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Measurement and Instrumentation

sState Program Facilitating Unit (SPFU), TEQIP - II


Institutions
Course Title : Measurement and Instrumentation
Course Code : ENG006
B.E. Semester: I/II
Degree Programs in which
this course is offered
All Engineering Discipline in
the first year

1.

2
0
Legends:

2.

Co-requisite Course
Type of Course
Course Difficulty level
Course offered in 1st
year of Engineering

Core
2013-2014

TEACHING AND EXAMINATION SCHEME

Teaching Scheme
(In Hours)
L

10+2 level certificate as per


AICTE guidelines

Pre-requisite Course

SS

Total
Credits
(L+T+P)
C

Theory Marks
ESE

Examination Scheme
Practical Marks

Total
Marks

PA

ESE
PA
150
Pr/Viva
2
3
70
30
30
20
L - Lecture; T - Tutorial/Teacher Guided Student Activity; P - Practical; SS Self Study;
C - Credit; ESE - End Semester Examination; PA - Progressive Assessment

RATIONALE/COURSE OVERVIEW

This course is an entry level course in any discipline from engineering field. The course is based
on fundamentals of Electrical and electronics measurements and instrumentation. There is no
prerequisite knowledge required for this course. It is essential for every engineering student to
know about basics of Measurement and instrumentation.
3.

COURSE OBJECTIVES
The students will gain the knowledge of fundamentals of Electrical measurement, Electronic
Measurement and measurement of physical quantities with fundamentals of sensors and
transducers.
4.
COURSE OUTCOMES
Students will be able to
State and define absolute units and dimensions, do unit conversion
State the role of Standards in the Measurement
Define various measurement terms and errors
Use CRO, Function generator, multi-meter
Measure power and energy in single phase circuit using wattmeter and energymeter
respectively
Identify the role of Sensors and Transducers in the process of Measurement and
instrumentation.
1

Measurement and Instrumentation

Measurement and Instrumentation

5.

COURSE DETAIL
Unit 1

Learning
Outcomes
(Student
Learning
Outcomes)

Topics and
Sub-topics

Unit 2
Learning
Outcomes
(Student
Learning
Outcomes)

Topics and
Sub-topics

Unit 3

Learning
Outcomes
(Student
Learning
Outcomes)

Topics and
Sub-topics

Units, dimensions and Standards

Able to state and define absolute units and dimensions


Able to do unit (MKS,CGS and SI)conversion
State the role of Standards in the Measurement

1.1 Fundamental and derived quantities


1.2 Absolute Units
1.3 Dimensions
1.4 System of electrical and mechanical units
1.5 SI system of units
1.6 Classification Standards
1.7 Standards for Mass, Length and Time
Measurements and Measurement systems
Able to define various measurement terms
Able to state and define resolution, sensitivity, accuracy and precision
Able to classify measurement errors
2.1 Measurement terms : Signal terms, Range related terms, readability terms,
accuracy related terms, dynamic terms
2.2 Measurement errors
2.3 Resolution and sensitivity
2.4 Accuracy and Precision
2.5 Types of errors : Gross, Systematic and random errors
Operating principles of Electronic and Electrical Measuring Instruments
Able to explain the function of CRO.
Able to explain how a Function generator works.
Able to explain functioning of A.C. and D.C. power supply.
Define different electrical quantities which can be measured using
multi meter.
Explain measurement of power in a single phase AC circuit using a
wattmeter.
Explain the use single phase energy meter.
3.1 Schematic diagram and application of CRO
3.2 Application of digital multimeter.
3.3 Types of power supply(single phase A.C and D.C)
3.4 Single phase power Measurement using Wattmeter.
3.5 Application of Single phase Energy Meter

Measurement and Instrumentation

Unit - 4
Learning
Outcomes
(Student
Learning
Outcomes)
Topics and
Sub-topics
Unit - 5
Learning
Outcomes
(Student
Learning
Outcomes)

Topics and
Sub-topics

6.

Sensors and Transducers


Classify Transducers
Select Transducer for specific application

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Classification of Transducers
4.3 Selection of Transducers
4.4 Requirements of transducers
Measurement of physical and electrical quantities using Transducers
Able to explain principles of measurement of : Temperature, Flow,
Level, Humidity, Strain, Force, Pressure and Displacement

5.1 Temperature measurement


5.2 Flow measurement.
5.3 Level measurement
5.4 Humidity measurement.
5.5 Strain measurement.
5.6 Force measurement.
5.7 Pressure measurement.
5.8 Displacement measurement
Note: These measurement systems shall be taught with the help of
schematic diagrams only and not in detail.

COURSE TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES

Lecture
s
(hrs)
In/out of
Class
36
00

Interactiv
e Tutorial
(hrs)
In/Out

Laborator
y
(hrs)

Case
Discussio
n
(hrs)

Field
Trip
(hrs)

Projects
(hrs)

NA
NA

18

00

02

02

Web
Based
Learnin
g
(hrs)
02

Others
(hrs)

00

Notes:
1. The activities given above are suggestive list. Course designer/faculty can use other activities
is required and specify before commencing of course.
2. It is to be advised to demonstrate various instruments available in the college premise/nearby
area and offices, as part of field trip
3. Identification of various transducers along with specification shall be done a part of web
based learning
4. Students can prepare a mini presentation based on the content of the course.

