Chapter 4 review of equilibrium of rigid bodies for vector mechanics, dynamics.

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Chapter 4 review of equilibrium of rigid bodies for vector mechanics, dynamics.

© All Rights Reserved

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Edition

Chapter 4: Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies

(Force-Couple System)

Forces in a Plane (2-D)

moments are balanced and will impart no translational or rotational

motion to the body.

The necessary and sufficient condition for the equilibrium of a body:

G

G

G G

F = 0 M O = (r F ) = 0

or

Fx = 0 Fy = 0 Fz = 0

Mx = 0 My = 0 Mz = 0

Seventh

Edition

4.1

First step in the static equilibrium analysis of a rigid

body is identification of all forces acting on the

body with a free-body diagram.

Select the extent of the free-body and detach it

from the ground and all other bodies.

Indicate point of application, magnitude, and

direction of external forces, including the rigid

body weight.

Indicate point of application and assumed

direction of unknown applied forces. These

usually consist of reactions through which the

ground and other bodies oppose the possible

motion of the rigid body.

Include the dimensions necessary to compute

the moments of the forces.

Seventh

Edition

4.1

Reactions equivalent to a

force with known line of

action.

Seventh

Edition

4.1

Reactions equivalent to a

force of unknown direction

and magnitude.

Reactions equivalent to a

force of unknown

direction and magnitude

and a couple.of unknown

magnitude

Seventh

Edition

4.2

For all forces and moments acting on a twodimensional structure,

Fz = 0 M x = M y = 0 M z = M O

Equations of equilibrium become

Fx = 0 Fy = 0 M A = 0

where A is any point in the plane of the

structure.

The 3 equations can be solved for no more

than 3 unknowns.

The 3 equations can not be augmented with

additional equations, but they can be replaced

Fx = 0 M A = 0 M B = 0

Seventh

Edition

Sample Problem 4.1

crate. It is held in place by a pin at A and a rocker at B. The

center of gravity of the crane is located at G.

Determine the components of the reactions at A and B.

Seventh

Edition

Sample Problem 4.3

A loading car is at rest on an inclined track. The gross weight of the car and

its load is 5500 lb, and it is applied at at G. The cart is held in position by

the cable.

Determine the tension in the cable and the reaction at each pair of wheels.

Seventh

Edition

Sample Problem 4.4

The tension in the cable is 150 kN.

Determine the reaction at the fixed end E.

Seventh

Edition

4.3

Consider a plate subjected to two forces F1 and F2

For static equilibrium, the sum of moments about A

must be zero. The moment of F2 must be zero. It

follows that the line of action of F2 must pass

through A.

Similarly, the line of action of F1 must pass

through B for the sum of moments about B to be

zero.

Requiring that the sum of forces in any direction be

zero leads to the conclusion that F1 and F2 must

have equal magnitude but opposite sense.

Seventh

Edition

4.3

Consider a rigid body subjected to forces acting at

only 3 points.

Assuming that their lines of action intersect, the

moment of F1 and F2 about the point of intersection

represented by D is zero.

Since the rigid body is in equilibrium, the sum of the

moments of F1, F2, and F3 about any axis must be

zero. It follows that the moment of F3 about D must

be zero as well and that the line of action of F3 must

pass through D.

The lines of action of the three forces must be

concurrent or parallel.

Seventh

Edition

Sample Problem 4.6

Find the tension in the rope and the reaction at A.

Seventh

Edition

4.4

Six scalar equations are required to express the

conditions for the equilibrium of a rigid body in the

general three dimensional case.

Fx = 0 Fy = 0 Fz = 0

Mx = 0 My = 0 Mz = 0

These equations can be solved for no more than 6

unknowns which generally represent reactions at supports

or connections.

The scalar equations are conveniently obtained by applying the

vector forms of the conditions for equilibrium,

G

G

G G

F = 0 M O = (r F ) = 0

Seventh

Edition

4.4

Seventh

Edition

4.4

Seventh

Edition

Sample Problem 4.8

A sign of uniform density weighs 270 lb and is supported by a balland-socket joint at A and by two cables.

Determine the tension in each cable and the reaction at A.

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