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(4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? - Quora

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Law of Unintended
Consequences

What are the best examples of the law of
unintended consequences in action?
These could be from any arena -- politics, business, economics, science,
startups, etc. -- but should be actual, real-life examples, not hypotheticals.
See Unintended consequences if this is not a familiar concept already.

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Economics

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My favorite example of the law of unintended consequences is Hoy No
Circula , the traffic rationing policy of Mexico City.
Mexico City is notorious for its traffic and the large amount of air pollution that
vehicles cause.

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What are the best historical examples of
"unintended consequences" that were
polar opposite to the intended
consequence?

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In order to stop this problem, the government designated certain days as "No
drive days", meaning, if your car's plate number ended with certain digits,
you could not drive on specific days.
For example,
On Mondays, Number plates ending with 5 or 6 weren't allowed on roads.
On Tuesdays, 7 or 8. Wednesdays, 3 or 4, Thursdays 1 or 2, and Fridays 9 or 0.
It seemed like a neat idea, and although the move was supposed to reduce the
number of vehicles on roads and thereby reduce air pollution, the exact
opposite happened.
The reason for that is mentioned in the book Think Like a Freak, by the
Freakonomics authors.
People in Mexico City bought cars, mostly very old second hand ones, making
sure that the number plates had different last digits from the ones they already
owned!
So now the number of cars that people owned virtually doubled.
When it was the "No drive day" for one car, people would simply use the other
car.
And because there were more old cars on road, pollution increased, not
decreased.
Hence the solution to the problem exacerbated the problem itself.

What are interesting examples of
negative unintended consequences of
laws that should make the world
better/safer (example... (continue)
What are some examples of the law of
unintended consequences in the design
and use of socio-technical systems?
Who coined the term 'law of unintended
consequences'?
Are there techniques to help identify
what the unintended consequences of
an action might be?
More Related Questions

Updated 23 Jul.
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Daniel Morgan, Business Valuator, Entrepreneu... (more)
4.5k upvotes by Charles Faraone, Randy Lynn, Robert Rapplean, (more)

One particularly famous example is the Cobra effect . From Wikipedia:
The term cobra effect stems from an anecdote set at the time of British rule
of colonial India. The British government was concerned about the number
of venomous cobra snakes in Delhi. The government therefore offered a
bounty for every dead cobra. Initially this was a successful strategy as large

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11/28/2014

(4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? - Quora
numbers of snakes were killed for the reward. Eventually, however,
enterprising persons began to breed cobras for the income. When the
government became aware of this, the reward program was scrapped,
causing the cobra breeders to set the now-worthless snakes free. As a result,
the wild cobra population further increased. The apparent solution for the
problem made the situation even worse.

Written 23 Jan.
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Aaron Ellis, Screenwriter
743 upvotes by Will Wister, Bill McDonald, Colin Goltra, (more)

A twofold example of Invasion Biology.
In 1936, the giant African snail was introduced to Hawaii. These snails have
pretty shells, so they make for nice garden decorations. But within ten years,
the giant African snail became a major pest throughout the Hawaiian Islands.
To combat the damage caused by the giant African snail, in 1955 the Hawaii
State Department of Agriculture decided to introduce the rosy wolfsnail, a
carnivorous snail native to the Southern United States,

What they didn't fully realize is that wolfsnails are not just predators, but they
are voracious eaters and they're very fast (for snails, anyway). They also have a
high reproductive rate. The wolfsnail hunted the giant African snail, but they
also viciously hunted all of the local species, including the Oahu tree snail. In
less than a year, the wolf snail hunted many of the indigenous Hawaiian tree
snails to extinction.
To date, the Oahu tree snails remain an endangered species. The rosy
wolfsnails still remain a problem.
http://www.columbia.edu/itc/cerc...
Updated 12 Feb.
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(4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? - Quora

Luke Bornheimer, Product Designer, Nickel (nick... (more)
1.3k upvotes by Colin Jensen, Abhinav Maurya, Will Wister, (more)

In 2008, Airbus made the new A380 quieter than any previouslymanufacturered plane in an effort to improve passenger experience.
Unfortunately, Airbus didn't realize until after they shipped the aircraft that
the quieter cabin resulted in more unpleasant sound for passengers, in the
form of bathroom noise, talking and other audible sounds (e.g. coughing,
sneezing, crying). The result was a worse experience for both passengers and
pilots, and caused Airbus to recall some of the fleet and reengineer the A380
once more to add more sound back to the cabin.
More info in the following articles and posts:
gizmodo.com/5106074/airbus-a380-interior-too-quiet-eliminatesprecious-privacy
cbsnews.com/storysynopsis.rbml?pageType=moneywatch
&catid=33540478&feed_id=76&videofeed=43
seattlepi.com/business/article/The-Insider-Airbus-A380-cabin-may-betoo-quiet-1294016.php
wired.com/autopia/2008/12/a380-is-so-quie/
Written 13 Sep, 2012.
Upvote 1.3k

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Jeremy Arnold, A living unintended consequence.
107 upvotes by Ian McCullough, Boris Krstic, Samuel Yusim, (more)

How about the greatest bit of irony in modern history?
A failed entrepreneur saw a golden opportunity. A reluctant
institution needed his help. The result ruined both of them, and
changed the world forever.
In the 1430's, the Catholic Church had a growing problem. One of its primary
methods of fundraising was the sale of indulgences. The trouble was that these
physical certificates were slow to produce by hand. Given that every able scribe
in Europe was already fully employed, they were running out of options.
In 1439, a plucky little fellow named Johannes was having his own troubles.
His most recent endeavour had been creating "special" mirrors to sell to
pilgrims. He claimed they mystically reflected "holy light" from religious relics.
He expected to sell out easily.
It so happened that a large collection of relics was due to show in Aachen that
year. Johannes was, as it were, cashing in on a fad. Sadly, due to a confluence
of circumstances, the pilgrimage never happened and his mirrors didn't sell.
This created a problem. Johannes had funded the mirrors with someone else's
money. Without revenues, he had no means of repayment. That said, he was a
crafty sort, and he soon found a way out. He told his investors that, though he
was penniless, he had a valuable "secret" he could share instead. There was a
sure windfall to be made, and he had the inside track.
Johannes, it seems, had realized the church's plight. And it just so happens that
he had been exposed to various technologies that he realized could be tied
together to solve their problem -- and, in doing so, make him a very rich man.
So with the help of a few rounds of investment, his little printing start-up got
rolling. By no later than 1454, he was helping the Church to produce
indulgences by the boatload. Given that their average cost was about 1/400th
of a hand-drawn alternative, they sold very, very well. Some single prints were
of as many as 200,000 copies.
Johannes had nobler ambitions, too. In 1455, he began putting the finishing
touches on his magnum opus: the 42-line Gutenberg Bible. Some 180 copies in
all. He knew they were masterpieces unlike the world had ever seen. With just
a handful left to complete, he would soon sell them for a king's ransom and be
a debt-free man.

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(4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? - Quora
Then, drama suddenly ensued. Before he could sell the Bibles, his primary
investor called in his loan, claiming that his funds had been misspent and that
interest payments had gone unmade. Johannes was taken to court to pay back
a little over 2,000 guilders. Given that the average annual salary of his day was
10 guilders, he was ruined.
The investor won the suit and walked away with a promise for partial
reimbursement, along with complete ownership of the physical printing-press
and the mostly-completed Bibles. He then hired Johannes' old apprentice and
set up the world's first publishing-house. The Bibles, unsurprisingly, sold
quickly and for high prices. Johannes, meanwhile, faded to relative obscurity
(in his own day).
One side-effect of the lawsuit was that Johannes' printing-press design went
public. Unable to protect it, copy-cats began popping up all over Europe. There
was a huge pent-up demand for printed goods: books, flyers, contracts -- and,
of course, more indulgences. Orders couldn't be filled fast enough.
Fast forward to 1517. In the German town of Manz, where Gutenberg had
founded that first print-shop, young Albert of Brandenburg had just gotten
himself set up as a Cardinal. This was good for his career, but extremely
expensive. To repay the fees associated with buying the position, he had to
make a special deal with the Pope.
The pontiff of his day, Leo X, was heavily focused on the construction of St.
Peter's Basilica in Rome. It was a massive, costly enterprise. So Leo agreed to
let Albert sell heavy amounts of indulgences within his diocese, so long as half
the money raised found its way back to support the building project.
Albert was delighted. He immediately procured the assistance of professional
middle-man John Tetzel to get them selling hot-and-heavy. It worked. The
sales campaign that Tetzel came up with was so successful that Germans came
in droves from nearby areas (where indulgences weren't allowed for sale) to
buy them.
Many of these buyers were from Wittenberg, the home of a young monk named
Martin Luther. He noticed the proliferation of these paper pardons, and it
angered him greatly. His response was to draft a detailed argument against
them, in the form of 95 theses.
Whether Luther intended it or not, copies of his grievances were reprinted in
massive quantities and spread across Germany like wildfire (using Gutenberg's
handy printing-press). The events that followed triggered the Reformation and
the overall transformation of European society in general. The Catholic Church
gradually lost its influence, while the rise of nationalism, individualism, and
denominationalism had begun.
So there you have it: an entrepreneur just wanted to find a way to get rich,
while the Church just wanted to accelerate its fundraising. The result left one
bankrupt and the other broken, and the world has never been the same since.
As Paul Harvey would say, "and now you know the rest of the story."
Updated 11h ago.
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Mark Binfield, BS in Economics
593 upvotes by Len Gould, Paul Denlinger, Charles Faraone, (more)

The employer-based US health care market is a perfect example.
Much of the pathological health care system operating today in the US can be
traced back to two government decisions. The first was the decision to impose
wage and price controls during World War II. This had the unintentional effect
of causing employers to begin offering health care as an alternative form of
compensation to attract top workers. The second was a 1951 decision by the
IRS to treat health insurance as a deductible business cost. This had the
unintended consequence of making it cheaper (due to the tax deduction) to
provide even routine medical care through an insurance model rather than a

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You know all those cool shots on Tumblr of really clear water? Many of those were taken at Flathead Lake: http://www. Choices are limited. (more) 1k upvotes by Pranav D Agrawal. Upvote 593 Downvote Comments 6+ Share 2 Jann Hoke.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Pricing is utterly opaque.. which I've incorporated above. Writer. The system is bloated with administrators whose only job is to decide who pays for what services (a moot question in either a fee-for-service or a single-payer model. As a result we live with all kinds of inefficiencies and unfairness.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 5/40 . Charles Faraone. Montana. Jaime Fuhrman.Quora fee-for-service model. Flathead Lake is the largest natural freshwater lake west of the Mississippi River (in the lower 48. 2013. Method: Trying to feed them. to the point where we think of not having health insurance as being almost equivalent to not having access to medical care.) Flathead Lake is famous for its clear water. Emp. as a payment system.quora. This is gorgeous Flathead Lake. about 100 miles from Missoula. only makes sense for large unexpected costs. Updated 20 Nov. Bigger than Lake Tahoe. most pristine lakes in the world. After 1951 the entire health care system was slowly taken over by insurance. Incentives are distorted. Movie/Book critic.) And all this from what seemed like sensible enough answers sixty years ago to wartime inflation and an arcane question of tax policy. It is one of the cleanest. (more) Unintended consequence: Screwing up the native fish population in Flathead Lake. Thanks to Murray Godfrey for providing corrections and additional context in the comments section. Insurance..

