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OM-2020

083086
Revised
030189

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE


MANUAL
with

ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST


for
PART NO. 489812 & 489812A

SOLID STATE VOLTAGE REGULATOR

CAUTION: Improper flashing will damage regulator! Never flash the exciter field winding of
equipment using this regulator with a grounded terminal battery. Disregard any instructions which tell you to ground the exciter winding or the battery providing the flashing voltage. The main generator output will be short circuited by the ground.

HOBART BROTHERS COMPANY

POWER SYSTEMS GROUP


TROY, OHIO 45373
U.S.A.

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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS FOR ELECTRICAL POWER EQUIPMENT

WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can KILL. Do not touch live electrical parts.
ELECTRIC ARC FLASH can injure eyes, burn skin, cause equipment damage, and ignite combustible material. DO NOT use power cables to break load and prevent tools from causing short circuits.
IMPROPER PHASE CONNECTION, PARALLELING, OR USE can damage this and attached
equipment.

Important: - Protect all operating personnel. Read, understand, and follow all instructions
in the Operating/Instruction Manual before installing, operating, or servicing the equipment.
Keep the manual available for future use by all operators.
A. GENERAL
Equipment that supplies electrical power can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or property. The operator must strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions. Safe
practices have been developed from past experience in the use of power source equipment. While certain practices below apply only to electrically-powered equipment, other practices apply to engine-driven
equipment, and some practices to both.
B. SHOCK PREVENTION
Bare conductors, or terminals in the output circuit, or ungrounded, electrically-live equipment can fatally shock a person. Have a certified electrician verify that the equipment is adequately grounded and
learn what terminals and parts are electrically HOT. Avoid hot spots on machine. Use proper safety
clothing, procedures, and test equipment.
The electrical resistance of the body is decreased when wet, permitting dangerous currents to flow
through it. When inspecting or servicing equipment, do not work in damp areas. Stand on a dry rubber
mat or dry wood, use insulating gloves when dampness or sweat cannot be avoided. Keep clothing dry,
and never work alone
1. Installation and Grounding of Electrically Powered Equipment
Equipment driven by electric motors (rather than by diesel or gasoline engines) must be installed and
maintained in accordance with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, or other applicable codes. A
power disconnect switch or circuit breaker must be located at the equipment. Check the nameplate for
voltage, frequency, and phase requirements. If only 3-phase power is available, connect any singlephase rated equipment to only two wires of the 3-phase line. DO NOT CONNECT the equipment grounding conductor (lead) to the third live wire of the 3-phase line, as this makes the equipment frame
electrically HOT, which can cause a fatal shock.
Always connect the grounding lead, if supplied in a power line cable, to the grounded switch box or
building ground. If not provided, use a separate grounding lead. Ensure that the current (amperage) capacity of the grounding lead will be adequate for the worst fault current situation. Refer to the National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA 70 for details. Do not remove plug ground prongs. Use correctly mating receptacles.
2. Output Cables and Terminals
Inspect cables frequently for damage to the insulation and the connectors. Replace or repair cracked
or worn cables immediately. Do not overload cables. Do not touch output terminal while equipment is energized.
3. Service and Maintenance
This equipment must be maintained in good electrical and mechanical condition to avoid hazards
stemming from disrepair. Report any equipment defect or safety hazard to the supervisor and discontinue
use of the equipment until its safety has been assured. Repairs should be made by qualified personnel

only.
Before inspecting or servicing electrically-powered equipment, take the following precautions:
a. Shut OFF all power at the disconnecting switch or line breaker before inspecting or servicing the
equipment.
b. Lock switch OPEN (or remove line fuses) so that power cannot be turned on accidentally.
c. Disconnect power to equipment if it is out of service.
d. If troubleshooting must be done with the unit energized, have another person present who is
trained in turning off the equipment and providing or calling for first aid.
C . FIRE AND EXPLOSION PREVENTION
Fire and explosion are caused by electrical short circuits, combustible material near engine exhaust
piping, misuse of batteries and fuel, or unsafe operating or fueling conditions.
1. Electrical Short Circuits and Overloads
Overloaded or shorted equipment can become hot enough to cause fires by self destruction or by
causing nearby combustibles to ignite. For electrically-powered equipment, provide primary input protection to remove short circuited or heavily overloaded equipment from the line.
2. Batteries
Batteries may explode and/or give off flammable hydrogen gas. Acid and arcing from a ruptured battery can cause fires and additional failures. When servicing,do not smoke, cause sparking, or use open
flame near the battery.
3. Engine Fuel
Use only approved fuel container or fueling system. Fires and explosions can occur if the fuel tank is
not grounded prior to or during fuel transfer. Shut unit DOWN before removing fuel tank cap.
DO
NOT completely fill tank, because heat from the equipment may cause fuel expansion overflow. Remove
all spilled fuel IMMEDIATELY, including any that penetrates the unit. After clean-up, open equipment
doors and blow fumes away with compressed air.
D. TOXIC FUME PREVENTION
Carbon monoxide - Engine exhaust fumes can kill and cause health problems. Pipe or vent the exhaust fumes to a suitable exhaust duct or outdoors. Never locate engine exhausts near intake ducts of air
conditioners.
E. BODILY INJURY PREVENTION
Serious injury can result from contact with fans inside some equipment. Shut DOWN such equipment
for inspection and routine maintenance. When equipment is in operation, use extreme care in doing necessary trouble-shooting and adjustment. Do not remove guards while equipment is operating.
F. MEDICAL AND FIRST AID TREATMENT
First aid facilities and a qualified first aid person should be available for each shift for immediate treatment of all injury victims. Electric shock victims should be checked by a physician and taken to a hospital
immediately if any abnormal signs are observed.

