AL ARBA’EEN min ar-riwayati UMMIL MU’MINEEN

Forty Traditions from the narration of the Mother of the Believers

A GLIMPSE OF THE BRILLIA CE I AA’ISHA [May Allah be pleased with her] ( ‫)ر َ ﷲ‬ ‫أ‬ ‘Jibreel [Peace be upon Him] came with my portrait wrapped in green silk in the dream of The Prophet and said “This is your wife in this world and in the next world”’1 Her Virtues The finest example for women in terms of great authority, knowledge, devoutness, wisdom, sincerity, and above all, love for The Prophet of Allah [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him], is undoubtedly the Mother of the Believers, Sayyeda Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her]. She is proof that women can excel men in all fields and her life answers the criticism of Islam’s regard for women. Her knowledge of Prophetic traditions was exquisite and vast of it was attained at a young age. Along with her exceptional beauty and memory, she was from the house of Abu Bakr as-Siddique2 [May Allah be pleased with him], so she was inevitably overflowing with piety and morality. She was very generous and gave whatever she could to the needy. She was tender hearted and tears would easily flow from her eyes. Whenever she received as much as 100,000 Dirham as gift, she would always spend it in the path of Allah Ta’ala and give it away to the poor. She was so generous and loved giving to charity, that she even sold her house and gave the entire money received as Sadqah. She was modest and pure and one of the most exalted personalities of her time. She accepted Islam with her sister Asmaa [May Allah be pleased with her] and they are both from the first generation Muslims. There are many Ayah3 of the Holy Qur’an

1 2

Jami’ Tirmidhi, narrated by Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her].

Abu Bakr as-Siddique is an exceptional character in Islam’s history. According to the beliefs of the Ahlus Sunnah (followers of Sunnah), He is the best human after all the Prophets, simply because of His overwhelming love and closeness to The Master of both worlds, Muhammad [Peace and blessings from be upon Him]. He was the companion of The Prophet [Peace and blessings from be upon Him] during the migration to Madinah alMunawwarah and sacrificed his entire life for the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings from be upon Him]. He was the first Caliph of Islam and one of the ’Ashara Mubashara, the ten companions who were given the good news of heaven. He is buried in Madinah al-Munawwarah next to His beloved. May Allah Ta’ala grant Him peace and have mercy on His family. Verses of the Holy Qur’an

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AL ARBA’EE THE FORTY TRADITIO S

Hadith number 1 Virtues of the Siwaak1

‫ت : ل ر ول‬ (‫م ر ة رب‬

‫ر‬ ‫ن أم ا ؤ ن‬ ‫و م ل: )ا واك ط رة‬

The Mother of the Believers Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her] narrated that the Holy Prophet of Allah [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] said: “The Siwaak purifies the mouth, which pleases the Lord.”
(Bukhari, esa’i, ibn Khuzayma) *** Elaboration: The using of a Siwaak is a much emphasised Sunnah2 and is recipient of immense blessings. Our Beloved Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] used to use the Siwaak to such an extent that He [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] said: “I was insisted on using the Siwaak so much that I feared my teeth would fall off.”3 The reward for using Siwaak after Salaah4 is so great that the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] said; “When a person stands for prayer after having used the Siwaak, an angel draws near him and listens to his recitation until his mouth becomes the worshipper’s mouth. Whatever he recites from the Holy Qur’an fills the belly of the angel. So purify your mouths for sake of the Qur’an!”5 And it is found in another Hadith; “The superiority of two units of prayer with the use of Siwaak is seventy times than that of an ordinary prayer.”6 May Allah Ta'ala grant us the ability to follow in the footsteps of the Greatest of Creation [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] and use the Siwaak for His pleasure alone.

1

Siwaak or Miswaak is the usage of a small stick from a bitter plant for cleansing the teeth. It should be one span in length and thin like the baby finger.

2

Sunnah is also the word used to denote an act of our beloved Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him]. Imam Tabrani (Awsat). This Hadith is also narrated by Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her]. Salaah, or prayer, is the second pillar of Islam. Bazzar and Ibn Maajah, narrated by Ali [May Allah be pleased with him]. Abu Nu’aym, narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas [May Allah be pleased with him].

3 4 5 6

Hadith number 21 Avoiding arguments

‫ت : ل ر ول‬ (‫م‬ ‫ا دا‬

‫ر‬ ‫ن أم ا ؤ ن‬ ‫و م : )إن أ ض ا ر ل إ‬

The Mother of the Believers Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her] narrated that the Holy Prophet of Allah [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] said: “The most disliked of men to Allah Ta’ala are the quarrelsome among them.”
(Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, esa’i) *** Elaboration: This hadith explains the severity of quarrelling and unnecessary arguments. Allah Ta’ala dislikes those men who debate for worldly possessions and those who dispute about which they themselves are not clear about and those who dispute among themselves; the sternness can be understood from another hadith; “There is no group who go astray after being guided, unless they disputed among themselves.”1 The Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] also stated many rewards for those who abstain from such behaviour.

