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IS 15430 (2003): Rubber Seals - Joint Rings Used for Gas


Supply Pipes and Fittings - Material [MED 30: Gaskets and
Packing]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

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IS 15430:2003
ISO 6447:1983

Gil@ti(f %)-titiml-mf$lti
Indian Standard

RUBBER SEALSJOINT
RINGS USED FOR GAS
SUPPLY PIPES AND FITTINGSSPECIFICATION
FOR MATERIAL

ICS

75,200; 83. 140.50; 91.140.40

0 B!S 2003

BUREAU
MANAK

D(?cem~er 2003

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS

9 BAHADUR
SHAH
NEW
DELHI
110002

ZAFAR

MARG

Price Group

Gaskets and Packing Sectional Committee,

NATIONAL

ME 30

FOREWORD

fings
used
for gas
This Indian Standard which is identical with 1S0 6447:1983
Rubber seal~Joint
supply pipes and fittings Specification
for material issued by the International Organization
for
Standardization
(ISO) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the recommendations
of the
Gaskets and Packing Sectional Committee and approval of the Mechanical Engineering Division Council.

The text of ISO Standard has been approved as suitable for publication as an Indian Standard without
deviations. Certain conventions are, however, not identical to those used in Indian Standards. Attention
is particularly drawn to the following:
a)

Wherever the words International


be read as Indian Standard.

Standard appear referring to this standard, they should

b)

Comma (,) has been used as a decimal marker, while in Indian Standards, the current practice
is to use a point (.) as the decimal marker.

In this adopted standard, reference appears to the following International Standard for which Indian
Standard also exists. The corresponding Indian Standard which is to be substituted in its place is listed
below along with its degree of equivalence for the edition indicated:
International

Corresponding

Standard

Indian

Standard

Degree of
Equivalence
Identical

IS 3400 (Part 2) :2003 Methods of test


for vulcanized
rubber: Part 2 Rubber,
vulcanized
or thermoplastic
Determination of hardness (hardness between
10 lRt-tD and 100 IRHD) (third revision)

ISO 48:1994 Rubber, vulcanized


or thermoplastic Determination
of hardness (hardness between
10 IRHD and 100 IRHD)

The Technical Committee has reviewed the provisions of the following ISO Standards, to which reference
is made in the text and has decided that they are acceptable for use in conjunction with this standard:

/s0

Title

NO.

1s0 37:1994

Rubber, vulcanized Determination

ISO 188:1998

Rubber, vulcanized Accelerated

ageing or heat resistance tests

1s0 471:1995

Rubber Standard temperatures,


testing of test pieces

humidities and times for conditioning

ISO 812:1991

Rubber, vulcanized Determination

ISO 815:

Rubber, vulcanized Determination


elevated temperatures

19911)

of tensile stress-strain

of compression

set at normal

Rubber, vulcanized Determination

of compression

1S01817

Rubber, vulcanized

of the effect of liquids

Since

ISO 1653

and at

set at low temperatures

Rubber, products Guidelines for storage

ISO 2230:2002

21

Determination

and

of brittleness temperature

ISO 16532)
:1998

properties

revised

in 1991,

Technical

has been replaced

Corrigendum

by ISO815

1:1993

to ISO815

:1991.

:1991.

(Continued

on third cover)

IS 15430:2003
ISO 6447:1983

Indian Standard

RUBBER SEALSJOINT
RINGS USED FOR GAS
SUPPLY PIPES AND FITTINGSSPECIFICATION
FOR MATERIAL

Scope and field

of application

ISO 48,

Vulcanized rubbers

Determination

of hardness

(Hardnessbetween30 and 85 IRHD).


This International
for

vulcanized

(manufactured
operating

Standard
solid

and natural

temperatures

Some general
given.

specifies requirements

rubber

sealing

for the finished joint rings are also

ISO 471, Rubber Standard temperatures, humidities and


times for the conditioning and testing of test pieces.

are other

joint rings, particularly

sealing

system

This International
pipeline
In the

materials

requirements
related

Standard
including

case of composite

contact

pipes and fittings

for the
functional

pipeline

in national

design and after agreement


user, the materials

fuel

ISO 188, Rubber, vulcanized Accelerated ageing or heatresistance tests.

