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EGYPTIAN CODE LATERAL FORCES

Simplified Modal Response Spectrum Method

(Code item 8-7-3-2-2 Equations 8-16) The design base shear is defined in the Egyptian Code by the following equation:

where

F b
F
b

 

I

W

S

  • d (

T

1

)

g

(1)

Fb is the design base shear W is the weight of the building I is the importance factor

is the correction factor for short period structures T1 is the fundamental period of the structure

S

d (

T

1

)

g

is the acceleration response spectrum specified by the Egyptian Code

Building Weight W

The weight of the building, W, is defined in code item 8-7-1-7 as D.L. for residential buildings. D.L.+0.5 L.L. for common buildings, malls, schools D.L.+ L.L. for silos, tanks, stores, libraries, garages

Importance Factor γ I

The importance factor, I , is defined in code item 8-7-6 by the following table

Type of building

Factor “γ I

I. Emergency facilities: hospitals, fire stations, power plants, etc.

1.40

II. High occupancy buildings:

1.20

schools, assembly halls, etc.

III. Ordinary buildings.

1.00

IV. Buildings of minor importance for public safety.

0.80

Correction factor λ

The correction factor for short period structures, , is defined in code item 8-7-3-2-2 by the following Table

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 1 Shear wall -Frame example

Case Factor “λ” I. T 1 < 2T C and number of stories are stories. II.
Case
Factor “λ”
I.
T 1
<
2T C and
number of
stories are
stories.
II. T 1 > 2T C
more
than
2
0.85
1.00
Fundamental Period T 1
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 , is defined in the Egyptian Code by the
following equation:
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
sec.
C t = 0.085 for space steel Frames
= 0.075 for space R.C. Frames
= 0.05 for other structures
and H is the total building height in meters
Acceleration Response Spectrum
S
d (
T
)
1
The acceleration response spectrum,
and defined by the following equations:
g
, is specified by the Egyptian Code
S
(
T
)
a
T
 2.5
 
0
T
T
:
d
1
g
S
1.0
1
1.0
1
B
g
g
T
R
B
 
S
(
T
)
a
S
T
T
T
:
d
1
 2.5
g
B
1
C
g
g
R
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T 
a
T
T
T
:
d
1
 2.5
g
c
0.2
g
C
1
D
g
g
R
T
g
1
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T T 
a
T
T
4 sec
:
d
1
 2.5
g
c
D
 
0.2
g
D
1
g
g
R
2
T
g
1
The
values
of
TB,
TC,
TD,
and
S
are
obtained
from either
spectrum
Type 1 or Spectrum Type 2
Spectrum Type 1, used all over Egypt except in the Mediterranean areas
Type 1 response spectrum
Subsoil
S
T B
T C
T D
Class
A
1.0 0.05
0.25
1.2
B
1.35 0.05
0.25
1.2
C
1.5
0.10
0.25
1.2
D
1.8
0.10
0.30
1.2
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
2
Shear wall -Frame example

Spectrum Type 2, used in the Mediterranean areas only.

Type 2 response spectrum

 

Subsoil

S

T B

T C

T D

Class

A

1.0

0.15

  • 0.40 2.0

 

B

1.20

0.15

  • 0.50 2.0

 

C

1.15

0.20

  • 0.60 2.0

 

D

1.35

0.20

  • 0.80 2.0

 

Identification of ground types

The following Table describes ground types A, B, C, and D

Ground

Description of stratigraphic profile

Type

A

Rock or other rock-like soil, including at most 3m of weaker material at the surface.

B

Deposits of very dense sand, gravel, or very stiff clay, at least 15 meters in thickness.

C

Deep deposits of dense or medium dense sand, gravel, or stiff clay with thickness extending at least 15 meters in thickness.

D

Deposits of loose-to-medium cohesionless soil, or of predominantly soft-to-firm cohesive soil extending for 15 meters in thickness.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 3 Shear wall -Frame example

R Factor

Structural system

R

1.Bearing walls; i) Shear walls-R.C.

4.5

ii) Shear walls- reinforced masonry

3.5

iii) Shear walls- unreinforced masonry

2.0

2.Ordinary frames

 
  • i) Shear walls-R.C.

5.0

ii) Shear walls- reinforced masonry

4.5

3.Moment resisting frames; R.C or Steel.

 
  • i) With adequate ductility.

7.0

  • i) With limited ductility.

5.0

4.Dual systems, moment frames &walls

 
  • i) With adequate ductility.

6.0

  • i) With limited ductility.

5.0

5. Other Structures.

 
  • i) Water Tanks (framed)

2.0

ii) Network Towers

3.0

iii) Minaret, chimneys, silos.