For decades the Lake Trout existed as a minority fish species alongside the native Westslope Cutthroat Trout: http://www.Quora Since it's so gorgeous.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 6/40 .11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .quora. the lake is a huge attraction for fishermen and brings in beaucoup tourist bucks for the state. TPTB (The Powers That Be ) thought it would be a great idea to introduce Lake Trout to Flathead Lake. as well as home to lots of very cool species of fish. In 1905.

too. so they introduced Possum Shrimp into Flathead Lake as an additional food source for all those trout. TPTB had another good idea. Their food of choice was Water Fleas.Quora and the (now endangered) Bull Trout: Things went along swimmingly in Flathead Lake for most of the 20th century.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . about 30 years ago. They didn't want to be just a trout treat.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 7/40 . http://www. The problem was that Possum Shrimp were sort of ambitious. Then. They thought that fat fish would equal happy fish. They wanted to eat.quora.

(more) The Treaty of Versailles In 1919 following the end of WWI. (I already knew this story from dating a graduate assistant involved in studying Flathead Lake. elements among the victorious powers wanted to ensure Germany was – as they saw it – suitably punished for instigating the devastating conflict. but efforts thus far have been expensive and largely futile. Will Wister. crowding out the native trout.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 8/40 . Paul Denlinger. which are now struggling to survive. The overall intent was a punishment that would ensure Germany would be unable to mount a military threat for the foreseeable future.000 men. Upvote 1k Downvote Comments 13+ Share 2 Brian O'Conaill.quora. those Possum Shrimp devoured Water Fleas to the point that other smaller organisms took over the fleas' spot in the ecosystem. This threw everything off.Quora And they didn't eat just a handful here and a handful there. Danzig among them). There was significant dissatisfaction and lingering resentment about it from the beginning. Certainly this is a sad example of the law of unintended consequences. (more) 271 upvotes by Mallika Mathur. It turned out that the native Westslope Trout and the Bull Trout really didn't care too much for Possum Shrimp. but that they had no choice other than to sign. Among the provisions of the Treaty was a “guilt clause” whereby Germany had to acknowledge fault for starting the war..11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . which is worrisome for the ecosystems up there. but the non-native Lake Trout just adored them. journeyman lawyer/coder/MIT ad. Soon the foreigners (the Possum Shrimp and the Lake Trout) were taking over. the Lake Trout have now taken to traveling up to the streams in the Glacier Park area. a limitation of the German army to no more than 100. The experts are attempting to extricate Flathead Lake from the decline of its native fish population. financial reparations and the surrender of significant parts of its territory (the Rhineland. the Sudetenland. the Saar. All photos from the Internet. The Germans delegation thought the treaty was manifestly unfair. And what's more. There spread in Germany a stab-in-the-back myth that the German army hadn’t lost the war militarily but http://www. but my memory was jogged by looking through the Wikipedia article on the lake and by reading a story in Popular Mechanics about current eradication efforts directed toward the Brown Trout and the Possum Shrimp..) Updated 27 Jan.

The stab-in-the-back myth helped undermine support for democratic political process and assuaged the process toward ultimate dictatorship. ignored/eroded the terms of the treaty. As far as unintended consequences go. I would have to say that Versailles should rank pretty high on the list Written 9 Aug. and indeed remained so throughout. With every breach of the treaty (up to the invasion of Poland in 1939) Hitler became further entrenched in his initially precarious position ultimately leading to the total war that was World War II.C. felt a grudging admiration for the manner in which he restored German dignity and redressed the shame of Versailles – as they saw it.quora. Cofounder. with growing public support. Upvote 271 Downvote Comments 4+ Share 1 Nate Anderson. Jann Hoke.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . banned the sale of single beers for the following rationale: “More often than not. single sales of alcohol are bought so they can be consumed as soon as you walk out the door – turning alleys and backyards into public restrooms and leaving empty bottles strewn through our neighborhoods. Here is a great one-. Upvote 819 Downvote Comments 13+ Share 1 Imal Agazadeh 607 upvotes by Joan Hoffman. Stephen McInerney. Harnessing resentment of the treaty and the conditions it imposed upon the nation. Carl Anthony Jr.  Priced more competitively than a single.recently D. local government is a constant source of unintended consequences." When the law passed liquor stores immediately responded with this: The two­pack.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 9/40 . Barry Hampe. Over the next half decade Hitler incrementally. as well as one of the most unimaginable evils ever promulgated by humanity. played a large part in precipitating the most devastating conflict the world has ever seen. so vagrants can get twice as drunk -for less! Updated 27 Jul. Even many who had been initially skeptical of him. a particularly indignant young Corporal named Adolf Hitler manipulated and lucked his way into power in 1933. CEO of ClaritySpring 819 upvotes by Tatiana Estévez. (more) http://www. and of course the Holocaust. So a treaty intended to neuter Germany militarily and bring about a prevailing peace in Europe. (more) The D.C.Quora rather had been betrayed on the home front. 2013. The economy was in ruins and failed to recover for over a decade. especially by the overthrow of the monarchy.

but instead went in depth. some of the stairs in these small houses are so narrow. In Amsterdam (the dutch capital) there are plenty of narrow and thin houses. The dutch government wanted to increase the tax from rich people. This is due to a law from the 1500s. tiny. so they started to collect tax based on the width of the houses. which had a narrow facade to the street. especially in the 'old city'.Quora Narrow. Fun fact: Still today. that the furnitures must be flown in through the windows with a winch on the facade. http://www. thin and small houses in Amsterdam.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 10/40 .quora.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . The result? The results were fairly predictable: Amsterdam's inhabitants began to build houses.

(more) There is a story that Johnnie Walker Black Label was the #1 selling scotch whisky in Japan. (more) 201 upvotes by Joan Hoffman. The marketing brains decided that lowering the price would increase volume. AngelCube | Investor . why did sales fall instead of increase? Because the list serves to define social status of the customers: if you buy somebody the #1 item on one of these lists it promotes your status as well as theirs ("Look how important I think you are because I am giving you the #1 scotch on the list. Suggestions Pending Upvote 382 Downvote Comments 9+ Share Andy Micone. The category is sorted by price. Futures adviser for TechCast G. Johnny Walker quickly raised prices and their scotch reverted to the top of the list.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . as did sales. Upvote 607 Downvote Comments 8+ Share 2 Adrian Stone.. (more) 382 upvotes by Greg Self. Kelly Erickson.. Melissa Wood.. Erik Halberstadt. Updated 23 Jul. (more) http://www.. sales plummeted. Instead.From Fo. Please be nice to me in return!").quora. It seems that. So.Quora Written 1 Sep. Bruce Hubbell.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 11/40 . Whereas Johnny Walker used sit in the #1 spot on that list it had fallen down to a lower price-point on the list. lists are produced of the Top 10 in each category. in Japan.

with the current rate of maternal death in developed nations being a mere nine women out of 100. but not for the reason you would think. due to a condition now known as puerperal fever. Upvote 201 Downvote Comments 4+ Share Arjun Subramaniam 2.000. energy inefficient traffic signals that were hung in the middle of intersections in the Northeast were replaced with energy efficient LED lights. childbirth was extremely risky. The situation worsened in 1847. with 1 in every 6 women dying of puerperal fever. since they had the secondary effect of giving off infrared light (heat). clever change to the system. were defrosting the traffic signals during the winter months. Then a young man joined Vienna General. Vienna General Hospital. with nearly 2. 20. energy inefficient incandescent bulbs. but he probably saved billions of lives with a quick.000 babies were delivered at Vienna General. His name might not be familiar to you now. that only give off light in the visible spectrum. Semmelweis was deeply distraught at all the deaths from this strange disease.Ignaz Semmelweis. But times weren't always so good. the LED lights.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 12/40 . became so frosted over that the weight of the frost and ice caused them to come crashing to the ground in the middle of the intersection. Written 26 Apr. The statistics at the time were terrifying.7k upvotes by Neha Dar.quora. George Bradbury. http://www. It seems the old. Today. Kelly Huang. childbirth is a relatively routine process. Healthy women would arrive at the hospital. From 1841-1846.000 of the mothers dying. it caused a rash of traffic accidents at the beginning of winter. His name? . including perhaps the finest hospital of the time. (more) The story of Ignaz Semmelweis might be the greatest example of the law of unintended consequences in action. contract the raging fever. and die within days.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . This condition flummoxed even Europe's best hospitals at the time.Quora My favorite is the story of when old fashioned. When winter hit. In the 1840s.

