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Feb 19, 2015

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best material to master skills excellent for practicing

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best material to master skills excellent for practicing

© All Rights Reserved

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1.

y 2x 3 13x 2 5x 9

dy

6x 2 26x 5

dx

Let point be (h,k)

k 2h 3 13h 2 5h 9

y 2h3 13h2 5h 9

xh

6h 2 26h 5

substituting 0,0

2.

4h 3 13h 2 9 0

h 1,k 15.

x a t sin t cos t

y a 1 sin t

dx

a 1 cos 2t

dt

dy

2a 1 sin t cos t

dt

dy 2cos t sin 2t

dx

1 cos 2t

t

t

cos sin

2cos t 1 sin t

2

2

2

t

t

2cos t

cos 2 sin2

2

2

t

2

t

1 tan

2

1 tan

3.

x y

2

a b

nx n 1 ny n 1 dy

n

0

an

b

dx

dy

bn x n 1

n n 1

dx

a y

At a, b

dy

b

dx

a

t

tan

4 2

4.

b x a a y b 0

bx ay 2ab

x y

2.

a b

y be x / a

x0 yb

b

y ' ex / a

a

5.

dy

dx

0,b

b

a

a y b bx

bx y ab

x y

1.

a b

y 3x 2 bx 2

x0

y2

dy

6x b

dx

6.

7.

dy

b4

dx x 0

b4

.... Given

8 x2

2

dy

x 2

dx

x2

y2

y 2 2 x 2 0

2x y 6 0.

[Given]

y ap 2 bp c

xp

y ap 2 bp c

xp

a q 2 p2 b q p

qp

aq ap b

8.

y aq ap b x apq c

m aq ap b

&

m 2ax b

dy

dx

pq

2

x y a

1

2 x

dy

0

2 y dx

dy

y

dx

x

Yy

y

Xx

x

X0

Y y xy

Y0

X x xy

x y 2 xy OA OB

9.

x x xy

x y

x2/3+y2/3= a2/3

2

2 dy

1/ 3

0

1/ 3

3x

3y dx

dy

y

dx

x

Yy

y

Xx

x

Y y x 2 / 3 y1 / 3

When X 0

X x x 1/ 3 y 2 / 3

When Y 0

1/ 3

1/ 3

Y 2 X 2 y 2 x 4 / 3 y 2 / 3 2x 2 / 3 y 4 / 3 x 2 2x 4 / 3 y 2 / 3 x 2 / 3 y 4 / 3

x 2 y 2 3x 4 / 3 y 2 / 3 3x 2 / 3 y 4 / 3

x 2 x 4 / 3y2 / 3 y 2 x 2 / 3y4 / 3 2 x 4 / 3y2 / 3 x 2 / 3y4 / 3

x / 3 y 4 / 3 a 2 / 3 2x 2 / 3 y 2 / 3 a 2 / 3

a2 / 3 x 2 / 3 y2 / 3

a2

10.

xy n a n 1

dy

0

dx

y n nxy n 1

dy

y

dx

nx

Yy

y

Xx

nx

y

n

X0

Y y

Y0

X x nx

, n 1

1

1

1

XY xy 1 n 1 , Here n is a constant.

2

2

n

11.

12.

n 1.

f x 2x 3 9x 2 12x 3

f ' x 6x 2 18x 12 0

x 2 3x 2 0

x ,1 2,

f x x 3 ax 2 48x 19

f ' x 3x 2 2ax 48 0

13.

14.

2a

a 2 144 0

a 12,12

4 3 48 0

f x 2x 3 9x 2 60x 81

f ' x 6x 2 18x 60 0

x 2 3x 10 0

x 2,5

f x

x2

x2

f 'x

2x x 2 x 2

x2

x 2 4x

0

x2

x x 4

0

x 2

x , 4 2,0

15.

16.

17.

f x x2

f ' x x x 1 n x 0

1 n x 0

For x

1

,f 'x 0

e

1

Function decreases in 0, .

e

f x

log x

x

f 'x

log x 1

x e,

1

e

1 log x

0

x2

xe

f x 2 x 2 x 3

For

x2

f x 2 2 x 3 x

7 3x is a decreasing function.