3.5

Damping factor

Structural Type

 

Steel

with

welded

1.20

connections

Steel

with

bolted

1.05

connections

Reinforced Concrete

1.00

Presetressed Concrete

1.05

Shear wall buildings

0.95

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 4 Shear wall -Frame example

Seismic Zones in Egypt Earthquake zone Coefficient a g /g Zone 1 0.1 Zone 2 0.125
Seismic Zones in Egypt
Earthquake zone
Coefficient a g /g
Zone 1
0.1
Zone 2
0.125
Zone 3
0.15
Zone 4
0.20
Zone 5
0.25
Distribution of Earthquake Lateral Loads
F
F
The storey shear value,
j
b
, at level j is related to the total base shear value
and
the story weight w j and story drift u i according to the following equation:
w
u
j
j
F
 F
j
b
w u
i
i
F
For story drift u i proportional with story height z i the storey shear value,
level j is calculated according to the following equation:
j
, at
w
z
j
j
F
 F
j
b
w z
i
i
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
5
Shear wall -Frame example

Example

For the 12-storey frame-shearwall office building shown below is located in Cairo. The soil type is composed of deposits of loose-to-medium cohesionless soil. The columns and shearwalls have constant cross section throughout the height of the building. The beams and slabs also have the same dimensions at all floor levels.

Other pertinent design data are as follows:

Service Loads

Live load:

3 kN/m 2

Additional superimposed dead load (flooring): 2.0 kN/m 2

Beam and Column Sections

Slab thickness is 0.2 m

Shear wall thickness is 0.35 m

External columns are 0.65m x 0.65m Internal columns are 0.75m x 0.75m

All beams are 0.5m x 0.6m

Material Properties

Concrete: fcu = 30

N/ mm 2

Steel: fy

= 400 N/ mm

2

Wall Density = 18 KN/m 3 Consider the building’s structural system as a duel system with frames having limited ductility in the transverse direction and as moment resisting frames of limited ductility in the longitudinal direction.

D 1 3 8 5 7 2 4 6 Y C B A 3 x 7m
D
1
3
8
5
7
2
4
6
Y
C
B
A
3 x 7m = 21m
56m
7 x 8m
X
=

Calculate the following:

Building Plan

  • i) Seismic base shear according to the Egyptian Code.

ii) Storey shear in both transverse and longitudinal directions. iii) Design the beam along axis 4 in the sixth floor. iv) Design the exterior column A 3 and the interior column B 3 in the fourth floor.

  • v) Design the beam column connections for the above columns.

vi) Design shearwall at the foundation level

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 6 Shear wall -Frame example

Solution:

12

11

10

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

7 x 8 m = 56 m

7 x 8 m = 56 m

11 x 3.6 m = 39.6 m

4.4

11 x 3.6 m = 39.6 m 4.4
11 x 3.6 m = 39.6 m 4.4

Longitudinal Section

  • i) Seismic base shear according to the Egyptian Code:

Step (1): Building Weight

On the basis of the given data and the dimensions described above weights of ground, typical, and roof floor (in KN) were estimated as follows:

 

Ground

Typical

Roof

Live Load (KN)

LL on Slab

3,528

3,528

3,528

Dead Load (KN)

Slab

     

(O.W.+Flooring)

8,232

8,232

8,232

Beams

1,742

1,742

1,742

Columns

1,520

1,368

684

Shear Wall

445

400

200

Partitions

2,552

2,252

1,126

Total DL (KN)

14,490

13,993

11,983

DL + 0.5 LL (KN)

16,254

15,757

13,747

The total weight of the building, W, is 16,254+ 10 x15, 757 +13,747 =187,571 kN Note: 1) Building weight (W) is taken as DL+0.5LL (office building) code item 8-7-1-7 2) Columns, shear walls, and partitions loads are calculated from the center line of the floor height below to the center line of the floor height above.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 7 Shear wall -Frame example