EMERGENCY FIRST AID


Call physician immediately. Seek additional assistance. Use First Aid techniques recommended by American Red Cross until medical help arrives.
IF BREATHING IS DIFFICULT, give oxygen, if available, and have victim lie down. FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK, turn off power. Remove victim; if not breathing, begin artificial respiration, preferably mouth-to-mouth. If no detectable pulse, begin external heart massage. CALL EMERGENCY
RESCUE SQUAD IMMEDIATELY.
G. EQUIPMENT PRECAUTIONARY LABELS
Inspect all precautionary labels on the equipment monthly. Order and inspect all labels that cannot be
easily read.

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Table of Contents
SAFETY WARNING
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT CHAPTER/SECTION

PAGE

CHAPTER 1. DESCRIPTION/OPERATION
SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION
1. General
2. Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1/1
3. Revisions to Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1/1
4. Customer Service1-1/1

SECTION 2. DESCRIPTION
1.General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2/1
2. Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2/1
A. Line Drop Compensator Circuit Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2/1
B. Voltage Regulator PC Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2/3

SECTION 3. INSTALLATION AND PREPARATION FOR USE


1. Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3/1
A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-3/1
1-3/1

2. Preparation for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3/1

SECTION 4. OPERATION
1. Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4/1

CHAPTER 2. MAINTENANCE
SECTION 1. DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
1. Sequence and Theory of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1/1

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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)


SUBJECT CHAPTER/SECTION

PAGE

SECTION 2. TROUBLESHOOTING
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Preliminary Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. Troubleshooting the Voltage Regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2/1
2-2/1
2-2/1

SECTION 3. VOLTAGE REGULATOR REMOVAL/INSTALLATION


1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Removal of Voltage Regulator from Generator Set
3. Replacement of Assemblies on the Voltage
Regulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.Installation of Voltage Regulator on Generator Set

. . . . . . . . . . 2-3/1
. .
. . . . . . . . . 2-3/1
. . . . . . . . . . 2-3/1
. .
. . . . . . . . . 2-3/1

SECTION 4. ADJUSTMENT AND TEST


1. Adjustment

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A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. Adjust Voltage Control (489812 & 489812A)
C. Adjust Line Drop Compensation Gain . . .
D. Adjust Line Drop Compensation Phase . .

2. Test the Voltage Regulator

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SECTION 5. INSPECTION AND CHECK


1. Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5/1
. .
2. Check the Voltage Regulator Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5/1

SECTION 6. CLEANING AND PAINTING


1. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6/1
2-6/1

A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6/1
B. Preparation for Painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6/1
C. Painting the Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6/1

SECTION 7. REPAIR
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7/1
. .
2. Removal/Replacement of Line Drop Compensator
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7/1
. .
3. Removal/Replacement of Voltage Regulator PC
Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7/1

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TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued)


SUBJECT CHAPTER/SECTION

PAGE

CHAPTER 3. ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST


SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION
1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1/1
A. Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B. Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2. Explanation of Parts List Form

3-1/1
3-1/1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1/1

A. FIGURE/ITEM NO. Column


B. HOBART PART NUMBER Column
C. NOMENCLATURE Column
D. EFF (Effectivity) Code
E. UNITS PER ASSEMBLY Column

3-1/1
3-1/1
3-1/1
3-1/1
3-1/2

SECTION 2.Manufacturers Codes


1. Explanation of Manufacturers Code List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2/1

SECTION 3. PARTS LIST


1. Explanation of Parts List Arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3/1
. .
2. Symbols and abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3/1

CHAPTER 4. DIAGRAMS

UNUSUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS

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CHAPTER 1. DESCRIPTION/OPERATION
SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION
1. Scope
This manual contains information and instructions for a solid state voltage regulator, Part No. 489812,
& 489812A manufactured by Hobart Brothers Company, Power Systems Division, Troy, Ohio
45373, U.S.A.
An illustrated parts list is contained in Chapter 3.

