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Gordon Braswe is a retired nursery owner who spcialized in Bougainvieas. This document is intended
to provide sucient information about bougainvilleas that anyone interested in growing them wi
have the necessary knowledge to be successful.
Since George lived in Zone 8 (North Florida), his
knowledge about growing bougainviea was cetered on growing them in pots, baskets and other cotainers; thus there is little information regarding
their use in landscaping.
.4& (-5(++$ 2&1.6 -#!+..,(-"8"+$2'$
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3'$- ++3'$!1 "32% ++.@'$/+ -33'$-&.$2
(-3.  6$$*/$1(.#6'$--.!1 "32 1$
/1.#4"$#41(-&3'(2"8"+$-$6+$ 5$223$,2
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+..*4-#$1.4& (-5(++$ 4+341$%.1,.1$#$
3 (+23'$-8.4" -$7/$"3 -$6?42'.%
!+.., %3$13'(2;5$&$3 3(5$<&1.63'"8"+$
.6$5$1(-.13',$1(" !.4& (-5(++$ 2
!+..,!$23(-/1(-& ++ -#(-3$1:+.-&
# 8+$-&3'2(-4,,$11$3 1#!1 "3%.1, 3(.-
- 1$ 2"+.2$3.3'$$04 3.16'$1$# 8-(&'3
+$-&3'2 1$$04 +!.4& (-5(++$ 23$-#3.!$
$5$1!+..,(-&

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6 83'$82'.6.@3'$(1!+..,2 "34 ++83'$(1
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%4+(-%.1, 3(.- !.43&1.6(-&!.4& (-5(++$ 2.
3' 38.4, 8$-).83'(26.-#$1%4+?.6$1(-&
5(-$
Since my expertise is in growing bougainviea
in containers and not in the landscape, the iformation I provide is centered around growing
in pots, baskets and other type containers.

North America Bougainvillea


Bloom Season
.4& (-5(++$ 2=- 341 +' !(3 3(2$04 3.1( +
6'$1$# 8 -#-(&'3+$-&3'2 1$ +,.23$04 +
.4& (-5(++$ 2(-3'$2$ 1$ 23$-#3.!+..,
8$ 11.4-#!43(-.13',$1(" !$23!+..,
(-&.""4126'$-3'$-(&'3+$-&3' -## 8
+$-&3' 1$ +,.23$04 +(-2/1(-&.1% ++-
6(-3$1!+..,(-&(2!$33$13' -(-3'$#.&# 82
.%4&423!$" 42$.%-(&'3+$-&3'+2.2.,$
"4+3(5 12 1$31(&&$1$#3.!+.., %3$1 1 (-8
2$ 2.-%.++.6$#!8 #182$ 2.-

Best Climate for Bougainvillea


.4& (-5(++$ 2 1$31./(" + -#,423!$/1.
3$"3$#%1.,%1.23-.-$ -#"..+$18.4
1$ +,.23+(,(3$#3.&1.6(-&3'$,(-2.,$
*(-#.%".-3 (-$14-+$228.431$ 33'$, 2 -
--4 +/+ -3 -$6/+ -3.43#..12$ "'8$ 1
:6'("'6.1*2>-$(%8.4.!3 (- + 1&$/+ -3
(-3'$/1(-&
.4& (-5(++$ 23'1(5$(-%4++24-3+$ 23 
'.412 # 8.%%4++24-+(&'3(23'$,(-(, ++(&'3
1$04(1$#%.1&..#!+..,.1$'.412.%#(1$"3
24-(2!$33$1$223' - '.412 -#3'$/+ -3
, 8-.3!+..,5$186$++-2' #$.1/ 13( +
2' #$8.46(++' 5$-("$5$&$3 3(5$&1.63'
!43+(33+$.1-.!+..,
.4& (-5(++$ 2#.-=3!+..,6$++(-#..12%
/.22(!+$*$$/8.41/+ -3.43#..12(-3'$
, 7(,4,24- 5 (+ !+$%/+ "$#.- /.1"'
/ 3(..1! +".-86'$1$3'$/+ -31$"$(5$2 3
+$ 23 '.412.%24-$ "'# 8 %3$1-..-24-(2
!$233'$-(32'.4+#!+..,.* 8
!.4& (-5(++$ +(*$2'(&''4,(#(38)423!$%.1$
(3".,$2(-3.!+..,-"$!+..,' 2!$$-(-(
3( 3$#3'$-(36(++3.+$1 3$+$22'4,(#(38
.4& (-5(++$ ' 236.#(23(-"3&1.63'"8"+$2
5$&$3 3(5$&1.63'/$1(.#%.12$5$1 +6$$*2
:6'$--$6+$ 5$2 -#23$,2&1.6

9 %3'$/+

-31$"$(5$2$-.4&'24-+(&'33'$
/+ -36(++%.1,!4#2#41(-&3'(23(,$%
3'$1$(2-.3$-.4&'24-+(&'33'$/+ -3
6(++1$, (-(-5$&$3 3(5$"8"+$

%((&#'!)*#(( +.*%/$+/"'%#,,%
(*'(.!,,#.!*(/,"(-*+

3 "%'!,"( ,#&,"1/#%%%((&#+
)'',-)(',""%,"( ,")%','
,"'.#*('&',,"1*#',"&(*
+-''",,",,*(/.*%('!
1+'+"(*,'#!",+-%1' -!-+,#'
%(*#%#&#,(-!#'.#%%#%#,1,(
%((&

Use your Bougainvillea in different


ways
'1"1*#(-!#'.#%%*+-#, (*!*(/
#'!'#'!#+)%1#'&'1#9*',+#2
(',#'*+*#+1*(%)%',#' 5
"'!#'!+$,*1#9*',)(,+(*(',#'
*+,(!*(/1(-*(-!#'.#%%(-'$)
,"#++#2 (*+.*%1*+1(#'!"*)*-'
 ,*"%((&1%

What About the Thorns?


(-!#'.#%%+".,"(*'+4,","(*'+*
%(,,,"+( "% ''(,-)'
(/',"+,&%#$*(+

"8(/*( (-!#'.#%%#+,-%#$'#+
#'+#!'#7',,"*,++-**(-'#'!,","*
,-8(/*+*,")*(&#'',+"(/+,())*+

-#,%(',#'*+
Choosing a Container
"#&! (*,"#+)!#+(-!#'.#%%#' 
!%%(''-*+*1(',#'*".+-++ -%%1
!*(/'(-!#'.#%%#' !%)(, (* 1*+(*
&(*+(('6,*-+",(*)(,,")%',/#%%
%((&,,*/"')(,(-',#+#&)(*,',
,",1(-('6,)%,")(,#*,%1(',"
!*(-'4#'('+-&&*,"*((,+/#%%!*(/
(/'#',(,"+(#%'*((,+/#%%&!
/"'1(-%# ,,")(,4%%," **((,+
/#%%% ,#',"!*(-'%/1+)%('
,#'*('+(&,"#'!(,"*,"',"!*(-' #*
/#%%)*-',"*((,+',"1/('6,!*(/(-,( 
,""(%+#',"(,,(&( ,")(,

Drainage is Essential
(,#,"+-*+(',")(,'%+((',"
"'!#'!+$, 1(--+,"+,1)(',#'
*++,*('!%1*(&&',",1(-,$,"
+-*(941(-/#%%&!(-!#'.#%%
*((,+# ,")%',+,'+#'/,*(*,"/,*
'6,*#'(&)%,%1 *(&,")(,

Try All Kinds of Containers

A Bougainvillea Flower

'*%%1(-!#'.#%%'!*(/'#''1
,"#'!,",/#%%"(%+(#%'%%(/)*()*
*#'!(&( ,"&(*,*#,#('%%1-+
(',#'*+#'%-,**(,,%1)(,+)%+
,#)(,+"'!#'!+$,+/#*+$,+%#'
/#,"+)"!'-&&(++(*7*(-+%#'*+('*,
)%',*+)%',*(0+/"#+$1**%+ 
!%%('-$,+,-+'-+"%+$,+(&
( ,"+(',#'*+*&(*-*%,"'(,"
*+*
('6,%#&#,1(-*+% ,(,",*#,#('%/"'#,
(&+,("((+#'!(',#'**,#.
"((+#'!(',#'*,",7,+,"%(($1(-*
,*1#'!,(*,#+"% ," -'( !*(/#'!(-
!#'.#%%#'(',#'*+

