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Name_____________________________ Date_______________ Period______ Bio I, Ms.

D
Meiosis vs Mitosis PRACTICE QUIZ!!
1.

Compared to human cells resulting from mitotic cell division, human cells resulting from meiotic cell division
would have
a. Twice as many chromosomes
b. The same number of chromosomes
c. One-half the number of chromosomes
d. One-quarter as many chromosomes

2. Which activity most directly involves the process represented in the diagram below?

a.
b.
c.
d.

A macrophage engulfing bacteria
A gamete reproducing sexually
A gamete being produced in the ovary
An animal somatic cell replicating itself

3. Which process normally occurs during meiosis but NOT during mitosis?
a. Chromosomal replication
b. Synapsis of homologous chromosomes
c. Spindle formation
d. Centrosome movement to the poles
4. The diagram below represents some stages of early embryonic development in mammals. Which process is
represented by the arrows in the diagram?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Meiosis
Fertilization
Mitosis
Evolution

c. 8. Chloroplasts to capture energy c. d. The cell in the diagram below illustrates a stage of mitotic cell division. Sister chromatid Paired chromosomes Centrosome Centromere Metaphase plate 7. Mitochondria to release energy b. Which statement is true of BOTH mitosis and meiosis? a. c. Both occur only in reproductive cells c. The number of chromosomes is reduced by half d. The ability of cells to pass on their characteristics to new cells is most directly related to the ability of a. Fertilization 2 cell stage 4 cell stage Morula stage Blastocyst stage 6. b. e. e. Cytosol to release waste d. d. The arrow indicates a. Both are involved in asexual reproduction b. Cells containing only HALF of the genetic information characteristic of the species are found at which stage? a. The diagram below represents stages in the processes of reproduction and development in an animal. b. DNA replication occurs before the division of the nucleus.5. Chromosomes to replicate .

d. Diploid b. A and C Male Female Hermaphrodite Old person . b. c. A and B e. 11. Testes c. Where does mitosis happen in the human body? a. Somatic cells d. A and B e. B and C 12. Haploid c. Liver cell Skin cell Ovum cell Lung cell 10. The diagram below depicts a karyotype from a human cell. Ovary b. A and C 13. What type of individual was this taken from? a. Testes c.9. Human liver cells are a. A and C e. c. Somatic d. The karyotype below is from a human cell. Where does meiosis happen in the human body? a. d. b. Somatic cells d. Ovary b. What type of cell was it most likely taken from? a.

A cell containing 40 chromosomes undergoes MEIOSIS. B 11. Crossing over d. Haploid 19. 4 daughter cells each containing 40 chromosomes d. E . a. 2 daughter cells each containing 20 chromosomes c. Mutation c. Synapsis b. a. 4 daughter cells each containing 20 chromosomes 15. B 4. Polyploid d. D 3. 2 daughter cells each containing 20 chromosomes c. 4 daughter cells each containing 40 chromosomes d. What is the end result? a. 2 daughter cells each containing 40 chromosomes b. Polyploid d. D 8. Gametes 17. C 5. D 12. Asexual reproduction b. D 16. 2 daughter cells each containing 40 chromosomes b. A 15. A cell containing 40 chromosomes undergoes MITOSIS. D 9. Haploid b. A and B e. a. C 10. D 13. Haploid b. A 18. B and C ANSWER KEY: 1. A 19. The process by which homologous chromosomes come together in pairs in prophase I is called ________________. Somatic cells 18. C 2. Chiasma c. C 14. Diploid c. What is the end result? a. Cells which have only one kind of each chromosome are called _________________. Diploid c. Crossing over d. B 17. 4 daughter cells each containing 20 chromosomes 16. A 6. Which of the following increases the genetic diversity in a population? a. C 7. Cells which have pairs of homologous chromosomes are called _____________.14.