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FSOT Definitions

1) What is Collective Security?


Collective Security is a power system in which each state would guarantee the security and
independence of every other state.
2) What is a Nation?
A Nation is a social group that shares a common ideology, institutions, customs, and a sense of
homogeneity. It may be a state, part of a state, or extend beyond the borders of a state.
3) What is the Status Quo Approach to Foreign Policy?
The Status Quo Approach to Foreign Policy seeks to maintain the territorial, ideological, or power
distribution of the state.
4) What is Liberal Nationalism?
Liberal Nationalism is the aspiration of a group to achieve statehood based on popular sovereignty.
It emphasizes freedom from foreign domination.
5) What is Ethnocentrism?
Ethnocentrism is the belief that one's own group and culture is superior to all others.
6) What is Unilateralism?
Unilateralism is a state's dependence on its own power to maximize security and achieve national
interests.
7) What is a Sphere of Influence?
A Sphere of Influence is an area dominated by the national interests of a foreign power.
8) What is Imperialism?
A relationship in which an area and its people are made subject to the will of a foreign state
9) What is Colonialism?
Colonialism is the rule of an area and its people by an external nation with an Imperialist policy. Two
major types:
-The transportation of emigrants from the mother country to form a new political entity at a distant
location
-The imposition of rule over technologically lesser-developed peoples
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10) What are North-South relations?


North-South relations are the relationship between industrialized, developed countries (the North) and
mostly poor, developing countries (the South). Most developed countries are geographically north of
Lesser Developed Countries.
11) What are Foreign Policy Objectives?
Foreign Policy Objectives are the goals of a foreign policy, derived by relating a state's national interest to
the international situation and the power available to the state.
12) Define "National Interest."
The elements that constitute a state's most vital needs
13) What is a Protectorate?
A Protectorate is a relationship between a strong sovereign state and a semi sovereign state or an area
not recognized as a state. Two traditional reasons for their establishment:
-To thwart the interests of third states
-To administer law in order in an area where no responsible government exists
14) What is a Leasehold?
A Leasehold is an area used by a foreign state under an agreement with the sovereign state that owns
the area.
15) Define "Polycentrism."
A balance of power situation involving multiple power centers and participants
16) What is Power?
Power is influence and control exercised by one nation over others.
17) What is Irredentism?
Irredentism is the desire of the people of a state to annex the contiguous territories of another state that
are inhabited by mostly members of linguistic and/or cultural minorities of the first state.
18) What are Alliances?
Alliances are groups of states in opposition to other groups of states. Each alliance is developed to help
the member states promote their national interests and achieve foreign policy objectives.

19) What is National Self-Determination?


National Self-Determination is the idea that a group of people who consider themselves separate and
distinct from others have the right to determine the state in which they will live and the form of
government it will have.
20) What is Economic Imperialism?
Economic Imperialism is the involvement of one state in the economy of another so that the power of
the sovereign state is impaired.
21) Define "Foreign Policy."
The official strategy of a state regarding how it will relate to other states and international organizations
22) What is Charismatic Leadership?
Charismatic Leadership is usually headed by an individual who is revered by the people of a state and
generates widespread and emotional popular support.
23) What is the Revisionist Approach to Foreign Policy?
A Revisionist approach to foreign policy seeks to alter territorial, ideological, or power distribution to the
state's advantage.
24) What is Chauvinism?
Chauvinism is an extreme super patriotism which implies an uncritical devotion to a state, jealousy of its
honor, and an exaggerated sense of its glory.
25) What is the Realist Approach to Foreign Policy?
The Realist approach assumes that the use of power to promote the national interest of a state is the
most successful foreign policy.
26) What is the Idealist Approach to Foreign Policy?
The Idealist approach assumes that a foreign policy based on morals, legal codes, and international
norms is the most effective foreign policy because it encourages unity and cooperation among states
rather than competition and conflict.
27) Define "Balance of Power."
A concept that describes how states deal with the problems of national security in a context of shifting
alliances and alignments.
28) What is a Colony?
A Colony is a noncontiguous possession of a sovereign state, established by settlement, cession, and/or
conquest.

29) What is Intelligence?


Intelligence is information gathered by the state about another state's capabilities and intentions.
30) What is Integral Nationalism?
Integral Nationalism glorifies the state as the highest focus of individual loyalties.
31) What is Nationalism?
Nationalism is the popular will that seeks to preserve the identity of a group by institutionalizing it in the
form of a state.
32) Name some elements of national power.
-Size, location, climate, topography of a national territory
-Natural resources and production
-Population and demographics
-Size and efficiency of industry
-Extent/effectiveness of transportation and the media
-Science and technology
-Military
-Political, Economic, and Social system
-Quality of diplomacy
-Policies/attitudes of leadership
-National character/morale
33) Define "Foreign Office."
An executive agency that formulates and implements foreign policy
34) What is the PLO?
The PLO is a political and military organization that claims to represent the interests of the Palestinian
people in their opposition of Israel and quest for a homeland.
35) What is a Capability Analysis?
A Capability Analysis is an evaluation by the state of its military, political, diplomatic, and economic
abilities to see if it has the means to achieve national interest and foreign policy objectives.
36) What is Cultural Imperialism?
Cultural Imperialism is the imposition of an alien ideology or civilization on an unwilling society.
37) What is Xenophobia?
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of foreigners and the policies and objectives of other states.

38) What is World Government?


World Government is a theoretical power system in which all states would surrender their sovereignty
and create a supranational state to govern the affairs of the entire world.
39) Define "Bipolarity."
A balance of power system involving two power centers. Example: The US and The Soviet Union post
WWII.
40) What is a National Style?
A National Style is the behavior pattern of a state dealing with its foreign policy problems.
41) What is Zionism?
Zionism is a movement which promotes political, economic, financial, and military support for Israel.
42) What is Apartheid?
Apartheid is South Africa's FORMER racial segregation policy which was designed to keep the white
European minority in power over the African majority and other racial minorities.