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**PHY1321/1331 exam
**

Page 1 out of 10

Principles of Physics I

PHY1321

PHY1331

**Instructor: Dr. Andrzej Czajkowski
**

Final Exam

December 17 2014

Closed book exam

10 pages

33 questions of equal value

15 correct answers pass the test!

Duration: 3 hrs

RETURN ONLY THE SCANTRON SHEET!

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 2 out of 10

1

2

**3kg mass rests on the flat surface while being acted on by the vertical 10N force
**

as. If g=9.9m/s2 the normal force acting on this body is equal to :

A 39.7N

B 29.4N

C 3.94N

D 0N

E 2.94 N

Two friends pull on the rope from opposite sides. If they are not moving with

respect to each other and one of them pulls with the force of 300N the tension in

the rope is___

a) 300N

b) 0N

e) none of the above

3.

3kg

c)600N

d) it is impossible to answer

If A = 12i − 16j and B = −24i + 10j , what is the direction (with respect to the X axis) of the

vector C = 2A − B ?

a) –49°

b) –41°

c) –90°

d) +49°

e) +221°

v

4

**. At which point on the velocity-time graph is the
**

acceleration negative?

a. A

b. B

c. C

d. D

e. E

C

E

B

A

t

5

**In the elastic collision of two or more particles the following are conserved:
**

A mass

B linear momentum C kinetic energy

D all of the above

E none of the above

6

**Three rods of length L and mass M each, and the
**

point-particle of mass M, are placed as shown

below. The coordinates of the centre of mass of

such

system are:

A

xCOM = L/4

yCOM = - L/4

B

xCOM = -L/2 yCOM = L/2

C

xCOM = -L/4 yCOM = -L/2

D

xCOM = -L/4 yCOM = L/4

E

none of the above

7.

D

y

L/2

L/2

-L/2

x

**A cart of mass 2kg moving at speed +5m/s collides with another stationary cart of mass
**

3kg on air track (no friction), and the two stick together after the collision. What is

their velocity after colliding?

A 2 m/s

B 1m/s

C -1m/s

D -2m/s

E none of the above

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 3 out of 10

8.

**The specific heat at constant volume at 0°C of one mole of a diatomic gas is
**

a.

9.

1

R.

2

c.

3

R.

2

d.2R.

e.

B 40J

C 54J

D 60J

E 64 J

P (Pa)

**A reversible heat engine has a pV
**

diagram shown on the graph.

The net work performed in one cycle

is approximately:

a) 0 kJ

c) 4.2kJ

e) 10kJ

4000

3000

b) 2.0kJ

d) 5.5kJ

2000

1000

V(m3)

1

11.

5

b.60%

c.50%

d.33%

e.20%

B) 36 N

C) 62 N

D) 13 N

E) 52 N

**Some species of whales can dive to depths of 1 kilometer. What is the total pressure they
**

3

5

2

experience at this depth? (rsea = 1020 kg/m and 10 N/m = 1 ATM.)

A) 9 ATM

14

4

3

**A 5.0-kg object is suspended by a string from the ceiling of an elevator that is
**

2

accelerating downward at a rate of 2.6 m/s . What is the tension in the string?

A) 49 N

13 .

2

**A steam engine absorbs 1500 J of heat and performs 500 J of mechanical work in each
**

cycle. The efficiency of the engine is

a.80%

12.

5

R.

2

**A 0.3kg particle moves from the initial position r1(3i-5j -13k)m to r2(3i-5j +7k)m while
**

net force F(5i-7j +3k)N is acting on it. What is the work done by a force on the

particle as it moves from initial to final position?

A 2.9 J

10

b.R.

B) 90 ATM

C) 101 ATM

D) 111 ATM

E) 130 ATM

**A hoop has a mass of 200g and a radius of 25cm (ICM = MR2 ). It rolls without
**

sliding along

level ground at VCM = 5m/s. Its total kinetic energy is:

A)

2.5 J

B)

5J

C)

10 J

D)

250 J

E)

impossible to establish without extra information

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 4 out of 10

15

**Given is the two –dimensional gas made out of diatomic molecules. At sufficiently high
**

temperatures the gas molecules are free to move around within the two dimensional plane,

as well as to rotate and oscillate. Which of the following pairs correctly represents

the average energy of single molecule Eavg; and the Cv of the gas .

