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ROLLER CONE BITS

Oil and Gas Products


2014 - 2015

Table of Contents
About Varel International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Varel Roller Cone Drill Bit Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Advanced Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
High Energy Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
DuraTech Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9
Compass Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
A-Force Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
High Roller Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-15
Varel Jumbo Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-17
Workover Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-20
Classic Roller Cone Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Bit Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Shirttail Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Premium Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24-25
Roller Cone Reference Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-27
Bit Shipping Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
API Casing Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

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About Varel International


We will deliver ever-increasing value to our customers and
other stakeholders by exceeding industry standards for
performance, service and innovation.
Founded in 1947, Varel International is the worlds largest independent supplier in the global
oil & gas drill bit market. Varel offers a comprehensive product line of roller cone and fixed
cutter (PDC) drill bits that have evolved and improved through patented drill bit technologies
and emerging drilling technologies.
Varel aligns its engineering and manufacturing capabilities to provide customers with
high-quality products that deliver reliability and optimum performance.
High-quality manufacturing
Product and process innovation
Delivering integrity in all of our relationships
R
 esponsibility towards health, safety, and the
environment
Creating customers for life

Scan our updated catalog for our latest products, features and premium options. Then contact
the Varel sales office near you to discuss innovative and cost-effective solutions for your next
drilling project.

Varel Roller Cone Drill Bit Technology


Varel Drill Bit Technology
Varel roller cone bits are designed and manufactured
to provide high levels of performance and reliability.
The product lines are the result of years of industry
experience and thousands of hours of field tests in
the most demanding applications. Every detail of
the design and manufacturing process results in
a product built to meet or exceed the requirements
of our customers.
Using electronic logs and our proprietary
GeoScience program, Varel evaluates characteristics
of rock formations. This program enables Varel
to determine rock compressive strength, abrasivity,
shale reactivity.
Additionally, Varel has developed proprietary
algorithms for cutting structure and bearing designs
to ensure each product design consistently performs
in a variety of applications. Algorithms are used to
design cutting structures to achieve desired rates of
penetration, resist tracking and combat off-center
operation. Bearings and seal systems are designed
using models that assure adequate load capacity and
seal wear life in high rotary speed and/or applications
with high solids in the circulation system.
Materials used in the construction of roller cone bits
are sourced from leading suppliers who have the
ability to produce consistently to high standards and
meet firm delivery schedules. Varel operates using
the philosophy of partnering with suppliers in order
to build long-term relationships that provide quality
materials and components which result in increased
value to our customers.
Our manufacturing processes are designed to be
robust and repeatable. These processes are constantly
monitored and continuously reviewed to provide
the drilling industry with ever-increasing value.
All Varel roller cone design and manufacturing
facilities are managed through quality programs
meeting the requirements of both ISO 9001:2008
and API Q1. These quality programs are designed
with an emphasis on consistency, quality and
continuous improvement in all aspects of our
business.

Varel products are tailored for specific applications


by customizing from a rich set of optional features.
These features, shown throughout this catalog,
provide additional value as they are designed
to give increased wear protection in demanding
drilling applications. This results in longer bit life
and reduced costs for our customers.
All Varel products are delivered with superior service.
No matter where you are in the world, Varel sales
and technical service personnel are experts on local
drilling conditions and problem avoidance, and
can assist you with proper drill bit and operating
parameters selection. From well proposals to onsite
monitoring, Varel is available to help you plan and
drill your well successfully.
Varel maintains an industry leading bit record
database that is utilized to monitor bit performance
and to ensure appropriate bit selection in the well
planning process.

Varel Roller Cone Availability


Size Range

TCI

High Energy

7 1/2 - 13 3/4"

Compass

3 3/4 - 7 3/8"

A-Force

6 1/8 - 12 1/4"

DuraTech

3 3/4 - 13 3/4"

Steel Tooth, Open


Bearing

2 7/8 - 44"

High Roller

14 3/4 - 18 1/2"

Jumbo

20" +

7-1-0035,
7-1-0035.1

www.varelintl.com

Steel
Tooth

Product Name

Air

Advanced Technologies
Advanced Technologies for Design Analysis
Varel engineers utilize Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
to simulate fluid flow around roller cone bits and evaluate
design hydraulics prior to field tests.
CFD analysis allows nozzle orientations to be optimized
to eliminate fluid stagnation zones and to ensure both
cone cleaning and hole cleaning are optimal. Evacuating
the cuttings efficiently allows the bits to deliver the highest
penetration rates possible.
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is employed to analyze new
roller cone bit designs in the early stages of the process to
ensure product reliability under a wide variety of operating
conditions. The insert hole and bearing geometries are
analyzed through FEA and designed to enable them to
withstand the high loads encountered in severe drilling
applications.

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of an insert hole

GeoScience is Varels proprietary well log, lithology,


and rock property analysis software. Varel has developed
proprietary algorithmic analytical capabilities to create
a leading tool for drill bit applications analysis. Using
customer-supplied mud logs, drilling logs, and electric
log data, Varel builds a virtual model of the make up of
the well sections to be drilled. Historic bit performance
is evaluated using a specific energy method that allows for
correlation across different bore diameters. The GeoScience
technology and method leads to a far better understanding
of the drilling challenge to be met and assists in identifying
the type of drill bit for the application.

GeoScience builds a virtual model of the geology


of the well sections to be drilled.

High Energy Series

Patented HET

Patented conical

carbide inserts

seal gland

Patented

heat shield

High capacity

journal bearing

Improved shirttail
hardfacing

High temperature,
high lubricity
bearing grease

V-Jet hydraulics
package

Advanced

compensation
system

O ptional diamond

enhancement features
available
Reliability

% Seal Effective

100%
80%

High Energy Series


Previous Technology

21% Increase

60%
40%
20%
0%

Our product development team started with a higher load


capacity bearing geared toward higher weight and motor
applications. Bearing reliability was also enhanced through
closely controlled assembly tolerances.

www.varelintl.com

Overview
As a leading manufacturer and global supplier to the drilling
industry, we are proud to advance the next generation in
drill bit performance the Varel High Energy Series.
This innovative series ushers in a line of roller cone bits capable of increasing drilling performance by effectively
utilizing higher energy inputs in the form of increased rotary speed, increased weight on bit, or both.
To create the High Energy Series, our engineers used an integrated systems approach. At every point in the
development process, each element was refined and enhanced to add to the durability and drilling rate of these
new bits. As a result, our High Energy Series bits are able to withstand applications where the combination
of bit weight and rotary speed is at the high end of the spectrum, and by doing so deliver better performance
and outcomes in critical applications.

