12 views

Uploaded by Vijay Kumar

Topic 1 Deflections

Topic 1 Deflections

© All Rights Reserved

- Relations between Structural Damage and Level of External Prestressing Force on the Flexural Behavior of Post-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete Beams
- Deflection
- Wind Loads Per ASCE 7-98 or 1997 UBC 2
- SEMA General Guidance Notes for Assessing
- Estimator
- L12 Deflections Double Integration
- ANSYS 1D Structural Beam Tutorial - Online Finite Element Analysis Consultancy Service
- Chapter 2 Part 2 – Deflection Unit Load Method
- Typical-Mono FT Rev1.pdf
- 00 Formulas
- beam tut3
- Typical-Mono FT 4kPa.pdf
- Lecture 14
- 4ME500 Assignment 1 Brief(2)
- Concrete Beam
- Apostila - Eq. Diferenciais
- Deflexion de Vigas
- AMM 7 Energy Methods
- design assignment 04 solution(2)
- Design Report Wing Platform

You are on page 1of 40

Dr Alessandro Palmeri

Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering

<A.Palmeri@lboro.ac.uk>

1/

39

Learning Outcomes

tutorial), you should be able to:

Use the double integration technique to

determine transverse deflections in slender

beams under distributed and/or concentrated

loads

Schedule:

Lecture #2: Macaulays notation

Lecture #3: Numerical application

Tutorial

2/

39

Lecture #1

DOUBLE INTEGRATION

METHOD

Introduction

Structural

Stiffness (SLS: Serviceability Limit State)

Need

Cracking

Appearance

Comfort

4/

39

Engineering Structures,Volume 56, 2013, 1346 - 1361

Introduction

the maximum allowable deflection in terms of span:

e.g. span/360 for steel beams designed according to

Eurocode 3

where the structure is usually in the linear elastic

range

in the design for strength

Well introduce some basic concepts of plastic analysis for ductile

beams in bending later this semester

5/

39

Introduction

Many

deflection in beams, but broadly speaking

they are based on two different

approaches

a) Differential equation of beams in bending

b) Energy methods

6/

39

Curvature

From

have:

1

M

=

R EI

where

E is the Youngs modulus of the material

I is the second moment of area

1/R is referred as beams curvature

7/

39

Curvature

(about the orthogonal axis y) is given by:

x

d 2uz

dx 2

1

=

Ry du 2

1+ z

dx

8/

39

y

Ry

z

If duz/dx is small, then (duz/dx)2 can be considered negligible

d 2uz

1

Thus:

Ry

dx 2

And so:

My

E I yy

d 2uz

=

dx 2

Sign convention

Downward deflection uz is +ve

Sagging moment My is +ve

load

slope

x

z

9/

39

duz

>0

dx

curvature

x

z

d 2uz

2

>0

dx

But this is the

shape of hogging

bending moment,

i.e. My<0

beams in bending

for deflection and bending moment, we have:

d 2uz (x)

E I yy

= M y (x)

2

dx

This is the starting point of the double integration

method, which enables one to evaluate slope duz/dx

and deflection uz in a slender beam in bending

Note that in the above equation:

10/

39

My means bending moment about the same axis (depends on x)

uz is the vertical deflection (also depends on x)

must be integrated twice with respect to the

abscissa x

The minus sign in the right-hand side is crucial

11/

39

the beam, therefore we need to write the

mathematical expression of My=My(x)

equation, 2 integration constants, C1 and C2, will

arise

Boundary conditions

The

determined from the known boundary

conditions, i.e. conditions at the supports

Simple support

No deflection

uz=0

Fixed support

No deflection and no slope

12/

39

Worked example

Determine

end B of a cantilever beam of length L

subjected to a uniformly distributed load qz

subscript z means that the load acts vertically

qz

MA

13/

39

A

z

RA

B

L

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

14/

39

B

L

supports reactions:

V = 0

RA qz L = 0

RA = qz L ()

M (A) = 0

L

M A qz L = 0

2

qz L2

MA =

()

