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Capacitor Banks


















Capacitor Banks
Surge Arrestors
33,22 or 11 kV Switchgear
Protection, Control




Capacitor Banks
Type Tests
Routine Tests
Acceptance Tests
Endurance Tests
Commissioning Tests
33,22 and 11kV Switchgear
Protection & Control

Dubai Electricity & Water Authority

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All Rights are reserved

01. SCOPE Para (1) This section details the requirements for indoor Shunt Capacitor Banks. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 8.5.01. Quality Standard for Project.01. Selection and application 5.3. the Capacitor Banks shall be designed. Control and Protection for 33 kV.4. APPLICABLE STANDARDS Para (2) Except where modified by this specification.0.0.0. 4.0.0. QUALITY ASSURANCE OF EQUIPMENT AND WORKS Para (6) Quality Assurance of Equipment and works shall generally conform to general QA Standard for Electrical Equipment.5 Capacitor Banks 1.1.1. DESIGN CRITERIA Para (3) The Capacitor Banks shall be designed to ensure satisfactory operation under the site and system operating conditions as per design criteria described in document 1.C. TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS Para (5) General design. and Capability Standard for Manufacturers of Electrical Equipment specified in documents 1. 2.3.3. 1.0.0. power systems having a rated voltage above 660V IEC 60099-4 Metal Oxide Surge arrestors without gap for A. manufactured and tested in accordance with the latest version of the following International Standards and other publications quoted in this Standard: IEC 60871-1 & 4 Shunt Capacitors for a.01.2. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS Para (4) The Capacitor Banks shall be designed to ensure satisfactory operation under the environmental conditions as specified in this specification. 6.2. including Switchgear. General Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 2 of 9 Standard Size of Capacitor Bank (Mvar) 12 or 18(at 36kV) 6(at 24 kV) 6 (at 12kV) All Rights are reserved . system IEC 60099-5 Surge Arrestors recommendation IEC 60289 Reactor Part-1.1.0. and 1. SYSTEM CONDITIONS AND STANDARD SIZES OF CAPACITOR BANKS Para (7) System Conditions and Standard Sizes of Capacitor Banks are as follows: Nominal System Voltage (kV) 33 22 11 System Fault Level System Voltage (kV) 25 kA 3 sec 25 kA 3 sec 25 kA 3 sec 36 24 12 8.1. material and manufacturing techniques used shall generally conform to General Technical Requirements specified in document 22 kV or 11kV Systems. 7.

The design shall incorporate every reasonable precaution and provision for the safety of all concerned in the operation and maintenance of the plant. All parts shall be of ample strength to withstand without failure or injury the maximum mechanical. Connections should be such that it enables easy and inexpensive repair at site. and all associated control.3. 8. filling. If required.1.3. The capacitor banks shall be connected in such arrangement to facilitate unbalance detection within the bank. Para (9) Each of the several parts of the plant to be supplied by the Contractor shall be of such construction and design as to ensure long and continuous service with high economy and low maintenance cost. voids. 24 kV and 36kv as applicable and shall be capable to withstand the permissible overloads specified in IEC 60871. The construction shall be to a high degree of long-term reliability.2. Para (19) Each bank shall be provided with the necessary current damping reactor to limit the inrush current and any other transient over currents when capacitor banks are switched in to acceptable levels. circuit breakers. Para (14) Capacitor units shall be free from ionizations. The tenderer shall specify in his offer the technical data and calculations of the reactor in particular its inductance. Para (17) The capacitor banks shall be suitable to operate continuously satisfactorily in systems with rated system voltages 12 kV.5 Capacitor Banks Para (8) The design of the plant shall be fully complaint with the specified standards and in accordance with the latest sound engineering practice(s). the contractor shall prove this quality by actually interchanging parts.5. ease of maintenance and operation in which continuity of service and reliability is first consideration. insulators. current and voltage measuring devices. These reactors shall be inserted in the supply circuits to each bank. The capacitor banks will be mounted indoors and shall be complete with all necessary racks. protection and cabling. interconnecting bus work. Interchangeability Para (12) The plant shall be designed to ensure the maximum interchangeability of components that are likely to be replaced during the life of the plant. 8. air pockets and corona discharge resulting in high stable characteristics and long life. surge arresters. dimensions and materials of all parts are to be such that the stresses to which they are subjected shall not render them liable to distortion or damage under the most severe conditions encountered in service. Para (10) All workmanship is to be of the highest class throughout and the design. Para (11) The Contract Works shall be designed to facilitate inspection. thermal and electrical stresses to which they may be subjected to in the course of operation of the plant.1. Capacitor Banks Para (13) The capacitor units shall be all film type. Para (18) The capacitor units shall be accommodated in welded steel cases and fitted with hermitically sealed bushings. Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 3 of 9 All Rights are reserved . cleaning. Para (20) The contractor shall ensure that it is not possible to switch capacitor bank on until voltage at the terminals of the capacitor bank is less than 10% of its rated voltage. Para (16) Capacitor units/banks shall be fully compliant with IEC 60871. Para (15) Capacitor unit rated capacity shall not exceed 600kVAr at the rated voltage.1. Welding. plugging or cutting of defective parts will not be permitted without the sanction in writing of DEWA.01-Rev.

