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PRBoA

Local Planning, Design, Construction


& Development, Land & Building Use
and the
Laws that Govern Such Activities
and as All These Relate to the Full Implementation & Enforcement
of R.A. No. 9266 (The Architecture Act of 2004), its IRR and Derivative Regulations

13 - 14 March 2008
WORLDBEX 13
World Trade Center, Pasay City,
Metropolitan Manila, PH
by the
PRC Professional Regulatory Board of Architecture (PRBoA)
Archt. Armando N. ALL, fuap, aaif
Chairman, PRBoA
(Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

A Laymans
Model of
Philippine Laws
(Laws Lower than
the Philippine
Constitution and
Lower Than
International
Treaties/
Agreements
Ratified by the
Philippine
Laws do not Operate in Isolation but Must Act in
Senate)
Full Interaction with Other Laws that are in Effect.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Valid
Valid&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws on
on Physical
Physical Planning
Planning
and
and Land
Land Development
Development ((Master
Master Development
Development Planning
Planning,,
Subdivision
Subdivision Planning,
Planning, Site
Site Planning,
Planning, etc.
etc.))::
1)
1) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.957
957&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(governing
(governingsubdivisions
subdivisionsand
andcondocondominiums,
miniums,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theHLURB
HLURBand
andrelated
relatedagencies);
agencies);
2)
2) B.P.
B.P.No.
No.220
220&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(governing
(governingsocialized
socializedhousing,
housing,
as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theHLURB
HLURBand
andvarious
variousagencies);
agencies);
3)
3) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.8289
8289&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(governing
(governinginformal
informalsettlers,
settlers,
as
asimplemented
implementedby
byvarious
variousagencies);
agencies);
4)
4) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.1308
1308&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(governing
(governingthe
thepractice
practiceof
ofthe
theregulated
regulated
profession
professionof
ofenvironmental
environmentalplanning,
planning,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
thePRC
PRC
and
andthe
theProfessional
ProfessionalRegulatory
RegulatoryBoard
Boardof
ofEnvironmental
EnvironmentalPlanning/PRBoEP);
Planning/PRBoEP);

5)
5) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.9266
9266&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(governing
(governingthe
thepractice
practiceof
ofthe
theregulated
regulated
profession
professionof
ofarchitecture
architectureand
andsite
siteplanning,
planning,as
asimplemented
implementedby
by
the
thePRC
PRCand
andthe
theProfessional
ProfessionalRegulatory
RegulatoryBoard
Boardof
ofArchitecture/PRBoA).
Architecture/PRBoA).
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Valid
Valid&
&Subsisting
SubsistingPhilippine
PhilippineLaws
Lawson
onthe
thePreparation
Preparationof
of
ARCHITECTURAL
ARCHITECTURALPlans
Plansand
andDesigns
Designs((Space/Architectural
Space/ArchitecturalPlans,
Plans,
Sections,
Sections,Elevations,
Elevations,Ceiling
Ceilingand
andRoof
RoofPlans,
Plans,Architectural
ArchitecturalInteriors):
Interiors):
1)
1) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.9266
9266(The
(TheArchitecture
ArchitectureAct
Actof
of2004)
2004)&
&its
its2004
2004IRR
IRR
(governing
(governingthe
thepractice
practiceof
ofthe
theregulated
regulatedprofession
professionof
ofarchitecture
architectureand
and
architectural
architecturalinteriors,
interiors,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
thePRC
PRCand
andthe
theProfessional
Professional
Regulatory
RegulatoryBoard
Boardof
ofArchitecture/PRBoA);
Architecture/PRBoA);

2)
2) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.1096
1096(The
(The1977
1977National
NationalBuilding
BuildingCode
Codeof
ofthe
the
Philippines/
Philippines/NBCP)
NBCP)&
&its
its2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRR(governing
(governingthe
theminimum
minimum

