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ARIT Istanbul, 21/2/2011

Dervish orders : their presence and the network of tekkes in
Ottoman Thessaly

Abstract
The presence of the dervish orders in the Balkans is directly associated with the
participation of the dervishes in the Ottoman expeditions and their relation to the
janissaries. The provincial governors supported them by many means (tax privileges,
land for erecting tekkes) and contributed to the development of complicated
relationships based on mutual recognition and interests.
After the capture of the town of Larisa at the end of the 14th-beginning of the
15th century, Thessaly comprised a peripheral semiautonomous region (Uç) at the
borders of the Ottoman Empire. The dervish orders played an important role in the
attempt of the new leaders to incorporate as soon as possible all regions, both urban
(Tirhala/Trikala, Yeni Şehir/Larisa) and rural, into the same authority.
In this presentation the preliminary results of my research in progress will be
presented, dealing with the contribution of dervishes to the consolidation of the
Ottoman authority in Thessaly and the evolving landscape. Taking into consideration
the archival evidence and the preserved monuments, I am focusing on the dynamic
role the dervish orders played in the emergence of the Ottoman and Islamic
character of the Thessalian towns and the countryside thought the operation of
tekkes.
It will be argued that the erection of tekkes in the urban centers and across
the major road network was directly associated with the involvement of the
dervishes in the control and circulation of various products in the local markets. In
addition, the spatial distribution of the settlements, where dervishes are recorded as
settlers, indicates their active involvement in the installation and integration of new
populations in Thessaly.
Gregory Stournaras
Ph.D in Urban and Regional Planning,
School of Architecture, National Technical University of Athens
Senior Fellow at the ASCSA at Athens,
W. Coulson & T. Cross Aegean Exchange Program

PLATOMONA
? ΠΑΛΗΟΡΕΥΜΑ
Sogǔk Pinar
YENIŞEHIR

TIRHALA
Haydar hane
Çile hane

Turahanoğulları

Çesme

ÇATALCA

Turahan 1446

Ömer c. 1474

Ömer 1484

Hasan 1531

YENIŞEHIR
TIRHALA

YENIŞEHIR
Çile hane (Σ΢ΗΛΔ ΥΑΝΔ)

YENIŞEHIR
Çile hane (Σ΢ΗΛΔ ΥΑΝΔ)

YENIŞEHIR

TIRHALA
-

Haydar hane

(ΥΑΪΓΑΡ ΥΑΝΔ)

Haydar hane

(ΥΑΪΓΑΡ ΥΑΝΔ)

Sogǔk Pinar

Sogǔk Pinar

(΢ΟΤΣΕΗΟΤΚ ΜΠΟΤΝΑΡ)

(΢ΟΤΣΕΗΟΤΚ ΜΠΟΤΝΑΡ)

-

PLATOMONA (ΠΛΑΣΑΜΩΝΑ΢)
ΠΑΛΗΟΡΕΥΜΑ

-

-

PLATOMONA,
-

(ΠΛΑΣΑΜΩΝΑ΢)

ÇATALCA , Çesme
ΦΑΡ΢ΑΛΑ, ΒΡΤ΢Ζ

The tekkes established by Turahan and his sons in the most important urban centers and in key locations of the
Thessalian countryside

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