2x 3

f x 2 x 2 3 x

For

x 1 is increasing function.

For

x3

f x 3x 7 is an increasing function.

18.

x 2,

f x cos x sin x

x 0,

2

g x cos x sin x

g ' x cos x sin x 0

x 0,

4

x ,

4 2

hx

sin x

x

x cos x sin x

0

x2

h ' x

h '' x

19.

x 0,

x

x 0,

2

h' x 0

x

sin x

being reciprocal of

is an increasing function.

sin x

x

f x

a sin x b cos x

c sin x d cos x

f ' x

2

c sin x d cos x

ad bc

c sin x d cos x

sin x bx c f x

f ' x cos x b 0 b 1

21.

y 2x 3 3x 2 36x 10 f x

f ' x 6x 2 6x 36 0

x2 x 6 0

x 3 or x 2

f 3 2 27 3 9 36 3 10

71

f 2 2 8 3 4 36 2 10

28 82 54

22.

x 0,

2

20.

at

f x x 2 3x 3

f ' x 2x 3 0

f x has minima at x

3

2

3

3 9 9

f 3

4

2 4 2

f '' x 2 0

3

2

iff

ad bc 0.

23.

f x 2x 3 3x 2 12x 8

f ' x 6x 2 6x 12 0

24.

x 2 or x 1

f '' x 12x 6

for

x 1

and

for

x2

x 2 is minima

a 2 sec 2 x b2 cos ec 2 x f x

f ' x 2a 2 sec 2 x tan x 2b2 cos ec 2 x cot x 0

f x can have minima only as maxima is .

a2

tan4 x

b2

a2

tan 2 x

b

a

, cot 2 x

a

b

sin x

cos x

b2

3

cos x

sin 3 x

For a, b 0

sec 2 x

ab

ab

, cos ec 2 x

a

b

a 2 sec 2 x b 2 cos ec 2 x

a 2 ab ab b 2 a b

25.

f ' x cos x cos 2 x sin 2 x 0

cos x 2cos x 1 0

cos x 1

26.

cos x cos 2x

or

cos x

for

for

f x x sin x

f ' x 1 cos x

f '' x sin x

1

2

or

3

3

27.

a

0

1

1

a cos b sin 1

2

a cos b sin 1

1

2ab sin 2ab cos sin

2

d

ab cos cos 2 0

d

2 cos 2 cos 1 0

cos 1 or cos

1

2

28.

cos

3

3 3 3ab

ab

4

4

2

sin

f ' x 3x 2 6x 6 0

29.

1

2

3

2

for all x

4

f x x 6 8 x

Let x 6 t

8 x 14 t

f t t 4 14 t

f ' t 4t 3 14 t 3t 4 14 t 0

t 3 14 t 4 14 t 3t 0

t 3 4 t 56 7t 0

3

t 0 or t 14 or t 8

Now t 0 & t 14 as product will become zero

4

3

t 8 & f t 8 .6

30.

x 2 a 2 x a 1 0

a 2, a 1

2 2 a 2 4a 4 2a 2

f a a 2 2a 6

f ' a 2a 2 0

a 1

f a 5 min 2 2

f '' a 0

31.

32.

33.

f x log sin x

in ,

6 6

5

f f

6

6

f ' x cot x 0 at x

34.

x 2 ab

f x log

in a,b

x a b

f ' x

35.

2x

a b 0

x ab x a b

2

2x 2 x 2 ab

x = GM of a & b.

c 2

1

3

f 1 f 3

2

1 a b 27 9b 3a

and

36.

37.

f x log x in 1,e

f ' x

1

x

1 log e log1

1

c

e 1

e 1

c e 1.

Here,

f 0 f 2 0

f ' c 0

f ' c

1

c

in 0, 2

1

1

3 1

2b 2

a 0

3

3

38.

39.

