Depending on the conguration, the
power delivered to the workpiece can
be computed as in gures 4 to 7.
The horizontal stability of the workpiece
can be then studied as function of the
equilibrium position: see gure 8.

Figure 3: Configuration B. Force along Y axis as function of current and position.

The animation linked below shows the


practical experience:
www.cedrat.com/applications/
software/doc/MVI_0108.avi.

Figure 4: Configuration C. Force along Y axis as function of current and position.

Figure 5: Configuration A: power delivered to


the workpiece.
Figure 1: The device: the workpiece is located between 3 coils. The upper one (3-3) is
supplied with high frequency while the two other ones are supplies with low frequency.

Figure 6: Configuration B: power delivered to the


workpiece.

(continued on page 7)

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-7-

Induction heating: State of the art of numerical


simulation... (continued)
Inspired by Prof. F. DUGHIERO and Dr M. FORZAN, Inova Srl. and Padova

University.

Transverse ux
heating

Figure 7:
Configuration C:
power delivered to
the workpiece.

Transverse ux heating may be used for


hardening, annealing, hot forming and
rolling, coating and drying thin metal
plates. It features many advantages
compared to longitudinal ux heating:

Energy saving due to high electrical


efciency
Minimum oor space requirements
High process exibility
High induced power densities

Many parameters inuence widely the


design:

Gap between both parts of inductor


Pole pitch
Distance between strip edge and
inductor coils edges
Magnetic core geometry
End connections of inductors in
case of multiple sections

Figure 8:
Horizontal stability

Considering this number of parameters,


3D simulations are needed to optimise
this type of inductors.
Coupled to optimisation procedure, 3D
simulations allow to vary frequency,
number of coils and coil geometry
to reach one of the technological
requirement: homogeneity of the
temperature distribution in the strip
cross section. Simulations with FLUX
(see gures 9 to 11) allowed to reach 3
to 5 % homogeneity in the strip cross
section.

2006 The 5th International Symposium


on Electromagnetic Processing of
Materials, Sendai (Japan), October
23-27, 2006, 220-225, ISBN 4-930980
C3057.

Reference
Bullo M., Dughiero F., Forzan M. Lupi
S.,: Double Frequency Longitudinal
Levitator Laboratory Prototype, EPM

Figure 9: One pole of the inductor.

Figure 10: Power in the strip.

Figure 11: Comparison between measurements and several


simulation methods (with or without motion).
N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-8-

Busbar Design: How to Spare Nanohenries ?


Simulations with InCa.
JM.Guichon (1), J.Aim (1), JL.Schanen (1), C.Martin (1), J.Roudet (1),

E.Clavel

(1)

, M.Arpillire

(2)

, R.Pasterczyk

(3)

,Y.Le Floch

ntroduction

Power Electronics often requires


very low inductive interconnections,
especially in the medium-high power
range. The most common solution to
reach stray inductance values around
some tens of nanohenries and even
below is to use a busbar structure. This
simple assembly of copper sheets is
intended to link several points of the
structure, and to stay as equipotential
as possible.
This part of a power electronics converter
seems obvious to design, however,
this is not so simple: mechanical
considerations, economical constraints
can lead to modify the rst geometry
proposed by electrical engineers. Some
small changes during the mechanical
design, decided by non specialist
engineers, may lead to dramatic increase
of the stray inductance.
The aim of this paper is to start from
the most basic busbar, a simple sheet,
and to show the various impacts of
a change in the geometry, on both
current repartition in the plate, and
impedance of the interconnection. Then,
multilayer busbars will be investigated,
using industrial examples. The effect
of the number of layers, of the position
and shape of all necessary holes and
apertures will be studied.
This study will be achieved using
simulations, using InCa and PEEC
method (Partial Element Equivalent
Circuit), which has shown a great ability
to handle all complex structures of
power electronics, compared to more
conventional Finite Elements Methods.
Indeed, PEEC method uses integral
formulations, which avoid the meshing
of the air.
Some measurements are also provided,
in order to conrm the conclusions of
the simulations. As a conclusion, some
interesting design rules are given, which
may be useful to avoid the degradation
of the electrical properties of a busbar
(e.g. the stray inductance), when going
outside the electrical engineering to
enter into the mechanical design

The Most Basic Busbar


The role of a busbar is to link several
points of a power electronics converter:
capacitors, semiconductors, and often
to achieve series or parallel association
of these devices. The very basic concept
is to use a simple copper sheet. Indeed,
it can be shown that a at conductor
exhibits a smaller inductance than a
massive one (Fig. 1). Another well
known property is that the copper

(4)

- 1 LEG, 2 Schneider Toshiba Inverter Europe (STIE), 3 MGE UPS SYSTEM, 4 CEDRAT.

volume also brings an impedance


reduction. The resistance but also the
inductance decrease, with the increase
of the amount of copper. Additionally,
thermal and mechanical behaviour are
improved, for larger sheet thickness.
However, price and weight increase in
the same time, what is not desired.
When using a simple copper sheets,
a drawback may be a large unbalance
between the different access points. The
example of Fig. 2 illustrates this effects,
in the case of two paralleled IGBT
modules. To compensate this unbalance,
apertures in the sheet can be machined,
as shown in Fig. 3.
However, it may be seen in Table 1
that if the current is well balanced,
the aperture results in an increase of
partial inductance, especially the one
of Branch1.
An interesting property of holes and
various apertures in conductors is as
follows: the effect of a hole on the
inductance value can be very different
if it is located in the middle of the sheet,
or near the edges. Indeed, in this latter
case, the external magnetic field is
greatly modied. Therefore, it can be
shown that inserting a hole in the middle
of a copper plane has less repercussion
on its impedance than machining
apertures on the edges. This property,
linked to the modication of the external
eld, will be illustrated in section IV, on
the example of an industrial busbar.

Fig. 1. Influence of the shape of the cross section


of the sheet on its partial inductance, for the same
copper volume.

Fig. 2. Example of two single sheets to


achieve a parallel association of two IGBTs
(Branch1 B1, and Branch2 B2).

Two Layers Busbar


Even if a copper sheet is less inductive
than conventional wires, the stray
inductance is still too high regarding
the large current variations of power
electronics. Thus, the next step is to
use two close sheets: it allows to reduce
the inductance, taking advantage of
the large coupling between the sheets.
Indeed, the equivalent inductance of a
set of two sheets is equal to Ls1+Ls22.Ms12, and the Ms12 value may be very
large, as illustrated in the example of
Fig. 4. In this example, two sheets are
associated to insure the link between a
source and two paralleled capacitors.
It is clear that the overlap between the
two conductors is a key point to reach
low inductance.
Another interesting point of this strong
coupling is that it provides an important
immunity related to external magnetic
interferences. Indeed, the two plates
see nearly the same magnetic eld,
which induces more or less the same
voltage: therefore, the differential
voltage between the two sheets is nearly
zero. Numerical simulations have been

Fig. 3. Optimized aperture to better


balance the currents in Branch 1 and
Branch 2. Some refilled holes.