Step (2): Seismic Base Shear Calculations From the soil description it is classified as Type D.
Step (2): Seismic Base Shear Calculations
From the soil description it is classified as Type D.
Since the building is located
in Cairo, the values of the various constants TB, TC, TD, and S are calculated
from Spectrum Type 1 as shown in the following table.
Subsoil
S
T B
T C
T D
Class
D
1.8 0.10
0.30
1.2
The base shear on the building according to the Egyptian Code of Practice is equal
to
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
b
I
g
Base Shear Calculation in the Transverse Direction
The weight of the building, W = 187,571kN
The importance factor,  I = 1.2 (Office Building)
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 is equal to
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
Note that this building is frame-shearwall in the transverse direction (C t = 0.05)
T 1 = 0.05 x (44) 3/4
= 0.854 sec
The correction factor  is 1.0 since T 1 > 2 T C
 0.15
Since Cairo is located in zone 3,
a g g
According to the building description the damping coefficient  is equal to 1.0
and the R factor is 5.0 in both transverse and longitudinal directions.
S
d (
T
)
1
Since T C < T 1 < T D the acceleration response spectrum
the following equation:
g
is calculated from
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T 
0.2
a
d
1
 2.5
g
c
g
g
g
R
T
g
1
S
(
T
)
d
1
1.8
1.0  0.30 
 2.5(0.15)
 0.2(0.15)
g
5
  0.854  
S
(
T
)
S
(
T
)
d
1
0.04741
0.03
d
1
 0.04741
g
g
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
8
Shear wall -Frame example
Substituting back in the base shear equation S ( T ) F    W
Substituting back in the base shear equation
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
F
b
trans1.21.0187,5710.04741 10,672
I
g
b
kN
Base Shear Calculation in the Longitudinal Direction
The weight of the building, W = 187,571kN
The importance factor,  I = 1.2
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 is equal to
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
Note that this building is RC frame in the longitudinal direction (C t = 0.075).
T 1 = 0.075 x (44) 3/4
= 1.28 sec
The correction factor  is 1.0 since T 1 > 2 T C
 0.15
Since Cairo is located in zone 3,
a g g
According to the building description the damping coefficient  is equal to 1.0
and the R factor is 5.0 in both transverse and longitudinal directions.
S
d (
T
)
1
Since T D < T 1 the acceleration response spectrum
following equation:
g
is calculated from the
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T T
a
d
1
 2.5
g
c
D
0.2
g
 
g
g
R
T
2
g
1
S
(
T
)
1.8
1.0  0.30
1.2
d
1
 2.5(0.15)
 0.2(0.15)
g
5
1.28
2
S
(
T
)
S
(
T
)
d
1
0.0297
0.03
d
1
 0.03
g
g
Substituting back in the base shear equation
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
F 1.21.0187,5710.03  6,753
b
I
g
b
kN
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
9
Shear wall -Frame example

ii) Storey shear in both transverse and longitudinal directions.

The storey shear value,

F j
F
j

, at level j is related to the total base shear value

F b
F
b

and

the story weight w j and storey height z j according to the following equation:

F j
F
j

F

b

w

j

z

j

w z

i

i

Design seismic forces in transverse (short) direction

Floor

Height

   

Lateral

Story

Level

(hx)

Story Weight(Wx)

Wx*hx

Force(Fx)

Shear(∑Fx)

m

KN

KN*m

KN

KN

12(roof)

44

13,747

604,887

1438

1438

40.4

  • 11 15,757

636,597

1513

2951

36.8

  • 10 15,757

579,870

1378

4329

33.2

  • 9 15,757

523,144

1244

5573

29.6

  • 8 15,757

466,418

1109

6682

26

  • 7 15,757

409,691

974

7656

22.4

  • 6 15,757

352,965

839

8495

18.8

  • 5 15,757

296,238

704

9199

15.2

  • 4 15,757

239,512

569

9768

11.6

  • 3 15,757

182,785

434

10202

8

  • 2 15,757

126,059

300

10502

4.4

  • 1 16,254

71,518

170

10672

 

∑=

187,571

4,489,683

10,672

Design seismic forces in longitudinal (long) direction

 

Floor

Height

   

Lateral

Story

Level

(hx)

Story Weight(Wx)

Wx*hx

Force(Fx)

Shear(∑Fx)

m

KN

KN*m

KN

KN

12(roof)

44

13,747

604,887

910

910

40.4

  • 11 15,757

636,597

957

1,867

36.8

  • 10 15,757

579,870

872

2,739

33.2

  • 9 15,757

523,144

787

3,526

29.6

  • 8 15,757

466,418

702

4,228

26

  • 7 15,757

409,691

616

4,844

22.4

  • 6 15,757

352,965

531

5,375

18.8

  • 5 15,757

296,238

446

5,820

15.2

  • 4 15,757

239,512

360

6,181

11.6

  • 3 15,757

182,785

275

6,456

8

  • 2 15,757

126,059

190

6,645

4.4

  • 1 16,254

71,518

108

6,753

 

=

187,575

4,489,683

6,753

The following figures show the output of program BaseShear.