2. Purpose
The purpose of this manual is to provide operators and maintenance personnel with instructions and
information which will guide and assist them in the efficient operation and maintenance of this equipment.

3. Revisions to Manual
Revised or added information in this manual will be indicated by a solid black line near the left hand
margin opposite the new material.

4. Customer Service
If you have any questions concerning your Hobart Power Systems Division Equipment equipment,
you are invited to contact our Service Department by mail, telephone, or FAX.

Write:

Hobart Brothers Company


Power Systems Division
Service Department
Troy, Ohio 45373, U.S.A.

Call:

Area Code (513) 332-5060

FAX:

(513) 339-4219

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SECTION 2. DESCRIPTION
1.General
A. This voltage regulator (Figure 1) is designed to provide 1% voltage regulation for all loads up to
100% of rated load on a three-phase, four-wire, 115/200-volt, 400-Hz brushless alternator. This regulator provides field excitation power as required to meet varying alternator load conditions to hold the
alternator voltage constant.
B. The voltage regulator consists of two basic interconnected assemblies:
(1) Line Drop Compensator Assembly
(2) Voltage Regulator PC Assembly
C. Any deviation of the alternator voltage from its set, regulated level is sensed at the voltage regulator PC board. The sensing signal is compared to a reference signal, and, with associated circuitry, varies the field power supplied to the rotary exciter.

2. Components
Refer to Figure 1. The line drop compensator assembly (5) and the voltage regulator PC board assembly, (4) and (2), are mounted on a chassis along with a terminal board (10) and 19-pin receptacle
connector (11). The PC board assembly consists of the PC board itself (4) and its protective cover (2).
A. Line Drop Compensator Circuit Components
(1) Refer to Schematic Diagram 280003 and Connection Diagram 280004 for 489812 Regulator
and Connection Diagram 181440 for 489812A Regulator in Chapter 4. The line drop voltage compensation circuit consists of:
(a) A current transformer (T1, T2, T3) on each phase of the load circuit.
(b) A fixed inductance (L6, L7, L8), and variable resistance (R6) in series with each of the
phase lines leading to the voltage detection circuit.
(c) A toggle switch (S1) for bypassing the line drop compensator.
(d) A variable resistance (R7) in series with each current transformer input to the regulator.
(e) A fixed resistance (R3, R4, R5) in parallel with each current transformer.
(2) The current transformers detect the magnitude and power factor of current flowing through the
power cables from the alternator to its load and feed a signal into the resistance and inductance
ahead of the voltage detection circuit opposing the voltage sensed by that circuit. The voltage actually sensed by the voltage detection circuit is therefore lower than the actual alternator voltage
by an amount proportional to the magnitude and power factor of the load current and thus proportional to the voltage drop between the alternator and its load. The regulator output increases
slightly so that the alternator output voltage is equal to the regulated voltage plus the voltage drop
in the lines. The variable resistances may be adjusted to match exactly the impedence of the
power cables carrying the load current.

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1. Voltage Regulator Chassis


2. Cover, Regulator PC Board
3. Caution Label
4. Regulator PC Board (mounted
under item (2)
5. Line Drop Compensator Assembly
6. Cable length compensation
rheostat Adjustment

7. Cable size compensation rheostat


8. On-off switch
9. Nameplate
10. Terminal Strip
11. Receptacle Connector (19-Pin)
12. Connector Housing (10-pin)
13. Voltage Control Potentiometer

Solid State Voltage Regulator


Figure 1

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B. Voltage Regulator PC Board (4, Figure 1, and Figure 2)


The voltage regulator PC board assembly is a non-repairable assembly and includes circuitry for voltage build-up, voltage regulation, voltage recovery, and line drop compensation using signals from the
line drop compensator assembly.

Voltage Regulator PC Board


Figure 2

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SECTION 3. INSTALLATION AND PREPARATION FOR USE


1. Installation
A. General
(1) This voltage regulator is designed primarily for drawer-type mounting. However, it is not attitude
sensitive and may be mounted in any position without affecting its operation. In some installations it
is mounted in what appears to be a backward position, which may make reading the instruction plate
for cable compensation adjustment somewhat difficult.
(2) The regulator does not dissipate large amounts of power, but certain components, especially the
line drop compensator rheostats and regulator power transistor, need a reasonable amount of air for
convection cooling. For this reason, the regulator should not be mounted in a small airtight enclosure
which would prevent air circulation around the line drop chassis assembly.
(3) Four mounting holes (one in each corner of the main chassis) are provided for attaching the regulator. Position the regulator in its mounted location and install with appropriate attaching hardware
(nuts and/or screws, and washers)
B. Connections
All electrical connections to the regulator are made through a nineteen pin receptacle connector (1-2,
Fig. 1) which is bracket mounted on the chassis.