" The cat was finally out of the box.Quora and conducted an investigation in the hospital. The disease could not have been contagious. he found that average death rate in the doctors' ward was more than twice as high as that in the other ward.quora. one staffed with midwives and female trainees. So Semmelweis turned from doctor to data detective. his realization came by accident. were almost identical to those inflicted on mothers with puerperal fever. He was attempting to solve this troubling puzzle: When women delivered babies at home or with a midwife. But as much credit should go to Semmelweis for his remarkable analysis. After analyzing data from his own hospital. which Semmelweis noted. An older professor and a friend of Semmelweis suddenly died by a freak accident. and another with male doctors.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . What http://www. It was caused by "cadaverous particles introduced into his vascular system. In recent years. they were sixty times less likely to contract puerperal fever than with a trained doctor or medical professional.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 13/40 . As he was leading a student through an autopsy. Having discredited all the other ridiculous theories floating in the air. the student's knife slipped and cut the professor on the finger. as opposed to those who were dilated for a shorter time. Semmelweis proceeded to establish some facts. From his early research. first-rate hospitals like Vienna General practiced autopsies as a method of studying anatomy. Women who were dilated for 24 hours almost certainly contracted the disease. The professor suffered a series of grave maladies before dying. Even the poorest women who delivered their babies and then came to the hospital did not contract the disease. he gathered that while different doctors provided a variety of explanations for the condition. There was no ambiguity about the professor's cause of death. none of them really knew what was going on. Vienna General. which had two separate wards for delivery. because the doctors did not catch it from the mother or the newborn. from foul air in the delivery wards to the presence of male doctors.

http://www. Updated 15 Sep. Upvote 2. Some specific ones are: 1. where the constant prodding and poking of the uterus by the doctors allowed them to fester and cause puerperal fever.7k Downvote Comments 25+ Share 7 Tim Scott. [1] SuperFreakonomics ( SuperFreakonomics: Chapter 4 ). But where does the law of unintended consequences come into all of this? It's a piece of sheer irony that doctors. conducted autopsy after autopsy. Mark Binfield.quora. The past half century of foreign aid (from Western "rich" countries to "poor" countries around the world) has produced mostly unintended consequences. The rate of maternal death dropped to a whisper above one percent. Some of the data is taken from the above source. perhaps billions of lives in the process. Suppress normal development of sustainable local economies. But the doctors and medical students who came from the autopsy room went directly to the maternity ward with at best.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Semmelweis immediately ordered all doctors and medical students to disinfect their hands in a chlorinated wash after autopsies. malfunctioning organs in question? At Vienna General. The germs from the autopsy carried themselves all the way to the maternity ward. led to the loss of thousands of lives.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 14/40 . saving millions. a quick washing of their hands. to make sure that all germs were rid of. Entrepreneur 72 upvotes by J. Miguel Valdespino. Kim. every single deceased patient was taken to the autopsy room for examination.B. N. (more) Foreign aid. which. Software Developer. in the pursuit of medical knowledge that could save thousands of lives. but the text is original. in turn. A temporary flow of aid acts like dumping or predatory pricing and destroys nascent local businesses and keeps local populations economically anemic and dependent on sporadic aid.Quora better way to study illness than to sift through the diseased.T.

whose attempt in 2003 to suppress photographs of her residence inadvertently generated further publicity Written 21 Sep. Michael Ames. and enforcement of private contracts together comprise a well-known formula that ensures economic development leading to independence. For example.Quora 2. Why not 85 upvotes by Marie Stein. All organizations resist dying. 4. which they do. (more) The Streisand effect is a primarily online phenomenon in which an attempt to hide or remove a piece of information has the unintended consequence of publicizing the information more widely. Robert Mugabe has been able to guarantee his own re-election by using food aid to effectively buy votes. 2011. 3. property rights. sixty percent of aid money never leaves the rich donor country.. Written 20 Jul. Armies of people work for huge NGOs. Prop up tyrants and thwart progress towards democracy and liberty. Everything about modern aid system drains focus from these essential structural reforms. Political liberalization. which would have to shrink and die if the problem gets solved.. Michael McGraw-Herdeg. rule of law. (more) The unintended consequence that I am about to contribute here is a little http://www. According to a World Bank study. (more) 251 upvotes by Charles Faraone. Tyrants actively suppress local economic development in order to preserve people's dependence on their dispensing aid. Create an aid establishment with perverse incentives. Upvote 85 Downvote Comments 2 Share Diana Crețu. Claus Appel. It is named after American entertainer Barbra Streisand. Upvote 72 Downvote Comments 4+ Share Brian Grimmer. Photo spammer @ http://dianacr.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 15/40 . Divert attention from essential structural reforms.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Adisa Nicholson. It's not just that dictators and warlords skim huge amounts off the top.quora.

They also stopped selling the toys without happy meal purchase. meaning you now have to buy the meal to get the toy. Rather than subject all Colorodans to sales tax. (more) When San Francisco banned giving away toys with happy meals that exceeded a certain percentage of fat.businessinsider. Customers in cities end up subsidizing these services that weren't the purpose of the program.both of which are less secure than letting the user pick a password he can remember. In reality.com/m. where people previously would check email and logoff. Aaron Quinn.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 16/40 . not vary old passwords. Password policies which require people to use mixed case. The hope was to deter calls. it's not uncommon for managers to blow year end budgets on frivolous purchases so that they don't lose it next year. It subsidizes airlines for flying unprofitable routes. they write them down or store them in a text file . (When AOL had issues with busy signals. New York passed a similar law and Amazon still has affiliates there. In 1965. in order to get the subsidy.Quora different.. etc. they lost income tax for those affiliates. Back when hotels were struggling with explosion of dial up traffic. getting that house was still a very nice deal. Use­it­or­lose it budget policies ostensibly lead to more efficient distribution of company resources. etc. amounting to over $180.. He would get her house after her death.500 francs until the end. Not only did Colorado not get the sales tax revenue. numbers. No such thing as a sure investment.) Colorado tried to use affiliates to create a taxable nexus for sales tax purposes. exacerbating those issues. Passwords that follow these rules are theoretically more secure. people would likewise line camp. a lot more than what the house was worth. Even if she lived to be 100. This ended up putting much more stress on the phone systems. these companies have exploited the system to offer free conferencing services. The contract lasted for 32 years. many implemented a $1 surcharge on local calls. carriers must fly. Amazon got rid of Colorado affiliates. Often they will fly empty planes back and forth. Jeanne Calment .000.quora. Adam Bossy. free international calls. Most of us are aware of a system that is in place in many parts of the world. it is terrible for the environment. The essential air service program was designed ostensibly to bring air service to rural communities. Instead. This doesn't always backfire. but I think is worth sharing. they started keeping the line open indefinitely to avoid subsequent $1 charges.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . and had the longest (confirmed) lifespan of a human. Not only does this waste money. where an old person with no family or relatives will employ someone for help / nursing until they die and then leave them their house as compensation. and in the meanwhile he would give her an amount of 2.500 francs monthly. she actually outlived the lawyer who died of cancer at 77. Written 15 Sep. CEO. http://www. a 90 year old French lady who had no heirs signed a contract of such kind with a 46 year old lawyer. She lived to be 122 years. it also exacerbates congestion at hub airports. The higher termination fees for rural phone companies were supposed to offset higher costs of operating in rural areas. and his wife continued paying the 2. special characters. But because people can't remember them. reDesign mobile 399 upvotes by Tim Haines. http://www. Instead. Upvote 251 Downvote Comments 7+ Share 1 Rakesh Agrawal. McDonald's responded by offering the toys with purchase of a happy meal and a 10 cent contribution to charity. Except she lived a little longer.

resulting in an increase in homelessness.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 17/40 . Here are a few: 1. Jim Seidman. not that that mattered because they had nothing to eat anyway. Charles Faraone.quora. Upvote 459 Downvote Share 1 Oby Sumampouw 466 upvotes by Kayce Basques. Not for Reproduction. In 1950s. Mao thought this was a waste and was causing yields to be reduced. Backyard Furnaces Mao insisted that steel production be increased so as to catch up with the industrialized world. and it left people without pots and pans in which to cook. resulting in mass starvation. crop production dropped drastically and further added to the already desperate food shortages. 3. The population was booming and resources in short supply. The "Four Pests" Campaign During the Great Leap Forward Mao introduced a new hygiene initiative that targeted rats. The latter were considered a pest because they fed on grain. owing to a cultural preference for boys. mosquitoes and sparrows. but it’s led to all manner of social problems since. 2011. That's a lot of guys who are never going to get married or find girlfriends. http://www. The DDT killed the malaria bearing mosquitos but also killed the parasitic wasp that kept thatch-eating caterpillars under control. dangerous backstreet abortions (and government forced abortions) and child abduction. it's led to a rise in female infanticide. devouring entire crop fields as they went. except that in order to meet his high steel production targets ordinary people were roped in and made to melt down every scrap of metal that could be found in small furnaces. and that one child has to provide financial support for two elderly parents alone whereas previously the burden would have been shared among the siblings. a malaria outbreak occurred among Borneo's Dayak people. Having diverted so many millions of farmers from their fields for his steel drive. Doing so however meant that there were no birds to eat the locusts that fed on the crop as it grew. wouldn't it? Well. family-planning policy may have seemed like a good idea. By the time the CCP realised its mistake it was too late. so a policy that could curb the birth rate was proposed. Although it was never. applied to everyone. Locust swarms had taken over the country. Updated 18 Sep. (more) I thought this story is pretty cute. which can't be good for their development. Nice idea. Jon Mixon. but sharp cracks and then wild screaming followed as people's roofs caved in. Epic fail. Kayomars N. Targets were met but most of it was worthless metal. Moderate fail. it is if you disregard the fact that. bloodsucking mosquitoes was stilled. So. Nobody had noticed that the sparrows found them a delicacy too. In turn this has caused a gender imbalance of roughly 120 men for every 100 women.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . He thereby ordered that all sparrows be culled. They'd also cut down trees and used the wood from people's houses to fuel the furnaces. There's also the phenomenon of the "Little Emperors" as Chinese kids get spoiled and don't learn to stand on their own two feet. One­Child Policy China’s one-child. Epic fail. The World Health Organization (WHO) tried to alleviate the problem by spraying the Dayak people's thatch-roofed huts with DDT. it's been widely-implemented enough to have prevented an estimated 400 million births (this is the uppermost estimate). Upvote 399 Downvote Comments 11+ Share 1 Andy Warwick. flies. 2012. (more) Mao Ze Dong and his Chinese Communist Party have proven themselves masters of this particular law on occasion. as is often erroneously believed. it would seem to be a success. At nightfall the buzz of the malarial.Quora Updated 2 Dec. Batliwalla. 2. I voted once 459 upvotes by Charles Faraone. which the farmers obviously sowed in their fields. with several policies that started out with good intentions only to spiral out of control.

