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Montemorelos University

Adventist Theology Facultity of México

Exegesis on Ezequiel 47:1-12

Work presented to acomplish the requierment of the assignment of
Prophets of the Old Testament

Renán Pérez Velasco
October 23 of 2013

..............................................................................................................................................13 ..................................................................................................................................................1 Introduction ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Historical Background ..............................6 Measurements ..................................................................................14 Bibliografy .............................Tabla de Contenido Portada .......................................................................................................................................................................10 Conclusion ....5 The Flowing Waters ...................................................................................................

and what´s for the future. that they might believe that in the future everything will be just like in the begining. This will allow us to see the past. meaning whit this that God´s original plan of errigating the whole world has been change and rain was introduce in the world as a plan B. H2O. THE VISION MUST BE UNDERSTOOD NO HAS LITERAL but as prophecy of finalrestoration. The study of the 47 chapter of the book of Ezequiel it has the purpouse of uncover the meaning of the flowing waters that springs out of the sanctuary to acknowloge the mithic* meaning of this healing waters. has the fulfillment of God´s original plan of keeping alife everything that he hascreated and been sustain by his living word.Introduction The chapters 40-48 of the book of Ezequiel contains the restoration vision of the temple and the liturgy. this could be the message of Ezequiel´s vision of the waters of life that will turn alife every that it gets in contact with. and some of the antedeluvian people. the present and the future of what God wanted the tell his people at Ezequiel´s time. what it mean for us today. also it is important Ezequiel´s visions on the mountain which it makes reference to the mount Zion. he wanted to tell this to his people thru Ezequiel. he was the rock that pour out water for ancient Israel in the desert on their way to the promise land. instead the tree of live that has the power to perpetuate live was taken to heaven during the flood in Noa´s time. The water quemistry from the beginig still the same. . Jesus it is the susteiner of whole creation. * Mithic in the sense that this heavenly design water sistem has never been saw except for Adam and Eve. God´s original design must take place after all. God´s holy mountain.

The prophet Ezekiel. 25–32. Commentary on the Old Testament. and the downfall of the heathen world-power. J. 3:22–24. Ezek. The book of the prophet Ezequiel. Ezek. Ezek. MI: Baker Book House. F. The first. (Peabody.Historical Background Ezequiel was a prophet that lived during the exiled. Ezek. (d) the prophetic picture of the re-formation and exaltation of the kingdom of God. Ezek. because in that first vision. 33–39. Chebar. it has been called by God to profecied to his exiled people in Babylon. 40–482 1 Elwell. The collection of the prophecies placed together in this book. 6 . Ezek. as forming a complete unity. The second main division contains (c) the predictions of the redemption and restoration of Israel. he saw those four living creatures and in the midst of them. 1996). F.1 Ezequiel has a calling to prophesied in the fifth year of king Jehoiachin´s captivity. Delitzsch. C. contains the prophecies of judgment (a) upon Jerusalem and Israel. Each of these main divisions is subdivided into two sections. 1–32. the way that he was call it was glorious and amazed... Canal in Babylonia. 1988) 426 2 Keil. B. (b) upon the heathen nations. who was among the exiles from the southern kingdom of Judah. (Grand Rapids. Announcements of salvation for Israel. 33– 48. Announcements of judgment upon Israel and the heathen nations. has this division and comprehends the entire book. Beitzel. Baker encyclopedia of the Bible. II. received visions from God while living in the area of the Chebar Canal (Ez 1:1). A. namely. MA: Hendrickson. was the throne of God. This visions began in the year thirtieth when he was in captivity by the river Che´bar. W. falls into two main divisions:—I.

