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Adaptive Computing Controller in

SAP NetWeaver 7.1


Features and Functions
Gunther Schmalzhaf
Product Manager
Virtualization & Adaptive Computing

The Virtualization Wave


The virtualization wave
are you on already?

Are you on the way?

Are you still in the


starting blocks?

SAP 2008 / Page 2

Virtualization Overview

Virtual Resource

Virtual Resource

Sharing

Emulation

Aggregation

Physical Resource

Examples

Virtual Resource

Physical Resource

Examples

Physical Resource

Examples

Virtual Machines (Server)

Virtual Disks (Storage)

ISCSI (Storage)

Disk Partitioning (Storage)

Logical Volume Manager (OS)

Virtual Tape (Storage)

VLAN (Networking)

Cluster Filesystems (OS)

Benefits

Benefits

Utilization

Management Simplification

Workload Manageability

Scalability

Flexibility

Isolation

SAP 2008 / Page 3

Benefits

Compatibility

Flexibility

Interoperability

Virtualization Means Server Virtualization?

Forrester Research, Feb 7 2007, 10


Server virtualization has quickly surpassed other forms of infrastructure
virtualization, including techniques for virtualizing storage and networks.
Globally, 75% of 1,221 enterprises surveyed by Forrester say they are aware of
server virtualization technologies, 26% have implemented it, and 8% more will
pilot it by the summer of 2007. The rapid adoption of server virtualization can be
attributed to its near- and longterm advantages, which allow firms to reduce costs
while making their infrastructures more flexible over time. Unlike compute grid
technologies, which require architectural changes, server virtualization allows
firms to easily encapsulate existing applications into containers that can be
moved between physical servers. Forrester believes that this basic capability will
prime firms data centers for more advanced Organic IT technologies, including
automated configuration and distributed workload management.

SAP 2008 / Page 4

Server Virtualization Hardware Partitions

Description

App

App

App

OS

OS

OS

Server

SAP 2008 / Page 5

Physical Server
divided into
fractions.
Partitions made of
whole modules
can achieve
electrical isolation.

Benefits

Issues

Electrical isolation

Independent
power on/off

Usually few
partitions

Movable
boundaries

Overhead for
n*OS

Limited dynamic
boundary change

Pure physical
performance
capabilities

Server Virtualization Virtual Machines

App
OS

App
OS

Description

Hypervisor
Server

Examples: IBM LPAR, VMware


ESX,

App
OS

App

Hypervisor
provides virtual
server per OS
Virtual servers
are isolated but
can share HW
resources

Benefits

Fine granularity

Heterogeneous
OS types and
releases

Overhead for
Hypervisor

Overhead for
n*OS (+ Hosting
OS)

Strong isolation

Dynamic
boundary change

Some solutions
provide relocate
of running VMs

OS
Hypervisor
OS
Server

Examples: VMware Server, MS


Virtual Server,

SAP 2008 / Page 6

Issues

Server Virtualization Virtual OS

Description

App

App

OS
Server

Examples: Solaris Zones,


Virtuozzo,

Source: IBM

SAP 2008 / Page 7

Virtual
environments
share a single
partitioned OS

Benefits

Issues

Fine granularity

High efficiency
through single
shared OS

All applications
must support the
same OS release.

OS patches /
maintenance
affect all
applications.

Isolation of user
spaces only, not
kernel level.

Each Virtual
environment runs Few OS kernels
and few servers
as an
independent
Dynamic
application and
boundary change
has unique name,
IP address, and
Low performance
storage resources
overhead

Server Virtualization Virtual Application

Description

App

App

Virtual Hostnames
OS

Application is
decoupled from
the underlying
OS.

Virtualized
Applications
share one OS.

Just one OS per


physical server.

High efficiency
through single
shared OS

Server

Examples: SAP Systems in High


Availability and Adaptive Computing
environments.

SAP 2008 / Page 8

Benefits

Virtualization
realized with
virtual
hostnames.

No additional
virtualization
technology
required.

No performance
overhead

Issues

All applications
must support the
same OS release.

OS patches /
maintenance
affect all
applications.

