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### Simplified Modal Response Spectrum Method

(Code item 8-7-3-2-2 Equations 8-16) The design base shear is defined in the Egyptian Code by the following equation:

where

F
b

# g

(1)

Fb is the design base shear W is the weight of the building I is the importance factor

is the correction factor for short period structures T1 is the fundamental period of the structure

# g

is the acceleration response spectrum specified by the Egyptian Code

### Building Weight W

The weight of the building, W, is defined in code item 8-7-1-7 as D.L. for residential buildings. D.L.+0.5 L.L. for common buildings, malls, schools D.L.+ L.L. for silos, tanks, stores, libraries, garages

### Importance Factor γ I

The importance factor, I , is defined in code item 8-7-6 by the following table

 Type of building Factor “γ I ” I. Emergency facilities: hospitals, fire stations, power plants, etc. 1.40 II. High occupancy buildings: 1.20 schools, assembly halls, etc. III. Ordinary buildings. 1.00 IV. Buildings of minor importance for public safety. 0.80

### Correction factor λ

The correction factor for short period structures, , is defined in code item 8-7-3-2-2 by the following Table

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 1 Shear wall -Frame example

Case
Factor “λ”
I.
T 1
<
2T C and
number of
stories are
stories.
II. T 1 > 2T C
more
than
2
0.85
1.00
Fundamental Period T 1
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 , is defined in the Egyptian Code by the
following equation:
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
sec.
C t = 0.085 for space steel Frames
= 0.075 for space R.C. Frames
= 0.05 for other structures
and H is the total building height in meters
Acceleration Response Spectrum
S
d (
T
)
1
The acceleration response spectrum,
and defined by the following equations:
g
, is specified by the Egyptian Code
S
(
T
)
a
T
 2.5
 
0
T
T
:
d
1
g
S
1.0
1
1.0
1
B
g
g
T
R
B
 
S
(
T
)
a
S
T
T
T
:
d
1
 2.5
g
B
1
C
g
g
R
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T 
a
T
T
T
:
d
1
 2.5
g
c
0.2
g
C
1
D
g
g
R
T
g
1
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T T 
a
T
T
4 sec
:
d
1
 2.5
g
c
D
 
0.2
g
D
1
g
g
R
2
T
g
1
The
values
of
TB,
TC,
TD,
and
S
are
obtained
from either
spectrum
Type 1 or Spectrum Type 2
Spectrum Type 1, used all over Egypt except in the Mediterranean areas
Type 1 response spectrum
Subsoil
S
T B
T C
T D
Class
A
1.0 0.05
0.25
1.2
B
1.35 0.05
0.25
1.2
C
1.5
0.10
0.25
1.2
D
1.8
0.10
0.30
1.2
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
2
Shear wall -Frame example

Spectrum Type 2, used in the Mediterranean areas only.

 Type 2 response spectrum Subsoil S T B T C T D Class A 1.0 0.15 0.40 2.0 B 1.20 0.15 0.50 2.0 C 1.15 0.20 0.60 2.0 D 1.35 0.20 0.80 2.0

### Identification of ground types

The following Table describes ground types A, B, C, and D

 Ground Description of stratigraphic profile Type A Rock or other rock-like soil, including at most 3m of weaker material at the surface. B Deposits of very dense sand, gravel, or very stiff clay, at least 15 meters in thickness. C Deep deposits of dense or medium dense sand, gravel, or stiff clay with thickness extending at least 15 meters in thickness. D Deposits of loose-to-medium cohesionless soil, or of predominantly soft-to-firm cohesive soil extending for 15 meters in thickness.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 3 Shear wall -Frame example

### R Factor

 Structural system R 1.Bearing walls; i) Shear walls-R.C. 4.5 ii) Shear walls- reinforced masonry 3.5 iii) Shear walls- unreinforced masonry 2.0 2.Ordinary frames i) Shear walls-R.C. 5.0 ii) Shear walls- reinforced masonry 4.5 3.Moment resisting frames; R.C or Steel. i) With adequate ductility. 7.0 i) With limited ductility. 5.0 4.Dual systems, moment frames &walls i) With adequate ductility. 6.0 i) With limited ductility. 5.0 5. Other Structures. i) Water Tanks (framed) 2.0 ii) Network Towers 3.0 iii) Minaret, chimneys, silos. 3.5