site
siteplanning,
planning,architectural
architecturaland
andarchitectural
architecturalinterior
interiorstandards
standardstotobe
besatisfied
satisfied
in
inthe
thearchitectural,
architectural,engineering
engineeringand
andallied
alliedplanning
planningand
anddesign
designof
ofbuildings
buildings
(structures
(structuresfor
forhuman
humanhabitation),
habitation),as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theDPWH
DPWHthrough
throughthe
the
LGU
LGUOffices
Officesof
ofBuilding
BuildingOfficials/
Officials/OBOs);
OBOs);the
the2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRRisisin
infull
fulleffect
effect. .
3)
3) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.1185
1185&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(Fire
(FireCode
Codeof
ofthe
thePhilippines,
Philippines,as
asimplemented
implementedby
by
the
theDILG
DILGthru
thruthe
theLGU
LGUFire
FireMarshals);
Marshals);and
and
4)
4) B.P.
B.P.No.
No.344
344&
&its
itsIRR
IRR(Law
(Lawon
onAccessibility
Accessibilityfor
forDisabled
DisabledPersons),
Persons),as
as
implemented
implementedby
byvarious
variousagencies).
agencies).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Valid
Valid&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws on
on the
the Execution/
Execution/
Implementation
Implementation (CONSTRUCTION)
(CONSTRUCTION) of
of SUBDIVISION
SUBDIVISION or
or
BUILDING
BUILDING Plans/Designs
Plans/Designs
1)
1) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.4566
4566::The
TheContractors
ContractorsLicense
LicenseLaw
Lawof
of1965
1965&
&its
itsIRR
IRR
(governing
(governingthe
theregulated
regulatedbusiness
businessof
ofconstructing,
constructing,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theDTI
DTI
through
throughits
itsCIAP
CIAPand
andPCAB);
PCAB);

2)
2) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.1096
1096(The
(The1977
1977National
NationalBuilding
BuildingCode
Codeof
ofthe
the
Philippines/
Philippines/NBCP)
NBCP)&
&its
its2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRR(governing
(governingthe
theminimum
minimum

construction
constructionstandards
standardstotobe
besatisfied
satisfiedin
inthe
theexecution
executionof
ofbuildings
buildingsor
orrelated
related
structures
structuresfor
foraccess
accessand
andutilities,
utilities,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theDPWH
DPWHthrough
throughthe
the
LGU
LGUOffices
Officesof
ofBuilding
BuildingOfficials/
Officials/OBOs);
OBOs);the
theentire
entireRevised
RevisedIRR
IRRisisin
infull
fulleffect;
effect;

3)
3) Various
VariousEnvironmental
EnvironmentalLaws
Laws&
&IRRs
IRRs(satisfaction
(satisfactionof
ofpre-requisites
pre-requisites
totoDevelopment/Building
Development/BuildingPermit
Permitissuance
issuanceby
bythe
theLGUs
LGUs

4)
4) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.9184
9184(The
(TheGovernment
GovernmentProcurement
ProcurementReform
ReformAct
Actof
of
2003)
2003)&
&its
its2004
2004IRR
IRR(in
(inthe
thecase
caseof
ofpublic
publicsector
sectorprocurement
procurementprocesses,
processes,
as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theGPPB
GPPBthru
thruthe
thevarious
variousagency
agency&&LGU
LGUBACs).
BACs).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

VERY
VERY IMPORTANT
IMPORTANTSTATEMENTS
STATEMENTSFROM
FROM THE
THE
29
29 JANUARY
JANUARY 2008
2008 DECISION
DECISION PROMULGATED
PROMULGATEDBY
BY
THE
THE MANILA
MANILA RTC
RTC BRANCH
BRANCH 22
22
1)
1) DISMISSES
DISMISSESthe
the2005
2005PETITION
PETITIONfiled
filedby
bythe
thePICE
PICE,,et.
et.al.
al.Against
Against
the
theDPWH
DPWHSecretary
Secretaryand
andagainst
againstthe
the2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRRof
ofP.D.
P.D.No.
No.
1096
1096(The
(The1977
1977National
NationalBuilding
BuildingCode
Codeof
ofthe
thePhilippines/
Philippines/NBCP)
NBCP)
specifically
specificallySecs.
Secs.302.3
302.3and
and302.4
302.4which
whichconcern
concernARCHITECTURAL
ARCHITECTURAL
DOCUMENTS
DOCUMENTS;;
2)
2) DISSOLVES
DISSOLVESthe
the24
24May
May2005
2005INJUNCTION
INJUNCTIONsecured
securedby
bythe
the
PICE
PICE,,et.
et.al.
al.against
againstthe
theimplementation
implementationby
bythe
theDPWH
DPWHof
ofSecs.
Secs.302.3
302.3
and
and302.4
302.4of
ofthe
the2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRRof
ofP.D.
P.D.No.
No.1096
1096(The
(TheNBCP);
NBCP);and
and
3)
3) DECLARES
DECLARESas
asVALID
VALIDAND
ANDCONSTITUTIONAL
CONSTITUTIONALSecs.
Secs.302.3
302.3and
and
302.4
302.4of
ofthe
the2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRRof
ofP.D.
P.D.No.
No.1096
1096i.e.
i.e.which
whichhave
have
already
alreadybeen
beenHARMONIZED
HARMONIZEDwith
withR.A.
R.A.No.
No.9266
9266as
asearly
earlyas
as2004.
2004.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Valid
Valid&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws on
on the
the POSTPOSTCONSTRUCTION
CONSTRUCTION Activities
Activities Relative
Relative to
to SUBDIVISION
SUBDIVISION or
or
BUILDING
BUILDING Projects
Projects
1)
1) P.D.
P.D.No.
No.1096
1096(The
(The1977
1977National
NationalBuilding
BuildingCode
Codeof
ofthe
the
Philippines/
Philippines/NBCP)
NBCP)&
&its
its2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRR(governing
(governingthe
theminimum
minimum