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

**Eavg = ½mvx2 + ½ mvy2
**

Eavg = ½mvx2 + ½ mvy2 + ½Iω2

Eavg = ½mvx2+ ½ mvy2 + ½Iω2

Eavg = ½mvx2 + ½ mvy2 + ½Iω2 + ½kr2+ ½ mvosc2

Eavg = ½mvx2+ ½ mvy2 + ½ I1ω12 +½ I2ω22+½kr2+½mvosc2

C v=

C v=

C v=

C v=

C v=

R

3/2R

2R

5/2R

3R

16

**2 moles of ideal monatomic gas are kept inside sealed container at pressure of
**

15000Pa at temperature of 100C. What is the volume of that container?

a) 413m3

b) 0.413 m3

c) 0.111 m3

d) 111m3

e) none of the above

17

**The distribution of car speeds measured by a Police patrol for a particular stretch of the
**

401 highway between Kingston and Ottawa is shown on the figure. Which of the following

conclusions about the vavg (average speed), vrms [root mean square speed], vmp (most

probable speed) and the P (120;140) [probability that the car has speed between 120km/h

and 140km/h] are true:

Speed Number

of cars

85

95

105

115

125

135

145

155

165

175

185

195

205

A vmp = 123km/h; vavg =125 km/h;

B vmp = 123km/h; vavg =125 km/h;

C vmp = 115km/h; vavg =123 km/h;

D vmp = 115km/h; vavg =123 km/h;

E none of the above

vrms =127km/h;

vrms =127km/h;

vrms =125km/h;

vrms =125km/h;

P(120, 140) = 0.16

P(120, 140) = 0.32

P(120, 140) = 0.16

P(120, 140) = 0.32

12

54

100

138

120

70

40

20

12

10

8

6

2

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 5 out of 10

18

**The ratio of number of molecules with rms speed to the number of molecules having most
**

probable speed in the gas of temperature T is given by:

A)

19

3

2

B)

3

2e

C)

3

2e

D)

3

E) none of the above

2 e

**Find the force of kinetic friction acting on the 3 kg block
**

sliding with constant velocity down the surface inclined at

angle 30 degree to the horizontal.

A Impossible to answer

D 5.4N

E zero

B 14.7N

C 29.4 N

30o

20

**In an adiabatic process 16 J of work are done on each mole of a gas. If the gas has 5
**

degrees of freedom, how much does its temperature change? Answer in terms of R.

A) 40/R (K)

B) 11.43/R (K)

C) 6.4/R (K)

D) 3.2/R (K)

E) none of the above

21

**An ideal gas with γ = 1.400 expands adiabatically from a pressure of 365.0 Pa and a volume
**

of 70.00 m3, doing 101.0 J of work while expanding to a final volume. What is its final

pressure-volume product?

A) 139,600 Pa · m3

B) 139,700 Pa · m3

C) 25,710 Pa · m3

D) 25,590 Pa · m3

E) None of the above

22

**Five moles of an ideal gas expands isothermally at 100°C to five times its initial volume.
**

Find the heat flow into the system.

4

A) 2.5 × 10 J

23

3

3

2

C) 6.7 × 10 J D) 2.9 × 10 J E) 7.0 × 10 J

**A hole is punched in a full milk carton, 10 cm below the top. What is the initial velocity of
**

outflow?

A)

24.

4

B) 1.1 × 10 J

1.4 m/s

B)

2.0 m/s C)

2.8 m/s D)

3.9 m/s E)

2.8 m/s

**Find the change in entropy (in J/K) when 5.00 moles of an ideal monatomic gas are allowed
**

3

3

to expand isobarically from an initial volume of 20 cm to a final volume of 100 cm .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

52

67

100

152

167

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 6 out of 10

25

**A heat pump with a coefficient of performance of 4.9 absorbs heat from the atmosphere
**

at a rate of 30 kW. At what rate is the engine receiving work?