Structural Type

# 

Steel

with

welded

1.20

connections

Steel

with

bolted

1.05

connections

Reinforced Concrete

1.00

Presetressed Concrete

1.05

Shear wall buildings

0.95

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 4 Shear wall -Frame example

Seismic Zones in Egypt
Earthquake zone
Coefficient a g /g
Zone 1
0.1
Zone 2
0.125
Zone 3
0.15
Zone 4
0.20
Zone 5
0.25
F
F
The storey shear value,
j
b
, at level j is related to the total base shear value
and
the story weight w j and story drift u i according to the following equation:
w
u
j
j
F
 F
j
b
w u
i
i
F
For story drift u i proportional with story height z i the storey shear value,
level j is calculated according to the following equation:
j
, at
w
z
j
j
F
 F
j
b
w z
i
i
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
5
Shear wall -Frame example

### Example

For the 12-storey frame-shearwall office building shown below is located in Cairo. The soil type is composed of deposits of loose-to-medium cohesionless soil. The columns and shearwalls have constant cross section throughout the height of the building. The beams and slabs also have the same dimensions at all floor levels.

Other pertinent design data are as follows:

Beam and Column Sections

Slab thickness is 0.2 m

Shear wall thickness is 0.35 m

External columns are 0.65m x 0.65m Internal columns are 0.75m x 0.75m

All beams are 0.5m x 0.6m

Material Properties

Concrete: fcu = 30

N/ mm 2

Steel: fy

= 400 N/ mm

2

Wall Density = 18 KN/m 3 Consider the building’s structural system as a duel system with frames having limited ductility in the transverse direction and as moment resisting frames of limited ductility in the longitudinal direction.

D
1
3
8
5
7
2
4
6
Y
C
B
A
3 x 7m = 21m
56m
7 x 8m
X
=

Calculate the following:

Building Plan

• i) Seismic base shear according to the Egyptian Code.

ii) Storey shear in both transverse and longitudinal directions. iii) Design the beam along axis 4 in the sixth floor. iv) Design the exterior column A 3 and the interior column B 3 in the fourth floor.

• v) Design the beam column connections for the above columns.

vi) Design shearwall at the foundation level

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 6 Shear wall -Frame example

### Solution:

12

11

10

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

7 x 8 m = 56 m

11 x 3.6 m = 39.6 m

4.4

Longitudinal Section

### Step (1): Building Weight

On the basis of the given data and the dimensions described above weights of ground, typical, and roof floor (in KN) were estimated as follows:

 Ground Typical Roof Live Load (KN) LL on Slab 3,528 3,528 3,528 Dead Load (KN) Slab (O.W.+Flooring) 8,232 8,232 8,232 Beams 1,742 1,742 1,742 Columns 1,520 1,368 684 Shear Wall 445 400 200 Partitions 2,552 2,252 1,126 Total DL (KN) 14,490 13,993 11,983 DL + 0.5 LL (KN) 16,254 15,757 13,747

The total weight of the building, W, is 16,254+ 10 x15, 757 +13,747 =187,571 kN Note: 1) Building weight (W) is taken as DL+0.5LL (office building) code item 8-7-1-7 2) Columns, shear walls, and partitions loads are calculated from the center line of the floor height below to the center line of the floor height above.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 7 Shear wall -Frame example

