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The Unbearable Lightness of Chilean "Right

By Alexis López Tapia

Archetypal and historically, the Chilean "right" was
articulated from two clearly distinct ideological
currents: Liberals and Conservatives, whose origins
can be traced back at least to the birth of the
Republic, with the so called "Pipiolos" liberals, heirs
of "Bando Carrerino "-to which belonged the first
elected President of Chile in form, Ramón Freire;
and the so called "Pelucones", conservatives, who
barely begun under the previous, conspired
together to O'higginistas and "Tobacconist"
(Estanqueros) of Diego Portales, forcing him to
resign. The "Pipiolos" maintained their dominance
to the government of Francisco Antonio Pinto, but
the revolution of 1830 -which gave rise to the "era
of Portales"- marked the end of pipiolo dominance.
Thus, from their origins, the Chilean "Right" has
suffered a real ideological schizophrenia, 200 years
of the Republic not only have failed to remedy, but
have worsened.
And like any mental disorder, this fundamental
ideological schizophrenia involves an alteration in
the reasoning, behavior and mainly on the ability to
recognize and adapt to reality.
And, indeed, if the political course of the "Right"
(which indicate "quotes" because in political science
strict terms, "Right" is a misnomer), and particularly the various alliances between Liberals and
Conservatives and their respective parties in the twentieth century is analyzed -as is briefly shown in the
table accompanying this article- it is clear that the shadow of the original fight between “Pipiolos” and
“Pelucones”, keeping projecting today.
These last alliances: "Democracy and Progress" (1989-1992), "Participation and Progress" (1992-1993);
"Union for the Advancement of Chile" (1993-1996); "Union for Chile" (1996-1999); "Alliance for Chile"
(1999-2004); "Alliance" (2004-2009); "Coalition for Change" (2009-2012); "Coalition" (2012-2013) and
again "Alliance" (2013-2015), aim now be replaced by a "new" "federated" but "unique" structure (do
you notice the inherent dichotomy in two?) .


All these structures, regardless of their name, have just formed and have never managed to overcome
the level of mere "electoral pacts", a pedantic euphemism for note that operationally, through these
alliances, liberals and conservatives have been distributing electoral quotas so far they generated the
binomial system.
And it is precisely in structural terms, these alliances have never exceeded the operational level - i.e.
electoral-, to reach tactical levels, and therefore have never been "strategic alliances", as if it has been
the incorporation of the Communist Party to the “Concertación” coalition, to form the actual "New
Majority" that the PC is leading hegemonic in ideological terms.
And it is precisely here where the fundamental difference: while the Chilean "Left" has been developing
real "strategic ideological alliances" which allowed him to move from the defensive in the 80s, to the
counteroffensive in '90, the current phase of offensive (the "backhoe") under development; the "right"
has never managed to articulate something more substantial than mere electoral pacts, which barely
conceal the fundamental "ideological schizophrenia" that we mentioned at the beginning.
And in practical terms, also this is the fundamental explanation of why "between cocks and midnight,"
the government of the "New Majority", has managed to pass no less than 105 of the 192 bills that
presented last year: precisely because it takes the offensive interested rapid end of the war, to prevent
them from leveling forces of the two sides. And that this phase is only begun: just as things are going, it
is very likely that this political cycle is much more to project a decade.
Mental illness in the "right", his ideological schizophrenia, it is clear to cite Lenin's famous phrase
"socialism is ripe Liberalism": and that is, indeed, what we have been witnessing, as silent lambs, is the
historic victory, after 200 years, the ideas of the ancient Pipiolos in the "Right": those same liberals who
originated the "Society of Equality" (does not sound familiar concept?) of Francisco Bilbao...
Recently, I asked a young professional "Right", a recent graduate of the Catholic University, what their
fundamental political concepts were: I responded with full certainty and very confident:
"I am conservative in valoric terms, and economically liberal."
Out of respect, I did not say then that was actually ideologically schizophrenic.
That young man, probably with time and effort, end leading and supporting a company or militating in
any party, or electoral "Right" coalition. As a good liberal economic, probably seize every "opportunity"
in the system to generate or accumulate more capital or more utilities, of which normally obtained in
this model.
And most likely, by sympathy or interest will end up paying part of these resources for the campaign of
any candidate for that sector.
But their children, and their children's children, are and will be ideologically permeated by the
hegemonic cultural model "Left" is imposing, so it may end up criticizing his father for his "obsolete
conservative ideas" ... precisely because thanks to their ideas and behaviors "economically liberal" is the
"Left" which is determining the cultural, ideological and political patterns under which grow their

This is the unbearable lightness of the Chilean "Right": while business operating at the expense of the
Nation, little or no care at what reality we live, and what fate are still politically driven, while the Sunday
in Church can join hands in perfect attitude of "Christian charity".
Ideologically they are sick, and in 200 years have not been realized.


Alexis López Tapia – 10 de Febrero de 2015 –