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IDOM

IN ASTRONOMY

CONTACT DETAILS FOR


ASTRONOMY PROJECTS:

www.idom.com / ada
ada@idom.com
+34 944 797 676

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E-ELT TRAVEL

ATST TRAVEL

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IN SPIE 2012
IDOM GENERAL
TELESCOPE ENCLOSURES
TELESCOPE SYSTEMS
INSTRUMENTATION

IDOM

IDOM IS A MULTIDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING COMPANY WHICH PROVIDES ADVANCED


ENGINEERING AND TURNKEY SOLUTIONS FOR CHALLENGING PROJECTS INVOLVING
APPLIED MECHANICS, STRUCTURAL DESIGN, ELECTRONICS & CONTROL.

IDOM IS PRESENT IN 34 OFFICES SPREAD OVER 16


COUNTRIES ACROSS 5 CONTINENTS.

OFFICES
PROJECTS

More than

34 offices in 16 countries

2300 professionals
Projects in more than 40 countries
Headquarters: Bilbao, Spain.

IDOM GROUP:

IN THE USA:
IN THE UK:

AEC Engineering and Merebrook


are fully integrated in IDOM Group.

IDOM ADA leads the company activity in technologically advanced


projects and, as such, in Astronomy.
Our portfolio of clients and collaborators include ESO, AURA, IAC,
GTC, EHU-UPV, SNS/ORNL, GANIL, ESS-Bilbao, ESS, F4E / ITER,
CENER, Clemson University, NaREC, Fraunhofer Institute and
others.
We offer full project engineering and complete procurement,
manufacturing/construction and commissioning services.

www.idom.com/ada
ada@idom.com
+34 944 797 676

Optics

Consulting

Environment assessment

High-speed and light rail

Power
generation Plants

Seismic design

Structural
Engineering

Roads

Installations / M&E

Architecture

Logistics and operations

Special materials

Moveable
domes

Precision machinery

Scientific
Instruments

Competitive strategy

Technological
Installations

Engineering for Science

Renewable Energies

Telescopes

IDOM is an international firm


specializing in Engineering,
Architecture and Consulting.
IDOM operates globally in areas
such as power generation, oil &
gas, renewable and alternative
energies, manufacturing
industry, civil infrastructures,
nuclear plants, large
technological and scientific
facilities, architecture and
unique challenging engineering
projects.

TELESCOPE
ENCLOSURES

IDOM HAS FULLY DEVELOPED THE ENCLOSURES OF SOME OF THE MOST CHALLENGING TELESCOPES
THAT ARE CURRENTLY UNDERWAY. THIS INCLUDES CONCRETE AND STEEL STRUCTURES, ALL THE
MECHANISMS, HANDLING AND OTHER AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT, CLADDING AND THERMAL CONTROL
SYSTEMS, ANCILLARIES, AND CONTROL SYSTEMS.

E-ELT ENCLOSURE
With a 39-m diameter primary mirror, the E-ELT
will be the largest optical/infrared telescope
in the world. The concept for the Enclosure
adopted as baseline by ESO in 2008 was
developed by IDOM in close collaboration with
ESO E-ELT team. IDOM then performed the
integral detail design of the enclosure in the
frame of a FEED Study in 2009-2011.
The E-ELT enclosure is a spherical dome tightly
fitted to the telescope, so that the outer surface,
the enclosed volume and consequently its
overall cost are minimized. A thorough study of
different alternatives -which included structural
assessments, coupled analyses of the control
and dynamics of the system, study of air and
temperature turbulence around the telescope
and cost trade-offs- led to the selection of a biparting horizontal doors solution for the huge
slit that is needed for observation.

