0 views

Uploaded by Rawan Ashraf

\

save

- Math Foundations Precalc10
- 2018-2019 syllabus mrs
- formative assessment bullus
- Year 7 Algebra and Graphs Unit Plan for Scribd
- Alg1 04 Student Journal
- Polynomials, Linear Equations
- 1228483923_2008_Mathematics_Notes
- longtermplan bwallington
- 9780199236817_ch03[1]
- Linear Equation Calculator - Slope, Intercept, And Coefficient of Determination (Confidence)
- Chap1 Glencoe Precalc Resource Master
- 2681 Using Fwd Voltage2
- algebra 1 quarter 1 sy 2012-2013
- 8th honors syllabus-math2018-2019
- maths 13 1
- Weekly Prob
- math
- geomeetry.pdf
- 802d_exemples Interessants de G-codes Pour Le Tournage
- Miki, Kawaguchi - Extended Force Density Method for Form Finding of Tension Structures - 2010
- Article Hardy Cross
- Coordinate Geometry
- Prokon Help
- 12 Mathematics Ncert Ch08 Application of Integrals 8.2 Sol
- TEST - 3 - Coordinate and Euclid
- AutoCAD 3 - Lesson 8
- BUKSIS-4.2 REVISI AKHIR
- Chapter 12 I the Straight Line ENHANCE
- CBSE XII HOTS Three Dimensional Geometry Chapter 11
- Noche de Hogar Dorcas
- Ai Nostri Tineri M Eminescu
- Topnotchenglish PTEG L1 SB
- Guía para el Análisis de Procesos
- action-verbs-flash-cards-2x3.pdf
- contenido_ma3b06_tema3_3.pdf
- Componentes de La DFI
- er6h5478j4567567j
- PDF
- Algorithms
- Control de Seguridad Industrial Agraria
- 2005_Three_Things_Statistics_Textbooks_Don't_Tell_You _Dec_2005.pdf
- Srirudram Tamil Fulll
- Lay Out Neon Box
- 2001
- Pembahasan Soal Babak Final KMNR 11 Kelas 7-8 (Autosaved)
- 328456887-jlpt-n5-test
- Untitled 3
- RESIDENCIAL SAN FELIPE DEPROGRAMACION
- Examen_III Electronica Basica
- Cuaderno 3
- 2-Pedoman-surveilan-dan-respon-kesiapsiagaan-menghadapi-mers-cov.pdf
- CONSUMER RECORD DAily Update & Email to Amcs1
- Inswinger - Wikipedia.pdf
- BIOLOGY Kertas 1.pdf
- 353731609 Higiene Industrial Control 2
- codigo_labo03.txt
- Informe 2 Quimica Farmaceutica
- Necromunda Gang War FREE Event
- Brower-They’d Kill Us if They Knew” Transgression and the Wester
- Brand Cultural Mistakes
- Social Media Platforms Integration
- PepsiCo
- 0610_s08_ms_6
- 0625_s07_ms_5
- 0620_w06_ms_2

You are on page 1of 12

**Equations of a Straight Line
**

1.1 Cartesian Coordinate System

A Cartesian coordinate system consists of two perpendicular

axes X′OX (the x-axis) and Y′OY (the y-axis) intersecting at

O (the origin).

Y

Taking a normal scale on

both axes, any point P in

the plane is characterized

by two coordinates : the

x-coordinate (the distance X'

X

O

from the y-axis) and the

y-coordinate (the distance

from the x-axis).

For example, the points

Y'

are located in the xy-plane as:

y ) : x. In the third quarter both x and y coordinates are negative. Third Quarter Fourth Quarter In the fourth quarter the x-coordinate is positive and the Y' y-coordinate is negative. We adopt the usual convention that in the first quarter both x and y coordinates are positive. Thus we have a one to one correspondence between the set E2 of points in the plane and the set of ordered pairs of real numbers: R 2 {( x. y R} .The coordinate axes divide the Y plane into four quarters. Second Quarter First quarter In the second quarter the x-coordinate is negative and X' X O the y-coordinate is positive.

Then: ( x 2) 2 (5 1) 2 ( x 7) 2 (5 1) 2 x 4.5). y 2) y 2y1 x 2 x1 P( x1. Q) ( x2 x1 ) 2 ( y2 y1 ) 2 y Q( x 2.2 Distance Between Two Points Given two points P(x1. .y1) and Q(x2.5 x 2 4 x 4 16 x 2 14x 49 16 Hence the point is (4. then the distance between them can be obtained using Pythagoras theorem and is given by: d (P. Solution Let the point be (x. Solution d ((3.2).1) and (7.3).3)) (2 3) 2 (3 2) 2 1 25 26 Example 2 Find the point equidistant from the two points (2. y1) x Example 1 Compute the distance between the two points (3.1.2) and (2.y2).5.1) and whose y-coordinate is 5.5). y1) N( x 2. (2.

y) of any current point on it.3 Equation to a Straight Line We mean by the equation to a straight line any relation that connects the coordinates (x. y y x The line parallel to the x-axis and is one unit below it has the equation y = 1. x .1. For example the straight line parallel to the y-axis and is two units to the right of it has the equation x = 2.

i. y slope = 0 2 1 - - x y y slope = 1 45 o x x . The figures below show the slopes of some lines. with OX.e.1. Slope of a Straight Line The slope of a straight line is equal to the tangent of the angle that the line makes with the positive direction of the x-axis.4 The line whose equation is y = x is equally inclined to the coordinate axes.

x PN y y0 y y0 m ( x x0 ) m tan x x0 AN x x0 . Take a current point P(x . y) on the line. The following are y the most famous forms: slope= m = tan 1.5 x slope is undefined x Forms of Equations to a Straight Line The equation of a straight line can take different forms depending on the information we are given.5.y y slope = 1 1.y ) N slope be m.y ) y y0 Let the straight line pass through the point A(x0 . y0) and let its A x(0 0.1 Point-slope form P (x .