inspection
inspectionand
andbuilding
buildingoccupancy
occupancystandards
standardstotobe
besatisfied,
satisfied,as
asimplemented
implementedby
by
the
theDPWH
DPWHthrough
throughthe
theLGU
LGUOffices
Officesof
ofBuilding
BuildingOfficials/
Officials/OBOs);
OBOs);the
theentire
entire
2004
2004Revised
RevisedIRR
IRRisisin
infull
fulleffect
effect;;and
and

2)
2) R.A.
R.A.No.
No.9285
9285(The
(TheAlternative
AlternativeDispute
DisputeResolution
ResolutionAct
Actof
of
2004),
2004),E.O.
E.O.No.
No.1008
1008(The
(TheConstruction
ConstructionIndustry
IndustryArbitration
ArbitrationLaw)
Law)
&
&their
theirRespective
RespectiveIRRs
IRRs(for
(forthe
thesettlement
settlementof
ofconsulting
consultingor
orconstructionconstructionrelated
relateddisputes,
disputes,as
asimplemented
implementedby
bythe
theDTI
DTIand
andthe
theCIAP
CIAPthru
thruthe
the
Construction
ConstructionIndustry
IndustryArbitration
ArbitrationCommission/
Commission/CIAC).
CIAC).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Valid
Valid&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws on
on ALL
ALL PHASES
PHASES OR
OR
STAGES
STAGESOF
OF ACTIVITY
ACTIVITY Relative
Relative to
to Any
Any SUBDIVISION
SUBDIVISION or
or
BUILDING
BUILDING Project
Project
1)
1) The
The Revised
Revised Penal
Penal Code
Code &
& its
its IRR;
IRR;
2)
2) The
The New
New Civil
Civil Code
Code (1954)
(1954) and
and its
its IRR;
IRR;
3)
3) Tax
TaxLaws;
Laws;
4)
4) R.A.
R.A. No.
No. 7160
7160 (The
(The Local
Local Government
Government Code);
Code);
5)
5) The
The Various
VariousEnvironmental
Environmental Laws;
Laws;
6)
6) R.A.
R.A. 8981
8981 (The
(The PRC
PRC Modernization
Modernization Act
Act of
of 2000)
2000)
and
and its
its IRR;
IRR;
7)
7) the
the Pertinent
Pertinent Professional
Professional Regulatory
Regulatory Laws
Laws
(such
(such as
as R.A.
R.A. No.
No. 9266);
9266); and
and
8)
8) the
the applicable
applicable LGU
LGU Ordinances.
Ordinances.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

