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Conference on

IOR-EOR : Challenges, Process and Technologies

Session 1 : Indian IOR/ EOR Experience

Showcasing Indian fields Offshore


S. K. Verma
Sub-surface Manager
Mumbai High Asset, ONGC Mumbai

April 15, 2010


Petroleum Federation of India (PETROFED)
New Delhi
1

Presentation Structure

Introduction

Mumbai Offshore Basin

Field Development challenges


Major IOR/EOR Projects

IOR/EOR Experience

y
y

Process and Technologies


Way Forward

Oil & Gas Production during XI Plan Period

160
140

140.06
112.39 BCM

120
100

87.24

80

76.91 BCM

60
40
20
0
ONGC
Crude Oil Production, MMT

Western Offshore
Natural Gas Production, BCM

Mumbai Offshore Basin


y

Formed due to extensional


tectonics at the time of rifting of
the Indian plate from Madagascar
during late Jurassic-early
Cretaceous period

The extensive post-Miocene shale


acts as the regional cap-rock.

epressio

Ratna d

Hydrocarbons established in
multiple pay zones in this basin
ranging from fractured basement
to middle Miocene

ion

depress

Mature source rocks present in


lower Eocene-Paleocene Panna
formation

Panna

o rm
latf

Divided into 6 tectonic blocks

p
ay

mb

Covers about 148,000 km2 from


coast to 200m isobath

sion
pres

Bo

t de
Sura

Evidence from radiometric dating


indicated that the Earth is about
4.570 billion years old

Major Oil & Gas fields of Mumbai Offshore


SURAT

NORTH TAPTI

Main structures delineated


in the Mumbai Offshore
Basin

MID TAPTI
SOUTH TAPTI
LEGEND
OIL FIELD
GAS FIELD

C-24 C-22 SD-4


CA
C-26A
SD-14
CD
DAHANU SD-1

MUMBAI HIGH
BB-48
B-15
B-55
188
MUKTA
B-46
PANNA B-163
B-45
B-192
VASAI
B-147
B-192A
D-12
VASAI EAST
B-121
B-51
B-119
B-80
D-1

DAMAN

Mumbai High, Ratna,


Heera, Panna, Vasai,
Neelam, Mukta, Tapti, and
other small structures

Success expanded to East


Coast with discovery of oil
& gas in Godavary,
Cauvery offshore
MUMBAI

NEELAM
D-18

HEERA

R-15A
5

M R83 H84 P86 V88 NM90

Mumbai High Field


(As on 01.04.2010)
IOIP, MMt
Cumulative Oil, MMt
Recovered, %
Oil rate, bopd
Water Injection, bwpd

1659
411
25
2,25,000
9,00,000

Water-cut,%
Platforms
Producing strings
Gas producers
Water injection strings

69
113
727
36
198

Heera
(As on 01.04.2010)
IOIP, MMt
Cumulative Oil, MMt
Recovered, %
Oil rate, bopd
Water Injection, bwpd

305
55
18
56,000
1,46,000

SURAT
NORTH TAPTI

MID TAPTI

SOUTH TAPTI
LEGEND
OIL FIELD

C-22

SD-4
CA
SD-14
CD

C-24

GAS FIELD

C-26A
DAHANU

DAMAN

SD-1

MUMBAI HIGH

Water-cut,%
Platforms
Producing strings
Gas producers
Water injection strings

56
19
161
7
58

B188

B-48

B-15

B-55
MUKTA

B-46

B-163

PANNA
B-45
B-192
B-147
B-192A
D-12
B-121
B-119
B-80
D-1

VASAI
B-51

MUMBAI

NEELAM
D-18

HEERA

R-15A

Neelam
(As on 01.04.2010)

