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USER MANUAL

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamerTM Wind Turbines


Version 8.0
W W W . V E S T A S .C O M

Vestas Wind Systems A/S


Alsvej 21
DK-8940 Randers SV
VESTAS PROPRIETARY NOTICE: This document contains valuable confidential information of Vestas Wind Systems A/S. It is protected by copyright law as an unpublished work. Vestas reserves all patent, copyright,
trade secret, and other proprietary rights to it. The information in this document may not be used, reproduced, or disclosed except if and to the extent rights are expressly granted by Vestas in writing and subject to applicable
conditions. Vestas disclaims all warranties except as expressly granted by written agreement and is not responsible for unauthorized uses, for which it may pursue legal remedies against responsible parties.

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User Manual
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DISCLAIMER
VESTAS MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED IN RESPECT
OF THE PSS/E MODEL, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION AS TO ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS,
FUNCTIONALILTY, PRECISION, USEFULNESS, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF THE PSS/E
MODEL OR OTHERWISE. THE PSS/E MODEL IS PROVIDED AS IS AND VESTAS SHALL HAVE NO
RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY WHATSOEVER FOR RESULTS OF USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE
PSS/E MODEL. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, IN NO EVENT VESTAS SHALL BE
LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE OR OTHER
DAMAGES WHATSOEVER ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO THE USE OF OR INABLITY
TO USE THE PSS/E MODEL, WHETHER BASED IN CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY
OR OTHERWISE.
For the avoidance of doubt, Vestas makes no warranty or representation either express or implied as to
the performance of the wind turbine model in terms of it being in accordance with the performance of
the actual wind turbine generator, as other circumstances, including, but not limited to deviations in the
markets and optional features might have influence on the performance of the actual wind turbine generator. The performance of the wind turbine model is expected only to be indicative to the performance
of the actual wind turbine generator.

Copyright Notice
The documents are created by Vestas Wind Systems A/S and contain copyrighted material,
trademarks, and other proprietary information. All rights reserved. No part of the documents
may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any meanssuch as graphic, electronic, or
mechanical, including photocopying, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems
without the prior written permission of Vestas Wind Systems A/S, and its respective parent
companies, subsidiaries, affiliates, successors, assigns, licensees, representatives and
agents (together "Vestas"). The use of these documents by you, or anyone else authorized
by you, is prohibited unless specifically permitted by Vestas. You may not alter or remove
any trademark, copyright or other notice from the documents.

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PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer


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History of this Document


Changes in this document:
Rev. no.:
00

Date:
2013-04-01

01

2013-04-05

02

2013-07-04

03

2013-09-06

Description of change
This document is based on a previous document with document number 0026-5729_V03.
Updated document to reflect changes of Pre-sales model of
GridStreamerTM 3.3MW Turbines.
Only parameters of GridStreamerTM 3.3MW Turbines are
available in this version.
Parameters of V164 8.0MW Mk0 concept model are included
in this version.
Parameters of V80/V90 2.0MW Mk8 model are included in this
version
Updated document to reflect changes of As-built model of
GridStreamerTM Turbines.
Only parameters of 3 MW Turbines are available in this version.

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Contents
History of this Document .......................................................................................................... 3
Contents .................................................................................................................................. 4
Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................... 6
Reading Guidelines ................................................................................................................. 7
1
Introduction...................................................................................................................... 8
2
Vestas GridStreamerTM Model ......................................................................................... 9
2.1 Vestas GridStreamerTM Concept ............................................................................. 9
2.2 Model Structure....................................................................................................... 9
2.3 Model Features ..................................................................................................... 10
3
Simulation Preparation .................................................................................................. 11
3.1 Load Flow Data ..................................................................................................... 11
3.2 Short Circuit Data .................................................................................................. 12
3.3 Dynamic Data ....................................................................................................... 12
4
Simulation Procedures in PSS/E ................................................................................... 15
4.1 Setting for Dynamic Simulation ............................................................................. 16
4.2 Simulation Steps ................................................................................................... 17
5
Vestas System Example................................................................................................ 19
5.1 System Model ....................................................................................................... 19
5.2 Simulation Steps ................................................................................................... 20
6
Description of related PSS/E Activities .......................................................................... 21
6.1 WTG Load Flow related Inputs ............................................................................. 21
6.2 WTG 2-Winding Transformer Load Flow Inputs .................................................... 22
6.3 Output Channels for Plotting ................................................................................. 23
7
User related Sub-models of Vestas Wind Turbines ....................................................... 25
7.1 Reactive Power Control ........................................................................................ 25
7.2 LVRT Control Settings .......................................................................................... 26
7.3 Protection & LVRT Settings .................................................................................. 27
7.3.1 Voltage Protection ...................................................................................... 27
7.3.2 LVRT Logic................................................................................................. 28
7.3.3 Frequency Protection ................................................................................. 29
8
PSS/E Format Data Sheets ........................................................................................... 31
8.1 GSCORE .............................................................................................................. 32
8.2 GSVARS ............................................................................................................... 35
8.3 GSLVRT................................................................................................................ 36
8.4 GSPWRC .............................................................................................................. 38
8.5 GSMEAS............................................................................................................... 40
8.6 GSVPRT ............................................................................................................... 41
8.7 GSFPRT ............................................................................................................... 43
Appendix A.
Data for V112 GS 3.075/3.0MW 50/60Hz................................................... 44
A.1 PQ Capability Chart .............................................................................................. 44
A.2 Generator Data ..................................................................................................... 45
A.3 Typical Transformer Data...................................................................................... 45
A.4 PSS/E DYR File Template .................................................................................... 45
Appendix B.
Data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 50/60Hz .......................................... 50
B.1 PQ Capability Chart .............................................................................................. 50
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B.2 Generator Data ..................................................................................................... 51


B.3 Typical Transformer Data...................................................................................... 51
B.4 PSS/E DYR File Template .................................................................................... 51

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Abbreviations
Word / Abbreviation
AGO
Bvbase
GS
LVRT
Mbase
OF
OV
P
PF
PI
PPC
PSS/E
Q
SCR
Sbase
UF
UV
VXX
YY
ZZ
WTG

Description
Advanced Grid Option
Bus Voltage Base
GridStreamer
Low Voltage Ride Through
Machine MVA Base
Over Frequency
Over Voltage
Active Power
Power Factor
Proportional and Integral
Power Plant Controller
Power System Simulator for Engineering
Reactive Power
Short Circuit Ratio
System (Network) MVA Base
Under Frequency
Under Voltage
V refers to Vestas & XX is the rotor diameter in meters
WTG Rated Power
WTG Rated Frequency
Wind Turbine Generator

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Reading Guidelines
This document covers the Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines model implementation in the
PSS/E environment. The targeted group of readers are expected to have:
A good knowledge of the PSS/E simulation environment.
A strong background in the electrical power engineering field.

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1 Introduction
The description given in this document covers the design of the Vestas PSS/E wind turbine
user written model. The model is applicable to all Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines.
This document is a user manual that explains how to implement the Vestas GridStreamerTM
wind turbines in an existing grid and states a number of steps that must be performed to get
a successful simulation.
The document is a general overview of the PSS/E user written model version 8.0 for Vestas
GridStreamerTM wind turbines. The model is developed for the purpose of dynamic stability
analysis and therefore generally omits effects with time constants shorter than one AC cycle.
A PSS/E time step (DELT) in the range 1ms to cycle is recommended.
Vestas PSS/E Model Package
This user manual is part of a model package including the following files:
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamerTM Wind Turbines Version 8.0 User Manual
A library file (.LIB) that includes all the sub models in the wind turbine is compiled for PSS/E
version 29, 30, 31 and 32.
VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE<m>.lib Model library file for PSS/E ver. <m>
A Dynamic data file (.DYR).
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr Dynamic Data file (.dyr)
Test case files as part of a system example.
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_29.raw
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_32.sav
Simulate_PFControl.psa
Simulate_QControl.psa
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr
This system example is provided for guidance only and do not represent actual configuration
for any specific site.

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2 Vestas GridStreamerTM Model


This PSS/E user written model has been developed to support the Vestas GridStreamerTM
wind turbines topology. This is explained in short - in the following sections.