Marie Stein.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 18/40 . Before too long. A lot of new cats. The geckos ate the toxic mosquitos. Then the cats died. The neighborhood cats.quora. New cats. toe-biting mosquitoes. (hundreds of millions of people in Europe died because of this plague. see Black Death ) So what was the World Health Organization to do? They were afraid of additional disasters that might occur if they poisoned the rats. thinks science is cool. With their primary predators gone. 74 upvotes by Mark Binfield. But how could the WHO transport thousands of cats into a remote section of Borneo? Introducing: Parachuting cats! One morning as the Dayak people awoke and came out of their dwellings." Updated 23 Jul. Stephen McInerney. and they raced to an undisclosed location (for reasons known only to cats -. Normally these lizards can race over water for yards.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Charles Faraone. Someone finally had the bright idea that what was needed was to reintroduce the natural predators of the rats. shovel. (more) The 1973 US Endangered Species Act imposed heavy land use restrictions on property where endangered species inhabited. Upvote 167 Downvote Comments 4+ Share 3 Caroline Zelonka. they were required to move at least 25 feet away http://www. The rats are known to carry diseases like bubonic plague . rats and the World Health Organization! --Paraphrased from The good life by Charles Colson.or the aliens who control them). which was designed to prevent any errant smoke from wafting in to the establishment where smokers would gather. their population exploded. or in this case. As soon as the cats hit the ground -. They reeled like drunks on a DDT Saturday night. and shut up. it added a new wrinkle to the law. (more) 167 upvotes by Eugene Lubomir. The rodents were a greater threat than the mere skincrawling. They needed cats. they heard the droning of a slow-flying aircraft. The law stipulated that smokers cannot simply smoke right outside of the place they were working or visiting (the ban prohibited indoor smoking in any public place or workplace.a condition that's more serious than malaria. Thus the rats rejoiced... the cats got around to the business of mousing. on all four legs -their ears went up.Quora But this was hardly the end of the problem. Soon the sky was littered with parachuting pussycats. Joseph Boyle.undoubtedly. ratting and the Dayaks were saved from mosquitoes. These restrictions devalued the property which incentivized land owners to kill the endangered species found on their property in order to mask the appearance of their inhabitence. Written 22 Aug. Upvote 466 Downvote Comments 7+ Share 4 Tyson Rosage. after seeing all these drugged geckos couldn't help but stuff themselves full of geckos.) Instead. It doesn't matter how smart yo. Operation Cat Drop rained 14000 felines down on Borneo. This practice was often referred to as "shoot. Rats were everywhere and they were all scurrying over and through the Dayak's roofless hut. (more) When Seattle joined the anti-smoking ban bandwagon a few years ago.

this prohibition was almost impossible to enforce reasonably in areas where people were likely to do the most smoking.Quora from the building. 2011. That was the first unintended consequence.) In some cases. citywide street cleaning in Seattle.they should have experimented with $1 for the first minute. in a cold-climate city like Seattle where doors and windows are shut most of the time. This way late fees could be a revenue generating scheme as well as a punitive measure! Written 9 Sep.com/Everything. the law has been amended from "25 feet" to "a reasonable distance away. since the social stigma of being one of those late parents wore off. http://www. the late rate at those centers remained as high. Smoke could still waft in. As it turns out. (more) Tata Motors marketing Tata Nano as the "Cheapest car" Tata Motors created a ripple in the automobile market in 2008 by manufacturing a car "Tata Nano" which can be sold for 1 lakh rupees ($2000).11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .1k upvotes by Ram Kumar Krishnan. They implemented a small late fee at some of the day care centers to see if charging the parents for coming late would reduce the lateness rate. Upvote 201 Downvote Comments 7+ Share Kannan Ganesan. which wasn't so bad. Since this. (Note that we don't have regular. Svan Nathan. I have seen ashtrays and the like outside businesses. Note: a better fee structure would have been to increase the charge by the minute -. And though I don't smoke.com/the-books/ as does Duncan Watts in "Everything is Obvious Once You Know the Answer" http://www. how much smoke is really going to waft in? But the second consequence of the 25 foot rule is that it made it impossible for restaurants and bars to provide ashtrays or cans for butt collection.so rather than a fixed charge for being up to 15 minutes late. First off. It was expected to be a car for the masses especially for the people for whom car was a luxury. Moreover. Charles Caplan. (more) Dan Ariely includes some examples in "Predictably Irrational" and "The Upside of Irrationality" http://danariely.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 19/40 . which did not make the owners very happy.quora.. including my own employer. it was so bad. Quizzer and now a Quoran 1. those centers that charged a fee had their late-rate jump up considerably. Victor Lee. So the law didn't effectively work. Updated 24 Jun.. C'mon. The day care providers were upset that parents come late to pick up their kids -thus extending their day without fair compensation." which seems reasonable. it just would be produced by non-patrons. and perhaps a larger charge for more than 15 minutes -. when they stopped the fee a few weeks later. $3 MORE for the third ($6 total). My favorite example is the study of a bunch of day care centers in Israel. The parents apparently felt less guilty about showing up late since they were paying the fee. many smokers chose to litter the streets and sidewalks with their butts. namely districts with lots of bars and restaurants.amazon. Moving 25 feet away from the bar where you were drinking often meant you'd be smoking right in front of another bar. Instead. Upvote 74 Downvote Comments 4+ Share Gil Yehuda 201 upvotes by Oleh Kovalchuke. etc. It became the cheapest car in the world. the owners actually went out in the mornings and swept the streets. Will Wister. $2 MORE for the second minute ($3 total).

It seemed like an unintended side effect for a product released primarily to ease the convenience of people. They marketed the car as the "cheapest car" and it quite literally became a cheap car (in terms of value) in the minds of people. The Innovator's Dilemma is on . Even Ratan Tata. In India. The SEC attempted to mitigate this. people wanted their cars to be a sign of their status in society.NDTV Nano still sold a few lakh units at launch and continues to do so but it was clear that it failed to achieve the heights it was expected to.quora. But one thing Tata motors didn't expect was their marketing campaign going awry. Dustin Ho. It became yet another low cost car in the already crowded Indian automobile market. Fahd Butt. They wanted it to be a symbol of their wealth and prosperity. (more) American citizens often complain about how high CEO salaries are. Ratan Tata says calling Nano the 'cheapest car' was a mistake . I wonder if it would have turned out better if they had based their marketing campaign on affordability and convenience rather than it being cheap. Updated 24 Jul. chairman of Tata group (at that time) admitted that their marketing strategy was a mistake. They simply failed to get attracted to a one lakh car which would just invite ridicule among their friends and relatives that they are driving such a cheap car which would in turn lower their image.. Nat Geo channel even did a Megafactories episode on its production. Upvote 1. As a result. This was something unintended as I'm sure Tata had released such an affordable car out of good will. they increased approximately three-fold between 1976 and 1993. They failed to understand the mentality of Indians in general and why cars were a luxury for some people. (more) 652 upvotes by Peter Clark. and required CEO salaries to be publicly disclosed.Quora I remember that it became a worldwide phenomenon when it was launched and there was a lot of coverage from western media..com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 20/40 . http://www.1k Downvote Comments 11+ Share Adam Bossy.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .

 not more safe.com/blog/pr.quora. This also scrubs a protective layer off of them. (more) 80 upvotes by Will Wister. Phil Jones. "It encouraged other CEOs to demand higher pay. we wash our eggs to clean any possible infection off of them. Stolz. teachers."[1] [1] Source: Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely. The campaigns were a failure and were criticized for confusing children into believing that all people they knew were safe.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . When it was passed in 1918. only 115 of those are children being abducted by a stranger . If you grew up in the United States. the mongoose is diurnal and the rats are nocturnal. The biggest reason this campaign failed is because most of the abuses this campaign was trying to protect children against are not perpetrated by strangers. Upvote 80 Downvote Comments 1+ Share Ashwini Meena. they also decided to import the mongoose to handle their rat problems. We still haven't learned that lesson. Written 17 Nov. They are perpetrated by the people known and trusted by both the parents and the children. otherwise known as "Prohibition".. Re-published here: http://www. since now they had hard data telling them they were underpaid. Updated 19 Nov. As it turns out. Extreme cases : Brennan Hawkins. (more) Teaching children not to talk to strangers (e. the “Stranger Danger Campaign”) may be making them less safe. The end result was that the mongooses wound up devastating the native (much easier to catch) animal population instead.Quora going from 36 times the average worker pay to 131 times the average worker pay. If you are unfamiliar with this campaign. (more) Here's a new good one: In America. which makes it easier for eggs to get infected. The girl who cried wolf. (The reality is though that for every 800. or if you grew up in Canada and had access to American television networks. By the time it was repealed the city had an estimated 4000 speakeasies in operation. ministers. Scott M. the 11-year-old Utah Boy Scout who http://www. 2013. 106 upvotes by Charles Faraone. 2010. watch: 1... Upvote 652 Downvote Comments 5+ Share 2 Robert Rapplean. This was intended to decrease the drinking of alcohol. the city of New York had roughly 800 bars on record..) 3. The second one is the 18th amendment to the US constitution.moskalyuk. 2. such as family members. Americans – why do you keep refrigerating your eggs? In addition to the Hawaiian's Snail menace. and community leaders. Dan Cozma.g.. amateur political analyst and . you may remember the “Stranger Danger” PSAs. Marie Stein.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 21/40 .000 child abductions there are each year.

