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# INDIAN SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE

## 1. India invented the Number system. Pingalacharya

invented `zero.' in 200 BC.

## 2. Indians discovered the size, shape, rotation and gravity of

earth about 1000 years before Kelvin,Galileo,Newton and Copper
Nicus. Aryabhatta I was the first to explain spherical
shape,size ,diameter,rotaion and correct speed of Earth in 499 AD.

## 3. Newton's law of Gravitational force is an ancient Indian

discovery. In Siddhanta Siromani ( Bhuvanakosam 6 ) Bhaskaracharya
Isaac Newton.

India in 100 BC.

## 5. Indians discovered Arithmetic and Geometric progression.

Arithmetic progression is explained in Yajurveda.

## 7. Vateswaracharya discovered Newton Gauss Backward

Interpolation formula about 1000 yers before Newton.

## 8. Madhavacharya discovered Taylor series of Sine and Cosine

function about 250 years before Taylor.

## 10. Madhavacharya discovered Gregory Leibnitz series for the

Inverse Tangent about 280 years before Gregory.

years before Leibnitz.

before Lhuiler.

## 13. Nilakanta discovered Newton's Infinite Geometric Progression

convergent series.
14. Theoroms relating the diameter,volume and circumference of

## 15. The value of pi was first calculated by Boudhayana, and he

discovered Pythagorus Theorem in 800BC. ie 300 years before
Pythagorus.

## 16. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic

equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century. While the
Greeks were using only upto a max imum value 1000 , Indians could go
upto 18th power of 10 level during Vedic period.

## 18. Positive and Negative numbers and their calculations were

explained first by Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasputa Siddhanta.

## 19. Maharshi Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he

and health scientists of his time conducted surgeries like
cesareans, cataract, fractures and urinary stones. Usage of
anaesthesia was well known in ancient India.He was the first person
to perform plastic surgery.

20. When many cultures in the world were only nomadic forest
dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture
in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilisation).

## 21. The world's first University was established in Takshila in

700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied
more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th
century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in
the field of education.

## 22. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable

language for computer software.

## 24. According to the Gemmological Institute of America, until 1896,

India was the only source of diamonds to the world.

25. USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century-old suspicion
amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless communication was
Professor Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi.

26. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in
Saurashtra.

## 27. Chess was invented in India.

28. The first philosopher who formulated ideas about the atom in a
systematic manner was Kanada who lived in the 6th century B.C.
29. All the atomic reactors in the world are in Shiva Linga Shape
which is an Indian contribution.

## 34. Maharshi Bharadwaja was the first person to give defenition

his book "Vimana Thantra" around 2000 years before Right Brothers.

## 35. Maharshi Bharadwaja discovered spectrometer. In his "Yantra

Sarvaswa" he explained about more than 100 instruments.

## 36. The different colours of light, VIBGYOR are mentioned in

Rigveda which was written 6000 years ago.

system.

## 39. Seven continents are mentioned in Padmapurana.

40. Judo and karate which are coming to India from the far-east
originated in ancient India