What
What are
are the
the Key
Key Provisions
Provisions of
of R.A.
R.A. No.
No. 9266
9266 (The
(The
Architecture
Architecture Act
Act of
of 2004)
2004) which
which are
are in
in Full
Full Effect?
Effect?
1)
1) Only
OnlyRegistered
Registeredand
andLicensed
LicensedArchitects
Architects((RLAs
RLAs))i.e.
i.e.those
thoseholding
holding
valid
validPRC
PRCCertificates
Certificatesof
ofRegistration
Registrationand
andPRC
PRCID
IDcards
cards(licenses)
(licenses)
shall
shallprepare,
prepare,sign
signand
anddry
dryseal
sealARCHITECTURAL
ARCHITECTURALDOCUMENTS
DOCUMENTS
i.e.
i.e.architectural
architecturalplans,
plans,designs,
designs,drawings,
drawings,specifications
specificationsand
andthe
the
like,
like,to
tothe
theTOTAL
TOTALEXCLUSION
EXCLUSIONof
ofall
allother
otherentities
entities,,including
including
other
otherregulated
regulatedprofessionals
professionalssuch
suchas
asCivil
CivilEngineers
Engineers(CEs);
(CEs);and
and
2)
2) Since
Sincethere
thereisisNO
NOTRO,
TRO,NO
NOINJUNCTION
INJUNCTIONand
andNO
NOpending
pending
question
questionon
onthe
theconstitutionality
constitutionalityof
ofANY
ANYof
ofthe
theprovisions
provisionsof
ofR.A.
R.A.
No.
No.9266
9266,,ALL
ALLnational
nationaland
andlocal
localgovernment
governmentofficials
officials,,
particularly
particularly
the
theDPWH
DPWHSecretary
Secretaryand
andthe
theLGU
LGUBuilding
BuildingOfficials,
Officials,must
mustfully
fully
and
andunconditionally
unconditionallyimplement
implement(and/or
(and/orenforce)
enforce)R.A.
R.A.No.
No.9266,
9266,
under
underpain
painof
ofsevere
severesanctions.
sanctions.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Is
Is an
an individual
individuals
s practice
practice of
of aa
Regulated
Regulated Profession
Profession aa RIGHT?
RIGHT?
NO.
NO. It
It was
was never
never aa right
right.. The
The practice
practice
by
by individuals
individuals of
of any
any of
of the
the 43
43
regulated
regulated professions
professions under
under the
the PRC
PRC
is
is aa mere
mere PRIVILEGE
PRIVILEGE that
that can
can be
be
taken
taken away
away by
by the
the state
state for
for valid
valid
cause/s
cause/s and
and only
only after
after due
due process.
process.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Can
Can Professional
Professional Firms
Firms Practice
Practice aa
Regulated
Regulated Profession
Profession in
in the
the Philippines?
Philippines?

NO.
NO. Only
Only individuals
individuals can
can legally
legally
practice
practice the
the regulated
regulated professions
professions in
in
the
the Phils.
Phils. However,
However, such
such registered
registered &
&
licensed
licensed individuals
individuals may
may collectively
collectively
engage
engage in
in group
group practice
practice as
as aa Firm.
Firm.
Some
Some regulated
regulated professions
professions such
such as
as architecture
architecture &
&
environmental
environmental planning
planning also
also require
require the
the separate
separate
registration
registration with
with the
the PRC
PRC of
of such
such firms.
firms.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Can
Can foreign
foreign individuals
individuals or
or firms
firms practice
practice aa
Regulated
Regulated Profession
Profession in
in the
the Philippines?
Philippines?
Yes,
Yes,but
but only
only after
after the
the satisfaction
satisfaction of
of many
many conditions
conditions
prescribed
prescribed by
by law
law.. In
In the
the case
case of
of foreign
foreign architects,
architects, they
they
must
must only
only be
be as
as individuals
individuals in
in possession
possession of
of aa PRC-issued
PRC-issued
Special/
Special/ Temporary
TemporaryPermit
Permit to
to Practice
Practice Architecture
Architecture to
to be
be
secured
secured by
by their
their Employer
Employer or
or Client
Client.. There
There must
must also
also be
be aa
counterpart
counterpart Filipino
Filipino Registered
Registered &
& Licensed
Licensed Architect
Architect (RLA)
(RLA)
who
who shall
shall be
be professionally
professionally responsible
responsible to
to the
the PRC
PRC for
for the
the
foreign
foreign architects
architectswork
work and
and who
who also
also shall
shall sign
sign and
and seal
seal the
the
architectural
architectural documents
documents and
and therefore
therefore assume
assume the
the civil
civil
liability
liability prescribed
prescribed by
by Article
Article 1723
1723 of
of the
the Civil
Civil Code.
Code.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

What
What Does
Does Article
Article 1723
1723 of
of the
the Civil
Civil Code
Code Say?
Say?