Step (2): Seismic Base Shear Calculations
From the soil description it is classified as Type D.
Since the building is located
in Cairo, the values of the various constants TB, TC, TD, and S are calculated
from Spectrum Type 1 as shown in the following table.
Subsoil
S
T B
T C
T D
Class
D
1.8 0.10
0.30
1.2
The base shear on the building according to the Egyptian Code of Practice is equal
to
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
b
I
g
Base Shear Calculation in the Transverse Direction
The weight of the building, W = 187,571kN
The importance factor,  I = 1.2 (Office Building)
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 is equal to
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
Note that this building is frame-shearwall in the transverse direction (C t = 0.05)
T 1 = 0.05 x (44) 3/4
= 0.854 sec
The correction factor  is 1.0 since T 1 > 2 T C
 0.15
Since Cairo is located in zone 3,
a g g
According to the building description the damping coefficient  is equal to 1.0
and the R factor is 5.0 in both transverse and longitudinal directions.
S
d (
T
)
1
Since T C < T 1 < T D the acceleration response spectrum
the following equation:
g
is calculated from
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T 
0.2
a
d
1
 2.5
g
c
g
g
g
R
T
g
1
S
(
T
)
d
1
1.8
1.0  0.30 
 2.5(0.15)
 0.2(0.15)
g
5
  0.854  
S
(
T
)
S
(
T
)
d
1
0.04741
0.03
d
1
 0.04741
g
g
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
8
Shear wall -Frame example
Substituting back in the base shear equation
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
F
b
trans1.21.0187,5710.04741 10,672
I
g
b
kN
Base Shear Calculation in the Longitudinal Direction
The weight of the building, W = 187,571kN
The importance factor,  I = 1.2
The fundamental period of the structure, T1 is equal to
C t H 3/4
T 1 =
Note that this building is RC frame in the longitudinal direction (C t = 0.075).
T 1 = 0.075 x (44) 3/4
= 1.28 sec
The correction factor  is 1.0 since T 1 > 2 T C
 0.15
Since Cairo is located in zone 3,
a g g
According to the building description the damping coefficient  is equal to 1.0
and the R factor is 5.0 in both transverse and longitudinal directions.
S
d (
T
)
1
Since T D < T 1 the acceleration response spectrum
following equation:
g
is calculated from the
S
(
T
)
a
S
 T T
a
d
1
 2.5
g
c
D
0.2
g
 
g
g
R
T
2
g
1
S
(
T
)
1.8
1.0  0.30
1.2
d
1
 2.5(0.15)
 0.2(0.15)
g
5
1.28
2
S
(
T
)
S
(
T
)
d
1
0.0297
0.03
d
1
 0.03
g
g
Substituting back in the base shear equation
S
(
T
)
F
  
W
d
1
F 1.21.0187,5710.03  6,753
b
I
g
b
kN
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
9
Shear wall -Frame example

### ii) Storey shear in both transverse and longitudinal directions.

The storey shear value,

F
j

, at level j is related to the total base shear value

F
b

and

the story weight w j and storey height z j according to the following equation:

F
j

# 

## w z

### i

Design seismic forces in transverse (short) direction

 Floor Height Lateral Story Level (hx) Story Weight(Wx) Wx*hx Force(Fx) Shear(∑Fx) m KN KN*m KN KN 12(roof) 44 13,747 604,887 1438 1438 40.4 11 15,757 636,597 1513 2951 36.8 10 15,757 579,870 1378 4329 33.2 9 15,757 523,144 1244 5573 29.6 8 15,757 466,418 1109 6682 26 7 15,757 409,691 974 7656 22.4 6 15,757 352,965 839 8495 18.8 5 15,757 296,238 704 9199 15.2 4 15,757 239,512 569 9768 11.6 3 15,757 182,785 434 10202 8 2 15,757 126,059 300 10502 4.4 1 16,254 71,518 170 10672 ∑= 187,571 4,489,683 10,672 Design seismic forces in longitudinal (long) direction Floor Height Lateral Story Level (hx) Story Weight(Wx) Wx*hx Force(Fx) Shear(∑Fx) m KN KN*m KN KN 12(roof) 44 13,747 604,887 910 910 40.4 11 15,757 636,597 957 1,867 36.8 10 15,757 579,870 872 2,739 33.2 9 15,757 523,144 787 3,526 29.6 8 15,757 466,418 702 4,228 26 7 15,757 409,691 616 4,844 22.4 6 15,757 352,965 531 5,375 18.8 5 15,757 296,238 446 5,820 15.2 4 15,757 239,512 360 6,181 11.6 3 15,757 182,785 275 6,456 8 2 15,757 126,059 190 6,645 4.4 1 16,254 71,518 108 6,753 ∑= 187,575 4,489,683 6,753

The following figures show the output of program BaseShear.

The story forces

calculated by the program are almost identical to the results presented in the above tables.