Without Aperture

Current (% I)

Branch 1

84%

Inductance
73nH

Branch 2

16%

144nH

Without Aperture

Current (% I)

Inductance

Branch 1

50.67%

155nH

Branch 2

49.33%

157nH

Table 1. Inductance values of Branch1 and


Branch 2 path. Comparison without and with the
aperture.
(continued on page 9)

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

-9-

Busbar Design: How to Spare Nanohenries ?


(continued)

JM.Guichon (1), J.Aim (1), JL.Schanen (1), C.Martin (1), J.Roudet (1), E.Clavel (1), M.Arpillire (2), R.Pasterczyk (3),Y.Le Floch (4)

- 1 LEG, 2 Schneider Toshiba Inverter Europe (STIE), 3 MGE UPS SYSTEM, 4 CEDRAT.

carried out in a specic case: starting


from a coupling coefficient of 0.96
between two sheets, this coefcient falls
to 0.024 if the two sheets are replaced
by two busbars.
If the use of two layers busbars reduces
drastically the inductance, the problem
of current repartition between all
components connected to the busbar
may still be present. For instance, Fig. 5
depicts the realization of an inverter leg,
using two paralleled IGBTs. Due to the
dissymmetry of the power bus location
(on the bottom of the busbar in the
gure), the designers may try to insert
some slits as in the case of the sheet of
section II. However, in this case, it has
no impact on the current repartition, as
illustrated in Table 2. This is due to the
current path, which is very different in
this geometry, and implies many mutual
couplings. This example shows how
intuition is tricky in electromagnetism
Table 3 shows that the loop inductance
of each path of the busbar (either
through IGBTs 1 and 3, or 2 and 4)
is in the range of 80 nH, what is high
compared to the result of the ideal
case of Fig. 4 (more or less the same
dimensions). This is due to the fact that
the plus and minus sheets are not
stacked together: therefore, the mutual
coefcient is low.
Another geometry would greatly reduce
the inductance: in fact this busbar is
a two layer technology, but takes no
advantages from the overlap between
arrival and return path , like in Fig. 4top. Unfortunately, since there is a
need of three different potentials in
this application (DC Bus and output
phase), three sheets of copper are
needed, and the best geometry would
be a three layer busbar, which implies
a higher cost.

Multilayer Busbar and


Industrial Example
Let us now consider an industrial example
using a more complex multilayer
busbar. It is the classical variable
speed application, using a three phases
rectier, feeding a three phases voltage
inverter, including an additional chopper,
for braking purpose. The busbar of
Fig. 6 contains all the interconnects for
this application. Three IGBT modules
are connected to V1, V2, V3, and the
additional module for braking circuit is
connected to Vac.
The first remark before analysing
this busbar is that all conductive
sheets do not participate directly to the
switching cell. At the very top, a set
of two conductors (yellow) forms an

independent busbar, which links a rectier


to the inverter (feeding the DC bus). At
the very bottom a dedicated conductor
(dark blue) connects the DC bus to a
braking circuit, using another IGBT.
Even if these additional conductors do
not participate to the switching cell,
they may modify a little the magnetic
eld, and thus the stray inductance.
To investigate this possibility, two
simulations have been carried out,
one with the complete geometry, and
the other keeping the active plates
only. The aim of these simulations was
to compute 4 impedance: the braking
circuit switching cell inductance (Vac)
and the three inductances seen from
the IGBT modules of the inverter (V1,
V2 and V3). To close the loops, the
capacitors (connected between the black
plates and the grey and cyan ones) have
been short circuited.
Simulations have been carried out
at 1 MHz, which corresponds to the
equivalent frequency of the IGBTs
transitions. The results show the very
little inuence of the additional plates
on the stray inductance of the busbar:
the differences are less than 1%. This
is in good coherence with the remark
of section III: the inuence of external
conductors on the loop inductance of a
busbar is weak.
The rest of the paper will thus focus only
on the three actives sheets of copper:
the DC Bus (cyan and grey) and the
capacitor interconnection (black).
The rst design of this busbar, from
electrical engineers, is described in
Fig. 7. This busbar will be referred as
EEBB in the following. Compared to
the version of Fig. 6, referred as MEBB,
some small modifications can be
noticed: additional holes have been
added by mechanical engineers.
The four switching cells are used for
comparison purpose. The signication of
this matrix can be explained as follows:
the inductance L11 is obtained when
feeding loop V1 with a current, and
measuring voltage across loop V1.
In the same idea, L32 is obtained when
feeding loop V3, and measuring across
V2. This is illustrated in Fig. 8.
The current source is a rising current,
and voltage drop measurement allows
the determination of the element of
the impedance matrix. Table 4 shows
the impedance matrix of the electrical
engineers busbar, EEBB (Fig. 7). To be
noticed that all terms of this impedance
matrix exhibit a real and an imaginary
part, since the circuits have many
common parts. The order of magnitude
of the measurements results (16.6 nH
vs 19.9 estimated) is correct, taking

Fig. 4. Two layers busbar with identical


external dimensions Top: Perfect overlap
results in a low inductance Bottom: A not
complete overlap implies a reduced mutual
coupling and a higher loop inductance.

Fig. 5: Two layers IGBT busbar for inverter leg.

I1

I2

I3

I4

Initial

51.95%

48.05%

53.01%

46.99%

with slits

49.75%

50.25%

50.01%

49.99%

Table 2. Current repartition between the four IGBTs.

Simulation with slits


Simulation without slits

L1-3

L2-4

95.6nH

87.1nH

81nH

88nH

Table 3. Comparison between 2 loop inductances.

(continued on page 10)

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

- 10 -

Busbar Design: How to Spare Nanohenries ?


(continued)

JM.Guichon (1), J.Aim (1), JL.Schanen (1), C.Martin (1), J.Roudet (1), E.Clavel (1), M.Arpillire (2), R.Pasterczyk (3),Y.Le Floch (4)

- 1 LEG, 2 Schneider Toshiba Inverter Europe (STIE), 3 MGE UPS SYSTEM, 4 CEDRAT.

into account the difculty of measurement (parasitic coupling


between the feeding circuit and the busbar, non perfect short
circuits to replace capacitors).
Table 5 shows the impedance matrix of MEBB busbar.
Compared to the results of the EEBB busbar, the modications
brought by mechanical engineers have depredated the busbar
quality: a degradation between 16% and 40% in all switching
loop inductances has been found.

