You are on page 1of 13

# Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd.

## CAPACITY CALCULATION OF EXISTING EQUIPMENTS SUITABLE FOR

13200 TCD (550 TCH)
Basis of Calculation: TCD (24 hr working)
TCD (22 hr working)
TCH (24Hr working)

= 13200
= 12100
= 550

= 105

## OLIVER RETURN % ON CANE

TOTAL RAW JUICE % ON CANE
CLEAR JUICE % ON CANE
CLEAR JUICE BRIX
SYRUP BRIX
FIBRE % CANE

= 15
= 120
= 105
= 14
= 62.0
= 250
= 14

A MASSECUITE % ON CANE = 24
(ONLY M & S GRADE SUGAR PRODUCTION)
B MASSECUITE % ON CANE = 11
C1 MASSECUITE % ON CANE = 3
C MASSECUITE % ON CANE = 6

10 Ton / Tip
Maximum Tip / Hr

= 2 Nos.
= 24
= 2 X 10 X 24

= 480.0 X 24
= 11520 / 1.1

= 10472 Tons

= 156.0 X 24

= 3744 / 1.1

= 3403 Tons

6.5 Ton / Tip
Maximum Tip / Hr

= 1 Nos.
= 24
= 1 X 6.5 X 24

## Suitable for cane crush / day

2. RAW JUICE PIPE LINE :Existing two Nos. parallel battery of 10" dia
Velocity of Juice
= 2 M / Sec
Flow rate
= 0.785 d2 V
= 364.6 M3 / Hr
One battery is suitable for crush / day
= 364.6 X 1.04 X 24 / 1.3
Two battery are suitable for cane crush /day = 7001 X 2

= 7001 Ton.
= 14002 Ton.
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

## 3. RAW JUICE PUMP :Juice velocity

Existing capacity - 4 Nos.
Two Nos. in operation

= 2 M / Sec
= 60 M
= 360 M3 / Hr
= 360 X 2

= 720 M3 / Hr

= 720 X 24 / 1.3

= 13292 Ton

## 4. JUICE HEATERS :P.C.

_________
K

T t0
Ln _________
Tt

H.S.

P
C
T
t0
t
K
K

= weight of juice in Kg . Hr
= Sp heat of juice (0.9)
= temp of heating vapour in OC
= Initial temp of juice in OC
= final temp of juice in OC
= coefficient of heat transfer in KCl / M2 / OC / hr
= 6T [ U / 1.8]0.8

C
T
t
U

## = 550 X 1.2 X 1000

= 0.9
= temp of heating vapour in OC
= Initial temp of juice in OC
= final temp of juice in OC
= Velocity of juice in M/ Sec

= 750 Kcl / M2 / OC / Hr

t0

H.S.

=
=

= 660000 Kg / Hr
= 56OC
= 30OC
= 44OC
= 1.8

P.C.
T t0
_________ Ln _________
K
Tt
660000 X 0.9
57 - 30
------------------- Ln ------------750
57 44

= 792 Ln 2.07
= 792 X 0.72
= 578 M2
Therefore, capacity of existing VLJH are sufficient.
b) Juice heaters for RJ2 heating :P
C
T

## = 550 X 1.2 X 1000

= 0.9
= temp of heating vapour in OC

= 660000 Kg / Hr
= 90OC
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

## = Initial temp of juice in OC

= final temp of juice in OC
= Velocity of juice in M/ Sec

t0
t
U
K

= 550 Kcl / M2 / OC / Hr

H.S.

P.C.
_________
K

= 45OC
= 70OC
= 1.8

T t0
Ln _________
Tt

660000 X 0.9
------------------- Ln
550

90 - 45
------------90 70

= 1080 Ln 2.25
= 1080 X 0.811
= 875 M2
Therefore, 3 nos juice heaters of 350 m2 heating surface each are sufficient.
c) Juice heater for S J1 Heating :-

P
C
T
t0
t
U
2 O
= 575 Kcl / M / C / Hr

H.S.