2

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

B

L

expression of the

bending moment My as

a function of the

abscissa x along the

beams axis:

qz x 2

M y = M A + RA x

2

qz L2

qz x 2

=

+ qz L x

2

2

15/

39

Worked example

The

deflection reads:

d 2uz

qz L2

qz x 2

E I yy 2 = M y =

qz L x +

2

2

dx

3rd, we

2

duz qz L

qz L x

qz x

E I yy

=

x

+

+ C1

dx

2

2

6

16/

39

qz L2 2 qz L x 3 qz x 4

E I yy uz =

x

+

+ C1 x + C2

4

6

24

Worked example

no deflection and no slope at left-hand side end A):

duz

= 0 @ x = 0 C1 = 0

dx

u z = 0 @ x = 0 C2 = 0

and C2, the expressions for slope and deflection throughout

the beam become:

2

duz

qz L x 2 qz x 3

1 qz L

=

x

+

dx E I yy 2

2

6

17/

39

2

3

4

1 qz L 2 qz L x qz x

uz =

x

+

EI 4

6

24

Worked example

5th, intuitively we

know that slope and

deflection in the

cantilever beam take

the maximum values at

the free end B

By substituting x=L in

the general expression

of the slope along the

beam, we get:

qz

MA

A

z

RA

18/

39

B

L

2

duz

qz L L2 qz L3

qz L3

1 qz L

(> 0, )

dx = E I 2 L 2 + 6 = 6 E I

yy

yy

B

Worked example

qz

MA

A

z

RA

19/

39

B

L

Similarly, by

substituting x=L in the

general expression of

the deflection, we have:

2

3

4

1 qz L 2 qz L L qz L

yB =

L

+

E I yy 4

6

24

4

4

q

L

q

L

6 4 +1 z

1 z

=

=

(> 0, )

24 E I yy 8 E I yy

Lecture #2

MACAULAYS

NOTATION

E.g. simply

concentrated load

2m

4m

Fz

B

C

21/

39

RA

6m

RB

2m

M (A) = 0

Fz 2 + RB 6 = 0

4m

Fz

B

C

RA

22/

39

Support reactions

6m

RB

2 Fz Fz

RB =

=

()

6

3

M (B) = 0

RA 6 + Fz 4 = 0

4 Fz 2

RA =

= Fz ()

6

3

0<x<2

A

RA

2

Fz

A

RA

23/

39

In principle, we need

two expression for

the bending moment

My:

one for 0<x<2

M y = RA x

C

2<x<6

M y = RA x Fz x 2

In

differential equations:

RA x , 0 < x < 2

=

2

dx

RA x Fz x 2 , 2 < x < 6

2

E I yy

d uz

This

constants arise, i.e. two for each differential

equation

For more than one points load, the procedure

becomes quite cumbersome

24/

39

Macaulays notation

mathematical expression for the bending moment

My along the beam

Macaulays notation, i.e. square brackets [ ] with a

special meaning:

is evaluated

is ignored

25/

39

Macaulays notation

That

is:

x , if x > 0

[ x] =

0 , if x 0

Lets

26/

39

2.3 = 2.3

0 = 0

3 / 4 = 0

Macaulays notation

2m

4m

Fz

B

C

RA

27/

39

It is possible now to

write down a single

expression for the

bending moment

along the beam:

M y = RA x Fz x 2

6m

RB

Macaulays method

E I yy

d 2uz

dx

= M y = RA x + Fz x 2

importantly, without expanding the term into

square brackets:

2

2x Fz x x 2x 2

dyduz

= A + W + Fz

+ C1

E I yy = R

2

dxdx

23 2

2

2

28/

39

x 2

Fz x

E I yy uz =

+ Fz

+ C1 x + C2

9

6

3

Macaulays method

equation, just 2 integration constants appear in the solution,

C1 and C2:

These quantities can be determined by using the boundary

conditions, i.e. conditions at the supports

Importantly, the square bracket term is only included if the

quantity inside is +ve

uz = 0 @ x = 0

3

2

0 = 0 + Fz

+ 0 + C2 C2 = 0

6

uz = 0 @ x = 6

3

3

4

Fz 6

32

0=

+ Fz

+ C1 6 6 C1 = 24 Fz

9

6

3

29/

39

20 Fz

1 72 32

C1 =

Fz =

6 3

9

Macaulays method

30/

39

moment My, we obtained a single expression

throughout the beam for the deflection uz, in which

we have the Macaulays brackets:

