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Pneumatics
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"Pneumatic" redirects here. For the highest order of humans in Gnosticism, see Pneumatic
(Gnosticism).
Pneumatics is a section of technology that
deals with the study and application of
pressurized gas to produce mechanical
motion.
Pneumatic systems are used extensively in
industry, and factories are commonly
plumbed with compressed air or compressed
inert gases. This is because a centrally
located and electrically powered compressor
that powers cylinders and other pneumatic
devices through solenoid valves can often
provide motive power in a cheaper, safer,
more flexible, and more reliable way than a
large number of electric motors and
actuators.

Pneumatics also has applications in dentistry, construction, mining, and other areas.

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Preserved Porter Locomotive Company No. 3290 of
1923.

Contents  [hide] 
1 Examples of pneumatic systems and components
2 Gases used in pneumatic systems
3 Comparison to hydraulics
3.1 Advantages of pneumatics
3.2 Advantages of hydraulics
4 Pneumatic logic
5 See also
6 References
7 External links

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Examples of pneumatic systems and components
Air brakes on buses and trucks

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Air brakes on trains
Air compressors
Air engines for pneumatically powered
vehicles
Barostat systems used in
Neurogastroenterology and for
researching electricity

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumatics[17-Aug-13 8:40:39 PM]

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a pneumatic antiaircraft weapon Українська Winaray Edit links HVAC control systems Inflatable structures Lego pneumatics can be used to build pneumatic models Exercise machines Pipe organs: Electro-pneumatic action Tubular-pneumatic action Pneumatic actuator Pneumatic air guns Pneumatic bladder Pneumatic cylinder Pneumatic Launchers. the free encyclopedia Simple English Suomi Svenska Cable jetting.Wikipedia. which makes up http://en. The air usually has moisture removed. and a small quantity of oil is added at the compressor to prevent corrosion and lubricate mechanical components. such as factories. Smaller or stand-alone systems can use other compressed gases that present an asphyxiation hazard.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumatics[17-Aug-13 8:40:39 PM] . Factory-plumbed pneumatic-power users need not worry about poisonous leakage. use compressed air because a sustainable supply can be made by compressing atmospheric air. a type of spud gun Pneumatic mail systems Pneumatic motor Pneumatic tire Pneumatic tools: Jackhammer used by road workers Pneumatic nailgun Pressure regulator Pressure sensor Pressure switch Vacuum pump Gases used in pneumatic systems [ edit source | edit beta ] Pneumatic systems in fixed installations. as the gas is usually just air.Pneumatics . Any compressed gas other than air is an asphyxiation hazard—including nitrogen. a way to install cables in ducts Compressed-air engine and compressedair vehicles ไทย Gas-operated reloading Türkçe Pneumatic circuit. Holman Projector. such as nitrogen—often referred to as OFN (oxygen-free nitrogen) when supplied in cylinders.

The hydraulic working fluid is basically incompressible. Most industrial pneumatic applications use pressures of about 80 to 100 pounds per square inch (550 to 690 kPa). Compressed oxygen (approx. leading to a minimum of spring action. Advantages of hydraulics [ edit source | edit beta ] Liquid (as a gas is also a 'fluid') does not absorb any of the supplied energy.000 to 5. because containers designed to hold it such as soda stream canisters and fire extinguishers are readily available. Safety—There is a very low chance of fire compared to hydraulic oil.000 psi (69 MPa). Reliability—Pneumatic systems generally have long operating lives and require little maintenance. but is not used in pneumatically-powered devices because it is a fire hazard. Compressed gas can be stored. and operate via simple on-off control. Gas absorbs excessive force. Pneumatics uses an easily compressible gas such as air or a suitable pure gas—while hydraulics uses relatively incompressible liquid media such as oil. Machines are usually overload safe. Hydraulics applications commonly use from 1. and offers no performance advantage over air. these systems have largely been replaced by analog electronic or digital control systems in new http://en.000 psi (6. 21% of air) would not asphyxiate. the free encyclopedia 78% of air. Pneumatic logic [ edit source | edit beta ] Further information: Pneumatic circuit Pneumatic logic systems (sometimes called air logic control) are often used to control industrial processes.org/wiki/Pneumatics[17-Aug-13 8:40:39 PM] .wikipedia. Portable pneumatic tools and small vehicles. the slightest motion of the load releases the pressure on the load. When hydraulic fluid flow is stopped. and the phase change between liquid and gas makes it possible to obtain a larger volume of compressed gas from a lighter container than compressed air requires. In recent years. Comparison to hydraulics [ edit source | edit beta ] Both pneumatics and hydraulics are applications of fluid power. Carbon dioxide is an asphyxiant and can be a freezing hazard if vented improperly. Equipment is less subject to shock damage. Capable of moving much higher loads and providing much higher forces due to the incompressibility. there is no need to "bleed off" pressurized air to release the pressure on the load.9 to 34 MPa). such as Robot Wars machines and other hobbyist applications are often powered by compressed carbon dioxide. so machines still run for a while if electrical power is lost. Advantages of pneumatics [ edit source | edit beta ] Simplicity of design and control—Machines are easily designed using standard cylinders and other components. more expensive. whereas fluid in hydraulics directly transfers force. but specialized applications may exceed 10. Because gas is compressible.Wikipedia.Pneumatics . consisting of primary logic units such as: And Units Or Units 'Relay or Booster' Units Latching Units 'Timer' Units Sorteberg relay Fluidics amplifiers with no moving parts other than the air itself Pneumatic logic is a reliable and functional control method for industrial processes.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Inc. greater precision.org/wiki/Pneumatics[17-Aug-13 8:40:39 PM] Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Mobile view . Digital Tomorrow: Pneumatic to BAS Conversions" 2013. ISBN 0-07-147526-5. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. Many pneumatic devices are still used in processes.Pneumatics .wikipedia. "Air Today. potential sparks near explosive gases) Compressed air is the most viable energy source available [1] See also [ edit source | edit beta ] Compressed air Ozone cracking Polymer degradation Pneudraulics Pneumatics Automation References [ edit source | edit beta ] 1. and more powerful features of digital controls. the free encyclopedia installations because of the smaller size. ^ KMC Controls. Pneumatic Symbols DWG/DXF Categories: Pneumatics This page was last modified on 10 June 2013 at 05:04. Privacy policy About Wikipedia http://en. a non-profit organization. however. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. the free dictionary.Wikipedia. where the advantages of digital controls are outweighed by such considerations as: The cost of upgrading an entire system from pneumatic to digital control is prohibitive Safety might be compromised (e.. McGraw Hill Book Company External links [ edit source | edit beta ] Four Ways to Boost Pneumatic Efficiency Look up pneumatics in Wiktionary. lower cost. additional terms may apply.. By using this site. . Retrieved 8 April Compressed Air Operations Manual.g.