Proven technology meets enhanced features

Self-draining reservoir

The High Energy product line consists of


our 7" to 13" sealed journal bearings
with tungsten carbide cutting structures.
The bits are built with time-proven O-ring
seal technology, but with new features
that greatly enhance the effective life
of the seals. First, a patented conical
seal gland design has been employed.
This new geometry positions the seal
in such a way that it can better handle
pressure fluctuations and still maintain a preferred dynamic
sealing location and interface. The new seal gland is further
complemented by an industry exclusive* heat shield deployed
between the seal and the inner bearing. This shield provides life
extending thermal insulation to the seal from heat generated in
the bearing. The result is a lower operating temperature for the
seal that also extends seal life.

We have incorporated a larger


dome-vented grease reservoir into
the bearing system that is capable
of delivering bearing lubrication
over longer, higher load and higher
RPM runs. This new reservoir
provides a 13 percent increase
in capacity over previous designs
and is configured to be self-draining to avoid cuttings buildup
adjacent to the reservoir. This feature improves the reliability
of reservoir performance when a High Energy Series bit is rerun.

*Patented

An improved seal and bearing system


The High Energy Series includes
innovations that increase bearing
life and seal protection. Engineers
developed a bearing system designed
to support higher loads on the
bearing surface, which resulted
in a more robust and more tightly
toleranced journal bearing. In addition, a new anti-shale packing
configuration is incorporated, improving cuttings diversion away
from the mud side of the seal gland.

Increased wear resistance


To ensure greater durability, we have
incorporated a new shirttail hard
metal formulation that significantly
increases wear resistance in this
critical area of the bit. Upgraded
shirttail enhancements, including
leading edge shirttail inserts,
stabilization inserts and diamond
enhanced shirttail protection, also
are available.

High Energy Tumbled (HET) cutting performance


This proprietary process for improving the attributes of tungsten
carbide inserts (TCI) overcomes the traditional trade-off between
wear resistance and fracture toughness of tungsten carbide
components and actually makes TCI components both harder
and tougher. The HET process constitutes one more quality
assurance step in the manufacturing of tungsten carbide inserts.
We manufacture the inserts used in our products and control
all of the HET processing and inspection of inserts.

DuraTech Series

Enhanced Hardmetal
A newly enhanced
hardmetal material is
welded to DuraTech bits
for added durability and
long life.

Patented Conical Seal Gland

 he newly designed seal


T
gland is constructed to resist
cuttings packing into the
seal area.

Patented Heat Shield

The heat shield ring is


deployed between the seal
and inner bearing and acts
as a thermal insulator to
the seal from heat generated
in the bearing.

Improved Shirttail Hardfacing


 sing DuraClad Hardmetal
U
Technology, both the
composition and application
of hardmetal to the shirttail
area of the bit are enhanced.

B
 ack Row Inserts

 urable tungsten carbide


D
inserts assist in maintaining
gage while drilling.

www.varelintl.com

Increased Wear Resistance


Tungsten carbide inserts
provide additional wear
resistance and shirttail
protection when needed.

Improved Bearing Grease


DuraTech bits have
incorporated a high
temperature, high lubricity
bearing grease that assists
in the reduced generation
of internal bearing heat,
allowing bearings to
last longer.

Overview
Varel International, a leading manufacturer of drill bits
and global supplier to the drilling industry, is proud to
introduce the next generation of steel tooth bits the
Varel DuraTech Series.
This steel-tooth series of products, available from 3-3/4 to 13-3/4, delivers rapid rate of penetration (ROP)
and new hardmetal protection that provides life-enhancing durability in the most demanding environments.
DuraTech bits can withstand the added stress that operators place on bits when additional weight
and greater RPMs are necessary.
The series is designed to provide:



Added durability in abrasive environments


Increased ROP
Directional responsiveness
A solution for sticky shale drilling

Designed for Durability


Varel used a systematic approach when developing the DuraTech series, delivering a product that can reliably withstand
high-energy inputs while maintaining expectations of high ROP and increased footage.
DuraTech bits combine innovative manufacturing processes, quality materials and highly trained personnel, and have
repeatedly been proven in field tests to provide reliable, lasting performance. Additionally, Varels extensive technology
platform delivers patented advancements in DuraTechs seal and bearing package.

DuraClad Hardmetal Technology


During development of DuraTech bits, welding specifications for hardmetal application were
investigated, reviewed and adjusted to produce accurate, repeatable outcomes. The DuraClad
Hardmetal Technology specifications now allow for a 20 percent increase in hardmetal application
to the critical areas of the bit. This produces a bit with a more durable, long-lasting cutting
structure. Skilled welders are provided with extensive application training and are regularly
audited as part of Varels commitment to quality.

DuraTech bits have continually delivered reliable


performance in drilling applications ranging from sticky
shale to abrasive sands, proving that DuraTech roller
cone bits are designed with durability that goes the
distance.

Compass Series
P atented

H
 ighly responsive

HET carbide
inserts

cutting structure
design

Custom gage row

designs available

Patented conical

E nhanced shirttail

seal gland

protection

Patented heat shield


High temperature, high

lubricity bearing grease

Improved hardfacing

near reservoir for wear


resistance in directional
applications.

Performance Chart

200

180

160

Compass series bits have proved highly effective across the spectrum of slimhole operations.
Available in sizes ranging from 3-3/4 to 7-3/8, the smaller diameter tungsten carbide insert
bits meet the extreme demands of slimhole applications.

140

120

100
4

80

60

40

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Meters
ROP

In one slimhole application for a major operator in Western Canada, a 158.7mm Compass bit
was challenged to increase meters drilled while maintaining an acceptable rate of penetration
(ROP). This application requires the bit to pass through increasingly hard formations including
the abrasive, sharp sands of the Cadomin/Nikanassin formations. Varel supplied the operator
with the Compass CM44DMRS bit, which is equipped with a diamond enhanced back row,
as well as leading edge shirttail inserts and stabilization inserts. The bit successfully drilled
180 meters, down to 1985 meters depth. This performance netted a 19.4 percent improvement
in meters drilled when compared to the closest competitor offset. Using this same competitor
offset, a 31 percent improvement in ROP was realized.