2.1 Vestas GridStreamerTM Concept


In the full-scale converter system the generator is decoupled from the grid-side converter
completely by the DC-link. In this case the converter will be in total control of the power
and the GridStreamer WTG is coupled via a step-up transformer to the connection point.

2.2 Model Structure


The PSS/E user written model developed for the Vestas GridStreamer wind turbine is a
simplified dynamic model of the WTG and omits some detail of mechanical components
and the generator-side converter. However, this model was shown to accurately represent
the complete GridStreamer turbine, because the mechanics and generator-side converter have very little impact on the grid-side output due to decoupling through the DC-link.
Figure 1 shows the generic model structure for Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines.
Here the various signals and blocks may be observed as well as input and output of the
model. Note that the grey blocks are not part of the PSS/E model, and have direct
feedthrough signals.

Figure 1 Illustration of the generic PSS/E model structure. Blocks marked as grey are not a part of
the model

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As mentioned in the Introduction, this model is intended for grid dynamic stability analysis.
It may also be designated as a performance model, since it receives grid voltage and frequency and delivers active and reactive power as response.

2.3 Model Features


It is important to decide the types of analysis and studies needed to be carried out before
deciding which approach to use in modelling the physical system. The modelling approach
should reflect the intended types of analysis and studies.
These questions led to shape the modelling requirements and to give a better overview of
the users needs in order to develop an analysis-dedicated model. The modelling of the
wind turbine needs to be made according to the performance of the simulation tool, which
is the PSS/E.
The pre-modelling analysis has been done for using PSS/E simulation tool and the outcome is listed in Table 1.
Table 1 Outcome of the pre-modelling analysis

Model purpose

Dynamic stability studies 1s to 5 min.


Implementation in large bus system.
Aggregated Wind-power plant performance.

Model operational range

Full power range of the WTG.


PF control mode.
Reactive power control mode.
Full voltage and frequency range of WTG.

Studies

Dynamic stability analysis.

Protection

Voltage settings.
Frequency settings.
LVRT settings.

Model requirements

Positive sequence based.


Model bandwidth 0-10 Hz.
Maximum time step is cycle.

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3 Simulation Preparation
This section explains how to add Vestas Wind Turbines Model and modify the users existing system simulation files. With the package files provided by Vestas Wind Systems A/S,
the end users should modify their load flow data (RAW or SAV file) as well as their dynamic data (DYR file). The suggested modifications are stated below.

3.1 Load Flow Data


The PSS/E user should begin by preparing a solved load flow case which includes a generator and unit transformer for each WTG or WTG aggregate.
-The WTGs Generator:
The wind power plant units can be included as separate units or as a single aggregated
generator, with appropriate steady-state real power (P) and reactive power (Q) for each
wind power plant (turbine). The relevant WTG generator should be implemented by the
user according to the parameters listed in Appendices and the set up instructions in Chapter 6.
NOTE: In newer versions of PSS/E a generator is added to the load flow case as either a
classical machine or a wind machine. The Vestas wind turbines should be added as a
classical machine not a wind machine, as the model is designed to be back compatible to
PSS/E version 29.
- The WTGs Transformer:
In addition to the substation transformer, a step-up unit transformer should also be included in the load flow case by the user. The delivered model package does not include the
WTG transformer and therefore this transformer should be implemented by the user according to the parameters of the transformer as given in Appendices and the set up instructions provided in Chapter 6.
The user may refer to the raw file template in Template 1.

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100.00
VESTAS TEST SYSTEM

TM

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Version 8.0
/ PSS/E-30.3

TUE, OCT 30 2007

Date: 06/09/2013
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Type: 05

14:42

/****************************************************************
/*existing bus data
*
/*add WTG bus data here
*
/****************************************************************
0 / END OF BUS DATA, BEGIN LOAD DATA
0 / END OF LOAD DATA, BEGIN GENERATOR DATA
/****************************************************************
/*existing generator data
*
/*add WTG generator data here
*
/****************************************************************
0 / END OF GENERATOR DATA, BEGIN BRANCH DATA
0 / END OF BRANCH DATA, BEGIN TRANSFORMER DATA
/****************************************************************
/*existing transformer data
*
/*add WTG transformer data here
*
/****************************************************************
0 / END OF TRANSFORMER DATA, BEGIN AREA DATA
0 / END OF AREA DATA, BEGIN TWO-TERMINAL DC DATA
0 / END OF TWO-TERMINAL DC DATA, BEGIN VSC DC LINE DATA
0 / END OF VSC DC LINE DATA, BEGIN SWITCHED SHUNT DATA
0 / END OF SWITCHED SHUNT DATA, BEGIN IMPEDANCE CORRECTION DATA
0 / END OF IMPEDANCE CORRECTION DATA, BEGIN MULTI-TERMINAL DC DATA
0 / END OF MULTI-TERMINAL DC DATA, BEGIN MULTI-SECTION LINE DATA
0 / END OF MULTI-SECTION LINE DATA, BEGIN ZONE DATA
0 / END OF ZONE DATA, BEGIN INTER-AREA TRANSFER DATA
0 / END OF INTER-AREA TRANSFER DATA, BEGIN OWNER DATA
0 / END OF OWNER DATA, BEGIN FACTS DEVICE DATA
0 / END OF FACTS DEVICE DATA
Template 1: The PSS/E raw file template

3.2 Short Circuit Data


Under fault conditions the behaviour of the WTG is determined by the converter control.
During a fault the converter controls will limit the magnitude of the fault current contribution
to 1.05 p.u. (Ik) and 1.45 p.u. (peak) on WTG rated current.
The WTG should be modelled as a current source for short circuit studies. The current
source should contribute a maximum of 1.05 p.u. (Ik) fault current.
In PSS/E the value of Zsource is obtained from the maximum short circuit current contribution (Ik=1.05 p.u.). The recommended values are listed in Appendices and the set up
instructions provided in Chapter 6.

3.3 Dynamic Data


The user should prepare a DYR file (.dyr) containing the dynamics data. This will generally
include dynamic data records for other power system plant(s), as well as the dynamic data
for Vestas WTG model. In this package the user will find a parameter template
(V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz.Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr) as shown in Template 2. The template
for different Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines can be found in Appendices.
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/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.3MW 50Hz Mk2A
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3300.0000
650.0000 4144.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3700.0000 3700.0000 -3300.0000
3300.0000
0.9700
0.8500
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
4144.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
600.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6667
-0.6667
0.5002
0.4900
0.8630
0.9333
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
10.2000
0.8500
10.2000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 2: The PSS/E dyr file template V112 GS 3.3MW 50Hz

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The dynamic data file (DYR file) Template 2 supplied requires user modification, to insert
the details specific to each WTG. If there is more than one WTG in the PSS/E simulation,
the user should duplicate the DYR file contents for each WTG added, and to modify each
of the user inputs denoted by the <> to reflect the particulars of each WTG. User input
parameters are listed in Table 2. The details that must be entered by the user for each
WTG are:

The PSS/E bus number (<bus>) and machine ID (<mach>) corresponding to the
single or aggregate WTG generator.

The WTG reactive power control mode (<WTGmode>): 0 for direct reactive power
(Q) control, 1 for power factor (PF) control.
Table 2 User input parameters to the dynamic data file (dyr file)
Parameter
<bus>
<mach>
<WTGmode>

Description
The generator bus number
The machine ID
WTG control mode: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control

In case several WTGs are to be aggregated into one scaled WTG the set of data should
not be duplicated, this type is handled through the WTG load flow inputs as explained in
Chapter 6, where the Pgen, Pmax, Qgen, Qmax, Qmin, & Mbase, will be scaled to represent the required amount of aggregated WTGs as per the instructions provided.

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4 Simulation Procedures in PSS/E


The model is developed for a maximum simulation time step of half a cycle. The model is
developed for PSS/E versions from 29 upwards.
The wind turbine(s) impacts on the system (grid) will be dependent on the short circuit ratio
(SCR) and X/R at the bus to which the wind turbine(s) is (are) connected. In this sense it is
very important to assess the model performance taking into consideration the grid strength
seen from the connection point.
Section 4.1 gives the recommended settings for the dynamic simulation. In Section 4.2,
the simulation procedure is given (dependent on the version of PSS/E). The list should be
followed exactly in order to get a successful simulation.

