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HSE PROCEDURE

Hazard Analysis and Risk


Assessment

Date : 15.03.2006
Rev. No.: 000
Doc. No: ESH - 5.01

REVISION FOLLOW PAGE


By

Checked

Approved

Havva ERGUN

Ahmet ATAY

Haluk GERCEK

Revised Page

Rev.
No
Date

000
15.03.06

Revision Date

Reason For Revision

By

Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment

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Table of Contents

1.0 PURPOSE...................................................................................................................
2.0 SCOPE........................................................................................................................
3.0 ABBREVIATIONS.......................................................................................................
4.0 REFERENCES............................................................................................................
5.0 DEFINITIONS..............................................................................................................
6.0 RESPONSIBILITIES...................................................................................................
6.1 Operation Manager...........................................................................................................................
6.2 The Construction Manager................................................................................................................
6.3 Field Supervision...............................................................................................................................
6.4 The Safety Manager..........................................................................................................................

7.0 PROCEDURE..............................................................................................................
7.1 General.............................................................................................................................................
7.2 Hazard Management.........................................................................................................................
7.2.1 Identification of Hazards.................................................................................................................
7.2.2 Risk Assessment............................................................................................................................
7.3 Hazard Classification.........................................................................................................................
7.4 Review and Re-Evaluation Period.....................................................................................................
7.5 Legal and Other Requirements.........................................................................................................

8.0 ASSOCIATED PROCEDURES/WORK INSTRUCTIONS/FORMS............................


8.1 Procedures........................................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Work Instructions.....................................................................................................................................
Forms......................................................................................................................................................

9.0 ATTACHMENTS..........................................................................................................

Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment

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1.0 Purpose
The purpose of this procedure is to identify the hazards that are present within the working activities on the
project and provide guidance on the development and preparation of work method statement and risk
assessments, in support of the ongoing development and endorsement of the hazard control and analysis system.

2.0 Scope
To be used for all activities affecting HSE performance

3.0 Abbreviations
HSE : Health, Safety and Environment
JHA : Job Hazard Analysis

4.0 References
OHSAS 18001

5.0 definitions
Work method statement - an outline of a task or series of tasks identified in a sequential manner.
Risk - Any combination of the frequency of the incidents that might give rise to any accidents. (OHSAS 18001)
Risk Assessment - an assessment of a task that assesses risk in terms of both severity and probability.
Hazard: Any incidents giving rise to injuries of the employees, adversely influencing to their health and/or
damaging assets.
Accident: Any event giving rise to fatalities, illnesses, injuries, material damages or any other loss and damages.
Event: Any occurrence resulting with an disagreeable situation.

6.0 Responsibilities
6.1 Operation Manager

To ensure a system for carrying out work method statements and JHA is in place and is being applied
as part of the Hazard Control and Analysis Strategy.

The system which is in place is effective

6.2 The Construction Manager

To ensure that the requirements of this procedure are known and understood by management and
supervision at the kick off meeting stage.

Will review comment and approve on all method statements and JHA as applied to critical tasks and
activities such as heavy lifts, complex rigging studies, unusual tasks and other events as judged
necessary.

6.3 Field Supervision

To prepare in developing work method statements and JHA.

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Liase with other discipline/task supervision to ensure that conflicts of interest are accommodated.

Ensure that the requirements identified during the development of the method statement and JHA are
adequate in terms of detail and are being effectively communicated to all personnel involved with the
task.

6.4 The Safety Manager

To assist the Project Manager in ensuring that the requirements outlined in this procedure are
understood and are being implemented.

Provide technical input into JHA and shall review prior to its distribution.

Audit the task against the requirements specified to ensure compliance.

7.0 Procedure
7.1 General
The Project Management shall ensure that the resources and provisions are instituted for the effective
management of all anticipated hazards on the project.
The Site Construction, line management and supervision shall ensure that every work activity performed by the
project and its subcontractors, vendors and suppliers is executed in a safe and controlled manner. To accomplish
this, complete hazard identification, analysis and control effort shall be instituted for every basic activity or type
of work conducted.
The Safety Manager / department shall determine the hazards associated and evaluate the risks within the
activities of the department that is under his/her responsibility (for example, on the basis of the items and the
detail operations provided under work schedules).
The Safety Manager / department shall determine the officers in charge of performing the hazard determination
and risk evaluation in the defined activities or operations.
This process can only be effective when the actual supervision and worker responsible for specific work are
principals in the development of a specific hazard identification, analysis and control exercise.
The application areas shall be defined as much the activities group whose boundaries are explicitly specified as
possible (for example, excavation works, welding operations, concrete pouring, transportation, etc.). If
necessary, the working analysis might be performed in detail operations (like, digging works, embedded steel
bending, etc.)
Below application methods or combination of them could be used in hazard identification;
Hazards are based on :

Activity : driving, maintenance, working at height, etc

Location area : Clinic, Camp, storage, office, etc.

Equipment: Heavy equipment, sharp objects, lifting, compressor, generator, etc.

Chemical matter : H2S, paint, varnish, etc.

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Prior to mobilization, the Safety Manager or equivalent shall ensure that the initial work processes have been
properly assessed and that all necessary hazard identification and analysis has been completed and control
programs prepared.
As work progresses, the Site Construction and Safety Manager or equivalent shall ensure that all hazard
identification and analysis has been completed and control programs and work procedures prepared prior to
commencement of each new task. Verification of such shall be through the Site Construction and Safety
Managers signature of concurrence on each specific risk control program form.