Overview
Compass Series Slimhole Bits
Reduced size casing programs, re-entries, multi-laterals, and coiled tubing
drilling all require steerability, reliability and efficient rate of penetration.
Engineered with application specific technology, the Compass Series Slimhole
Bits provide excellent steerability and high rates of penetration even when
weight on bit is limited. The bearing provides long, reliable performance in
deep hole, long reach sections where increased RPMs in motor applications
are commonly encountered.

Cutting structures designed for high ROP


and steering response.

Series Features and Benefits

A dvanced cutting structure and gage


Compass series bits are made with highly responsive cutting structures designed for
increased drilling speed and unsurpassed steerability. The dense shirttail protection
included in the gage of slimhole bits provides superior durability in directional
applications.
Custom gage row designs are available to optimize the bit for specific drilling
applications. Semi-round top (SRT) inserts or flat topped diamond inserts are
applied to harden the gage where required.

P atented conical seal gland

View of the internal bearing structure.


The advanced bearing metallurgy included
in this series provides for a stronger, more
stable bearing surface.

Constructed to resist cuttings packing in the seal area, the unique geometry of the
seal gland provides significant benefits during high angle drilling.

P atented heat shield


Deployed between the seal and inner bearing, this shield provides life extending
thermal insulation to the seal from heat generated in the bearing.

High temperature, high lubricity bearing grease

Advanced synthetic grease allows for improved lubrication and greater reliability
in high speed motor applications.

High capacity grease reservoir improves


lubrication within the bearing.

High capacity reservoir

The redesigned reservoir is capable of delivering bearing lubrication


over longer and higher RPM runs.

Patented High Energy Tumbled (HET) cutting inserts

Cutting elements undergo the HET process to alter the surface attributes, resulting
in inserts that are more abrasion and impact resistant.

Advanced bearing metallurgy

Compass bits are equipped with a silver plated journal bushing, silver plated floating
thrust washer, pilot pin and enhanced bearing hardmetal alloy for increased durability
and reliability.

Heat shield ring with a conical seal gland helps


prevent thermal degradation of the seal.

11

A-Force Series
Advanced cutting

H
 ET conical inserts

structure

Back row gage protection

R eplaceable steel

S hirttail protection

jet nozzles with


nail retention

A dvanced compensation
system

H
 ardfacing near reservoir
for wear resistance in
lateral sections and
building angle

Heat shield ring with a conical


seal gland helps prevent thermal
degradation of the seal

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Diamond enhancement upgrades are available for


both the shirttail and primary cutting structure.
These upgrades can be especially beneficial in
abrasive air, mist and foam applications.

Cutaway view of the new


high load bearing system

All new head forgings maximize


leg strength while increasing
clearance area for cuttings removal

Overview
A-Force
In the quest for higher rates of penetration, operators are increasingly
turning to underbalanced drilling that utilizes air, water mist and
foam fluid systems. These complex systems require specialized bits
to maximize efficiency and performance.
Varel has been engineering roller cone bits for air and underbalanced
drilling applications since 1994. Now Varel introduces the A-Force
series of sealed journal bearing jet air bits to meet the needs of these
applications and provide superior results.

Patented High Energy


Tumbled (HET) Inserts
Varel A-Force bits are designed with
tough HET conical inserts with medium
extension. The conical shape promotes
high ROPs in underbalanced drilling.
The engineered cutting structures
of A-Force bits are both durable
and efficient.

Newly Engineered Bearing and Seal System


Included on all A-Force series bits is an updated sealed journal bearing
system designed with new technology that improves management of
bearing heat and better accommodates high drilling loads.
Advance cutting structure and gage
A-Force series bits use cutting structures designed for increased drilling speed
in underbalanced drilling applications. The dense shirttail protection included
in the gage provides superior durability in directional applications.

Patented High Energy Tumbled Inserts

Patented conical seal gland


Constructed to resist cuttings packing in the seal area, the unique geometry
of the seal gland provides significant benefits during high angle drilling.

Patented heat shield


Deployed between the seal and inner bearing, this shield provides life
extending thermal insulation to the seal from heat generate in the bearing.

High temperature, high lubricity bearing grease


Advanced synthetic grease allows for improved lubrication and greater
reliability in high speed motor applications.

High capacity grease reservoir system improves


grease distribution within the bearing

High capacity reservoir


The redesigned reservoir is capable of delivering bearing lubrication over
longer and higher RPM runs.

Patented High Energy Tumbled (HET) cutting inserts


Cutting elements undergo the HET process to alter the surface attributes,
resulting in inserts that are more abrasion and impact resistant.

Advanced bearing metallurgy


A-Force bits are equipped with a silver plated journal bushing, silver plated
floating thrust washer, pilot pin and enhanced bearing hardmetal alloy for
increased durability and reliability.

13

High Roller Bit

Using the solid foundation of the proven High Energy series, Varel has expanded its roller cone product line
with the introduction of the High Roller drill bit series. The series features our 14 to 18 sealed roller
bearing bits and is available as both TCI and Steel Tooth designs. Innovations from the High Energy series
such as the patented seal geometry, coupled with a new, larger lubricant reservoir, allow High Roller bits to
support longer bit life and increasingly demanding applications. Bit designers also worked to tailor specific
cutting structure designs to match operating requirements and parameters, including those for complex well
placements such as in directional and rotary steerable drilling.

Patented HET Carbide Inserts

The cutting elements in TCI bits undergo Varel's


patented HET process to alter the surface attributes,
resulting in inserts that are more abrasion and
impact resistant.

Patented Conical Seal Gland


A best practice from the High Energy series, the
geometry of the seal gland assists in maintaining
a preferred dynamic sealing interface.

A new high viscosity grease is used to reduce


friction and increase reliability in higher
temperature applications. Grease flow paths
were increased to aid in free communication
of lubricant.

Highly Engineered Roller Bearing

New Forging Design


Redesigned forgings accommodate larger reservoirs,
hydraulics features and steel is reallocated to
maximize strength. In addition, the forgings' overall
length is minimized for enhanced steerability and
hydraulic efficiency.