Solution The equation is: y 1 m ( x 2) x x y (2.e.e. Graph the set. 3( y 2) 2( x 3) i. y Solution The equation is: slope is 2/3 y 2 23 ( x 3) i. 2 x 3 y 0 Example 2 Write down the equation of the set of straight lines passing through the fixed point (2.2) and whose slope is equal to 23 .1) . Graph the line.1).Example 1 Find the equation of the straight line passing through the point (3.

y2 ) A ( x1 . the equation to the line is: y y1 y2 y1 x x1 x2 x1 y slope = 2/3 (3.2) x y y2 y1 m tan y2 y1 x2 x1 B ( x2 .y1) and B(x2.2 Two points form Let the straight line pass through the two points A(x1.5. Applying the point-slope form.y2).y1 ) x x2 x1 .Example 3 Write down the equation of the set of straight lines having a fixed slope 23 . Graph the set. Solution The equation is: y y0 23 ( x x0 ) 1.

3) and is parallel to the straight line passing through the two points (1. 5x y 13 Example 2 Find the equation of the straight line y (0.7) passing through the point (4.e. 1( y 2) 5( x 3) x x 3 23 i.Example 1 Find the equation of the straight line passing through the two y points (3.3) (0. Solution 7 ( 3) The slope is: m 10 0 ( 1) The equation is: y 3 10 ( x 4) x .2) and (2. Solution (3.2) The equation is: y 2 3 2 i.7) . Graph the line.e. Graph the line.3) and slope = 10 (4.3).

3 Slope .1. c ) c x y (0.1. y mx c Example Find the equation of the set of straight lines having a fixed y-intercept = 1.5. the equation to the line is: y c = m ( x 0) i.5 y (0. Solution The equation is: y = m x 1.5.c).e.intercept form Let m be the slope of the line and let it intercept a part c from the y-axis. Hence it passes through the point (0. Applying the point-slope form. Graph the set.5) x .

b ) the equation to the straight line is: y 0 b0 b i.4).0) and (0. ay b( x a) i. 3b 2 A b4 ( a .b). y ( x a) xa 0a a i.5.e. ay bx ab i.4 Two intercepts form Let the straight line intercepts a part a from the x-axis and a part b from the y-axis.e. 0) x y b A a (3.1. x y 1 a b Solution Example Find the area of the triangular A 12 ab 3 4 region cut from the first quarter of 1 the xy-plane by the straight line a b passing through the point (3.4) x . then (0. Hence it passes through the two points (a.e. y Applying the two points form.e.

5.1.5 The General form We can write the equation to a straight line in the general form: A x + B y +C = 0 This form can be transformed to any one of the above standard forms as follows: A C . B B Then the slope of the line is equal to – A/B. C / A C / B . x y (two-intercepts form) + =1 2. B 0 (slope-intercept form) y x 1. and the y-intercept is equal to – C/B.

- Math Foundations Precalc10Uploaded byHorizonAcademy
- 2018-2019 syllabus mrsUploaded byapi-366582437
- formative assessment bullusUploaded byapi-287884943
- Year 7 Algebra and Graphs Unit Plan for ScribdUploaded byMatthew Rose
- Alg1 04 Student JournalUploaded byalex
- Polynomials, Linear EquationsUploaded byPremSuman8
- 1228483923_2008_Mathematics_NotesUploaded byLexie Trần
- longtermplan bwallingtonUploaded byapi-378527658
- 9780199236817_ch03[1]Uploaded bykayiem73
- Linear Equation Calculator - Slope, Intercept, And Coefficient of Determination (Confidence)Uploaded bybigredweasel
- Chap1 Glencoe Precalc Resource MasterUploaded byDave Reid
- 2681 Using Fwd Voltage2Uploaded byzmrbill
- algebra 1 quarter 1 sy 2012-2013Uploaded byapi-146361236
- 8th honors syllabus-math2018-2019Uploaded byapi-323137723
- maths 13 1Uploaded byapi-230427224
- Weekly ProbUploaded byAuden Jay Allejos Curameng
- mathUploaded bysalman saeed
- geomeetry.pdfUploaded byKaranbir Randhawa
- 802d_exemples Interessants de G-codes Pour Le TournageUploaded byAbdelilah Elmesbahi
- Miki, Kawaguchi - Extended Force Density Method for Form Finding of Tension Structures - 2010Uploaded bygio_can
- Article Hardy CrossUploaded bysofyann17
- Coordinate GeometryUploaded byShanoMiskin
- Prokon HelpUploaded byMikhail Bramdaw
- 12 Mathematics Ncert Ch08 Application of Integrals 8.2 SolUploaded byjaynil
- TEST - 3 - Coordinate and EuclidUploaded bybhawnatulsian
- AutoCAD 3 - Lesson 8Uploaded bySilnara Carlos Sofia
- BUKSIS-4.2 REVISI AKHIRUploaded byF X AGUS SISWANTO
- Chapter 12 I the Straight Line ENHANCEUploaded byjuriah binti ibrahim
- CBSE XII HOTS Three Dimensional Geometry Chapter 11Uploaded byOm Prakash Sharma