The story forces

calculated by the program are almost identical to the results presented in the above tables.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 10 Shear wall -Frame example

0.15

ag/g:

5

R Factor:

1

:

Egyptian Code Design Spectrum

3

Damping Coefficient

Soil Subclass Type:

1

Response Spectrum Type:

Response Spectrum Data

Location:

Project Name:

 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil
 0.15 ag/g: 5 R Factor: 1 : Egyptian Code Design Spectrum 3 Damping Coefficient Soil

0.25

Sa /g

Period (T)

4

3.5

D

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

0.3

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0

Response Spectrum Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008)

(Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the response spectrum curve for the above building location

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 11 Shear wall -Frame example

15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 1513.184 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
15757
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
1513.184
15757
15757
16254
3.6
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
1108.669
1378.346
704.1548
170.0003
299.6404
434.4785
569.3167
838.993
973.8311
3.6
1243.507
3.6
4.4
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6

Lateral Loads Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008)

(Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Sa/g:

C t for

13747
13747

Base Shear Computations

Period Computaions:

Number of Stories:

Total Weight:

Floor Weight

15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 1513.184 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 1513.184 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
44 12 Daming Coefficient: 1.2 187571 Total Height: Building Period: 0.05 0.8542 0.04741 Base Shear :
44
12
Daming Coefficient:
1.2
187571
Total Height:
Building Period:
0.05
0.8542
0.04741
Base Shear :
10,672
Floor Height (m)
Floor Shear
1437.796

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the lateral loads in the transverse direction for the above building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 12 Shear wall -Frame example

15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 957.4529 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
15757
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
957.4529
15757
15757
16254
3.6
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
701.5001
872.1353
445.5474
107.5661
189.5946
274.9122
360.2298
530.865
616.1826
3.6
786.8177
3.6
4.4
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6

Lateral Loads Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008)

(Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Sa/g:

C t for

13747
13747

Base Shear Computations

Period Computaions:

Number of Stories:

Total Weight:

Floor Weight

15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 957.4529 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
15757 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 957.4529 15757 15757 16254 3.6 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757 15757
44 12 Daming Coefficient: 1.2 187571 Total Height: Building Period: 0.075 1.2813 0.03000 Base Shear :
44
12
Daming Coefficient:
1.2
187571
Total Height:
Building Period:
0.075
1.2813
0.03000
Base Shear :
6,753
Floor Height (m)
Floor Shear
909.7522

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the lateral loads in the longitudinal direction for the above building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 13 Shear wall -Frame example

A three dimensional model of the building was created using SAP2000. The beams, columns, and shear wall boundary elements were modeled by frame

elements and the slab and shear wall were modeled by shell element.

The lateral

loads calculated in the previous section were applied as distributed loads at each

floor in both the transverse and longitudinal directions.

A three dimensional model of the building was created using SAP2000. The beams, columns, and shear

Three dimensional representation of the building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 14 Shear wall -Frame example

iii) Design the beam along axis 4 in the sixth floor

The bending moment for the beam was calculated for the following load cases

1)

1.4 DL + 1.6 LL

2)

1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S

3)

1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S

4)

0.9 DL + S

5)

0.9 DL S

A

  • 6th
    Floor

Axis 4

   

Beam AB

 

Beam BC

 

Load Case

A

Mid

B

B

Mid

C

 

Span

Span

1.4

DL + 1.6 LL

-351

 
  • 150 -183

-258

130

-258

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S

-460

 
  • 142 -437

109

 

132

90

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S

0

 
  • 120 -359

91

120

-437

  • 0.9 -389

DL + S

   
  • 125 -385

145

 

120

143

  • 0.9 DL S

71

 
  • 100 -323

142

120

-385

From the above table it is shown that each section in the beam should be designed to withstand the following positive and negative moments:

   

Beam AB

 

Beam BC

 

Moment Type

A

Mid Span

B

B

Mid

C

 

Span

 

Negative

-460

---

-359

-437

---

-437

 

Positive

71

150

145

142

132

143

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 15 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw 16 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 16 Shear wall -Frame example

iv) Design the exterior column A 3 and the interior column B 3 in the fourth floor

A

7 D 7 C x 7 B x 4th Floor Axis 3 3rd Floor Axis 3
7
D
7
C
x
7
B
x
4th
Floor
Axis 3
3rd
Floor
Axis 3

Design Loads for Exterior Column A3

SE C (x-x) Local Axis
SE C (x-x)
Local Axis
     

Moment kN.m

 

Load Case

Axial

 

Top

Bottom

Load

My

Mz

My

Mz

(kN)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

DL + 1.6 LL

1.4

-5728.447

 
  • 221.0517 -15.0685

16.5191

-220.8357

 
  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y

-4291.876

 
  • 200.8478 -209.4897

-627.097

 

554.0159

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X +. 3 S Y

-4110.134

 
  • 157.7823 -570.371

645.0652

-164.4847

 
  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X . 3 S Y

-3845.386

 
  • 132.1003 -125.2837

-622.628

 

