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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi

Antonio Vivaldi
was born and lived
in Italy from
1678-1741.
He was a Baroque
style composer
and violinist.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi

Antonio lived with


his parents,
father Giovanni
and mother
Camilla, as well as
his five siblings.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


His father Giovanni
worked as a barber
before becoming a
professional violinist.
He taught Antonio to
play the violin at a
very young age.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi

By the age of 24, Antonio became the


maestro di violino (master of violin) at the
Ospedale della Piet, a convent, orphanage
and music school in Venice.

I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi

Vivaldi worked at the Ospedale for the


next thirty years, where he composed
most of his major works.

I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


He held many different roles while working
there; he taught the English viol as well as
violin and became choir master.
Vivaldi found being choir master very
challenging, as he was required to compose an
oratorio or concerto for every church festival.
He also taught the orphans music theory and
how to play certain instruments.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


After working at the
Ospedale for about 12
years, Vivaldi was
appointed maestro di
concerti (music
director), where he
became responsible for
all of the musical activity
at the institution.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


The Ospedales purpose was to give a shelter and
education to children who were abandoned or
orphaned, or whose families could not support them.
The boys at the Ospedale learned a trade and left
to work at 15 years old. The girls though received a
musical education, and the most talented stayed
and became members of the institutions renowned
orchestra and choir. Vivaldi wrote many musical
works for the girls to perform both at the
Ospedale and abroad.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi

Vivaldi turned his hand to Opera in early


th
18 century Venice.

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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


In 1717-18, Vivaldi was
offered a new position
as maestro di capella
(master of the choir
or orchestra) of the
court of Prince Philip
of Hesse-Darmstadt,
governor of Mantua.

Prince Philip of
Hesse-Darmstadt
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


During this period, Vivaldi wrote Le quattro stagioni
(The Four Seasons), four violin concertos, depicting
scenes appropriate for each season.
There is a debate as to whether the concertos were
written to accompany four sonnets or vice versa. It
is not known who wrote the sonnets, there is a
theory that Vivaldi wrote them himself, given that
each sonnet is broken down into three sections,
neatly corresponding to a movement in the concerto.
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I can talk about the life of Antonio Vivaldi


Vivaldi's music was well received during his
lifetime, but it later declined in popularity
until its vigorous revival in the first half of
the 20th century.
Today, Vivaldi ranks among the most
popular and widely recorded of Baroque
composers, second only to Johann
Sebastian Bach.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class

Sit in a circle and start a thunderstorm. Go over


the different hand motions involved in activity:
rubbing hands together
snapping fingers
tapping the floor

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class

Introduce the four seasons of the year.


Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Recap last weeks lesson on Antonio Vivaldi.
Introduce Spring as the focus concerto
for this lesson.
What does the season of Spring make you
think of?
Write childrens answers on the board.
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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Movement 1: Allegro (fast, joyfully)
Play Spring (movement 1 only)
Listen to the music with eyes closed.
Draw and colour pictures while
listening to the movement.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Class Discussion
Show pictures and discuss what the
children think the movement represents.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures
Whole Class
Read the first part of the sonnet:
Springtime is upon us.
The birds celebrate her return with festive song, and
murmuring streams are softly caressed by the
breezes.
Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting
their dark mantle over heaven,
Then they die away to silence, and the birds take up
their charming songs once more.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Can you hear the joy of spring and the
birds?
Can you then hear the thunderstorm?
Can you lastly hear the birds again?
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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Movement 2: Largo (slowly)
Play Spring (movement 2 only)
Listen to the music with eyes closed.
Draw and colour pictures while
listening to the movement.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Class Discussion
Show pictures and discuss what the
children think the movement represents.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Read the second part of the sonnet:
On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy
branches rustling overhead, the goat-herder
sleeps, his faithful dog beside him.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Does the music sound restful, like
someone is sleeping?

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Movement 3: Allegro (fast, joyfully)
Play Spring (movement 3 only)
Listen to the music with eyes closed.
Draw and colour pictures while
listening to the movement.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Class Discussion
Show pictures and discuss what the
children think the movement represents.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures
Whole Class
Read the third part of the sonnet:
Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, nymphs
and shepherds lightly dance beneath the brilliant
canopy of spring.

In this music, we first


hear bagpipes.
Later on, there are
musical passages as if
someone is dancing.

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures

Whole Class
Does the music sound restful, like
someone is sleeping?

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I can represent Vivaldis Spring concerto in


pictures
Plenary
Do you think Vivaldi represented the season of
Spring well?
Review the childrens initial brainstorm of
Spring, and see whether he included all of
these ideas.
Can you think of any ways Vivaldi could have
included any additional ideas?
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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument


Class Discussion
Does anyone know what this picture is showing?

It is an orchestra!
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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument


Class Discussion
An orchestra is a large group of musical
instruments that play together. It consists of
four sections of instruments:

Strings

Brass

Woodwind

Percussion
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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument

Whole Class
Today, we are focusing on part of Vivaldis
Summer concerto and the string section
of the orchestra.

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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument

Big is low
Little is high
This is a scientific rule, and
affects all music and sound.

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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument

Whole Class
The pitch is how high or low a note
sounds.
The size of an instrument (and the
length of strings on a string instrument)
affects how high or low the notes are
that it produces.
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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument


Class Demonstration
String some elastic bands
(of different widths)
around an empty
cardboard box with a hole
cut out on one side.
Demonstrate how thin,
tight elastics will sound
higher than thick, loose
ones.