It shall have a proven pressure relief performance. 1. The same to be provided at the top. it shall be mechanically strong enough to withstand the effect of bursting of capacitor unit and shall be inflammable.5.5 Capacitor Banks Para (21) Capacitors shall be capable of continuous operation at least 130 percent of the fundamental sinusoidal current. i. Para (24) Capacitor bank fencing door shall be electrically interlocked with circuit breaker and earth switch status with suitable time delay timer in addition to the normal lock. Protection. Para (23) Capacitor banks within the same room shall be separated using earthed fencing with wire mesh of less than 25 x 25mm square at all the sides. Except where otherwise specified. Para (25) In case of any insulation boards are required to be used in between banks for improving clearance safety factor. Controls Para (33) Protection and control facilities shall be suitable for the system arrangement. 8. 22 kV or 11kV Switchgear Para (30) The contractor shall supply and install compatible switchgear.03 for 11kV. Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 4 of 9 All Rights are reserved .5.1. manufactured and tested in accordance with DEWA’s specification 1.5. Para (27) The access door to the capacitor bank room shall be from outside and there shall not be any access door from the side rooms.5. design to achieve non-explosive failure mode.01-Rev.3. fence and doors shall be painted with fireproof paints.1. In the case of requirement of fencing up to the roof. the order of the panels shall be as specified reading from left to right facing the board. in case it is not possible to extent the fence up to the roof.1. which must be suitable for switching and application of capacitor banks and shall be installed as specified separately. 8.2. Unless otherwise approved. high-energy absorption capacity with proper class (to be submitted for DEWA approval) and the housing shall be silicon polymer rubber. The surge arrestors shall be metal oxide type. Para (31) The circuit breakers shall have been type tested for capacitor bank switching as detailed in the specification.3.e. Para (28) The capacitor bank rooms shall be air-conditioned. Surge Arrestors Para (29) Capacitor banks shall be protected by suitable surge arrestors from voltage surges. Para (32) Switchgear shall be designed. Para (26) Flammable parts including cable shall be suitably protected with metallic/inflammable covers and all metallic parts. The supports shall be strong enough and there shall be no sagging of fence at the top.2.02 for 33kV. control panels shall be segregated from metering and protection panels. The selection of the ratings of the surge arrestors has to be accounted for the reactive power rating of the capacitor bank with at least three discharges sequentially without time for cooling between discharges. a minimum of 1000mm gap to be provided between the upper unit and fence for the purpose of replacement. Control and relay equipment shall be mounted as per other such equipment in the substation.01-Rev 0 for 22 kV and 1. 33kV. Para (22) Capacitors shall be suitable for continuous operation at rated reactive power at rated system voltage as per specified ambient air temperature category. Metering and Control to be submitted by the Tenderer in his offer. Detail diagram illustrating Protection.5.