P.C.
_________
K

## = 550 X 1.2 X 1000

= 0.9
= temp of heating vapour in OC
= Initial temp of juice in OC
= final temp of juice in OC
= Velocity of juice in M/ Sec

= 660000 Kg / Hr
= 100OC
= 70OC
= 88OC
= 1.67

T t0
Ln _________
Tt

660000 X 0.9
------------------- Ln
575

100- 70
------------100 - 88

= 1033 Ln 2.5
= 1033 X 0.92
= 950 M2
Therefore, 3 Nos. JH of 350M2 HS each are sufficient.
d) Juice heater for S J2 Heating :P
C
T
t0
t
U

## = 550 X 1.2 X 1000

= 0.9
= temp of heating vapour in OC
= Initial temp of juice in OC
= final temp of juice in OC
= Velocity of juice in M/ Sec

= 660000 Kg / Hr
= 110OC
= 88OC
= 102OC
= 1.67
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

K
K
H.S.

= 6T [ U / 1.8]0.8
= 6 X 110 [1.67 / 1.8]0.8
= 660 X 0.94
= 620 Kcl / M2 / OC / Hr
=

P.C.
_________
K

T t0
Ln _________
Tt

660000 X 0.9
=
------------------- Ln
620
= 958 Ln 2.75
= 958 X 1.01
= 967 M2

110- 88
------------110 - 102

## 5. JUICE SULPHITOR :Existing holding capacity

Dia.
Working height
Density of juice 14 Bx.
At 13200 TCD
Retention time

No 1
= 435 HL
= 4.2 Meter
= 2.75 Meter
= 1.04

No 2
400 HL
4.2 Meter
2.50 Meter

= 3.75 Minutes

3.50 Minutes

Therefore, at 13200 TCD taking working height 2.5 meter and retention time 7 minutes. Capacity
of both juice sulphiter are sufficient.

## 6. SULPHUR BURNER :Existing Capacity

Total no of furnace
Sulphur consumption
Consider as 3 Nos. S.F for juice clarification
Consider as 1 No S.F. for syrup clarification
Total sulphur brunt by 3 Nos. S.F.
At 65 % efficiency
Juice to be treated at 0.052 % on cane
Suitable for cane crush/ day
For syrup sulphitor
Syrup to be treated @ 0.028 % on cane
Suitable for cane crush/ day

= 200 Kg / Hr
= 5 Nos.
= 0.08 % on cane
= 200 X 3

= 600 Kg / Hr
= 390 Kg / Hr
= 750 Ton / Hr (juice)
= 13850
= 464 Ton / Hr
= 13200

## 7. AIR COMPRESSOR :Existing Capacity

At 80% efficient capacity
8 M3 / Hr air brunt
4000 M2 / Hr air brunt

= 5000 M2 / Hr
= 4000 M2 / Hr
= 1 Kg / Hr Sulphur
= 500 Kg / Hr
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

OR
Suitable for cane crush/ day @ 0.08 % on cane
sulphur consumption

= 12 Ton / Day
= 15000

## 8. AIR LINE FOR AIR COMPRESSOR ( REQUIRED )

Existing dia
Velocity of air
Suitable for cane crush / day

= 10"
= 25 M / Sec.
= 15000

## 9. VACUUM FILTERS :Existing Capacity

Total filtering area
Required filtering area per TCH
Filtering area required

## = 3.05 X 6.1 M - 5 Nos.

= 4.27 X 6.1 M - 1 Nos.
= 371.5 M2
= 0.70 M2
= 550 X 0.65
= 357.5

No of plates
Area of 9 plates

= 17.82 M2

Old Mill
No of plates
Area of 4 plates

= 7.92 M2

## New Mill auxiliary screen

No of plates
Area of 3 plates
Total screening area
Area required
Screening area required at 550 TCH
Screening area to be increased

## = 3, Length = 1180 MM, width = 890 MM

= 3.15 M2
= 17.82 + 7.92 + 3.15
= 28.89 M2
= 0.06 M2 / TCH
= 550 X 0.055
= 30.25 M2
= 30.25 28.89
= 1.36 M2

## 11. VACUUM PUMP :No of pumps

Type
Capacity
RPM
Motor HP
Suitable for cane crush / day

=3
= PL 1250 A
= 3000 M3 / Hr
= 590 600
= 150
= 13500
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

Capacity

= 3 Nos.
= 180 M3 / hr

## 13. CLARIFIER :Existing

Dia
Height
Holding capacity in HL
Retention time

= 2 Nos.
= 36'
= 20'
= 5900
= 2. Hrs

= 13200

Working Height
Retention time

= 250 HL.
- 1 No
= 2 Meter
= 15 Minutes

= 13500

## 15. EVAPORATOR :a) (DEVC + Quintuple) existing setup.

Existing equipments capacity H.S. in M2
S. No
1.
2.
3.