40.

c 2

2c c 2 0

c 2 3c 2 0

2

as c 0, 2

3

f x x 2 mx n

in

b2 a 2 m b a

f ' c 2x m

2x m b a m

ba

ab

2

x 1 x

1

x x 1

Now , x N ,

2

x 1 N2

x N, x 1 N

x x 1 2N

1

x x 1

1

2N

EXERCISE 1(B)

1.

y = x1/3(x 1)

dy

4

1 1

1

= x1 3 2 3 2 3 [4x 1]

dx

3

3 x

3x

1

4

2/3

x is always positive and at x 1 / 4

the curves has a local minima

and

1

f for x <

4

now

f ' (x) =

4 1 3 1 2 3

x x

3

3

f '' (x) =

4 1

1 2 1

23 53

9 x

3 3 x

1

2 2 x 1

=

x 9 x 2 3 x

f '' (x) = 0 at x =

1

(inflection point)

2

2

9x

23

graph of f (x) is as

1

A = x

43

2.

3 3

47

9

=3

=

(D) ]

7 4

28

28

dy

slope fo tangent

dx

3.

3

3

x1 3 dx = x 3 7 x 4 3

7

4

0

1

b

2

t

a

a

t2 0

b

Now f (x) + f ( x) =

x

4

1 t dt

1 t dt

1 t dt

1 y 4 dy ( t = y)

= 0 f (x) is odd

4 x 3

again f (x) =

which vanished at x = 0

2 1 x4

well defined in [1, 1] A, B, C, D ]

4.

now

dy

= x2 5x + 7 = 1

dx

x2 5x + 6 = 0

dy

=1

dx P

x = 2 or 3

5.

h (x) =

n f (x ) . g (x)

|x |

sgn x

ax

= 0

a x

6.

n a

|x |

n a a

|x|

.sgn x a |x|.sgn x

n a

sgn x

for x 0

for x 0

= ax sgn x

( {y} + [y] = y)

for x 0

for

x (0,1) and 0 , , cosx and x are both +ve

2

x , , x > 1 hence 100 x99 obviously > cosx ]

2

Note that f (x) is continuous at x= 2 and f is decreasing for (2, 3) and increasing for [1, 2] .

At x = 2 f has a maxima hence (A) is not correct. ]

for

7.

8.

9.

f ' [g(x)] g ' (x) = 1

if f is increasing

f'>0

sign of g ' is also + ve

If f is decreasing

f'<0

sign of g ' is ve

f is bijective

f is injective

inverse of a bijective mapping is bijective

g is also bijective

g is onto

(D) is correct

10.

(A) is correct

(B) is false

(C) is correct

]

f (x) = ln (1 ln x)

domain (0, e)

f ' (x) =

1

1

< 0 decreasing x in its domain (A) & (B) are incorrect

(1 ln x ) x

f ' (1) = 1

also

Lim f ( x ) ; Lim f ( x )

f (1) = 0;

x e 1

x 0

ln x

f '' (x) =

x (1 ln x ) 2

graph is as shown

y axis and x = e are two asynmptotes

11.

f ' (x) changes sign 4 times at 1, 0, 1, 2

local maxima at 1 and 1

local minima at x = 0 and 2 ]

12.

Domain is x R

Also

where cot = x

1

1

= cos tan

2

1 x

1 x2

=

2

2x

g (x) =

1 x2

2 x

= (cos )2 where tan =

1

1 x2

=1

1

2 x2

2x

1

range is , 1 ; f ' (x) =

(2 x 2 ) 2

2

hence f ' (0) = 0

f (x) 1

also Lim

x

hence (B), (C), (D) ]

13.

The equation for its intersection with the upper parabola is

x2 + 1 = ax + b

x2 ax + (1 b) = 0

This has a double root when a2 4(1 b) = 0

or

a2 + 4b = 4

For the lower parabola

ax + b = x2

x2 + ax + b = 0

This has a double root when a2 4b = 0

subtract these two equations to get 8b = 4 or

b = 1/4

2a2 = 4

2x

1

2

or

a=

and

y=

2x

14.

....(1)

0

....(2)

0

1

2

2

f (x) = cos x cos t dt = 2 cos x

0

f (x) =

15.

(A)

cos

t dt

cos x

Now verify..