Optimized Cutting Structure


High Roller cutting structures are designed to
maximize ROP and directional control. Steel
tooth cutting structures have high offset, wide
tooth spacing, and anti-tracking tooth deletions
to maximize action on bottom and resist balling.
TCI cutting structures are calculated to maximize
ROP with available weight on bit. Inserts are
designed with aggressive tooth extensions, durable
shapes, and feature HET processing to provide
reliable performance in vertical sections or on
steerable systems.

This anti-friction bearing package assists in


reducing heat generation and bearing torque
for higher RPM runs.

New Bearing Lubricant

Enhanced Hardmetal
Newly enhanced DuraClad Hardmetal
Technology, a new hardfacing compound,
is applied to provide additional durability
to critical areas of the bit and to steel tooth
cutting structures for long lasting performance.

DuraClad Hardmetal Technology


Through intense investigation of welding specifications for hardmetal application, processes were reviewed and
adjusted to produce accurate, repeatable outcomes. The DuraClad Hardmetal Technology specifications now
allow for a 20% increase in hardmetal application to the critical areas of the bit. This produces a bit with a
more durable, long-lasting cutting structure. Skilled welders are provided with extensive application training
and are regularly audited as part of Varels commitment to quality.

www.varelintl.com

Overview
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d

15

Varel Jumbo Bits


BIG ON PERFORMANCE
RELIABLE JUMBO BITS FOR LARGE DIAMETER
TOP HOLE SECTIONS
Available in sizes ranging from 20" to 44" (508 mm - 1117.6 mm), Varel is the industry leader in jumbo bits
for oil and gas wells.
Engineered for Excellence
Our jumbo bit products are engineered to help you improve
rate of penetration (ROP) and reduce your drilling costs.
Each Varel jumbo bit is engineered with:
A
 dvanced cutting structuresboth TCI and
steel tooth options available in popular sizes
R
 eliable bearing packagesengineered for
dependable service in the most demanding
applications
O
 ptional premium features designed to allow
for customization to enhance bit performance
in particularly challenging drilling conditions

Product Availability You Can Rely On


Due to increased global demand for jumbo-sized
bits, Varel has invested heavily to expand our jumbo
product by implementing lean manufacturing
operations. This investment in technical personnel
and equipment has improved manufacturing efficiencies
resulting in optimum product availability and delivery
for ourcustomers.

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Overview
Varel Jumbo Sealed Bit Availability by IADC Code

Bit Sizes
IADC Code

Steel Tooth
Bits
115

Inches

mm

22

558.8

22.375

568.33

23

584.2

23.5

596.9

24

609.6

26

660.6

28

711.2

135

215

Varel Jumbo Non-sealed Bit Availability by IADC Code

Tungsten Carbide
Insert Bits
415

435

445

515

Bit Sizes
IADC Code

615

Inches

Additional Features

Steel Tooth Bits


111

113

131

211

mm

20

508

21

533.4

22

558.8

23

584.2

24

609.6

26

660.6

27.5

698.5

28

711.2

33

838.2

34

863.6

36

914.4

38.25

971.55

44

1117.6

Advanced Cutting Structures:

TCI Bits

TCI cutting structures are designed to be durable while


maintaining the highest efficiency in rock destruction.

Steel Tooth Bits

Each design has the row placement, tooth spacing and


cutter geometry determined to provide high drilling
efficiency, minimize tooth wear and prevent tracking
in a wide variety of formations and conditions.

Bearing Types Available:

Sealed Roller Bearings for Motor Applications

Our sealed bearings for jumbo bits feature ball and roller
configurations engineered to withstand the combination of
high rotary speed and weight on bit in todays demanding
drilling operations.

Varel Jumbo Bit Optional Features


Feature Name
Tungsten Carbide Coated Cones*

Feature Code
E

Center Jet Nozzle

Shirttail Hardfacing

Stabilization Inserts

Leading Edge Shirttail Inserts

Diamond Enhanced Shirttail Protection

*Not available on Steel Tooth Bits

Open Roller Bearings

Traditional roller and ball bearings utilizing thrust buttons


for axial bearing loads give reliable performance under
a variety of rotary speeds and loads.

17

Workover Bits
Varel International offers the industry's broadest selection of high quality drill bits for remedial, re-entry and frac plug
drilling applications including:
Our classic open bearing steel tooth bits, the renowned L2, L1 and LH1, proven in workover applications
worldwide.
The newly introduced DuraTech line of sealed bearing steel tooth bits.
The Compass Series, high performance small
diameter sealed bearing tungsten carbide insert bits.
Our bits are produced under the highest quality standards to ensure
they withstand your most demanding workover needs.
Every Varel roller cone bit is designed with an
emphasis on consistency, excellence and continuous
improvement. Furthermore, all are manufactured in
accordance with the ISO 9001:2008 and API Q1
quality management guidelines. (API License Number
7-1-0035.1 Varel Roller Cone Manufacturing)

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Overview
Industry Leading Roller Cone Rock Bits for Re-entry and Remedial Operations
The multifaceted demands of workover operations demand top bit performance. Varels roller cone workover bits are
designed to deliver across the spectrum of workover applications including; drilling cement, drilling composites and
plugs, paraffin clean out, scale clean out, thru tubing operations, coiled tubing operations and drill ahead re-entries.

Process Controls

Advanced Metallurgy

Heat Treatment

Critical tooth hardfacing processes


on steel tooth bits are continually
monitored and updated to ensure the
highest quality hardfacing deposit.

Varel uses tightly specified premium


materials and processing techniques
in the manufacture of our oilfield
workover bits insuring oilfield grade
quality in our complete line.

Heat treatment is key to bearing


reliability. Varels heat treatment
process selectively carburizes and
hardens bearing faces and wear
surfaces, while ensuring a tough
core microstructure. This combination
provides long, reliable bearing
performance.

Varel's classic line of open bearing steel tooth bits, including the L2, L1, and LH1 incorporate open throat
hydraulics. These bits accommodate either regular through string flow or reverse circulation which is
frequently used to control a re-entered well.

Forged Steel Tooth Cutting Structure

Skirting

Varel was the pioneer in the development of


forged cones for steel tooth rotary cone rock
bits. This superior method provides stronger,
more impact-resistant teeth when compared with
milling because the metal grain structure from the
forging process is preserved, resulting in higher
load bearing, longer bit life and faster penetration.