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 10 Shear wall -Frame example

# 

0.15

ag/g:

5

R Factor:

1

:

Egyptian Code Design Spectrum

3

Damping Coefficient

Soil Subclass Type:

1

Response Spectrum Type:

Response Spectrum Data

Location:

Project Name:

0.25

Sa /g

Period (T)

4

3.5

D

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

0.3

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0

 Response Spectrum Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008) (Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the response spectrum curve for the above building location

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 11 Shear wall -Frame example

15757
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
1513.184
15757
15757
16254
3.6
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
1108.669
1378.346
704.1548
170.0003
299.6404
434.4785
569.3167
838.993
973.8311
3.6
1243.507
3.6
4.4
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6

Lateral Loads Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008)

(Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Sa/g:

C t for

13747

Base Shear Computations

Period Computaions:

Number of Stories:

Total Weight:

Floor Weight

44
12
Daming Coefficient:
1.2
187571
Total Height:
Building Period:
0.05
0.8542
0.04741
Base Shear :
10,672
Floor Height (m)
Floor Shear
1437.796

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the lateral loads in the transverse direction for the above building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 12 Shear wall -Frame example

15757
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6
957.4529
15757
15757
16254
3.6
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
15757
701.5001
872.1353
445.5474
107.5661
189.5946
274.9122
360.2298
530.865
616.1826
3.6
786.8177
3.6
4.4
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.6

Lateral Loads Based on the Eqyption Code of Practice (2008)

(Program "BaseShear" created by: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw - Cairo University - Egypt)

Sa/g:

C t for

13747

Base Shear Computations

Period Computaions:

Number of Stories:

Total Weight:

Floor Weight

44
12
Daming Coefficient:
1.2
187571
Total Height:
Building Period:
0.075
1.2813
0.03000
Base Shear :
6,753
Floor Height (m)
Floor Shear
909.7522

Output of Program "BaseShear" for the lateral loads in the longitudinal direction for the above building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 13 Shear wall -Frame example

A three dimensional model of the building was created using SAP2000. The beams, columns, and shear wall boundary elements were modeled by frame

elements and the slab and shear wall were modeled by shell element.

The lateral

loads calculated in the previous section were applied as distributed loads at each

floor in both the transverse and longitudinal directions.

Three dimensional representation of the building

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 14 Shear wall -Frame example

### iii) Design the beam along axis 4 in the sixth floor

The bending moment for the beam was calculated for the following load cases

 1) 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL 2) 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S 3) 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S 4) 0.9 DL + S 5) 0.9 DL – S

A

• 6th
Floor

Axis 4

 Beam AB Beam BC Load Case A Mid B B Mid C Span Span 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL -351 150 -183 -258 130 -258 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S -460 142 -437 109 132 90 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S 0 120 -359 91 120 -437 0.9 -389 DL + S 125 -385 145 120 143 0.9 DL – S 71 100 -323 142 120 -385 From the above table it is shown that each section in the beam should be designed to withstand the following positive and negative moments: Beam AB Beam BC Moment Type A Mid Span B B Mid C Span Negative -460 --- -359 -437 --- -437 Positive 71 150 145 142 132 143

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 15 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 16 Shear wall -Frame example

### iv) Design the exterior column A 3 and the interior column B 3 in the fourth floor

A

7
D
7
C
x
7
B
x
4th
Floor
Axis 3
3rd
Floor
Axis 3

Design Loads for Exterior Column A3

SE C (x-x)
Local Axis
 Moment kN.m Load Case Axial Top Bottom Load My Mz My Mz (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) DL + 1.6 LL 1.4 -5728.447 221.0517 -15.0685 16.5191 -220.8357 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y -4291.876 200.8478 -209.4897 -627.097 554.0159 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X +. 3 S Y -4110.134 157.7823 -570.371 645.0652 -164.4847 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X –. 3 S Y -3845.386 132.1003 -125.2837 -622.628 549.906 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X – .3 S Y -3142.737 8.8295 654.7479 17.9618 -579.2757 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y -4749.172 265.9802 -291.9784 -187.0541 165.2753 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X + S Y -4694.649 253.0605 -172.0407 194.5946 -278.4769 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X – S Y -3845.386 132.1003 -125.2837 -622.628 549.906 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X – S Y -3206.347 23.9024 209.4912 2.21 -185.7403 0.9 -3198.89 DL + S X + .3 S Y 155.9451 -164.6579 -630.3292 556.9645 0.9 -3017.148 DL – S X +. 3 S Y 112.8796 -567.4223 641.833 -119.6529 0.9 -2752.4 DL + S X –. 3 S Y 87.1977 -80.4518 -625.8602 552.8547 0.9 -2570.657 DL – S X – .3 S Y 44.1322 -571.5322 646.302 -35.4468 0.9 -3656.186 DL + .3 S X + S Y 221.0775 -247.1466 -190.2862 168.224 0.9 -3601.663 DL – .3 S X + S Y 208.1579 -169.0921 191.3624 -233.6451 0.9 -2167.884 DL + .3 S X – S Y -8.0806 -175.3896 33.5404 154.5244 0.9 -2113.361 DL – .3 S X – S Y -21.0002 206.259 47.0419 -182.7916