If there

and

gaseous

up to 50 C.

requirements

addhionally

for materials

for

at

gas) supply

finished
specified

rings

performance

of the

tests for the actual

materials,

they

between

rings,

to joint

rings for all

plastics.

depending

the manufacturer

on their

of 5.7 of this International

Rubber, vulcanized
ISO 1853,
sion set at low temperatures. 3)

Determination of compres-

and the

used for any rubber parts not coming

into

with gaseous fuel shall not have to comply with the re-

quirement

of brittleness

ISO 815, Rubber, vulcanized Determination of compression


set at normal and at high tempemtures. z)

iron, steel, copper,


sealing

Determination

shall be

standards.

is applicable

ISO 812, Rubber, vulcanized


temperature. 1)

ISO 1817, Rubber, vulcanized liquids. 4

Determination of the effect of

Standard.

ISO 2230, Vulcanized rubbers Guide to storage.

Joint rinasmadefrom cellularrubber


voids

as- part of their


Standard.

ISO 3302, Rubber Dimensional tolemnces of sofid moulded


and extruded products.

References

ISO 3384, Rubber, vulcanized Determination of stress relaxation in compression at normal and at elevated temperatures.

national

design

materials or with enclosed


are not included in this lnter-

1SO 37, Rubber, vulcanized Determination of tensile stressstrain properties.

ISO

4881,
Rubbar Bepemtion of test pieces.

1) At present at the stage of draft. (Revision of lSO/R 812-1868.)


2) At present at the stage of draft. (Revision of ISO 815-1972.)
3) At present at the stage of draft. (Revision of ISO 1653-1975.)
4) At present at the stage of draft. (Revision of ISO 1817- 1975.)

IS

15430:2003

ISO

6447

: 1983

Classification

The elongation

at break

shall comply

with

the requirements

given in table 1,
Five classes of material are specified
correspond

to preferred

and 86 IRHD.
ferent

nominal

If required,

(see tables

harnesses

an intermediate

from those indicated

1 ar]d 2). These

of 50, 60, 70, 80

nominal hardness dif-

The tensile strength

Materials

4.1

have a deleterious

shall be free of any substance

which

effect on the fuel to be conveyed,

life of the sealing

4.2

may

or on the

ring, or on the pipe and fittings,

The requirements

for materials

of preferred

the

test

standdrd

nominal hard-

in the sealing function.

When

by the method

piece,

laboratory

the

described

compression

temperature

General test requirements

by the method

given in table 1.
described

in ISO 1653 using

time of 30 * 3 rein, the

compression

5 C,

set after

70 + ~ h at

when

Unless

otherwise

Dossibte. test Dieces for compression

the direction

specified,

laboratory

the tests shall be carried

temperature

in accordance

out at

5.5

pieces

shall be cut from

the finished

product

dance with 1S0 4661 and the other corresponding


Standards.
cordance

If satisfactory

in accor-

test method,

in ac-

they shall be taken

from test slabs or sheets of suitable dimensions

made from the

same

the rings,

batch

vulcanized

of the
under

rubber

mix usad to make

conditions

which

set shall be cut in

of the ring in service.

Accelerated ageing in air

are comparable

the test pieces required

hardness

by 5.2 for the determination

and by 5.3 for the determination

and elongation

International

test pieces cannot be prepared

with the appropriate

of compression

with ISO 471.


When

Test

measured

given in table 1.

for material

Test pieces

standard

h at

h at 70 C

the small test piece and a recovery

When
5.1

70 ~

and after 22 ~

with the requirements

determined

in ISO 815 using

set after

at 5 C, shall comply with the requirements

given

purposes.

set

determined

small

shall comply

nesa 80 or 88 IRHD shall apply only when the material is directly


participating

Compression

When

The materials

with the requirements

in the table may be used.

5.4

shall comply

in table 1 and shall be used for quality control

the oven

of tensile

of

strength

at break are aged in air at 70 C for 7 days by

method

specified

ness, tensile strength


the requirements

in ISO 188, the changes

and elongation

in hard-

at break shall comply with

given in table 1.

and

to those

5.6

Stress relaxation in compression

used in production.
When

5.2

Hardness

When

conditioning,

determined

by the

ISO 48, the hardness

micro-test

method

specified

shall comply with the requirements

in

given

in table 1.

method

of the ring allow,

the normal

in ISO 48 may be used,


is used for reference

provided

For the same ring, or along the greatest


than 4 IRHD

from

test method

the

at standard

the stress relaxation


laboratory

quirements

in compression

temperature

using

and thermal
after 7 days

shall comply

with

the re-

length of an extruded

the specified

noted.