2. Preparation for Use


A. No special preparation is necessary to place the regulator in service other than the following
checks and inspections:
(1) Check all terminal lug type connections for security.
(2) Check all plug and receptacle type connectors to make certain they are firmly mated.
B. It may be necessary to adjust a new regulator at initial start-up after installation. (See Chapter 2,
Section 4).

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SECTION 4. OPERATION
1. Operating Procedures

A. Operating procedures, as such, are not applicable to the solid state voltage regulator because it requires no start, stop, or operating instructions. See Chapter 2, Section 4 for initial start-up adjustments and procedures.
B. Make certain the line drop compensator switch (1-2; 5, Fig. 1) is in the ON position when operating
the generator set.

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CHAPTER 2. MAINTENANCE
SECTION 1. DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
1. Sequence and Theory of Operation
A description of the sequence of events, which occur when the solid state regulator is in operation, is
presented here to give maintenance personnel a better understanding of how and why the unit operates, and thus assist them in the adjustment and troubleshooting of the equipment.

A. When the machine is started, the rotary exciter is excited from alternator residual magnetism through the starting relay and the half-wave rectifier bridge, both located on the voltage
regulator PC board assembly. As the rotary exciter voltage increases, alternator excitation increases and the alternator voltage builds up. When this voltage becomes high enough, the
build-up relay switches the voltage regulator into the circuit. The sensing circuit of the voltage
regulator PC then compares the input voltage to a reference voltage and adjusts the field
power of the rotary exciter to bring the voltage into regulation limits.
B. The voltage at which the alternator is regulated may be varied by changing the position of
the slider on the Volts Adjust potentiometer.

C. Voltage Regulation
(1) Load applied
When the alternator is loaded, its terminal voltage decreases, lowering the rectified threephase voltage of the voltage sensing circuit. The sensing voltage is low in respect to its
referencce voltage, causing the voltage regulator PC circuitry to increase the power to
the field of the rotary exciter. The alternator voltage increases until the voltage returns to
its regulated value.
(2) Load removed
When a load is removed from the alternator, the alternator voltage rises. The rectified
three-phase voltage sensing signal increases, causing this signal to be larger than the reference signal. The associated voltage regulator circuitry causes the field power of the rotary exciter to decrease, lowering the alternator voltage until the voltage returns to
regulated value.

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SECTION 2. TROUBLESHOOTING
1. General
For the convenience of maintenance personnel, this voltage regulator is designed to be trouble-free
and simple to put back into service once it has malfunctioned or if it is not functioning properly. The
heart of the solid state voltage regulator is the regulator PC board (Section 1-2, 4, Fig. 1, and Fig. 2).
Most malfunctions of the voltage regulator will be corrected by (1) removing and replacing the PC
board, and (2) making voltage and line-drop adjustments after installing the new board.

2. Preliminary Checks
Before determining that the voltage regulator is defective, perform the following checks:
A. Check the 5A fuse on the regulator PC board to be certain that it is good.
B. check all connections on the regulator to make certain that they are tight and secure.
C. Make certain also that the line drop compensator switch (1-2; 8, Fig. 1) is in the ON position for checking line drop compensation.

3. Troubleshooting the Voltage Regulator


Troubleshooting of the solid-state voltage regulator begins logically with a check of the regulator PC
board. In most instances this check can be made without removing the voltage regulator from the generator set. This is simply a matter of disconnecting the suspect PC board from the regulator wiring assembly and connecting in its place a PC board which works properly. Proceed as follows:
CAUTION: SHUT OFF THE GENERATOR SET BEFORE WORKING ON THE VOLTAGE
REGULATOR.
A. Carefully disconnect the rectangular plug connector of the regulator wiring assembly from
the suspect PC board. This can be done, if done carefully, without removing the regulator PC
cover (Section 1-2; 2, Fig. 1).
B. Connect a properly working PC board to the regulator wiring assembly.
C. Place a piece of insulating material between the properly working PC board and the metal
PC board cover (Section 1-2; 2, Fig. 1). Do this to avoid short circuiting the bottom of the properly working PC board to the cover
D. Start the generator set and perform the tests and adjustments according to instructions in
Section 2-4.
E. If the generator set works properly with the properly working PC board temporarily connected to the voltage regulator, shut off the generator set and replace the defective PC board
with one that is properly working. On most Hobart generator sets, it is possible to remove and
replace the PC board quickly without removing the voltage regulator from the generator set.
See Section 2-7, Para. 3 for removal and replacement instructions.