Conclusion
The aim of this paper was to give design rules for the electrical
engineer faced to a busbar. Some of them are well known:
using large sheets, multilayer if possible, and overlapping as
much as possible the return path with the rest of the structure.
Some others are not obvious, such as the inuence of holes
and apertures. In this case, intuition becomes often useless,
and simulation useful
(*) extracts from the paper busbar design: how to spare
nanohenries published at IAS 2006. Complete paper with
references can be asked at software@cedrat.com.
Real []

Vac

V3

V2

V1

Vac

264,71

-105,29

-93,45

-75,81

V3

-105,29

134,27

88,53

74,31

V2

-93,45

88,53

122,03

87,09

V1

-75,81

74,31

87,09

134,97

Imag.[nH]

Vac

V3

V2

V1

Vac

39,27

-19,27

-18,75

-18,44

V3

-19,27

26,91

19,86

18,62

V2

-18,75

19,86

26,17

19,59

V1

-18,44

18,62

19,59

27,15

Real []

Vac

V3

V2

V1

Vac

308,96

-135,45

-122,91

-101,95

V3

-135,45

167,48

116,71

99,74

V2

-122,91

116,71

153,05

114,93

V1

-101,95

99,74

114,93

168,35

Imag.[nH]

Vac

V3

V2

V1

Vac

46,66

-27,10

-26,45

-26,03

V3

-27,10

34,78

27,48

26,20

V2

-26,45

27,48

33,86

27,14

V1

-26,23

26,20

27,14

35,00

Table 4: Values of
impedance matrix
from electrical
engineers busbar.
Real part in ,
imaginary part in nH
(computed at 1MHz)

Table 5: Values of
impedance matrix
from mechanical
engineers busbar.
Real part in ,
imaginary part in nH
(computed at 1MHz).

Fig. 6. Multilayer busbar for a complete inverter. On the top of


the figure: Electrical scheme with the same colours of the busbar
copper sheets.

Fig. 7. The initial geometry proposed by electrical engineers,


with an highlight on the modifications proposed by the
mechanical staff (Fig. 6).

Get trained to InCa in March !


A complete 2 day seminar will be attended March 7-8 2007
in Grenoble. General and practical
knowledge of InCa will be provided to
attendees. 3 months free evaluation of
InCa will also be provided.

Fig. 8. Experimental setup to test the


busbar: L32 Measurement.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

- 11 -

A message from the General Chair !

Site Contents
Home

The review process of about 30 submissions is still in


progress.

Call For Papers

Click here for a partial list of accepted papers

Chairs & Committee

The oral and poster classification will be announced after all


reviews have been completed.

Plenary Speakers
Final Paper Submission
Important Dates
Registration

IEMDC 2007

Special Sessions
Travel & Accom.

Welcome!

Exhibition Booths

The first International Electric Machines and Drives


Conference (IEMDC) was held in 1997, jointly sponsored by
the IEEE Power Engineering Society and the IEEE
Industrial Electronics Society in response to the need for
an international conference on electric machines and drives.
The Industry Application Society and the Power
Electronics Society decided in 1998 to be co-sponsors and
since then the conference is jointly sponsored by the named
four societies of IEEE.

VENUE HOTEL
Other Accommodation
About Antalya

IEMDC 2007 is intended top be a gathering for users,


designers, and analysts of electric machines and
drives, and related power electronics and controls. It
offers an excellent opportunity for the presentation of
technical papers to an international forum for sharing new
ideas, experience, and advances in design, control and
analysis of electrical machines, and drive systems, analysis,
new materials utilization, and optimization techniques for
electrical machine drive systems, and drive components
including all varieties and sizes of electric machinery.
Practical applications, operations, maintenance, and the
development and harmonizing international standards
related to electric machines and drives are also included.
e-mail: okyay.kaynak@boun.edu.tr

Prof. Okyay Kaynak


Bogazici University, Istanbul

okyay.kaynak@boun.edu.tr

Prof. Herbert L. Hess


University of Idaho, Moscow

hhess@ieee.org

The rst International Electric Machines and Drives Conference (IEMDC) was held in 1997, jointly sponsored by the IEEE Power
Engineering Society and the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society in response to the need for an international conference on electric
machines and drives. The Industry Application Society and the Power Electronics Society decided in 1998 to be co-sponsors and
since then the conference is jointly sponsored by the named four societies of IEEE.
IEMDC 2007 is intended top be a gathering for users, designers, and analysts of electric machines and drives, and related power
electronics and controls. It offers an excellent opportunity for the presentation of technical papers to an international forum for
sharing new ideas, experience, and advances in design, control and analysis of electrical machines, and drive systems, analysis,
new materials utilization, and optimization techniques for electrical machine drive systems, and drive components including all
varieties and sizes of electric machinery. Practical applications, operations, maintenance, and the development and harmonizing
international standards related to electric machines and drives are also included
The nal program of IEMDC 2007 is expected to compromise of 370 regular session papers, about 40 special session papers
and 3 plenaries.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

- 12 -

CEDRAT and CODDE, Partners for Electric and


Electronic Equipments Ecodesign.
Sbastien CADEAU-BELLIARD, Cedrat.

EDRAT and CODDE (COnception


Dveloppement Durable
Environnement) announced today
their partnership to couple EIME,
CODDEs software package, to CEDRATs
FLUX and InCa. This software link will
allow users to evaluate in early stages of
design, the environmental contribution
of electrical devices all along their life
cycle. Environmental parameters will
then be accounted for from design and
optimisation of systems.
Widely used in industry to analyse, design
and optimise electric and electronic
devices, FLUX (for electromagnetic
and thermal simulation of devices,
systems and processes) and InCa
(to model electrical connections in
micro-electronics, power electronics or
electrical distribution) now communicate
with EIME, that allows to compute
environmental contribution of electric
and electronic devices, including polluting
emissions and resources or power
consumption when manufacturing,
distributing or using these devices.