That
That Architects,
Architects, Engineers
Engineers and
and Contractors
Contractors have
have separate
separate
or
or joint
joint civil
civil liabilities
liabilities for
for the
the buildings/
buildings/ structures
structures that
that they
they
plan,
plan, design
design and
and erect.
erect. There
There isis aa prescription
prescription period
period of
of
fifteen
fifteen (15)
(15) years,
years, usually
usually reckoned
reckoned from
from time
time of
of occupancy.
occupancy.
There
There isis also
also an
an additional
additional period
period of
of ten
ten (10)
(10) years
years from
from
instance
instance of
of discovery
discovery of
of the
the design
design or
or construction
construction defect,
defect,
within
within which
which the
the Client
Client can
can file
file aa civil
civil complaint.
complaint.

Is
Is the
the Assumption
Assumption of
of Civil
Civil Liability
Liability Compensated?
Compensated?
Yes
Yesin
in the
the case
case of
of Architects.
Architects. About
About 5%
5% of
of the
the Architects
Architects
Fee
Fee isis for
for the
the signing
signing and
and sealing
sealing of
of the
the architectural
architectural
documents
documents ONLY
ONLYand
and for
for the
the assumption
assumption of
of civil
civil liability
liability
for
for the
the architectural
architectural components
components of
of the
the project
project ONLY.
ONLY.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

General
General Types
Types of
of Cases
Cases Filed
Filed for
for Violations
Violationsof
of Valid
Valid
&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws such
such as
as RA
RA 9266
9266::
1)
1) ADMINISTRATIVE
ADMINISTRATIVE(where
(wherepenalties
penaltiessought
soughtagainst
againstthe
the
Respondent/s
Respondent/sinclude
includethe
thesuspension
suspensionand/or
and/orrevocation
revocationof
of
licenses/permits/accreditation/certification/recognition
licenses/permits/accreditation/certification/recognition,,etc.
etc.issued
issued
by
byany
anynational
nationalor
orlocal
localgovernment
governmententity
entityor
orsuspension/removal
suspension/removal
from
fromoffice
officein
incase
caseof
ofpblic
pblicsector
sectorentities
entities););
2)
2) CRIMINAL
CRIMINAL(where
(wherepenalties
penaltiessought
soughtagainst
againstthe
the
Respondent/s
Respondent/sinclude
includefines
finespayable
payableto
tothe
thestate
stateand
and
imprisonment
imprisonmentas
asprovided
providedfor
forunder
underthe
thelaw/s
law/sviolated
violatedwhich
whichmay
may
include
includeoffenses
offensesunder
underthe
theRevised
RevisedPenal
PenalCode);
Code);AND
AND
3)
3) CIVIL
CIVIL(where
(wherepenalties
penaltiessought
soughtagainst
againstthe
the
Respondent/s
Respondent/sinclude
includethe
thepayment
paymentfor
forvarious
variousforms
formsof
ofdamages
damages
or
orrestitution
restitutionas
asprovided
providedfor
foror
or which
whichmay
mayinclude
includeoffenses
offenses
under
underthe
theNew
NewCivil
CivilCode).
Code).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA
PRBoA

Who
Who Can
Can Sue
Sue and
and Get
Get Sued
Sued for
for Violations
Violations
of
of Valid
Valid&
& Subsisting
Subsisting Philippine
Philippine Laws
Laws
such
such as
as R.A.
R.A. No.
No. 9266
9266??
ALL
ALL OF
OF US
US in
in our
our natural
natural persons
persons//
personal
personal capacities
capacities or
or as
as part
part of
of aa
juridical
juridical entity
entity (person
(person created
created under
under law)
law)
can
can sue
sue or
or can
can be
be sued.
sued. Thus,
Thus, even
even Registered
Registered
and
and Licensed
Licensed Architects
Architects (RLAs)
(RLAs) can
can be
be sued
sued for
for
violation/s
violation/s of
of their
their very
very own
own law
law (R.A.
(R.A. No.
No. 9266).
9266).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)

PRBoA

Thank
Thank You
You

and
and
aa Pleasant
Pleasant Morning
Morning
to
to You
YouAll!
All!

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Local Planning, Design, Construction & Development, Land & Building Use and the Laws that Govern Such Activities
by The PRC PRBoA (Archt. Armando N. ALLI, fuap, aaif, PRBoA Chair as Presentor)