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NOTE: Preferably, the defective PC board should be replaced with the same PC board used for this
troubleshooting check. This would eliminate the need for again doing tests and adjustments, as
would be required with another PC board.
F. If these tests and adjustments with the properly working PC board fail to correct the regulator malfunction, follow the same procedure as above for checking the line drop compensator
assembly. Refer to Section 2-4 for test and adjustment procedure, and to Section 2-7, Para.
2 for removal and replacement procedure.

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SECTION 3. VOLTAGE REGULATOR REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION


1. General
Due to the design of this solid state voltage regulator, and because of its compact size, troubleshooting and repair can often be done without removing it from the generator set. This on-the-unit troubleshooting and repair is explained in Sections 2-2 and 2-4. However, if removal and replacement of
the entire voltage regulator is necessary, follow the procedure given below.

2. Removal of Voltage Regulator from Generator Set


A. Disconnect the 19-pin connector (1-2; 11, Fig. 1).
B. Remove the regulators attaching hardware, and exercise care to avoid dropping the unit.
C. Place the unit on a clean workbench, allowing enough room to work on it.

3. Replacement of Assemblies on the Voltage Regulator


Refer to repair instructions in Section 2-7 for procedures for replacement of assemblies on the voltage
regulator.

4.Installation of Voltage Regulator on Generator Set


A. Place the voltage regulator in its proper mounting position.
B. Fasten the voltage regulator in place with its attaching hardware, and make certain that it is
mounted securely.
C. Re-connect the 19-pin connector, and make certain that this connection is securely made.

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SECTION 4. ADJUSTMENT AND TEST


1. Adjustment
A. General
(1) When a voltage regulator is first put into service, it may require an adjustment of the regulated output voltage.
(2) The generator set must be running at rated RPM, under no-load conditions, when voltage regulation adjustment is made. Adjust the regulator as follows:
B. Adjust Voltage Control ( 489812 REGULATOR & 489812A REGULATOR)
(1) The output voltage at which the generator is regulated is adjust table by the PC board potentiometer adjustment (1-2, 13, Fig. 1).
(2) Turn the potentiometer adjustment counterclockwise (CCW) to increase generator output voltage,
and clockwise (CW) to decrease voltage.
(3) Observe the output voltage as indicated by the voltmeter which is located on the control panel of
the generator set. Set output voltage at 115-V AC line-to-neutral (200-V AC line-to-line).
C. Adjust Line Drop Compensation Gain
Adjustment of line drop compensation magnitude is made with the knob marked Foot Compensation
(6) on the line drop compensator module. The knob dial is calibrated for approximate cable length in
feet. The Foot Compensation knob controls a rheostat which limits the current flowing in the compensation circuit. The setting of the rheostat resistance determines the magnitude of the compensation.
Rotating the knob clockwise increases the magnitude of the compensation, and rotating counterclockwise decreases the magnitude. To adjust the line drop compensation gain, proceed as follows:
(1) Connect the generator set output cables to a load.
(2) Make certain that the line compensation switch (8) is in the ON position.
(3) Set the Foot Compensation knob to a dial setting corresponding to the length of the output cables being used.
D. Adjust Line Drop Compensation Phase
The compensation circuit must be adjusted to match not only the voltage drop in the power cables to
the load, but must be adjusted to match the phase of the voltage drop. This is done by adjusting the
relative magnitude of the reactor and resistive compensation with the Cable Size knob (7). This
knob is calibrated in cable sizes, and controls a varied resistance in series with a fixed reactance. The
power factor of the compensation circuit is varied by varying the resistance and leaving the reactance
constant. Rotating the knob clockwise increases the resistive component of the compensation circuit,
and simulates a smaller cable. Rotating the knob counterclockwise decreases the resistive component of the compensation. Adjust the line drop compensation phase as follows:
(1) Set the Cable Size knob (7) to a dial setting corresponding to the size of the output cables.
(2) Adjust the generator voltage control potentiometer (13) to the desired value if the line drop
compensator adjustments have affected the no-load voltage output.

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(3) Load the generator set with the largest available three-phase load of rated power factor not exceeding the maximum rating of the generator set. If the load voltage rises or drops more than 1%
at the load end of the cables, decrease or increase the setting of the load Foot Compensation
knob until the regulation is flat.
(4) Load the generator set with the largest available three-phase unity power factor load within the
rating of the generator set. If voltage rises or drops more than 1% at full load, adjust the Cable
Size setting until flat regulation is obtained. If it is necessary to adjust the cable size setting, repeat step (3) above.