Marc Vilcot, sales director of CEDRAT,


notes that "environmental considerations
are accounted for earlier and earlier
when designing products. Through the
impetus given by Schneider Electric
when contracting CEDRAT, we can
now propose to all our customers the
possibility to study the environmental
impact of simulated devices, at early
stages of design".
"For Schneider Electric, it is the result
of a methodological process aiming to
quantify the environmental value to
products and solutions we develop. It
is also an issue to promote a consistent
offer with energy efciency policies and
long-term planning scenarios" states
Claude Grelier, Research Director at
Schneider Electric.
"Beyond a simple marketing approach,
sustainable development is a strategic
process for companies allowing them to
respond to regulations requirements,
but also to market pressure linked to
the increasing costs of energy and raw

materials. Building this strategy requires


to know products and systems impacts.
Our goal is to help in getting this piece of
information and facilitate the spreading
of electric and electronic equipment
ecodesign" concludes Linda LESCUYER,
Director of CODDE.
About CODDE
Initiated by the French electric and
electronic industries federation in 2003,
CODDE is already worldwide recognized
for its expertise in electrical, electronic
and mechanical ecodesign. More than
a software package, EIME methodology
stands on two key features: a method
to compute environmental impact
of products and systems as well as
material and electronic components
databases.
More information at www.codde.fr
or codde@codde.fr

Schneider Electric, Magsoft and CEDRAT invited to the


12th United Nations Climate Change Conference
The conference http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_12/items/3754.php
Nairobi, Kenya (November 6-17 2006)
About 7.000 people including:
Governments
Intergovernmental organisations (AIEA, UNICEF, World Bank)
Ofcial observatories (European Space Agency, Respond to climate changes,
International Chamber of Commerce, governmental agencies...) giving accreditation to
industrial contributors
Accredited NGO (Greenpeace)

Next conference will be in Asia

Schneider participation
A communication gathering:
Schneider Electric
CEDRAT (Meylan) et Magsoft Corp. (USA)
Laboratoire dElectrotechnique de Grenoble
Ecole des Mines de Paris

Accreditation by the UN Observatory "respond to climate changes":


Online proceedings at: http://www.rtcc.org/2007/html/soc_priv_sec_schneider.html

Invited communication by the session of the International Chamber of Commerce:


"Technology as a Solution to Climate Change"
Online report at: http://www.iisd.ca/climate/cop12/enbots/9nov.html
Schneider Electric, Magsoft and CEDRAT invited to the 12th United Nations Climate Change
Conference, Vincent Mazauric, Schneider Electric.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

SOFTWARE>>

- 13 -

2006 FLUX Users Conference


Padova, Italy.
Sbastien CADEAU-BELLIARD, Cedrat.

006 FLUX Users Conference brought


together customers, users and
CEDRAT staff to discuss about
their applications and needs about
software solutions for electrical and
mechatronic engineering in Padova,
Italy. The presentations as well as social
events (visit of Scrovegni Chapel) made
this Conference an informative and
enjoyable moment.

Informative &
enjoyable conference
The international attendance (17
different countries represented) made
this event meet worldwide experts in
electrical and mechatronic elds. Their
questionnaire returns show their large
interest in our software solutions. The
strategy shown in our presentations and
demonstration of future product seems
to have been clearly understood and
largely approved. The support provided
during this users conference was a great
plus to this event.

Pre-conference trainings
CEDRAT provided various trainings,
either technical or related to software.
Half a day dedicated to Theory of
induction heating or magnetic materials
was followed by 1,5 day dedicated to
the use of FLUX for various applications:
electrical motors, linear actuators,
induction heating and CAD import and
electric eld computation.

Schneider Electric
2006 Industrial Partner.

Marc Vilcot, sales director of CEDRAT,


congratulates Schneider Electric,
represented by Vincent Leconte, for the
2006 Industrial Partner Award.

ith years of fruitful collaboration, Schneider Electric was


awarded during this year Users Conference in Padova with the
2006 Industrial Partner award. It rewards the long history of
our relations (started with Tlmcanique) that saw number of innovations
such as the worldwide licence for the whole Schneider Electric group.
This shows also the signicant importance of the partnership for CEDRAT
and our policy to develop collaboration with our customers: training, new
development or on-the-self product, all our competencies to help you developing
new products and gaining new markets.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

ELEKTRA>>

- 14 -

Soft Magnetic Composite (SMC) and design of


magnetic actuators.
Fabrice MARION, Patrick MENEROUD, Grgory MAGNAC, Cedrat Technologies S.A.

he magnetic circuit of the most


magnetic actuators like rotating
actuators (induction motors,
synchronous generators,) or linear
actuators (motors for electro-valve
or circuit breaker,) are realized with
copper and iron.
Amp-turns are injected thanks to
copper and iron leads magnetic eld
and make energy conversion more
efcient.
It is necessary to well know the
behaviour of ferromagnetic materials
which constitute Iron part of the
circuit.
On magnetic macroscopic level, it
means that we have to know the relation
between the current we put into the
coil wounded on the magnetic circuit
and the corresponding surface density
inside it.
Generally, the magnetic characterization
is achieved with the torus method. We
use a ring which is equipped with two
windings (eld winding to magnetize the
circuit and a measurement coil to read
the corresponding ux density). The
characterizations are realised for our
customers or for our own applications.
Currently, the data base of CEDRAT
TECHNOLOGIES is roughly composed
of 20 materials. Among them, we nd
two Soft Magnetic Composite (SMC):
Somaloy 500 (0.5% Kenolube) and
Somaloy 3P (0.3 % Lube).
For the last two materials , our results
of characterization are in accordance
with those indicated on the supplier data
sheet (HOGANAS).
These results were obtained with torus
specimen whose geometric shape is
simple. Note that for more complex
geometric shape, the homogeneity of
the magnetic characteristics will be
a criterion to take into consideration
especially within the manufacturing
process of FEDERAL MOGUL.
To illustrate the behaviour of SMC
materials, we considered a linear
magnetic actuator like a contactor.
This device is made up with a eld coil to
inject Amp-turns in the magnetic circuit
and then to create magnetic eld H.
The magnetic circuit has two parts: the
static and the moving parts which are
realized with ferromagnetic materials.
At a magnetic point of view, the aim of
these two parts is to drive the ux and
to increase its surface density. Between
these two parts there is the air-gap
(Figure 1)

Taking into consideration the difference


between the relative permeability of the
air and the ferromagnetic one , we can
say that magnetic energy in material can
be neglected. Energy is concentrated in
air-gaps of the related magnetic circuit.
Magnetic energy is at the origin of the
magnetic force which will stand between
static and moving part of the actuator.
In our case, the expression of the
global magnetic force is described by
the following equation (1) where B is
the magnetic induction in the air-gap,
S is the area of the air-gap and 0 is
magnetic permeability of vacuum.

Numerical computations were realized


in 3D environment of FLUX to evaluate
the magnetic force and the ux through
the coil.
Three materials were considered:
laminated FeSi, Carbon Steel and a SMC
(X Somaloy 3P).

Figure 1: Linear actuator E shape .

Figure 2: Resulting magnetic force


considering different kinds of materials.