S. K.
2050
1850
1400

V. C.
1950
1800
1390

1st body
1200
1390
790

2nd body
1400
790
510

3rd body
750
790
510

4th body
700
790
510

VL / Dy. J.H.
300
290
300

## Calculation of Steam consumption % on cane at DEVC + Quintuple on 13200 TCD is given on

separate sheet. (Annexure 1)

16.

PAN STATION:-

a) A PANS
A massecuite % on cane
A massecuite produce / day
No. of A pans
Total capacity of A pans

= 24
= 13200 X 0.24
= 3168 Tons / day
= 4 nos. 120 Tons + 1 No. 60 ton
= 120 x 4 + 1 x 60
= 540 Ton

## Taking A m/c boiling time

No. Of strike/ day/pan

= 4 hours
= 24/4

=6
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

= 3168 / 6

= 528 Tons

## Therefore, capacity of A pans are sufficient.

b) B PANS
Taking B m/c % cane
Massecuite reduce / Hr
Capacity of B CVP

=11
= 550 X 0 .11
= 60.50 Ton / Hr
= 60 Ton/hr

## B CVP capacity is sufficient to take crush upto 13200 TCD.

Taking 25% graining volume, grain required / Hr
Taking 4 hours for graining pan
Capacity of B graining pan required

= 60 X 0.25
= 15.0 Ton / Hr
= 15 X 4
= 60 Tons

## Existing capacity of B graining pan is

= 60 Tons (sufficient)

= 60 Tons

c) C1 PANS
C1 massecuite % cane
C1 massecuite produce / day
No. of C1 pans
Capacity of C1 pans
Taking C1 m/c boiling time
Total no. Of strike / day /pan
Pan capacity required

=3
= 13200 X 0.03
=1
= 120 Ton
= 6 hours
=24/6
= 396 /4

= 396 Tons

=4
= 99 Tons

## 1 No.- 120Ton pan is sufficient.

d) C PANS
C massecuite % cane
C massecuite produce / day
No. of C pans
Capacity of C pans
Taking C m/c boiling time
Total no. Of strike / day /pan
Pan Capacity required

=6
= 13200 X 0.06
= 3 Nos.60 Tons
= 1 No. 80 Ton
= (3 X 60 ) + 80
= 7 hours
= 792 /3.5

= 792 Tons
= 260 Ton
= 3.5
= 226Tons

17.

## COOLING TOWER AND INJECTION PUMPS :-

A PANS
Assuming evaporation rate
Water required
H.S. of 120 ton pan
H.S. of 60 ton pan

= 40 kg/mt2/hr
= 45 kg/kg of vapour
= 565 mt2
= 238 mt2
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

Water requirement
Total water requirement for A pans

## = (4 x 565 + 1 x 238 x 40 x 45)/1000

= 4496 M3/hr
= 4496 m3/hr

B PANS
Assuming evaporation rate
Water required
H.S. of 56 Tons / Hr CV P
Water requirement = (1038X 25 X 45)/1000
Total no. of batch pan
=1
2
HS = 280 mt , ER
Water requirement = (280 X 30 X 45) / 1000

= 25 kg/mt2/hr
= 45 kg/kg of vapour
= 1038 mt2
= 1168 m3/hr

## Total water requirement for B pans

=1168+ 378

= 30 kg/mt2/hr
= 378 m3/hr
= 1546 m3 / hr

C1 PANS
Assuming evaporation rate
Water required
H.S. of pan
Water requirement
Total water requirement for C m/c pans