A 6.1 kW

B 147 kW

C 117 kW

D 7.7 kW

E none of the above

26

**A bubble having a diameter of 1.00 cm is released from the bottom of a swimming pool
**

where the depth is 5.00 m. What will the diameter of the bubble be when it reaches the

surface? The temperature of the water at the surface is 20.0°C, whereas it is 15.0°C at

3

3

the bottom. (The density of water is 1.00 × 10 kg/m , patm=101kPa

A 1.05

27

B 1.15

C 1.51

D 1.65

**A bullet of mass m=20g is fired into a block of
**

mass M = 4kg suspended by a set of two

parallel strings. The bullet embeds in the

block and raises it by 4cm . The initial

velocity (before the collision) of the bullet is:

A 200m/s

B 178 m/s

C 0.89m/s

D 89m/s

E none of the above

E none of the above

m

M

28.

**The figure shows a uniform, horizontal beam (length
**

= 10 m, mass = 25 kg) that is pivoted at the wall,

with its far end supported by a cable that makes an

angle of 51° with the horizontal. If a person (mass =

60 kg) stands 3.0 m from the pivot, what is the

tension in the cable?

A. 0.83 kN

B 0.60 kN

C 0. 42 kN

D 0.39 kN

E none of the above

Due to rounding issue D accepted as well (the answer was 384.6)

29

**A block of mass =2kg can slide down a frictionless 45 degree incline
**

but it is connected to a pulley of mass M =4kg and radius R=0.5m, as

shown. The pulley can be treated as a disk (Icom = 1/2mR2). Angular

acceleration of the pulley is:

A 6.92rad/s2 B 7.83rad/s2

E 9.02 rad/s2

C 3.46rad/s2

D 3.91 rad/s2

45o

oo

**When solved incorrectly (as if Tension was equal to mgsin45) this will yield 2x6.92 – but it
**

is wrong since T-mgsin45=ma ( lower block has acceleration otherwise how would pulley

have the angular acceleration?

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 7 out of 10

30

**A glass window pane has an area of 3.00 m2 and a thickness of 0.600 cm. If the
**

temperature difference between its faces is 25.0°C, what is the rate of energy transfer

by conduction through the window. (thermal conductivity of glass: kglass=0.8W/(m C))

a) 5000W

b) 7500W

c)10000W

d)15000W

e) none of the above

31

**A thin rod of mass M and length L is struck at one end by a small ball of clay of mass m,
**

moving with speed v as shown in the figure. The ball sticks to the rod. After the collision,

the angular velocity of the clay-rod system about A, the midpoint of the rod, is

A

B

C

D

E

32

mvL

3mv/[2(M+3m)L]

(m + M/6)(vL/2)

mvL/2

none of the above

**If 25 kg of ice at 0°C is combined with 4 kg of steam at 100°C, what will be the final
**

equilibrium temperature (in °C) of the system.

A T=40

33

!

B 20

C 60

D100

E none of the above

**A 20 kg sample of mercury is completely solidified and liberates 231.6 kJ of energy.
**

What is the original temperature of the mercury? (The melting point of mercury is 234K,

the heat of fusion of mercury is 11.3 kJ/kg, and the specific heat of mercury is

140 J/kg•K.) . What is the mercury entropy change ΔS in this process?

A T=240 K

B T=236 K

C T=2.0 K

D T=232 K

E none of the above

ΔS=-19819J/K

ΔS=-19819J/K

ΔS=-19795J/K

ΔS=-19795J/K

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 8 out of 10

Mechanics

→

dx

vx =

dt

→

dv

ax = x

dt

→

dr

v=

dt

→

dv

a=

dt

→

→

→

1→ 2

r f = ro + vo t + a t

2

at =

→

dv

dt

ac =

→

→

F = ma

v2

r

→

F o = −b v

1

R = DρAv 2

2

FB = ρ lV .g

f = µN

→

→

F = −k x

→

→

W = ∫ F .d s

mv 2

k=

2

U g = mgh

Ue =

1 2

kx

2

→

→

dp

F=

dt

→

→

P = mv

→

→

rCM

∑m r

=

i

M

4

V = πr 3

3

i

rCM =

A = 4πr 2

∫ rdm

M

A = πr 2

Fluid Mechanics:

