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GROUP 3 PILOT CIRCUIT

Remote control valve
(LH lever)

Remote control valve
(RH lever)

RCV pedal

Swing parking brake
Control valve

Safety lock
solenoid valve
Travel speed solenoid valve
Power boost solenoid valve

Main pump

Max flow cut off solenoid valve

Line filter

Relief valve
35kgf/cm 2

Boom priority valve

Suction filter

Pilot pump

37073CI03

The pilot circuit consists of suction circuit, delivery circuit and return circuit.
The pilot pump is provided with relief valve, receives the oil from the hydraulic tank through the
suction filter.
The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the remote control valve through line filter, EPPR
valve, solenoid valve assemblies, swing parking brake, main control valve and safety lock solenoid
valve.

3-5

SUCTION.1. 3-6 . DELIVERY AND RETURN CIRCUIT BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr Rs PR 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 ar2 dr2 ARM br2 4Pi BUCKET BR2 SWING MOTOR AR2 ar3 (al3) BL2 (bl3) AL2 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c RCV LEVER(LH) SWING ARM RCV PEDAL TRAVEL Fr dr3 R Pi Fl d RCV LEVER(RH) BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK PILOT PUMP SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 36073HC02 The pilot pump receive oil from the hydraulic tank. The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the safety solenoid valve through the line filter. The return oil from remote control valve returned to hydraulic tank. The pilot relief valve is provided in the pilot pump for limiting the pilot circuit pressure. The oil filtered by line filter flows remote control valve through safety solenoid valve. The oil is filtered by the line filter.

2. SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE(SAFETY LEVER) BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr Rs PR 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 ar2 dr2 ARM br2 4Pi BUCKET BR2 SWING MOTOR AR2 ar3 (al3) BL2 (bl3) AL2 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr dr3 R Pi Fl d RCV PEDAL RCV LEVER(LH) SWING TRAVEL ARM RCV LEVER(RH) BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK PILOT PUMP LEVER DOWN LEVER UP SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 36073HC03 When the lever of the safety solenoid valve is moved downward. because of blocked by the spool. oil does not flows into the remote control valve. oil flows into the remote control valve through solenoid valve and line filter. When the lever of the safety solenoid valve moved upward. 3-7 .

3. 3-8 . it is canceled after 8 seconds. And even when pressed continuously. the discharged oil from the pilot pump into Py2 port of the main relief valve of main control valve . MAIN RELIEF PRESSURE CHANGE CIRCUIT BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR MAIN RELIEF VALVE Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr Rs PR 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 ar2 dr2 ARM br2 4Pi BUCKET BR2 SWING MOTOR AR2 ar3 (al3) BL2 (bl3) AL2 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr dr3 R Pi Fl d RCV PEDAL RCV LEVER(LH) SWING TRAVEL ARM RCV LEVER(RH) BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK PILOT PUMP POWER MAX SOLENOID VALVE Py2 SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 36073HC04 When the power max switch on the left control lever is pushed ON. the power max solenoid valve is actuated. then the setting pressure of the main control valve is raises from 330kgf/cm2 to 360kgf/cm2 for increasing the digging power.

the pilot oil flows to SH port. this pressure move spool so. 3-9 .4. oil in the swing motor disc cylinder is drained. When the swing control lever is set neutral position. This pressure is applied to swing motor disc cylinder. thus the brake released. SWING PARKING BRAKE RELEASE BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr Rs PR 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING d br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 ar2 b c a ARM br2 BUCKET BR2 SWING MOTOR DEVICE AR2 SH ar3 (al3) BL2 (bl3) AL2 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 PG BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 dr5 b GA B Mu A c Fr dr3 Pi Px1 R Fl d RCV PEDAL RCV LEVER(LH) SWING ARM RCV LEVER(RH) TRAVEL BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK PILOT PUMP SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE PG Pi LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 3607A3HC05 When the swing control lever is operated. discharged oil from pilot pump flows to PG port. thus the brake is applied.

5. TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL PRESSURE BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR DEVICE Dr Hi Hi Pr Lo Lo Px2 Pi 3Pi Pa PL Py2 dr N PR Pb Rs 4Pc A B B A dr1 BR1 TRAVEL SPEED CHANGE OVER VALVE al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING d br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 c a ar2 b BL2 ARM br2 AL2 BUCKET BR2 (al3) AR2 (bl3) ar3 SWING MOTOR (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr RCV PEDAL RCV LEVER(LH) SWING Pi Px1 R Fl d RCV LEVER(RH) TRAVEL ARM dr3 Py1 BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK PILOT PUMP TRAVEL SPEED SOLENOID VALVE Pk SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE PG LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 3607A3HC06 When the travel speed solenoid valve was placed in the Hi position. When the travel speed solenoid valve was placed in the Lo position. 3-10 . thus maximizing the displacement. thus minimizing the displacement. the oil of Pk port return to the tank and the control piston is returned. the pressure oil from pilot pump through line filter flows to port(Pk) of travel speed change over valve. and the control piston is pushed up.

MAX FLOW CUT OFF SYSTEM BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr PR Rs 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING d br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 bl2 c a ar2 b BL2 ARM br2 AL2 BUCKET BR2 (al3) AR2 (bl3) SWING MOTOR ar3 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr dr3 Py1 Pi Px1 R Fl d RCV PEDAL RCV LEVER(LH) SWING TRAVEL ARM RCV LEVER(RH) BUCKET BOOM Pm1 MAX FLOW CUT OFF Pm1 SOLENOID VALVE Pm2 SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE HYD TANK Pm2 M LINE FILTER 36073HC07 When the breaker operation mode is selected on the cluster. Pm2) is sent to the regulator and pump discharge volume is decreased. max flow cut off solenoid valve actuates automatically. Thus pilot pressure(Pm1. 3-11 .6.

the boom or arm speed can be lowered than operating speed of swing. This is called the boom priority system.7. When the heavy duty working mode in work mode is selected on the cluster. 3-12 . The oil from pilot pump flows into the solenoid valve through the line filter. swing reducing solenoid valve actuates automatically. 4Pc pressure from solenoid valve change the swing select spool and decreases the oil flow rate to the swing section by orifice. BOOM PRIORITY SYSTEM BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER ARM CYLINDER TRAVEL MOTOR SWING SELECT SPOOL Px2 3Pi PL Py2 dr PR Rs 4Pc dr1 BR1 al1 bl1 BL1 ar1 SWING d br1 AL1 al2 BOOM AR1 c bl2 a ar2 b BL2 ARM br2 AL2 BUCKET BR2 (al3) AR2 (bl3) SWING MOTOR ar3 (BL3) (AL3) OPTION br3 BR3 al4 TRAVEL (RH) AR3 bl4 TRAVEL (LH) a BL4 AL4 b c Fr RCV LEVER(LH) SWING ARM RCV PEDAL TRAVEL dr3 Py1 Pi Px1 R Fl d RCV LEVER(RH) BUCKET BOOM HYD TANK SWING REDUCING SOLENOID VALVE 4Pc PILOT PUMP SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE LINE FILTER STRAINER RELIEF VALVE 36073HC08 When carrying out the combined operation of swing and boom or arm.