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You are on page 1of 12

Electromagnetic Waves

Multiple Choice

1.

The Earth is 1.49 1011 meters from the sun. If the solar radiation at the top of the

Earths atmosphere is 1340 W/m2, what is the total power output of the sun?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.

If the radiant energy from the sun comes in as a plane EM wave of intensity

1340 W/m2, calculate the peak values of E and B.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

3.

1000 V/m, 3.35 106 T

225 V/m, 1.6 103 T

111 V/m, 3 105 T

711 V/m, 2.37 106 T

the maximum B-component?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

4.

7.10 1027 W

2.20 1030 W

6.62 1026 W

3.74 1026 W

2.98 1025 W

1.4 T

1.8 105 T

2.0 106 T

1.0 103 T

1.6 1010 T

Find the force exerted by reflecting sunlight off a reflecting aluminum sheet in

space if the area normal to the sunlight is 10 000 m2 and the solar intensity is

1350 W/m2.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

0.72 N

0.09 N

9N

45 N

0.18 N

237

238

5.

CHAPTER 34

What is the average value of the magnitude of the Poynting vector S at 1 meter

from a 100-watt lightbulb radiating in all directions?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

6.

A 100-kW radio station emits EM waves in all directions from an antenna on top

of a mountain. What is the intensity of the signal at a distance of 10 km?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

7.

3.3 106 J

3.3 J

0.003 J

104 J

3.0 105 J

0.20 volts/meter. What is the total power emitted by the radio transmitter?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

9.

8 105 W/m2

8 106 W/m2

3 103 W/m2

0.8 W/m2

2.5 105 W/m2

How much electromagnetic energy is contained in each cubic meter near the

Earths surface if the intensity of sunlight under clear skies is 1000 W/m2?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

8.

1 W/m2

4 W/m2

2 W/m2

8 W/m2

12 W/m2

10 kW

67 kW

140 kW

245 kW

21 kW

(S = 1350 W/m2) on a flat black surface?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.25 105 Pa

0.06 Pa

7 104 Pa

4.5 106 Pa

9.0 106 Pa

Electromagnetic Waves

10.

(S = 1350 W/m2) on a highly polished silver surface?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

11.

5.55 1014 Hz

6.00 1011 Hz

9.00 108 Hz

3.00 1010 MHz

1.80 1015 Hz

radiowaves?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

14.

3 1018 Hz

3 1010 MHz

6 109 Hz

3 108 Hz

3 1020 Hz

Green light has a wavelength of 5.4 107 m. What is the frequency of this

EM-wave in air?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

13.

1.4 102 Pa

0.12 Pa

9.0 106 Pa

4.5 105 Pa

2.3 106 Pa

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

12.

239

60.8 m

6.08 m

3.04 m

0.314 m

0.33 cm

What should be the height of a dipole antenna (of dimensions 1/4 wavelength) if

it is to transmit 1200 kHz radiowaves?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

11.4 m

60 cm

1.12 m

62.5 m

250 m

240

15.

CHAPTER 34

z

t 107

in SI units. What is

z-direction is given by B = 1.2 106 sin 2

8

240

the maximum E-field?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

16.

z

t 10 7

in SI units. What is

z-direction is given by B = 1.2 106 sin 2

8

240

the frequency of the wave?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

17.

500 MHz

250 kHz

1.25 MHz

10 mHz

300 MHz

z

t 10 7

in SI units. What is

8

240

the wavelength of the EM wave?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

18.

1000 V/m

180 V/m

81 V/m

360 V/m

0.40 V/m

120 m

240 m

60 m

100 m

360 m

z

t 107

in SI units. What is

z-direction is given by B = 1.2 106 sin 2

8

240

the speed of the EM wave?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

3 108 m/s

100 m/s

106 m/s

2 107 m/s

2 108 m/s

Electromagnetic Waves

19.

z

t 107

in SI units. Find the

z-direction is given by B = 1.2 106 sin 2

8

240

average power per square meter carried by the EM wave.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

20.

16%

7%

23%

4%

32%

solid copper core insulated from the coils of the solenoid. Which statement is

correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

22.

720 W

172 W

500 W

2 107 W

86 W

A solar cell has a light-gathering area of 10 cm2 and produces 0.2 A at 0.8 V (DC)

when illuminated with S = 1000 W/m2 sunlight. What is the efficiency of the

solar cell?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

21.

241

A copper core remains cool no matter what the frequency of the current in

the solenoid is.

The copper core remains cool because the induced emf is parallel to the

solenoid axis and fluctuates rapidly.

The copper core heats up because an emf parallel to the solenoid axis is

induced in the core.