Bit skirting is an option for reverse circulation


applications. Drill bit skirts are created through
welding a triangular piece of mild steel between
the legs of the bit toward the cones with the
intention of directing fluid to the bottom of the
hole to pick up cuttings before turning and exiting
the center of the bit. Bits annotated with a K
feature bit skirting.

19

Workover Bits
L2
IADC Code 211
Compressive Strengths: 4,000 to 10,000 (psi)
All Regular Circulation: 2-15/16" and larger
Gage Types:

A Tooth

Formations: Wide range of medium formations such as altered limestones, shales,


anhydrite and other formations with medium compressive strengths.

Features: Moderately skewed cone design. Teeth hardfaced on one flank


to resist abrasion. Vented A type gage gives high rates of penetration.

L1
IADC Code 321
Compressive Strengths: 8,000 18,000 (psi)
All Regular Circulation: 3-1/2" and larger
Gage Types:

A Tooth

Formations: Specifically designed for fast penetration in formations that are hard,
but not particularly abrasive.

Features: Designed to conform to latest drilling techniques requiring heavier


weights. Similar in design to the LH1, but does not have
webbed heel row.

LH1
IADC Code 331
Compressive Strengths: 9,000 20,000 (psi)
All Regular Circulation: 2-7/8" and larger
Gage Types:

U Tooth

Formations: Hard formations, such as pyrite, chert, dolomites, granite porphyry


and other formations which have high compressive strengths and are abrasive.

Features: Closely spaced, strong short teeth for maximum crushing


and chipping.

www.varelintl.com

Classic Roller Cone Bits


The Classic line is a group of long-proven journal bearing
and roller bearing products typically applied in lower
demand applications. The Classic line includes the
Challenger Series of sealed journal and roller bearing
bits, ETR large diameter roller bearing bits as well as
ETD smaller diameter journal bearing bits. The Classic
series of bits provide low-priced dependable performance.
ETD Bits
ETD bits are available in sizes from 3-3/4" 6-3/4" in both steel tooth and TCI configurations. They feature
silver-plated journal bearings with O-ring seals and high temperature lubricant suitable for motor applications.
Compound hardmetal applied along the leading edge of the leg and edge of the shirttail provides superior seal
protection. For high-energy and directional applications please refer to the Compass series of bits.

ETR Bits
The ETR series of larger diameter sealed roller bearing bits was the pre-cursor to our premium High
Roller series and incorporates many of the High Roller features in both the bearings and cutting structures.
The bearing package includes crowned roller bearings, an advanced bearing lubricant and oversized
HSN O-ring seals for reliable operation. The ETR is available in sizes from 14-3/4" 28" in both tooth
and TCI configurations. The High Roller series utilizes advanced components for higher-energy roller
bearing applications.

Challenger Series Bits


Both journal bearing and sealed roller bearing bits are offered
in the Challenger Series. The CH, or journal bearing bits, are
offered in sizes from 3-3/4" 13-3/4" and feature silver-plated
floating bearing elements with an O-ring bearing seal. The CR,
or roller bearing bits, are offered in 14-3/4" - 18-1/2"
and feature crowned rollers with advanced bearing
lubricant. Both styles have hardmetal applied to the
leading edge of the leg and the shirttail perimeter.
These bits are suitable for rotary and low-energy
motor applications. For high-energy journal bearing
applications please refer to the Compass and
High Energy series. For high-energy roller bearing
applications please refer to the High Roller series.

21

Bit Nomenclature

Indicates Bit Series

Feature Name

HE - High Energy
DT - DuraTech
CM - Compass
AF - A-Force
HR - High Roller

HE24DMRSV

Feature
Code

TCI Bit

Steel Tooth Bit

Tungsten Carbide Coated


Cones

Optional

Cone Back Row Insert


Protection

Standard

Optional

Steel Center
Air Jet Nozzle > 7 7/8" only

Optional

Center Jet Nozzle > 7 7/8"


only

Optional

Optional

Shirttail Hardfacing

Standard

Standard

Stabilization Inserts

Optional

Optional

Leading Edge Shirttail


Inserts

Optional

Optional

Number System

V-Jet Hydraulics

Standard on >
IADC 537

One digit:

Diamond Enhanced
Shirttail

Optional

Optional

Steel tooth cutting structure


Softest-to-hardest (1-6)
Two digits:
TCI cutting structure
Softest-to-hardest (00-99)
Even numbers - Predominately chisel-shaped inserts
Odd numbers - Predominately conical-shaped inserts

Diamond Feature

Enchanced
Nomenclature

TCI Bits

Steel Tooth
Bits

33% Back Row

50% Back Row

D1

66% Back Row

D2

100% Back Row

D3

33% Back Row + 100% Gage

DD

50% Back Row + 100% Gage

D1D

66% Back Row + 100% Gage

D2D

100% Back Row + 100% Gage

D3D

Full Diamond Structure

D3DD

Diamond Leading Edge Shirttail

www.varelintl.com

Shirttail Protection
To enhance gage holding and seal protection,
Varel roller cone bits provide value with a variety of
shirttail protection packages for high-angle drilling,
abrasive formations and steerable applications.
These shirttail protection packages can be used
to tailor bits to meet your drilling needs.

Motor Hardfacing (M Feature)

For demanding motor applications, a generous


application of tungsten carbide hardfacing is applied
to the shirttail lower edge and leading edge of the bit
leg to provide enhanced seal protection.

Leading Edge Shirttail Inserts (S Feature)

Tungsten carbide inserts are placed along the leading


edge of the shirttail providing additional wear resistance
in motor applications commanding high RPM or where
additional shirttail protection is needed.

Stabilization Inserts (R Feature)

Motor Hardfacing
M Feature

Leading Edge and Hardfacing


S Feature

Stabilization and Hardfacing


R Feature

Diamond Enhanced and


Hardfacing Z Feature

Stabilization inserts enhance standard shirttail patterns


by providing bit stabilization and additional protection
to the pressure compensator in high-angle applications
or in deviation-prone formations.

Diamond Enhanced Shirttail Inserts (Z Feature)

In Varels premium shirttail protection package


PCD-capped inserts replace tungsten carbide inserts
(TCI) in strategic locations to provide maximum
shirttail protection in abrasive formations or
directional applications.

23

Premium Options

Diamond Enhanced Back Row (D Feature)

One third of the carbide, back-row inserts are replaced with


polycrystalline diamond (PCD)-capped inserts to increase gage
holding in abrasive applications.