2. Test the Voltage Regulator


After necesssary adjustments have been completed, test the voltage regulator as follows:
A. Connect a voltmeter at the load end of the generator output cables.
B. Operate the generator set at no-load and observe voltage reading.
C. Operate the generator set under load and observe voltage reading.
D. Voltage under load should vary no more than 1% at the load end of the cables from voltage under no-load.
NOTE: The panel mounted voltmeter will indicate a higher voltage than indicated by a voltmeter at
the load end of the output cables. The amount of variance will depend upon cable length and size.

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SECTION 5. INSPECTION AND CHECK


1. Inspection
A. General
Inspect the voltage regulator periodically, at the same time other inspections of the generator set are
made.
B. Inspect Connectors and Terminals
(1) Inspect connectors for full engagement.
(2) Inspect terminals for security.
C. Inspect Wiring Inspect wire insulation for cracks and damage.
D. Inspect Attaching Parts Inspect attaching hardware for security
E. Inspect Regulator Fuse on PC Board
When replacing this fuse, replace it with the EXACT SAME type and rating of fuse.

2. Check the Voltage Regulator Unit


If it is necessary to check electrical operation of the voltage regulator, refer to Section 2-4 for the test
and adjustment procedure to be used.

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SECTION 6. CLEANING AND PAINTING


1. Cleaning
WARNING: ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL! REMOVE POWER BEFORE
CLEANING REGULATOR.
A. MAKE CERTAIN THAT COMPRESSED AIR IS CLEAN AND DRY.
B. DO NOT USE FLAMMABLE OR CONDUCTIVE CLEANERS.
C. EXERCISE CARE TO AVOID DAMAGE TO COMPONENTS.

Under normal operating conditions, very little cleaning is required; however, when operating under
dusty conditions, it may be necessary to periodically clean the regulator with compressed air.

2. Painting
A. General
Only the sheet metal components of the voltage regulator are painted. Electrical and electronic components should never be painted.

B. Preparation for Painting


(1) Remove regulator from control box (or from its mounted position) and place it on a clean workbench.
(2) Disassemble as required to remove the component (s) to be painted.
(3) Prepare the surface to be painted by sanding. Remove all rust.
(4) Use tape to mask any electronic or electrical components not removed in step (2) above.
(5) Prime all bare metal surfaces with red oxide primer, Hobart No. 903318, or equivalent.

C. Painting the Unit


(1) Make certain that all surfaces are clean and dry.
(2) Paint all prepared surfaces with gray enamel paint, Hobart No. 903316, or equivalent.

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SECTION 7. REPAIR
1. General
For the convenience of maintenance personnel, this voltage regulator is designed to be trouble-free
and simple to put back into service once it has malfunctioned or if it is not functioning properly. Flight
line repair is limited to removal and replacement of either the Voltage Regulator PC Board assembly
or the Line Drop Compensator assembly, depending on whether the malfunction of the voltage regulator is poor voltage regulation or poor line drop compensation. Refer to Figure 1, Section 1-2.
It is not recommended that repairs be attempted on the voltage regulator PC board, because voltage
regulation could be seriously affected if replacement parts are not identical to the original parts. Therefore a defective PC board assembly should be replaced with a PC board assembly known to be good.
The line drop compensator assembly, like the PC board, does not lend itself to flight line repair. To put
the voltage regulator back into service after a line drop malfunction, the line drop compensator assembly should be replaced with an assembly known to be good.

2. Removal/Replacement of Line Drop Compensator Assembly


Removal of this assembly (1-2; 5, Fig. 1) from the voltage regulator requires only that one disconnect
the 10-pin connector housing (1-2; 12, Fig. 1) and remove the four screws which fasten the assembly
to the regulator. Replacement of this assembly with one known to be good is simply a matter of
mounting the replacement assembly in place, re-installing the four attaching screws securely, and reconnecting the 10-pin amphenol connector, making certain that the this connection is secure.
Refer to Section 2-3, Para. 4 for instructions on installing the voltage regulator on the generator set after replacement of the line drop compensator assembly. Install the voltage regulator accordingly.

3. Removal/Replacement of Voltage Regulator PC Board Assembly


A. To remove this assembly (1-2; 5, Fig. 1) from the voltage regulator, proceed as follows:
(1) Remove the attaching hardware (four hex nuts, lock-washers and flat washers) which fasten the PC board cover (2) to the voltage regulator (on 489812 Regulators).
(2) Disconnect the regulator wiring assembly from the PC board. The wiring assembly attaches to the PC board at a socket connector on the board similar to the one which is
mounted on the line drop compensator assembly.
(3) The voltage regulator PC board is fastened to the voltage regulator unit with four plastic
PC locking supports, one in each corner of the board. To remove the PC board, use a small
screwdriver to push in the tab of each PC support, one at a time, while lifting the PC board
from the supports.