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Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

4.1 Setting for Dynamic Simulation


The recommended settings for the dynamic simulation are as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2 The PSS/E Dynamic simulation settings (activity ALTR)

Table 3 PSS/E Dynamic simulation settings (activity ALTR)

Variable

Description
Network Solution

Iters
Acceleration
Tolerance

25
1.0
0.0001
Island Frequency

Acceleration
Tolerance

Delta
Frequency filter

intermediate
Island freq

1.0
0.0005
Simulation Parameters
Maximum cycle (10 ms for 50 Hz and 8.33 ms for 60Hz)
0.04
Delta Threshold
0.06
0.14

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4.2 Simulation Steps


Simulation steps: PSS/E version 29 to 31
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

7.
8.
9.

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Create a working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall
be placed including all relevant files listed.
Start up a command prompt in the working directory, ensuring the PATH is
set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs.
Start-up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) in the working directory.
Enter PSS/E load flow (LOFL).
In case the users preferred method of representing the load flow case is a
raw file then read the load flow raw file (READ) to which the Vestas wind turbines have been added. If the user prefers to use an already created saved
case then open (CASE) the load flow case to which the Vestas wind turbines
will be added.
In case the user has chosen to use a Saved file (*.sav) then the following may
be necessary:
i.
Modify this load flow case by adding the desired number of new buses,
feeders and transformers necessary to model the WPP collector system up to the point of common coupling with the existing power system.
ii. Add the WPP aggregated generator(s), specifying P and Q output for
each.
iii. Add the wind turbine transformers as per the implemented structure:
1.
Aggregated transformer for aggregated WTGs (if applicable).
2.
Separate transformer for separate WTGs (if applicable).
Solve the load flow case and save the solved case file.
Convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and
CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.
Make a copy of the relevant DYRE parameter template, and fill in the details of
each WPP. Add the DYRE records to any records for other system plant to
create a system wide .dyr file.
Enter PSS/E dynamics (RTRN).
Read (DYRE) the new .dyr file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX
files. Specify the name of the compile-file.
Save the snapshot.
Exit the PSS/E program (STOP).
Ensure the command prompt is pointing to the correct working directory.
Compile the CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX subroutines by typing the name
of the compile-file.
Link the object codes using a command line of the following form:
CLOAD4 VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE29.lib <other user models>
You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open
the snapshot and load flow case.

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Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

Simulation steps: PSS/E version 32 and above


Create a working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall
be placed including all relevant files listed.
2. Ensure the system PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs
(using the PSS/E Environment Manager if necessary).
3. Start-up PSS/E in the working directory.
4. In case the users preferred method of representing the load flow case is a
raw file then read the load flow raw file (READ) to which the Vestas wind turbines have been added. If the user prefers to use an already created saved
case then open (CASE) the load flow case to which the Vestas wind turbines
will be added.
5. In case the user has chosen to use a Saved file (.sav) then the following may
be necessary:
i.
Modify this load flow case by adding the desired number of new buses,
feeders and transformers necessary to model the WPP collector system up to the point of common coupling with the existing power system.
ii. Add the WPP aggregated generator(s), specifying P and Q output for
each. Ensure the generator(s) specify not a wind machine.
iii. Add the wind turbine transformers:
1. Aggregated transformer for aggregated WTGs (if applicable).
2. Separate transformer for separate WTGs (if applicable).
6. Solve the load flow case and save the solved case file.
7. Convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations by using CONG and
CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.
8. Make a copy of the relevant DYRE parameter template, and fill in the details of
each WPP. Add the DYRE records to any records for other system plant to
create a system wide .dyr file.
9. Read (DYRE) the new .dyr file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX
files, and a name for the compile-file as appropriate.
10. Save the snapshot.
11. Use the Create User DLL function in the Dynamics menu to compile the
CONEC and CONET subroutines and link the model code into PSS/E. Specify
the library VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE32.lib when required.
12. You are now ready to run simulations: enter PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4), open
the snapshot and load flow case.
Note: It is not necessary to specify the WPP real or reactive power output in the *.dyr file
as these will be taken from the load flow case at initialization (i.e. when using the activity
STRT).
1.

Once the snapshot is taken and the model compiled and linked, the same dynamics snapshot can be used with multiple load flow cases, provided the network topology and connected models did not change from one case to another. It is therefore possible to assemble a number of load flow cases, each with a different level of initial WTG power output
and/or voltage, without reassembling the snapshot or recompiling before using each different case in a simulation.
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5 Vestas System Example


5.1 System Model
Vestas has built a simple example to show how to setup and simulate with the WTG models. The test grid is modelled with four buses and two branches, with the Vestas WT model
at one end, and a slack bus generator at the other. The middle bus is where the fault is
applied. The system is shown in Figure 3.
BASE MVA = Mbase

BASE MVA = 100 MVA


Sbase

2-Windings Transformer

Z20 to 30

WTG

Wind Generator Bus


Bus # 10
Bus Volt = 0.65 kV
Bus Type 2"

Z30 to 40

SG

Wind turbine Transformer Bus


Bus # 20
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV

Network Fault Bus


Bus # 30
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV

Network Slack Bus


Bus # 40
Bus Volt = 20.0 kV

Bus Type 1"

Bus Type 1"

Bus Type 3"

Figure 3 Network Diagram of Vestas test system

The files/folders listed in Table 4 are delivered for setting up the test cases for both, the
reactive power control and the power factor control examples (for WTG level control).
Note that the example files provided represent a simple test case for Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines and do not reflect any particular site-specific configuration.
Table 4 Files included in the delivered package

Simulation Files

Description

V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz.Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_29.raw
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n_Base_32.sav
Simulate_QControl.psa
Simulate_PFControl.psa
V<xx>.GS.<yy>MW.<zz>Hz. Mk<k>.Df.v8.0.n.dyr

RAW file for Base case in Ver29


SAV file for Base case in Ver32
PSA file for QContorl Simulation
PSA file for PFContorl Simulation
DYR file for Dynamic model

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5.2 Simulation Steps


To perform a simulation following steps has to be carried out:

In PSS/E versions 29 to 31
1. Create a Working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall
be placed including all relevant files listed.
2. Start up a command prompt in the working directory, ensuring the PATH is
set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs.
3. Start up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) in the working directory.
4. Read the load flow raw file *.raw, convert the load flow case for dynamic
simulations by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.
5. Save the converted case file.
6. Read (DYRE) the *.dyr file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files.
Specify the name of the compile-file.
7. Save the snapshot.
8. Exit the PSS/E program (STOP).
9. Ensure the command prompt is pointing to the correct working directory.
10. Compile the CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX subroutines by typing the name
of the compile-file.
11. Link the object codes using a command line of the form:
CLOAD4 VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE29.lib <other user models>
12. Start up PSS/E dynamics (PSSDS4) and run Simulate_QControl.psa or
Simulate_PFControl.psa
13. Exit PSS/E
14. Start plot program (PSSPLT)

In PSS/E version 32 or above


1. Create a Working directory where files related to this simulation set-up shall
be placed including all relevant files listed.
2. Ensure the system PATH is set correctly to be able to run PSS/E programs, by
running the PSS/E Environment Manager if necessary.
3. Start up PSS/E in the working directory.
4. Read the case file *.sav, convert the load flow case for dynamic simulations
by using CONG and CONL, followed by ORDR, FACT and TYSL.
5. Save the converted case file.
6. Read (DYRE) the *.dyr file, and specify CONEC.FLX and CONET.FLX files.
Specify the name of the compile-file.
7. Save the snapshot.
8. Use the Create User DLL function in the Dynamics menu to compile the
CONEC and CONET subroutines and link the model code. Specify the code
library VestasGS_8_0_n_PSSE32.lib when prompted.
9. Run Simulate.idv
10. Exit PSS/E
11. Start plot program (PSSPLT)

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Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