2

f (x) = x tan1x

x2

>0

1 x2 1 x2

f (x) > f (0) but f (0) = 0

f (x) > 0

f ' (x) = 1

(B)

(C)

f is increasing in (0, 1)

x2

2

f ' (x) = sin x + x = x sin x > 0 in (0, 1)

f (x) = cos x 1 +

f (x) = 1 + x ln x 1 x 1 x 2

2x

1

1

2 1 x2

f ' (x) = x

2

x 1 x

x

ln x 1 x 2

1 x2

x

ln x 1 x 2

> 0 x R

1 x2

1 x2

(C) is true

=

(D)

f (x) = x

x2

ln (1 x )

2

1

(1 x 2 ) 1

x2

=

=

<0

1 x

1 x

1 x

hence f (x) is decreasing in (0, 1)

f ' (x) = (1 x)

f (x) < 0

16.

f ' (x) =

x2

< ln(1 + x) ]

2

2x

x 3

and f '' (x) = 4 . Now interpret

3

x

x

17.

(A)

(B)

(C)

f (x) is continuous function on [3, 4]

f '' (x) > 0

(D) is correct

(D)

18.

f (3) = f (4)

By Rolle's theorem

c (3, 4), where f ' (c) = 0

critical point on [ 3, 4]

(B) True, from IVT

1

sin 1 1 = sin1(a quantity greater than one) not defined

(C) True as Lim

x

x

(D) True, as the line passes through the centre of the circle.

19.

x

t2

x e dt

0

= Lim

(A) Let = Lim

x 0

x 0 (e x 1) 0

0

x

(B)

x e t dt

0

e

2

x 1

x2

e

= 2 Lim

t2

dt

x 0

x2

e

0

= 2

= 2 Lim

x0 1

0

14x2 7xy + y2 = 2

dy 28x 7 y

....(1)

dx 7 x 2 y

if x = 1 then 14 7y + y2 = 2

hence L (1, 3) and M (1, 4)

y2 7y + 12 = 0

y = 3 or 4

28 21

28 28

= 7 ; slope of tangent at M =

=0

76

7 8

equation of tangent at L and M are

y 3 = 7(x 1)

y = 7x 4

and

y 4 = 0(x 1)

y=4

slope of tangent at L =

(C)

8

hence N = , 4

(C)

7

If n is odd then graph of f (x) is

f (x) has its minimum value

a1

a2

a3

a4

a1

a2

a3

a4

a5

From a2 to a3 at all values of x, f (x) is minimum.

2

(D)

20.

ab

(la my)

= l(b2 a2) + m(b a) = l(b + a) + m; c =

2

ba

4

4

We have f ' (x) = 5 sin x cos x 5 cos x sin x = 5 sin x cos x(sin x cos x)(1 + sin x cos x)

f ' (x) = 0 at x =

4

2

Hence some c 0, for which f ' (c) = 0 (By Rolle's Theorem)

2

(C) is correct.

Also in 0, f is decreasing and in , f is increasing

4 2

4

As

f (0) = f = 0

2

2 roots

minimum at x =

(D) is correct.]

21.

f (x) = tan1(x) is defined on R and is strictly increasing but do not have its range R]

22.

f (0) = 1; f (2) = 2

f (1) =f (1+) = f (1) = 2 ]

23.

f (x) = ln(2 + x)

2x 2

is continuous in (2, )

x3

1

4

( x 3) 2 4( x 2)

f ' (x) = x 2

2 =

( x 3)

( x 2)( x 3) 2

x 2 2x 1

( x 1) 2

=

>0

( x 2)(x 3) 2

( x 2)(x 3) 2

f is increasing in ( 2, )

(f ' (x) = 0 at x = 1)

f ( x ) and Lim f ( x )

also xLim

x

2

unique root]

24.

Let f (x) = 0 has two roots say x = r1 and x = r2 where r1, r2 [a, b]

f (r1) = f (r2)

hence there must exist some c (r1, r2) where f ' (c) = 0

but f ' (x) = x6 x5 + x4 x3 + x2 x + 1

for |x| 1,

f ' (x) = (x6 x5) + (x4 x3) + (x2 x) + 1 > 0

for |x| 1,

f ' (x) = (1 x) + (x2 x3) +(x4 x5) + x6 > 0

hence f ' (x) > 0 for all x

f (x) = 0 can not have two or more roots.]

25.

Paragraph for question nos. 26 to 27

(i)

2x

We have f(x) = x

So,

f '(x) = 2x (1 x ln2)

and

f "(x) = 2x ln2 (x ln 2 2)

1

, .