In a first step, magnetostatic


computations were realized for different
values of eld currents.
Important differences are noticed
(g. 2) between results we get with
laminated FeSi and those we get with
SMC. The best results are obtained with
laminations.
Moreover, we showed that changing
the E shape of the structure into an
axisymetric shape, (axisymetric shape
is authorised by the SMC technology),
was not sufficient to compensate
the degradation of the magnetic
characteristic of the material.
This means, that at magnetostatic
condition, the interest in the SMC
material is not linked with the magnetic
properties but with the possibility to
realize specic shapes for the magnetic
circuit.
Thanks to that it will be possible to
reduce the cost of material (in particular
copper,) or the manufacturing cost.
(according to the number of pieces to
produce).
In a second step, we analyzed the
functioning of an axisymetric actuator
(g. 3 & 4) when physical parameters
are not constant Vs time (in particular,
magnetic induction).
This time, computations were realized in
2D environment of FLUX with transient
and magneto-harmonic solver.

Figure 3: Linear actuator axisymetric type.

Figure 4: Linear actuator axisymetric type


Magnetic induction level.

Figure 5: Current induced in field coil.


(continued on page 15)

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

ELEKTRA>>

- 15 -

Soft Magnetic Composite (SMC) and design of


magnetic actuators. (continued)
Fabrice MARION, Patrick MENEROUD, Grgory MAGNAC, Cedrat Technologies S.A.
To illustrate our study, four materials
were considered: A carbon Steel, a
stainless steel and two SMC (Somaloy
500 and X Somaloy 3P).
We analysed the evolution of the eld
current (gure 5) and the magnetic force
applied on the moving part (gure 6)
versus time when the device, powered
by a voltage source, is subjected to a
voltage step.
This time, the results we get show a
great advantage for the SMC materials.
Indeed, the high value of their resistivity
makes the eddy current decreasing.
Then, the response time for the
magnetic induction diffusion in matter
is decreasing too.
Thus, magnetic induction is established
faster in the air gap. The same for the
corresponding magnetic force.
Finally, we evaluated the impact of
the AC steady state. To make this, we
considered an AC current source with a
frequency varying from 0 to 400 Hz.
From there, we computed the evolution of
the magnetic force versus the frequency
of the current source (gure 7).
One more time, a great advantage
is obtained from SMC. Indeed, for
Somaloy 500 and X-Somaloy 3P, we get
a quasi constant magnetic force versus
frequency (from 0 to 400 Hz).

decreasing and skin depth is increasing.


Thanks to that, we get a more efcient
use of the matter.
For the design of magnetic actuators,
it is necessary to take into account all
the previous aspects in order to get
an optimized design at economic and
technologic level.
The parametrical study realized in 3D
FLUX environment, will enable us to
take into consideration electrical and
magnetic properties of materials and
the shape of the 3D geometry.
The electrical circuit linked to the control
of the actuator (electrical source,
regulation,), and the mechanical
dynamic of the device will have to be
modelled.
Today, it is possible and necessary to
use tools and methods of analysis to
consider the whole active parameters
linked to the physical phenomena. To
reach the best results, correct criteria
(with their weighting) have to be
chosen.
This is what Cedrat Technologies has
done to develop its new Moving Iron
Controllable Actuator (MICA) with SMC
materials (MICA 40 and MICA 200).
You can see the performances we are
used to get on the following gures (8
to 10).

Figure 6: Resulting magnetic force.

Figure 7: Magnetic force applied on the


moving part versus frequency of AC source.

Acknowledgements:
As a conclusion, to introduce isotropic
ferromagnetic materials such as the
SMC inside magnetic actuators (linear or
rotating), it is necessary to reconsider
the design of active parts of associated
magnetic circuits in order to cumulate
the potential prots on both technical
and economical point of view.
For continuous mode (magnetostatic
mode), the interest for the SMC is linked
to the fact that they offer the possibility
to realize complex geometrical shape.
That can be more efcient to improve
the behaviour of magnetic circuit.
(matter prot for example,)
We can note that, relative permeability
of SMC (like X-Somaloy 3P) reaches a
reasonable value.
This will be true if the air-gaps of
actuators we have to consider are
sizeable.
However, at an electromagnetic level,
the great advantage of the SMC is linked
with the variable modes (transient or AC
steady states).
The high value of the resistivity limits
eddy currents. The response time of
magnetic induction diffusion in matter is

CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES thanks


OSEO-ANVAR to have supported the
development of the rst Moving Iron
Controllable Actuator developed in
Cedrat Technologies.

Figure 8: CAD assembly of the MICA-40.

Figure 9: MICA 40 (40 N 3 mm)Force


independent of frequency (thanks to SMC).
Figure 10: Performances of the MICA 40.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

ELEKTRA>>
SMC

(1)

- 16 -

seminar met a great success !

Fabrice MARION - Cedrat Technologies.

t the end of 2006, a 2-day


seminar on SMCs topic, was
jointly organized by HGANS
(world leader in the production of
SMC materials) , FEDERAL MOGUL
TRANSMISSION EUROPE (leading
company in producing net-shape
components by Powder Metallurgy), and
CEDRAT group whose aim is to propose
innovative solutions in the electrical
and mechatronic elds, ranging from
the development of software tools to
the study, design and manufacture of
systems.
From optimized design of magnetic
devices (linear and rotating actuators) to
the realization of active parts in magnetic
circuit, the paper showed different
aspects relative to the implementation
and the use of this kind of materials. The
previous article is illustrating CEDRATs
paper during this event.
The industrial people from the electrical
engineering community, come in large
numbers to this seminar (see photo
hereafter), showed a great interest in
SMCs technology.

A visit of FEDERAL MOGUL manufacturing


plant in OLORON SAINTE-MARIE ended
this event.
If you need further information, feel free
to contact us. We will be able to help
you in making your applications evolve
to this technology.
(1) SMC (Soft Magnetic Composite) is
the recognized name for compacted and
heat-treated metal powder components
with three-dimensional (3D) magnetic
properties. SMC materials are composed
of surface-insulated
metal powder particles
that are compacted to
form complex shaped
components with
isotropic properties.

Prototypes in illustration.

Nearly 60 industrial
people in the
audience.

