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Ananthapuramu-515 002(A.P)

Ph.D/M.Phil 2013-14 Course work- Assignments

(09P

H041

04)

Faculty: ECE

Unit-I Assignment-1

1.(a) The discrete-time signal x(n) = 6.35cos(/10)n is quantized with a

resolution (i) =

0.1 or (ii) = 0.02. How many bits are required in the A/D converter in

each case?

(b) A discrete-time system can be

(i) Static or dynamic

(ii) Linear or nonlinear

(iii) Time invariant or time varying

(iv) Causal or noncausal

(v) Stable or unstable

Examine the following system with input output relation into above classes

y(n) = Cos [x(n)]

2. (a) Determine the response of the (relaxed) system characterized by the

impulse response

h(n) = ( 1/2 ) n u{n)

to the input signals

(i) x(n) = 2 nu(n)

(ii) x(n) = u ( - n )

(b) A signal x(n) has the following Fourier transform

X() = 1/( 1 a e -j )

Determine the Fourier transform of

(i) x(2n + 1)

(ii) x(-2n)

3.(a) Determine the magnitude and phase response of the multipath channel

y(n) = x (n) + x(n M)

At what frequencies does H() = 0?

(b) Consider the following discrete system

y(n) = 0.9y(n - 1) + b x(n)

(i) Determine b so that |H (0)| = 1.

(ii) Determine the frequency at which |H ()| = l.414

Unit-II Assignment-2

1. (a) Find the Z transform and sketch ROC of

(i) x(n) = (1/4)n

n0

= (1/2) -n

n<0

n0

=0

n<0

X(z) = 5 z -1 /(1 2 z-1) (3 z-1)

2.(a) Determine the N-point D FT of the Blackman window

w(n) = 0.42 0.5 cos(2n/N-1) -0.08 cos(4n/N-1)

N1

0<n<

x 1(n) = {2,1,2, 1}

x 2(n) = {1,2,3,4}

Also verify the result using DFT method

3. (a) Derive the signal flow graph for the N = 16 point, radix-4 decimation-infrequency

FFT algorithm in which the input sequence is in digit-reversed order and

the output

DFT is in normal order.

(b) Create a DFT coefficient table that uses only N/4 memory locations to

store the first

quadrant of the sine sequence (assume N even).

1.(a) Sketch the lattice-ladder structure for the system

H(z) = (1 0.8 z -1 - 0.15 z-2) /(1 0.1 z-1 - 0.72 z-2)

(b) Consider a causal IIR system with system function and realize it in all

possible forms

H(z) = (1 + 2 z -1 + 3 z-2 + 2 z-3 ) /(1 + 0.9 z-1 0.8 z-2 + 0.5 z-3 )

2. A digital low-pass filter is required to meet the following specifications:

Pass band ripple: < 1 dB

Pass band edge: 4 kHz

Stop band attenuation: > 40 dB

Stop band edge: 6 kHz

Sample rate: 24 kHz

The filter is to be designed by performing a bilinear transformation on an analog

system function. Determine Butterworth and Chebyshev analog transfer

functions so as to meet the specifications in the digital implementation.

3. Determine the system function H(z) of the lowest-order Chebyshev digital filter

that

meets the following specifications:

(a) 1/2-d B ripple in the pass band

0.24.

0 < || <

(b) At least 50-dB attenuation in the stop band 0.35 < || < . Use the

bilinear

transformation.

Unit-IV Assignment-4

FIR Filters

1. Design an FIR linear phase, digital filter approximating the ideal frequency

response

H d() = 1

=0

for

|| /6

for /6 < ||

(i) Determine the coefficients of a 25-tap filter based on the window method

with a

Hanning window.

(ii) Determine and plot the magnitude and phase response of the filter.

(iii) Also realize designed filter

2. Design band stop filter having frequency response

Hd() = 1

=0

for

|| /6

for /6 < ||

/3

=1

for /3 ||

(i) Determine the coefficients of a 25-tap filter based on the window method

with a

Hamming window.

(ii) Determine and plot the magnitude and phase response of the filter.

(iii) Also realize designed filter

3. Obtain the frequency responses of different windowing functions and compare

their

Performances

Unit-V Assignment-5

Applications of Digital Signal Processing

1. Discuss the need for radar signal processing and explain detail

signals

3. Explain the sub band coding of speech signals using necessary block diagram

Unit-VI Assignment-6

Digital Image Fundamentals

1. Discuss the following concepts w.r.t image digitization

(i) Sampling (Uniform & Non Uniform)

(ii) Quantisation (iii) HVS (iv)Resolution

2. Discuss about different relationships between pixels

3. Explain following Image transformations

(i) Translation

(ii) Scaling

(iii) Rotation

Also derive transformation matrices for above operations

Unit-VII Assignment-7

- Image Transforms

1 (a) State and prove folding property of 2D DFT.

(b) For image matrix given, find DCT

f(x,y) =

1 1

1 3

1 2

1 2

A=

-2

-3

(b) Find Walsh transform basis for N = 4

Unit-VIII Assignment-8

Colour Image Processing

1.Discuss following Colour models

(i) HIS

(ii) YIQ

(iii)CMY

(b)Describe about colour image histogram equilization

3. Perform the gamma correction on following image with gamma value of 0.6

10

15

12 13

14

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