Diamond Enhanced Gage and Back Row (DD Feature)

One third of the back row and all gage inserts utilize PCD-capped
inserts to maximize gage holding.

F ully Diamond Enhanced Cutting Structure


(D3DD Feature)

All inserts are PCD-capped to extend bit life in the most extreme
drilling conditions. The premium D3DD package features a fully
PCD-clad cutting structure providing excellent wear resistance
in the harshest environments.

Tungsten Carbide Coated Cones (E Feature)

All exposed portions of the TCI cones are coated with tungsten
carbide to provide maximum resistance in applications where
cone shell erosion limits bit life.

Steel Center Air Jet Nozzle (H Feature)

Air type bits offer an optional center air jet nozzle featuring three
additional ports for enhanced cutting structure and enhanced hole
cleaning. (Available only in 7 7/8" bits and larger.)

Center Jet Nozzle (J Feature)

A fourth interchangeable jet is installed in the center of the bit


to reduce bit balling or provide extra flow capacity. (Available only
in 7 7/8" bits and larger.)

V-Jet Hydraulics

The V-Jet aimed flow stream produces better cone cleaning, which
improves bit penetration rates. In addition to new head forgings,
the new designs maximize leg strength while minimizing overall
bit length, helping to deliver more hydraulic horsepower to the
hole bottom.

www.varelintl.com

High Energy Tumbled (HET)


High Energy Tumbled (HET) cutting performance
This proprietary process for improving the attributes of
tungsten carbide inserts (TCI) overcomes the traditional
trade-off between wear resistance and fracture toughness
of tungsten carbide components and actually makes TCI
components both harder and tougher. The HET process
constitutes one more quality assurance step in the
manufacturing of tungsten carbide inserts. We manufacture
the inserts used in our products and control all of the
HET processing and inspection of inserts.

Static Bending Strength

Impact Strength Testing

Non HET
HET

Survival Rate
Non HET

60%

2
3
4
5

100%
100%
100%
40%

33%
0%
0%
0%

40%
20%
0%

ncr

Survival
Rate HET

%I

Drop
Height

210

80%

eas
e

Non HET
HET

Bending Strength in lbs

Drop Impact Survival Rate

100%

Drop Height

High Energy Tumbled (HET)


Tungsten Carbide

Patented process
Proven to increase insert
toughness

Results in greater overall


penetration rates

Reduced drilling costs

25

Roller Cone Reference Tables

Bit Connections, Total Flow Area


Gage Diameter Tolerances

The gage diameter of the cutting edge of the bits shall conform to the
size designation within the following tolerances:

Roller Cone Gage Diameter Tolerances


Size of Bit

Inches (in)

in.

in.

mm

13 3/8 and smaller

+ 1/32 - 0

+ 0.80 - 0

13 25/32 to 17 1/2 inclusive

+ 1/16 - 0

+ 1.59 -0

17 17/32 and larger

+ 3/32 - 0

+ 2.38 -0

American Petroleum Institute

Nozzle Total Flow Area (TFA) Table


Nozzle
Size

Roller Cone Bit Connection Sizes


Size of Bit
in.

Size and Style of


Rotary Pin Connection

2 7/8 to 3 3/8 inclusive

4 Thread N Rod

3 1/2 to 4 1/2 inclusive

2 3/8 API REG

4 5/8 to 5 inclusive

2 7/8 API REG

5 1/8 to 7 3/8 inclusive

3 1/2 API REG

7 1/2 to 9 3/8 inclusive

4 1/2 API REG

9 1/2 to 14 3/8 inclusive

6 5/8 API REG

14 1/2 to 18 1/2 inclusive

6 5/8 API REG or 7 5/8 API REG

18 5/8 to 26 inclusive

7 5/8 API REG or 8 5/8 API REG

27 and larger

8 5/8 API REG

Note: Some bit types are available with alternate connection sizes by
special order.

www.varelintl.com

Nozzle Flow Area (square inches)


1
Nozzle

2
Nozzles

3
Nozzles

4
Nozzles

7/32

0.0376

0.0752

0.1127

0.1503

8/32

0.0491

0.0982

0.1473

0.1963

9/32

0.0621

0.1243

0.1864

0.2485

10/32

0.0767

0.1534

0.2301

0.3068

11/32

0.0928

0.1856

0.2784

0.3712

12/32

0.1104

0.2209

0.3313

0.4418

13/32

0.1296

0.2592

0.3889

0.5185

14/32

0.1503

0.3007

0.4510

0.6013

15/32

0.1726

0.3451

0.5177

0.6903

16/32

0.1963

0.3927

0.5890

0.7854

17/32

0.2217

0.4433

0.6650

0.8866

18/32

0.2485

0.4970

0.7455

0.9940

19/32

0.2769

0.5538

0.8307

1.1075

20/32

0.3068

0.6136

0.9204

1.2272

21/32

0.3382

0.6765

1.0147

1.3530

22/32

0.3712

0.7424

1.1137

1.4849

24/32

0.4418

0.8836

1.3254

1.7671

26/32

0.5185

1.0370

1.5555

2.0739

28/32

0.6013

1.2026

1.8040

2.4053

30/32

0.6904

1.3808

2.0711

2.7615

32/32

0.7855

1.5710

2.3565

3.1420

Roller Cone Reference Tables

Makeup Torque Table


Pin Size/Nozzle Table

Recommended Roller Cone Makeup Torque


API Pin Size

Recommended Torque

in.

ft - lbs

N-m

2 3/8 Reg.

3,000 - 3,500

4,100 - 4,800

2 7/8 Reg.

4,500 - 5,500

6,100 - 7,500

3 1/2 Reg.

7,000 - 9,000

9,500 - 12,200

4 1/2 Reg.

12,000 - 16,000

16,000 - 22,000

6 5/8 Reg.

28,000 - 32,000

38,000 - 43,000

7 5/8 Reg.

34,000 - 40,000

46,000 - 54,000

8 5/8 Reg.

40,000 - 60,000

54,000 - 81,000

Makeup torque is for pin size only, not bit diameter.

Nozzle Size & Availability


Bit Size Range

Bearing Type

Standard Nozzles

Mini-Extended Nozzles

in.

mm

Part No.

Available Sizes

Part No.