3

3

Fz

x x 2 20 x

+

uz =

+

EI 9

6

9

the position of the point load uz(C), i.e. uz @ x= 2 m

3

0

Fz

2 20 2

40 8 Fz

+

=

uz (C) =

+

E I yy 9

6

9

9 E I yy

32 Fz

=

()

9 E I yy

Macaulays method

the slope duz/dx:

2

2

duz

Fz

x

+ 20

+

=

dx E I yy 3

2

9

x= 6 m take the values

2

2

duz

Fz

F

20

0 + + = 20 z ()

=

dx

E I yy

2

9 9 E I yy

A

4

duz

Fz

6 20

216 + 144 + 40 Fz

+

+

=

dx

EI 3

2

9

18

E I yy

B

31/

39

16 Fz

()

9 E I yy

Lecture #3

NUMERICAL

APPLICATION

Numerical example

the simply supported beam shown below

z

RA

33/

39

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

5m

RB

Support reactions

z

RA

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

evaluate the support

reactions at points A

and B:

RB

M ( A) = 0 Q

60 1 20 3 + RB 5 = 0

34/

39

60 + 60

RB =

= 24 kN (#)

5

Support reactions

z

RA

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

evaluate the support

reactions at points A

and B:

RB

A) = 0 Q

M (B

60

RA 15+20

6034++R20

B 52==00

34/

39

60

240++6040

= =2456kN

kN (#(#) )

RBA =

55

z

RA

35/

39

20 kN

2m

60 kN

1m 2m

D

5m

RB

external forces

applied to the beam

(external forces and

support reaction),

the second step is to

write down the

expression of the

bending moment My

along the beam

M y = 56 x 60 x 1 20 x 3

Double integration

d 2uz

EI yy 2 = M y = 56 x + 60 x 1 + 20 x 3

dx

2

x 1

x 3

duz

x

EI yy

= 56

+ 60

+ 20

+ C1

dx

2

2

2

28

30

10

x 1

x 3

x

EI yy uz = 28 + 30

+ 10

+ C1 x + C2

3

3

3

3

36/

39

10

uz = 0 @ x = 0 C2 = 0

uz = 0 @ x = 5 C1 = 100

37/

39

slope of the beam is zero. So to find the position of the maximum

deflection, we can determine the value of the abscissa x that gives

duz/dx=0.

We have the mathematical expression of the slope, but it contains

two square brackets, and we must decide which of them should

be retained.

As the position of maximum deflection is never very far away

from the centre of the span, we can guess that it occurs between

x=1 and x=3 m. In this region the expression for the slope

becomes:

2

2

duz

2

= 28 x + 30 x 1 + 10 x 3 + 100

dx

duz

2

2

= 0 28 x + 30 ( x 1) + 100 = 0

dx

28 x 2 + 30x 2 60x + 30 + 100 = 0

2x 2 60x + 130 = 0

38/

39

60 602 4 2 130

3,600 1,040

x=

= 15

4

4

xmax = 15 12.65 =

(outside the beam)

assumption 0 x 3

Maximum deflection

uz ,max

39/

39

3

3

xmax 3

xmax

3

1

=

28

+

10

x

1

+

10

+

100

x

max

max

EI yy

3

3

2.35

3

3

1

2.35

+ 235

=

28

+

10

2.35

1

+

10

3

3

2.58 104

138.47

4

=

=

=

53.7

10

m = 5.4mm

4

4

2.58 10

2.58 10

support

Now check that you can show that the deflections under the

60kN and 20kN loads are 3.5mm and 5.0mm, respectively.