SURAT
NORTH TAPTI

IOIP, MMt
Cumulative Oil, MMt
Recovered, %
Oil rate, bopd
Water Injection, bwpd

109
29
26
20,000
97,000

MID TAPTI

SOUTH TAPTI
LEGEND
OIL FIELD
GAS FIELD

85
13
72
23

SD-4
CA
SD-14
CD

C-26A
DAHANU

DAMAN

SD-1

MUMBAI HIGH
B188

B-48

B-15

B-55
MUKTA

B-46

Water-cut, %
Platforms
Producing strings
Water injection strings

C-22

C-24

B-163

PANNA
B-45
B-192
B-147
B-192A
D-12
B-121
B-119
B-80
D-1

VASAI
B-51

MUMBAI

NEELAM
D-18

HEERA

R-15A

Bassein
SURAT

(As on 1.4.2010)

NORTH TAPTI

MID TAPTI

IGIP, BCM
Cumulative Gas, BCM

: 339

SOUTH TAPTI
LEGEND
OIL FIELD

: 187

GAS FIELD

Recovered, %

: 55

Gas rate, MMSCM

: 28.2

Number of platforms

Producing gas wells

: 49

Producing oil wells

C-22

SD-4
CA
SD-14
CD

C-24
C-26A
DAHANU

DAMAN

SD-1

MUMBAI HIGH
B188

B-48

B-15

B-55
MUKTA

B-46

B-163

PANNA
B-45
B-192
B-147
B-192A
D-12
B-121
B-119
B-80
D-1

VASAI
B-51

MUMBAI

NEELAM
D-18

HEERA

R-15A

MH
HEERA
NEELAM
B-173
D1

2009-10

2006-07

2003-04

2000-01

1997-98

1994-95

1991-92

1988-89

1985-86

1982-83

1979-80

1976-77

O il, M M t

Annual oil production from MR fields

25

20

15

10

VASAI EAST

10

Initiatives: IOR/ EOR


IOR/EOR Schemes in 15 major fields of ONGC have been
under implementation since 2001
IOR/ EOR campaign & redevelopment projects with
investment more than Rs 30,000 Crores
This initiative has helped to arrest the natural decline to
great extent and raised the recovery factor from these
fields from 27.5% in 2001 to 32.5% in 2009.

11

Challenges, Process &


Technologies

12

Western offshore challenges

y
y

Matured fields
Complex reservoirs
Large area, shallow
reservoirs
Heterogeneous
Multilayered
Gas cap
Thin sweet zones
Drilling complications

y
y

Water cut increasing


Aging facilities

13

Multi-layers of Mumbai High


Oil reservoirs :
L I, LII, LIII, LIV, LV, Basal Clastics and fractured Basement
Gas reservoir :
S1

LIII reservoir
-multilayered with shale, limestone,
sequence
-holds about 94% of the total IOIP
(b) Sub-Layers of L-III Reservoir

(a) Stratigraphic Sequence in Mumbai High Field


14

Geological Cross Sections Showing Layer wise


Porosity and Permeability Distribution

Porosity

Permeability -derived
Fracs, vugs, channels, tight zones

15

Mumbai High Development History

400000

EORP in
South & L-II

350000

700
600
500

250000

Initial Development

400

200000

300

150000
200
100000
100

BHN Accident

50000

Mar-10

Mar-08

Mar-06

Mar-04

Mar-02

Mar-00

Mar-98

Mar-96

Mar-94

Mar-92

Mar-90

Mar-88

Mar-86

Mar-84

Mar-82

Mar-80

0
Mar-78

0
Mar-76

Oil, BOPD

300000

No of Strings

Gas Lift

Re-dev-Ph-II

450000

800
Re-dev-Ph-I ,
Addl dev in A1

WI, ADBHN & AORP

PPM Proj, CRMP-I & II

500000

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Renewed Development Strategy


y

y
y
y

Review field development/ redevelopment

Integration of data

More accurate modeling


MDT approach
Target bypassed oil zones/ patches /
Infill drilling
Well completion
Re-oriented drainage pattern

Best in class technology induction


Domain experts
Improved production practices

y
y

Conservation of reservoir energy


Adequate energy replenishment
Efficient artificial lift system
Integrated asset model approach