= 25 kg/mt2/hr
= 45 kg/kg of vapour
= 565 mt2
= (565 X 25 X 45)/1000
= 635 m3/hr

= 635 m3/hr

C PANS
Assuming evaporation rate
Water required
H.S. of 1 No 80 Tons pan
H.S. of 4 No 60 Ton pans
Total heating surface
Water requirement
Total water requirement for C m/c pans

= 25 kg/mt2/hr
= 45 kg/kg of vapour
= 418 m2
= 3 X 238 = 714 m2
= (714 + 418) X 25 X 45 /1000
= 1274 m3/hr
= 1274m3/hr

= 2000 m3 / hr

## = 4496 +1546 + 635 + 1274 + 2000

= 9951 m3 / hr

Hence, existing injection pumps capacity is sufficient to take crush upto 13200 TCD.

COOLING TOWER
No. of cells
Capacity of each cell

=5
= 2000 m3/hr

## Therefore, capacity of cooling tower is sufficient.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

18.CRYSTALLIZERS :A CRYSTALLIZER
A massecuite % cane
A M /C produced
A M/ C produced per hour
Total no. of A crystallizer
Capacity of each crystallizer
Total capacity of A crystallizers
Taking retention time of A M/C in crystallizer
Massecuite handled per hour

= 24
= 3168 Tons / day
= 3168 / 24
=7
= 65 Ton
= 455 Ton
= 3 Hour
= 455 / 3

=132 Ton

## =151 Ton / hour

At the rate of 24 % A- M/C % cane this crystallizer capacity is sufficient for = 13500 TCD
B MASSECUITE VERTICAL COOLING CRYSTALLIZER (TWIN)
Capacity
Temperature of massecuite going in B vertical crystallizer
Out let massecuite temperature
Rate of cooling / hour
Total time required for cooling

= 650C
= 490C
= 20C/ hr
= (65-49)/ 2
= 8 hour
= 68 Ton / hour
= 60 Ton / Hr

## Massecuite handled / hour =550/8

Massecuite produced / Hr
Hence, @ 11% B m/c

## C1 MASSECUITE OVERHEAD COOLING CRYSTALLIZERS

Crystallizers capacity
Taking 6 hours minimum cooling time
Massecuite handled per hour
Hence, @ 3 % C1 M / C % cane C1 overhead

## =Two nos. 60 ton capacity each

=120/6
=20 ton / hour
= (20 x 24 x100) / 3 = 16000 TCD

Crystallizer capacity is sufficient to take crush upto 16000 TCD, hence sufficient
C VERTICAL CRYSTALLIZER
C vertical crystallizer capacity
6 nos. horizontal C crystallizer capacity
Total capacity of C crystallizer for cooling
Total retention time required for cooling in C crystallizers
Massecuite handled / hour
Hence, @ 6% C m/c % cane C vertical crystallizer

=350 ton
=360 ton
=710 ton
=22 hours
=710 /22
= (32.30 x 24 x 100)/6

= 32.30 Ton/hr
=12920 TCD

Therefore, capacity of horizontal and vertical crystallisers for C massecuite cooling are sufficient.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

19.

CENTRIFUGALS

ACENTRIFUGALS
Total massecuite produce
No of Buckau Wolf machine 1 T / Charge machine
No of NHEC 1.25 T / Charge machines
Buakau Wolf Machine, No. of cycle / machine / hr
(After change in Dc drive)
NHEC machine, No. Of cycle / machine / hr
Total massecuite cured

## = 3168 Ton / day

= 8 Nos.
= 2 Nos.
= 13
= 18
= (2 X 1.25 X 18 X 22) + (8 X 1 X 13 X 22)
= 990 + 2288
= 3278 Ton / day

## Therefore, capacity of A centrifugals are sufficient.

B CONTINUOUS MACHINES
4nos. NK 1500, capacity
Total massecuite handled
3 no. NK 1100, capacity
Total massecuite handled
Total massecuite handled from all machines
This is sufficient to take crush
(@ B massecuite%cane = 11)
Therefore, capacity of B continuous machines are sufficient.