CEDRAT Technologies distributor of patented


piezoelectric SQUIGGLE motors in Europe.
Lisa SCHAERTL & Fred HAAS - NewScale Technologies ; Thomas MAILLARD - Cedrat Technologies.

ictor, NY New Scale Technologies,


Inc. today announced that
C E D R AT Te c h n o l o g i e s w i l l
d i s t r i b u t e N e w S c a l e s p a t e n t e d
piezoelectric SQUIGGLE motors in
Europe. SQUIGGLE motors are tiny
ultrasonic linear motors that enable
customers to create smaller products.
CEDRAT has extensive experience with
piezoelectric actuators and motors, and
is well-regarded throughout Europe for
its expertise in engineering and technical
support, said Fred Haas, sales manager
at New Scale Technologies. We are
pleased to extend our distribution
network in Europe to support the
growing demand for our patented
ceramic motors.
The SQUIGGLE motor from New
Scale is the worlds smallest linear
motor, with very impressive push force
and resolution, said Thomas Maillard,
sales & marketing engineer at CEDRAT.
Adding to CEDRATs extensive line of
piezoelectric actuators, the SQUIGGLE
motor opens new possibilities for our
customers to create smaller instruments
and electronic devices.

About New Scale Technologies,


Inc.
New Scale Technologies, Inc. (www.
newscaletech.com) makes miniature
ceramic motors that enable our customers
to create smaller products and research
tools. Our piezoelectric SQUIGGLE
motors are smaller, more efficient
and more precise than conventional
motors. With very few parts and no
gears, this patented piezoelectric
motor design uses ultrasonic vibrations
to create precise linear motion.
New Scales miniature motors are
compatible with extreme environments
including vacuum, very low (sub-Kelvin)
temperatures, and high magnetic
elds. They are used in nanotechnology
research, microelectronics, optics,
lasers, biotechnology, medical devices,
aerospace and defense, uid control,
and ofce/consumer products including
mobile phone cameras. SQUIGGLE is
a registered trademark of NewScale
Technologies, Inc.

Piezoelectric SQUIGGLE motors

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N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

AGENDA
AGENDA

- 17 Having troubles with electrical


motor heating ?

Need to optimise your machines including the


critical thermal considerations ?
Discover how much a simple thermal analysis can improve your designs of electrical
machines!
For applications where thermal analysis is critical such as servos, aerospace,
automotive applications and many others, get trained to Thermal Analysis of
Electrical Machines.
Complete knowledge (theoretical,
practical, rules of thumbs) will be
provided by the internationally
renowned expert Dr Staton from
Motor Design Ltd, UK.
Sessions will be attended 25-27 April
2007 at CEDRAT's headquarters in Grenoble.
Limited number of seats.

Dates to
remember

February 14-15 2007 (Cedrat Technologies)


IPOT 2007, Machine Vision and Displays Technology, NEC Birmingham, United Kingdom.
February 14-15 2007 (Maccon)
ANTRIEBSTECHNIK, Easy Fairs Drive Technology, Dortmund,
Germany.
February 25, March 1st 2007 (Magsoft)
APEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA.
March 28-30 2007 (Indielec)
ICREPQ, Sevilla, Spain.
March 19-21 2007 (SI Scintic Instruments)
Physics Conference, Dusserldorf, Germany.
March 20-22 2007 (A&P Instruments)
Laser China, Shangai, China.
March 26-30 2007 (SI Scintic Instruments)
Physics Conference, Regensburg, Germany.

March 27-30 2007 (Keystone)


Applied Physics Exhibition, Aoyama Gakuin Uni Sagamihara
Campus, Japan.

Apply now at training@cedrat.com.


Two months loan of Motor-CAD software package
(dedicated to thermal study of electrical machines)
will be offered to all attendees at the end of the
seminar.

April 25-27 2007 (Keystone)


Laser Expo'07, Pacico Yokohama, Japan.
May 3-5 2007 (Cedrat)
IEMDC, Antalya, Turkey.

Training courses

May 20-23 2007 (Magsoft)


IEEE/ESTS, Arlington, Virginia (VA), USA.
May 21-24 2007 (Applied Magnetics, Cedrat)
CIRED (19TH international conference & exhibition on electricity
distribution), Vienna, Austria.
May 22-24 2007 (Maccon, Motor Design Ltd, Cedrat, Speed Lab)
CWIEME 2007, Berlin, Germany.

February 14-16 2007


Active materials and actuators

June 13-15 2007


December 5-7 2007
PSCAD Introductory course

March 7-8 2007


InCa introductory course

June 19-21 2007


Magnetic linear actuators

March 14-16 2007


November 20-22 2007
FLUX (2D) introductory course

September 19-20 2007


FLUX and the command language PyFlux

March 14-16 2007


November 20-22 2007
FLUX (3D) introductory course

October 23-25 2007


FLUX (2D) & rotating machines

March 28-30 2007


CIVAnde introductory course

October 29-31 2007


FLUX (3D) and NDT

April 25-27 2007


Thermal analysis of motors and
generators

November 13-15 2007


Study of induction machines

May 3-4 2007


FLUX (2D) advanced course

November 21-23 2007


Rotating electric machines

June 5-7 2007


Magnetism for electrical
engineering

December 6-7 2007


FLUX (3D) advanced course

June 12-15 2007


FLUX (3D) & rotating machines

December 17-19 2007


Technologies of linear actuators

May 22-24 2007 (Maccon)


PCIM Europe 2007, Nrnberg, Germany.
May 23-25 2007 (Termagsoft)
XVI Seminarium Techniczne BOBRME KOMEL, Rytro k. Nowego
Sacza, Poland.
June 18-21 2007 (S.I. Scientic Instruments)
Laser Show, Munich, Germany.
June 3-7 2007 (Delta Photonics)
Photonics North, Ottawa, Canada.
June 17-20 2007 (Delta Photonics)
Canadian Association of Physicists conference, Saskatchewan,
Canada.
June 18-21 2007 (S.I. Scientic Instruments)
Laser Show, Munich, Germany.
June 19-21 2007 (Cedrat)
12th Inter Workshop on Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.
June 20-22 2007 (Cedrat)
HES, Heating by Electromagnetic Sources, Padova, Italy.
June 20-22 2007 (Cedrat)
COMPUMAG 2007, International conference on the Computation of
Electromagnetic Fields, Aachen, Germany.
June 26-28 2007 (Indielec)
Power Grid 2007, T&D- Unifying Europe, Madrid, Spain.
July 01-05 2007 (Cedrat)
POWER TECH, 7th edition of the European anchor conference of the
IEEE Power Engineering Society, Lausanne, Switzerland.
September 02-05 2007 (Cedrat)
EPE 2007, 12th European Conference on Power Electronics and
Applications, Aalborg, Denmark.
September 06-07 2007 (Cedrat)
EF 2007, Electrotechnique du Futur, Toulouse, France.
September 13-15 2007 (Cedrat)
ISEF, (International Symposium on Electromagnetic Fields), Prague,
Czech republik.
September 16-19 2007 (Cedrat)
LDIA, The 6th International Symposium on Linear Drives for Industrial
Applications, Lille, France.