Measurement and Instrumentation

7.

SUGGESTED LESSION PLAN (THEORY)

Uni
t

Unit Title

Teaching
Hours
03

Units, dimensions and Standards


I
II
III
IV
V

Measurements and Measurement systems


Operating principles of Electronic and Electrical Measuring
Instruments
Sensors and Transducers
Measurement of physical and electrical quantities using Transducers
Total

8.

03
06
04
08
24

ASSESSMENT SCHEME (Including Rationale)

Internal Break up
Task
1. Class attendance &
Participation

2. Group Projects &


Presentation

Time
Monthly checkup of attendance
and monitoring
of participation
by faculty
Once only

3. Assignments

2 to 3 times

4. Lab. work/ Field trips

Every week

5. Final Exams

At the end of
semester

Description
The details of students with poor
attendance shall be notified regularly.

Weight
10 marks

Students have to prepare a project on


detailed study of an industrial
measurement and instrumentation
system with the help of block
diagrams.
Assignments shall be based on the
theory content
Shall be based on the suggested list of
experiments.
Field trips are not mandatory.
Theory : 20 marks shall be assigned
for MCQs and 30 marks for
descriptive type questions.
Practical : 20 marks for performance
and 30 marks for oral viva exam.
The faculty shall decide the passing
level in each of these exams
depending on the overall performance
of class.

10 marks

15 marks
15 marks
Theory :
50
Practical
: 50

Measurement and Instrumentation

Final Examination Plan


Uni
t

Unit Title

Distribution of Theory Marks


Cognitive level
(Blooms taxonomy)
U An Ap E
Sy
Total
Marks

Units, dimensions and Standards

03

03

00

00

00

00

06

Measurements and Measurement


systems
Operating principles of
Electronic and Electrical
Measuring Instruments
Sensors and Transducers
Measurement of physical and
electrical
quantities
using
Transducers

03

03

00

00

00

00

06

05

05

00

02

00

00

12

03
08

03
08

00
00

00
04

00
00

00
00

06
20

22

22

00

06

00

00

50

I
II
III

IV
V

Total

Legends: R = Remember; U = Understand; Ap = Apply; An = Analysis; E = Evaluation, Sy = Synthesis, as per


(Blooms revised taxonomy)

Measurement and Instrumentation

9.

SUGGESTED LIST OF EXERCISES/PRACTICAL

The practical/exercises should be properly designed and implemented with an attempt to develop
different types of skills so that students are able to acquire the competency. Following is the list
of experiments for guidance.
S. No.

Unit
No.

3
4

I
I

II

II

III

8
9

III
III

10

IV

Practical/Exercise
Measurement of DC and small AC voltage using various
settings of CRO.
To use function generator and observe different patterns of
waveforms by various settings of CRO.
Measurement of frequency using various settings of CRO
To operate and measure different electrical quantity using
multi-meter

02
02
02

Measurement of power in single phase AC circuit using


wattmeter
Measurement of power in single phase AC circuit using
energy meter
Measurement of temperature using RTD and
thermocouple
Measurement of displacement suing LVDT
Measurement of force/weight using load cell

02

Measurement of humidity wet bulb and dry bulb


method

02

Total

10.

Apprx.
Hrs.
Required
02

02
02
02
02

20

SUGGESTED LIST OF STUDENT ACTIVITIES


Students are expected to make a survey of analog and digital instruments used in the
professional field. They have to submit a brief report based on application of any one
instrument of their choice. Report must include a block diagram of the system, brief
summary of the application they have studied and the list of resources used. Students are
free to use internet, technical data sheets, books, conference/journal papers etc..
This activity is included in the assessment module.

Measurement and Instrumentation

11.

SUGGESTED LEARNING RESOURCES


A. List of Books:

S.
No
.
1
2
3
4

Title of Books

Author

Electronic & Electrical


Measurements and
Insturmentation
Electrical & Electronic
Measurements and Insturments
Industrial Instrumentation and
Control
Electronic Measurement and
instrumentation

J B Gupta
A. K. Shawhney

Publication
Kataria & Sons
Dhanpat Rai and Sons,
Delhi

S. K. Singh
Helfric & Cooper

Tata Mc Grawhill

B. Learning Websites
1. www.wikipedia.com
2. www.youtube.com
3. www.nptel.iitm.ac.in
C. List of Software (preferably open source)
No software is required for this course as it do not involve any detailed analysis and
performance calculation etc.
D. List of Major Equipment with broad specifications
1. Analog CRO, 25 MHz, dual channel
2. Function generator, 2 MHz
3. Power Supply, 0-30 V, dual channel along with 5 fixed voltage
4. Digital Multi-meter
5. Voltmeter, Ammeter, Wattmeter and Energy-meter
6. Transducers : Strain gauge, thermister, thermocouple, RTD, LVDT, Load cell,
List of faculty members:
SR.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Name
DR. Sanjay R. Joshi
DR. Bhavik Suthar
Prof. Jyoti Swami
Prof. Rozina Surani
Prof. M. V. Patel
Prof. R. K. Shukla

Institute Name
Drs &ss Ghandhy Govt Engg college,surat
LDCE, Ahmedabad
LDCE, Ahmedabad
VGEC, Chandkheda
VGEC, Chandkheda
VGEC, Chandkheda