549.906

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X .3 S Y

-3142.737

8.8295

654.7479

17.9618

-579.2757

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y

-4749.172

 
  • 265.9802 -291.9784

-187.0541

 

165.2753

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X + S Y

-4694.649

 
  • 253.0605 -172.0407

194.5946

-278.4769

 
  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X S Y

-3845.386

 
  • 132.1003 -125.2837

-622.628

 

549.906

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X S Y

-3206.347

23.9024

209.4912

2.21

-185.7403

  • 0.9 -3198.89

DL + S X + .3 S Y

   
  • 155.9451 -164.6579

-630.3292

 

556.9645

  • 0.9 -3017.148

DL S X +. 3 S Y

   
  • 112.8796 -567.4223

641.833

-119.6529

 
  • 0.9 -2752.4

DL + S X . 3 S Y

   
  • 87.1977 -80.4518

-625.8602

 

552.8547

  • 0.9 -2570.657

DL S X .3 S Y

   
  • 44.1322 -571.5322

646.302

-35.4468

 
  • 0.9 -3656.186

DL + .3 S X + S Y

   
  • 221.0775 -247.1466

-190.2862

 

168.224

  • 0.9 -3601.663

DL .3 S X + S Y

   
  • 208.1579 -169.0921

191.3624

-233.6451

 
  • 0.9 -2167.884

DL + .3 S X S Y

 

-8.0806

-175.3896

33.5404

154.5244

  • 0.9 -2113.361

DL .3 S X S Y

 

-21.0002

206.259

47.0419

-182.7916

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 17 Shear wall -Frame example

Design of the top fiber for Exterior Column A 3

     

Load Case

Axial(kN)

My(kN.m)

Mz(kN.m)

ty(cm)

tz(cm)

m

DL + 1.6 LL

1.4

-5728.447

221.0517

16.5191

65

65

0.013535

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y

-4291.876

200.8478

-627.097

65

65

0.01908

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X +. 3 S Y

-4110.134

157.7823

645.0652

65

65

0.017587

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X . 3 S Y

-3845.386

132.1003

-622.628

65

65

0.014835

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X .3 S Y

-3142.737

8.8295

654.7479

65

65

0.009623

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y

-4749.172

265.9802

-187.0541

65

65

0.010522

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X + S Y

-4694.649

253.0605

194.5946

65

65

0.009873

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X S Y

-3845.386

132.1003

-622.628

65

65

0.014835

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X S Y

-3206.347

23.9024

209.4912

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -3198.89

DL + S X + .3 S Y

 

155.9451

-630.3292

65

65

0.012532

  • 0.9 -3017.148

DL S X +. 3 S Y

 

112.8796

641.833

65

65

0.011096

  • 0.9 DL + S X . 3 S Y

-2752.4

87.1977

-625.8602

65

65

0.00895

  • 0.9 -2570.657

DL S X .3 S Y

 

44.1322

646.302

65

65

0.008271

  • 0.9 -3656.186

DL + .3 S X + S Y

 

221.0775

-190.2862

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -3601.663

DL .3 S X + S Y

 

208.1579

191.3624

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -2167.884

DL + .3 S X S Y

 

-8.0806

-175.3896

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -2113.361

DL .3 S X S Y

 

-21.0002

206.259

65

65

0.006

 

Design of the bottom fiber for Exterior Column A 3

     

Load Case

Axial(kN)

My(kN.m)

Mz(kN.m)

ty(cm)

tz(cm)

m

  • 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL

-5728.447

-220.8357

-15.0685

65

65

0.013502

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y

-4291.876

-209.4897

554.0159

65

65

0.017053

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X +. 3 S Y

-4110.134

-164.4847

-570.371

65

65

0.015461

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X . 3 S Y

-3845.386

-125.2837

549.906

65

65

0.012393

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X .3 S Y

-3142.737

17.9618

-579.2757

65

65

0.007267

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y

-4749.172

-291.9784

165.2753

65

65

0.010832

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X + S Y

-4694.649

-278.4769

-172.0407

65

65

0.010148

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X S Y

-3845.386

-125.2837

549.906

65

65

0.012393

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X S Y

-3206.347

2.21

-185.7403

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -3198.89

DL + S X + .3 S Y

 

-164.6579

556.9645

65

65

0.010492

  • 0.9 -3017.148

DL S X +. 3 S Y

 

-119.6529

-567.4223

65

65

0.008941

  • 0.9 DL + S X . 3 S Y

-2752.4

-80.4518

552.8547

65

65

0.006718

  • 0.9 -2570.657

DL S X .3 S Y

 