C = 2πr

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 9 out of 10

p = po + ρgh

A1v1 = A2v2

1

po + ρgy + ρv 2 = const

2

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 10 out of 10

Rotational motion About a Fixed Axis

Angular speed ω = dθ

dt

Angular acceleration α = dw

Net torque

dt

∑τ = Iα

ω f = ωi + αt

⎧

⎪⎪

1

If α = const.⎨ θ f = θ i + ωi t + αt 2

2

⎪ 2

2

ω

=

ω

+

2

α

(

θ

⎪⎩ f

i

f − θi )

θf

Work W = ∫ τ dθ

θi

Rotational kinetic energy K R =

1 2

Iω

2

Power P = τ ω

Angular momentum L = Iω

Net torque ∑τ = dL

dt

I CM = MR 2

1

Hollow cylinder

I CM = M ( R12 + R22 )

2

where R1: inner radius, R2: outer radius

1

Solid cylinder or disc

I CM = MR 2

2

1

Thin Rectangle

I CM = M (a 2 + b 2 )

12

1

Long thin rod with rotational axis through center

I CM = ML2

12

Circular Hoop

Long thin rod with rotational axis through edge

2

MR 2

5

2

= MR 2

3

Solid sphere

I CM =

Thin spherical shell

I CM

I CM =

1

ML2

3

Andrzej Czajkowski

PHY1321/1331 exam

Page 11 out of 10

THERMODYNAMICS

Probability of finding the speed of a particle in the range (v;v+dv )is:

3

mv 2

⎡ 1 m ⎤ 2 2 − 2 kT

P(v)dv = 4π ⎢

v e

dv

⎣ 2π kT ⎥⎦

1

v MP

1

⎡ 2kT ⎤ 2

= ⎢

⎣ m ⎥⎦

v rms

1

ρ < v2 >

3

p=

Integrals:

+∞

2

− ax

∫ e dx =

0

+∞

1 π

2 a

2

4 − ax 2

∫x e

+∞

1

2a

dx =

0

ΔEint = Q + W

2

2 − ax

∫ x e dx =

3 π

8 a5

0

+∞

∫e

0

x

x

3

W

P = const

nCv ΔT

-p(Vf-Vi)

nCv ΔT

T = const

0

Q=0

nCv ΔT

γ =

0

− nRT ln

T

W QH − QL

=

= 1− C

Q

QH

TH

ΔL = αLΔT

Vf

Vi

L(melting) = 3.33x105 J/kg

+∞

3 − ax 2

∫x e

dx =

0

1

2a 2

4

dQ

T

Q

ΔS

nCp ΔT

nC p ln

nCv ΔT

nCV ln

nRT ln

Vf

Vi

0

nR ln

Tf

Ti

Tf

Ti

Vf

Vi

0

C p − Cv = R

what we want

what we pay for it

ΔS = βSΔT

COP =

**P = e σ A T4; σ =5.67x 10-8W/(K4m2)
**

Q = mcΔT

Q = Lm

c(water) = 4186 J/(kg C);

π

1

(p f V f − piVi )

γ −1

CP

CV

∈CRN =

1 π

4 a3

ΔS = ∫

ΔEint

V = const

Nm

V

⎡ 8kT ⎤ 2

= ⎢

⎣ πm ⎥⎦

dx =

15

−1

pV=nRT

Change

pV γ = const.

v avg

ρ=

− ax

∫ xe dx =

0

+∞

1

⎡ 3kT ⎤ 2

= ⎢

⎣ m ⎥⎦

c(ice) = 2090 J/(kg C);

ΔV = γVΔT

dT

P = kA

dx

c(steam) = 2010J/(kg C)

L (vaporization) = 2.26x106 J/kg

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