A full list of training programs can be obtained from our training department at CEDRAT, or from our web
site http://www.cedrat.com. The dates are already xed up until the end of year 2007, allowing you to
prepare your training course calendar. Email: training@cedrat.com.

September 18-20 2007 (Cedrat)


BINDT, Material Testing 2007, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
CEDRAT, CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES, Magsoft Corp.
and partners will take part in the above exibitions.

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

Our reason for existence:

ABOUT
CEDRAT
ABOUT CEDRAT

Corporate charter.

To propose innovative solutions in the electrical and mechatronic elds, ranging from the
development of software tools to the study, design and manufacture of systems.
Our shared values:

We hereby undertake to
Respect others: our Customers, Colleagues and Partners
Communicate with transparency
Promote competence, creativity and responsibility
Base our activities on trust, delegation and training
Meet our commercial, technological and nancial commitments
Guarantee the quality of our products and methods
Accumulate know-how
Share the fruit of our work equitably
With an objective of controlled growth guaranteeing the sustainability of the Group.
Our vision:
Our group will be an international leader and a technological reference.

World-wide representation:

Benelux: Micromega Dynamics SA. Piezo

Parc Scientique du Sart Tilman, Rue des Chasseurs Ardennais,


4031 Angleur, Belgium.
Phone: +32 4 365 23 63
Fax: +32 4 365 23 46
Nloix@micromega-dynamics.com http://micromega-dynamics.com

Croatia-Bosnia: Faculty of Engineering. CAE

Faculty of Engineering Rijeka - Dept. of Electrical Engineering.


Vukovarska 58 - 51000 Rijeka - Croatia.
Phone: +385 51 651435
livio.susnjic@riteh.hr

Fax: +385 51 675818

Germany - Austria: SI Scientic Instruments. Piezo


Romerstr. 67, D-82205 Gilching, Germany.
Phone: +49 8105 77940
info@SI-GmbH.de

Fax: +49 8105 5577


http://www.si-gmbh.de

Annaberger Strae 240, TechnologieCentrumChemnitz (TCC),


Haus A, 517, 09125 Chemnitz
Phone: + 49 371 / 53 47 670
Fax: +49 371 / 53 47 672
barucki@adapted-solutions.com www.adapted-solutions.com

Germany: Maccon GmbH. CAE

Canada: Delta Photonics Inc. Piezo

22 Bramblegrove Cres. Ottawa, ON K1T 3G3


Phone: +1 613 321 7211
dwhite@deltaphotonics.com

Fax: +1 613 321 7210


http://www.deltaphotonics.com

USA - Canada: Magsoft Corp. CAE

Fax: +49 89 65 52 17
http://www.maccon.de

Italy: Optoprim Srl. Piezo

Italy: Spin Applicazioni Magnetiche S.r.l. CAE


Via Leonardo da Vinci 17, 29010, Pianello (PC), Italy.
Fax: +39 0 523 73 33 64
http://www.spinmag1.it

Poland: Project Uslugi Informatyczne. Piezo

ul. Namyslowska 19 m.35, 03-455 W-Warszana, Poland.


Phone: +48 22 619 42 21
Fax: +48 22 619 98 15
biuro-project@pcproject.com.pl

Beijing branch

Shanghai branch

Tel: +86 21 33013686


Fax: +86 21 5393 6972
anpsh@anpico.com

Phone: +86 21 5080 7400


Mobile: +86 13801856618
Email: info@softwave.cn

Fax: +86 21 5080 2326


http://www.softwave.cn

Hong-Kong: A&P Instrument Co., Ltd. Piezo


Headquarter: Unit 1, 1/F, Kam Hon Industrial Building
8 Wang Kwun Road, Kowloon Bay,Hong Kong.
Phone: +852 2755 6578
Fax: +852 2755 4549
sammywoo@netvigator.com http://www.anpico.com

Indonesia & Singapore: Peacock Technology Pte Ltd.

Phone: +40 21 402 92 93


retean@amotion.pub.ro

Phone/Fax: +40 21 319 79 69


http://amotion.pub.ro/~epm/

Zasavska c. 20A, 4000 Kranj, Slovenia


Phone: +386 4 2356710
info@boberinzeniring-bb.si

Spain: Indielec. CAE

Fax: +386 4 2356710


http://www.boberinzeniring-bb.si

Pont Sec 5, Poligono Industrial Moncada II


46116 MONCADA (Valencia), Spain.
Phone: +34 961 303 462
indielec@indielec.es

Fax: +34 961 309 167


http://www.indielec.es

Spain: Lasing SA. Piezo

Marques Pico Velasco, 64, 28027 Madrid SPAIN


Phone: +34 91 377 5006
info@lasing.com

Fax: +34 91 407 3624


http://www.lasing.com

Phone : +65 747 4460


CAE

Fax : +65 747 6460

Kurosawa Building, 3F
13-27 Sakasai Kashiwa Chiba, 277-0042 Japan.
Phone: +81 47 175 8810
key@keystone-intl.co.jp

Fax: +81 47 175 5669


http://www.keystone-intl.co.jp

1 Eaton Court, Tetchill, Ellesmere, Shropshire, SY129DA, U.K.


Fax: +1 419 831 92 55
http://www.motor-design.com

uxsupport@ee.lut.

http://www.ee.lut.

France: CEA (CIVAnde Software).


civa@cea.fr http://www-civa.cea.fr

France: CEGELY (PHI3D Software).

alain.nicolas@eea.ec-lyon.fr http://www.cegely.ec-lyon.fr

France: ENSIEG - L.E.G. ( FLUX Software).


yves.marechal@leg.ensieg.inpg.fr

http://www.leg.ensieg.inpg.fr

France: Imagine (Fluid Power).


imagine@amesim.com

http://www.amesim.com

France: ISEN (ATILA Software).


jean-claude.debus@isen.fr

http://www.isen.fr

France: Magnetic Alloys (Magnetic materials).


http://www.imphyalloys.com

France: Prismeca (Induction Heating).


prismeca@prismeca.fr

http://www.prismeca.com

Germany: Mecatronix GmbH (Mechatronic systems).


klesen@mecatronix.de

http://www.mecatronix.de

Hungary: Budapest University of Technology and


Economics (Superconductivity).
secretary@supertech.vgt.bme.hu

http://supertech.vgt.bme.hu

Italy: Laboratorio Elettrosico (Magnetizing Technics).


info@laboratorio.elettrosico.com

Italy: Inova Srl.