/-&3&,'7"4&2*.($/.4"*.&23)"6&#&&.
-".5'"$452&%4/*-02/6&%2"*."(&".%",3/
)"6&#5*,4*.2&3&26/*23'/27"4&2*.(0,".434
*3*-0/24".44/2&-&-#&24)"4"#/5("*.6*,,&"
%/&3./44/,&2"4&34".%*.(*.7"4&2 )"4&6&2
$/.4"*.&29/5$)//3&$/.3*%&24)&3&4*03

: Drainage/5("*.6*,,&"-534)"6&*4
: Insulation6/*%53*.(#,"$+$/.4"*.&23
:

*.'5,,35.
Large enough)&$/.4"*.&2-534#&
,"2(&&./5()4/)/,%4)&-*.*-5-
"-/5.4/'3/*,2&15*2&%'/2-"452&0,".43
4/(2/7*.
Weight *,,*4#&4//)&"694/-/6&
492/'/"-0&".543$".#&53&%*.4)&
#/44/-/'4)&$/.4"*.&22"4)&24)".?,,
*.(*4'5,,97*4)3/*,-*8

/44*.(/*,
/5("*.6*,,&"37*,,4)2*6&*.",-/34".93/*,"3
,/.("3*4*37&,,%2"*.&%".%'&24*,&/*,34)"4
7/2+'/2/4)&20,".439/5(2/77*,,#&?.&'/2
9/52#/5("*.6*,,&"

Soil Suitable for Bougainvillea


4*3*-0/24".44/3&,&$4"(2/7*.(-&%*5-
4)"4%2"*.37&,,#544)"47*,,",3/)&,0+&&0
0,".43'2/-%29*.(/54#&47&&.7"4&2*.(3
&&0*.($/.4"*.&23-/*349&47&,,%2"*.&%*3
4)&-/34*-0/24".4+&94/35$$&33'5,#/5("*.
6*,,&"$5,452&*.$/.4"*.&23
/(2/7#&"54*'5,#/5("*.6*,,&"3".5-#&2/'
$5,452","$4*/.3"2&2&15*2&%-/.(4)&3&
0&2)"034)&-/34*-0/24".4*34)&490&/'
(2/7*.(-&%*5-53&%5&4/4)&2&,"4*6&,9
3)",,/7%&04)".%,*-*4&%6/,5-&/'"$/.
4"*.&2(2/7*.(-&%*"-534#&"-&.%&%4/
02/6*%&4)&"002/02*"4&0)93*$",".%$)&-*$",
02/0&24*&3.&$&33"29'/20,".4(2/74)
*&,%3/*,3"2&(&.&2",,95.3"4*3'"$4/29'/2
(2/7*.(#/5("*.6*,,&"*.$/.4"*.&23)*3*3
02*-"2*,9#&$"53&3/*,3%/./402/6*%&4)&
"&2"4*/.%2"*."(&".%7"4&2)/,%*.($"0"$*49
2&15*2&%/*-02/6&4)*33*45"4*/.3&6&2",
<3/*,,&33=(2/7*.(-&%*")"6&#&&.%&6&,/0&%

)&#&34(2/7*.(-*8452&*3/.&4)"4*33/*,
,&33/*,,&33-&%*""2&'2&&/'".9%*3&"3&
0"4)/(&.3*.3&$40&343".%7&&%3&&%3)&9
"2&",3/(&.&2",,9,*()47&*()4".%0/2/53",
,/7*.('/2"7&,,%2"*.&%9&4-/*3452&
2&4&.4*6&-*82&-*8&%(2/7*.(-&%*""2&
"6"*,"#,&'2/-("2%&.$&.4&23/7&6&2#&
$"2&'5,./44/53&0&"4/20&"4,*4&-*8&3",/.&
94)&-3&,6&34)&3&-&%*"4&.%4/#&$/-&
$/-0"$4&%4//,*()47&*()4".%)"2%4/7&4
9(2&"4&3402/#,&-7*4)0&"40&"4,*4&-*8&3
*37)&.4)&3/*,%2*&3$/-0,&4&,94)&2//4#",,
7*,,05,,"7"9'2/-4)&3*%&/'4)&0/4".%*4*3
",-/34*-0/33*#,&4/$/-0,&4&,97&44)&3/*,
"("*.;4)&7"4&23*-0,925.3%/7.4)&3*%&
/'4)&$/.4"*.&2".%%2"*.3/544)&#/44/-'
9/520,".4%2*&3/54".%9/553&4)*3490&/'
-*84/2&7&4*4,&44)&0/43*4*."0"*,/'7"
4&25.4*,4)&3/*,#",,*3$/-0,&4&,97&4

Mix Your Own Soil


!/5$".$2&"4&9/52/7.#,&.%/'3/*,-*8#9
53*.(0&"4-/336&2-*$5,*4&/20&2,*4&34&2*,&
0/44*.(3/*,/2$/-0/34&%3/*,-*8".%$/"23&
#5*,%&2>33".%/4&)/'4)&3/*,*36&29*-
0/24".4'9/5-*89/52/7.3/*,4)&.9/5
3)/5,%$/.3*%&24)&'/,,/7*.(/5("*.6*,,&"
02&'&2"0*.4)& 4/2".(&
/-&$/--&2$*",,902&0"2&%(2/7*.(-*8452&3
)"6&"."%%&%7&44*.("(&.47)*$)*3"(2&"4
)&,07)&.*4$/-&34/0,".4*.(".%7"4&2*.(
!/5-"9",3/$/.3*%&2"%%*.(7"4&2"#3/2#*.(
0/,9-&23/2<(&,=4)"4"#3/2#3".%2&4"*.350
4/ 4*-&3*437&*()4*.7"4&2/,9-&23"2&
./.4/8*$".%,"34'/2".5-#&2/'9&"23#&'/2&
#2&"+*.(%/7.*.4)&&.6*2/.-&.4
&2&*34)&-*853&%*.-9.523&29'/2#/5
("*.6*,,&"

:  /24*$5,452",0&"4-/33
: *.&"2+/,%#"2+./24),/2
:

*%"0*.&#"2+*3"$)&"0".%2&"%*,9"6"*,
"#,&*.(2&%*&.4

*6&2".%

)&"-/5.4/',*-&"%%&%7"3",7"93#"3&%/.
3/*,4&34*.(".%*46"2*&3

 +))+*(51/"!/+&(("//)&401."

8 ,.0$.!"*/+&(*+0 (5
8 ,.03/%"!1&(!".://*!,".(&0"+.
8
8
8

,1)& "
,.0%+.0& 1(01.(,"0)+//
-1.0/0")"!+*")"(,".1/%"(
$((+*/+#)&401."
,&*0!+(+)&0"(&)",".1/%"(+#/+&(
)&4

&4((&*$."!&"*0/0%+.+1$%(55/%+2"(&*$
0%")#.+)+*",&("0+*+0%".0("/00%.""
0&)"/1(2".&6"*5(.$"(1),/+. (+!//5+1
)&4%"*0%+.+1$%(5)&4"!!!/1= &"*0
30".0+)+&/0"*0%")&401."*!/0+."&*
/%"(0"."!/,+01*0&(5+1."."!50+1/"&0
$.$" *3/0"/'"0+.(.$"1 '"0
)'"/%*!5/0+.$" +*0&*".
%&/$"*".(,+00&*$)&401.",.+2&!"//1&0
("$.+30%)"!&1)#+.)+/0 +*0&*".,(*0/
&* (1!&*$2"$"0("/"!!&*$,(*0/$".*&
1)/"$+*&/#1 %/&/*!&2&"/10#+.
+1$&*2&(("#+1*!0%00%" ,"0

,&*".'*! /*!3&0%0%")+1*0
+#!+(+)&0"(&)"(35/!","*!&*$1,+*/+&(
0"/0&*$9%+3"2".5+1/%+1(!"("0+1/"
0%"+2")&401."3&0%"4 "(("*0."/1(0/#+.
5+1.+1$&*2&(("

%""/&"/0)"0%+!+#%+)"/+&(0."0)"*0&/
3&0%+2"*%"0( "0%" +*0&*".+#/+&(&*
0%"+2"**!'"1*0&(0%" "*0".+#0%")&4
&/ 7#+. )&*10"//"0%".)+)"0".0+
%" ')& .+32"+2"*(/+)5"1/"!

Table 1
Commonly Used Soil-less Mixtures
Volume /
Volume Ratio

Components
"0".(&0"

 

"0".(&0"".)& 1(&0"

 

"0".(&0"".)& 1(&0"

 

"0.'*!