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B. To install the replacement PC board on the voltage regulator, proceed as follows:
(1) Make certain that the PC board is positioned properly (such that the 12-pin connector of
the PC board is close to the line drop compensator assembly) and press the PC board gently
down onto the plastic locking PC supports.
(2) Connect the regulator wiring assembly to the newly-installed PC board. Make certain that
this connection is securely made.
(3) Re-mount the PC board cover, and tighten it down onto the voltage regulator with its attaching hardware (hex nuts, locknuts, and flat washers).
(4) Make compensation and voltage adjustments, if required, in accordance with instructions
in Section 2-4.
(5) Refer to Section 2-3, Para. 4 for instructions on installing the voltage regulator on the generator set after the replacement of the PC board. Install the voltage regulator accordingly.

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CHAPTER 3. ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST


SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION
1. General
A. Scope
The Illustrated Parts List identifies, describes, and illustrates all components of the Solid State Voltage Regulator, Hobart Part No. 489812 & 489812A, with the exception of minor hardware.
B. Purpose
The purpose of the Illustrated Parts List is to provide maintenance and provisioning personnel with
identification and descriptive data for use in the provisioning, requisitioning, storing, and issuing of
spare parts.

2. Explanation of Parts List Form


This form is divided into five columns. Beginning at the left side of the form and proceeding to the
right, columns are identified as follows:
A. FIGURE/ITEM NO. Column
This column lists the figure number of the illustration applicable to the list and also identifies each
part in the illustration by an item number which appears on the illustration. Assemblies and subassemblies which are illustrated in their disassembled state will not be identified by an item number.
B. HOBART PART NUMBER Column
ALL part numbers appearing in this column are Hobart numbers. In all instances where the part
is a purchased item, the vendors identifying five-digit code and his part number will appear in the
NOMENCLATURE column. Vendor parts which are modified by Hobart Brothers will be identified as such in the NOMENCLATURE column. In case Hobart Brothers does not have an identifying part number for a purchased part, the HOBART PART NUMBER column will reflect NO
NUMBER and the vendors mumber will be shown in the NOMENCLATURE column. Parts
manufactured by Hobart Brothers reflect no vendor code or vendor part number in the NOMENCLATURE column.
C. NOMENCLATURE Column
The item identifying name appears in this column. The indenture method is used to indicate item
relationship. Thus, components of an assembly are listed directly below the assembly and indented one space. Vendor codes and part numbers for purchased parts are shown in this column. Hobart modification to vendor items is also noted in this column.

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D. EFF (Effectivity) Code
Code letters (A, B, C, etc.) are used in this column to indicate the use of parts where more
than one model or type of machine is covered by the parts list. Since this manual covers only one
model of voltage regulator, this column is not used in this manual.

UNCODED PARTS ARE USED ON ALL REGULATORS


Parts coded A are used on 489812 only.
Parts coded B are used on 489812A only.
E. UNITS PER ASSEMBLY Column
This column indicates the quantity of parts required for an assembly or subassembly in which the
part appears. This column does not necessarily reflect the total used in the complete end item.

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SECTION 2. MANUFACTURERS
1. Explanation of Manufacturers (Vendor) Code List
The following list is a compilation of vendor codes with names and addresses for suppliers of purchased parts listed in this publication. The codes are in accordance with the Federal Supply Codes
for Manufacturers Cataloging Handbook H4-1, and are arranged in numerical order.

CODE

VENDORS NAME AND ADDRESS

02660

Bunker-Ramo Eltra Corp. Amphenol Division 2801 S. 25th Avenue


Broadview, Il 60153

15605

Eaton Corporation Operations and Technical Center 4201 N.


27th St. Milwaukee, WI 53216

44655

Ohmite Manufacturing Co. 3601 W. Howard St. Skokie, IL 60076

50508

Magnetic Components, Inc. 9520 Ainslie St. Schiller Park, IL 60176

52238

Richlok Corporation 5825 N. Tripp Avenue Chicago, IL 60646

75376

Kurz-Kash, Inc. 2271 Arbor Blvd., P.O. Box 1246 Dayton, OH 45401

88223

General Products Corp. 107 Salem St. Union Springs, NY 13160

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SECTION 3. PARTS LIST


1. Explanation of Parts List Arrangement
The parts list is arranged so that the illustration will appear on a left-hand page and the applicable
parts list will appear on the opposite right-hand page. Unless the list is unusually long, the user will be
able to look at the illustartion and read the parts list without turning a page.

