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INDIAN SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE

Did you know the following facts:-

1. India invented the Number system. Pingalacharya


invented `zero.' in 200 BC.

2. Indians discovered the size, shape, rotation and gravity of


earth about 1000 years before Kelvin,Galileo,Newton and Copper
Nicus. Aryabhatta I was the first to explain spherical
shape,size ,diameter,rotaion and correct speed of Earth in 499 AD.

3. Newton's law of Gravitational force is an ancient Indian


discovery. In Siddhanta Siromani ( Bhuvanakosam 6 ) Bhaskaracharya
II described about gravity of earth about 400 years before Sir
Isaac Newton.

4. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in


India in 100 BC.

5. Indians discovered Arithmetic and Geometric progression.


Arithmetic progression is explained in Yajurveda.

6. Govindaswamin discovered Newton Gauss Interpolation formula


about 1800 years before Newton.

7. Vateswaracharya discovered Newton Gauss Backward


Interpolation formula about 1000 yers before Newton.

8. Madhavacharya discovered Taylor series of Sine and Cosine


function about 250 years before Taylor.

9. Madhavacharya discovered Newton Power series.

10. Madhavacharya discovered Gregory Leibnitz series for the


Inverse Tangent about 280 years before Gregory.

11. Madhavacharya discovered Leibnitz power series for pi about 300


years before Leibnitz.

12. Parameswaracharya discovered Lhuiler's formula about 400 years


before Lhuiler.

13. Nilakanta discovered Newton's Infinite Geometric Progression


convergent series.
14. Theoroms relating the diameter,volume and circumference of
circles discovered by Madhavacharya,Puthumana Somayaji,Aryabhatta,
Bhaskaracharya…….

15. The value of pi was first calculated by Boudhayana, and he


discovered Pythagorus Theorem in 800BC. ie 300 years before
Pythagorus.

16. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic


equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th Century. While the
Greeks were using only upto a max imum value 1000 , Indians could go
upto 18th power of 10 level during Vedic period.

17. Infinity was well known for ancient Indians.

18. Positive and Negative numbers and their calculations were


explained first by Brahmagupta in his book Brahmasputa Siddhanta.

19. Maharshi Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he


and health scientists of his time conducted surgeries like
cesareans, cataract, fractures and urinary stones. Usage of
anaesthesia was well known in ancient India.He was the first person
to perform plastic surgery.

20. When many cultures in the world were only nomadic forest
dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture
in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilisation).

21. The world's first University was established in Takshila in


700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied
more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th
century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in
the field of education.

22. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable


language for computer software.

23. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.

24. According to the Gemmological Institute of America, until 1896,


India was the only source of diamonds to the world.

25. USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century-old suspicion
amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless communication was
Professor Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi.

26. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in
Saurashtra.

27. Chess was invented in India.

28. The first philosopher who formulated ideas about the atom in a
systematic manner was Kanada who lived in the 6th century B.C.
29. All the atomic reactors in the world are in Shiva Linga Shape
which is an Indian contribution.

30. Padanjali maharshi discovered Soundwaves.

31. Yoga is an ancient Indian gift to the world.

32. Shayanacharya discovered velocity of light.

33. Maharshi Bharadwaja discovered different types of light rays.

34. Maharshi Bharadwaja was the first person to give defenition


about aeroplane. He explained about different types aeroplanes in
his book "Vimana Thantra" around 2000 years before Right Brothers.

35. Maharshi Bharadwaja discovered spectrometer. In his "Yantra


Sarvaswa" he explained about more than 100 instruments.

36. The different colours of light, VIBGYOR are mentioned in


Rigveda which was written 6000 years ago.

37. Maharshi Charaka discovered Psychology and Quantum healing


system.

38. Varahamihira discovered the concept of "Budding of plants".

39. Seven continents are mentioned in Padmapurana.

40. Judo and karate which are coming to India from the far-east
originated in ancient India