first we will consider this: It was a vision. so as to present figures of a boldness surpassing reality. In the first place. and after measured the territory of each tribu all around that city. The vision of th waters that issued out of the sanctuary began. Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house. and his symbolism and allegory are not confined to general outlines and pictures. God take him back to the main entrance of the house. there he saw a man. but elaborated in the minutest details. (Eze 47:1-2) . at the south side of the altar. and ideal representations. and. it´s doors and the wall. and he show him a big building with the likeness of a city in the south side. which has in his hand a line of flax and a measuring reed. with likeness of iron. Discovering the source and meaning of the flowing waters. in the fourtheen year after the city of Jerusalen was taken. in the sense that this vision it was about the earthly Israel. waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house stood toward the east.CHAPTER 1 THE FLOWING WATER In the year twenty five of Ezequiel own age. it wasn´t a vision of things of heaven. After measured the house. couldn´t be easier.4 The challenge will be to find out if this prophecy will be fulfill in the immediate 3 The Holy Bible: King James Version. behold. the clothing of symbol and allegory prevails in him to a greater degree than in all the other prophets. and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house. but it has heavenly revelation. but it was an earthly vision [about a new temple in Israel]. 3 To explain this passage of scripture. God gaved Ezequiel a vision of restoration. and he brought him in vision to the land of Israel. which produce an impression of imposing grandeur and exuberant fulness.

it couldn´t be this kind of water that this prophecy talks about. F. proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.future at the return of God´s people from Babylon to Israel. 5 The Holy Bible: King James Version. (Re 22:1) 7 Henry. it must be an allegory of something else. the keeping of the temple clean. The book of Ezequiel. Matthew Henry’s commentary on the whole Bible: Complete and unabridged in one volume (Eze 47:1–12).5 Considering that this was a vision of earthly things. making a river which leads this flowing waters to the big sea. 6 7 Clark) Cooke.7 WE MUST ACCEPT THE REALITY THAT THERE´S SOME ELEMENTS IN THIS VISION THAT CANNOT BE TAKEN AS LITERAL.. & Delitzsch. This vision must signified something. F. and the carrying off of those waters. Because John later in his writings describing the new heavens and the new earth. This part of Ezekiel’s vision must so necessarily have a mystical and spiritual meaning that thence we conclude the other parts of his vision have a mystical and spiritual meaning also. (Peabody: Hendrickson. a Critical and Exegetical Commentary. G. (Edinburgh: T. it wouldn´t make any sense that flowing waters will come out under a building. C. 1994).. when Jesus will return with the new Jerusalem and all the saints within. . 1996. at the end of the seventy years of exile. A. for it cannot be applied to the waters brought by pipes into the temple for the washing of the sacrifices. Commentary on the Old Testament. saw a river coming out of the throne of God. or at the end of times. M. 4 Keil. for that would be to turn this pleasant river into a sink or common sewer6 We know that water flows beneath the surface of the earth. & T. MA: Hendrickson. It is hardly possible to trace back the idea of a supernatural stream to the ancient myth of Paradise and it´s four rivers. at the end of the millenium. And he showed me a pure river of water of life. clear as crystal. Peabody.

Meaning of the water of life The true about Ezequiel´s vision of these waters in first place will give life [Ezequiel 47:9] to everything that has contact with. D.. 806 . in many particulars. And it shall come to pass. whithersoever the rivers shall come. shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish. because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed. and every thing shall live whither the river cometh. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. 8 Jamieson. R. There are things in it so improbable physically as to preclude a purely literal interpretation.8 This is important to acknowledge for this prophecies are to teach some truth out of the image of the living waters and the temple measures that goes far off from the reality and even the new distribution of the tribes territory. that every thing that liveth. Fausset.The arrangements as to the land and the temple are.. WA: 1997. which moveth. different from those subsisting before the captivity. & Brown. A. Oak Harbor. R.