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 17 Shear wall -Frame example

 Design of the top fiber for Exterior Column A 3 Load Case Axial(kN) My(kN.m) Mz(kN.m) ty(cm) tz(cm) m DL + 1.6 LL 1.4 -5728.447 221.0517 16.5191 65 65 0.013535 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y -4291.876 200.8478 -627.097 65 65 0.01908 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X +. 3 S Y -4110.134 157.7823 645.0652 65 65 0.017587 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X –. 3 S Y -3845.386 132.1003 -622.628 65 65 0.014835 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X – .3 S Y -3142.737 8.8295 654.7479 65 65 0.009623 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y -4749.172 265.9802 -187.0541 65 65 0.010522 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X + S Y -4694.649 253.0605 194.5946 65 65 0.009873 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X – S Y -3845.386 132.1003 -622.628 65 65 0.014835 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X – S Y -3206.347 23.9024 209.4912 65 65 0.006 0.9 -3198.89 DL + S X + .3 S Y 155.9451 -630.3292 65 65 0.012532 0.9 -3017.148 DL – S X +. 3 S Y 112.8796 641.833 65 65 0.011096 0.9 DL + S X –. 3 S Y -2752.4 87.1977 -625.8602 65 65 0.00895 0.9 -2570.657 DL – S X – .3 S Y 44.1322 646.302 65 65 0.008271 0.9 -3656.186 DL + .3 S X + S Y 221.0775 -190.2862 65 65 0.006 0.9 -3601.663 DL – .3 S X + S Y 208.1579 191.3624 65 65 0.006 0.9 -2167.884 DL + .3 S X – S Y -8.0806 -175.3896 65 65 0.006 0.9 -2113.361 DL – .3 S X – S Y -21.0002 206.259 65 65 0.006 Design of the bottom fiber for Exterior Column A 3 Load Case Axial(kN) My(kN.m) Mz(kN.m) ty(cm) tz(cm) m 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL -5728.447 -220.8357 -15.0685 65 65 0.013502 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y -4291.876 -209.4897 554.0159 65 65 0.017053 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X +. 3 S Y -4110.134 -164.4847 -570.371 65 65 0.015461 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X –. 3 S Y -3845.386 -125.2837 549.906 65 65 0.012393 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X – .3 S Y -3142.737 17.9618 -579.2757 65 65 0.007267 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y -4749.172 -291.9784 165.2753 65 65 0.010832 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X + S Y -4694.649 -278.4769 -172.0407 65 65 0.010148 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X – S Y -3845.386 -125.2837 549.906 65 65 0.012393 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X – S Y -3206.347 2.21 -185.7403 65 65 0.006 0.9 -3198.89 DL + S X + .3 S Y -164.6579 556.9645 65 65 0.010492 0.9 -3017.148 DL – S X +. 3 S Y -119.6529 -567.4223 65 65 0.008941 0.9 DL + S X –. 3 S Y -2752.4 -80.4518 552.8547 65 65 0.006718 0.9 -2570.657 DL – S X – .3 S Y -35.4468 -571.5322 65 65 0.006 0.9 -3656.186 DL + .3 S X + S Y -247.1466 168.224 65 65 0.006 0.9 -3601.663 DL – .3 S X + S Y -233.6451 -169.0921 65 65 0.006 0.9 -2167.884 DL + .3 S X – S Y 33.5404 154.5244 65 65 0.006 0.9 -2113.361 DL – .3 S X – S Y 47.0419 -182.7916 65 65 0.006
 Hence m =0.01908 m.b.t =0.01908x650x650=8061mm 2 As=