Projectised IOR / Redevelopment


EOR pilots
17

Life cycle rolling development plan approach

25.0

100

411 MMt
25%

90
80

20.0

70
MMt

50
40

10.0

30
20

5.0

P e rc e n ta g e

60

15.0

10
0

40% Rec plan


% recovery

Revised FR
Water Cut %

28-29

26-27

24-25

22-23

20-21

18-19

16-17

14-15

12-13

10-11

08-09

06-07

04-05

02-03

00-01

98-99

96-97

94-95

92-93

90-91

88-89

86-87

84-85

82-83

80-81

0.0

Phase II

Rolling development plan to be conceived based on experience and new data of each plan and
induction of evolving technologies
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Studies for field redevelopment


Challenge
y To locate by passed oil
in highly
heterogeneous
Carbonate Reservoir

749000

750000

3
BH-D
7
8
5Z

9H

751000

752000

753000

S1-4

754000

755000

8Z

2136000

8H
9

IJ

2134000

8P

IE

IK7

2132000
2128000

500 1000 1500 2000 2500m

5Z

IL

6
4

4
1

2128000

4
6

BH-12

IW

-55

4
8ZH

1
8
5

IN
1Z
1

IM
BH-52
8ZH

2130000

-140

SY

5
3Z

2ZH
2

L1

BH-5

3
5

5
1

12H

L2

S1-6
3

10H

7H

L1

6H

11H

1Z1

L2

7H
2

00
-14

2130000

7P
8
2
2Z

EE

6Z
1Y

-13504

3Z
3
1

SV

2132000

SW

9H

2 2Z

SH

5H

2134000

8H

P1H

6 1
2

BH-35

9Z9

2
2Z

764000

2 2Z
7

763000

4
8
5

762000

2136000

1
4

761000

6Z

ED7Z

760000

1Z
4

1Z1
5Z

759000

SU

SG

758000

MHS : B Top Structure Contour Map

4
5

757000

3
3Z
5

II

756000

7
2

2138000

2138000

748000

50
-13

5
1

IT

7
6

1:70000
2126000

2126000

Approach
y Improved modeling
through Seismic to
Simulation
y Integration

1H
748000

749000

750000

751000

752000

753000

754000

755000

756000

-14

757000

758000

759000

760000

761000

762000

763000

764000

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IOR Schemes Western Offshore Fields


Scheme
MH North
Phase-I

MH South
Phase-I

MHN A1
Layer

Forecast, MMt

% RF by 2030

Base

134.9

25.0

Scheme

158.2

29.2

Base

286.7

29.3

Scheme

320.6

32.8

Base

156.9

29.0

Scheme

160.4

29.7

20

IOR Schemes Western Offshore Fields


Scheme
MH North
Phase-II

MH South
Phase-II

Forecast, MMt

% RF by 2030

Base

158.4

29.3

Scheme

178.2

32.2

Base

318.4

32.5

Scheme
RCE

337.6

34.5

25.0

20.2

35.7

28.9

Heera
Base
Redevelopment
Scheme

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Reserves Improvement: Mumbai High


MHN:Oil rate vs Oil production

Water Oil Ratio Vs. Cum Production


10.000

140000
120000

Start of Redevelopm ent Phase-I

100000
BOPD

WOR

1.000

Start of Redevelopment Phase-I

0.100

80000
60000
40000

0.010

20000
0

0.001
0

25

50

75

100

125

150

25

50

75

100

125

150

175

200

Cum.Oil, MMt
Np, MMt
MHS: oil Rate Vs cummulative production

Water Oil Ratio Vs. Cum Production


400000

10.000

350000

1.000

300000

0.100

B O PD

WOR

250000

Start of Redevelopment phase

200000
150000

0.010

100000
50000

0.001

50

100

150
Cum.Oil, MMt

200

250

300

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

Np, MMt

22

Production Enhancement - Mumbai High


WI, A DBHN & A ORP

500000
450000
400000
350000

Initial
Development

EORP in
South & L-II

Re-dev Ph-I

300000

Incre.Oil 57.10 MMt

250000
200000

Re-dev Ph-II

150000
Incre.Oil 35.66 MMt

100000
50000

Phase-I

Phase-I
(RFR)