 

"0.'".(&0"

 

"0.'*!

",+00&*$

"#+."1/&*$5+1.)&40+.",+0,(*0/"/1."
&0&/!),+0((5!.5/+&()&401."&/!&= 1(0
0+%*!("*!)5!)$"0"*!"..++0/"#+."
0%",(*0&/30"."!

Sterilizing Soil
0&/*+.)((51**" "//.5+."2"*1*!"/&.("
0+/0".&(&6",+00&*$/+&(/.!"*/+&(/ +*0&*
)&((&+*/+#(&2&*$+.$*&/)/"*"; &(0+0%"
/+&(%"5+*(5.."(5 +*0&*!&/"/"+.$*
&/)/0%0)&$%0!)$"5+1.%+1/",(*0/
+1*$/""!(&*$/!1.&*$0%";./0
0+ 3""'/+#
$.+30%."0%")+/0/1/ ",0&("0+00 '5
/+&(+.*"!&/"/"+.$*&/)/+,."2"*0
!),&*$+<!&/"/"+*/""!(&*$/&0)5%"(,
0+%"00."00%"/+&(1/"!#+./""!(&*$,.+!1 
0&+*

A pot-bound (roots fill the pot) Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea Roots are Fragile


+1$&*2&(("%/3"'.++0/5/0")*!3&((
(++)"/03%"*0%".++0/ +),("0"(5;((0%"
,+0

Repotting Bougainvillea
"/5'!).6),,%!",//-3"%347(%.0/4"/5.$
/$/./4"%4%-04%$4/2%0/45.,%339/5
-534(!6%&/5.$4(!4)4)3"%344/,%!6%4(%
0,!.4).)43/2)').!,#/.4!).%25.4),4(%2//43
(!6%2%0,!#%$!,,/&4(%3/),!.$9/5#!.;4+%%0
4(%0,!.47%,,7!4%2%$/2%8!-0,%)4)3./4
5.535!,4/'2/7!"/5'!).6),,%!).!'!,,/.
0/4&/2
/2-/2%9%!23
(%.)4)3.%#%33!294/2%0/42%-%-"%24(!4!
"/5'!).6),,%!(!3!6%29$%,)#!4%2//43934%-
!.$!&2!'),%2//44/34%-#/..%#4)/.!.$,%
"/5'!).6),,%!7)4(#!2%
$/./42%#/--%.$2//4025.).'7(%.9/5
2%0/49/52"/5'!).6),,%!).&!#4$)3452"4(%
2//43!3,)44,%!30/33)",%"%#!53%4(%0,!.4
-)'(4'/).4/3(/#+!.$4!+%7%%+34/2%#/6%2
/24()32%!3/.9/53(/5,$!,7!930/4).4/!
,!2'%2#/.4!).%24(!.4(%/,$/.%/2%8!-0,%
)&4(%0,!.4(!3"%%.'2/7).').! ).#(0/4
4(%.9/53(/5,$2%0/24).4/! ).#(0/4
(%.2%0/44).'"/5'!).6),,%!2%-%-"%24(!4
)4,/6%34/"%0/4"/5.$3/0/4).4/4(%3-!,,
%34#/.4!).%2!6!),!",%&/24(%0520/3%9/5$%
3)2%

%24),):%2

Bougainvillea glabra

Fertilizer is Essential
(%)-!'%&/24()33%#4)/.)3"2!#43/&!"/5
'!).6),,%!',!"2!(%."/5'!).6),,%!)3
(%!,4(9!,,0!243/&4(%0,!.434%-3,%!6%3
!.$"2!#437),,"%',/339#/,/2%$!.$3(/7
3)'.3/&6)'/2//437),,"%7()4%.$%2&%$
"/5'!).6),,%!7),,,//+4(%/00/3)4%

5,4)6!4).'"/5'!).6),,%!3)3!.%.*/9!",%!.$
2%7!2$).'%80%2)%.#%(%"!3)##5,452%)3./4
$)=#5,4!.$-/340,!.432%15)2%/.,9!&%7
-).54%3/&!44%.4)/.%!#(7%%+/.#%4(%"!3)#
%.6)2/.-%.4!,2%15)2%-%.43!2%3!4)3<%$(%9
$/(/7%6%22%15)2%4()3-).)-!,#!2%/.!
2%'5,!2"!3)3,!.43!2%,)6).'4().'3!.$-534
"%-!.!'%$3/4(!44(%)2,)&%3500/243934%-3
!2%#/.4).5/53

Feeding Your Bougainvillea


/5-534&%%$9/520,!.47)4(!"!,!.#%$&%2
4),):%2%)4(%2$29/27!4%23/,5",%(%+%9)3
"!,!.#%   7)4(-)./2%,%-%.437/2+3
<.%/24(%,!34&%79%!23(!6%53%$   
#!-'7)4(#(%,!4%$2/.!3-902)-!29&%24),
):%2&9/5+./74(%0(/&9/527!4%2!.$4(%
0(/&9/523/),9/5#!.4!),/2!30%#)<#&%24),
):%02/'2!-4)36%29)-0/24!.44(!44(%.)
42/'%.3/52#%/&7(!4%6%2&%24),):%9/553%)3
&2/-#!,#)5-.)42!4%2%!!.$!--/.)5-
.)42!4%"/4((!6%#!53%$-%02/",%-37(%.
&%%$).'/5'!).6),,%!/4%%4%23   
/2)2!#,%2/77),,7/2+*534<.%
,!.43'2/7).').#/.4!).%23(!6%!,)-)4%$
6/,5-%/&3/),&2/-7()#(4/%842!#44(%-).
%2!,.542)%.43&%24),):%2.%%$%$&/2'2/74(
(%3500,9/&.542)%.43).4(%#/.4!).%23"%
#/-%3%8(!534%$2!0)$,9)&4(%0,!.4)3!#4)6%,9
'2/7).'%0,%.)3(.542)%.432%'5,!2,9(%
%!3)%347!9)34/7!4%24(%0,!.437)4(!3/,5
4)/./&3/,5",%&%24),):%2
!.94/4!,,93/,5",%&%24),):%23!2%!6!),!",%).
-/34'!2$%.34/2%3).#%4(%96!29).342%.'4(
0%2#%.4/&&%24),):%2.542)%.43$),54%/2$)3
3/,6%4(%-).9/527!4%2).'#!.!##/2$).'4/
4(%,!"%,$)2%#4)/.3)8/.,9%./5'(/&4()3
&%24),):%23/,54)/.4/7!4%29/52#/.4!).%2
0,!.43/.#%%!#(4)-%9/5&%24),):%%24),):%
9/52"/5'!).6),,%!32%'5,!2,97)4(!3/,5",%&%2
4),):%252).'4(%,/.'$!93/&4(%9%!2!34%2
4/(!.+3')6).'7(%.4(%9!2%!#4)6%,9'2/7
).'&%24),):%!"/54%6%29/4(%27%%+

Feed Less in Winter

pH Bar Graph

52*.(4)&3)/24%"93/'4)&9&"2 )".+3(*6
*.(4/"34&2'&24*,*:&/.,9&6&29 4/7&&+3
'4)&0,".43"2&4/4",,9%/2-".4./,&"6&3/2
#5%3%/./4'&24*,*:&5.4*,.&7(2/74)34"243

)*3#"2(2"0)(*6&34)&02".(&3"47)*$)
0,".4.542*&.437*,,#&-/34"6"*,"#,& )&
7*%&24)&#"24)&-/2&"6"*,"#,&4)&.542*&.4
",$*5--"(.&3*5-".%0/4"33*5-<4)&&8
$)".(&"#,&#"3&3<"2&-/34"6"*,"#,&"4)*()
0".%5."6"*,"#,&"4,/70*42/(&.".%
35,'52)"6&3*-*,"2"6"*,"#,&02".(&32/.
-".(".&3&:*.$".%$/00&2"2&,&33"6"*,"#,&
"4)*()06",5&3)/30)/253".%#/2/."2&
5."6"*,"#,&"4#/4),/70".%)*()0

Fertilizer tips

; ,/7/24*-&%2&,&"3&'&24*,*:&23"2&".
;
;
;
;