Most of you might have guessed by now what that product was. Doomed if you do. Being an excellent druggist he developed a product and patented it as a medicine to cure morphine addiction. It finally settled for the another popular product. In 1890's the public sentiment began to turn against cocaine linking the substance directly with crime and other antisocial activities. a veteran of the american civil war. Now comes the even more interesting part. carbonated beverage with the same formula minus the cocaine as a beverage to be enjoyed by people in social gatherings. Updated 29 Aug. headache. Story 1: In 1912 the sinking of Titanic imparted many lessons in safety measures and procedures.com Updated 26 Jun. got addicted to morphine. Sometimes my brain farts a rainbow 149 upvotes by Robert Rapplean. The major one of them was to have adequate number of lifeboats on the vessel. Then they commissioned a group of very reputed scientists who upon investigation found that all these tape drives were situated very close to the ventilation systems. They were not a recent genetically mutated bug. In early 1900s the US government imposed some additional taxes on pharmaceutical drugs. Yes they completely stopped claiming about all the health benefits of it and just sold it as a non alcoholic. Water used in the HVAC systems had these pathogens which reproduced and were transmitted by the air that was blown by these very systems. told his family that he was afraid rescuers "would steal him. doomed if you don't. John Pemberton. In the same year in Chicago a ship named Eastland sank. 14 more than the death toll of Titanic. Now later on further investigation it was found that these bacteria's were always present in aquatic bodies. the world recorded the first cases of new disease called the Legionnaires' disease.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 22/40 . Technology came to rescue and developed a bactericide that go rid of these bugs and the bactericide was present in the water that was used in the HVAC systems. the new federal Seamen'sAct had been passed because of the Titanic disaster. It was caffeine. So the product had to stop using cocaine as ingredient and it looked for a substitute. Daniel Spector. In 1976 . In 1915.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . These HVAC systems created the ambient temperatures and environmental conditions for these bacteria to thrive. Story 2: In the post world war 2 period. This required retrofitting of a complete set of lifeboats. and ironically the factor that contributed to the sinking of the ship was the instability caused by carrying the extra lifeboats. So this company changed its marketing strategy and started selling this product as a beverage. during rapid industrial revolution and modernisation HVAC systems were developed which were Heating. Upvote 106 Downvote Comments 1+ Share Souvik Gupta. To make matters worse the death toll of this incident was 844. What are the odds eh? Story 3: I have saved the best for the last. Upvote 149 Downvote Comments 4+ Share 18 http://www. (more) Some wonderful answers here. It contained 8mg of cocaine in every ounce. I have 3 interesting stories with me. It was Coca-Cola. In 1886. dyspepsia. The product was non alcoholic and instead it had a so called benign substitute which was later found to be "cocaine". They pondered a lot over the problem without any success. Ventilating and Air Conditioning systems. In 1980's IBM witnessed a mysterious epidemic. Machines and humans both plagued by the same problem. This disease was caused by a bacteria called Legionella Pneumophila. This Tin got deposited on the Tape heads of the drives which resulted in the drives failing. (Does 'stranger danger' go too far? ) Sources : Keeping Your Children Safe Online: Why 'Stranger Danger' Doesn't Work | GeekMom | Wired. in which The Tape drives made by the company were failing.Quora was found after going missing for four days. Pam Berkeley." perhaps delaying authorities from finding him in the mountains outside of Salt Lake City. Now the company that manufactured this product did not want to shell out extra money on taxes.quora. The bactericide in the ventilation systems had Tin present in it. and impotence. neurasthenia.

 Jr. It worked. Other refrigants were toxic and/or explosive.) 2. Programmer and Entrepreneur 546 upvotes by Ram Kumar Krishnan.) First he added lead to gasoline to reduce engine-knocking. bans and regulations are the most popular ones. rather than less. http://www. Thus.quora. he contracted polio and in his final days. which protects the earth from UV and excess heat. CFCs were neither toxic. they raise the cost of hiring children. bans force employers to forgo the use of child labor. Upvote 58 Downvote Comments 2 Share 2 Josh Freckleton. Among them.) Next. A recent study conducted by National Bureau of Economic Research on the data from employment surveys (in India) conducted before and after the ban. When bans are imperfectly enforced. when imperfectly enforced. governments in countries where child labor is prevalent. (Notice how you use "Un-leaded gas" today. Al Taylor. It wasn't until CFCs were widely used that we figured out that they act as a catalyst to destroy ozone. Diana Crețu. 1. However. (more) Thomas Midgley. it is still endemic. reveals that : Not only did the ban not reduce child labor. it is not clear that such laws will always lead to reductions in child labor. Updated 1 Nov. In reality.) Lastly. as employers anticipate facing stiff fines or other penalties when caught using child labor. and because they were cheap to synthesize.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . this can have perverse effects. for example in India : Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act was enacted in 1986.Quora Suniel Meena. Devil's Advocate 58 upvotes by Marie Stein. rarely have the capacity and resources to perfectly enforce regulations on child employment.. It also lead to long lasting health consequences because of all the added lead in the atmosphere. Written 26 Jan. Giovanna Lazzari. nor explosive. We're still suffering from this..com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 23/40 . he invented CFCs for use as a refrigerant. devised a pulley system in his bed for himself to help those assisting him. Various policy measures have been taken by governments of different countries to curb this social evil.. they quickly became the standard. a drop in child wages may compel families to supply more child labor. The reasoning provided by researchers in their paper goes like this : When perfectly enforced. should be crowned: King of Unintended Consequences. but it even increased it. (more) Despite a long time of severe opposition to the practice of Child labor. If families send their children to work out of necessity. as it lowers the income for families relying on child labor. and using age restrictions that determined who the ban applied to. This device ultimately strangled him to death when he became entangled in the ropes. . 3. Read full paper here : http://www. Therefore. bans may simply lower the wages that children are paid.nber. Erik Fair.org/papers/w1960. This law acts as the starting point for a legal action against Child labor in India.

The UK now has one of the safest railways in the world. The Mercury Seven were the first astronauts that were pilots selected from the military.A. Forensic Linguistics 40 upvotes by Diana Crețu. Engineers decided that 69 bolts out of 70 ain't bad and that they would hold. the engineers designed a new hatch that couldn't "just blow. about 25 miles north of London. the death of astronaut Virgil I. The mission was delayed multiple times due to weather and a final time because one of the 70 bolts on the hatch came loose. Grissom pulled the pin on the hatch and purposefully didn't touch the activator and waited. a personal hero of mine. (more) Very unfortunately. the hatch was sealed and http://www." It was tested and Gus was scheduled for another test flight along with Edward White and Roger Chaffee for Apollo 1 in 1967. These capsules are designed to straighten themselves in the water. Gus was on a test flight for the Mercury missions in MR-4.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Upvote 58 Downvote Comment 1 Share 4 Ashley Timms. A parachute is deployed before hitting the water and it all went fine. so we spent millions trying to fix one and very little trying to fix the other. they didn't open automatically but they would explode open in the case of emergency. and to avoid any future problems. however. also known as Liberty Bell 7. there hasn't been a single passenger death for 10 years. During this time all high-speed trains were restricted to a lower speed limit. There was a noticable increase in road traffic as a result. people therefore choose to drive as it is cheaper. Four people died when a train derailed and overturned in Hatfield.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 24/40 . The investigation identified that there was a serious backlog of railway maintenance. It's argued that the increase in road traffic resulted in more road traffic deaths than the number of people killed in the original rail accident.Quora Upvote 546 Downvote Comments 8+ Share 1 Olly Benson 58 upvotes by David Yu. The engineers for this mission were stunned and didn't fully believe Gus. Sam Shoreside. Leonardo Pergola. Grissom escaped drowning and claimed that "the hatch just blew" despite there being no emergency. M. How could a non automatic hatch automatically open? To combat the problem. which was named by Grissom. which reduced the number of trains able to run and the number of people willing to travel by train. NASA created a hatch that was so strong that three astronauts died because they couldn't open it. But road traffic accidents don't make the headline news in the same way as a train crash. These missions ended with the capsules falling into the Atlantic ocean. This led to a lot of controversy. Grissom had believed that he was actually facing the wrong direction. Gus Grissom was from the Air Force. In 1961.. Ravi Nallappan. this means more road traffic accidents that has resulted in more overall deaths. The hatch on these spacecrafts was opened by the astronaut when it was safe to do so. TLDR; after a problem with a weak hatch for one of the space missions. which resulted in a huge programme of trying to check and fix all the points etc.quora. Liberty Bell 7 sank to the bottom of the ocean and was not recovered until 1999. But there is also an argument that the increased investment on making the railways safer has come at a huge cost trains are now more expensive. Grissom's reentry went perfectly. Charles Faraone. Written 14 Sep. After a few delays and alarms. (more) One of the best examples of unintended consequences was the effect of the Hatfield rail accident in the UK in 2000. "Gus" Grissom. He heard a thud and realised quickly that the spacecraft was filling with water and sinking.

Right? Well not exactly. All three men died inside. Very quickly. The recently established World Health Organization (WHO) decided to step in to stem the outbreak by eradicating the malaria carrying mosquitos using DDT. who told me this story for the first time in my Energy and International Security class. The three astronauts were heard shuffling around. while Chaffee remained on communication. a serious outbreak of malaria occurred in the northern states of Borneo. Doing whatever they could.Quora the cabin was filled with pure oxygen. Special thanks to Professor Sabonis-Helf. the WHO ended up parachuting cats in Borneo to contain the rat problem. Pam Berkeley. this time of the plague and typhus. Grissom and Edwards were found near the hatch. Professor Patrick O’Shaughnessy has much more in-depth review of this story (and the various incongruities of this story) on his website Operation Cat Drop . (more) There is . Chaffee exclaimed that there was a "bad fire" in the cockpit.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 25/40 . not sure if it still exists . First. onlookers could hear the spacecraft rupturing from the spread and pressure of gases and fire. It turns out that the wasps that feed on the thatch-eating caterpillars were wiped out by DDT. Of note. That’s right. Written 26 Aug. Jeff Wright. (more) Parachuting Cats In the 1950’s. Fewer cats led to a lot more rats. Upvote 40 Downvote Comments 5+ Share Welles Robinson 181 upvotes by Erik Halberstadt. Pure oxygen ignites and spreads fire much more rapidly than the air we breath. Jann Hoke. Suddenly. So the WHO traded malaria for the plague and roofless houses. Updated 16 Aug. they decided to parachute cats. which caused a new outbreak. Presumably. Spraying DDT had some unintended side effects. which is a very large island in South East Asia. Daniel Spector. the thatch roofs of the houses began to collapse. I http://www. it took rescuers 3 entire minutes to open it from the outside. **Let me know if I got any details wrong! It's been a while since I read up on this story. Even worse. After seeing what happened when they tried to eradicate mosquitos using the most advanced ideas of the time. In the end. but couldn't due to the pressure inside the cabin. The flight was put on hold once more due to some concerns and the crew went over their checklist while waiting. they attempted to open it. Problem Solved. Talk about unintended consequences. the cat population of Borneo declined dramatically allegedly due to the biomagnification of DDT up the food chain. When finally opened.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Upvote 181 Downvote Comment 1 Share 2 Rodrigo Losina 65 upvotes by Joan Hoffman.a social program in Brasil called.or was.quora.