Tenderers shall state the method by which capacitor units can be removed and replaced in a bank. Para (37) Over voltage relay shall also be provided to control the capacitor banks in case of rise of voltage by giving the alarm and trip command. 24 kV or 12kV 50Hz 5 of 9 All Rights are reserved . The switching of the Capacitor banks shall be made by power factor control scheme. all auxiliary lifting equipment required for this purpose. 9. insulation supports and other required maintenance spares. All tools and equipment required as well as manuals for operations and maintenance shall be included in the appropriate price schedule in the Tender. relays and changeover switches shall also be provided.5 Capacitor Banks Para (34) Panels provided as extensions or for erection in the same room as existing panels shall be of similar design and appearance to those existing. 8. Characteristics of relays. The Para (35) Characteristics and appearance of all such equipment shall be to the approval of DEWA.1. SN A. Ref.5. mounted on such panels shall likewise be of a style and scaling similar to the existing equipment.3. etc. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS Para (42) The ratings.. shall be designed and constructed so that the standard facilities specified can be readily provided as required in the future. etc. In addition. of IEC-871 - Item Description General Rated Voltage of Capacitor Banks - Frequency Dubai Electricity & Water Authority To be considered By Supplier Requirements of Supply 36kV.. Ampere.01-Rev. Para (38) The system control equipment will be supplied under this Contract and all necessary dc and ac equipment connections including auxiliary switches. Frequency Meter and all necessary control and indication facilities for the operation of the plant and equipment at the associated substation. Equipment.1. Power Factor. in the appropriate price Schedule in their Tender. Maintenance Para (40) Tenderers shall recommend the maintenance requirements for the capacitor banks and shall state the interval between scheduled maintenance works. if the items are not specified separately. and all connections of equipment to be associated with existing equipment shall be such that they are fully compatible with and can operate satisfactorily in conjunction with the other equipment. Para (39) Other general requirements on protection and control are specified separately. Para (41) The tenderer shall also include a separate price schedule of 10% spare capacitor units.6. All circuits provided under this Contract whether or not they are subject to the system control requirements at the present time. Control and Protection' given below in tabular form. including Switchgear. Volt. technical specifications and design shall comply with `Special Requirements for Shunt Capacitor Banks. it should be possible to override the power factor controller from supervisory and the plant may be remotely controlled and supervised from the supervisory control centre located at Najma substation. meters.1. Para (43) Special Requirements for Shunt Capacitor Banks including Switchgear Control and Protection. Para (36) Control panels shall incorporate VAR. and shall include.

to be advised by Supplier.125kV/50 kV 36kV .0.1.wise fire protection equipment and fireproof ground covering are necessary..01 and Environmental Conditions as specified separately Temperature category for capacitor bank units shall be – 5/D 12kV .1. Guide for Inst.-75kV/28KV 24 kV .5 Capacitor Banks SN Ref. disposal considerations. 33.0. Other.0..01-Rev.2 Transient Overcurrent Two or more banks in parallel.1. Sect-1 4. with unbalance Internal Fuses and discharge resistors built in the capacitor units Indoor Service Conditions 4. poisonous gases by burning. Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 6 of 9 All Rights are reserved . To be considered By Supplier Star-Star protection.. Resistor or Reactor to be installed in each bank Peak value to be measured by Supplier. As per IEC requirement Timing control and Inter-locking to be proposed by Supplier. of IEC-871 - Item Description Connection - Design - Location B.3.1. Sect-7 Requirements of Supply Other environmental aspects as toxicity. per bank 23 Protection of Environment PCB not allowed 24 Other safety requirements Fireproof design preferred..-170kV/70kV Sect-5 Safety Requirements 21 Discharge devices / time ≤10 min.1 Withstand Requirements As per IEC requirement Manual and Automatic Control.5. etc.1 Ambient air temperature Sect-3 Insulation Levels Table III-A Design Criteria 1. & Operation 32.1 Continuous Overcurrent Reactor to be installed if required (optional) to be proved by analysis Voltage wave form and capacitor current to be measured by Supplier 32.