"$$&04"#,&".%%&3*2"#,&7"94/'&24*,*:&
#/5("*.6*,,&"/,,/7,"#&,%*2&$4*/.3
,".43(2/7#&347*4)3-",,"-/5.43/'
.542*&.43"6"*,"#,&4/4)&-$/.34".4,9
/./4"00,9'&24*,*:&234/%293/*,
/./4/6&2'&24*,*:&/2&*3./4#&44&2
,".43$".#&+*,,&%4?3#&44&24/5.%&2
%/4)"./6&2%/
/4)/2(".*$".%39.4)&4*$'&24*,*:&23"2&
"$$&04"#,&3/52$&3/'0,".4.542*&.43

Bougainvillea Nutrient /
pH Requirements
#/5("*.6*,,&"2&15*2&3*42/(&.)/30)/
2/53/4"33*5-",$*5-"(.&3*5-".%
2/.0,53",,4)&-*./2&,&-&.43545.,&33
4)&0)/'9/523/*,*3.?4*.4)&02/0&22".(&
4)&.4/.3/''&24*,*:&27/.?4)&,0/7)&.3"9
4)&0)/'4)&3/*,*3*-0/24".4<*4*3//+"4
4)&$)"24#&,/70)*34)&0/*.47)&2&-/34
&,&-&.43"2&"6"*,"#,&

Fertilizer Elements
"$+"(&%'&24*,*:&23"2&2&15*2&%#9,"74/)"6&
4)&0&2$&.4"(&3/'.*42/(&.0)/30)/253
".%0/4"33*5-02*.4&%/.4)&#"(!/5
7*,,3&&


/2 
 &4$ )&.5-#&23
2&02&3&.44)&0&2$&.4"(&/'&"$).542*&.4*.
4)&02/%5$4@234.5-#&2*3'/2.*42/(&.4)&
3&$/.%'/20)/30)/253".%4)&4)*2%'/20/
4"33*5-
".9$)&-*$",'&24*,*:&237*,,",3/$/.4"*.
42"$&&,&-&.43".%-*./2.542*&.43-*.&2",3
35$)"3$",$*5-*2/.-"(.&3*5-&4$",,/'
7)*$)"2&.&$&33"29*.6&293-",,"-/5.43'/2
(//%0,".4(2/74) )&,"#&,7*,,,*344)&0&2
$&.4"(&3/'4)&3&-*$2/&,&-&.43"37&,,
/2"#"(/''&24*,*:&27*4)"./'



4)&$534/-&2+./734)"4 /'4)&#"(*3
"$45",'&24*,*:&2 7*,,#&@,,&23/2"=$"2
2*&2>4-"+&3(//%&$/./-*$3&.3&4/#594)&
02/%5$47*4)4)&)*()&344/4",0&2$&.4"(&#54
2&-&-#&29/5-534+./79/520,".43?.&&%3
@234'4)&0&2$&.4"(&*3)*()&22&"%4)&*.
3425$4*/.3$"2&'5,,93*.$&9/5-"9.&&%4/"0
0,9LESS4)".4)&-".5'"$452&22&$/-
-&.%3

Nitrogen Provides Growing Power and


Makes Plant Leaves and Stems
Green
*42/(&.*353&%4/'/2-#"3*$02/4&*.3$),/
2/0)9,,".%&.:9-&3'/24)&0,".4$&,,3.
3)/24"0,".4$".?4(2/77*4)/54*4

'-*($&,+-+,!&",*,'*&",*"'*%'
&",*' &"%%",$1-+,!16*+'$-$

-,'.*/,*"& &/+!,!%/1!
%%'&"-%,1(+'&",*' &/"$$,#*'%
,/'/#+,',!*%'&,!+'*,!($&,,'
-+-,/'&6,$!'-,',!(',
!&-+"& *,"$"2*+!#,!(# ,'
+/!"!#"&'&",*' &1'-6* ,,"& !
45&-%*',!45'*%-$/"$$,$$
1'-,!(*&, '&",*' &1/" !,"&
,!%"0 4)-"#*$+5*,"$"2*/"$$'&
,"&&",*,++'1'-*($&,&-+,!%*" !,
/14$'/*$+5"&",+,!%%'&"-%
'*%'&",*' & %%'&"-%&",*,"+,-
$$1!$&!$%"0'&",*"'01 &)-"#
*$+&%%'&"-%&",*' &+$'/*$+
!&*,"$"2"& *%%*,!,,''%-!&"
,*' &&++,''$",,$$&,+&
+-9*&",*' &-*&'* *'/+'%-!'$" 
,!,,!1&.*8'/*

Phosphorous Stimulates Budding and


Blooming
$&,+&(!'+(!'*-+,'(*'-*-",+
8'/*+&++,$+'!$(+%#1'-*
($&,+%'**+"+,&,,'"++!'+(!'*-+
'+&6,"++'$.$"#&",*' &!+'"$/"$$
!& '&,'(!'+(!'*-+&',*$+"& ","&,'
/,*
1'-6*$''#"& '* ''+'-*+'(!'+(!'
*-+!#,!"& *"&,+'&1($&,''
1'--1!45&-%*',!45'*
%-$/"$$,$$1'-,!(*&, '(!'+(!'
*-+1/" !,"&,!%"0'-+!'-$$+'$''#
'*"& *"&,+$"#'&%$'$$'"$(!'+
(!,'**'#(!'+(!,
'-%1$+'++-(*(!'+(!,+%'*
+'$-$'*%'(!'+(!'*-+
*-$/",!
,!+.*"& /",!+-(*(!'+(!,+&
,-$$1*,(!'+(!'*-+7"&"+
-+,!1/+!/1,''+"$1,!(*"$+'
4)-"#705

Potassium Promotes Strong Vigorous


Roots and Resistance to Disease
',++"-%"+&-,*"&,1'-*($&,+&'*
''"&,*&$!%"+,*1$&,+-+(',++"-%
,'(*'-,!+- *++,*!+(*',"&+&
&21%+,!1&,' *'/&,!*".',+
+"-%$+'!$(+1'-*($&,+* -$,,!"*/,*
-+ &,,*/",!+,&,!'$

Other Micro-elements
'-*($&,+&*,"&,*$%&,+&
&-,*"&,+,'%#,!+,-+'+'"$/,*
&"* &"%('*,&,,!"& ,'*%%*
'-,,*%"&*$+"+,!,($&,+&6,$/1+
-+,!%'+,'%%'&'*%+1'-* *&
+,'*+-(($"+,!% ,,!!$,'*%+'
,!,*%"&*$+ !$,%"&*$+!.$
*1 '&,!*'- !,!!%"$!& +,!,
%#,!%"&*$+-+$,'1'-*($&,+
 &+"-% &*'& *,!4!$'
*'(!1$$!$(*+5!16*',!"%('*,&,,'
,!($&,6+(*'-,"'&'!$'*'(!1$$ &
+"-%"&,%#+-(,!'*',!!$'*'
(!1$$%'$-$ '$'%",$"%&(+'%+$,+
* ''+'-*+'% &+"-%'+-(($11'-*
($&,+/",!"*'&,*1+(*1"& $")-"+/'*
!$,"*'&
$"-% &'*'&
*++&,"$'*
(*'(*/,*-(,#&',!*"%('*,&,
'*(*'(*$$'*%,"'& $"-%"+(*+&,"&
1(+-%$"%&'1+,*+!$$+
'*'&"+."$
$"&'*0&!$,'*'&+(*1
-$-*2"&&&%& &+&*
,!4,$1+,+5,!,!$(',!*&-,*"&,++-!+
&",*' &'%-+$11'-*($&,+1(
+-%&8'/*+'+-$-** ''+'-*+'
+-$-*!',!*+*."$$"&!$,
'*%-+-$$1++(*1
'&6,/'**13*%%*$$',!'.&
'-&"&*1%%"0++-!+(,*+'*
%"*$ *'

Deficiency Signs
Nitrogen deficiency:(!".("2"/01.*
,("$.""**!0%"2"&*/."1/1((5."!!&/%
+(+."3$.+30%3&(("/01*0"!