No isolation

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 9

Todays Pain Points

Insufficient server utilization

Complex IT landscapes

Low flexibility to assign and utilize hardware


resources

High effort to setup and integrate new


components into existing infrastructure
SAP 2008 / Page 10

Increase Flexibility With Adaptive Computing

Enterprise
SAP NetWeaver
Services
Composition Platform
Platform
Repository Composition
Partner
SAP
Partner SAP
Components

Appl.
Appl. Platform
Platform

ANY SERVICE,
ANY TIME
ON ANY SERVER

Objects,
Objects, Engines,
Engines,
and
Components
and Components

Adaptive
Adaptive Computing
Computing Virtualization
Virtualization
IT Infrastructure

Computing

SAP 2008 / Page 11

Network

Storage

Control
(ACC)

ADAPTIVE
ADAPTIVECOMPUTING
COMPUTING
isisan
anapproach
approachtotodesign
design
hardware,
hardware,software
softwareand
and
system
systemservices
services
pools
poolscomputing
computing
resources
resourcesfor
forbetter
better
performance
at
performance atlower
lower
costs
costs

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 12

Increased Flexibility with Hardware Pooling


COMPUTING
NETWORK

STORAGE
CONTROL

SAP 2008 / Page 13

Have dedicated resources for computing,


storage, network and control

Pool them and share them if appropriate

Define services and virtualize them

IT Infrastructure Building Blocks

COMPUTING

NETWORK

Compute nodes are physical or any virtual


server

Connects computing nodes to


each other

Add and remove computing resources with


low admin efforts

Builds up connection between building


blocks Computing and Storage
Transport layer for virtualization

CONTROL

STORAGE

Adaptive Computing Controller in SAP


NetWeaver

Application data stored on centralized


storage system(s) within a network

Single point of control to operate, observe


and manage

Any topology (IP, FC) supported

Capability of SAP NetWeaver


Based on Standards
Interface to third party software
SAP 2008 / Page 14

No local disk space required to run SAP


applications

Example of an Adaptive Computing Landscape

Adaptive Computing
Controller
Control Node

Server Network
Switch

Computing
Nodes

Storage Network Switch


SAP 2008 / Page 15

Centralized
Storage System

How Does Adaptive Computing Work in Detail?


Server
Server

Server
Server
C1
C1

Server
Server

Server
Server

Computing
Resources

Adaptive Computing Controller


Network
Card

Bind

File
System

Mount

Virtual Host
Name V1

Software installed on
Central Storage

Mount
Point M1

Central
Central
Database
Database Instance
Instance

Dialog
Dialog
Instance
Instance

ABAP
ABAP System
System (SID
(SID S01)
S01)

Central Storage
SAP 2008 / Page 16

J2EE
J2EE (SID
(SID S0n)
S0n)

How Does Adaptive Computing Work in Detail?


Server
Server

Server
Server
C1
C1

Computing
Resources

Server
Server

Server
Server

Central
Central
Instance
Instance

Adaptive Computing Controller


Network
Card
bound to
V1

File
System
attached
to M1

Start

Virtual Host
Name V1

Software installed on
Central Storage

Mount
Point M1

Central
Central
Database
Database Instance
Instance

Dialog
Dialog
Instance
Instance

ABAP
ABAP System
System (SID
(SID S01)
S01)

Central Storage
SAP 2008 / Page 17

J2EE
J2EE (SID
(SID S0n)
S0n)

How Does Adaptive Computing Work in Detail?


Server
Server

Server
Server C1
C1

Server
Server

Server
Server
C2
C2

Computing
Resources

Central
Central
Instance
Instance

Adaptive Computing Controller


V1

Relocate

M1

1) Stop Central Instance on C1


2) Unmount / unbind on C1
3) Mount / bind on C2
4) Start Central Instance on C2

Software installed on
Central Storage

Central
Central
Database
Database Instance
Instance

Dialog
Dialog
Instance
Instance

ABAP
ABAP System
System (SID
(SID S01)
S01)

Central Storage
SAP 2008 / Page 18

J2EE
J2EE (SID
(SID S0n)
S0n)