Clearly, f(x) is increasing in ,

and decreasing in

ln 2

ln 2

y

1

e ln2

1

ln2

Graph of f(x) = x 2

(ii)

(iii)

1

.

Clearly, f(x) = k has two distinct roots for k 0,

e ln 2

Given f(x) = x 2x and g(x) = max. {f(t) : x t x + 1}

1

As f(x) is increasing in ,

, hence maximum value of g(x) occurs at t = x + 1

ln 2

g(x) = f (x + 1) = (x + 1) 2 (x + 1)

1

1

ln 2

( x 1)

Let I =

I

( I.B.P.)

1

( x 1) ln 2 1

( x 1) 2

ln 2

0

1

( x 1) (x1) ln 2

2

=

ln 2

0

=

1

ln 2

1

1

ln 2

(x 1)

dx

0

1

ln 2

2 2( x 1)

ln 2

0

1 1 1 1

1 1 1

1

1

1

1

2 =

+

2

2

ln 2 ln 2 e 2

ln 2 e 2

e ln 2 2 ln 2 e ln 2 2 ln 2 2

1

2 ln 2 2

1

2

Ans.]

2 ln 2 e ln 2 2

(1)

1

Lim x ln 1 = Lim

x 0

x x 0

x 1

ln

x

1

x

(2)

1

x

1 2

1

1

1

x 2 = Lim

x = Lim

x 2 = Lim

l = Lim

= 0 Ans.

x 0 x ( x 1)

x 0 ( x 1)

x 0 x

x 1

x 0

x 1 x

Lim f ( x ) 1 (can be verified)

x 0

Lim f ( x ) e

x

Also

(3)

n n k

l = 1

k 1 k

taking log,

n 1 n

1 n

n

ln l = Lim ln 1

n n

k

k 1

1

{given f (x) = (1 +

kn

1/x)x

n

and f (k/n) = 1

k

1 n k

1

dx

= Lim ln 1

n n

k n

k 1 n

1

1

2

1

1 x2

1 x

1

= x

ln1 dx = ln 1

dx

x

x 2 0 0 x x 1 2

0 II

k n

1

1

1

1 x 11

dx = ln 2 x ln (x 1)10

= ln 2 0

2

2

2

2 0 x 1

1

1

1

ln 2 (1 ln 2) 0 =

2

2

2

l=

e

Paragraph for question nos. 32 to 34

y=

x 2 1

=1+

; not defined at x = 1

1

;

x 1

y'=

2x

( x 1) 2

2

dy

=0

x = 0 (point of maxima)

dx

as

x 1+, y

;

x 1 , y

|||ly

x 1+, y ;

x 1 , y

The graph of y =

x2

is as shown

x 2 1

verify all alternativels from the graph.

(i)

a=1

f(x)=8x3 + 4x2 + 2bx + 1

f ' (x) = 24x2 + 8x + 2b = 2(12x2 + 4x + b)

for increasing function,

f ' (x) 0 x R

D0

16 48b 0

(ii)

(C)

if b = 1

f (x) = 8x3 + 4ax2 + 2x + a

f ' (x) = 24x2 + 8ax + 2

or

2(12x2 + 4ax + 1)

for non monotonic f ' (x) = 0 must have distinct roots

hence D > 0 i.e.

16a2 48 > 0

a2 > 3;

(iii)

a > 3 or a < 3

a 2, 3, 4, .......

sum = 5050 1 = 5049 Ans.

If x1 , x2 and x3 are the roots then log2x1 + log2x2 + log2x3 = 5

log2(x1x2x3) = 5

x1x2x3 = 32

a

= 32

8

a = 256 Ans. ]

38.

2 1

(A)

I=

( x 2 1) 2 (x 2 1)

( x 2 1) 2

2 1

2 1

( x 2 1)

( x 2 1) 2 dx = 2

2 1

dx =

2 1

( x 2 1)

dx

( x 2 1) 2

2 1

I1

I1 =

(x 2 1)2 dx

where (a =

1a

1a

( x 2 1)

1

1

1

t2

2 dt =

2

1

t

2 1

t

2 1) ;

1a

put x =

(1 t 2 ) t 4

dt =

t 4 (1 t 2 ) 2

1

1

dx = 2 dt

t

t

1a

(1 t 2 )

dt =

(1 t 2 ) 2

1a

t 2 1

dt

( t 2 1) 2

t 2 1

= ( t 2 1) 2 dt = I1

1a

(B)

(C)

2I1 = 0

I1 = 0

2 is the answer.]