0".&*$

Phosphorus deficiency:%"2"&*/3&((01.*
."!0+,1.,("*!0%",(*0/3%+("3&(((++'
,1.,(&/%
Potassium deficiency:1/"/0%""!$"/+#
+(!".0%"("2"/0+",1.,(" +(+.*!0%"
("#0&,/3&((".+3*&/% +(+.
Magnesium deficiency:&./0,,"./+*
+(!".("2"/3%"."0%"501.*/,+00"!5"((+3
+.0* +(+.
Zinc deficiency (rare):&(((++'()+/0(&'"
)$*"/&1)10%"."0%"("#3&(("03&/0"!
Iron deficiency (always one of my greatest problems):+1*$$.+30%&//01*0"!*!
,("85+19(('*+3&0/&.+*&#0%"2"&*/+*0%"
("#.")&*$.""*
Calcium is another element0%0(35/
%!0+/1,,(")"*0" 1/"+#0%"/3""0*"//+#
)530".%"*&0&/!": &"*0!"!."/,
,".&*5+1*$$.+30%*!0%"0&,//++*!&"

How Often to Fertilize


,."#".0+#""!" %0&)"30".105+1 *
#".0&(&6"3""'(5&)+*0%(5+."2".5+0%".0&)"
5+130".#5+1!+&0" %0&)"5+130".1/"
,,)+100("/,++*+#   3
0"./+(1("#".0&(&6".,".$((+*+#30".#5+1
#""!("//+#0"*0%"*&* ."/"0%")+1*00+

,,) 0("/,++*/,".$((+*

Bougainvillea Eva's Variegata

%"&)$"#+.0%&//" 0&+*&/29/.&"$0
+*0.&10"!5)2".5%+*$&*(5/&
,(*00%&//&6"&* +*0&*".3&((."-1&."!!&(5
30".&*$0".&*$/ %"!1("//%+1(!"/"!
+*/"2".(0%&*$/"(+33&((!&/ 1//0%")

Watering Your Bougainvillea


%"(0%5+1$&*2&(("&* +*0&*"."/,"
&((5&*%*$&*$/'"03&((!.&*'(+0+#
30".!1.&*$0%"3.)0&)"/+#0%"5".*
++(".,".&+!/+.3%"*5+1.&*$5+1.+1
$&*2&(("&*!++./#+.0%"3&*0".0%"30".."
-1&.")"*03&((")1 %("//
)+#0"*/'"!0%"-1"/0&+*+3)1 %3
0". (35/%2"0+*/3".3&0%&0VARIES

7 +&(05,"
7 ++0/5/0")
7 &6"+#0%",(*0
7 &.0"),".01."
++*#0".,+00&*$1,0%",(*0)5"%,,5
3&0%+*"/+'&*$3""'#0".0%".++0/%2"
!"2"(+,"!0%"/)",(*0)5."-1&."30".
!&(5

My Rule of Thumb About Watering a


Bougainvillea
+,(*0/%+1(!"30"."!&#&0!+"/*90*""!
&0&'"3&/",(*03%& %*""!/30".MUST
"30"."!&))"!&0"(52".30".&*$&//
%.)#1(/1*!".30".&*$
0.50+&*/," 0)5,(*0/!&(5*!"4,".&"* "
%/01$%0)"0+'*+30%"/&$*+#+1$&*
2&(("3%"*&0&/+100+3&(0.50+(".*#.+)

*&"$*$,*%%)%!$ +)*%(
*()*-"*)*

General Information About Watering


All Container Plants
*($)*#%)*#&%(*$*$#%)*%
*$+)+"*+("&(*
%+$,"")
#+)*,%$*$+%+)$'+*)+&&"/%
-*(+**/$%$"/)%(-*((%#*
)%"+$((*$%$*%$) ()**(#+)*
)+&&"/%-*($*)%")%"&(*
")%"(*$#%+$*%-*(*%%3(#"/
%(*&"$*)*%*!-*()+&&"/,"
"*%&"$*))-*($.))%**(
'+(*%)*)/*)%"*)"
%$)%#(#+)*$*)%"%(*
&"$*(%%*)*%+$*%$$)%(-*(
(%(*)%"#+)*$%*%$*$)%#+
-*(**$%(%%#)"*%(( %%&%*
*$)%"-""$%*%"*%%#+-*(%"
$*%**%#%*%$*$(""%-).))
-*(*%($-/
4($*-$*)*-%.*(#))
""*,""-*()+&&"/(%&(-*(
#$#$*)-*($&(%(#**,%)
%*.*(#)$#$*$))+&&"/%,"
"-*(*""*#)%""%-$+
"$)#/"&/%+)*"))*)*%(/-
*($)+"

0 ""%-*)%"$*&%*)*%%#(/

0
0
0

%$*)+(%(/%+-*($
)#$*$)%%"$%($
-*(
)%#&"$*)('+(('+$*-*($
#%,*#$*%)"*"/"((&%*)-*
%(()&%$$"/"((-*(%"$
&*)
%#&"$*)"!)(**$)++
"$*))%+"-*(,(/+*%+)"/
+($*)%(*/)%*/(*
*.&*%$%)"$)$,(//%+$
&"$*)$%-*()$))(/(%#%+*
#%,#(*%#(
"/%($)%")(5+"**%(-*
%$*/(/%+*/")%*$*%
)($!-/(%#%$*$())""%-
$-*(*%(+$%-$$%+**($
%")-*%+**+""/#%)*$$*
)%"$*)))+#(*$*(&%*
$-*(+$*"*#+#)+""/#%)
*$
"+))%"+")"*)(%#&%*)%$(+"(
)))/,(/#%$*)
"%($$*&-*(-""$%*(#
&"$*)
"+%($*&-*($#)$)
*,&"$*)

0 )-""&(&(&%**$)%"%(&"$*

0
0

$)))+()%%-*((*$*%$
&*/$*)%")-""))&%(
%./$**&"$*(%%*)#+)*,
"-/),($%"$%$*$()
)%.))-*($($-/)-""
&(,$*%,(-*($
$-*($+)$%+-*(*%(+$
%+**($%")+)+""/))+()
/%+**/%+,1(&"$)2*,"
")+&&"/$(+))"*+"+& %
$%*""%-&%**%)*$.))-*(%+(
*-/%(()*&%*%$)#))%*)
"-/)%,*","%($%+*-
*($*)+(
%$%*-*(%$*#)+"

 &$$!&&!

Bougainvillea Small Leaf Purple

Bougainvillea is NOT Frost Hardy


%" &$#'$%) &$"$!&&! 
!'
 (+&&"$&'$$
 %!)$, !$ !'$%
&$!%&
) !&&" &'&)& +&$
&$!%&&(% $&%)!1
&%%&" &)$$!) !&%'
&&!!$$!%&%!$! $'$&! 

%%&!(!' (&$! 


$"$' %%!'! !$!(
 &" & !!$%!$&) &$
+ $! / $$' 0

- !'

Winter Protection for Bougainvillea

&% !&' '%'!$!' (&!'


!!!) &!%&&!!(& 
!!$%!$) &$
!%&&+&$
$  " &&%'!!! %
&$&%)!1 !%&!&(%
)( &'+!1%) $! 
&&+!'!$"$' !$!( & 
!!$%

(%(   )$!)&


&$"$' %&$&%! !$&)!'%
!)&'&  !&'" !) &
 &$$  +! /$0"$' 
*&%"$ ) &" &$$!)%&
)'$$!&%'"!%&$
$ &!"$'  !' ( (
!' ! &)%""!$&!
! (  " &%)$ )$ %
$!)'" !) &%&&$" 
.( %!$ " &%& &!$!)
! +! !$&)!$ %$!&
'%'%&!)&'&&$"$'  
+!'&%"!+!'$" & !)
& +!'+ !&( ) &&!"$' 
!$!( & !!$%*&%"$ &)
!&%%"'%&$!)$$
'&% !&#'&&%"+!'%$!$
%!($$!) & &%%&&!!$
"$' 

+!'(" &+!'$!' ( &


%!!'&!!$% ) &&!&'" !(&
 !!$%!$&) &$*"&&" &&!!
 &!!$ +%!! $& &  
! & $.&$!!&%$%'&!
 )&'%$&$& &!!
)&$.'&&" &%!'%'$((&%
 !&$ %" & 



Where to Place Your Bougainvillea


While Indoors

%"#'!

!,&#*"&!0'%-*1!"%
,"(%"(!)*!""%&,"(#('
,"(%#!'!'%*% !&
*% (%!'*!'%!'&' ,!"'"
!'""% !,!*!''%&#"!
#%!" &'&#"',"()"&!0')
('!&',&""(%!','!
+#''#!''""!'""% !,
%)! %" "!' "(!
)%"*%*"#('&&"(!)!'
%(&'"%'1%&'%"&'%-*'%&
(&'!"('"#'%""'&%" %,!"('
!'!*!'!'&*% !'#%!
")&&"(!)"('&

While Indoors, Dormancy May Occur

'%**&!""%&"(!) ,
"!'""% !,!')&*"2
!""%&*'%)%,''(&'#'
&"&', #

When Spring Returns

'%'!'&*% !'#%! ")


,"(%"(!)"('&!&'%'*'%!
!%'-!!**&!*%"*'
&"(##%!&""!"" &"(&'%'
!

