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GROUP 5 COMBINED OPERATION

1. OUTLINE
BUCKET CYLINDER

BOOM CYLINDER

ARM CYLINDER

TRAVEL MOTOR

Px2
3Pi

PL

Py2

dr

Rs

PR

4Pc
dr1

BR1

al1
bl1
BL1

ar1

SWING
br1

AL1
al2

BOOM

AR1

bl2

ar2
dr2

ARM
br2

SWING MOTOR

BUCKET

BR2

STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
SPOOL

4Pi

AR2

ar3

(al3)

BL2

(bl3)

AL2

(BL3)
(AL3)

OPTION

br3
BR3

al4

TRAVEL
(RH)

AR3

bl4

TRAVEL
(LH)

a

BL4
AL4

b

c

Fr

dr3

R

Pi

Fl

HYD
TANK

FRONT
PUMP

d

REAR
PUMP

PILOT
PUMP

36073HC17

The oil from the front and rear pump flows through the neutral oil passage, bypass oil passage and
confluence oil passage in the main control valve. Then the oil goes to each actuator and operates
them. Check valves and orifices are located on these oil passage in the main control valve. These
control the oil from the main pumps so as to correspond to the operation of each actuator and smooth
the combined operation.
STRAIGHT TRAVEL SPOOL
This straight travel spool is provided in the main control valve.
If any actuator is operated when traveling, the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the pilot oil
pressure(pi) from the pilot pump.
Consequently, the left and right travel oil supply passage are connected, and equivalent amount of oil
flows into the left and right travel motors. This keeps the straight travel.
3-23

The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through the swing spool. COMBINED SWING AND BOOM OPERATION 36073HC18 When the swing and boom functions are operated. the pressure in the boom circuits can be high while the swing pressure is low. 3-24 . therefore the oil from the front pump flows into the boom cylinders through boom spool via confluence oil passage by logic valve in case boom up operation. simultaneously the swing and boom spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.2. The oil from the rear pump flows into the boom cylinders through the boom spool in the left control valve. At the same time.

3. The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through the swing spool. The superstructure swings and the arm is operated. simultaneously the swing and arm spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. 3-25 . COMBINED SWING AND ARM OPERATION BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR SWING REDUCING VALVE Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr Rs PR 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 ar2 dr2 ARM br2 4Pi SWING MOTOR BUCKET BR2 AR2 ar3 (al3) BL2 (bl3) AL2 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr dr3 R Pi Fl d CENTER BYPASS VALVE HYD TANK FRONT PUMP REAR PUMP PILOT PUMP 36073HC19 When the swing and arm functions are operated. c) and then the oil from the rear pump flows into the arm cylinder through the arm spool in the right control valve. The center bypass valve is blocked by pilot pressure(a.

The superstructure swings and the bucket is operated. The oil from the rear pump flows into the bucket cylinder through the bucket spool in the right control valve. simultaneously the swing and bucket spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. COMBINED SWING AND BUCKET OPERATION 36073HC20 When the swing and bucket functions are operated. 3-26 . The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through the swing spool in the right control valve.4.

COMBINED SWING. The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor and arm cylinder through the swing spool.5. simultaneously the each spool in the main control valve is moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. boom. According to the state of each actuators functioning. arm and bucket functions are operated. arm spool and the parallel oil passage in the right control valve. BOOM. The oil from the rear pump flows into the boom cylinders and bucket cylinder through the boom spool and bucket spool in the left control valve. 3-27 . center bypass valve is blocked. Then the functions to each actuators. the oil from front pump flows into the boom cylinders through the confluence oil passage by logic valve in case boom up operation. ARM AND BUCKET OPERATION 36073HC21 When the swing.

the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the pilot oil pressure(pi) from the pilot pump. 3-28 . COMBINED SWING AND TRAVEL OPERATION 36073HC22 When the swing and travel functions are operated. At the same time. simultaneously the swing spool and travel spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve.6. The oil from the rear pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the left control valve and the LH travel spool of the right control valve via the straight travel spool. The superstructure swings and the machine travels straight. The oil from the front pump flows into the swing motor through the swing spool.

When the travel circuit pressure drops lower than boom pressure. COMBINED BOOM AND TRAVEL OPERATION 36073HC23 When the boom and travel functions are operated. Thus the machine will continue to travel straight. 3-29 . boom priority and smoothness are maintained because of the orifice. as when traveling downhill. the straight travel spool is pushed to the right by the pilot oil pressure(Pi) from the pilot pump. simultaneously the boom spool and travel spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. The oil from the front pump flows into the boom cylinders through the logic valve and boom spool via the parallel and confluence oil passage in case boom up operation. At the same time.7. The oil from the rear pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the right control valve and the LH travel spool of the left control valve via the straight travel spool.

the straight travel spool is pushed to the left by the pilot oil pressure from the pilot pump. At the same time.8. The oil from the rear pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the right control valve and the LH travel spool of the left control valve via the straight travel spool. as when traveling downhill. COMBINED ARM AND TRAVEL OPERATION 36073HC24 When the arm and travel functions are operated. arm priority and smoothness are maintained because of the orifice. When the travel circuit pressure drops lower than arm pressure. 3-30 . Thus the machine will continue to travel straight. simultaneously the arm spool and travel spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. The oil from the front pump flows into the arm cylinder through the arm spool via the parallel and confluence oil passage.

The oil from the front pump flows into the travel motors through the RH travel spool of the right control valve and the LH travel spool of the left control valve via the straight travel spool of the control valve. 3-31 . simultaneously the bucket spool and travel spools in the main control valve are moved to the functional position by the pilot oil pressure from the remote control valve. the straight travel spool is pushed to the left by the pilot oil pressure from the pilot pump. COMBINED BUCKET AND TRAVEL OPERATION 36073HC25 When the bucket and travel functions are operated. In either case. At the same time.9. The oil from the rear pump flows into the bucket cylinder through the bucket spool. as when traveling downhill. the machine will continue to travel straight. When the travel circuit pressure drops lower than bucket pressure. bucket priority and smoothness are maintained because of the orifice.