= 12 ton/hr/machine
= 48 ton/hr
= 8 ton / hr / machine
=24 ton / hr
= 48 + 24 = 72 ton / hr
= (72 X 22 X 100) / 11 = 14400 TCD

C1 CURING
3 nos. NK - 1500, capacity
Total massecuite handled
This is sufficient to take crush
(@ C1 massecuite % cane = 3 )

= 9 ton / hr / machine
= 27 ton / hr
= (27 X 22 X 100) / 3 = 19800 TCD

## Therefore, capacity of C1 continuous machines are sufficient.

C CURING
7 no. NK 1500, capacity
Total massecuite handled
This is sufficient to take crush
(@ C massecuite % cane = 6)
Therefore, capacity of C continuous machines are sufficient.

= 6 Ton / hr / machine
= 42 ton / hr
= (42 X 22 X 100) / 6 = 15400 TCD

CAW CURING
DC - 12 machine 1 no, capacity
SC 1350 - KT - 1 no, capacity
NK - 1100 1 no, Capacity
Total magma handled
Total (CFW + C1FW) magma
(C + C1) massecuite
So, these machines are sufficient to take crush

= 8 ton / hr
= 8 tons / hr
= 8 ton / hr
= 24 ton / hr
= 35 % of (C+ C1) massecuite
= 9 % cane
= (24X22 X 100 X100) / (9 X 35)
= 16760 TCD
Therefore, capacity of CAW continuous machines are sufficient.
/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

20.

## B/C SUGAR MELTER :-

Total capacity
Taking total melt quantity
Retention time in melter
This is sufficient to handle melt
Where (1.25 = specific gravity of melt)
This is sufficient to take crush

21.

= 32 m3
= 16 %
= 25 mins.
= (60 X 32) / 25
= 76.8 X 1.25

= 76.8 M3 / hr
= 96 tons / hr

## = (96 X 100 X 24) / 16 = 14400 TCD

Taking utilization capacity of each grader
Capacity of all graders = (20 X 5) X 0.75
Taking 11.5 recovery
This is sufficient to handle sugar
This is sufficient to take crush = (1650 x100) / 11.5

## = 5 of 20 ton / hr capacity each

= 75 %
= 75 ton / hr
= 750 bags / hour
= 75 x 22
= 14350 TCD

=1650 ton

22.

## a) M power build with stitching machine

Bagging machine for M sugar
Bagging rate / machine (100 Kg bagging)
Total sugar handled
Taking M sugar % =85 and recovery % cane
This is sufficient to take crush

= 5 nos.
= 200 bags / hour
= 5 x 200 x 22
=17600 Qtls./day
= 11.50
= (17600 x 100 X 100) / (85 X 11.50)
= 18000 TCD

## b) S power build with stitching machine

Bagging machine for M sugar
Bagging rate / machine (100 Kg bagging)
Total sugar handled
Taking S sugar % = 15 and recovery % cane
This is sufficient to take crush

= 1 nos.
= 200 bags / hour
= 1 x 200 x 22
= 4400 Qtls./day
= 11.50
= (4400 x 100 X 100) / (15 X 11.50)
= 25500 TCD

Therefore, capacity of power Build weighing machines with stitching machines are sufficient at
12500 TCD.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

## Triveni Engineering & Industries Ltd.,

Sugar Unit Khatauli
Summary of Existing Boiling House Equipments
BASIS OF CALCULATION
CANE CRUSH = 13200 TCD

## Raw Jc. % CANE = 105

OLIVER RETURN = 15%
TOTAL MJ % CANE = 120
S
Name of Equipments
NO.
1

R. J. Weighing Scale

R. J. Pipe Line

V. L. J. H. / Dy J.H.

## Raw Juice Pump

5
6
7
8
9

R. J2. Heating
S. J1 Heating
S. J2 Heating
juice Sulphitor (2 NOS)
Sulphur furnace

10

Air Compressure

11
12

## Air Line for S. F.

Vacuum Filter

13
14
15

Clarifier
clear juice pumps
Syp. Sulphitor

16

## Plate type heaters

(for clear Jc. Heating)