A Greenhouse is Nice
,"()%!"(&'!,"(%"(!)
*%*%,"(*'"" *!'%"(
*"(!0')'"#%(!&")(&' ")
'#!'%" "('&!'"'%!"(&
,"(%!'%&'!",%!"(&
"('' ", %!"(&
&&"'"!

Bougainvillea Surprise, Photo by Anthony Davis

 "%'&#&(%#%&&('
)%&" !,"'"'%"(!)&
!(')''",%&('!*'*
.(/&#"%'&' ''&2%!''!'
"'%&' &"' "'%#!'"%#%"(
'&"(!)&+(#%"#'"!&%
$(%%""'!(''! "*+#!"*
'""'&

Propagating Bougainvillea is Fun


" !,"'"(!)&!(')'
'",%&('!*'*.(/&#"%'
&' ''&2%!''!'"'%&' &"
' "'%#!'"%#%"('&"(!
)&+(#%"#'"!&%$(%%""'
!(''! "*+#!"*'""'&

Ways for Propagating Bougainvillea


"(!) ,#%"#',&('
'!,!"%'&&(('(%'&"
"!,
)''"(!),%&%&'%
!"!,'&#& ,#%"#',
& &'%&%!'&!*(#
'!&%$(%
*"!,&(&&#%"#'!,(''!%
"( ,%""'"(!),'%.%
*""/.&"'*""/"%.(/(''!&,"(
*"('"'%,%""'!!'&#%!"%%,
&(
%"%&"!&!'' #&% ! 
%&"%*% %'&&''"(&&"'*""



+**$).%+-$**%(%%*+($""$
-$*(-$$**#&)(%%"(*$
%,(-%%+**$)-""&(%".-%(!
)*

Bougainvillea Stem Cutting

+**$1)*+!2$.%((".+$)%+"
(%%*.*$% ++)*(-%%+*
*$)-""+)+"".*! %(
#%$*)
()%%*%*(.%(%#(%%*$
%+$,"")

!%+$,"")*#$+*$*%)
*%$)))-*-""/)%*-%%+**$0
*",)(#$%$*+**$ /(
-%%+**$0)%$-(*)*#)(
-*%+*",)

()-*+*)*%$"%%!)"!

%$*$(3""-*(%%*$)%"-**-%
+**$))*+!3(#".$*%*)%"

&")*"%$$)(,)&(%&*%$
$,(%$#$*#&".&")%##%)*&(%&
*%$#+#$*%**%#%*$)(*
*+**$)$***%&%*"%)

Special Tips

Rooting Environment

%(%+$,""**&+**$%)$2*-%(!
,(.-"")%*",)$**&()+ *
*%,(%+))))$(%*%*$%+()-$
+)$*)*.&+**$ *%$"".%$
(%%*%$".)*#-""(%-$&$$-""
('+(*%$**#%()*#(!)%+
#.+)**&)+*"-.))(**&)
*(%-*#-.

%##("(%-()+)+"".+)*(#)*%(
%*%(%%**(%+$,""%(%#(%%*
$ %(
0&%*3""-*)$.&*%,(
-*)%#*$"!&")*)$-$
&"$))%+"-%(!&*)%"
#%)*+($*(%%*$&(%%+(% *)
*%#$*$,(.&($*%+#*.
(%+$*+**$+$*"(%%*))*(!%*-%%



&)""""

Subterminal stem cutting

#&#)"* (')(&!" )(("'


 +-'+#&'(#&!'(-$)(("'
'(&#"&"+ +&#2''$&# !'
'#"+'(!'+ )') -&#+&#!
)" ''$""'&%)&(##("
" -&"#)"* +")'"
('(-$)(("
-#)#"1(*"#)'(!!(& (#&##(
-#)!-)' ))((" )(-#)'#) 
*((&&##("$&"(')'"(')
(&!" )(("

Bougainvillea Seafoam

-$""!")(("#2$&(#(
$ "('(!'(#)"* +)'(
(&!'/'#(0$""/&0$" #+
+ (&-(#,$ "('!(#'#$&)""

Pruning Bougainvillea
" ''-#)'(#$*" ('(+ #"(")
(#&#+#)(+&#)!)'($""#&&(#
$&#!#(!#&)'-$ "(

Soft Pinch
'#($"'&!#*"(/'#(0#&("&
($#"+&#+(&#!&"

Leaf-bud cutting

'#($"')'!#'(#("#"-#)"("
&'(!'(#$&#!#(''##(&""
#'(#)"* ) (*&'+ '"#)(#& 
"+'(!'(&$".&#!( )'
)'( #+()(

Hard Pinch
&$"'&!#*"!#'(#&"
&#!($ "(
&$"'("+"-#)+"((##"
(&# (&#+(#'(!'+*#(("

',+'!&+'%"&+"&+!*!(0',*")
')&0+"%0',.&++''+"&,*!0')%
')!& "& *#+*$.0*,+#!)+
$*+'&0)"+'*&5+!)%+!($&++'
,+#!)+)!$''%0$+!"*$
.0*!$(+!($&+,*!',+.'&),$$0

When to Pinch
Bougainvilleas may be pruned at any
time of the year. $''%"&"+"+"'&'*&'+
(&,('&(),&"& ', "&-"$$!*
$''%0$'$$'.0)*+()"'.!+!)
(),&')&'+
',& ($&+**!',$("&!'+&+'()'
,,*!0$) ($&+'*+', "&-"$$
,$+"-)*+&+' )'.."+!',+()',"& *"
*!''+*
$.0**'+("&!',++!+"('&03$"&)4
0($&++!+%('++"& ,(+!&') 
.#*$+)*'+("&!',++!+"(*'$$*+%*
'&+!($&++!($&+!*&5+6$$',++)
&'+!)') .#*("&!"+ "&'%
,$+"-)*."$$)&!++)+!&'+!)* '
&'+)"+'("&!', "&-"$$2+!
%')0','+!++)+!($&+."$$)&!

1 .&++'

)'.3+&)4', "&-"$
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Before

After

When to Hard Prune


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Bougainvillea in a Hanging Basket

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Bougainvilleas Love to be Grown in a


Hanging Basket
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Soft Prune

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Standards

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Bougainvillea Hybrid Groups (Inter-species)

4 (.
4
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Bougainvillea X buttiana

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Variegated Bougainvillea
This information provided by Omvery Chong
tiger1@tm.net.my om Seremban N. Sembilan, Wes
Malaysia: I am indebted to Omvery for his help i
several areas of this web site and his wiingness to
share his knowledge with us.
+" -.%-"/+,' '+%%2- (
+"3"'-( +(.),

4 The first group of variegated cultivars will have their veins, thorns,
leaf stalks and stems green in color
+)+,'--"/.%-"/+0(.%5,)
++26!", +(.)(/+" -.%-"
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4 The other group will have gold or
yellow color veins, thorns, leaf stalks
and leaf stems.!2.,.%%2-$%(' +
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the green-leafstalk variegated cultivars

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New Bougainvillea from Seed


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New Bougainvillea from Mutations


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Bougainvillea Writing Lists


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')*,++

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*+$')& )+* ''')& $''%)

'*&#

.)+*')& "*! '$%+,)"& +'("&# &$***


.),*'*$'.'%(+ )'.+!



White Shades
Name

Description

!

)((!'*!)+'%)!$$"'(%$#(,!!)$
%'*##

%%!!$(($"

),)%# ((*))#*!)+' /+','


)((!$,)$!$$"

$*!)

'!*()'($,)')(($")"(,)%# 

#!$%

)(".!!'.!"'/(
##)"#)%)
!$$"'#'($"#+'$#"#)!$#)$#(')(($,($"
%# 

$!#*""'

)').!!$,$!$!%)!$$"'

")

)')($'$*('$,'&*'()$!$$",!!

$"

)')(%'$,'*)#*(#$#)#'(

*""'#$,

*',)#-!!#)$',#()*)$#(



Purple Shades
Name

Description

)*!#!%*!*

-%)',)'#)+* &$'+%.##)% )&.+ 


!+

)
-!))/

)#-%))+* !%&)&%+!%)*

#!0+ %,*

'',)'#)+* %*,5)#')&#$*!##&.+&)$!%
!%.+ ,$!*!+,+!&%*

&)$&*

! +',)'# !*!*#),#+!-)'+#&&$))+*


+%+&+&)&.%%)$!%&%+ '#%+#)+** &,#
)$&-&)*+* &.