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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument

Whole Class
Order these pictures from highest to lowest
(smallest to largest):

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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument


Individual activity
Cut out your string
instruments and
order them from
highest to lowest
(smallest to largest)
and stick them on the
sheet.
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I can sort instruments from highest to lowest


pitch

Violin
Viola
Cello
Double Bass
_______________________________________________
Highest
Lowest

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I can talk about the pitch of an instrument


Plenary
Play Presto from Summer.
Children to indicate the pitch of the
instruments using their hand to raise up
for a high pitch and lower their hand as
the pitch goes down.
Talk about how Vivaldi represents
summer.
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Autum
n
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I can talk about the colour and emotion of a


piece of music

Whole Class
Play Vivaldis Autumn.
Discuss what the music made the children
think of.
Structure the discussion to the emotions,
colours and visual imagery of falling leaves.

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I can talk about the colour and emotion of a


piece of music

Whole Class
Which colour best matches the music? Why?
Discuss the emotions
of different colours:
Red anger
Blue sadness
Green peace
Yellow vibrancy
Purple - power

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I can talk about the colour and emotion of a


piece of music
Group Activity
Explain that the class will be split into groups
of approx 7-8 children.
Each group will create an Autumn-themed
collage, based on Vivaldis Autumn concerto,
while listening again.
Children can draw, paint, stick etc., but must
agree to work as a team on one piece of work.
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I can talk about the colour and emotion of a


piece of music

Plenary
Look at the collages and compare ideas/
themes that run through them (e.g. leaves
falling from a tree/blowing in the wind,
orange/red/brown/yellow colours etc.)
Evaluation of collages:
What went well
What could be improved
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes

Whole Class
Listen to movements 2 and 3 from the
Winter concerto.
How did the music make you feel? What
did it remind you of?

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I can talk about the different sounds a string


instrument makes
Whole Class
Read the Winter sonnet:
Frozen and shivering amid the chilly snow,
Our breathing hampered by the horrid wind
As we run, we continually stamp our feet
Our teeth chatter with the awful cold.

We move to the fire and contented peace


While the rain outside comes down in sheets.
We walk on the ice with slow steps
Careful how we walk, for fear of falling.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes

Whole Class
If we move too fast, we slip and fall to the ground
Again treading heavily on the ice
Until the ice breaks up and dissolves

We hear from behind closed doors


Boreal winds and all the winds of war.
This is winter, but one that brings joy.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes

Class Discussion
How does Vivaldi show differences in the
weather through his string instruments?
String instruments produce sound from
vibrating strings that lay across the main
body of the instrument. The vibrations
transmit to the air inside it.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes

Class Discussion
There are three common techniques to
play a string instrument:
1. Plucking
2. Bowing
3. Striking

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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes
Whole Class
Plucking is a method of playing on instruments
such as the banjo, ukulele, guitar, harp, lute,
mandolin, oud, and sitar, using either a finger,
thumb, or plectrum to pluck the strings.
Instruments normally played by bowing (see
below) may also be plucked, a technique
referred to by the Italian term pizzicato.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes
Whole Class
Bowing is a method used in some string
instruments, including the violin, viola, cello, and
the double bass (of the violin family) and the old
viol family. The bow consists of a stick with many
hairs stretched between its ends. Bowing the
instrument's string causes a stick-slip
phenomenon to occur, which makes the string
vibrate.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes
Whole Class
The third common method of sound production
in stringed instruments is to strike the string.
The piano uses this method of sound production.
Violin family string instrument players are
occasionally instructed to strike the string with
the stick of the bow, a technique called col
legno. This yields a percussive sound along with
the pitch of the note.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes

Whole Class
Vivaldi uses plucking to depict the falling
raindrops, after which a warm melody on a
solo violin describes the pleasant indoors with
a roaring fire.
The finale opens with bowed/sliding phrases
by the violin this gives the picture of walking
and slipping on thin ice.
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I can talk about the different sounds an


instrument makes
Group Activity
In groups of 4-5 children you will use percussion
instruments (and body percussion if you wish) to
compose a short piece of music to describe the
winter season.
Plenary
Perform the compositions to the rest of the
class and explain what part of winter was being
portrayed.
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Music Glossary
Title

Definition

Orchestra

A group of instruments consisting


of strings, woodwind, brass and
percussion. In the Baroque period
(1600s), the orchestra often
A composition for orchestra in
(usually) 3-4 movements, each of
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which corresponds to a specific

Symphony

Music Glossary
Title

Definition

Concerto

A musical composition that involves


a dramatic interaction between a
featured soloist (or small group of
One complete, independent section
of a larger work, such as a concerto
or symphony.
A theatrical work involving solo
voices, chorus, orchestra, sets,
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costumes and lighting.

Movement
Opera

Music Glossary
Title

Definition

Melody

This is the part of the music you


would call the tune.
This is the part of the music you
can tap your foot to. You will
This
is the
of the
usually
findspeed
that the
mainmusic.
pulses

Metre
Tempo
Dynamics

How loudly or softly the music


should be played.
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Music Glossary
Title

Definition

Timbre

The specific kind of sound each


instrument makes.

Harmony

Underneath the melody are


clusters of notes called chords,
each of which sounds different.
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