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IIT Kanpur

**PHY 102 - HW6
**

Aug-Dec 2014

a

b

Figure 1: Figure for various problems

**1. For small oscillations the period of a pendulum is approximately T ≈ 2π
**

dent of the amplitude, θ0 .

p

l/g, indepen-

**(a) For finite oscillations, use dt = dx/v to show that the exact expression for T is
**

s Z

8l θ0

dθ

√

T =

.

g 0

cos θ − cos θ0

(b) Find an approximation to this T , unto second order in θ0 (i.e. upto θ02 ). The final

answer will have the form

s

θ02

l

1+

+ ... .

T = 2π

g

16

Hint if needed: Make use of the identity, cos(θ) = 1 − 2 sin2 (θ/2), to write T

in terms of the of sines (which go to 0 as θ → 0). Then make a substitution

sin(x) ≡ sin(θ/2)/ sin(θ0 /2). Finally expand your integrand in powers of θ0 , and

evaluate the integral.

2. The equation of motion of a particle (of unit mass), which starts from rest at x = 0, is

given by

x¨ = 1 − x .

(a) Identify x at which the velocity will again become zero. How long would it take to

reach there.

(b) Consider the phase space of the particle. Identify the fixed points of the system.

Which of them is are stable and which of them are unstable.

(c) Write down the equation for the phase space trajectories and sketch the phase space

trajectories.

3. A small ping-pong ball of mass m, is placed on top of a basketball of mass M , of

diameter d [see Fig. 1a)]. The bottom of the basketball is at a height h above the

ground. How high does the small ball rise after the collision. Assume that the balls

bounce off elastically, and that m M . To make the problem ‘clean’, assume that the

balls are separated by a small distance, and that they bounce off instantaneously.

Phy102: Introduction to Mechanics

Rajendra Prasad, Amit Agarwal

The collision is not necessarily head-on.Phy102 Page 2 of 2 HW6 4. 1b)]. Gravity is neglected and the collisions are perfectly elastic. each with mass m. A mass M moving in the positive x-direction collides elastically with a stationary mass m. What should θ be so that m has the largest possible speed in the y-direction? It may help to think of the collision in the CM frame. stand on a railway flatcar of mass M . (b) If one surface is slowly moved towards the other with a speed V v. if they jump one at a time? (The answer can be left in the form of a sum of terms. (a) What is the final velocity of the flatcar. The car rolls in the opposite direction without friction. A ‘super-ball’ of mass m bounces back and forth between two surfaces with speed v0 [see Fig. on each wall. 5. Let θ be the angle of m’s resulting motion. F exerted by the ball. so the masses may be scattered off at angles. (a) Find the average force. if all the men jump at the same time? (b) What is the final velocity of the car. 6. They jump off one end of the flatcar with velocity u relative to the car. N men.) .

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