-35.4468

-571.5322

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -3656.186

DL + .3 S X + S Y

 

-247.1466

168.224

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -3601.663

DL .3 S X + S Y

 

-233.6451

-169.0921

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -2167.884

DL + .3 S X S Y

 

33.5404

154.5244

65

65

0.006

  • 0.9 -2113.361

DL .3 S X S Y

 

47.0419

-182.7916

65

65

0.006

Hence m

=0.01908

m.b.t =0.01908x650x650=8061mm 2

As=

Use 20Φ25 (Asc=9817 mm 2 )

(Note that the bold case is the most critical case)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 18 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw 19 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 19 Shear wall -Frame example

Design Loads for Interior Column B 3

     

Moment kN.m

 

Load Case

Axial

 

Top

Bottom

Load

My

Mz

My

Mz

(kN)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

(kN.m)

DL + 1.6 LL

1.4

-9094.576

9.5047

96.4193

-6.2987

-89.3567

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y

-6378.243

 
  • 115.548 -780.3507

-128.9465

645.4878

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X +. 3 S Y

-6235.882

 
  • 29.6687 -39.125

885.4035

 

-742.0216

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X . 3 S Y

-6198.075

-19.1351

-754.5385

32.6839

620.754

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL S X .3 S Y

-5845.518

-262.1448

941.3298

311.0744

-795.6114

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y

-6538.613

242.6206

-227.4509

-286.0778

188.7155

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X + S Y

-6495.905

216.8568

272.2753

-259.1314

-227.5373

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X S Y

-6198.075

-19.1351

-754.5385

32.6839

620.754

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 S X S Y

-5895.344

-232.087

358.3159

279.6368

-309.9831

  • 0.9 -4611.713

DL + S X + .3 S Y

 

113.3097

-799.2318

-127.3772

662.9877

  • 0.9 -4469.352

DL S X +. 3 S Y

 

27.4303

866.5223

-37.5557

-724.5216

  • 0.9 -4431.545

DL + S X . 3 S Y

 

-21.3734

-773.4197

34.2532

638.254

  • 0.9 -4289.184

DL S X .3 S Y

 

-107.2528

892.3345

124.0748

-749.2554

  • 0.9 -4772.083

DL + .3 S X + S Y

 

240.3822

-246.3321

-284.5086

206.2155

  • 0.9 -4729.375

DL .3 S X + S Y

 

214.6184

253.3942

-257.5621

-210.0373

  • 0.9 -4171.523

DL + .3 S X S Y

 

-208.5615

-160.2915

254.2596

123.7697

  • 0.9 -4128.814

DL .3 S X S Y

 

-234.3253

339.4347

281.2061

-292.4831

 

96.4193

Design of the top fiber for Interior Column B 3

     

Load Case

Axial(kN)

My(kN.m)

Mz(kN.m)

ty(cm)

tz(cm)

m

  • 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL

-9094.576

9.5047

 
  • 75 75

 

0.022785

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx + .3 Sy

-6378.243

115.548

-780.3507

  • 75 75

 

0.015877

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL Sx +. 3 Sy

-6235.882

29.6687

885.4035

  • 75 75

 

0.016006

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx . 3 Sy

-6198.075

-19.1351

-754.5385

  • 75 75

 

0.013002

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL Sx .3 Sy

-5845.518

-262.1448

941.3298

  • 75 75

 

0.018588

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx + Sy

-6538.613

242.6206

-227.4509

  • 75 75

 

0.007637

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 Sx + Sy

-6495.905

216.8568

272.2753

  • 75 75

 

0.008036

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx Sy

-6198.075

-19.1351

-754.5385

  • 75 75

 

0.013002

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 Sx Sy

-5895.344

-232.087

358.3159

  • 75 75

 

0.006423

  • 0.9 -4611.713

DL + Sx + .3 Sy

 

113.3097

-799.2318

  • 75 75

 

0.008263

  • 0.9 -4469.352

DL Sx +. 3 Sy

 

27.4303

866.5223

  • 75 75

 

0.00784

  • 0.9 -4431.545

DL + Sx . 3 Sy

 

-21.3734

-773.4197

  • 75 75

 

0.006

  • 0.9 -4289.184

DL Sx .3 Sy

 

-107.2528

892.3345

  • 75 75

 

0.009059

  • 0.9 -4772.083

DL + .3 Sx + Sy

 

240.3822

-246.3321

  • 75 75

 

0.006

  • 0.9 -4729.375

DL .3 Sx + Sy

 

214.6184

253.3942

  • 75 75

 

0.006

  • 0.9 -4171.523

DL + .3 Sx Sy

 