E-ELT ENCLOSURE
IN NUMBERS

39m

3.500t

2013

89m

3,064m

ESO

Telescope Aperture

Approx. diameter

Weight: 3.500 t rotating part weight


+ 6.050 m3 foundations concrete volume

Altitude (a.s.l)

Start of Construction

Client

The azimuth system is composed of 54


equal bogies attached to the fixed part -thus
drastically reducing the need of power supply
to the rotating part- and equipped with a
hydraulic load equalization system. Other
distinctive features include ad-hoc solutions
for the seismic isolation, the windscreen, the
enclosure main crane and the doors latching
system, among others. Main design criteria
were robustness and reliability of the proposed
solutions.

IDOM has developed


comprehensive construction,
logistics, operation and
maintenance studies, with
special attention to the
interfaces with the Telescope.

Cerro Armazones
(Chile) Site
See also,
-Bilbao, A. et al., E-ELT Dome for Modified Baseline Design Proc. SPIE 8444 (2012)
-Murga, G. et al., Detail design and construction plans for a dome for the European Extremely
Large Telescope (E-ELT), Proc. SPIE 7733 (2010)
-Murga, G. et al., Preliminary design for an enclosure for the European Extremely Large
Telescope, Proc. SPIE 7012 (2008)

ATST ENCLOSURE
The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope
(ATST) is a 4-m facility that will have broad
impacts on astronomy, plasma physics, and
solar-terrestial relations (from http://atst.
nso.edu/)
Its enclosure is about 72ft [22m] high and 87 ft
[26.6m] in diameter, and provides the ATST with
an unobstructed field of view during
observation, while preventing direct solar
radiation on components other than the
primary mirror (M1). The rotating enclosure will
be mounted on top of a lower fixed Support and
Operations Building at a height of 63.4 ft
[19.3m], which results on an overall height of
136 ft [41.4m].

ATST ENCLOSURE
IN NUMBERS
See also,
-Murga, G. et al., ATST Enclosure final design
and construction plans Proc. SPIE 8444 (2012)
-Murga, G. et al., ATST enclosure mechanical
and thermal models, Proc SPIE 8336 (2011)

The design developed by IDOM is based on a


multi-sector Shutter System arrangement,
which is driven by an innovative crawler
mechanism (patent pending), that provides a
compact and robust solution, while reducing
the power needed to move the shutters.
The outer shape of the enclosure has been
defined so as to minimize the solar irradiated
surface in early morning hours, when the
seeing is optimal. The enclosure has an outer
skin composed of water cooled plate coils for
efficient thermal control of the enclosure skin.

After successfully finishing the


Preliminary and Detail Design
phases, IDOM is currently
Manufacturing the complete
rotating enclosure.

4m

700 t

2012

26m

3,052m

AURA

Telescope Aperture

Approx. diameter

Start of Construction

Weight

Altitude ( a.s.l)

Haleakal High
Altitude Observatory
(Maui, Hawaii) Site

Client

THE QUIJOTE PROJECT ENCLOSURE


IDOM participates in the scientific
collaboration for the QUIJOTE (Q U I Joint
TEide) CMB Experiment. IDOM designed and
supervised the construction of the Enclosure.
(IDOM also designed, manufactured,
assembled and helped commission the first
telescope; and participated in the integration
and testing of the first instrument for the
QUIJOTE Project).
The QUIJOTE Enclosure aim is to host and
protect the two telescopes of the Experiment.
It has a moveable vaulted fully retractable roof
to allow observation of the telescopes.

The Enclosure was erected in the Teide


Observatory (Tenerife, Spain) and its
construction, including the installation and
commissioning of the mechanisms for its
aperture, concluded in 2011. Recently the first
telescope has been installed inside.

TELESCOPE
SYSTEMS

IDOM DEVELOPS AND SUPPLIES COMPLETE TELESCOPE SYSTEMS TO ASTRONOMICAL


OBSERVATORIES. CUSTOMIZED DESIGNS ARE PRODUCED FOR AN OPTIMUM FULFILLMENT
OF TECHNICAL, SCHEDULE AND BUDGETARY NEEDS OF THE PROJECT.