& %++!%

-%) !*!*#),#+!-)'+#&&$)(,!)*
'),%!%+&* '

)* -

,- &$'+')&#!3#&&$).!+ #&%#*+!%)+*


'+#&&$)

%!3

,)'# !*!*#),#+!-)'+#&&$)%+!%$)!
"%&.*14&)-)%&2

)!&!$.

! +',)'#)+* !*!**'+!#!*,#+!-)&)$##/&%#/


**&%##&&$

&/#,)'#

)"',)'#)+* &&)'#$%+&) #!0+ %,*!%


,$!)*

%)!%

,)'#)+*$##)")%#-* &&)'+#&&$)



,$".  */"$)0$'' !,*('3-$


# !*''*1$)"$(+, --$0 '$-.*!0,$". */"$)0$'' 1-,  $0 !,*((3!,$ )(0, 3
#*)"$)'3-$)(0 ,3"'.*+/..# (*).#$-+" 0 ,.$/((0, 3 #*)"(3 
*).. ..$" , .() .(3

B.spectabilis cultivars
Name
/ ),", .

Description
/.$!/'0,$ ". !*,(*!5*- .'$)6,$ ".$*)-
$)$9 , ).-$4 -)-# --+'-# , ()", )*)
.# ' 0 -*1 0 ,.#$-/'.$0,$-,.# ,-#38*1 ,$)"$)
'3-$

B.glabra cultivars
Name

Description

.$$-

," ,$"#.+/,+' ,.-1$.#", ))1#$. 0,$ "


.$*)
/-+*,.*!5'$4 .#
)"/-6

.$$-

)*.# ,/-+*,.*!5'$4 .#


)"/-61$.#", ))
3 ''*1' 0 -.$-(/#+, ..$ ,.#).# ", ))1#$. 
5.$$-6

'3-$)#

)*.# ,/-+*,.*!5'$4 .#


)"/-61$.#"*')
", )-+'-# ' 0 -
. ,,$7/'.$0, /- $."$0 -
*).,-.$)"*'*,-$).# ", )

/,+'  (

-(''0,$ ". 0,$ .31$.#-('',$"#.+/,+' ,.-


#*/"#.#$-$- "',/'.$0,$.$-,.# ,-#38*1 ,$)"

)" ,03

0,$ ". /'.$0,1$.# /.$!/', ()", )' 0 -


,.-, +$)&)1$''*)'3'**(/,$)" 2., ( ,3- 
-*).#-0 ,30$"*,*/-",*1.##$./.)*.0 ,3+*+/
',$)'3-$ /- .#$-/'.$0,#,'3'**(

 )%&'

0,$ ".  "',/'.$0,1$.#+/,+' ,.-# 8*1


,$)"+ ,$*- (-.* - -*)'

,/(

)*.# ,/-+*,.*!5'$4 .#


)"/-6/.1$.#3 ''*1
' 0 --+'-# 1$.#", )(,&$)"- 0 -),.-, 
$-.*,. #*,)-(''/.0 ,3'*- 

,*.*)"

 0 -"*'/.-+'-# 1$.#", )*.- ,.-#)"$)


,**+$)"+)$' -+' -.'0 ) ,+$)&, .",*1.#*)
$.$*)-
/-+*,.*!5$)"+*,  /.36



Name

Description

 )'%)%$

*(&%')%.'%)%$/, )(&"("+($&*'
, )')(

$ 1$) ''-

*(&%')%' ) $&%' *)-, )'$$


-""%,+' )"+(

(" 0(
%)

*(&%')%. $&%' )/, )'$$-""%,


+' ) %$$&*', )')(

%"$-

*(&%')%.$ 1$) ''-/*), )""%"%"%'


"+(

'( +' )

" )#*+')(, ), )$'$"+('-'


2%,' $

'( +' ) )

*(&%')%+' ).'( +/*), ), )')(

'( +' )*'&"

*(&%')%+' ).'( +/*), )&*'&"


')(

+0('#

' )%'#%.'( +0(/ ')(' %"%', )


" )#*+$, )'-'2%,' $"(%

+0('# " )

+' )*(&%')%. +0('#/*)"+('


*&&*&$#*(#""')$. +0('#/
 %"%'')('%'!'#*+(, ), )
%"%'$'#*(#""')$)%'  $"*") +'

+0(%$'

#')' () ((.'( +/*)')('&*'&" $


%"%'+(''$$-""%, $+' ) %$""+(
'(%#) #(""'$

'( +

#)*'(" !.'( +' )/*), )'$$


-""%,+' ) %$

'( +' ) )

#)*'((.'( +' ) )/*), )


'$$-""%,+' ) %$

'( +0('# " ) $%)'*(&%')%.'( +0('# " )/


"+(''$*))( (-""%,
)$*+/*+ *))'2-

+(''- ( $%"%'$ ()%') ')('#*+


$"(% ()%') $$ $#$$''-'2%,' $
*(&%')%.'( +/

)$ ) ) *))'2-

&*', ) ()%')')+' )-, ) ()%')'- (


"+(



Name

Description

,'-*)%-*)%
-,,*71

.+*"+,(*,/",!&'1/*"'$%+
*,+*)-*)%
"'(%(*,+!(-%-+)(*,(3 %"2,! ' -+4

' -+-)*&

*'%.+ /",! (%


*,+*)-*)%'+(&
!(/+,"$"' ,( ,!* -+)(*,(3 %"2,! ' -+4

/, *&

-+)(*,(3'*"'4.+*%% (%"'(%(*
*,+*)%%.'* ,!(*'%++.*",1

'(/!",

'(,!*-+)(*,(3*+ .!",4/",!*&%.+
+)%+!/",! *'&*$"'  *7(/*"' .*",1

"'"!",

.+*+&%%'.*" ,
*,+*%(' *-,+&%%
'*/!","'(%(* +!17(/*"' .*",1

.5+*,

-,"-%.*" ,-%,".*/",!/!",*,+,!,%'
/",!)"'$+!

B. x buttiana cultivars
Name

Description

,"$%%(/

*" ,%.+%%(/*,+

-,&5+

.+* (%+)%+!/",! *',!"$,0,-*'


-))-)
*,+*6*1**1-,"-%
-+)(*,
(3*+
-,,4

-,&
,"$

 *''/!",.*" ,.*",1(3*+
-,,4

-#''+"'$"'$ ',+1

)"'$.*",1(3-#''+4
-+)(*,(30+
/'4

-#''+"'$

"'$*,+-,%.+*(*,/",! (%(,+,!,
,!*"',!',*%(%.+



Spectoperuviana hybrids
Name

Description

"#''#%2

+-,+#)&)+(&/,"/&+!,*&,") !)&
#(-"(-+) "
+-,+*#(%(0"#-
.,*)+-
) 3+2&'+4

%+#,4+'

.,*)+-) 3+2&'+40#-"#)&)++-,"(
+-,+*#(%#-,")0,,)'0"#-*#!'(--#)((
/#/+,

!#%+#,!#+'

.,*)+-) 3%+#,40#-"&/,",!)&,*&,"#((
-+&
+-,+) ,) -+*#(%(0"#-

Inter- specific hybrids


Name

Description

#($.+-&#+#".($.(!
-#%

+#!-*&(-0#-",'&&&-"+2&/,(-+(),
/+2,")+-(&/,+)0")+(,,")+-,-.2(
&.(-&+!+)(,-+)(!(,
+-,,'&&((,&2
*%'!(-+#()&)+

%.+ &'#(!)#(%

)+-!+)0+0#-"+%!+(&/,+-,'#.'
0#-"0"#-'#10#-","#(!) *#(%)(.**+"& ) 
+-

%.+
-#%

.,*)+-) 3%.+40#-"!+((0"#-&/,

'#%#-+'&)(

/+#!-
+.(#/+#-2
+-,+,) -*#(%"(!#(!
-)/+#).,!+) *" /+2.-# .&.-++/+#
-2

2#+

+(&/,,)'0"-.**.*0"(&/,,-#&&
2).(!
+-,+0"#-.-)+-0#-"+)-, )-,
+*#(%-,-+-.-,0-"+!-,')+(')+-)+
+#*#(%)-,-.+(-)+

2#+
-#%

.,*)+-) 32#+40#-"!+((0"#-&/,.-
+-,+,)'0"-,'&&+-"(-"!+(&/,/+#-2

-#%

.,*)+-) 3+,
.--40#-"++-,/,+
!+((0"#-

-#%+(!