-208.5615

-160.2915

  • 75 75

 

0.006

  • 0.9 -4128.814

DL .3 Sx Sy

 

-234.3253

339.4347

  • 75 75

 

0.006

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 20 Shear wall -Frame example

Design of the bottom fiber for Interior Column B 3

     

Load Case

Axial(kN)

My(kN.m)

Mz(kN.m)

ty(cm)

tz(cm)

m

DL + 1.6 LL

1.4

-9094.576

-6.2987

-89.3567

75

75

0.022785

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx + .3 Sy

-6378.243

-128.9465

645.4878

75

75

0.013235

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL Sx +. 3 Sy

-6235.882

-39.125

-742.0216

75

75

0.01326

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx . 3 Sy

-6198.075

32.6839

620.754

75

75

0.010378

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL Sx .3 Sy

-5845.518

311.0744

-795.6114

75

75

0.016376

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx + Sy

-6538.613

-286.0778

188.7155

75

75

0.007945

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 Sx + Sy

-6495.905

-259.1314

-227.5373

75

75

0.007929

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx Sy

-6198.075

32.6839

620.754

75

75

0.010378

  • 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL .3 Sx Sy

-5895.344

279.6368

-309.9831

75

75

0.00625

  • 0.9 -4611.713

DL + Sx + .3 Sy

 

-127.3772

662.9877

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4469.352

DL Sx +. 3 Sy

 

-37.5557

-724.5216

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4431.545

DL + Sx . 3 Sy

 

34.2532

638.254

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4289.184

DL Sx .3 Sy

 

124.0748

-749.2554

75

75

0.00625

  • 0.9 -4772.083

DL + .3 Sx + Sy

 

-284.5086

206.2155

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4729.375

DL .3 Sx + Sy

 

-257.5621

-210.0373

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4171.523

DL + .3 Sx Sy

 

254.2596

123.7697

75

75

0.006

  • 0.9 -4128.814

DL .3 Sx Sy

 

281.2061

-292.4831

75

75

0.006

Hence m =0.022785

As=

m.b.t =0.022785x750x750=12816mm 2

Use 28Φ25 (Asc=13720 mm 2 )

(Note that the bold case is the most critical case)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 21 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw 22 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 22 Shear wall -Frame example

v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection

v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
s
s
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection
v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection

Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm 2 fcu = 30 N/mm 2

Beam Data

Top reinforcement Astop = 8φ22 = 3040 mm 2 Depth t = 600 mm Width b = 500mm Cover = 50 mm

Column Data Height = 3.6 m Depth t = 650 mm Width b = 650 mm Cover = 25 mm Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 5728 kN. Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 5091 kN.

(4 th floor) (5 th floor)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 23 Shear wall -Frame example

Step 1 Check of strong column and weak beam The strong column weak beam requirement is
Step 1 Check of strong column and weak beam
The strong column weak beam requirement is guaranteed by the satisfaction of the
following equation:
∑M c ≥ ∑1.2M g …………………… (Code 6-61)
where:
∑M g is the summation of the maximum moment capacities that can be resisted by
the beams on the right and the left of the column
∑M c is the ultimate moment capacity that can be resisted by the column
corresponding to the maximum ultimate axial force applied on the column
The top beam reinforcement calculated in section (iii) of this example is 8Φ22
M
 490
kN m
.
g
(As=3041mm 2 ). Using the design aid curves one finds that
The external column reinforcement is 20Φ25 (As = 9817mm 2 )
Pu col. above the beam of the 4 th floor = 5091 kN
 0.9 & f
 0.9 & f
 400 N/mm
 400 N/mm
Mc
 741 kN.m
Using the Interaction Diagrams with
2
y
top
one finds that
Pu col. below the beam of the 4 th floor = 5728 kN
Mc
 576 kN.m
Using the Interaction Diagrams with
2
bottom
y
one finds that
Hence ∑M c =Mc top +Mc bottom =741+576=1317 kN.m
M
1317
c
2.69
1.2
.......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... ........
Ok
 