Use 20Φ25 (Asc=9817 mm 2 )

(Note that the bold case is the most critical case)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 18 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 19 Shear wall -Frame example

Design Loads for Interior Column B 3

 Moment kN.m Load Case Axial Top Bottom Load My Mz My Mz (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) DL + 1.6 LL 1.4 -9094.576 9.5047 96.4193 -6.2987 -89.3567 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X + .3 S Y -6378.243 115.548 -780.3507 -128.9465 645.4878 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X +. 3 S Y -6235.882 29.6687 -39.125 885.4035 -742.0216 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + S X –. 3 S Y -6198.075 -19.1351 -754.5385 32.6839 620.754 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – S X – .3 S Y -5845.518 -262.1448 941.3298 311.0744 -795.6114 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X + S Y -6538.613 242.6206 -227.4509 -286.0778 188.7155 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X + S Y -6495.905 216.8568 272.2753 -259.1314 -227.5373 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 S X – S Y -6198.075 -19.1351 -754.5385 32.6839 620.754 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 S X – S Y -5895.344 -232.087 358.3159 279.6368 -309.9831 0.9 -4611.713 DL + S X + .3 S Y 113.3097 -799.2318 -127.3772 662.9877 0.9 -4469.352 DL – S X +. 3 S Y 27.4303 866.5223 -37.5557 -724.5216 0.9 -4431.545 DL + S X –. 3 S Y -21.3734 -773.4197 34.2532 638.254 0.9 -4289.184 DL – S X – .3 S Y -107.2528 892.3345 124.0748 -749.2554 0.9 -4772.083 DL + .3 S X + S Y 240.3822 -246.3321 -284.5086 206.2155 0.9 -4729.375 DL – .3 S X + S Y 214.6184 253.3942 -257.5621 -210.0373 0.9 -4171.523 DL + .3 S X – S Y -208.5615 -160.2915 254.2596 123.7697 0.9 -4128.814 DL – .3 S X – S Y -234.3253 339.4347 281.2061 -292.4831 96.4193
 Design of the top fiber for Interior Column B 3 Load Case Axial(kN) My(kN.m) Mz(kN.m) ty(cm) tz(cm) m 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL -9094.576 9.5047 75 75 0.022785 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx + .3 Sy -6378.243 115.548 -780.3507 75 75 0.015877 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – Sx +. 3 Sy -6235.882 29.6687 885.4035 75 75 0.016006 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx –. 3 Sy -6198.075 -19.1351 -754.5385 75 75 0.013002 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – Sx – .3 Sy -5845.518 -262.1448 941.3298 75 75 0.018588 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx + Sy -6538.613 242.6206 -227.4509 75 75 0.007637 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 Sx + Sy -6495.905 216.8568 272.2753 75 75 0.008036 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx – Sy -6198.075 -19.1351 -754.5385 75 75 0.013002 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 Sx – Sy -5895.344 -232.087 358.3159 75 75 0.006423 0.9 -4611.713 DL + Sx + .3 Sy 113.3097 -799.2318 75 75 0.008263 0.9 -4469.352 DL – Sx +. 3 Sy 27.4303 866.5223 75 75 0.00784 0.9 -4431.545 DL + Sx –. 3 Sy -21.3734 -773.4197 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4289.184 DL – Sx – .3 Sy -107.2528 892.3345 75 75 0.009059 0.9 -4772.083 DL + .3 Sx + Sy 240.3822 -246.3321 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4729.375 DL – .3 Sx + Sy 214.6184 253.3942 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4171.523 DL + .3 Sx – Sy -208.5615 -160.2915 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4128.814 DL – .3 Sx – Sy -234.3253 339.4347 75 75 0.006

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 20 Shear wall -Frame example