others for cigars. to help feed the whole family. the managers would instruct us to have each car pull around to the front of the restaurant immediately after receiving payment if their order wasn't ready yet. and the family will keep receiving the milk. Without him WWI as we know it simply wouldn't have been possible. The times were aggregated throughout the day and the times for each restaurant were reported back to the district supervisor. As a result of this system.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . the worst part. To ensure speedy service in the drive thru. Tim Scott. So. and stopped when the car left the drive thru window. When peace was restored he turned this into a less controversial line of research. Sangwon Hyun. Haber perfected a process to create ammonia using atmospheric nitrogen. the poor kid is never feed enough. Ironically. vilified is probably a better word) for his work developing the use of poison gas in the WWI trenches.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 26/40 . He who walks with thunder. as well as enabling agriculture on an industrial scale. abundant cheap nitrates also enabled war on a massive level.Quora believe. So the customers ended up waiting longer for their food because we had to travel farther to deliver it. and also reduced the amount of time that we could spend productively handling other customers. Many of those mothers sold this milk to get money (some. Unfortunately.quora. Upvote 65 Downvote Comments 2 Share 1 Matt Fernand. "programa do leite" (milk program). causing the timer to stop counting. Upvote 86 Downvote Comments 6+ Share Conner Davis. If the kid gets better. to assure that he will be kept in the program. especially considering Haber's Jewish origins. developing pesticide gases. Then. the family no longer gets the milk. There is a final twist to this. Josh Manson. Haber is now largely remembered (well. drugs. Problem solver 67 upvotes by Mark Binfield. deliver the order and then walk back. saving our species from starvation ('Food from the air!') . (more) Surely the life of Fritz Haber deserves a mention here? At the turn of the last century. Written 11 Aug. walk up to the front. his research in this field laid the foundations for the Zyklon process. http://www. whatever). Diana Crețu. providing Germany with a cheap source of poison gas for use in the Holocaust.an act which won him a Nobel Prize. rather than handing the food out the window. we would have to step out from behind the counter. over-population was threatening mankind as we couldn't grow enough food. a timer was installed and hooked up to a pair of sensors so that it started when the car drove up to the speaker. Mothers of kids with severe malnutrition would receive monthly amounts of dried milk for free. believing that he would shorten the war he'd inadvertently enabled. [Edited for typos and clarity] Written 23 Jul. on days when we weren't meeting our goal time (generally 3 minutes). probably. Now. The world was dependent for fertiliser on nitrogen extracted from mineral deposits and these were very scarce. Written 1 Sep. Upvote 67 Downvote Comment Share Matt Isison 86 upvotes by Al Taylor. (more) My first job was as a crew member at a Burger King.

Written 17 Jul. (more) In Greece there was a policy that homes would only be charged tax once they're finished. in order to evade tax. Fred Landis. Upvote 42 Downvote Comments 3+ Share 1 Jaap Grolleman. Rähul Dhar. ------------------------------------For another very quick example. it was intended for sexual purposes.quora. but not finished the roof. edito. making use of the mirror on the ceiling while lying on the bed. we obviously shouldn't allow them in planes. Congress created the Interstate Commerce http://www. I think there had been media coverage of lap children who died in a plane crash. etc. Ian McCullough. there is a motor inn famous for having mirrors on the ceilings of its rooms and renting by the hour.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Though born of good intentions. While child restraints would make flying slightly safer. (more) Not far from where I live.. So. (more) 69 upvotes by Ravi Thatte. and so the larger effect of the proposed regulation would have been to make flying more expensive for families with small children. And so. but it's actually wrong.cato. Diana Crețu. Since the farm lobby is more powerful than the oil lobby. myscanthis.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 27/40 . (more) Back in the 90's there was some debate about requiring small children to have their own seat in airplanes. Upvote 69 Downvote Comments 7+ Share 1 Simon Olson 71 upvotes by Jae Won Joh. people have used it to perform surgery on themselves.) or cellulosic ethanol. and as a result more children would have died in car accidents than were saved in plane crashes. The only problem was that the new laws mandated the use of corn-based ethanol rather than efficient feedstocks like dedicated biofuel crops (switchgrass. the laws wound up incentivizing inefficient practices and souring people on biofuels. (more) Great question! One of my favorite contemporary examples relates to the legislative history behind the creation of biofuel incentives in the United States. Anyway. Written 11 Sep. they thought about it and came up with the brilliant idea of pitting the farm states against the oil states by promoting the benefits of corn-based ethanol. and succeeding in getting all kinds of new laws enacted which incentivized biofuels. while some other children in the plane were saved by their seatbelts. Colin Jensen. Obviously. Luckily that particular regulation never became law..org/pubs/briefs/. Upvote 71 Downvote Comments 3+ Share Jack O'Connor 49 upvotes by Bill McDonald. http://www. home owners simply built the house. Colin Jensen. Early biofuel proponents wanted to find a way around opposition from the oil states.. the idea was that if we don't allow lap children in cars for safety reasons. Written 7 May. Carl Anthony Jr. That reasoning sounds simple. flying is already very safe. 2011. they won. However. on more than one occasion. Coleman Foley.Quora 42 upvotes by Charles Faraone. Copywriter at Vandebron.. That would have led more families to drive instead of flying. which is much less safe.

would stop the rise in executive compensation. Source: Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely Updated 15 Jul. This included many new roads. But patients were becoming addicted. Andrei Kucharavy. (more) In 1993. The experiment was a failure because many people wouldn't drive on those "haunted roads.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . the average CEO was paid 131 times as much. Rather than suppressing the executive perks. "It's not hypnotic. the media regularly ran special stories ranking CEOs by pay. Written 7 Nov. it was hoped.. Upvote 49 Downvote Comments 2+ Share Piyush Gupta 88 upvotes by Joan Hoffman. This. executives' salaries sky-rocketed.org/wiki/Int.Quora Commission in the late 1800's to prevent railroads from using their monopoly positions to exploit customers. What they did was to modulate the groves such that they said "danger!". nor shareholder pressure had been able to stop.wikipedia. As a result average CEO makes about 369 times as much as the average worker . to reveal details pay and perks of their top executives. Vikram Rout. The trend was further helped by compensation consulting firms that advised their CEO clients to demand outrageous raises. and there's no danger of acquiring http://www. http://en. it needed to stop: in 1976 the average CEO was paid 36 times as much as the average worker. for the first time. Since this was in the late 40's early 50's. when they got to the edge of the road. Junkwaffel 158 upvotes by Charles Faraone. In response. And indeed. Upvote 88 Downvote Comments 3 Share 2 Dennis Ferguson. the publicity had CEOs in US comparing their pay with that of everyone else. (more) In the late 19th century.quora. (more) Just after WW2 in Houston. "It possesses many advantages over morphine. Robert Rapplean. But throughout its lifetime. legislation. they started a major build out of the city to handle the expected growth. So the Bayer company introduced a substitute drug that had all the benefits of morphine. By 1993. morphine was used as a pain killer and to treat a wide variety of diseases." Written 4 Feb. boards would be reluctant to give executives outrageous salaries and benefits. but was supposedly safer and less addictive. One of the innovations that they tried was to modulate the grooving at the side of the road.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 28/40 . Nathan Dintenfass." wrote the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal in 1900. 2011.about three times the salary before executive compensation went public. Upvote 158 Downvote Comments 7+ Share 1 Mark Kawar 86 upvotes by Charles Faraone. which neither the regulation. federal securities regulators forced companies. there were a lot of people that were spooked by a disembodied voice telling them danger!. David Chu. But once the salaries became public information.. The idea was that once pay was in open. Daniel Spector. large railroads used their influence over the ICC to control their markets and reduce competition. You've heard tires "sing" when you hit those groves at the edge of the asphalt.

11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .. Many Americans considered tea drinking to be unpatriotic following the Boston Tea Party. Boston Tea Party Written 17 May.. for example. or gas forming. Ian McCullough. Upvote 72 Downvote Comments 2+ Share Yogesh Bhavarthi 47 upvotes by David Chu. professional software develope. the tea act with the assent of King George was established which allowed East India company to export tea to colonies by eliminating the middleman and undercutting the tea importers.quora. Written 21 Aug. (more) Here in Germany: http://www. Thus essentially negating the advantages of saving water. Written 16 Jun.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 29/40 . Tea drinking declined during and after the Revolution. Upvote 86 Downvote Comments 1+ Share 1 Philip Newton. The result: cities often use large quantities of water to flush out those sewers… often using drinking-quality water.. the resulting reduced flow through the sewers has led to problems such as some materials not being transported away properly.. Rajesh S Rajagopalan. (more) 72 upvotes by Jann Hoke. Charles Faraone. This resulted into Boston Tea party in December 1773. resulting in a lasting American preference for coffee. See. (more) Until 1773. Toilets that have two flush buttons (so that you have the option of using less water if there’s less to flush away) is just one example. However. with good results." They called it . Jeff Wright.Quora a habit. Daniel Spector. heroin! Today it's one of the most addictive and dangerous illegal drugs. Wasserspar-Irrsinn lässt Deutschlands Städte stinken (‘Water saving insanity makes Germany’s cities stink’) or Wasserversorgung: Schluss mit dem Wassersparen! (‘Water supply [says]: Stop saving [so much] water!’). Upvote 47 Downvote Comments 4+ Share Anonymous 68 upvotes by David Chu. Vivek Sharma. tea was breakfast drink here in America. But in 1773. (more) Germans have been educated to save water. germs multiplying.