Phase-II
(RCE)

(RFR)

Phase-II

Capex, Rs Cr

3239.43

7133.39

Capex, Rs Cr

6579.25

8813.41

Incr Oil, MMt

23.25

17.35

Incr Oil, MMt

33.85

18.31

MH North

MH South

Mar-30

Mar-27

Mar-24

Mar-21

Mar-18

Mar-15

Mar-12

Mar-09

Mar-06

Mar-03

Mar-00

Mar-97

Mar-94

Mar-91

Mar-88

Mar-85

Mar-82

Mar-79

Mar-76

23

450

800000

400

700000

350

600000

300

500000

250

400000

200

300000

150

200000

100

100000

50

BLPD

BOPD

Mar-10

Mar-08

Mar-06

Mar-04

Mar-02

Mar-00

Mar-98

Mar-96

Mar-94

Mar-92

Mar-90

Mar-88

Mar-86

Mar-84

Mar-82

Mar-80

0
Mar-78

Cum Oil (MMt)

900000

Mar-76

BOPD, BLPD

Production Performance MH field

Cum Oil (MMt)

24

BLPD
BOPD

Mar-10

Mar-09

Mar-08

Mar-07

Mar-06

Mar-05

Mar-04

Mar-03

Mar-02

Mar-01

Mar-00

Mar-99

Mar-98

Mar-97

Mar-96

Mar-95

Mar-94

Mar-93

Mar-92

Mar-91

Mar-90

Mar-89

Mar-88

Mar-87

Mar-86

Mar-85

Mar-84

BOPD, BLPD
140000

100000

80000
60

50

60000
40

40000

0
Cum Oil (MMt)

Production Performance Heera field


100

90

120000
80

70

30

20

20000
10

Cum Oil (MMt)

25

BLPD
BOPD

Mar-10

Mar-09

Mar-08

Mar-07

Mar-06

Mar-05

Mar-04

Mar-03

Mar-02

Mar-01

Mar-00

Mar-99

Mar-98

Mar-97

Mar-96

Mar-95

Mar-94

Mar-93

Mar-92

Mar-91

Mar-90

BOPD, BLPD
200000
50

180000
45

160000
40

140000
35

120000
30

100000
25

80000
20

60000
15

40000
10

20000
5

0
0

Cum Oil (MMt)

Production Performance Neelam field

Cum Oil (MMt)

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Technologies Inducted
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y

Hi-tech wells -Horizontal, Multilateral, ERD


Rotary steerable system (RSS) to increase
drilling efficiency
Glycol & Synthetic Oil Base (SOBM) mud for
efficient drilling
HGS for drilling/ workover of depleted zones
Enzyme breaker for horizontal drain hole
clean up
Perforated liner completion for stability of
horizontal drainholes
CTU friendly completion
Segmented, Level-3 well completion

Continued

27

Technologies Inducted
y

Relocation of poor producers through variety of sidetracks

CHFR

Modular rigs

Logging while drilling (LWD)

Real time operation (RTO) monitoring

Geo-steering in thin zones

Smart well platforms

Continued

28

Improved Technology Induction planned

Improved Reservoir Model


3D-4C API
Fracture delineation & extent mapping for tracking of
Reservoir fluid movement and placement of wells
optimally

Improved well completion for prolonged oil productivity

Electrical submersible pumps for efficient liquid lifting

Integrated asset management (IAM) for real time


surveillance and control, OCC

Platform mounted modular rigs

EOR

29

Summary
y

Absorption of technological advancements in G & G,


engineering, drilling and completion of hi-tech wells has
boosted the production and improved recovery.

Life cycle approach has helped to continue production and


recovery improvement from the matured offshore fields.

With integration of the experience gained and leveraging


state-of-the art technology, it is envisioned that it will be
possible to improve performance and further enhance the
oil recovery.

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Thanks for Kind Attention


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