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Solid Waste Solutions


Process Overview

electric power

air condensor

bag house


lime milk




boiler ash

grate siftings


bottom ash


ID fan

The burgeoning amounts of waste, the decreasing

availability of dumping sites and increasing cost of
electricity has led governments to pass laws designed
to discourage or prohibit dumping and combustion
in traditional furnaces and evolve towards waste-toenergy plants.
A sustainable development approach requires that the
concept of waste is replaced by a concept of waste
as a resource. European practice proves that Refuse
Derived Fuel (RDF) and recycling are perfectly compatible.
We are convinced that cities with advanced waste
management systems are the sustainable cities of the

WTE plant Antwerp, Belgium 2 x 60,000 ton

municipal solid waste/year 2 x 28MWth.

Keppel Seghers WASTE-TO-ENERGY and RDF power
plants are advanced technology solutions that maximise the
value of waste streams and minimise the environmental
impact, preserving the land we live on and the air we breathe.
Keppel Seghers WASTE-TO-ENERGY plants are ideally
suited to be used in installations for the thermal treatment
of all kinds of municipal and industrial waste as well as for
the combustion of biofuel. It is a modular concept for various waste compositions and calorific values.
The plants are perfectly suited for small to high capacities,
ranging from 1.5 up to 30 tonnes/hour.

WTE plant - Shenzen, China - 2x140,000 ton

municipal solid waste/year 2 x 27 MWth.

Process Description

for dedusting, acid and heavy metal removal as well as

dioxin/furan reduction or destruction.

Grate Combustion
At the basis of Keppel Seghers WASTE-TO-ENERGY
plants is the MULTI-STAGE GRATE furnace.
combustion system which incorporates separate and independently controlled actuators for waste mass transport
and waste mixing:
Sliding tiles gradually push the refuse layer on the grate
forward, hence establishing a slow and continuous movement.
This movement determines the furnace throughput, the
thickness of the refuse layer on the grate, the residence
time and the combustion quality. Tumbling tiles control the
mixing and aeration of the waste on the grate.
The unique concept of independent vertical and horizontal
movement allows our MULTI-STAGE GRATE to adapt
effortlessly to short and long term fluctuations in waste or
biomass composition.

The semi-dry scrubbing system captures pollutants by

means of finely dispersed lime slurry droplets, which are
thoroughly mixed with the flue gases. Keppel Seghers
ROTARY ATOMISER generates lime slurry droplets and
guarantees constant spray characteristics, independent of
varying operating conditions.
Keppel Seghers deDiNOx reduces nitrogen and simultaneously destructs dioxins and furans. It keeps PCDD/F
emission levels well below 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm3.

Grate combustion:
Modular construction
Sliding tiles for easy waste throughput
Tumbling tiles for mixing and aeration of waste
Combined vertical and horizontal movement allows to
adapt easily to any fluctuations in waste composition
Water cooling of the grate available for high-calorific waste.
Boiler heat recovery:
High flexibility
Guarantees good availability and long lifetime of all

Tumbling tiles.

Sliding tiles.


for combustion of higher calorific wastes. The water cooling
of the grate tiles protects the tiles against very high temperatures caused by the combustion of the waste and greatly
reduced the risk of thermal corrosion.
With these grates, the primary air does no longer have to
guarantee the cooling of the combustion grate tiles. The
dosing of primary air can be completely focussed on an
optimal combustion process.

Secondary air optimisation:

Reduction of boiler fouling by absence of hot spots &
complete combustion
Less fly ashes in boiler due to less primary air flow
Less corrosion at boiler heat exchange surfaces
Increase of operation time without mechanical cleaning
Flue gas cleaning:
Optimal removal of dust, acid components (SOx, NOx,
HCL, HF), heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cd, Hg), nitrogen
oxides (NOx), dioxins and furans.

Boiler heat recovery

Combustion in Keppel Seghers WASTE-TO-ENERGY plants
is devided between the grate and the boiler. An integrated
approach ensures optimisation of the furnace and boiler
geometry with respect to the flue gas flow pattern, the combustion air distribution, the dust removal and heat transfer.
Secondary air optimisation
Optimal secondary air control is guaranteed through the
PRISM. The prism divides the flue gases into 2 flows. The
flue gas temperature measurements in the passages next to
the prism regulates the secondary air injection and controls
the air distribution under the grate.
Flue gas cleaning
Keppel Seghers proprietary flue gas cleaning processes
include all dry, semi-dry and combined cleaning solutions

WTE Plant , flue gas cleaning and deDiNOx part Ghent Belgium
capacity : 2 x 75,000Nm3/h.
MStore_3F_en_002_B Copyright, Keppel Seghers, 2006