6 Description of related PSS/E Activities


6.1 WTG Load Flow related Inputs

10

Figure 4 The PSS/E load flow plant & machine editor

Figure 4 shows the PSS/E plant and machine editor. The WTG is to be set on a bus having a voltage equal to the generator rated voltage (at the low voltage side of the transformer).
The machine parameters in PSS/E load flow should be entered as indicated in the table
below. Note that for the purpose of the PSS/E WTG model, the MBASE value for a single
turbine is taken as the maximum MW output of the turbine.
Table 5 Variables as in plant & machine editor of Figure 4

Name

Units

Description

Pgen

MW

Is the generated active power

Pmax

MW

Pmin

MW

Qgen

MVAR

Qmax

MVAR

Qmin

MVAR

Mbase

MVA

Is the maximum allowed active


power
Is the minimum allowed active
power
Is the generated / absorbed reactive power
Is the absolute maximum allowed
reactive power
Is the absolute minimum allowed
reactive power
Is the base apparent power for n

Recommended
Value for a Single
Turbine
User supplied value
(0 P Prate)
Prate

Recommended
Value for an Aggregated Turbine
N*P

Always ZERO

User supplied value*


(Qind Q Qcap)
Equals Qgen*

N*Q

Equals Qgen*

N*Q

Prate

N*Prate

N*Prate

N*Q

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wind turbines
Is machine positive sequence im- Refer to Appendices
Refer to Appendices
pedance
Rtran
9
pu
Is the Resistance of the internal Always ZERO
0
transformer
Xtran
10
pu
Is the Reactance of the internal Always ZERO
0
transformer
Where Prate is the rated MW value; Qind and Qcap are the turbine reactive power inductive and capacitive limits.
8

ZSource

pu

*Vestas WTGs are not configured for terminal voltage control. Therefore the user should select the appropriate reactive power condition and configure the load flow case accordingly.

In PSS/E the value of Zsource is calculated from the maximum short circuit current contribution (Ik=1.05 p.u.). Recommended values of source resistance and reactance are
given in Appendices.
The bus to which the wind turbine(s) is (are) connected should have the same level of
voltage as the generator terminals, in fact this bus is the low voltage side of the 2-windings
turbines transformer. The turbines transformer is not included in the model and is left to
the user to implement in the simulation as a PSS/E standard 2 winding transformer for
more details see section 6.2.
For aggregated WTGs, parameters 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 & 7 needs to be scaled to represent the
desired number N of aggregated units.

6.2 WTG 2-Winding Transformer Load Flow Inputs


Figure 5 shows the PSS/E load flow 2-winding transformer editor, all data are to remain as
default except the 9 encircled fields that are to be changed as specified in Table 6.

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Figure 5 The PSS/E load flow 2-winding transformer editor

Table 6 Input values for the 2-winding transformer editor of Figure 5

#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Name
Name
Impedance data I/O
code
Line R
Line X
Winding MVA base
Rmax
Rmin
Tap Positions
Connection Code

Units

pu
pu
MVA

Description
The transformer name (Optional)
MVA Base to use for the p.u. values
Winding resistance
Leakage reactance
Winding MVA base
Maximum Tap
Minimum Tap
No of Taps
Vector Grouping

** Vector grouping assumes that the LV side is declared as the primary winding.
It is important to be aware that aggregating WTGs also means aggregating WTG unit
transformers, which means that voltage ratings remain the same but the MVA rating will be
scaled.
The different transformer parameters are as per the data sheet in Appendices.

6.3 Output Channels for Plotting


One of the possible ways to call a channel in PSS/E is through the CHAN activity in the
user interface (Dynamics). Table 7 shows the possible useful channels that can be called
to represent the relevant inputs/outputs of the Vestas wind turbine model in PSS/E.

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Figure 6 CHAN activity from the PSS/E dynamics

Table 7 Plotting channels from the CHAN activity

Variable

1
2
3
4
5
6

Machine PELEC
Machine QELEC
Machine Eterm
Bus Frequency
Bus Voltage
Bus Voltage and
Ang

Description
Machine(s) Active Power, without the WTGs transformer, p.u on SBASE
Machine(s) Reactive Power, without the WTGs transformer, p.u on SBASE
Machine(s) Terminal voltage magnitude, p.u Bvbase
Bus Frequency, p.u deviation from the systems nominal frequency
Bus Voltage magnitude, p.u Bvbase
Bus Voltage magnitude & Angle, p.u Bvbase & degrees respectively

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7 User related Sub-models of Vestas Wind Turbines


This section describes different sub models in the dynamic data file.

7.1 Reactive Power Control


The turbine can operate within certain limits for active and reactive power. The limits are
primarily determined by the converter and the generator. There are two possible control
modes:
Q-Control.
Power Factor Control.
The PSS/E user written model will independent of which of the modes that is selected, prioritize the active power higher than the reactive power. This means that the highest possible active power which is the user-defined (requested) active power will be supplied to
the grid even though it might compromise the control mode performance.

Active Power Priority


The model implemented always gives highest priority to the active power. That means that
if both P and Q are outside the valid operating area, Q is limited in order to bring the turbine inside the safe operating area. This is illustrated in Figure 7 (A typical PQ chart for
Vestas turbines) where the references (P* and Q*) are both outside the chart. In this case
Q is limited in order to bring the turbines operating point inside the operating area again.
Q
Q over P

(P*,Q*)
P over Q

Q*Lim

P*

Figure 7 Example of limiting function where P is given priority over Q

The value of P* and Q* are set in the load flow interface.

Q-Control
A certain reactive power reference can be set. The reference must be within its lower and
upper limits vertical limits for each P according to Figure 11.

PF Control

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When activated, the required Q will be calculated based on the P and the PF set point.
Depending on the working point, whether it is a full or partial load operating point and also
whether it is lead or lag, the PF set point is subject to possible minimum or maximum as
shown in Figure 11.

Changing Q and PF set point (Qset)

Reactive power set point (Qset), defined in GSVARS sub-routine. This set point is assigned to VAR L+1 can be changed to desired value using ALTR activity.
Table 8 Description of VAR set points P and Q or PF

VARs
L
L+1

Description
Available real power, Pset
Q or PF set point, Qset

7.2 LVRT Control Settings


During low-voltage-ride-through (LVRT), Vestas turbines switch from power control to current control mode. The following settings can be changed by the user in order to carry on
different system studies.

Active current Priority


As default, Vestas turbines are designed to maintain and control reactive current during
LVRT. However the user could also select the active current priority, If supplying active
power is required during LVRT.
The Active current priority setting can be enabled by changing CON J+7 of GSLVRT to
1.0, and be disabled by changing CON J+7 to 0.0.

Q-offset Setting
In case the turbine reactive output is not zero at pre-fault condition, the Q-offset can be
used to remove the step change when Vestas turbines switches between power control
and current control.
The Q-offset setting can be enabled by changing CON J+31 of GSLVRT to 1.0, and be
disabled by changing CON J+31 to 0.0.

Asymmetrical fault
If asymmetrical fault study is required, asymmetrical fault settings should be enabled and
the user should provide negative sequence magnitude (U-) input in VAR L+12 of
GSLVRT.
The asymmetrical fault setting can be enabled by changing CON J+32 of GSLVRT to 1.0,
and be disabled by changing CON J+32 to 0.0.

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7.3 Protection & LVRT Settings


This section describes the WTG protection and LVRT scheme and settings.
At any kind of trip, an error message will be generated in order to identify the event tripping
the turbine.
Table 9 Protection error messages

Event
Under voltage 1
Under voltage 2
Under voltage 3
LVRT under voltage
Over voltage 1
Over voltage 2
Over voltage 3
Over voltage 4
Over voltage 5
Under frequency 1
Under frequency 2
Under frequency 3
Over frequency 1
Over frequency 2
Over frequency 3

Error message
Under voltage 1 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Under voltage 2 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Under voltage 3 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
LVRT under voltage Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over voltage 1 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over voltage 2 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over voltage 3 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over voltage 4 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over voltage 5 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Under frequency 1 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Under frequency 2 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Under frequency 3 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over frequency 1 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over frequency 2 Trip + WTG bus number + at time
Over frequency 3 Trip + WTG bus number + at time

7.3.1 Voltage Protection


The voltage protection is implemented having three protection levels for high voltages and
three protection levels for low voltages.