Features
Standard Features
SAP system management
Resource management
Control (start / stop / relocate SAP systems)
Observing (give you an overview of your physical and logical landscape)
Enhanced Features
Task planner
Mass operation
Support of multiple services on one server
User exits
Interfaces to use ACC functions with other management tools (WebServices)
Whats new with ACC 7.1
Configuration for Servers and SAP instances are all done in the ACC
Integration of todays ACC agents into one common agent framework
Improved service availability check
Additional Application Support
Improvements of ACC usability
Management of virtualized and non virtualized (traditionally installed) SAP instances

SAP 2008 / Page 19

ACC Use Cases


Easy management of SAP system growth:
Start with small server and relocate with growing requirement to server which
fit best.
System parking lot:
Stop idle SAP systems and wake up if needed.
Easy and fast hardware replacement:
Easy and fast replacement of servers in the AC landscape.
Mass Operation for HW maintenance weekend:
Shutdown and startup of all systems with one click in the ACC.
Maintenance Window for Upgrade/Conversion to short:
Use the most powerful server for upgrade or conversion procedures.
Task Planner:
Schedule planned SAP system start/stop, move systems.
Balance Performance Peaks:
Provide for dedicated systems the required performance.

SAP 2008 / Page 20

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 21

Adaptive Computing and Partner Solutions

SAP Adaptive Computing


Controller
System
System
Landscape
Landscape
Directory
Directory

Application (SAP)

Computing
Infrastructure (Partner)

Adaptive
AdaptiveComputing
ComputingVirtualization
VirtualizationLayer
Layer
(Interfaces,
(Interfaces,Agents,
Agents,Libraries
Librariesetc.)
etc.)

Partner
PartnerSolutions
Solutions
Provisioning,
Orchestration,
System
Provisioning, Orchestration, SystemManagement,
Management,Virtualization
Virtualization

Computing
Computing

SAP 2008 / Page 22

Storage
Storage

Network
Network

Passed Compliance Tests (Extract)

: //
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p
htt

SAP 2008 / Page 23

ww

om
c
.
sap
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d
w .s

dn
s
/
j
ir

/a

ive
t
p
da

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 24

AC Landscape Architecture for UNIX/Linux OS

/sapmnt/SID
/usr/sap/SID/DV.01

FS Export

AS

Filesystem

Application
Services

Distributed
Filesystem

/sapdb/..

DB

/sapmnt/SID
/usr/sap/SID/DV.00

/sapdb/..
/var/spool/sql/.

DB datafiles
SAP 2008 / Page 25

Storage System

/sapdb/..

e.g. SAN

volume mapping

Filesystem

CI

Filesystem

SAP / DB binaries

AC Landscape Architecture for Windows OS

Because Windows does


not offer a network file
system which is supported
by SAP, FC or ISCSI
LUNs for the components
of the SAP instances are
used.
The database can be
preinstalled in the OS of
the servers in the AC
landscape and the
datafiles are relocated.

SAP 2008 / Page 26

AS

c:\usr\sap\SID\D01\

CI

c:\usr\sap\SID\DVEBMGS00

DB

c:\<DB>

../exe/run/
../<DB> client libs

LUN volume mapping

Storage System

Application
Services

../exe/run/
../<DB> client libs

../<DB> dependent
../<DB> independent
../<DB> client libs
../<DB> datafiles

Virtualization Concept With AC


Goal of Virtualization

Run SAP instances on a pool of servers (switchover) without a change of the


configuration.

Decouple SAP application from the underlying OS.

What is Virtualization

Specific way of installing SAP instances to be able to switchover across different


hosts.

Virtualization is a additional layer between the IT infrastructure and the SAP instance.

Well known in the HA cluster technology.

Used Technology

Relocatable (virtual) IP-addresses and hostnames.

SAP instances are installed on virtual hostnames instead of the physical hostname.

Pool all SAP instance components (incl. binaries) on a central storage system.

SAP 2008 / Page 27

Virtualization Concept With AC

R/3
ABAP
system
SAP instance

R/3
ABAP
system
SAP instance

SID: WRR
installed on hostname ciwrr

SID: WRR
installed on hostname ciwrr

virtual hostname: ciwrr


IP-Address: 10.17.80.36

physical hostname: ld0539


IP-Address: 10.17.80.14
SAP 2008 / Page 28

virtual hostname: ciwrr


IP-Address: 10.17.80.36

physical hostname: ld0540


IP-Address: 10.17.80.15

New Installation of Managed SAP Systems


Installation Preparations

Prepare file systems on central storage system and mount to the server.