Available Sizes

3 7/8 - 4 1/2

98.5 - 114.3

SEALED

15669

8 thru 16, 18

4 5/8 - 6

117.4 - 152.4

SEALED

5940

8 thru 16, 18, 20

6 1/8 - 6 3/4

155.6 - 171.5

SEALED

17536

8 thru 16, 18, 20

7 1/2 - 7 7/8

190.5 - 200.0

9 7/8

250.9

SEALED

5941

8 thru 16, 18, 20,


22, 24, 26, 28

12102

9 thru 16, 18, 20

8 1/4 - 9 7/8, 11,


12

209.6 - 250.9,
279.4, 304.8

SEALED

6703

12278

12 1/4 - 15 1/2

311.2 - 393.7

ALL

8 thru 16, 18, 20,


22, 24, 26, 28

9 thru 16, 18,


20, 22

16 - 28

406.4 - 711.2

44

1117.6

10735

9 thru 20, 22, 24,


26, 28, 30, 32

17597

12 thru 16, 18,


20, 22, 24, 28

ALL

Center Jet Nozzle Size & Availability


Bit Size Range

Bearing Type

Center Jet Nozzles

in.

mm

Part No.

Available Sizes

7 7/8 - 9 7/8

200.0 - 250.9

ALL

32477

8 thru 16

10 5/8 - 28

269.9 - 711.2

ALL

12400

8 thru 16, 18, 20

27

Bit Shipping Weights

Roller Cone Reference Tables

Roller Cone Bit Shipping Weights


TCI
Bit Diameter

Steel Tooth

Approximate Weight

in.

mm

2 7/8 - 2 15/16

73.0 - 74.6

2 15/16 - 3

74.6 - 76.2

3 1/8 - 3 1/4

79.3 - 82.5

3 1/2

88.9

3 1/2 - 3 3/4

88.9 - 95.2

3 7/8

98.4

3 7/8 - 4 1/8

98.4 - 104.7

Regular
lbs.
9

kg

10

101.6

15

4 1/8

104.7

15

4 1/4

107.9

4 1/2

114.3

4 5/8

117.4

4 3/4

120.6

4 7/8 - 5

123.8 - 127.0

5 1/8

130.1

5 1/8 - 5 1/2

130.1 - 139.7

5 1/4

20

kg

20

133.1

36

17

5 5/8

142.8

36

17

5 5/8 - 5 7/8

142.8 - 149.2

5 3/4

146.0

5 7/8

149.2

38

lbs.

Regular
lbs.

Jet

kg

4.5

4.5

11

12

12

lbs.

kg

11

Approximate Weight

Jet

17

27

12

27

12

27

12

16

16

17

20

25

12

21

10

152.4

38

17

36

16

27

12

33

15

6 1/8

155.5

38

17

36

16

27

12

33

15

37

17

46

21

6 1/4

158.7

42

19

30

14

6 1/2 - 6 5/8

165.1 - 168.3

42

19

32

15

6 3/4

171.4

46

21

7 3/8

187.3

7 5/8

193.6

7 7/8

200.0

81

37

33

15

41

19

67

30

70

32

67

30

71

33

8 3/8

212.7

83

38

8 1/2

215.9

93

42

92

42

86

39

8 3/4

222.2

101

46

92

42

86

39

9 5/8

244.4

116

53
133

60

213

97

345

157

505

229

9 7/8

250.8

137

62

116

53

10 5/8

269.8

190

86

131

60

11

279.4

190

86

140

64
82

12

304.8

210

95

180

12 1/4

311.1

228

105

180

82

13 3/4

349.2

275

125

253

115

14 3/4 - 15

374.6 - 381.0

336

152

16

406.4

580

264

442

192

17 1/2

444.5

621

282

450

204

20

508.0

647

294

22

558.8

891

404

24

609.6

26

660.4

28

711.2

1300

590

36

914.4

4219

1914

www.varelintl.com

1625

737

1125

510

1411

640

API Casing Dimensions and Bit Diameters


Dimensions
Size OD
in.

4 1/2

5 1/2

6 5/8

7 5/8

8 5/8

9 5/8

10 3/4

11 3/4

13 3/8

16
18 5/8
20

Bit Size

Weight
Per Foot
Nominal lbs.

Wall
Thickness
in.

Nominal
Inside
Diameter in.

Casing
Coupling
OD in.

API Drift
Diameter in.

9.50
10.50
11.60
13.50
11.50
13.00
15.00
18.00
14.00
15.50
17.00
20.00
23.00
20.00
24.00
28.00
32.00
17.00
20.00
23.00
26.00
29.00
32.00
35.00
38.00
24.00
26.20
29.70
33.70
39.00
24.00
28.00
32.00
36.00
40.00
44.00
49.00
32.30
36.00
40.00
43.50
47.00
53.50
32.75
40.50
45.50
51.00
55.50
60.70
65.70
42.00
47.00
54.00
60.00
48.00
54.50
61.00
68.00
72.00
65.00
75.00
84.00
87.50
94.00
106.50
133.00

.205
.224
.250
.290
.220
.253
.296
.362
.244
.275
.304
.361
.415
.288
.352
.417
.475
.231
.272
.317
.362
.408
.453
.498
.540
.300
.328
.375
.430
.500
.264
.304
.352
.400
.450
.500
.557
.32
.352
.395
.435
.472
.545
.279
.350
.400
.450
.495
.545
.595
.333
.375
.435
.489
.330
.380
.430
.480
.514
.375
.438
.495
.435
.438
.500
.635

4.090
4.052
4.000
3.920
4.560
4.494
4.408
4.276
5.012
4.950
4.892
4.778
4.670
6.049
5.921
5.791
5.675
6.538
6.456
6.366
6.276
6.184
6.094
6.004
5.920
7.025
6.969
6.875
6.765
6.625
8.097
8.017
7.921
7.825
7.725
7.625
7.511
9.001
8.921
8.835
8.755
8.681
8.535
10.192
10.050
9.950
9.850
9.760
9.660
9.560
11.084
11.000
10.880
10.772
12.715
12.615
12.515
12.415
12.347
15.250
15.125
15.010
17.756
19.124
19.000
18.730