. Several clerks have been killed. Written 16 Jun. Filmmaker. Entrepeneur. it was believed that offices and workplaces would rely less and less on paper printed materials. There is a law that requires that a woman to be hired if she is as well qualified as a man. (more) The action: Several states in Mexico have just passed laws forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages in retail after 10:00 PM on weekdays. and 6:00 PM on Sundays. The result is that if a man is in #1. there may be a discussion about promoting her to the #1 spot. a woman who deserves to be #2 may be relegated to #3 or even not listed at all. Thus a law that was intended to improve womens' opportunities actually reduces them. as workflows and information transfer would be seamlessly digital and http://www. Written 26 Jan.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Upvote 68 Downvote Comments 2 Share Diego Noriega Mendoza. Upvote 40 Downvote Comments 5 Share 1 Edward Wong 44 upvotes by Ivan Gautama.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 30/40 .quora. Vacati. The rationale behind the new law was to reduce the incidence of alcohol-related violence and accidents. This means that if a woman is in position #2. likewise for #3. The Unintended Consequence: Convenience stores around the country have been held up at gun point by people looking to get drunk after 10 PM. Jann Hoke. since I work in the printing services industry: The myth of the "Paperless Office". in order to prevent her being promoted to #1 solely for political reasons.. Diana Crețu. a department has to provide a "top three" list of candidates. it is offered to #2. (more) Here's my favorite one.Quora When hiring a professor. if they turn it down. (more) 40 upvotes by Andrew Koenigsberg.  Original Intention: With the advent of digital editing and productivity tools. Amitabh Adhikari. #1 is offered the job first. Joan Hoffman.

and so on. Look at Microsoft Word and Powerpoint (probably the biggest paper generating softwares of our time). Written 21 Oct. Updated 30 Aug. consume and store information before we can truly move towards the paperless office. To make matters worse. Some of which were not environmentally sustainable. there is no way for politicians to quietly compromise--or even explore a compromise--except on the record. I'm sure many developing economies are still dwarfed by printed books) recently.. the main canvas is still the blank page. "Not suitable for Minors". writer. and so on. The only exception where paper is reducing is probably only in printed books. They have contributed tremendously to the partisanship we are experiencing.Quora automated. This just goes to show that the whole mindset and ecosystem around paper needs to change. not just the underlying technology. sage (. Because everything is on the record. so sue me!) by making printers cheap and easy to use. Daniel Spector.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 31/40 . Quoraholic. 2013. Upvote 44 Downvote Comments 3+ Share Barry Hampe. I'm sure printing companies and printer manufacturers have some blame to share (I work in Xerox. but elect to print the documents instead.. Why is this happening? I believe the main culprit was the digital tools themselves. Greg Self.quora.S. Upvote 87 Downvote Comments 4+ Share Akshaye Badiger.!! 157 upvotes by Josh Manson. retailers pushing publishers to move towards digital formats. And don't blame the pros of paper. And no one is willing to be the first to go on the record offering a compromise. Erik Halberstadt. Unintended Consequence: Businesses and workers have actually been printing more and more paper year over year. This led to the creation of ubiquitous. It was 1921 when 17-year–old Frances Splettstocher landed a job at the http://www. (more) 87 upvotes by Jon Mixon. Either that or the price of printing becomes prohibitively high and exceeds that of digital mediums. flip through. (more) Note: Some images in this answer might prove disturbing to some readers. ADDED 8/30/13: CAFE legislation that exempted small trucks from the gas mileage requirement.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Colin Jensen. Viewer discretion required. Atheist.. When the market for ebooks had surpassed traditional printed books (but only in U. workers can now generate hundred or thousand page documents with greater ease than the traditional typewriter. A paradigm shift needs to happen towards how we produce. being easy to handle. (more) Sunshine laws. gas guzzling SUVs. But many factors come into play: e-reading device technology becoming affordable and easy to use. discounts to consumers for electronic versions over print.. The fact that the information had to be transmitted through paper necessitates its consumption and review by the very same medium. annotate. They have been driving down printing costs through the evolution of laser and digital printing and of course through the massive economies of scale in paper supplies. with a seemingly unlimited digital canvas. We just didn't make the behavioral change management of the consumers of such information to stick to reading such information on digital screens. E-readers and tablets that try to mimic paper based reviewing still falls short because they are trying to bridge a gap that can never be reached. pilot.

so Splettstocher and dozens like her were hired to help produce millions of the watches during the early 1920s. author of a book about the dial-painters called “Radium Girls”. Even as Splettstocher and her friends bent over long workbenches painting dials. Illinois.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .Quora Waterbury Clock Company on Cherry Street. Many of the women pressed their brushes between their lips before dipping them in the radium-laced paint to give their small brushes a nice. “These were the best jobs working-class girls could get. and now in peacetime everyone wanted one. This didn’t bother the girls.” said Claudia Clark. and glowing rings on their fingers. but it had a strange effect: It made their mouths glow in the dark. World War I soldiers had worn the futuristic devices in the trenches. who stole moments at work to paint their dress buttons and fingernails. It was a glamorous job. for she and her young colleagues worked with radium – the wonder substance of the new century.” But some would pay for these jobs with their lives. http://www. no one wanted to hear that radium was the cause. The girls used their keen eyes and nimble fingers to paint tiny numbers on glow-in-the-dark watches that were all the rage at the moment. began to develop horrific symptoms. “They loved their jobs. fine point. But few listened. The gritty-textured paint tasted no worse than Elmer’s glue. evidence was mounting that this naturally occurring radioactive element had a dark side. New Jersey and Ottawa. Even when young women painting dials in Waterbury and places like Orange.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 32/40 .quora.

Quora http://www.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 33/40 .11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .quora.

So the "ban" may actually increase Happy Meal sales rather than reduce their http://www. the city of San Francisco passed an ordinance regulating McDonald's Happy Meals and the inclusion of toys.quora. when they helped scientists understand the long-term effects of radiation. Little did he know that it would quickly be used for military purposes during wars. McDonald's made it so that in order to buy the toy. David Rosen. McDonald's quickly responded by adjusting the offering of the toy--many of which are collectors items--with the Happy Meal as an additional 10¢ purchase. (more) Upvote 157 Downvote Comments 2+ Share 3 Thomas Chekaiban. Art Director 48 upvotes by Luke Bornheimer. one must also buy the Happy Meal.. Nobel created this stable explosive in 1867 to make blasting activities (in mining and construction for instance) much safer. Bruce Hubbell. (more) Probably the Dynamite." The legislation wound up failing. Written 14 Jul. Will Wister. it was not).11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Happy Meals in San Francisco Just recently. (more) Billboards in central Missouri In central Missouri a number of years ago. lover of statistics 51 upvotes by Jarl Arntzen. Shashank Rathi. before.Quora Recognition of the dial workers came much later. thereby making purchase of the meal necessary by law in order to acquire the collectible toy (whereas. a group of concerned citizens got together to rail against the billboards that were "cluttering up the view" along Interstate 70. with the 10¢ donated to the Ronald McDonald House charity. There is strong evidence that he created the Nobel Prize in remorse for his "not meant to be" lethal invention. and their suffering led to safety measures for World War II atomic-bomb workers.. It states that no toy may be included as an incentive with a meal 600 calories or more. to make sure that as many signs as possible would be "grandfathered in. By combining the toy with a charitable contribution. and they started putting together a bill that would limit the number of billboards that could be installed. The makers of the billboard signs immediately went to work putting up more. and the net result was twice as many billboards as there were when they started. Upvote 51 Downvote Comment Share Craig Weiland.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 34/40 . .

As it would turn out.. which the banks had to foreclose.. including their mortgages. Everything was great. you know. What are they going to do with houses? Well. Colin Jensen. so they lobbied for the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act which made it costly to actually file for bankruptcy. 2011. Upvote 48 Downvote Comment 1 Share Evan DeFilippis. all the banks simultaneously realized that the housing market was being flooded with houses from other banks doing the same thing. As a result. bankrupt. housing prices plummeted. and smooth sailing after that. The new law made it to where a large number of people didn't have the money to even file for bankruptcy. right? Nope. manage impact evaluation for p.S.Quora consumption. financial institutions. Washington Mutual . Turns out that there were people who were actually. http://blogs.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .2k upvotes by Charles Faraone. Banks wanted protection from this sort of abuse. Americans who racked up an inconceivable amount of credit card debt realized they could file for bankruptcy to relieve themselves of any obligation to pay back debts. Nearly everyone lobbying for the law was subsequently punished: Citigroup Chief Executive Officer Charles O.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action Henry Add Question 35/40 .. now we have a situation in which all the banks have a bunch of houses they can't do anything with.sfweekly. spending excessive amounts of money on credit cards. Barry Hampe. This also meant that the value of mortgage-backed securities dropped precipitously as well. Because of supply and demand. leading to more than $40 billion of writedowns for U. ``Chuck'' Prince http://www. Updated 30 Nov. (more) This one is brilliant: In 2005.. of course. causing even more people to default on their mortgages. and then filing for bankruptcy the moment any bank started asking questions. of course. these people had to default on all their debts.com/thesni. though.quora. (more) 1. Search Banks lost so much money that they themselves began filing bankruptcy. Notifications4 Home Openfor Questions including one of prominent banks that lobbied for the law in the first place. There were those who exploited the system. So. they need to sell them.