Prepare/configure users, groups, hostnames and services (avoid conflicts with settings in
central services like LDAP, DNS, NIS, )

Installation with SAPINST with NW04 SR1 and higher

No switch to the virtual hostname on OS level before SAPINST necessary!!

SCS installation

sapinst SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME=scs<sid>

Database installation

sapinst SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME=db<sid><##>

Central Instance Installation

sapinst SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME=ci<sid><##>

SAP 2008 / Page 29

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 30

ACC 7.1 Components


SAP NetWeaver 7.1

J2EE only

SLD

ACC is already part of the standard NetWeaver installation

SAP Gateway

Standalone Gateway is recommended (for registering ABAP instances at the SLD)

Managed Landscape

4.6C (4.6D Kernel) or higher

SAP 2008 / Page 31

SLD Used by ACC


SLD usage of ACC

Unique data source for Adaptive Computing Controller landscape data.

One central SLD per Adaptive Computing landscape.

Available after the installation of the WebAS Java.

Registering Systems

All SAP systems of an adaptive landscape


need to be registered in a central SLD.

Prerequisites

Registered systems including all Application


Servers must be up and running.

Registered systems must run on virtual


hostnames.

Browser

Adaptive Computing Controller

System Landscape Directory


SAP NetWeaver 7.1
SAP 2008 / Page 32

Overview NetWeaver Management Agents

Host

use

SAPHostControl
(SAPSTARTSRV in Hostmodus)
Web-Service
Local
Local socket
socket

SAPOsCol
SAPHostExec

manage
manage

sapacosprep

Clients
Instance
SAPSTARTSRV
Start
Start
use

Web-Service

Stop
Stop
Status
Status

SAP 2008 / Page 33

SAP Instance
e.g.
Doublestack
ABAP
Java
TREX

sapacosprep libraries
Structure of sapacosprep

Platform library: managing virtual hostnames and network filesystems

Storage Library: managing specific storage solutions

sapacosprep
executable

libsapacosprep.so
platform library
managing virtual IP addresses and
network filesystems

SAP 2008 / Page 34

libsapacosprep_<pid>.so
storage library
managing specific storage solutions

sapacosprep libraries - overview


ACC Partner Libraries for
ACC 7.1

The already available partner API will


also work for ACC 7.1.

The sapacosprep executable will still


exist and can be used for library
testing.

Library Location for 7.1


(incl. platform lib for Linux
& Windows)

http://service.sap.com/swdc

Partner specific plarform &


storage libs

https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/adap
tive

SAP 2008 / Page 35

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 36

Wizard based Configuration Steps


SAP NetWeaver 7.1 initial setup

User passwords
NWA settings
SLD local or remote

Configure NWA

User passwords
NWA managed landscape
SLD settings
ACC enable

Configure Adaptive Computing Controller 7.1

Configuration template
Basic configuration
ACC operational settings

SAP 2008 / Page 37

Configure Adaptive Computing Controller 7.1


Detailied ACC
configuration

Basic settings and password for


communication with the hostagents.
Multiple Services License Key
required (free of charge).
User Exit enabled / disabled.
Timer settings for ACC

SAP 2008 / Page 38

ACC Configuration of Network, Pool, Servers

Network / Pool

Netmask, Broadcast Address, Pool Name

Servers

Pool, NW interface, Network, delivered SAPS

SAP 2008 / Page 39

ACC Configuration of SAP Services

SAP Instances

SAP 2008 / Page 40

Virtual Hostnames, Network, Pool, required SAP and Memory, OS, Storage

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 41

Concepts to start with Adaptive Computing (1)


Integrate Dialog Instances in ACC:
(CI and DB unchanged).

Install new DIs on virtual hostnames for the AC landscape.


Integrate the new DIs into the ACC.
Manage with logon groups the user move to the new instances.
Delete the traditional installed DIs after the user are relocated.
no interruption of the operation.

Database
Database
Database

Central
Database
Database
Instance

Dialog
Database
Database
Instance

Adaptive Computing Landscape

Concepts to start with Adaptive Computing (2)


Integrate Dialog & Central Instances in ACC:
(DB unchanged).

Move CI to virtual hostnames.