- Relations between Structural Damage and Level of External Prestressing Force on the Flexural Behavior of Post-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete BeamsUploaded byBoonsap Witchayangkoon
- DeflectionUploaded byHan Kiat
- Wind Loads Per ASCE 7-98 or 1997 UBC 2Uploaded bydkshea
- SEMA General Guidance Notes for AssessingUploaded byFarhan Gohar
- EstimatorUploaded bySuyash Rathod
- L12 Deflections Double IntegrationUploaded byRaghul T
- ANSYS 1D Structural Beam Tutorial - Online Finite Element Analysis Consultancy ServiceUploaded byAnonymous lGK9Y6
- Chapter 2 Part 2 – Deflection Unit Load MethodUploaded byAnonymous 8f2veZf
- Typical-Mono FT Rev1.pdfUploaded byRomil Sampayo
- 00 FormulasUploaded byKory Estes
- beam tut3Uploaded bydinu69in
- Typical-Mono FT 4kPa.pdfUploaded byRomil Sampayo
- Lecture 14Uploaded bybiranchi
- 4ME500 Assignment 1 Brief(2)Uploaded bySai Prasath
- Concrete BeamUploaded bysom_bs79
- Apostila - Eq. DiferenciaisUploaded byAugustoBrito
- Deflexion de VigasUploaded bylayiro2
- AMM 7 Energy MethodsUploaded byRafeeq khan
- design assignment 04 solution(2)Uploaded byapi-283240283
- Design Report Wing PlatformUploaded byPenchalaiah Podalakuru
- 890N_CUploaded byNelson Gonzalez
- Typical-Mono FT Rev1.pdfUploaded byRomil Sampayo
- ANSYS Mech SNL 14.5 WS 02A Large DeflUploaded byRicardo Paz Soldan
- TRB2003-002234.pdfUploaded byWolter Sirandan
- MethodologyUploaded byOscar Sanchez
- lec27Uploaded byGirish Reddy
- SlabUploaded byEivan Rhys Borromeo
- Gopi-1Uploaded byArun
- PB DikonversiUploaded byIcan Bogor
- Table of Contents 1Uploaded byprem8994

- ANALYSIS OF DAM DUE TO SEISMIC FORCES MJK.pdfUploaded bygeorgescribd33
- Plates_Shells - ResultsUploaded byVijay Kumar
- 2016 Suzuki Baleno, Page 2 _ CaricosUploaded byVijay Kumar
- 335Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- 13Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- L1A_Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- L1B_IUploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW5 AssignmentUploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW4Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW3Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW2Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- HW1Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Intensity for HimalayaUploaded byVijay Kumar
- Cmmacs Before64 for HimalayaUploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 352Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 502Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- ResumeUploaded byVijay Kumar
- arce504 FEM-----------++++Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 351Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 306Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- arce306 matrix Str Analy----------------+++Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 302Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 226Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 223Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- arce211Structures 1------------+++Uploaded byVijay Kumar
- Arce 211Uploaded byVijay Kumar

- Walkway 1Uploaded byBryan Pittman
- Summer Training on STAAD Pro v8iUploaded byParwin Mards
- Realistic Cable Modeling in Prestressed Concrete StructuresUploaded bykhamis
- Design of Unistrut Farming systemUploaded byjudaspriest21
- JoistUploaded byKalai Selvan
- Copy of LRFD Composite Beam DesignUploaded byJohn Diebold
- Design for Prestressed BeamUploaded byHaymanAHMED
- (2) Seismic Behaviour of Steel Coupling Beams Linking Reinforced Concrete Shear WallsUploaded byFeras Temimi
- RC Design IIUploaded byvenkatesh19701
- Displacement Method of AnalysisUploaded byahmad nabil
- Design of Two Way Slab - CopyUploaded byVINOTHINI
- PreStressed Concrete Structures Unit 4 With ANSUploaded bysivavade
- Aircraft Structures Lab- IUploaded bymrkmrk900
- Beam on Elastic Foundation AnalysisUploaded bybuffyto5377
- ASTM C 1550Uploaded byKrishna Kishore
- Tutorial 5 Braced FrameUploaded bytoky-topo
- 2D & 3D TrussUploaded bykiran_wakchaure
- Beam+DeflectionUploaded bysayqa
- RSPile - Laterally Loaded Pile Theory ManualUploaded byjacs127
- Conjugate BeamUploaded byGodwin Acquah
- 172078645-Lab-5-Force-in-a-Statically-Determinate-Cantilever-Truss-UTHM.docxUploaded bynas
- SAFE Appendix B- Deflection CalculationsUploaded byMahmood Mufti
- CE 14 Solid Mechanics (Lecture 6).pdfUploaded byptdcaliguid
- LAUNCHING OF THE NEW SAN CRISTOBAL BRIDGE.pdfUploaded byJavier Anaya
- aee jobUploaded byNambi Harish
- super position and statically determinate beamUploaded byHemanth Sreej O
- dm7_02.pdfUploaded byMd. Hejbul Kabir
- Mec500 (2012) Assignment 1Uploaded byHilmyZulkifli
- VII & VIII SEM Syllabus-final (1)Uploaded bymysoremithun
- Rigid PavementsUploaded byVizag Roads