Domain of f (x) is (0, 1) (1, )

ln f (x) = 1

f (x) = e = constant

f ' (x) = 0, for all in (0, ) {1}

Clearly (1, 0) is the point of intersection of given curves.

2x

+ 2x (ln2) (lnx)

x

Slope of tangent to the curve f (x) at (1, 0) = m1 = 2

Now, f '(x) =

d 2x lnx

(e

1) = x2x 2 x 2 lnx

x

dx

since m1 = m2 = 2

Hence cos = cos 0 = 1

y

3y2y' 3y 3xy' = 0

y' = 2

y x

y' = 0

y = 0, no real x.

y' =

y2 = x

y3 = 1, y = 1

The point is (1, 1)

Similarly,

(D)

g'(x) =

39.

(A)

dy 4t

,

dx 3

x-intercept

4

Tangent is y at

4t

x at 3

3

at 3

4

4

y-intercept at

3

at 3

at 4

, 0 and 0,

the point of intersection of tangent with the axes are

3

4

at 4

A 0,

at 3

B

,0

4

at 2 ,at 4

P divids AB externaly in 4 : 3

m 4

m4 & n3

n 3

as m & n are coprime to each other

mn 7

(B)

dx

esin y cos y : slope of normal 1

dy

equation of normal is x y 1

Area

(C)

1

2

1 dy

1

:

3 : slope of tangent 2

2

x dx

x

y e2 2 x :

dy

e 2 2 x . 2 : slope of tangent 2

dx

tan 0

y

be x / 3

3

y ' b 1 ex/3

2

(D)

Length of subtangent

40

y f x

1

so y 0

x

1

Now f y f f y 1 also f x f y 1

y

1

f x f f y

y

1

f

f x f x 1/ x

1

1

f x f x 1/ x

f x

1 5

2x

now f x

1 5

1 5

is decreasing so discarding it f x

.

2x

2x

Exercise 1(C)

1

and

V = x 2h

1

x 2 (1200 x 2 )

;

V(x) = (1200x x3)

4

4x

Put V ' (x) = 0 gives x = 20

If

x = 20, h = 10

Hence Vmax. = x2h = (400) (10) = 4000 cubic cm.

V(x) =

PQ will be minimum if the normal at P on the semicircle is also a

normal at Q on xy = 9

Let the normal at P be y = mx

....(1) (m > 0)

solving it with xy = 9

3

9 m

mx2 = 9

x=

; y=

m

3

3

,3 m

Q

3

differentiating xy = 9

dy

dy

y

x

+y=0

=

dx

dx

x

dy

3 m m

=m

dx Q =

3

1

m=

m2 = 1

m

normal at P and Q is y = x

solvingP(1, 1) and Q(3, 3)

(PQ)2 = d2 = 4 + 4 = 8 Ans. ]

3

m=1

The given expression resembles with (x1 x2)2 + (y1 y2)2, where y1 =

x12

and

20

y2 =

(17 x 2 )( x 2 13)

Thus, we can thing about two points P 1(x 1, y1) and P2(x 2, y2) lying on the curves x 2 = 20y and

(x 15)2 + y2 = 4 respectively.

Let D be the distance between P1 and P2 then the given expression simply represents D2.

Now, as per the requirements, we have to locate the point on these curves (in the first quadrant) such

that the distance between them is minimum.

Since the shortest distance between two curves always occurs along the common normal, it implies that

we have to locate a point P(x1, y1) on the parabola x2 = 20y such that normal drawn to parabola at this

point passes through (15, 0).

x12

10

Now, equation of the normal to the parabola at (x1, y1) is

=

20

x1

D=

(10 15) 2 52 2 = 5 2 2

x1 = 10

y1 = 5

a5&b2

x = t2 ; y = t3

dx

dy

= 2t ;

= 3t2

dt

dt

dy

3t

=

dx

2

3t

(x t2)

2

2k 2t3 = 3th 3t3

y t3 =

....(1)

t 3 3th 2k 0

(put t1t2 = 1);

hence t3 = 2k

now t3 must satisfy the equation (1) which gives 4y2 = 3x 1.