2. Symbols and abbreviations


The folllowing is a list of symbols and abbreviations used in the parts list.
*
- item not illustarted
A, or AMP
- ampere
AC
- alternating current
AR
- as required
DC
- direct current
Fig.
- figure
hd.
- head
hex
- hexagon
Hz
- Hertz (cycles-per-second)
I.D.
- inside diameter
IN
- inch
kVA
- kilovolt-ampere
uF
- microfarad
No.
- number
OM
- Owners Manual
PRV
- peak reverse
PSI
- pounds per square inch
Ref
- reference ( the item has been listed previously)
TM
- Technical Manual
v
- volt (when used as a prefix to a five-digit number, indicates vendor code)

NOTE: An item which does not reflect an index number is an assembly which is not illustrated in its
assembled state, or it is similar (right-hand, left-hand, top, etc.) to an item which is illustarted.

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Solid State Voltage Regulator Assembly


Figure 1

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NOMENCLATURE
FIGURE

HOBART

ITEM NO.

PART NO.

1234567

1-

UNITS
PER
EFF

ASSY

489812

REGULATOR, VOLTAGE, ASSEMBLY

489812A

REGULATOR, VOLTAGE, ASSEMBLY

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

180075
430340
430470
402373
W-11597
1CZ-70
1CZ-97
401563-3
1CZ-105

1
1
1
1
2
1
3
1

1CZ-128

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
* 17

370141
402376
401911-3
180074
180029
408537
489811
404460-1

*18
*19
*20

408542-1
181419
373274

CHASSIS, REGULATOR
. CHASSIS, LINE DROP COMPENSATION, ASSY
. . CHASSIS
. . NAMEPLATE, LINE COMPENSATION
. . KNOB, POINTER, V75376, NO. S-292-3L
. . SWITCH, ON-OFF, V15605, NO. 7610K2
. . REACTOR, LINE DROP, V50508, NO. E-3963
. . HOUSING, PIN CONNECTOR
. . RHEOSTAT, TRIPLE TANDEM, V44655,
NO. H-10-F2-T3
. . RHEOSTAT, TRIPLE TANDEM, V44655,
NO. 6610
. BRACKET, MOUNTING, PLUG
. RECEPTACLE, V02660, NO. MS-1302A-22-14P
. TERMINAL BOARD, V88223, NO. 441-3
. NAMEPLATE, MODEL, SERIAL NO.
. BRACKET, MOUNTING, CHASSIS
A
. LABEL, CAUTION
A
. BOARD, PC, VOLTAGE REGULATOR,
. SUPPORT, PC, BOARD, LOCKING, V52238,
NO. LCBS-10
A
. GUARD, STRIP TERMINAL
B
. BOX, P.C. BOARD, ASSEMBLY
B
. SPACER, BOARD, P.C.
B

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
1
4

* Not Illustrated

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CHAPTER 4. DIAGRAMS
Diagram No.

Diagrams

280003 (489812 & 489812A)


280004 (489812 ONLY)
181440 (489812A ONLY)

Schematic Diagram, Line Drop Compensator Assembly


Connection Diagram, Line Drop Compensator Assembly
Connection Diagram, Line Drop Compensator Assembly

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UNUSUAL SERVICE CONDITIONS


This information is a general guideline and cannot cover all possible conditions of equipment use.
The specific local environments may be dependent upon conditions beyond the manufacturers control. The manufacturer should be consulted if any unusual conditions of use exist which may affect
the physical condition or operation of the equipment.
Among such conditions are:
1. Exposure to:
A. Combustible, explosive, abrasive or conducting dusts.
B. Environments where the accumulation of lint or excessive dirt will interfere with normal ventilation.
C. Chemical fumes, flammable or explosive gases.
D. Nuclear radiation.
E. Steam, salt-laden air, or oil vapor.
F. Damp or very dry locations, radiant heat, vermin infestation, or atmospheres conducive to fungus growth.
G. Abnormal shock, vibration or mechanical loading from external sources during equipment operation.
H. Abnormal axial or side thrust imposed on rotating equipment shafts.
I. Low and/or high ambient temperatures.
J. High electromagnetic fields.
2. Operation at:
A. Voltages above or below rated voltage.
B. Speeds other than rated speed.
C. Frequency other than rated frequency.
D. Standstill with rotating equipment windings energized.
E. Unbalanced voltages.
F. Operation at loads greater than rated.
3. Operation where low acoustical noise levels are required.
4. Operation with:
A. Improper fuel, lubricants or coolant.
B. Parts or elements unauthorized by the manufacturer.
C. Unauthorized modifications.
5. Operation in poorly ventilated areas.

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