Each

change

5.7.1

Volume

When

determined

volume

tolerances.

quirements

and elongation

mined by the method


bell shaped
types

described

at break

in 1$037,

shall be deter-

the

with type 2 dumb-bell


on the proposed

may

relationship
shaped

test pieces.

be used if an agreement
between

at

in liquid B and, in addition,


shall comply

the

standard

followed
with

by

the re-

given in table 1.
tests only, the volume
time

change

the specified

throughout

the

when immersed

maximum
duration

in

value given in
of the

7 days

immersion.
5.7.2

of test pieces

in ISO 1817,

of 7 daya

using type 2 dumb-

test pieces.

upon

specified

an immersion

of 4 days at 70 C,

table 1 at any
strength

after

temperature

an air drying

For approval

The tensile

by the method

change

liquid B shall not exceed

strength and elongation at break

Tensile

of

of the ring.

Liquid B immersion

laboratory

reached

in ISO 3364,

mechanical

given in table 1.

compression

5.7

NOTE For the purposes of this International Standard, which requres hardness measurements up to 91 IRHD, the micro-test method
described in ISO 4S is considered satisfactory.

Other

A specified

values shall not vary more

the low to the high readings

value shall be within

micro-test

purposes.

profile cut to make a ring, hardness

5.3

by method

The test piece shall be cut as far as possible in the direction

If the dimensions
specified

determined

the small test piece and after applying

the

valuea

is

obtained

test pieces ahd those obtained

When
with

change

Hardness

the test pieces described


ISO 1817,

the

7 days at standard

hardness

laborato~

ply with the requirements

in 5.2 are tested in accordance


change

temperature

of table 1.

after

an immersion

of

in liquid B shall com-

IS 15430:2003
ISO 6447:1983

Optional test requirements for material

The test piece shall be cut as far as possible in the direction


compression

Each of the following


only if expressly

tests is optional

specified

only a type approval

and shall be carried out

Stress relaxation in
determined

compression

by method

A specified

the small test piece and after applying


conditioning,

the stress relaxation

in ISO 3384,

mechanical

using

at 15 C,

comply with the requirements


The test temperature

after 80 days

shall comply

with the re-

Table

Property

General

shall be specified

conditions

transpofiation

or the temperature-of

Requirements

Unit

70

60

IRHD
IRHD

46 to 55

56 to 65

66 to 75

IRHD

+5

*5

*5

Tensile strength,
Elongation

on specified

nominal

of

installation.

requirements

nominal hardness

tolerence

by the user as a function

of the ioint seal, the conditions

Range of nominal herdness


Permissible
ness

in ISO 812, using type A

of table 2.

of the service

50
50

70

60

80

6s

80

56

76 to 84

65 to 91

herd-

min.

M F%

at breek, min.

10

400

%
%
/6

Ageing change from unaged values after 7 days in


air at 70 C
hardness, max.
tensile strength, max,
elongation at break, max.

IRHD
%
%

Stress relaxation in compression, max. after 7 days


at standard Iabortnory temperature

15

15

%
IRHD

+30
16

15

Liquid B immersion and a subsequent 4 days at


70 C air drying
volume change, max.

10

300

Compression set
after 70 h st stsndsrd laboratory temperature, max.
after 22 h at 70 C, max.
after 70 h at 5 C, max.

Liquid B immersion after 7 days at standard


laboratory temperature
volume change, max.
hardness change, max.

10
20
30

200

+4

*3

10

10

150

100

10
m

10
20

15

15

20

20

30

30

40

40

+6
*6
+6
15
15
15
25to +10 25to +10 25to
+10

+6
15
30to
+10

*6
15
40to
+10

15

15

15*

+30
15

+30
15

+30
14

+30
12

12

lo

10

10

In specific cases and after an agreement between manufacturer and user, the tolerance on hardness may be fixed at i 3 IRHD.

Requirements for material of nominal ha~dness 60 or 66 IRH D shall be applied only when this material participates directly in the sealing function.

It is recognized that values lower than the ones shown can be obtained. The intention is to reduce the limits once experience has been gatherad.

Table

Property

Optional

requirement
Requirements

Unit
50

I
I

specified

25 C or 40 C, the results shall

and thermal

test.