Comparing with ay2 = bx 1 , we have a = 4 and b = 3.

t1 t 2 t 3 2k

2 x log 1 (k 2 6 k 8), 2 x 1

We have F(x) =

2

x 3 3x 2 4 x 1 ,

1 x 3

Also F(x) is increasing on [1, 3] because F '(x) > 0 x [1, 3].

And F '(x) = 2 x [2, 1), so F(x) is decreasing on [2,1).

Lim F(1 h ) F(1)

h 0

k2 6k 0 k [0, 6]

....(1)

2

But in order to define log1/2(k 6k + 8),

We must have k2 6k + 8 > 0

(k 2) (k 4) > 0

k < 2 or k > 4

......(2)

Hence the sum of all possible positive integer(s) in the range of k = 1 + 5 + 6 = 12 Ans. ]

x3

+ (a 3) x2 + x 13

3

For F(x) to have negative point of local minimum, the equation F '(x) = 0 must have two distinct

negative roots.

Now, F '(x) = x2 + 2(a 3) x + 1

(i)

Discriminant > 0;

(ii)

Sum of roots < 0 ;

(iii)

Product of roots > 0

Now, D > 0

(a 3)2 1 > 0 (a 2) (a 4) > 0

a ( , 2) (4, )

........... (i)

Also 2(a 3) < 0

a3>0

And product of root(s) = 1 > 0 a R

a (4, )

....(iii)

Hence sum of value(s) of a = 5 + 6 + 7 + ......... + 100 = 5040

Ans. ]

We have F(x) =

7.

Consider y = x +

1

3

x

dy

1

1 2 = 0

dx

x

5

y=p3

As

dy

0

x = 1 or 1

dx

x 0+, y and x 0, y

1

Also roots of x 3 = 0 x2 3x + 1 = 0

x

3 94

3 5

=

2

2

For two distinct solutions either p 3 = 0 p = 3

or

1<p3<5

4<p<8

Hence p {3} (4, 8)

p = {3, 5, 6, 7}

Sum = 21 Ans. ]

x=

O

(0, 0)

3 5

Where A

3 5

and B

x2

x + b = 3a(x2 2x) + b.

2

So

y = f(1) and y = f(3) are two horizontal tangents.

Hence distance between its two horizontal tangents = |f(3) f(1)| = |22 10| = 0032. Ans. ]

Volume (V) =

|||ly

1

A1 h1

3

3V

h1 = A

1

3V

3V

3V

h2 = A , h3 = A and h4 = A

2

3

4

3V 3V 3V 3V

A1 A 2 A 3 A 4

1

1

1

1

= 3V(A1+A2+A3+A4)

A1 A 2 A3 A 4

Now using A.M.-H.M inequality in A1, A2, A3, A4, we get

A1 A 2 A 3 A 4

4

4

1

1

1

1

A1 A 2 A 3 A 4

1

1

1

1

16

(A1+A2+A3+A4)

A1 A 2 A3 A 4

Hence the minimum value of (A1+A2+A3+A4)(h1+h2+h3+h4) = 3V (16) = 48V = 48 5 = 240 Ans. ]

10

y = x2 and y =

8

;

x

q = p2 and s =

8

r

....(1)

dy

at A and B, we get

dx

Equating

y

f(x)=x2

A(p,q)

8

2p = 2

r

pr2 = 4

....(1)

O

B(r, s)

8

p

q s

r

mAB =

2p =

pr

pr

2

Now

16

p2 = 2pr +

16

8

p2 =

r

r

16

r = 1 (r 0) p = 4

r

r

r = 1, p = 1

Hence p + r = 5

11

x = 0 and x = 1 ]

12

y = x2

dx

dy

= 2x .

dt

dt

dx

dt

= 10m/sec.

tan =

x2

=x

x

sec2 .

d dx

=

dt

dt

d

1

= 10 cos2 = 10

=1

10

dt

13

3x2 2y

dy

=0

dx

{ at x = 3m }

3x2

dy

=

2y

dx

3(16 a 4 )

2( 8a 3 )

= 3a

let this tangent at this point also cuts the curve at (4b2, 8b3) and normal at this point slope of

1

.