 Design of the bottom fiber for Interior Column B 3 Load Case Axial(kN) My(kN.m) Mz(kN.m) ty(cm) tz(cm) m DL + 1.6 LL 1.4 -9094.576 -6.2987 -89.3567 75 75 0.022785 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx + .3 Sy -6378.243 -128.9465 645.4878 75 75 0.013235 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – Sx +. 3 Sy -6235.882 -39.125 -742.0216 75 75 0.01326 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + Sx –. 3 Sy -6198.075 32.6839 620.754 75 75 0.010378 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – Sx – .3 Sy -5845.518 311.0744 -795.6114 75 75 0.016376 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx + Sy -6538.613 -286.0778 188.7155 75 75 0.007945 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 Sx + Sy -6495.905 -259.1314 -227.5373 75 75 0.007929 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL + .3 Sx – Sy -6198.075 32.6839 620.754 75 75 0.010378 1.12 DL + (0.5) LL – .3 Sx – Sy -5895.344 279.6368 -309.9831 75 75 0.00625 0.9 -4611.713 DL + Sx + .3 Sy -127.3772 662.9877 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4469.352 DL – Sx +. 3 Sy -37.5557 -724.5216 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4431.545 DL + Sx –. 3 Sy 34.2532 638.254 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4289.184 DL – Sx – .3 Sy 124.0748 -749.2554 75 75 0.00625 0.9 -4772.083 DL + .3 Sx + Sy -284.5086 206.2155 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4729.375 DL – .3 Sx + Sy -257.5621 -210.0373 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4171.523 DL + .3 Sx – Sy 254.2596 123.7697 75 75 0.006 0.9 -4128.814 DL – .3 Sx – Sy 281.2061 -292.4831 75 75 0.006

Hence m =0.022785

As=

m.b.t =0.022785x750x750=12816mm 2

Use 28Φ25 (Asc=13720 mm 2 )

(Note that the bold case is the most critical case)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 21 Shear wall -Frame example

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 22 Shear wall -Frame example

### v) Design beam column connections for the above columns a- Design of exterior beam column connection

s

Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm 2 fcu = 30 N/mm 2

Beam Data

Top reinforcement Astop = 8φ22 = 3040 mm 2 Depth t = 600 mm Width b = 500mm Cover = 50 mm

Column Data Height = 3.6 m Depth t = 650 mm Width b = 650 mm Cover = 25 mm Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 5728 kN. Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 5091 kN.

(4 th floor) (5 th floor)

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 23 Shear wall -Frame example

Step 1 Check of strong column and weak beam
The strong column weak beam requirement is guaranteed by the satisfaction of the
following equation:
∑M c ≥ ∑1.2M g …………………… (Code 6-61)
where:
∑M g is the summation of the maximum moment capacities that can be resisted by
the beams on the right and the left of the column
∑M c is the ultimate moment capacity that can be resisted by the column
corresponding to the maximum ultimate axial force applied on the column
The top beam reinforcement calculated in section (iii) of this example is 8Φ22
M
 490
kN m
.
g
(As=3041mm 2 ). Using the design aid curves one finds that
The external column reinforcement is 20Φ25 (As = 9817mm 2 )
Pu col. above the beam of the 4 th floor = 5091 kN
 0.9 & f
 0.9 & f
 400 N/mm
 400 N/mm
Mc
 741 kN.m
Using the Interaction Diagrams with
2
y
top
one finds that
Pu col. below the beam of the 4 th floor = 5728 kN
Mc
 576 kN.m
Using the Interaction Diagrams with
2
bottom
y
one finds that
Hence ∑M c =Mc top +Mc bottom =741+576=1317 kN.m
M
1317
c
2.69
1.2
.......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... .......... ........
Ok
 
M
490
g
Step 2 Calculate the Beam Ultimate Capacity with 1.25 fy
1.25 f
3040
1.25
400
A
y
 1321.7
Tension in top steel T top =
stop
kN
1000
1.15
s
f
30
0.67
cu
ab
 0.67
 