1.4. Type Tests Para (46) Type test reports for following tests performed on Capacitor unit as per IEC 60871. TESTS 10. D. Requirements of Supply Local and Supervisory Control. 10.5.1. Ref. Capacitor Banks Para (45) The capacitors shall comply with the latest publications of IEC 60871. 24 kV or 12kV capacitor bank rated voltage as applicable): • • • • • • Thermal stability test.5.5. where applicable.C.5.02.1. For details refer to Technical Specifications 1.1.1. Units 2.2.2. shall be submitted. voltage test between terminals and container Lightning impulse voltage test between terminals and container Short-circuit discharge test Disconnecting test on internal fuses Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 7 of 9 All Rights are reserved .9.1. 10.01-rev 0 and 1. Overcurrent & E/F Protection 3.1. Internal fuse(s) for individual cap.3.1. Para (44) Tenderers are to provide with their tenders sufficient information.Part1 & 4. including outline drawings and catalogues covering the details for compliance with these requirements and specification. of IEC-871 Additional Requiremen ts on Capacitor Switchgear Item Description Control & protection To be considered By Supplier Refer to Technical Specification 1. Two stage (Alarm & Trip) Out of balance current protection scheme between the neutral points of two stars. Protection Requirements are as follows:1. time delayed and restricted by voltage levels.5. except where modified by the requirements of this Specification. (Test voltage shall correspond to 36kV.5 Capacitor Banks SN C.1. Capacitor loss tangent (tan delta) measurement at elevated temperature A.01 and their related data sheets specific requirements. Over voltage & under voltage relay protection 4.3.1. to enable the proposed installation of capacitor banks to be properly evaluated.7.01-Rev.2. Automatic Control based on Var-demand.1.5.01 and its related data sheets/specific requirements.

10.1. Tests on 33KV. Para (48) Type test reports for the tests performed on an identical damping reactor as per IEC 60289 where applicable shall be submitted.5.1. 10.1. 22 kV OR 11KV SWITCHGEAR Para (58) Refer to Technical Specifications 1.3. in presence of DEWA’s engineer. the above tests shall be carried out on one unit. Capacitor Banks Para (47) Type test reports for the tests performed on an identical surge arrestors as per IEC 60099-4 where applicable. sequential and individual operation of capacitor banks.1.4.C. Para (52) Routine tests shall be carried out in accordance with IEC 60289 for all damping reactors.2. Para (49) If test evidence of successfully carrying out the above tests on identical design unit is not available.5.01. but not necessarily be limited to them: • • • • • • • Capacitance measurement Capacitor loss tangent (tan delta) measurement in stabilized condition.1. including protection and SCADA control system. Para (57) These tests shall demonstrate satisfactorily the operation of each monitoring and alarm system.2.01-rev-0 and 1.1.0 above. Endurance Test (Special Test) Para (55) Applicable test certificate/report shall be submitted to DEWA on capacitor unit elements.1. shall be submitted. voltage test between terminals and container Test of internal discharge device Sealing test Discharge test on internal fuses Para (51) Routine tests shall be carried out in accordance with IEC 60099-4 for all surge arrestors.5.1. Routine Tests Para (50) Routine tests shall be carried out in accordance with IEC 60871 on all capacitors and these shall include the following tests.2.5. 10.3.01-Rev.4. Acceptance tests Para (53) In addition to the routine tests. on supplier’s cost.1. Contractor shall measure the harmonics in the system before and after switching of capacitor banks and other measurements necessary for special requirements under clause 9.2. Commissioning Tests Para (56) Capacitor banks shall be tested to the KVAr relevant for each circuit.1. 10. the following tests shall be repeated by the manufacturer for 3 capacitor units: - Para (54) • Lightning impulse voltage test between terminals and container (clause 16) of IEC 60871-1 • Short-circuit discharge test (clause 17) of IEC 60871-1 All the above tests shall be carried out in the presence of DEWA's inspection engineer.03 Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 8 of 9 All Rights are reserved .7. 10.1. Voltage test between terminals A.

01 -oOo- Dubai Electricity & Water Authority 9 of 9 All Rights are reserved .1.01-Rev. Capacitor Banks 10. Protection and Control Para (59) Refer to Technical Specification1.5.