Test #4 Review List

Make ABSOLUTELY certain that you also study the notes you took on these chapters
GASES (Chp 11)
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• • • • Know the definitions of the KEY TERMS (or have an idea of what they mean) on page 324 of text. Know how gas pressure is defined and some of its units (atm., mm Hg, torr) Know how to convert from one gas unit to another Know the instruments used to measure gas pressure (barometer & manometer) Know the characteristic physical properties of gases Know the four properties that are necessary to describe a gas (p, V, T, n) Know the gas laws & be able to use them in calculations Be able to identify gas laws from graphical representations (see lab on Gases) Explain the effect of atmospheric pressure on objects (eg. The aluminum can implosion demo) Know the regions of the atmosphere and their location Know the major pollutants (SO2, CO, NO2, etc.) in the atmosphere Familiarize yourself with the environmental problem of ozone pollution

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ACIDS & BASES (Chp 13)
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• • • • • Know the definitions of the KEY TERMS (or have an idea of what they mean) on page 379 of text. Know the three definitions of acids and bases and give examples of each type Know the five general properties of aqueous acids and bases Explain the difference between a strong and weak acid & a strong and weak base Be able to give examples (names/ formulas) of strong and weak acids and bases Know that conductivity can be used to distinguish a weak acid or base from a strong acid or base. Be able to identify an acid and base by its chemical formula Use chemical equations to show dissociation of strong and weak acids and bases in water Know that the acid species in water is H3O+ (hydronium ion) and the base species is OH(hydroxide ion) Know the definition of pH and its use as a measure of acidity Know the pH or pH range for a neutral, acidic or basic substance on the pH scale Be able to calculate pH and pOH using the various relationships (pH = - log [H3O+]; pOH = -log [OH-]; pH + pOH = 14) Be able to calculate [H3O+] & [OH-] from [H3O+] = 10-pH & [OH-] = 10-pOH, respectively

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Describe solutions as acidic, basic or neutral based on their pH or concentrations of H3O+ and OHKnow that acid-base indicators undergo color changes in contact with acids and bases and that indicators can be used to show the end-point of a titration experiment. Know what acid rain is and its effects on the environment

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (Chp. 6)
• • • Know what organic chemistry is Be able to draw structural formulas of the isomers of organic molecules Know the various functional groups & their names Know what a hydrocarbon is & use prefixes (meth-, eth-, prop- etc) and the root name of hydrocarbons to name hydrocarbons (alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes) Know what saturated & unsaturated mean Know how to distinguish between a saturated & unsaturated compounds using bromination & be able to draw the structure of the product formed when bromine reacts with the double bond (s) in an unsaturated compound Write the equation for the reaction between a carboxylic acid & an alcohol Be able to name the ester (i.e. first name of ester from first name of alcohol & second name from first name of acid with the “ic” ending replaced by “ate” ending. Example: ethyl acetate from ethyl alcohol & acetic acid). Be able to draw the structure of the ester formed from a carboxylic acid and an alcohol Be able to obtain the alcohol and carboxylic acid from a given ester and also to name the alcohol & acid.



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