5.000
5.000
5.000
5.000
5.563
5.563
5.563
5.563
6.050
6.050
6.050
6.050
6.050
7.390
7.390
7.390
7.390
7.656
7.656
7.656
7.656
7.656
7.656
7.656
7.656
8.500
8.500
8.500
8.500
8.500
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
10.635
10.635
10.635
10.635
10.635
10.635
11.750
11.750
11.750
11.750
11.750
11.750
11.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
12.750
14.375
14.375
14.375
14.375
14.375
17.000
17.000
17.000
20.000
21.000
21.000
21.000

3.965
3.927
3.875
3.795
4.435
4.369
4.283
4.151
4.887
4.825
4.767
4.653
4.545
5.924
5.796
5.666
5.550
6.413
6.331
6.241
6.151
6.059
5.969
5.879
5.795
6.900
6.844
6.750
6.640
6.500
7.972
7.892
7.796
7.700
7.600
7.500
7.386
8.845
8.756
8.697
8.599
8.525
8.397
10.036
9.894
9.794
9.694
9.604
9.504
9.404
10.928
10.844
10.724
10.616
12.559
12.459
12.359
12.259
12.191
15.062
14.936
14.822
17.567
18.936
18.812
18.542

Recommended Bit Size Diameter


in.

mm

3 7/8
3 7/8
3 7/8
3 3/4
41/4
41/4
41/4
4 1/8
4 7/8
4/34
4/34
4 5/8
4 1/2
5 7/8
5 3/4
5 5/8
5 1/4
6 1/4
6 1/4
6 1/4
6 1/8
6
5 7/8
5 7/8
5 3/4
6 3/4
6 3/4
6 3/4
6 1/2
6 1/2
7 7/8
7 7/8
7 5/8
7 5/8
6 3/4
6 3/4
6 3/4
8 3/4
8 3/4
8 1/2
8 1/2
8 1/2
8 3/8
9 7/8
9 7/8
9 5/8
9 5/8
9 1/2
9 1/2
9
10 5/8
10 5/8
10 5/8
9 7/8
12 1/4
12 1/4
12 1/4
12 1/4
12
14 3/4
14 3/4
14 3/4
17 1/2
17 1/2
17 1/2
17 1/2

98.4
98.4
98.4
95.2
107.9
107.9
107.9
104.8
123.8
120.7
120.7
117.5
114.3
149.2
146.1
142.8
133.4
158.7
158.7
158.7
155.5
152.4
149.2
149.2
146.1
171.4
171.4
171.4
165.1
165.1
200.0
200.0
193.7
193.7
171.4
171.4
171.4
222.2
222.2
215.9
215.9
215.9
212.7
250.8
250.8
244.5
244.5
241.3
241.3
228.6
269.9
269.9
269.9
250.8
311.1
311.1
311.1
311.1
304.8
374.6
374.6
374.6
444.5
444.5
444.5
444.5

29

World Headquarters
Dallas, Texas USA
Tel: 1.800.827.3526
Tel: 972.242.1160
Fax: 972.242.8770
info@varelintl.com

Pau, France
Tel: +33.55.914.4825
Fax: +33.44.914.4844

Eastern Hemisphere Varel Offices Locations


AFRICA
Hassi-Messaoud, Algeria
Tel: +213.2973.9016
Fax: +213.2973.9015

Western Hemisphere

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Tel: +60.32.693.2255
Fax: +60.32.693.7550

Dubai, UAE
Tel: +971.4327.7790
Fax: +971.4327.8649

Bangkok, Thailand
Tel: +66.2.938.3053
Fax: +66.2.938.3054

Cairo, Egypt
Tel: +202.2517.3792
Fax: +202.2517.3791

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam


Tel: +84.8.5404.6868
Fax: +84.8.5404.6969

Ahmadi, Kuwait
Tel: +965.2398.0817
Fax: +965.2398.0825

Tripoli, Libya
Tel: +218.21.333.5687
Fax: +218.21.444.9372

EUROPE
Pau, France
Tel: +33.55.914.4825
Fax: +33.44.914.4844

Muscat, Oman
Tel: +968.2478.9070

Cape Town, South Africa


Tel: +27.21.680.5315
Fax: +27.21.680.5011

Medemblik, The Netherlands


Tel: +31.227.570.030
Fax: +31.227.547.003

ASIA/PACIFIC
Booragoon, WA Australia
Tel: +61.8.9315.9999
Tel: +61.8.9218.9004
Fax: +61.8.9315.9800

Aberdeen, United Kingdom


Tel: +44.1224.785.209
Fax: +44.1224.785.224

Port-Gentil, Gabon
Tel: +241.0781.4131
Tel: +241.0593.8890
Lagos, Nigeria
Tel: +234.1737.9778
Fax: +234.1737.9778

Darussalam, Brunei
Tel: +673.334.7388
Fax: +673.334.7218
Balikpapan, Indonesia
Tel: +62.54.287.7859
Fax: +62.54.287.7950
Jakarta, Indonesia
Tel: +62.21.729.2563
Fax: +62.21.729.2559

Stavanger, Norway
Tel: +47.5131.5585
Fax: +47.5131.5586
C.I.S.
Moscow, Russia
Tel: +7.495.363.6874
Fax: +7.495.363.6875
MIDDLE EAST
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Tel: +971.2644.8414
Fax: +971.2644.8424

2014 - 2015 VAREL INTERNATIONAL ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: +92.51.225.6170
Fax: +92.51.225.6190
Doha, Qatar
Tel: +974.443.13082
Fax: +974.443.16569
Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966.3887.9273
Fax: +966.3887.4479

WESTERN UNITED STATES


Forth Worth, Texas USA
Tel: +1.800.827.3526
Tel: +1.817.439.1183
Fax: +1.817.439.4294
Odessa, Texas USA
Tel: +1.800.371.1658
Tel: +1.432.367.1658
Fax: +1.432.550.5385
GULF COAST & SOUTH TEXAS
Houston, Texas USA
Tel: +1.888.272.5334
Tel: +1.281.670.2401
Fax: +1.281.227.6681
MID-CONTINENT
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma USA
Tel: +1.888.731.4046
Tel: +1.405.672.3633
Fax: +1.405.672.4696
ROCKIES
Centennial, Cola. USA
Tel: +1.303.768.8182
Fax: +1.303.672.4696
CANADA
Calgary, Alberta Canada
Tel: +1.888.988.4988
Tel: +1.403.266.5801
Fax: +1.403.303.2693