17

Semi Kestner

18

Vapour cell

19

1st
2nd
3rd
4th
Velocity of vapours in:
R.J./S.J.1 heating 32" dia
S.J2 heating 24'dia

FIBRE % CANE = 14
CLEAR JUICE % CANE =105
CLEAR JUICE BRIX = 14
CAPACITY AT
13200 TCD

Existing Capacity
10 Ton / Tip, 2 Nos.
6.5 Ton / Tip, 1 Nos.at 25 Tip / Hr max.
12" dia , 2 Battery, 'at velocity 2.0 m/s
14" dia header, 'at velocity 2 m/s
300 M2 X 2 Nos. Valocity 2 M / Sec.
290 M2 X 1 Nos.
360 M3 / Hr X 4 Nos. Head 60 M two remain
in operation
2

## 350 M X 3 Nos. Velocity 2 M / sec.

350 M2 X 3 Nos. Velocity 2 M / sec.
350 M2 X 3 Nos. Velocity 2 M / sec.
435 HL retention time 7 Minutes
200 Kg /Hr X 4 for juice
200 Kg /Hr X 1 for syrup
at total 0.08 % Sulphur on Cane
2000 M3 / Hr X 1No.
1000 M3 / Hr X 3 Nos.
10" dia
10' X 20' : X 5 Nos.
14'X 20' : X 1 No.
36' dia X 2 Nos.at Retn time 2 hr
245 m3/hr X 3 nos., head=30 mt
250 H.L. - 2 No.
Retention time 15 minutes
3Nos.,90M2 each
2 Nos., 45M2 each
1 No., 110 M2
H.S. 3900 M2 (SK no 1+2)
evp. Rate 50 Kg/M2/Hr or 10 lb
H.S. 3750 M2 (VC no 1+2)
evp. Rate 30 Kg/M2/Hr or 6 lb

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

## HS 2590 M2 Evp rate 16.0 kg or 3.75 lb

HS 2190 M2 Evp rate 18.0 kg or 4.25 lb
HS 1540 M2 Evp.rate 10.0 Kg or 2.5 lb
HS 1540 M2 Evp.rate 10.0 Kg or 2.5lb
Approx 35 m/sec
Approx 26.5 m/sec
Approx 20 m/sec
Approx 30.5 m/sec(3 nos. J.H.)
Approx 17 m/sec (2 NOS .J.H.)

O.K.

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc

BASIS:
A MASSECUITE % CANE
B MASSECUITE % CANE
C1 MASSECUITE % CANE
C MASSECUITE % CANE

= 24
= 11
=3
=6

S.
NO
1

EQUIPMENT
A PANS

B PAN (CVP)

DETAIL OF EQUIPMENTS
4 NOS. X 120 TONS EACH
1 No X 60 Ton
60 TONS/HR

C1 PANS

O.K.

C PANS

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

COOLING TOWER

## 3NOS. 60 TONS EACH

1 NO. 80 TONS
2000 m3/hr X 5 NOS.

A CRYSTALLIZERS

B VERTICAL
CRYSTALLIZER
C VERTICAL AND
HORIZONTAL
CRYSTALLIZERS
C1 CRYSTALLIZER
A C-F MACHINES

550 TONS

8
9
10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17

CAPACITY
AT 13200 TCD
O.K.
O.K.

O.K.

## 2 NOS. X 60 TONS EACH

8 NOS.- 1 TON/CHARGE
2 NOS.- 1.25 TON / CH
4 NOS.- NK 1503
3 NOS.- NK 1100
3 NOS. NK 1503

O.K.

7 NOS. NK 1503

O.K.

1 NO. DC 12
1 NO. SC1350 KT
1 NO.- NK 1100

O.K.

B/C SUGAR
MELTER

2 NOS 16 M3 / HR EACH

O.K.

5 NOS X 20 TON / HR

O.K.

POWER BUILD
AUTO WEIGHING
MACHINES

## 5 NOS. FOR M SUGAR

1 NO. FOR S SUGAR

O.K.

B CONTINUOUS
MACHINES
C1 CONTINUOUS
MACHINES
C CONTINUOUS
MACHINES
CAW MACHINES

O.K.
O.K.

/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/259945708.doc