When teated by the method

in compression

at standard laboratory temperature


quirements given in table 2:

Preferred

of

it shall be

Low temperature brittleness

test pieces,
When

this teat is required,

by the purchaser.

6.2
6.1

of the ring. When

Stress relaxation in compression, max.


after 90 days at standard laboratory temperature
Low temperature brittleness temperature of test :
15 C, 25 C or 40 C depending on the conditions of service or transportation of the-joint rings

70

60
1

so

6s

I
I
I % I 22I 22I 22I 22*

No teat pieces shall break


I
I
It is recognized that values lower than that shown can be obtained. The intention is to reduce the limits once experience has been gathered.

The requirement only applies when this material participates directly in the sealing function

IS

15430:2003

ISO

6447:1983

8.2

Quality control of material

Dimensions and tolerances

Dimensions
7.1

Having

regard

transportation
particularly

to

the

of flammable
drawn

to the

hazards

associated

and explosive
need

fuels,

for stringent

with

the

attention

quality

Itis

control
with

the responsibility

tests to confirm

of the manufacturer

to carry out

that the material for the rings complies

requirements

of this International

Stan-

dard.

chaser

shall be the subject

Tolerances

of these

control

tests shall be available

to the pur-

upon request.

8.3

shall

be chosen

from

the appropriate

classes

in

Storage and handling of rings

At all stages between


stored in accordance
The attention
during
cracking

8 General requirements
joint rings

for finished

8.4

manufacture

and use, the rings shall be

with the recommendations

of users is drawn

storage

volved,

and handling.

exist, additional

of ISO 2230.

to the need to avoid cracking


If it is considered

tests, appropriate

that risks of

to the situation

in-

should be specified.

Marking

Marking

shall allow the identification

also include the letter G to indicate

8.1

of agreement

parties.

1s0 3302.

the appropriate

Records

and tolerances

the interested

is

control

procedures.

7.2

between

of the manufacturer

and

the use of the ring.

Workmanship
8.5

8.1.1

Workmanship

mercial

shall be in accordance

Quality assuranca

with good com8.5.1

practice.

Having

transportation
particularly
8.1.2

The rings shall be free from porosity and shall not have

surface

defects

or

irregularities

which

could

affect

function.
Flash (sprue)

shall be kept to a reasonable

minimum.

regard

to

the

of flammable

drawn

hazards

associated

and explosive

fuels,

to the need for stringent

quality

with
attention

the
is

assurance

procedures.

their
8.5.2

Procedures

tween

the interested

International

for quality

Standard.

parties

assurance
to ensure

shall be agreed
compliance

with

bethis

(Continued

from second cover)


Rubber Dimensional tolerances of solid moulded and extruded products

ISO 33021)

ISO 3384:

19992)

ISO 44613,
BIS CERTIFICATION

Rubber, vulcanized Determination


normal and at elevated temperatures

of stress relaxation

in compression

at

Rubber Preparation of test pieces


MARKING

Details available with the Bureau of Indian Standards.


For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final
value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance
with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised). The number of significant places
retained in the rounded off value should be same as that of the specified value in this standard.

) 1S0 3302 has been replaced by ISO 3302-1 :1996.


~) .Since revised in 1999, Amendment 1 :2000 to ISO 3384:
SI ISCI 466 I has been replaced

by ISO 4661-2:

1987.

1999.

Bureau

of Indian

61S is a statutory
harmonious

Standards

institution

development

goods and attending

established

under the Bureau of Indian Standards

of the activities

to connected

of standardization,

marking

Act, 1986 to promote

and quality

certification

of

matters in the country.

Copyright
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form without the prior permission


of implementing
designations.
Review

the standard,

Enquiries

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Amendments

of necessary

relating to copyright

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such as symbols

be addressed

and sizes,

to the Director

type

(Publication),

are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments.


a standard along with amendments

are needed;

Users of Indian Standards

in any

or grade

BIS.

if the review indicates that changes


should ascertain

This Indian Standard

has been developed

Amendments

Standards

are needed, it is taken up for revision.

that they are in possession

of the latest amendments

or

Monthly Additions.

from Dot: No. ME 30/LM 19 (0481)

Issued Since Publication


Text Affected

Date of Issue

No.

are also

is reaffirmed when such review indicates that

edition by referring to the latest issue of 61S Catalogue and Standards:

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