M
490
g
Step 2 Calculate the Beam Ultimate Capacity with 1.25 fy
1.25 f
3040
1.25
400
A
y
 1321.7
Tension in top steel T top =
stop
kN
1000
1.15
s
f
30
0.67
cu
ab
 0.67
 
a
500 /1000
6.7
a
Compression in bottom fibers C 1 =
kN
1.5
c
1321 .7
a 
 197.3
Since T = C Therefore
6.7
mm
a
197.3
y
 t 
cover
600
50
451.35
Lever arm
ct
2
2
mm
451.35
T
y
 1321 .7
 596.6
The beam ultimate moment capacity M pr =
Step 3 Check the horizontal shear
ct
1000
kN.m
An estimate of the horizontal shear from the column, Qu col can be obtained by assuming
that the beams in the adjoining floors are also deformed so that plastic hinges form at
their junctions with the column.
By farther assuming that the end moment in the beams
are resisted equally by the columns above and below the joint, one obtains for the
horizontal shear at the column ends ״ the column shear ״.
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
24
Shear wall -Frame example
M (beam) pr = = 596.6 =165.7 Qu col storey height 3.6 This shear force must
M
(beam)
pr
=
=
596.6 =165.7
Qu col
storey height
3.6
This shear force must be resisted by concrete of column
Qu
165.7 10
x
3
q
col .
 0.392 N/mm
2
u
b
.
d
.
650 650
x
col
.
col
f
q
 0.24
cu
cu
c
……………………………………………………
...
(Code
4-18)
c
 Pu 
 5728 10
x
3
c
1
0.07
  
1
0.07 
  1.949
=
……………………….(Code 4-19)
 Ac 
650 650
x
f
30
q 
0.24
cu
0.24 1.949
x
2.09
N
/
mm
2
q
cu
c
1.5
u
…………… Ok.
c
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
25
Shear wall -Frame example

Step 4 check of ultimate shear force Q ju

The net shear at section x-x of the joint is Q ju = T 1 - Qu col =1321.7-165.7=1156 kN ……………………… The ultimate shear force Q ju must satisfy this equation

6-56-b)

(Code

Q ju ≤ K j .A j

f  c cu
f
c
cu

…………………………………………………

(Code

6-65-a)

X1

Step 4 check of ultimate shear force Q The net shear at section x-x of the
C2 X2 b X
C2
X2
b
X

connection depth = C2

effective connection width

= the smallest of

effective area (Aj)

1- ( b+C2)

2- (b+2x)

Where A j is the effective cross sectional area through the beam column connection zone

It is the minimum of = t col. (b beam +2X) = 422500 mm 2

X=75mm …(Code Figure 6-31)

= t col. (b beam +t col ) = 747500 mm 2 …………………. Ok. Hence A j = 422500 mm

2

K j is a factor depends on type of connection (exterior , Interior or other )

Hence K j = 1.2

………………………………………………………( Code Table 6-15)

K j .A j

 f cu c
f
cu
c

= 1.2x 422500

30 1.5
30
1.5

x10 -3 = 2267.37 kN > Q ju ……………….Ok

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

  • 26 Shear wall -Frame example

Step 5 Design of Column stirrups inside the connection  s y . ( f /
Step 5 Design of Column stirrups inside the connection
 s y
.
(
f
/ )   
A 
0.313 
1
cu
c
g
  1 
A st is the maximum of Ast1 =
………
...
(Code
6-57-a)
(
f
/
)
A
yst
s
   
k
 
 s y
.
(
f
/
) 
0.1 
1
cu
c
Ast2 =
………………………(Code 6-57-b)
(
f
/
)
yst
s
2
Where A g is the gross area of section = t col. x b col. = 650x650 = 422500 mm
2
A k is the sectional area inside the exterior stirrups perimeter = 360000 mm
y 1 is distance between stirrups axes perpendicular to the assumed direction
y 1 = 600 mm
s is the spacing between stirrups it is assume it =100 mm
100
x
600(30 /1.5)    422500 
0.313 
 
  1
2
Hence Ast1=
=187 mm
(400 /1.15)
 
 360000
100
x
600(30 /1.5) 
0.1 
2
Ast2=
=345 mm
…………………………… Ok
..
(400 /1.15)
2
A st =345 mm
Assume number of branches= 4
 345 
2
A st of one branch =
4
=86.3 mm
useΦ12@100 mm
Note that: the column stirrups must continue through the beam column connection zone
and extend to 1/6 the clear height from beam face in both top & bottom ends
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
27
Shear wall -Frame example

b- Design of interior beam column connection

b- Design of interior beam column connection s s Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm fcu
b- Design of interior beam column connection s s Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm fcu
b- Design of interior beam column connection s s Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm fcu
b- Design of interior beam column connection s s Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm fcu
s s
s
s
b- Design of interior beam column connection s s Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm fcu

Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm 2 fcu = 30 N/mm 2

Beam Data

Top reinforcement As top = 8φ22 = 3040 mm

2

Bottom reinforcement As bottom =5φ16=1005 mm

2

Depth t = 600 mm

Width b = 500mm

Cover = 50 mm

Column Data

Height = 3.6 m

Depth t = 750 mm

Width b = 750 mm

Cover = 25 mm

Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 9095 kN.

(4 th floor)

Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 8083 kN.

(5 th floor