.,*)+-) 3+(!#(!40#-"/+#!-&/,

-#%#(%

*#(%/+#-20#-"/+#!-&/,



Name

Description

 $
*).

+'.(%)'%(.& $!, )+' )"+('.&')).


(,)')(%))''%(.')(, "")*'$)%&'
'

*$' )

' )"+(,$.%*$$'$"+(,$

')($ )(%"%''%#%'$)%*().& $!

 " 
) !

'.'')(, )+' )"+(

' )) $'""

' )"+(, )#$.%*"'')( $( $"


"%%#

""%,%$'

""%,')+' )., )+' )"+()*'


"+()*'$'$ + $)&"$)')"%%! $4)

$ $
*). (($ 

+'.*) *"+' )., )"+("%%!( $$ $( 


$,-
')(''$*(*"". )'%,(+'.)""
, )%*)#*'$ $%"&"$)"%%!(" !$') 2
 "&"() &"$)

%$ (

+' )."%%!(" !0$ $


*).1*) (,'*") 
+'+('+'.' (&(  )($'%""*&
"%$)(

%$ (""%,

*(&%')%0%$ (1*), ).""%,')(+(


'$%)))' (&%#&')%)'+' ).

 $ '"$%$
  $($)'$

+(''$$')('%'$
')(*'" $
,'%'# $(#""#'"(&
*) *"*( )
"%%!(" !#$.(#"""$)'$($ $*&

%)*(

'%"%'0 $ '"1*)"+(''. ( $%"


%'$(%#) #(+' )$*&&*&

*)' (*'

+('+' )$ ()%')$), () $'


'$#$)
')('(#"" ()%')$), () $'
'$#$) *") +'))%($%)"%%!" !%* $+ "
"

'$*)' (*'

*(&%')%0*)' (*' 1, )%'$')(

(*' 3-

*(&%')%0*)' (*'

(*' 3- $!

*(&%')%0*)' (*' 1*), )& $!')(

!$
" (. (
*)'  #(

$# ()!$". $'%$ /().""%,*(&%')


%0*)' (*' 1
')('.""%, ()%')(#""$
), ()



Name

Description

',$+'$&"+"#

)" +($&+."+!/$$'.& )&$-*


)+*)
)

',$+'$&")& )" +

)& )+*."+!-)" +$-*

'& '& 3*


,+/

)" +,*(')+'1 ,&"+ ++&2-*) '$


."+! )&&+)$(+!
)+*))*+%*&-"&*
) '$'$')

(+%)

-*$''#$"#1 '& '& 3*


,+/2,++!-)" 
+"'&"*$**()'%"&&+
)+*)"'$'))&("&#

/"&#

-*)-)/()++/ '$*($*!."+! )&


)+*
)" &)("&#"&'$')

,&)$

-*&)+*)"*+')+-*) )&,+
*+)"((."+! '$$"&*
)+*)')& "&'$')

,&)$

+)"(($-*,$+"-)."+!))+*

" )

-)/))-)"+/-*&)+*)%",%"&*"0
-*) '$%)#."+!"5)&+*!' )&
*($*!&)+*))

+).))/

-)/,+",$-)"+/
,*(')+'1,&)$2
."+!%,$+"'$')$-*.$-*)/$$'. /
)&(" %&+
)+*))&-)/.$$'&+)*+."+!
+!%,$+"'$')$-*

+).))/ $" !+

,+",$,*(')+'1+).))/2-*)"*
+')+*''*+!))+*

$,''&

)#) +*+'%)''&-)"+/-*)-)" +

."&#

("&#'$')-)"+/."+!+!*%$-**'-

)& 
+"#

&')& -)"+/."+!$**()'%"&&+-)" +$-*

$$'.
+"#

/$$'.-)"+/."+!$**()'%"&&+-)" +$-*


+"#

)-)"+/."+!$**()'%"&&+-)" +$-*

+&
,++)4/

,*(')+'1
+"#2."+!$-*&)+*"*
+')+
)+*))"&'$')*"%&/*%$$,++)
4"*)*+"& '-+!$-*

+&$$'.$$'.
,++)4/

/$$'.,++)4/



Name

Description

*%(%(%
+**(
5.

%&(%+**(5.

*% %" %"


+**(5.

' %"+**(5.

*% %&-

+)'&(*&1"+(2- * )*&(*(*))&- %- *


&#&(* ''- *' %",)#)& )*&(*

*%
+**(5.

,( *.- #&&"),(.$+# "1*% %&-3

+!%%)2 %*).

+)'&(*&1+% ***%2- *((*) %)*


&#&**#,)

+!%%)0(%

(%(*),( *.- #,))$- *1+!%


%) %"2

 &%)

,( *,( *.- *#,) )*&(*%(*)#)&


 )*&(*
(*)((,(.4%

 #  # *

(%+* )*&(*#,)
(*)(&(% %&#&(
 )*&(*%*- )* %((%$%*

.&)

(*)(- *+*&$'%..$%.$+,&*)
,)(("(%

+(3)
+**(5.

(*)%#,)) /)$)1*% %&-2


(*)
((



$)$!!'.
$*#+!!(!$$"('#$))'*0$,'(*)
')'')'!'%%'.')())#'
!("!!,))**!'#$#(%*$*(0$,'(
"*! )%$#())$"$)"$()
%$%*!'$*#+!!('


)(' %# '"#)0$,'('$'#


#%'$*($#)($"%)(%'#)
" #)!$'##( )(

Barbara Karst
 '''()(+$'$*(($,.+#
,)')')$!*('"($#'))
'$,((),)+#(*%)$)$)!$#

California Gold
$!#.!!$, !$'#$!(+$'
$*('$,'))%'$*(+#()$)
!$#)(')(+'.#$!$',)+'$*(
(($)'*.!!$,($!'$#/.$!#
%# ($!#$$!,)')()$#(#)#
(.#(%!$)($%# %%'

Barbara Karst

)()"$()'&*#)!.($!+').$$*
#+!!*)$)() *!!'$,)((
'(()##"$')'$,)),!!!$$"
!"$()$#)#*!!.),#)$'#*#
California Gold, Credit: Peter A. Hogg

Juanita Hatten
*#)))#(!*($!(*)!.
+'),)!)#' '#!+(
(%))'%#),)$!

Texas Dawn
-( ,#$#)#(*!*()'($("!!
%# 0$,'()(+$'$*(%!#),)!$#
'#'#())$!(%'.($!)
'$(%# ')('$,#)$)!$#)
#*(((*""'##*!#%)$$#
)#'(##( )#! (*!!(*#

Juanita Hatten

Surprise
-Surprise-$$" )&!!$
0!)$%%*!!$

!%&""$!"$& !$&%" &&&


 -."$!'% ' "$&
! &! !!&$&"  "'$
)&$&%%!&%" !$%($
)% & )&!$&!$( 
!$%&! % *'%&$%!!&"  
)&!! %'& !'%*&*!'$
$ %&$*&!/ )$&)%$&,&.%
!&'%+" &%)&%!$ !


Royal Purple
!*'$"%'%*" &)&$$&%
!$ "$!'%* $"$ ! &
%$#' &*'%   %&% ! 
& $%

Texas Dawn, Photo: Peter A. Hogg

Double Pink
!' %!'0!)$'%*($
&*( "'$" $&%" &0!)$%
%!''&!1% &%0!)$%$ !&
% &*"%! 
Royal Purple

Vicki
%$$ !($&$ 
!)&"  )&$&%!
$&%$"'$)&%!$"'$"  
!&$%$)&)&" &"%

Double Pink, Photo: Lake Area Nursery

Vicki

"!!"" !!' 
 ##"&"!"!"!!! 
" " # #
Jamaica White, Photo: Kelley MacDonald, 2006

Sundown
#%(! "  "!!
# " "# ""
"! " %" "%"#!' 
 

"!""" %!"!
 %!"""""'"!
%'# "!$! %"""
"

Sundown

"!! "
    !")% !' 
 ##"!"$' " 
" # #'

Jamaica White
"!$  ! #'$
"" #!$ "  '"
%" "!$"  "
!'#! "'$ #!