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Chapter 1:

Conduction:

Heat Flux = q = - k T = - k {dT} over {dx} = - k {{T} rsub {2} - {T} rsub {1}} over {L}

Heat Rate =

q=q A

Convection:

Heat Flux = q = h left ({T} rsub {s} - {T} rsub {} right )

Heat Rate = q =

h A ( T sT )

Radiation:

Heat Flux =

q = {E} rsub {b} - G = {T} rsub {s} rsup {4} - {T} rsub {sur} rsup {4} = left ({T} rsub {s} rsup {4} - {T

= q =

= q =

hr ( T sT sur )

+ {q} rsub {rad} rsup {

q}conv

=h ( T sT ) + hr ( T sT sur )

Conservation of Energy:

Closed System:

sto

QW = E total

Control Volume (thermal and mechanical Energy):

E stored=E E out + Egenerated

q=mC

p ( T out T )

Constants and Units:

q= Heat Flux per unit time and Surface Area = W/m^2

q= Heat Flux per unit time and length = W/m

q= Heat Transfer Rate= W = J/s

k= Thermal Conductivity = (W/m)K

= Stefan-Boltzmann Constant= 5.67x10^-8 (W/m^2)*K^4

h= Convection Heat Transfer coefficient

hr

= Radiation Heat Transfer Coefficient =

Chapter 2:

Heat Diffusion Equation Cartesian Coordinates:

Cylindrical Coordinates:

Spherical Coordinates:

If K is constant:

d

dT

k

=0

dx dx

( )

Boundary Conditions:

I)

II)

Constant Heat Flux at Surface:

} = - k {T} over {x}

a. Finite Heat Flux =

at x=0 => Constant Slope

q s

b. Adiabatic Surface =

III)

qs

Constants:

Thermal Diffusivity =

T

=h [ T T ( 0, t ) ]

x x=0

k

C p

Chapter 3:

Temperature distribution:

I)

II)

Constant k: T(x) =

T s ,1

T(L)=

T s ,1 + ( T s ,2 T s ,1 )

T s ,2

x

L

b) Heat flux q is independent of x

q = {k} over {L} left ({T} rsub {s ,2} - {T} rsub {s ,1} right )

a.

c) Heat Rate q is independent of x

kA

T T s , 1)

a. q = L ( s ,2

Thermal Resistance:

I)

Conductive Resistance:

RCond =

L

kA

II)

Convective Resistance:

III)

RRad =

Radiative Resistance:

IV)

I)

Series: q =

II)

Parallel: q =

1

hA

RConv =

1

hrad A

r1

r 2 /

ln

Rt , cond=

T 1T 2 T 2T 3 T 3T 4 T

=

=

=

R1

R2

R3

R

1 1 1

+ +

R1 R2 R 3

Contact Resistance:

R}t , =c {{T} rsub {a} - {T} rsub {b}} over {q

Temperature Distribution Tube:

T s , 1T s ,2

r

ln

+T s ,2

r1

r2

T(r) =

ln ( )

r2

( )

Fins:

General Conduction Analysis:

d

d h

Ac

P=0

dx

dx k

Case

Temp distribution

Convection heat

Transfer

d

h ( L )=k x=L

dx

( mkh )sinh m ( Lx )

h

cosh mL+ (

sinh mL

mk )

cosh m ( Lx )+

qf

h

cosh mL

(

mk )

M

h

cosh mL+ (

sinh mL

mk )

sinh mL

Adiabatic

d

=0

dx x=L

Prescribed

Temperature

( L )= L

Where:

Infinite fin

L=

M tanh mL

cosh m ( Lx )

cosh mL

L

sinh mx+sinh m ( Lx )

b

( )

sinh mL

cosh mL

M

mx

=T T

b= ( 0 )=T bT

m 2=

hP

k Ac

M =b hPk A c

Fin Heat Transfer Rate (uniform Cross-sectional Area)

d

q f =qb =k A c x=0

dx

Case

Fin Effectiveness >2

f=

qf

qf

=

q w/ o h A C ,b ( T bT )

f=

Fin Resistance

Rt , f =

k P

h Ac

b

qf

R t , b=

b

h A c ,b ( T bT )

1

h A c ,b

Efficiency f =

*Adiabatic Uniform Cross Section

qf

h Af ( T b T )

Efficiencey f =

Where

tanh m Lc

m Lc

sinh mL

L

b

Where

Where

Where

Chapter 4:

ny

(

L )

(1 ) +1

2

nx

( x , y )=

sin

n

L

nW

sinh (

L )

sinh

n +1

n=1

Finite-Difference Equation

Interior Node:

T m ,n+1 +T m , n1 +T m+1, n +T m1,n 4 T m ,n=0

Node at an internal corner with Convection:

h x

h x

2 ( T m 1, n+T m , n+1 ) + ( T m+1, n+ T m , n1 ) +2

T 2 3+

T m , n=0

k

k

2h x

h x

( 2 T m 1, n+T m , n+1 +T m ,n1 ) + k T 2 k +2 T m, n=0

h x

h x

( T m,n1 +T m1,n ) +2 k T 2 k +1 T m ,n =0

2 q x} over {k} -4 {T} rsub {m,n} =0

( 2 T m1,n+ T m , n+1 +T m ,n1 ) +

Where delta x and delta y is the distance between nodes in the horizontal/vertical

Chapter 5: Hand Out

Chapter 6:

h= 1 hd A s

As A

or

Reynolds number:

1 hdx

h=

L0

x =

Energy Equation:

T

T

2 T v u

u

+ v =

+

x

y

y 2 C p y

( )

u x

x ,c

u x c

=5 X 10 5

Friction Coefficient:

Boundary Layer

Conservation Eq

B.C. Wall

Velocity

y 2

u

2

1

dx+

L

dp

y=

u

x+ v

u

u ( x, 0 )=0

u

u ( x, )=

Thermal

y2

T

2

1

y=

L Pr

T

x+ v

T

T( x, 0 ) =0

T( x, )=1

y y 0

u

s

2

Cf=

=

2

L

V

Similarity Parameter

L =

VL

v

L , Pr =

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