9 This original plan of watering supplier it points to the perfect God´s design of providing life in the garden and the whole creation. . Inc. and they irrigated the earth. who´s is the only source of life in the entire universe. WA: Logos Research Systems. This healing waters will reach out the Dead Sea and give 9 The Holy Bible: King James Version. this vision has a prophetic element for the future [after the millennium] for until today has not been fulfill.Analogy of the issued waters and the river of the Garden of Eden There is a direct analogy in Ezequiel´s vision and the river that springs out of the garden which God put in eden. but the whole earth will be watered from the fountains beneath the earth. shows the always increasing. and from thence it was parted. because originally there was rain. which it will make the tree of life bear fruit. but this life will be provided by waters of that river. fruit that will perpetuate life in the planted garden. Measurements The importance of the deepness and length of the water that soon becames a river. rather the power will come from God. Israel´s people Ezequiel´s time but for the rest of the other pagan nations around Zion’s mountain. Of course the tree of life has not any power to perpetuate life by itself. and became into four heads. especially the tree of life that will perpetuate life for Adan and Eve. this river will spread out into four arms. Zion the center of the world in the coming age. therefore God´s original plan still envisioned not only for Ezequiel. And a river went out of Eden to water the garden. Bellingham. 2009 (Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Version. never seasing streams of the miracously stream of water that stars out in the sanctuary and began to expand and expand until reach out the arabah [Ezequiel 47:9]. in first place in watering the trees.) (Ge 2:10).

Now the distance from the original miraculous fountain in the temple it is about thirty six thousand inches. I. To go across that river the only way will be swimming. from Latin cubitum elbow. Merriam-Webster. cubit] 14th century : any of various ancient units of length based on the length of the forearm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger and usually equal to about 18 inches (46 centimeters)11 Again he measured a thousand…[Ezequiel 47:4]. MA: Merriam-Webster. Bellingham. 10 The Holy Bible: King James Version. both sides of the river. the waters were to the ankles. therefore a thousand cubits will be eighteen thousand inches.) (Ez. (2003). 47:3). were very many trees…[Ezequiel 47:7] The river it is able to give life to the trees in one side and the other side. (Eleventh ed. and he brought me through the waters. Inc. 2009 (Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Springfield. because the deepness it is enough to drawn.). And when the man that had the line in his hand went forth eastward. but it has been known that fish cannot live much in the Dead Sea. that will be came 1 1/2 miles approximately. cu•bit \ˈkyü-bət\ noun [Middle English. this tell the not interminable source of that wáter of life. Not only the volume it is increaseng but also the deepth. After he measured a thousand…[Ezequiel 47:5] A third time the man measured a thousand cubits and the distance from the temple is about fhifty six thousad cubits from the sacred temple fountain. WA: Logos Research Systems.10 The man measured thousand cubits and a cubit will be about eighteen inches. he measured a thousand cubits. Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. 11 . because it has high levels of salinity. Inc.

S.. & Manson. Hazazon-Tamar. and will keep runing thru the desesrt. David’s place of refuge from Saul. D. & Brown. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Eze 47:10). (1997). Oak Harbor. T. D. R.The river will run in direction to the Eastern side fof the city and will go thru the Jordan´s plain which ends in the Dead Sea.. J. Inc. A commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Ezekiel (470).” Hebrew.. . P.14 En-eglaim…[Ezequiel 47:10] En-eglaim means “fountain of two calves.15 12 Jamieson. WA: Logos Research Systems. Jos 3:16). Fairbairn. P... A.. to comprise between them the whole Dead Sea. (2008). anciently. R. Geographically. now Ain-Jidy. 4:49. (1997)... R. Oak Harbor.12 This will cause to turn alive the land in direction to the destroyed cities of Sodom and Gomorrah and those places around the Dead Sead that there´s no any living creature now. Lange. & Brown. WA: Logos Research Systems. over against En-gedi. Fausset...” on the confines of Moab. R. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Eze 47:10). R. A. WA: Logos Research Systems. Schaff. Arabah [‫( ]ע ֲָרבָה‬De 3:17. W. (1997). Bellingham. west of the Dead Sea. and near where Jordan enters the Dead Sea (Is 15:8). Inc. P. Crerar. WA: Logos Bible Software. Inc. W.. R. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible (Eze 47:8). A. 15 Jamieson. extending even beyond the Dead Sea13 En-gadi…[Ezequiel 47:10] En-gedi (meaning “fountain of the kid”). the Arabah is the whole valley of the Jordan. Fausset. The healing waters will go to the Arabah [desert] at the eastern side of Jerusalen until the Dead Sea and far off in the south side. Findlay. These two limits are fixed on. the desert—or “plain. 13 14 Jamieson. J. and extending to the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea.. Fausset. which is the name still given to the valley of the Jordan and the plain south of the Dead Sea. & Brown. D. Oak Harbor. Schröder.