FOLDED CASSEGRAIN SETS FOR THE


GRAN TELESCOPIO CANARIAS (GTC)

The GTC FC-Sets are multipurpose systems


that include, 1) an Instrument Rotator, to rotate
science instruments up to 1-tonne while
observing, in order to compensate the field
rotation caused by the alt-azimuth mount of
the telescope, 2) a Cable Rotator to transfer
supplies to the science instrument and 3) the
Acquisition and Guiding (AG) and Wavefront
Sensing (WS) System, for accurate guiding of
the telescope during the observation.

The conceptual design of the


system was driven by the
need for integration, reduced
weight and minimum impact
on the telescope tube.

GTC FOLDED
CASSEGRAIN SETS
IN NUMBERS
See also,
-Gmez, A. et al, Folded Cassegrain Sets of the
Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), Proc. SPIE
8444 (2012))

2m

Approx. diameter

2,396m
Altitude ( a.s.l)

2012
Delivery

1,250kg GRANTECAN
Weight

Client

IDOM developed a customized design,


based on a compact layout of the mechanical
system and enhanced by an innovative
cable wrap design. As a result, the FC-Sets
perform with smooth and precise movement,
whilst guaranteeing good access to
important components and maximizing the
maintainability.
The two units manufactured by IDOM
successfully passed a comprehensive set of
Factory Acceptance Tests and were delivered
to the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory
by the end of 2011, where the Site Acceptance
Test were completed in February 2012.

GTC. Observatorio
del Roque de los
Muchachos (Spain)
Site

FIRST TELESCOPE OF
THE QUIJOTE CMB EXPERIMENT
Led by the Instituo de Astrofsica de Canarias
(IAC), the QUIJOTE (Q-U-I JOint TEnerife) CMB
Experiment is a collaborative effort of several
European Institutions: IAC, IFCA, DICOM, the
Jodrell Bank Observatory, the Cavendish
Laboratory and IDOM. The aim of the
Experiment is to measure the polarization of the
Cosmic Microwave Background in the
frequency range between 11GHz and 30GHz at
angular scales of 1.
Two telescopes/antennas and 3 instruments
are planned for the Experiment. IDOM designed
and manufactured the first telescope, which
was delivered to the Astrophysics Institute of
the Canary Islands (IAC, Instituto Astrofsico de
Canarias), in July 2009.

QUIJOTE CMB EXPERIMENT TELESCOPE


IN NUMBERS
See also,
-Gmez, A. et al, QUIJOTE telescope design
and fabrication, Proc. SPIE, Volume 7733(2010)

This first telescope features a Gregorian Dragon


optical system, with a 2.25 m diameter aperture.
Both the primary and secondary mirrors were
manufactured in cast aluminum, and then
machined and polished to achieve the required
geometry and surface finishing. The telescope
has an alt-azimuth mount, with a nominal
azimuth spinning rate of 15rpm. Supplies to the
rotating parts of the telescope and to the
instrument are transferred through a rotating
joint. These include electric power, fiber optics
for control, and compressed helium for the
instrument cooling system.
After implementing and testing the control
system, the telescope has recently been
installed in the Teide Observatory, equipped with
an instrument with 5 rotating cryogenic
polarimeters.

2,25m

Telescope aperture

2,390m
Altitude ( a.s.l)

7,000kg IAC
Weight

Client

2009
Delivery

INSTITUTO DE ASTROFSICA
DE CANARIAS

Observatorio
del Teide (Spain)
Site

INSTRUMENTATION
IDOM IS ACTIVE IN THE DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF SCIENCE INSTRUMENTS FOR ASTRONOMY.
BASED ON A CLOSE COLLABORATION WITH THE SCIENTIFIC TEAM FROM EARLY STAGES OF THE PROJECT,
WE DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, ASSEMBLE AND COMMISSION COMPLETE OPTO-MECHANICAL SYSTEMS.