1

Tirmidhi, narrated by Abu Hurairah [May Allah be pleased with him]

Hadith number 23 Humility in prayer

‫س‬

‫ت : ) ت ر ول‬ ‫ة، ل: إ ھو ا‬

‫ر‬ ‫ن أم ا ؤ ن‬ ‫و م نا تار ل ا‬ (‫ةا د‬ ‫ا طن ن‬

The Mother of the Believers Aa’isha [May Allah be pleased with her] narrated that: I asked the Prophet of Allah about looking freely in Salah, He replied; “It is the stealing of the prayer from the worshipper by the Shaytan1.”
(Bukhari, esa’i, Abu Dawood, Ibn Khuzayma) *** Elaboration: Praying without Khushoo’2 is an unfortunate and unwanted factor in our prayers. This hadith implies that lack of attention in prayer receives no reward, rather merely discharges ones’ obligation, so the worshipper is deprived of reward and therefore robbed by the Shaytan. It could also mean that the Shaytan has prevented him from performing his Salaah perfectly. Allah Ta'ala revealed in the Holy Qur’an;

“Indeed the successful are the believers. Those of them who are humble in their prayers,”3 The performing of the prayer is the nearest a worshipper becomes to Allah Ta'ala and we should have full concentration while praying as we our standing before our Creator and He is attentive to us. If we fall short in this, The Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] warned; “Allah does not stop to look the slave in prayer, as long as

‫َ َ ِ ِ م َ ِ ُون‬ َ ْ

ْ ْ ِ ‫َد أَ ْ َ َ ا ْ ُؤ ِ ُون ا ذ ن ھم‬ ُْ َ ِ َ

1

Shaytan is the Arabic term used for ‘devil’, however ‘the Shaytan’, in the definite form, refers to the archdevil Iblees. Humility, complete awareness of Allah Ta’ala and focused in prayer. Surah al-Mu’minoon, verses 1 & 2 (23:1-2)

2 3

GLOSSARY Ahlul Bait – The people of the household of the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah – The saved sect from the 73 sects which the Ummah shall split into Ahmedi – See Qadyani ‘Amal – actions, deeds which determine our hereafter Amr bil Ma’roof – enjoining the good Arba’een – a term used for a compilation of forty traditions Ar-Rahmaan – The Merciful, one of the exalted and beautiful names from the 99 Names of Allah As’hab al-Kisa’ – The four perfect women; Aasiyah who was the wife of Fir’awn, Maryam who was the mother of ‘Isa, Khadija who was the first wife of The Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] and the first Muslim, and Fatimah who was the favourite daughter of the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] As’hab as-Suffa – the companions of the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] who used to stay in the Masjid an-Nabawi Auliya – (sing. Wali) the pious servants and friends of Allah Ta'ala Ayah – verses of the Holy Qur’an Basheer – a name of the Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] meaning the Bearer of Glad Tidings Bayt as-Sakha – A name of one of the houses of Paradise, meaning House of The Generous Bid’ah – an innovation which was not present during the time of The Holy Prophet [Peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him] Bid’ah Hasanah – an innovation which does not contravene the Holy Qur’an and Prophetic Sunnah Bid’ah Muharramah – a prohibited innovation Bid’ah Makroohah – a disliked innovation Bid’ah Mandoobah – a recommended innovation Bid’ah Mubaahah – a permissible innovation Bid’ah Sayyi’ah – an innovation which is against the Holy Qur’an and Prophetic Sunnah

PRIMARY SOURCES The following is a list of the collections from which the Hadith used in this work originate from. Abu Dawood, Sulaiman ibn Ish’at (202-275 AH), as-Sunan Abu u’aym al-Isbahani, Ahmad bin Abdullah ibn Ahmad (336-430 AH), Kitab as-Siwaak, Hilyatul Awliyaa wa Tabaqaatul Asfiyaa Abu Ya’la, Ahmad bin ‘Ali al-Moosali at-Tameemi (210-307 AH), al-Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Abu ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad (164-241 AH), al-Musnad Baihaqi, Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Hussain ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Musa (384-458 AH), Kitab az-Zuhd and Shu’b ul-Iman Bazzar, Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul Khaaliq (210-292 AH), alMusnad al-Bukhari, Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad bin Isma’eel bin Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah (194-256 AH), al-Jami’ as-Saheeh Darimi, Abu Muhammad ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman (181-255 AH) as-Sunan Haakim, Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad (321-405 AH), al-Mustadrak ‘ala as-Saheehain ibn Hibban, Abu Haatim Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad ibn Hibban (270-254 AH), as-Saheeh ibn Khuzayma, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Is’haq (223-311 AH), as-Saheeh ibn Maajah, Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yazeed (209-273 AH), as-Sunan Malik ibn Anas (93-179 AH), al-Mu’atta Muslim, ibn al-Hajjaaj al-Qushairi an-Nishapuri (206-261 AH), as-Saheeh esa’i, Ahmad bin Shu’aib (215-303 AH), Sunan al-Kubra Tabrani, Sulaiman bin Ahmad (260-360 AH) al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, al-Mu’jam al-Awsat and al-Mu’jam as-Sagheer Tirmidhi, Abu ‘Isa Muhammad ibn ‘Isa (210-279 AH), Jami’ at-Tirmidhi

May Allah Ta’ala shower His Mercy upon them

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