2009 (Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Version. Bellingham. 2:7]. sufering neither sorrow.The waters of Life that issued out of the Sanctuary The trees will bear it´s fruit in a monthly basis and will never perish and this fruit will be for meat and medicine. . this vision has a direct implication in the Past. God has the water of life. WA: Logos Research Systems. 16 The redeem people of God will be part of this marvelous restored world. neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months. Again man will be able to eat from the tree of life that is inthe mids of the paradise of God [Apoc. Conclusion Ezequiel´s vision of the waters of life that issued out the Sanctuary are to teach principles. this will take part at the end of the great controversy between Jesus and evil forces. And by the river upon the bank thereof. because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat.) (Eze 47:12). thru a river watering the earth. there will not be any death. The vision tells of God´s original plan from the beganing of perpetuate life on earth. keeping those alife. shall grow all trees for meat. he is the one who puts together the H2O molecula and reproduce them in thousands and tousands of millions of those moleculas and put them together to be the eternal stream of 16 The Holy Bible: King James Version. whose leaf shall not fade. causing the vegetation to be a life and the fruit trees give out fruit for the sustain of humans beans. and Future. Inc. and the leaf thereof for medicine. Past. on this side and on that side. therefore we conclude this: 1. Present.

all it does it is to recreat [use. he creates wáter itself. . inmortality will be a reality. these miracously stream of water has never been seen yet. because final redemtion it is about to came. 2. Present.wáter issued out of the Sanctuary. just like in the garden of eden there will be the tree of life and its leaves will be for the sanity of all nations. God creates out of nothing. It is been known that whithout wáter. Ezequiel was to tell the exiled people that even in this condition God was in control. he created the materia. “wáter is life”. 3. man cannot do that. and his original plan will be fulfill and finally restoration will take place. Jesus afirmed to the samaritan women that he has the living water and whoever drink from that water will have eternal life. Ezequiel´s temple never been build. God is the only one who creates life. there will be the river issued out from the heavenly sanctuary. The apostle John saw in vision how that will be. recycle] something out of the materia that God has created. convert. we can not afford to live whithout it. man it is able to separate the 2 Hidrogen atoms from the Oxigen atom but cannot put them back togheter. life it is not atainable. God´s original plan will finaly be fulfill when the new earth and heaven that he is going to created. Future. must be in the future. Yes because any person that is thursty and drinks water now will turn thursty again. God does. because “El agua es vida”. This is the prophetic a element.

instead this prophecy will be fulfill in the new earth and the new heaven. God´s plan of creation after been alterated becuase of sin.) (Re 22:1–2).And he shewed me a pure river of water of life. 17 The Holy Bible: King James Version. clear as crystal. and on either side of the river. 17 In general Ezequiel´s chapter 47 and the waters issued out from the temple are not Literal. which bare twelve manner of fruits. Inc. proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. . was there the tree of life. In the midst of the street of it. Bellingham. will be restored. 2009 (Electronic Edition of the 1900 Authorized Version. WA: Logos Research Systems. and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

R. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on whole Bible. a Critical and Exegetical Commentary . Peabody. 1994. A. & T. Matthew. Delitzch. Edinburg: T. Robert Jamieson. G. F. F.f. 1996. Jon Douglas Levenson. Cooke. A. MA: Hendrickson. s. Theology of the Program of Restoration of Ezequiel 40-48. Fausset. Henry. Montana: Scholars Press. Oak Harbor. THe book of Ezequiel. Mattehw Henry´s commentary on the whole Bible: Complete and unbridged in one volume. Peabody. Clark. Missoula. Keil. Washington. David Brown. MA: Hendrickson. 1976. . 1997. Commentary on the Old Testament.Bibliografía C.