Phone: +81 45 586 0800

e.lomonova@tue.nl

http://laboratorio.elettrosico.com

(Induction Heating).

http://www.inovasrl.it

Heiwa Plaza # 305 8-12 Toyooka - Tsurumi-ku,


Yokohama-shi, 230, Japan.

Korea: Jaewoo Technology Co. Ltd. CAE

Sweden: R.I.T. (KTH)

Fax: +81 45 586 0792

Fax: +82 2 6670 4103


http://www.jaewoo.com

Fax: +82-2-2264-0469
http://www.innotics.com

Pakistan: Technotrade. CAE

UK: Motor Design Ltd. CAE

http://www.hvdc.ca

Finland: LUT (Motors).

Netherlands: Eindhoven University of Technology


(Motors).

Phone: +82-2-2276-1013
Email: sales@innotics.com

Fax: +48 22 826 98 15

info@hvdc.ca

info@inovarsl.it

Head Ofce: #1016, Sam-Poong B/D, 310-68


Eul-Gi-4Ga, Joong-Gu, 100-849, Seoul, Korea.

Grossfeld 39, FL-9492, ESCHEN, Liechtenstein.

2F-5,203,Sec.2, Ho Ping East Road, 106 Taipei, Taiwan ROC.

Japan: Small Motors Laboratory. CAE

Korea: Innotics Inc. Piezo

Fax: +41 21 803 58 78


http://www.maglink.net/

Switzerland: Diwag AG. Piezo

Phone: +44-(0)1691-623305
info@motor-design.com

627A Alljunied Road, Biztech Centre, #04-01.Singapore 389842.

Phone: +82 2 6670 4100


cae@jaewoo.com

Grande Rue, 84, CH - 1110 Morges, Switzerland.

Phone: +423 232 8555


info@dicod.com

Fax: +91-80-25430686
http://www.maxsoft-india.com

Ace TechnoTower 10th Bldg #1205, Gasan-Dong


470-5,Geumcheon-Gu Seoul Korea 153-789

Switzerland: Applied Magnetics. CAE


Phone: +41 21 803 58 68
magnetics@bluewin.ch

Phone: +91-80-25430676
info@maxsoft-india.com

Japan: Keystone International Co. Ltd. Piezo

Slovenia: Bober Inzeniring. CAE

Taiwan: Superex Technology Corp. Piezo

info.iup@iup.arcelor.com

Piezo

Romania: Univ. Politehnica of Bucarest. CAE

Electrical Engineering Department, EPM_NM Laboratory,


313 Splaiul Independentei - 060042 Bucarest, Romania.

Fax: +886 2 2503 16 80


http://www.sciformosa.com.tw

Canada: Manitoba HVDC Research Centre


(Power System Simulator).

- AsIa:
China: A&P Instrument Co., Ltd. Piezo

al. 1-go Maja 19, 90-739 Lodz, Poland.

Fax: +48 42 658 14 00


http://www.termagsoft.com.pl

Phone: +886 2 2505 05 25


info@sciformosa.com.tw

Partners:

Fax: +1 (949) 770-2492

448, 2nd Floor, Service Road (Ring Road)


IV Block, HBR Layout,Bangalore - 560043 INDIA.

Phone: +48 42 658 14 00


jzgraja@termagsoft.com.pl

11th Fl, 354 Fu-Hsing North Rd - Taipei, Taiwan ROC.

Phone: +1 (949) 770-9911


useurotek@cox.net

India: Maxsoft.

Poland: TermagSoft. CAE

Taiwan: Scientic Formosa Inc. CAE

USA: US EUROTEK Inc. Piezo

Fax: +1 518 884 86 88


http://www.magsoft-ux.com

2F, Bldg B, 489 Songtao Road Pudong


Shanghai 201203 China

Phone: +39.039.834.977 Fax: +39.039.2845.269


info@optoprim.it
http://www.optoprim.com

Phone: +65 6565 1221 Fax: +65 6563 1221


sales@laser-21.com
http://www.laser-21.com

Phone: +886-2-2701-6281 Fax: +886-2-2705-6411


Email : superex@ms6.hinet.net

Phone: +1 518 884 05 05


info@magsoft-ux.com

China: SoftWave Ltd. CAE

Via Rota 37, 20052, Monza (MI), Italy.

10 Bukit Batok Crescent #13-05 The Spire


Singapore 658079

20 Prospect St. - Suite 311- Ballston Spa, NY 12020

Tel: +86 10 6207 4835


Fax: +86 10 6207 7434
anpbj@anpico.com
http://www.anpico.com

Kuehbachstrasse 9, D-81543, Mnchen, Germany.

Phone: +39 0 523 99 74 90


info@spinmag.it.

Fax: +55 11 4390-0232


http://www.electromagnetics.com.br/

22061 Newbridge Dr. 92630 LAKE FOREST, CA, USA

Germany: Adapted Solutions. CAE

Phone: +49 89 65 12 20 0
anders@maccon.de

Phone: +55 11 4341-7644


cardoso@pea.usp.br

Singapore: Laser 21 Pte Ltd. Piezo

7-A Bank Square Market, Model Town, Lahore-Pakistan


Phone: +92 42 583 2403
Fax: +92 42 583 2467
sales@tekno-trade.com
http://www.tekno-trade.com

juliette@ekc.kth.se

http://www.evt.ele.tue.nl/epe/

(Motors).

http://www.ekc.kth.se/eme/eme_eng.html

UK: Elektro Magnetix Ltd. (Mechatronix Systems).


elektro@elektro.co.uk

http://www.elektro.co.uk

UK: Speed Laboratory (Speed


t.miller@elec.gla.ac.uk

Software).

http://www.speedlab.co.uk

UK: University of Shefeld (Linear Actuators).


r.e.clark@shefeld.ac.uk

http://www.shef.ac.uk/eee/

USA: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute


salons@rpi.edu

http://www.rpi.edu

USA: The Mathworks Inc.


http://www.mathworks.com

(Software).

N 53 - January 2007 - CEDRAT - CEDRAT TECHNOLOGIES - MAGSOFT Corp - Adapted Solutions.

(Software).

Distribution of Piezo Products

Rua Martin Luther King Jr., n180 - sala 16 Jardim Gagliardi So Bernardo do Campo - SP 09890-060 - BRAZIL

S/C Ltda. CAE

Fax: +41 21 803 58 78


http://www.maglink.net/

Piezo:

Phone: +41 21 803 58 68


magnetics@bluewin.ch

Grande Rue, 84, CH - 1110 Morges, Switzerland.

Distribution of CAE software for Electrical Engineering

- AMERIca:
Brazil: Electromagnetics Tecnologia e Informtica

CAE:

- europa:
Austria: Applied Magnetics. CAE