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Figure 8 Voltage protection limits defined in the protection model VWVPR6

The WTG will be disconnected if the voltage limits are exceeded and the protection times
out. Table 10 shows the protection settings for a Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbine without the LVRT option.
Table 10 Voltage protection settings (LVRT not enabled)
Voltage limit
UV1
UV2
UV3
OV1
OV2
OV3
OV4
OV5

Setting
0.90
0.85
0.85
1.10
1.21
1.36
1.36
1.36

Timeout
tUV1
tUV2
tUV3
tOV1
tOV2
tOV3
tOV4
tOV5

Setting
60 s
11 s
11 s
3600 s
2s
150 ms
150 ms
150 ms

Note: the voltage protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is
suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the voltage protection settings.

7.3.2 LVRT Logic


As default, the Vestas GridStreamerTM wind turbines is a LVRT enabled turbine, and the
Vestas PSS/E model will represent this. The turbine is designed to stay connected on the
grid in case of a number of severe faults.
The LVRT option is affected by two user defined parameters (LVRT_flag and
AGO_enable) as explained in Table 11.

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Table 11 Parameters of LVRT function

ICON
Parameter
Module
Description
I+3
LVRT_flag
GSVPRT
LVRT protection flag
I+2
AGO_enable
GSLVRT
AGO enable
LVRT mode can be enabled (set both LVRT_flag and AGO_enable to 1) or disabled
(set both LVRT_flag and AGO_enable to 0) by changing these two parameters in the
dyr file template.
The LVRT under voltage protection curve is represented by the parameters shown in
Table 12.
Table 12 LVRT settings (LVRT enabled)
Voltage limit
ULVRT1
ULVRT2
ULVRT3
ULVRT4

Setting
0.00
0.70
0.70
0.70

Timeout
tLVRT1
tLVRT2
tLVRT3
tLVRT4

Setting
0.55 s
2.6 s
10 s
10 s

Note: the LVRT protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is
suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the LVRT protection settings.
The default low voltage ride-through protection settings for a connected turbine is illustrated in Figure 9.

TM

Figure 9 LVRT protection limits for Vestas GridStreamer wind turbine defined in the protection subroutine VWVPR6

7.3.3 Frequency Protection


The frequency protection is implemented having three protection levels for high frequencies and three protection levels for low frequencies.

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Each protection level can be accepted within a certain time-window. If this window is exceeded, the turbine disconnects. Setting frequency and time limit equal to zero disables
the protection level.
The frequency protection setting may be seen below in Figure 10.
Time

tuf1
tof1

tuf2
tof2
tuf3

tof3
uf3

uf2

uf1

50

of1

of2

of3

Hz

Frequency variation

Figure 10 Frequency protection limits defined in the protection model VWFPR6

Table 13 Frequency protection settings


Frequency limit
OF1
OF2
OF3
UF1
UF2
UF3

Setting for 50Hz


53 Hz
53 Hz
53 Hz
47 Hz
47 Hz
47 Hz

Setting for 60Hz


63.6 Hz
63.6 Hz
63.6 Hz
56.4 Hz
56.4 Hz
56.4 Hz

Timeout
tOF1
tOF2
tOF3
tUF1
tUF2
tUF3

Setting
200 ms
200 ms
200 ms
200 ms
200 ms
200 ms

Note: the frequency protection settings may vary with different turbine models. The user is
suggested to check the General Specification of the specified turbine for the frequency
protection settings.

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Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8 PSS/E Format Data Sheets


The PSS/E format data sheets for different modules of Vestas Ver 8.0 model are provided
in this Chapter.
Table 14 Summary of Vestas Ver 8.0 model

Module
GSCORE
GSVARS
GSLVRT
GSPWRC
GSMEAS
GSVPRT
GSFPRT

Description
Core generator and grid converter functions
Common variable storage
LVRT mode logic
Generator power control
Measured variables
Voltage protection
Frequency protection

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8.1 GSCORE
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSCORE
GSCORE

VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATOR (BEHAVIOURAL MODEL)


This model is located at system bus
Machine ID
This model uses 2 ICONs starting with
and 45 CONs starting with
and 23 STATEs starting with
and 104 VARs starting with

ICON
I
I+1

CON
J
J+1
J+2
J+3

J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7
J+8
J+9
J+10
J+11
J+12
J+13
J+14
J+15
J+16
J+17
J+18
J+19
J+20
J+21
J+22
J+23
J+24

Value

Vaule

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (I)
# ________ (J)
# ________ (K)
# ________ (L)

Description
Not in use

J+25

Flag for internal loop mode,


FI
0 = not in internal loop mode
1 = in internal loop

J+26
J+27
J+28
mode
J+29
J+30
J+31
J+32
J+33
J+34
J+35
J+36
J+37
J+38
J+39
J+40
J+41
J+42
J+43
J+44

Description
Generator kVA rating, S
Gen voltage rating, V
Rated rotor current, IR
Time constant for 10ms
moving average filter
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
P proportional gain
P integral gain
Q proportional gain
Q integral gain
Lower limit for P control loop
Upper limit for P control loop
Lower limit for Qref
Upper limit for Qref
Limit for P (LVRT)
Limit for P at zero voltage
(LVRT)
Slope for the power derate
curve (LVRT)
P positive slope
P negative slope
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
Model interface, MI
Stator volt. filter time const
(current injection)

STATE
K
K+1
K+2
K+3
K+4
K+5
K+6
K+7
K+8
K+9
K+10

Stator volt. threshold (current


injection)
Current injection mode.
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Description
Integ for active power
Integ for reactive power
Integ for measured voltage (10ms
moving average)
Transient volt. real part
Transient volt. imag part
Disp.
Disp.
Stator volt. filtered real part (current
injection)
Stator volt. filtered imag part (current
injection)
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Page: 32 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

Reserved for Future Version


Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

K+11
K+12
K+13
K+14
K+15
K+16
K+17
K+18
K+19
K+20
K+21
K+22
VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6
L+7
L+8
L+9
L+10
L+11
L+12
L+13
L+14
L+15
L+16
L+17
L+18
L+19
L+20
L+21
L+22
L+23
L+24
L+25
L+26
L+27
L+28
L+29
L+30
L+31
L+32
L+33
L+34
L+35
L+36
L+37
L+38
L+39

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Description
Disp.
Active current
Storage for raw real power
Storage for raw reactive power
Saved angle of stator voltage.
Reactive current
Voltage in power flow, real part
Voltage in power flow, imag prt
P from P_loop after limiter (pu)
Qref after limiter (pu)
Q from Q_loop after limiter (pu)
Active current from P_loop (pu)
Rective current from Q_loop (pu)
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory for delay.
Memory pos. for delay. .
Required no. of pos. for delay.
Delta time for delay.
Next time step for update delay.
Delayed angle of voltage.
Limited Pref in normal control
Pref after slope limiter
Saved time for slope limiter
P before LVRTslope limiter
Limited Pref in LVRT
Pref before slope limiter
Max value for active current in LVRT
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Save internal loop store(K) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+1) for

Version 8.0

L+40
L+41
L+42
L+43
L+44
L+45
L+46
L+47
L+48
L+49
L+50
L+51
L+52
L+53
L+54
L+55
L+56
L+57
L+58
L+59
L+60
L+61
L+62
L+63
L+64
L+65
L+66
L+67
L+68
L+69
L+70

TM

Wind Turbines

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+2) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+3) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+4) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+5) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+6) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+7) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+8) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+9) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+10) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+11) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+12) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+13) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+14) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+15) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+16) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+17) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+18) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+19) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+20) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+21) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K+22) for
GSCORE
Save internal loop store(K) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+1) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+2) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+3) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+4) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+5) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+6) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+7) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+8) for
GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K+9) for
Page: 33 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

L+71
L+72
L+73
L+74
L+75
L+76
L+77
L+78
L+79
L+80
L+81
L+82
L+83

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

GSLVRT
Save internal loop store(K) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+1) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+2) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+3) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+4) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+5) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K+6) for
GSPWRC
Save internal loop store(K) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+1) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+2) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+3) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+4) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+5) for