Updated 1 Oct. attack relentlessly and in larger numbers. (more) When airlines started implementing fees for checked luggage.Quora stepped down after losing $11 billion of writedowns on top of more than $6 billion in the third quarter of that year. everyone started using carry-on luggage that was slightly too big for the overhead bins. Stan O'Neal was ousted as CEO of Merrill Lynch & Co .4 billion writedown. removed them resulting in the accidental release of 26 Tanganyikan swarms of A. Following this accidental release.. (more) Africanized bee . This story is merely an isolated narrative of unintended consequences that only is a small component of the overall housing crisis. scutellata.> But in October of 1957 a visiting beekeeper.5 billion. 2011. Creative Director of . Morgan Stanley . the second-biggest securities firm. your bags were returned to you at your arrival gate and you didn't even have to endure the hassle of going to baggage claim. causing passengers to miss connecting flights. Adisa Nicholson. Written 1 Aug. Nowhere did I make this claim. had subprime losses that cut fourth-quarter earnings that year by $2. Deliciously ironic Note .. <. the Africanized swarms spread out and cross-bred with local European colonies. Upvote 1. carry-on luggage was exempt. Additionally. or Killer Bee was a result of trying to make bees give more honey: The Africanized honey bees in the Western Hemisphere are descended from hives operated by biologist Warwick E. However. Not only did you get your bags checked for free at the gate. (more) 46 upvotes by Arvind Shrihari.quora. Central and South America. they have been known to pursue a perceived threat for a distance of well over 500 meters. your bag was checked at the gate and stored underneath the plane with all of the other checked-at-the-counter luggage.. who had interbred honey bees from Europe and southern Africa . and their descendants have since spread throughout the Americas.2k Downvote Comments 22+ Share 5 Alex Sergeev. if you brought with you a carry on bag that was too large for the overhead bins. this also caused flight delays since gate personnel/flight attendants had to tag. store and retrieve long lines of luggage at the gate. Upvote 25 Downvote Comment Share Yalanda Medina. So naturally. Coleman Foley.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? .there are a lot of people saying this was not the cause of the 2007-2008 housing crisis. when they do so. Ashwin Thirumala Kumara. <. m. Kerr . Africanized bees have earned the reputation of being one of the most successful biologically invasive species of all time. They are more likely to attack a perceived threat and. Upvote 46 Downvote Comment 1 Share Charles Faraone http://www. the world's largest brokerage. quantum quant 25 upvotes by Svan Nathan.> Africanized bees are characterized by far greater defensiveness than Upvote 29 Downvote Comments 3+ Share 3 European honey bees .. Makarand Sahasrabuddhe.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 36/40 ... Founder. Kerr was attempting to breed a strain of bees that would produce more honey and be better adapted to tropical conditions (i.. more productive) than the European strain of honey bee currently in use throughout North. Also. noticing that the queen excluders were interfering with the worker bees movement. Written 10 Nov...e. Because their movement through South and Central America was rapid and largely unassisted by humans.. after an $8. etc.

“What happens in addiction is lethally simple. esteem/status) that.Quora 29 upvotes by Piyush Patil. as well as autism. biological programming that encouraged life sustaining behaviors for countless generations of countless species (and delivered humans into the 21st century) is in the process of undermining our chances of making it into the 22nd century by encouraging life-threatening behaviors. Why aren't scientists or the media looking into the possible connections? For the same reason alcoholics. social media. Once the receptors are destroyed. According to Scripps Research Associate Professor Paul J. the only thing that matters is protecting dopamine flow against information that threatens safety. coincide with the survival behaviors exhibited by chimpanzees. safety. Which happens to be the key symptom of all addictions = addicts don't want to know they're addicts. thanks to a an unintended consequence. delusions. Heroin. gossip. approval. reports. and junk food addicts aren't interested in learning they're addicts. schizophrenia. I seem to be one of the few who believe the list of dopamine triggers should be extended to include money. power. beliefs. esteem. and behaviors are actually different triggers that release the same neurotransmitter. cocaine. news. video games. and other substances. and all of Abraham Maslow's deficiency needs (for safety/power. Pete Ashly. So sensitive that a little dopamine goes a long way with healthy lifeforms while too much "overstimulation" destroys the delicate receptors until excessive dopamine can never be enough. adapting to the new reality of addiction.quora. or status. I'm talking about the most destructive pandemic that's ever plagued our species. and internet would be dominated with features. If a form of brain cancer negatively impacted on almost everyone on the planet the headlines. It doesn't matter that our species' future is on the line. denying. The reason for this is that. religion. and peer approval (for anyone foolish enough to try to explain what’s going on to addicts who are more interested in protecting dopamine flow than admitting they're addicts) http://www. tanning.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 37/40 . and a long list of acknowledged addictions to drugs and gambling. tanning. So while it might appear there's an array of different addicts with little or nothing in common. whether its cocaine or cupcakes. Because of the unintended consequence. acceptance/approval. gamblers. very little research into the possible connections between dopamine and addictions to money. the smell of beer. paranoia. discussions. Oddly (and suspiciously) enough there's very. junkies. Kenny. very. our species is in the grips of the perfect pandemic — a worldwide brain disorder that's capable of keeping sufferers from wanting to know they're suffering from a brain disorder. As a result. pornography. caffein. they're actually more similar than most realize. no coincidence.” (News Release ) The unintended consequence can be traced to the effectiveness of the dopaminergic system which owes both it's success and failure to extremely sensitive receptors. and shows about the disease. ADHD. Colin Jensen. gambling. The reward pathways in the brain have been so overstimulated that the system basically turns on itself. nicotine. (more) Recycled from Charles Faraone's answer to What are some examples of a fluke? Short answer: The best example of the law of unintended consequences in the history of humankind is how a highly evolved dopaminergic system backfired with the only species capable of understanding how the system works. TL/DR answer: It turns out there is only one addiction and it's to dopamine.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . attention. and caring about only one thing — protecting and triggering dopamine flow. talk shows. Scientists are currently cranking out two papers an hour linking dopamine with addictions to cupcakes. The similarities include lying. the life sustaining biological pleasure cycle is replaced with a life-threatening bioillogical addiction cycle of powerful cravings and painful withdrawal. Parkinson’s disease. acceptance. esteem.

Consequently. Diana Folt.quora.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 38/40 . who used to position their devices on top of the steering wheel while driving. where it could not be seen by passing police.Quora What is Charles Faraone's definitive post or answer in which he explains his ideas on dopamine flow? Written 21 Jul. (more) Off the top of my head. Adisa Nicholson. one of the best examples of "the law of unintended consequences" occurred in those States that made "texting while driving" against the law (with a hefty fine)---in an effort to decrease auto accidents. The initial result was that auto accidents increased. (more) Law: Road Space Rationing (efforts to restrict the number of cars on the road) Unintended Consequence: More cars than before http://www. began holding it in their laps or under the top of the dashboard. Further investigation revealed that "text-addicts". Darragh McCarthy. Andrew Koenigsberg. they had to take their eyes off the road more often. Lech Dharma. Updated 16 Jul.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . and caused more accidents. Upvote 105 Downvote Comments 2+ Share Grace S Chang 46 upvotes by Diana Crețu. ontologically logical 105 upvotes by Aaron Ellis.

Joshua Engel. Upvote 46 Downvote Comments 3+ Share 2 Brian Walshe. (more) Braess's paradox (http://en." WSJ: Research Shows Zero-Calorie Sweeteners Can Raise Blood Sugar Better professors may receive worse evaluations. a finding that casts doubt on universities’ reliance on student evaluations to inform faculty-promotion decisions. Written 9 Sep. Zach Ritter.) The law's intention was to halve the number of cars on the road. ) states that adding an additional road to a transportation network can actually cause an increase in traffic congestion. Colombia is notorious for its insane traffic.Quora Bogota. 2011. HBR Blog: Better Teachers Receive Worse Student Evaluations Written 17 Sep. 2. and another to drive Thursday through Sunday. 5. appear to respond negatively in their evaluations to the extra effort that good teachers require of them. What ended up happening was that households began double the cars.. The provocative findings are likely to stoke the simmering controversy over whether artificial sweeteners help or hinder people's ability to lose weight and lower the risk of diabetes and obesity. Inquisitive by nature. legislature decided to introduce a road space rationing law based on the last few digits or digit on the car's license plates. Kaushik Iyer.quora. This resulted in keeping the congested traffic at status quo (and possibly exacerbating it) and adding all the negative effects associated with households owning double the cars. Lin. I think we all know how that turned out. or 3 on the license plate were permitted to drive Mondays through Wednesdays and cars with license plates ending in 4.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . Students. 28 upvotes by Lindsay X.com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action 39/40 .. A 1-standard-deviation increase in university teachers’ effectiveness in boosting student performance reduces the students’ evaluations of their professors’ teaching quality by about half of a standard deviation.. Lindsay Williams. "The research shows that zero-calorie sweeteners such as saccharin. Upvote 28 Downvote Comments 2 Share 3 Dustin Ho 56 upvotes by Adam Bossy. Upvote 212 Downvote Comments 3 Share Ben Barocas. (more) America armed Islamic insurgents in Afghanistan to fight the Soviet occupiers.. http://www. (more) Artificial sweeteners may increase your blood sugar.org/wiki/Bra. For example: cars with a 1. especially the least able. Jeff Wright.. on average — enough to significantly reduce the teachers’ percentile ranking at the university.. or 6 were permitted to drive Thursdays through Sunday (the exact law may have been different but this is the general idea. Freakonomics did a really great podcast on this last year which you can listen to here: The Cobra Effect: A New Freakonomics Radio Podcast Written 27 Feb. sucralose and aspartame can alter the population of gut bacteria and trigger unwanted changes such as higher blood glucose levels—a risk factor for diabetes. (more) 212 upvotes by Anirudh Joshi. not particularly wedded to thi. says a team led by Michela Braga of Bocconi University in Italy. Coleman Foley. In an effort to address this issue.wikipedia. one to drive Monday through Wednesday.

. Joseph Boyle. or answer later. 4. In fact.quora. Seoul. [1] http://query. (more) Read In Feed Sanjay Sabnani.11/28/2014 (4) What are the best examples of the law of unintended consequences in action? . and London [2].Quora This has actually been observed in multiple major cities. YOLO 'cept Hindus.4k upvotes by Daniela Rose. get in the way of my imagination. 2010.. Kevin Tang. including New York [1]. Upvote 56 Downvote Comments 2 Share Write your answer. in any way. Interstellar.nytimes. (more) Read In Feed http://www. [2] http://arxiv. 12 Yea.org/abs/0712.com/gst/ful. Garrick Saito. 9. Boston. William Chen..com/What-are-the-best-examples-of-the-law-of-unintended-consequences-in-action Hans Zimmer. Mira Zaslove. (more) I think one of the things that is really great about working with Chris is that he doesn’t. Read In Feed 40/40 . Jack Menendez. Composer.. he works very hard at not having me confined by th..1598 Written 17 Nov. Top Stories from Your Feed Top content on Quora Top content on Quora Top content on Quora What psychological tricks do retailers use to get people to spend more money? What are some unusual features that would be great to add to a new home under construction? What is it like working with Christopher Nolan? Garrick Saito 93 upvotes by Anya Deason..4k upvotes by Eric Kolovson.

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