7.2 Hazard Management


Hazard management includes hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control processes.
The hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control processes should include following elements

Identification of hazards,

Evaluation of risks with existing (or proposed) control measures in place (taking into account exposure
to specific hazards, the likelihood of failure of the control measure, and the potential severity of
consequences of injury or damage),

Evaluation of the tolerability of residual risk,

Identification of any additional risk control measures needed,

Evaluation of whether the risk control measures are sufficient to reduce the risk tolerable level. (Ref:
OHSAS 18002:2000)

Control and tolerability of the risk is managed by defining certain rules/roles to the hazard source activities.
These management methods are:

Documentation of the rules/roles as procedures, instructions, signs, plan. etc.

Mechanical / technical controls

Using Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)

7.2.1 Identification of Hazards


The possible hazards shall be defined by taking into consideration each output, input or the application areas
separately. Any output, input or the application areas separately might have more then one hazards. In the course
of the definition of hazards, the items associated with the following main headlines shall be taken into account.

Activities/Groups

Excavations,

Works within enclosed areas or during nights,

Works at elevated heights,

Inputs

Use of electricity,

Use of construction machinery and equipment,

Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment

Use of portable tools,

Chemicals or other hazardous substances, etc.

Lifting, loading, unloading, transportation

Working above or near water, etc.

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Outputs

Hazardous chemicals wastes,

Construction works rubbles,

Auxiliary material wastes, etc.

All hazard identification and risk assessment process are documented on CPF-2.20 Hazard Analysis and Risk
Assessments form.

7.2.2 Risk Assessment


The degree of risks associated with the hazards provided under 5.2.1 shall be evaluated with respect to following
criteria taking into account current control measures. For very risks, grading shall be performed in connection
with assigned points.

Likelihood :

4
Frequent / continuous
3
Probable
2

High possibility. (it is possible during project. Its not ensured to control hazards
or control measurements may not be efficient. Failure of control measures is
frequent.)
Medium possibility (It is possible but unexpected. Faulire of control measures is
very small).
Low possibility (It is unexpected. There are enough control measurements)

Occasionally
1
Unlikely

So low possibility (Possibility is removed. There are strong control


measurements)

Severity :

4
Critic

Fatal accidents
Issues that lead to legal proceedings
Loss of organ, major bone cracks, serious injuries due to exposure to electricity.
The conditions that might lead to disorders in long and short term. The incidents
involving legal proceedings.

The accidents that leads to loss of working hours (brain trauma, serious twisting

Hazard Analysis and Risk Assessment

Serious
2
Medium
1
Minor

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of limbs, muscle bruises, minor bone cracks)


Small injuries, simple cases that call for first aid, open wounds, bruise of waist,
middle-level burns.
Small cuts and injuries, bruises, twists.
Unimportant losses.

Risk = Likelihood x Severity


Additional criteria might be included in addition to those given above in case of any necessity anticipated by the
Safety Managers and/or so obliged by the conditions of the prevailing country.
For the grading to be as objective as possible, the additional one or two grading performed by others might be
provided.
The final points shall be determined as the average of the grading performed by several officers. A reference
basis shall be established for the objective evaluation of the priorities via weighted averages of the final grading.
The data collected so far shall be reviewed by Safety Manager/department and related manager the final
priorities shall be established.

7.3 Hazard Classification

Severity

Likelihood
1

12

12

16

Red Area (Critical Risk): Risk assesment result is in between 9-16

Urgent! Take control measurement immediately+ Reduce risk to


tolerable level immediately.

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Yellow Area (Medium risk): Risk assesment result is in between 3-8.

Take Control Measurements + Reduce risk to tolerable level

Green Area (Tolerable Risk) : Risk assesment result is below 3.


These risks should be checked to control increasing of the risk possibility/severity in the future.
Tolerable risk!

7.4 Review and Re-Evaluation Period


The hazard determination and risk evaluation within SK shall be performed at least once every year. The
evaluation period might be shortened in case of

special incidents like any improvement in the application areas/groups (for example, the activities
like extension of Site Offices, commencement of new works, use of the equipment, replacement of
the personnel, new technology usage, etc.),

revision of legal requirements or

change of nonconformity likelihood/severity,etc.

The evaluation period might be performed either for example quarterly or biannually on account of the progress
of the works, i.e., establishing the new construction sites, using new equipment or can be associated to the
commencement or the completion of any specific items of work.

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7.5 Legal and Other Requirements


Applicable legal /others requirements is identified. Below inputs are used to identification:

hazards identification, risk assessment and risk control methods

legal / governmental regulations

client requirements

listing of information systems

national, foreign, reginonal and international standards

best practices

Consultant company, CD, internet, etc. support to keep this information up to date. Related information is
communicated to who needs to receive kind of information in the project.
Client requirements related with the projects are in the scope of this procedure. The client requirements are
learnt at proposal and contracting phases, also during the progress of the project.

8.0 ASSOCIATED PROCEDURES/WORK INSTRUCTIONS/FORMS


Work Instructions

Safety Operation Instructions

Safety Guideline Manual

Incident Investigation, Reporting & Record Keeping

Waste Management

Hazard Communication (Right-To-Know)

Noise

Environmental Control

Medical Services and Treatment

Medical Surveillance Program

Air Surveillance Program

Forms
Hazard Analysis And Risk Assessment Form

9.0 ATTACHMENTS