PLANETCAM AND FASTCAM


PlanetCam and FastCam are state-of-the-art
instruments for 1-4m class telescopes, in
which images are acquired and processed
using the lucky imaging technique. Several
thousand images of the same object are
obtained in a short time interval, co-registered
and ordered in terms of image quality, in
order to reconstruct a high-resolution, ideally
diffraction-limited image of the object.
PlanetCam, a project of the Planetary Science
Group of the University of the Basque Country,
is a two-channel fast-acquisition and lownoise camera designed for a multispectral
study of the atmospheres of the planets (Venus,
Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune)
and some satellites (Titan) at high temporal and
spatial resolutions simultaneously in visible
(0.4-1 m) and NIR (1-2.5 m) channels.

PLANET CAM VIS


ARM IN NUMBERS
See also,
-Snchez A. et al, PlanetCam UPV/EHU:
A simultaneous visible and near infrared
lucky-imaging camera to study Solar System
objects, Proc. SPIE 8446 (2012)

FASTCAM IN
NUMBERS
See also,
-Murga G. et al., FastCam optomechanical
system design and manufacture, Proc. SPIE
7735 (2010)

FastCam is an instrument jointly developed by


the Instituto de Astrofsica de Canarias (IAC)
and the Universidad Politcnica de Cartagena
(UPCT), designed to obtain high spatial
resolution images in the optical wavelength
range from ground-based telescopes . The
instrument is equipped with a very low noise
and very fast readout speed EMCCD camera
and is capable of reaching the diffraction limit
medium-sized telescopes from 500 to 850 nm.

IDOM provides robust


designs that ensure the
required mechanical and
thermal stability, and the
optical performance of the
instruments.

Lucky Imaging Camera 2012 1.23m. Observatorio


de Calar Alto (Spain)
GRUPO DE CIENCIAS
400-1000nm UPV PLANETARIAS
Delivery

Type

Telescope

Wavelength Range

Client

Lucky Imaging Camera


Type

400-1000nm

IAC

Wavelength Range

2010
Delivery

INSTITUTO DE ASTROFSICA
DE CANARIAS

Client

Observatorio del
Teide (Spain)
Telescopio Carlos Snchez (TCS)
Telescope

THE QUIJOTE CMB EXPERIMENT


FIRST INSTRUMENT
The first instrument to be installed in the
QUIJOTE CMB Experiment first antenna is a
multi-channel instrument with five separate
polarimeters (providing 5 independent sky
pixels): two which operate at 10-14 GHz, two
which operate at 16-20 GHz, and a central
polarimeter at 30 GHz.

This optical arrangement was one of the most


demanding features of the instrument, which
required careful analysis and particular
engineering solutions for the motor stator and
rotor arrangement, materials for rotating parts,
etc., aimed to minimize generated heat and thus
foster cryogenic cooling efficiency.

The optical arrangement includes 5 conical


corrugated feedhorns staring into a dual
reflector crossed-dragonian system, which
provides optimal cross-polarization properties
and symmetric beams. Each horn feeds a novel
cryogenic on-axis rotating polar modulator.

The orthogonal linear polar signals are


separated through a wide-band cryogenic
Ortho-Mode-Transducer (OMT) before being
amplified through two similar LNAs.

QUIJOTE CMB
INSTRUMENT
IN NUMBERS
See also,
-Hoyland R. et al., The status of the QUIJOTE
multifrequency instrument, Proc. SPIE 8452
(2012)

IDOM performed the integration of the system


and carried out thorough functional tests
(including mechanics, vacuum and cryogenics)
for each of the polarimeters and the whole
instrument at its laboratories in Bilbao, prior to
delivering the instrument to the IAC.

Multifrequency
2010
microwave detector
DE ASTROFSICA
10 - 30 GHz IAC INSTITUTO
DE CANARIAS
Delivery

Type

Frequency Range

Client

Observatorio del
Teide (Spain)
Quijote CMB Telescope
Telescope