a
500 /1000
6.7
a
Compression in bottom fibers C 1 =
kN
1.5
c
1321 .7
a 
 197.3
Since T = C Therefore
6.7
mm
a
197.3
y
 t 
cover
600
50
451.35
Lever arm
ct
2
2
mm
451.35
T
y
 1321 .7
 596.6
The beam ultimate moment capacity M pr =
Step 3 Check the horizontal shear
ct
1000
kN.m
An estimate of the horizontal shear from the column, Qu col can be obtained by assuming
that the beams in the adjoining floors are also deformed so that plastic hinges form at
their junctions with the column.
By farther assuming that the end moment in the beams
are resisted equally by the columns above and below the joint, one obtains for the
horizontal shear at the column ends ״ the column shear ״.
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
24
Shear wall -Frame example
M
(beam)
pr
=
=
596.6 =165.7
Qu col
storey height
3.6
This shear force must be resisted by concrete of column
Qu
165.7 10
x
3
q
col .
 0.392 N/mm
2
u
b
.
d
.
650 650
x
col
.
col
f
q
 0.24
cu
cu
c
……………………………………………………
...
(Code
4-18)
c
 Pu 
 5728 10
x
3
c
1
0.07
  
1
0.07 
  1.949
=
……………………….(Code 4-19)
 Ac 
650 650
x
f
30
q 
0.24
cu
0.24 1.949
x
2.09
N
/
mm
2
q
cu
c
1.5
u
…………… Ok.
c
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
25
Shear wall -Frame example

Step 4 check of ultimate shear force Q ju

 The net shear at section x-x of the joint is Q ju = T 1 - Qu col =1321.7-165.7=1156 kN ……………………… The ultimate shear force Q ju must satisfy this equation 6-56-b) (Code Q ju ≤ K j .A j f  c cu ………………………………………………… (Code 6-65-a)

X1

C2
X2
b
X

connection depth = C2

effective connection width

= the smallest of

effective area (Aj)

1- ( b+C2)

2- (b+2x)

Where A j is the effective cross sectional area through the beam column connection zone

It is the minimum of = t col. (b beam +2X) = 422500 mm 2

X=75mm …(Code Figure 6-31)

= t col. (b beam +t col ) = 747500 mm 2 …………………. Ok. Hence A j = 422500 mm

2

K j is a factor depends on type of connection (exterior , Interior or other )

Hence K j = 1.2

………………………………………………………( Code Table 6-15)

K j .A j

f
cu
c

= 1.2x 422500

30
1.5

x10 -3 = 2267.37 kN > Q ju ……………….Ok

ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw

• 26 Shear wall -Frame example

Step 5 Design of Column stirrups inside the connection
 s y
.
(
f
/ )   
A 
0.313 
1
cu
c
g
  1 
A st is the maximum of Ast1 =
………
...
(Code
6-57-a)
(
f
/
)
A
yst
s
   
k
 
 s y
.
(
f
/
) 
0.1 
1
cu
c
Ast2 =
………………………(Code 6-57-b)
(
f
/
)
yst
s
2
Where A g is the gross area of section = t col. x b col. = 650x650 = 422500 mm
2
A k is the sectional area inside the exterior stirrups perimeter = 360000 mm
y 1 is distance between stirrups axes perpendicular to the assumed direction
y 1 = 600 mm
s is the spacing between stirrups it is assume it =100 mm
100
x
600(30 /1.5)    422500 
0.313 
 
  1
2
Hence Ast1=
=187 mm
(400 /1.15)
 
 360000
100
x
600(30 /1.5) 
0.1 
2
Ast2=
=345 mm
…………………………… Ok
..
(400 /1.15)
2
A st =345 mm
Assume number of branches= 4
 345 
2
A st of one branch =
4
=86.3 mm
useΦ12@100 mm
Note that: the column stirrups must continue through the beam column connection zone
and extend to 1/6 the clear height from beam face in both top & bottom ends
ECCS 203-2009-Design Aids
By: Prof. Abdel Hamid Zaghw
27
Shear wall -Frame example

### b- Design of interior beam column connection

s
s

Material Properties fy = 400 N/mm 2 fcu = 30 N/mm 2

Beam Data

Top reinforcement As top = 8φ22 = 3040 mm

2

Bottom reinforcement As bottom =5φ16=1005 mm

2

Depth t = 600 mm

Width b = 500mm

Cover = 50 mm

Column Data

Height = 3.6 m

Depth t = 750 mm

Width b = 750 mm

Cover = 25 mm

 Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 9095 kN. (4 th floor) Axial Load (1.4 DL + 1.6LL) = 8083 kN. (5 th floor