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

L+84
L+85
L+86
L+87
L+88
L+89
L+90
L+91
L+92
L+93
L+94
L+95
L+96
L+97
L+98
L+99
L+100
L+101
L+102
L+103

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+6) for
GSMEAS
Save internal loop store(K+7) for
GSMEAS
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Note: The synchronous generator arrays (SPEED, PMECH, XADIFD and ECOMP) are used for identifying
the CONEC models placement in the ICON, CON, STATE and VAR arrays.
Note: The synchronous generator arrays (EFD) is used for identifying models connected to the same bus.
DYRE input line:
IBUS 'USRMDL' IMACH 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) CON(J)CON(J+44)/

Page: 34 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.2 GSVARS
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSVARS
GSVARS
VESTAS WIND TURBINE VARIABLES INTERFACE

This model is located at system bus


Machine ID
This model uses 2 ICONs starting with
and no CONs
and no STATEs
and 30 VARs starting with

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (I)

# ________ (L)

ICON
I
I+1

Value

Description
No. of wind farm bus, IBUS
Wind farm machine ID, IMACH

VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6
L+7
L+8
L+9
L+10
L+11
L+12

Description
Available real power, Pset
Q or PF setpoint, Qset
Real power after PQ chart, Ptrim
React pwr after PQ chart, Qtrim
Real power after slope lim, Plim
React pwr after slope lim, Qlim
Real power request, Pref
Reactive power request, Qref
Real power output, Pactual
Reactive power output, Qactual
Real power measurement, Pmeas
React pwr measurement, Qmeas
Disp.

L+13
L+14
L+15
L+16
L+17
L+18
L+19
L+20
L+21
L+22
L+23
L+24
L+25
L+26
L+27
L+28
L+29

Disp.
Disp.
AGO (LVRT) status, SAGO
Active current for LVRT, IP
Reactive current for LVRT, IQ
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions
Reserved for Future Versions

Note: All power quantities are in per unit on the machine base.
DYRE input line:
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) /

Page: 35 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.3 GSLVRT
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSLVRT
GSLVRT

VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATOR LOW VOLTAGE RIDE THROUGH

This model is located at system bus


Machine ID
This model uses 3 ICONs at
and 65 CONs starting with
and 10 STATEs starting with
and 35 VARs starting with

ICON
I
I+1
I+2
CONs
J
J+1
J+2
J+3
J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7
J+8
J+9
J+10
J+11
J+12
J+13
J+14
J+15
J+16
J+17
J+18
J+19
J+20
J+21

Value

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (I)
# ________ (J)
# ________ (K)
# ________ (L)

Description
WTG bus number, IBUS
WTG machine ID, IMACH
AGO enabler (1=enable)

Value

Description
AGO threshold, VAGO
Disp.
RegainPQ delay
LVRT IP pos slope, RIP+, If
equal zero then disabled
LVRT IP neg slope, RIP-, If
equal zero then disabled
LVRT IQ pos slope, RIQ+, If
equal zero then disabled
LVRT IQ neg slope, RIQ-, If
equal zero then disabled
Active Current Priority
1- Active current priority
0- Reactive current priority
Current Overload Factor (Ip
priority)
Offset (Ip priority)
Gain (Ip priority)
Short term current overload
threshold, IR*
Disp.
Rated voltage, V
Rated current, IR
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.
Disp.

J+22
J+23
J+24
J+25
J+26
J+27
J+28
J+29
J+30
J+31
J+32

J+33
J+34
J+35
J+36
J+37
J+38
J+39
J+40
J+41
J+42
J+43
J+44
J+45
J+46
J+47
J+48

Disp.
Disp.
AGO threshold, VAGO2.,
Leaving AGO [pu]
Disp.
Disp.
Time Constant for FRT
Voltage Filter [s] (10ms filter)
Disp.
I_offset for LVRT curve
K Parameter for LVRT curve
QoffsetEnab for LVRT curve
(1 to enable offset)
Fassym flag for Asymmetrical
fault
(1 to enable asymmetrical
Derating; 0 is default)
Upper limit of reactive current
(CC_Lim)
Lower limit of reactive current
(IC_Lim)
Reactive Current Point1U
Reactive Current Point2U
Reactive Current Point4U
Reactive Current Point5U
Active Current Zone3U2
Active Current Zone3U1
Active Current Zone2U2
Active Current Zone2U1
Active Current Zone3I
Active Current Zone2I
Reactive Current Point1I
Reactive Current Point2I
Reactive Current Point5I
Lower limit of voltage
(U_LL_LIM)

Page: 36 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Issued by: Plant Products &


Technologies

Version 8.0
Higher limit of voltage
(U_HL_LIM)
Disp.
Qref Derate1
Qref Derate2
Qref Derate3
Qref Derate4
Asym Reduc deadband
Asym Reduc kfactor
Asym Reduc limit
TotalCF
Time Constant for one min
Voltage Filter [s]
Upper limit of OneMinAvg
Lower limit of OneMinAvg
HVRT Entry Threshold
HVRT Leaving Threshold
LVRT instantaneous Voltage
Threshold

J+49
J+50
J+51
J+52
J+53
J+54
J+55
J+56
J+57
J+58
J+59
J+60
J+61
J+62
J+63
J+64
STATE
K
K+1
K+2
K+3
K+4
K+5
K+6
K+7
K+8
K+9

VARs
L
L+1
L+2

Description
State for 10ms FRT Filter
State for 1 min Average Filter
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use
Not in use

Description
Saved time for slope limiters
Slope limit value for IP
Slope limit value for IQ

L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6
L+7
L+8
L+9
L+10
L+11
L+12
L+13
L+14
L+15
L+16
L+17
L+18
L+19
L+20
L+21
L+22
L+23
L+24
L+25
L+26
L+27
L+28
L+29
L+30
L+31
L+32
L+33
L+34

TM

Wind Turbines

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

Disp.
Input voltage for Ip calculation (Ip
priority)
Active current (Ip priority)
Upper limit of Iq (Ip priority)
Lower limit of Iq (Ip priority)
Voltage signal used to compare with
the threshold
Limited value of One minute moving
average
Disp.
Memory for old value of realVoltStat
negative sequence magnitude (U-)
Recorded Time for FRT entry
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Note: All power quantities are in per unit on the machine base. Slope limits are in p.u. per second.
TM
Note: For the parameters that are not used for GridStreamer , please use the default values as given in the
dyr template.
DYRE input line:
0 ' USRMDL ' 0 'GSLVRT ' 8 0 3 65 10 35 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) CON(J)CON(J+64) /

Page: 37 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.4 GSPWRC
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSPWRC
GSPWRC
VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATOR POWER CONTROL

This model is located at system bus


Machine ID
This model uses 3 ICONs at
and 30 CONs starting with
and 7 STATEs starting with
and 10 VARs starting with
ICONs
I
I+1
I+2

CONs
J
J+1
J+2
J+3

J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7
J+8
J+9
J+10
J+11
J+12
J+13
J+14
J+15
J+16
J+17
J+18

Value

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (I)
# ________ (J)
# ________ (K)
# ________ (L)

Description

Qind Degrade complete


Voltage (pu)
Degrade Qcap Level (pu)

J+19

No. of wind farm bus, IBUS


Wind farm machine ID, IMACH
Control mode (0 = Q control,
1 = PF control)

Value

Description
Real power export lim
Reactive pwr export lim
Reactive pwr import lim
Max active power when Q at
export limit
Max active power when Q at
import limit
Min power factor for export
at max real pwr
Min power factor for import
at max real pwr
Min power factor for export
at any pwr level
Min power factor for import
at any pwr level
P pos slope limit, RP+
P neg slope limit, RP-

J+20
J+21
J+22
J+23
J+24
J+25
J+26
J+27
J+28
J+29

Degrade Qind Level (pu)


Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

STATEs
K
K+1
K+2
K+3
K+4
K+5
K+6

Description
Active power reference filter
Reactive power reference filter
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Q pos slope limit, RQ+


Q neg slope limit, RQP ref time constant, TP
Q ref time constant, TQ
QoverP Flag
(0 for P priority and 1 for Q
Priority; 0 is default)
Qcap Degrade starting
Voltage (pu)
Qcap Degrade complete
Voltage (pu)
Qind Degrade starting
Voltage (pu)

VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6
L+7
L+8
L+9

Description
Saved time for slope limiters
Slope limit value for Pref
Slope limit value for Qref
Recorded AGO states
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Page: 38 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer
Version 8.0

TM

Wind Turbines

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

Note: All power quantities are in per unit on the machine base. Slope limits are in p.u. per second.
DYRE input line:
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) ICON(I+2) CON(J)CON(J+29)/

Page: 39 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.5 GSMEAS
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSMEAS
GSMEAS
VESTAS WIND TURBINE MEASUREMENTS MODEL

This model is located at system bus


Machine ID
This model uses 2 ICONs
and 10 CONs starting with
and 8 STATEs starting with
and 5 VARs
ICON

Value

I
I+1

CON

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (J)
# ________ (K)
# ________ (L)

Description
No. of wind farm bus, IBUS
Wind farm machine ID, IMACH

J
J+1
J+2
J+3
J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7
J+8
J+9

Value

Description
Real pwr time const, TP
React pwr time const, TQ
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

STATE

K
K+1
K+2
K+3
K+4
K+5
K+6
K+7

VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4

Description
Active power filter
Reactive power filter
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

Description
Saved AGO state
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

DYRE input line:


0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) CON(J) CON(J+9)/

Page: 40 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Issued by: Plant Products &


Technologies

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.6 GSVPRT
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSVPRT
GSVPRT

VOLTAGE PROTECTION FOR VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATORS

This model is located at system bus # ________ (IBUS)


Machine ID
# ________ (IMACH)
This model uses 7 ICONs starting with # ________ (I)
and 30 CONs starting with
# ________ (J)
and no STATEs
and 18 VARs starting with
# ________ (L)

ICON
I
I+1

Value

Description
No. of wind farm bus, IBUS
Wind farm machine ID,

Reserved for Future Version


LVRT extreme UV limit
LVRT extreme UV limit
timeout
LVRT short-term UV
LVRT Short-term UV timeout
LVRT mid-term UV
LVRT mid-term UV timeout
LVRT continuous UV limit
LVRT continuous UV
timeout

J+21
J+22
J+23

IMACH
Protection enable flag,

I+2

SPROT
I+3
I+4
I+5
I+6
CONs
J
J+1
J+2
J+3
J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7
J+8
J+9
J+10
J+11
J+12
J+13
J+14
J+15
J+16
J+17
J+18
J+19
J+20

LVRT protection flag, SLVRT


Lockout state (memory)
Relay state (memory)
Relay state (memory)

Value

J+24
J+25
J+26
J+27
J+28
J+29

Description
Extreme UV limit
Extreme UV timeout
Short-term UV limit
Short-term UV timeout
Continuous UV limit
Continuous UV timeout
Continuous OV limit
Continuous OV timeout
Short-term OV limit
Short-term OV timeout
Extreme OV1 limit
Extreme OV1 timeout
Extreme OV2 limit
Extreme OV2 timeout
Extreme OV3 limit
Extreme OV3 timeout
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version

VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6
L+7
L+8
L+9
L+10
L+11
L+12
L+13
L+14
L+15
L+16
L+17

Description
Saved time for extreme UV
Saved time for short-term UV
Saved time for mid-term UV
Not used, but holds last UV recovery
time
Saved time for mid-term OV
Saved time for short-term OV
Saved time for extreme OV1
Saved time for extreme OV2
Saved time for extreme OV3
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Reserved for Future Version
Saved time for LV extreme UV
Saved time for LV mid-t UV
Saved time for LV short-t UV
Not used, but holds last LVRT recovery
time

Note: All voltage quantities are in pu, time quantities in seconds. UV = undervoltage, OV = overvoltage. If
fewer than three distinct undervoltage and overvoltage levels are required, set two consecutive limit values
Page: 41 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

equal, and ensure both have the same timeout figure. Also, the following relationships must hold for
declaring the voltage limits if they are utilised:
ExtremeUV limit Short-term UV limit Continuous UV limit
Continous OV limit Short-term OV limit Extreme OV1 limit Extreme OV2 limit Extreme OV3 limit
LVRT extreme UV limit (Lowest LVRT voltage limit) LVRT short-term UV limit LVRT mid-term UV
limit LVRT continuous UV limit
DYRE input line:
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 ICON(I)ICON(I+6) CON(J)CON(J+29) /

Page: 42 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

8.7 GSFPRT
VESTAS R&D
Model Version 8.0.1

Nonstandard Model Data Sheet


GSFPRT
GSFPRT

FREQUENCY PROTECTION FOR VESTAS WIND TURBINE GENERATORS

This model is located at system bus


Machine ID
This model uses 3 ICONs starting with
and 12 CONs starting with
and no STATEs
and 7 VAR at

ICON
I
I+1
I+2

CONs
J
J+1

Value

# ________ (IBUS)
# ________ (IMACH)
# ________ (I)
# ________ (J)
# ________ (L)

No. of wind farm bus, IBUS


Wind farm machine ID, IMACH
Relay state (memory)

J+2
J+3
J+4
J+5
J+6
J+7

Value

timeout
Short-term Over-Freq limit
Short-term Over-Freq
timeout
Extreme Over-Freq limit
Extreme Over-Freq timeout

Description

Description
Extreme Under-Freq limit
Extreme Under-Freq
timeout
Short-term Under-Freq limit
Short-term Under-Freq
timeout
Continuous Under-freq limit
Continuous Under-freq
timeout
Continuous Over-freq limit
Continuous Over-freq

J+8
J+9
J+10
J+11
VARs
L
L+1
L+2
L+3
L+4
L+5
L+6

Description
Saved time for Extreme Under-Freq
Saved time for Short-term Under-Freq
Saved time for Continuous Under-Freq
Not_used, but can hold last Under-Freq
recovery time
Saved time for Continuous Over-Freq
Saved time for Short-term Over-Freq
Saved time for Extreme Over-Freq

Note: All frequency quantities are in pu, time quantities in seconds. If fewer than three distinct under frequency
and over frequency levels are required, set two consecutive limit values equal, and ensure both have the same
timeout figure. Also, the following relationships must hold for declaring the frequency limits if they are utilised:
Extreme Under-Freq limit Short-term Under-Freq limit Continuous Under-Freq limit
Continous Over-Freq limit Short-term Over-Freq limit Extreme Over-Freq limit

DYRE input line:


0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 ICON(I) ICON(I+1) ICON(I+2) CON(J)CON(J+11)/

Page: 43 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Issued by: Plant Products &


Technologies

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

Appendix A. Data for V112 GS 3.075/3.0MW 50/60Hz


A.1 PQ Capability Chart

P(X1,Y1)

P(X2,Y1)

Partia
l
PF_C Load
ap_M
in

Y1

P(X3,Y2)
Full Load
PF_Cap_Max

X3 = Mbase

(0 , 0)
0.2

l Load
Partia Min
d_
PF_In

0.1

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Ful
PF_ l Load
Ind_
Ma x

P(X3,Y3)
Y4 =Y4-Y1
P(X
P(X11,-Y
,Y14)

P(X
P(X44,-Y
,Y41))

-Q

Figure 11 Vestas V112 GS 3.075MW wind turbine PQ Capability Chart with active power (P) on X-axis
and reactive power (Q) on Y-axis. The above plot refers to LV (0.65kV) side of the WTG transformer and
with the LV side voltage between 0.9 p.u. and 1.1 p.u.

Table 15 Parameters of the PQ capability for V112 GS 3.075MW

Parameter
Mbase
[ X1, X2, X3, X4 ]
[ Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 ]
PF_Cap_Max (Full Load)
PF_Ind_Max (Full Load)
PF_Cap_Min (Partial Load)
PF_Ind_Min (Partial Load)

Units
MW
p.u.
p.u.
-

Values
3.075
[ 0.0 0.5002 1.0 0.5035]
[ 0.6504 0.5691 -0.3761 -0.6504]
0.8691
0.9360
0.0
0.0

Page: 44 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

A.2 Generator Data


Table 16 WTGs generator data for V112 GS 3.075MW
Rated Power

Rated Voltage

Machine Rsource* (pu)

3.075 MW
0.65 kV
*Per-unit parameters are on machine base.

Machine Xsource* (pu)

0.0044

0.8267

A.3 Typical Transformer Data


Table 17 Transformer data for V112 GS 3.075MW

No.
Parameter
1
Rated Power, MW
2
Winding base, MVA
3
Low Voltage rating, kV
4
High Voltage rating, kV
5
R*(pu)
6
X* (pu)
7
Vector Group
8
Tap Range
*Per-unit parameters are on winding MVA base.

