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Design of Tension Piles

1.0 Basic Pile Design Data


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Type of Pile : -

Pile Diameter

1200

mm

Working Load (Tension): -

2500

kN

Factor of Safety

2.50

Reference Point for Level Measurements

Cut-off Level

0.00

Water Table Level

0.00

Pile Toe Level

-32.00

Concrete

45

Cement Type

As per specifications

Reinforcement

High Tensile [Black] Steel

Yield Strength of Steel

460

Longitudinal Bars

Number

10

Diameter

25

mm

Diameter

10

mm

Spacing

200

mm

Cover of Reinforcement

75

mm

Number of Piles

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Helical Links

Bored Cast in-situ.

Dubai Municipality Datum (DMD).

N/mm2

N/mm2

2.0 Checking Longitudinal Reinforcement


The resistance of piles subjected to tensile axial forces shall be calculated
using the following formula:

A st =

T
0. 95 f y

Where:
Ast

: area of longitudinal reinforcement.

: applied tensile force.


Ast

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8581

mm2

Provided Diameter of Steel

25

mm

Required Number of Steel Bars

30

Provided Number of Steel Bars

10

[Factored to 1.50]

The provided steel is less than the required, therefore NOT OK

3.0 Pile Capacity Calculations


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The soil investigation report has been done by :

GEOCONSULT Lab
Report No. 5131

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Reference Point for Level Measurements

Dubai Municipality Datum (DMD).

Pile Diamter

1200

mm

Cut-off Level

+0.00

Pile Toe Level

-32.00

Net Pile Length

32.00

Ultimate Tension Capacity of Pile (Qt)


Qt = Qs +Qb + Wp
Where

Qs : Pile skin resistance bearing capacity


Qb : Pile base bearing capacity (applicable only for enlarged base tension piles)
Wp : Pile self weight

Qs = 0.5 Ks 'vo tanAs

for cohesionless soil

Where
Ks

: Coefficient of horizontal soil stress.

'vo

: Effective overburden pressure at the pile base level.

As

: Average vaule of angle of friction between pile and soil.


: Area of pile shaft.

Qs = c As + Ks 'vo tans

for c- soil

Where
a : Adhesion factor between pile and soil

c : Soil Cohesion
Ks : Coefficient of horizontal soil stress.

: Average vaule of angle of friction between pile and soil.

'vo : Effective overburden pressure at the pile base level.


As : Area of pile shaft.
Qb = Nq 'vo Ab
Where Nq

(equals zero in this case - non enlarged (flat) base)


: Bearing capacity factor

vo

: Effective overburden pressure at the pile base level.

Ab

: Area of pile base.

'

Overburden Pressure
Depth Range
Layer

From

To

Length

vo

kN/m3

kN/m2

Description

+0.00

-22.00

22.00

17.00

374

Loose sand

-22.00

-32.00

10.00

19.00

564

Fat clay

-32.00

-40.00

8.00

20.00

724

Silt with sand

1- Due to skin friction (for cohesionless lay from

0.00

Skin Resistance Calculation:


to

-22

Qs1 = 0.5 Ks 'vo tanAs


In normally consolidated sand, the in-situ Ko is constant with depth and the value of Ks is
then modified only by the installation process. (Tomlinson)

Ks
Ko

0.85

for bored and cast in-place piles [Tomlinson]

Ko

0.50

for loose soil

Ks

0.43

for cast-in-place piles/sand

20

20

Qs1 = 0.5 Ks 'vo tan As

>>

Length =

22.00

As

120.64

m2

hw

22

vo

374

kN/m2

'vo

158

kN/m2

Qs1

1478

kN

(where hw is water height)

from

2- For the second layer (c- soil)

-22.00 to

-32.00

Qs2= c As + Ks ' tan

=
=

for bored cast-in-situ RCC piles

70

kN/m2

0.85

for bored and cast in-place piles [Tomlinson]

0.50

for

=
=
=

20

hw

32

vo

564

kN/m2

'vo

624

kN/m2

As

38

m2

Qs2

2736

kN

a
c

Ks
Ko
Ko
Ks

Qs2= c As + Ks ' tan

0.43

from

3- For the third layer (c- soil)

(where hw is water height)

-32.00 to

-40.00

Qs2= c As + Ks ' tan

=
=
=
=

hw

a
c
Ks

for bored cast-in-situ RCC piles

50

kN/m2

from
1

vo

kN/m2

'vo

-49

kN/m2

(where hw is water height)

Qs2= c As + Ks ' tan

As

Qs2

Total Ultimate Skin Resistance Qs =

m2

#VALUE! kN

4213

kN

Self Weight of Pile

24.00

kN/m3

Vp

36.19

m3

Self Weight of Pile

Wp

869

kN

Ultimate Total Capacity

Qt

5082

kN

Actual Factor of Safety

2.03

Thus, the pile design is NOT SAFE

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