The copper core heats up because circular currents around its axis are

induced in the core.

The copper core heats up because the electric field induced in the copper is

parallel to the magnetic field produced by the solenoid.

In an electromagnetic wave, 1) how are the electric and magnetic field directions

related and 2) how is the direction of travel determined from their directions?

(c is the velocity of the light wave.)

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

c

EB

=

.

c

EB

c

BE

E || B; =

.

c

BE

c

EB

E B; =

.

c

EB

c

BE

E B; =

.

c

BE

c

BE

E = B/c; =

.

c

BE

E || B;

242

23.

CHAPTER 34

The intensity of radiation reaching the earth from the sun is 1350 W/m2. The

earths radius is 6.4 106 m. How big a force does this radiation exert on the

earth? (Assume it is all absorbed.)

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

24.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

25.

0 0 .

0 0 .

1

0 0

1

0 0

0

.

0

the electric field amplitude by B =

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

26.

5.8 108 N

1.2 109 N

2.3 109 N

4.6 109 N

1.7 1017 N

E

.

c

E

.

c

E.

E c.

cE .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

J

.

s m3

N

.

s m3

J

.

m3

N

.

m3

W

.

m3

Electromagnetic Waves

27.

When E and B are the amplitudes of the electric and magnetic fields in an

electromagnetic wave in vacuum, the total average energy density in the wave is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

28.

0

EB

.

.

microwaves.

infrared waves.

ultraviolet waves.

X-rays.

gamma rays.

0.25.

0.50.

1.0.

2.0.

4.0.

Two identical silver spheres of mass m and radius r are placed a distance R

(sphere 1) and 2R (sphere 2) from the sun respectively. The ratio of the

gravitational force exerted by the sun on sphere 1 to the pressure of solar

radiation on sphere 1 is T1; the ratio for sphere 2 is T2. The ratio of T2 to T1 is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

31.

B2

Two identical silver spheres of mass m and radius r are placed a distance R

(sphere 1) and 2R (sphere 2) from the sun respectively. The ratio of the pressure

of solar radiation on sphere 2 to that on sphere 1 is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

30.

1

0E2 .

4

1

0E2 .

2

0E2 .

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

29.

243

0.25.

0.50.

1.0.

2.0.

4.0.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

electric currents that vary sinusoidally with time.

time-varying electric fields.

all of the above.

only (a) and (b) above.

244

32.

CHAPTER 34

At every instant the ratio of the magnitude of the electric to the magnetic field in

an electromagnetic wave in vacuum is equal to

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

33.

the speed of light.

the speed of gamma rays.

all of the above.

only (a) and (b) above.

g

and 2.00 mm radius is located at the

cm 2

same distance from the Sun as the Earth. RSE = 1.50 1011 m .

Nm 2

W

. S = 1300 2 . MS = 1.99 1030 kg . If the particle absorbs

2

kg

m

100 percent of the sunlight reaching it, the ratio of the force exerted by the solar

radiation to the force of gravity exerted on the particle by the Sun is

G = 6.67 1011

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

34.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

35.

5.8 105 .

0.58.

1.0.

1.7.

1.7 10 4 .

microwaves.

infrared waves.

ultraviolet rays.

all of the above.

only (a) and (b) above.

a 10 resistor. At the instant when a switch closes the circuit (with no battery in

it) the displacement current between the plates of the capacitor is

a.

1.2 A .

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.4 104 A .

2.4 mA.

10 A.

20 A.

Electromagnetic Waves

245

Open-Ended Problems

36.

Near the surface of the planet, the Earths magnetic field is about 0.5 104 T.

How much energy is stored in 1 m3 of the atmosphere because of this field?

37.

The sun radiates energy at a rate of 3.86 1026 W. Its radius is 7.0 108 m. If the

distance from the Earth to the sun is 1.5 1011 m, what is the intensity of solar

radiation at the top of the Earths atmosphere?

38.

into Earth orbit and use the light from the sun to push this solar sail. If a huge

sail of area 6 105 m2 and mass 6000 kg were placed into orbit and turned toward

the sun, what would be the force exerted on the sail? (Assume a solar intensity of

1380 W/m2.)

246

CHAPTER 34

Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 34

Electromagnetic Waves

1.

20.

2.

21.

3.

22.

4.

23.

5.

24.

6.

25.

7.

26.

8.

27.

9.

28.

10.

29.

11.

30.

12.

31.

13.

32.

14.

33.

15.

34.

16.

35.

17.

36.

9.9 104 J

18.

37.

1400 W/m2

19.

38.

5.52 N

247

248

CHAPTER 34

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