Values
3.075
3.45
0.65
20.0
0.007
0.080
Dyn5
2 x 2.5%

A.4 PSS/E DYR File Template

Page: 45 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.075MW 50Hz Mk0E
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3075.0000
650.0000 3862.6569
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3500.0000 3500.0000 -3000.0000
3000.0000
1.0500
0.9000
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
3862.6569
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
750.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6504
-0.6504
0.5002
0.5035
0.8691
0.9360
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
11.0000
0.8500
11.0000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 3: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112 GS 3.075MW 50Hz

Page: 46 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.0MW 50Hz Mk0E
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3000.0000
650.0000 3768.4458
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3500.0000 3500.0000 -3000.0000
3000.0000
1.0500
0.9000
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
3768.4458
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
900.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6504
-0.6504
0.5002
0.5035
0.8691
0.9360
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
11.0000
0.8500
11.0000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 4: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112 GS 3.0MW 50Hz

Page: 47 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.075MW 60Hz Mk0E
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3075.0000
650.0000 3862.6569
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3500.0000 3500.0000 -3000.0000
3000.0000
1.0500
0.9000
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
3862.6569
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
750.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6504
-0.6504
0.5002
0.5035
0.8691
0.9360
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
11.0000
0.8500
11.0000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 5: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112 GS 3.075MW 60Hz

Page: 48 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.0MW 60Hz Mk0E
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3000.0000
650.0000 3768.4458
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3500.0000 3500.0000 -3000.0000
3000.0000
1.0500
0.9000
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
3768.4458
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
900.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6504
-0.6504
0.5002
0.5035
0.8691
0.9360
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
11.0000
0.8500
11.0000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 6: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112 GS 3.0MW 60Hz

Page: 49 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Issued by: Plant Products &


Technologies

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

Appendix B. Data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 50/60Hz


B.1 PQ Capability Chart

P(X1,Y1)

P(X2,Y1)

Partia
l
PF_C Load
ap_M
in

Y1

P(X3,Y2)
Full Load
PF_Cap_Max

X3 = Mbase

(0 , 0)
0.2

l Load
Partia Min
d_
PF_In

0.1

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

Ful
PF_ l Load
Ind_
Ma x

P(X3,Y3)
Y4 =Y4-Y1
P(X
P(X11,-Y
,Y14)

P(X
P(X44,-Y
,Y41))

-Q

Figure 12 Vestas V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW wind turbine PQ Capability Chart with active power (P) on
X-axis and reactive power (Q) on Y-axis. The above plot refers to LV (0.65kV) side of the WTG transformer and with the LV side voltage between 0.9 p.u. and 1.1 p.u.

Table 18 Parameters of the PQ capability for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW Offshore

Parameter
Mbase
[ X1, X2, X3, X4 ]
[ Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 ]
PF_Cap_Max (Full Load)
PF_Ind_Max (Full Load)
PF_Cap_Min (Partial Load)
PF_Ind_Min (Partial Load)

Units
MW
p.u.
p.u.
-

Values
3.3
[ 0.0 0.5002 1.0 0.4900]
[ 0.6667 0.5854 -0.3848 -0.6667]
0.8630
0.9333
0.0
0.0

Page: 50 of 53

User Manual

Item no.:0037-5870_V03

PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer

Issued by: Plant Products &


Technologies

TM

Wind Turbines

Version 8.0

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

B.2 Generator Data


Table 19 WTGs generator data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW
Rated Power

Rated Voltage

Machine Rsource* (pu)

3.3 MW
0.65 kV
*Per-unit parameters are on machine base.

Machine Xsource* (pu)

0.0047

0.8219

B.3 Typical Transformer Data


Table 20 Transformer data for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW

No.
Parameter
1
Rated Power, MW
2
Winding base, MVA
3
Low Voltage rating, kV
4
High Voltage rating, kV
5
R*(pu)
6
X* (pu)
7
Vector Group
8
Tap Range
*Per-unit parameters are on winding MVA base.

Values
3.3
3.75
0.65
20.0
0.007
0.080
Dyn5
2 x 2.5%

B.4 PSS/E DYR File Template

Page: 51 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer
Version 8.0

TM

Wind Turbines

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.3MW 50Hz Mk2A
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3300.0000
650.0000 4144.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3700.0000 3700.0000 -3300.0000
3300.0000
0.9700
0.8500
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
4144.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
600.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6667
-0.6667
0.5002
0.4900
0.8630
0.9333
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
10.2000
0.8500
10.2000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
47.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000
53.0000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 7: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 50Hz

Page: 52 of 53

Item no.:0037-5870_V03
Issued by: Plant Products &
Technologies

User Manual
PSS/E Model for Vestas GridStreamer
Version 8.0

TM

Wind Turbines

Date: 06/09/2013
Class: Restricted
Type: 05

/********************************************************************************
/
/ MODULE: Vestas Generic Model Dynamic Data Template for PSS/E
/ Model revision: 8.0.1
/ WTG type: V112 GridStreamer 3.3MW 60Hz Mk2A
/
/********************************************************************************
/ The lines below must be repeated for each wind generator or composite
/ wind farm generator that occurs in the network.
/ Terms in <angle brackets> must be replaced as follows:
/ <bus> with the generator bus number
/ <mach> with the machine ID
/ <WTGmode> with the control mode at WTG level: 0 for Q control, 1 for PF control
/********************************************************************************
<bus> 'USRMDL' '<mach>' 'GSCORE' 1 1 2 45 23 104 1 0
3300.0000
650.0000 4144.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.3500
7.8500
0.000082 940.0000 -3700.0000 3700.0000 -3300.0000
3300.0000
0.9700
0.8500
0.7500
1.0000
1.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0300
0.3000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVARS' 8 0 2 0 0 30 <bus> '<mach>' /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSLVRT' 8 0 3 65 10 35 <bus> '<mach>' 1
0.8500
0.0000
0.6000
10.0000
200.0000
100.0000
200.0000
0.0000
1.0800
0.0050
1.0050
1.4400
0.0000
650.0000
4144.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.9000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0100
0.0000
0.0000
2.0000
1.0000
0.0000
1.0500
-1.0000
1.2000
0.8500
0.1500
0.0500
0.1000
0.4900
0.5000
0.8000
0.3900
0.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0500
0.9000
1.1000
0.0000
0.8000
0.9000
1.1000
1.2000
0.1000
2.5000
0.6000
600.0000
60.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.2500
1.2000
0.7000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSPWRC' 8 0 3 30 7 10 <bus> '<mach>' <WTGmode>
1.0000
0.6667
-0.6667
0.5002
0.4900
0.8630
0.9333
0.0000
0.0000
0.1000
0.1000
20.0000
20.0000
0.0160
0.0160
0.0000
1.1000
1.2000
1.1000
1.2000
0.2200
-1.4000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSMEAS' 8 0 2 10 8 5 <bus> '<mach>'
0.0320
0.0320
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSVPRT' 0 2 7 30 0 18 <bus> '<mach>' 1 1 0 0 0
0.8500
10.2000
0.8500
10.2000
0.9000
60.0000
1.1000
3600.0000
1.2100
2.0000
1.3600
0.1500
1.3600
0.1500
1.2000
0.0800
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.5500
0.7000
2.6000
0.7000
10.0000
0.7000
10.0000 /
0 'USRMDL' 0 'GSFPRT' 0 2 3 12 0 7 <bus> '<mach>' 0
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
56.4000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000
63.6000
0.2000 /
/*********************************************************************************
Template 8: The PSS/E dyr file template for V112/V117/V126 GS 3.3MW 60Hz

Page: 53 of 53