Install new DIs on virtual hostnames.

Integrate the new DI and CI into the ACC.

Delete the traditional installed DIs after the user are relocated.

DB is unchanged.

Database
Database
Database

Central
Database
Database
Instance

Dialog
Database
Database
Instance

Adaptive Computing Landscape

Concepts to start with Adaptive Computing (3)


Integrate Dialog, Central & DB Instances in ACC:

Move CI and DB to virtual hostnames.

Install new DIs on virtual hostnames.

Integrate all instances into the ACC.

Delete the traditional installed.

Full benefits of the Adaptive Computing concept.

Database
Database
Database

Central
Database
Database
Instance

Dialog
Database
Database
Instance

Adaptive Computing Landscape

Planning Recommendations for AC


Landscapes (1)

SAP System No. and IP Services:

SAP System number is mapped into the IP Service Port.

No possibility to start two SAP Instances with the same SAP System number on one
server.

In an AC landscape each SAP instance can possibly be started together with each
other instance within one AC Pool.

Plan the SAP System No. for instances within one AC Pool.

Virtual Hostnames:

Each SAP Instance in an AC Landscape needs an own virtual hostname.

Naming-proposal: <Service Type>[<Number>]<SID>[<Network>]


e.g. cic02-server (Central Instance with SID C02 in the server network)

Planning Recommendations for AC


Landscapes (2)

User IDs on UNIX OS:

User ID no. for the different <SID>adm users needs to be unique in the AC landscape.

A unique user ID no. for two different users mounted to the same server would mix up
the file ownership.

Plan the user ID no. for the <SID>adm users within the AC landscape.

Agenda

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

General Overview
The Concept
Partner Involvement
Technical Overview
ACC Installation and Landscape Preparation
AC Landscape Configuration
How to start with Adaptive
AC Benefits and Outlook

SAP 2008 / Page 47

Adaptive Computing Makes the Difference

Current Infrastructure

Adaptive Computing

Installation per server

Service available in the network

Individually Infrastructure &


operation

Standardized Building blocks

Sizing per component/peak

Shared resource model possible

High availability requires


additional (expensive) hardware
and increases complexity

Increased availability
fundamentally included

SAP 2008 / Page 48

Benefits in a Nutshell

Harmonization of IT-Landscape

Use computing power and storage as shared resources for


dynamic business needs

Flexibility and Scalability

Satisfied Customers by high service levels


High availability and reliability

Reduced Cost of Operations

SAP 2008 / Page 49

Simpler, less complex operations


Ease of change

Adaptive Computing in a Virtualized IT World


Adaptive Computing Controller

VirtualServer
Server
Virtual
Virtual
Server

PhysicalServer
Server
Physical
Physical
Server

Network

Virtual
Virtual
SAP SAP
Virtual
SAP
Virtual
SAP
Virtualized
SAP
Application
Application
Application
Application
Application

StorageSystem
System
Storage
Storage
System

Adaptive Computing
Operate virtual and physical IT- resources in an Adaptive Computing landscape
Hide complex landscapes with the help of the Adaptive Computing Controller
SAP 2008 / Page 50

Future Topics for 2008 / 2009


ACC Enhancements:

Enhancement of ACC toward virtualization

Virtual and Physical landscape map

Management capabilities

Dialog Instance Provisioning in an Adaptive Computing landscape

A Dialog Instance will be provisioned without pre-installation

Emergency Operation

ACC via command line

ACC Improvements:

Ease of configuration

reduce configuration steps

Improvement of the ACC handling

Forced Shutdown of instances

Dry-Run capability (simulation of ACC tasks)

UI improvements

SAP Instance Support

SAP 2008 / Page 51

Replicated ENQ Support

SAP Book Adaptive Computing

SAP Press Essentials: Adaptive Computing Implementation and Operation

Publisher: Galileo Press

ACC related content bases on ACC 1.0

http://www.sap-hefte.de/katalog/hefte/titel/gp/titelID1522?GalileoSession=05431105A3JlZ8.Hm4c

SAP 2008 / Page 52

Additional Info

Newest information can be found on


https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/adaptive

Contact: gunther.schmalzhaf@sap.com

SAP 2008 / Page 53

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SAP 2008 / Page 54