3b

3a =

1

ab = 1 ......(i)

9

3b

slope of line =

8a 3 8b 3

2

4a 4b

2(a3 b 3 )

2

(a b )

2a2 + 2b2 + 2ab = 3a2 + 3ab

2b2 = a2 + ab

2

81a

a2 1

9

2(a2 b2 ab)

ab

2 = 81a4 9a2

81a4 9a2 2 =0

81a4 18a2 + 9a2 2 = 0

9a2 (9a2 2) + (9a2 2) = 0

(9a2 2) (9a2 + 1) = 0

9a2 = 2

14.

y

r2 = x2 + y2; tan =

(0, /2)

x

r2

r2

2

N= 2

=

=

5 sin 2 3 cos 2

r [cos 2 sin cos 4 sin 2 ]

(1 cos 2) sin 2 4(1 cos 2)

Nmax =

Nmax =

A=

15.

16.

2

5 10

2

5 10

2

5 10 = M

15

2

5 10 = m

15

2 10

Mm

2

= 15 2 =

2

3

2007

2

= 1338 Ans. ]

3

f (3)

23 k 9

1

= 6k

= ;

f (9) f (3) = (29k + 9) (23k + 9) = 29k 23k

f ( 6)

3

2 9

3(23k + 9) = 26k + 9

26k 3(23k) 18 = 0

23k = y

y2 3y 18 = 0

(y 6)(y + 3) = 0

y = 6; y = 3 (rejected)

23k = 6

now f (9) f (3) = 29k 23k { from (1) }

= (23k)3 23k

= 63 6 = 210

hence N = 210 = 2 3 5 7

Total number of divisor = 2 2 2 2 = 16

number of divisors which are composite = 16 (1, 2, 3, 5, 7) = 11 Ans. ]

f (3) = f (3) = 2

[ f (x) is an even function,

again f (1) = f (1) = 3

2 | f (1) | = 2 | f (1) | = 2 | 3 | = 6

from the graph,

f ( x) = f (x) ]

7

3< f <2

8

7

f 8 = 3

f (0) = 0

(obviously from the graph)

cos1 f (2) = cos1 f (2) = cos1(1) = 0

f (7) = f ( 7 + 8) = f (1) = 3

[f (x) has period 8]

f (20) = f (4 + 16) = f (4) = 3 [ f (nT + x) = f (x) ]

....(1)

sum = 2 + 6 3 + 0 + 0 3 + 3

sum = 5

17

Now, f '(x) 0 for every x R,

so

(b 1) 1 2( b 2) sin 2x 0 x R

b1

5

1

3

> 1 b , 2 2,

2( b 2)

2

2

Now, when b = 2, f(x) = x + sin 2 f '(x) = 1 ( 0).

Also,

3

Hence, b ,

2

18.

(b1 + b2) =

b1 =

3

5

and b2 =

2

2

3 5 8

= =4

2 2

2

E = (x + 5)(y + 5) = (r cos + 5)(r sin + 5) = r2 sin cos + 5r(cos + sin ) + 25

Now put x = r cos and y = r sin in x2 + xy + y2 = 3

6

3

=

2 sin 2

1 sin cos

Hence E =

put

5

or

i.e.

or

2

2

4

4

r2

(sin 2) + 5r(cos + sin ) + 25

2

r2 = 2 and =

1

1

+ 25 = 36

E=1+ 5 2

2

4

2

1

1

+ 25 = 16

E = 1 + 5 2

2

2

4

put

19.

r2 = 2 and =

f (2) f (1)

= f ' (c) 2

2 1

f (2) f (1) 2

c (1, 2)

f (2) 4

f ( 4) f ( 2)

= f ' (d) 2

42

f (4) f (2) 4

8 f (2) 4

4 f (2)

f (2) 4

from (1) and (2)

f (2) = 4

d (2, 4)

....(2)

....(1)

20.

P(x) = (x + 50) (800 10x)

now P'(x) = 0

x = 15

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