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Ionization Smoke Detector

Installation Instructions

The D286 is a UL Listed, open-area and Duct ionization smoke detector designed for use with commercial fire
protective signaling systems and household fire warning systems (see NFPA 72 The National Fire Alarm Code).
The detector is available in 2 and 4-wire models.
For commercial and industrial installations, 30 ft. (9 m) spacing between detectors is recommended (in accordance
with NFPA 72). Detector location and mounting should be in accordance with NFPA 72.


Device Description
The D286 detector employs the ionization principle to detect smoke. When air enters the detectors internal sensing
chamber, it becomes ionized. Once ionized, the air becomes conductive, thus allowing electrical current to flow
between two charged electrodes within the internal sensing chamber. If smoke enters the chamber, particles within
the smoke reduce the conductivity of the air. When the conductivity reaches a pre-determined level, an alarm is
An LED indicator flashes every 12 seconds to verify that the detector has power. The LED will latch ON in the event of
an alarm, allowing the user to visually determine the specific detector that has alarmed.
The detector can be reset, after the alarm condition has been cleared, by momentary power interruption.
When properly installed using the D287, D288, D289 and D293 and Duct series bases, tamper protection is provided
by IN/OUT wiring of the positive power line. This will cause the control panel to initiate a trouble signal when a detector
is removed from its base. Supervision of 2-wire systems is provided by the master control, and 4-wire system
supervision is provided by the D275 End-of-Line Power Supply Module (available on the D293E base) and an End-ofLine resistor as specified by the control panel manufacturer. Supervision of the Duct Series is provided by a End-ofLine resistor as specified by the control panel manufacturer.
The D278S, D298M and D298S bases have built-in POPIT modules. When the D286 Ionization Detector is installed
on the D278, D298M or the D298S, supervision is provided by the POPIT module built into the base. The POPIT
module will create a trouble signal when the D286 is removed, or when power is lost to the base.


Before mounting, remove the dust cover from the
detector. The dust cover may be replaced during
construction periods, but must be removed once
the alarm system is enabled.


Base contacts
(3 sets)

The tamper screw is taped to the dust cover.

Mount the base or Duct Housing in accordance to
its installation instructions.
Start detector
Mount the detector to the base by turning it contacts here and
clockwise until it clicks into place. When it is rotate clockwise
secure, the alignment line will be lined up with
the tamper screw hole (see Figure 1).

The detectors are keyed and should not be

forced onto the bases.

Figure 1: Mounting the D286 to the Base

Installation Guide

Testing the Installation


Check the wiring from the control panel to the last head on each run for proper polarity and continuity. Make sure
each run terminates with an end-of-line resistor as indicated by the specific control panel instructions. Make sure
4-wire runs terminate with EOL Modules.


Apply power to the system, and check for alarms. Note which detectors are in alarm (if any), and then shut the
system down. Remove these detectors from their bases and re-check the bases for proper wiring. If the problems
persist, replace the affected detectors or swap them with known good units. This will determine if the problem is
caused by the detector or the base.


In the event of a system alarm with no detector alarms present, remove all detectors and check the wiring at each
base. Pay close attention to the wiring of each EOL Resistor and EOL Module.


When the system is free of alarms, check each detector to ensure that the red LED indicator on the detector is
flashing approximately every twelve seconds. This verifies that the detector is receiving power and operating


Test each detector to ensure it will cause a control panel alarm. To alarm the detectors, do one of the following:
- Place a magnet against the detectors side (over the T marked on the head) and hold for 10 to 15 seconds to
activate an internal reed switch or on the Duct Housing, place the magnet in the recess of the cover.
- Use a UL-listed aerosol smoke detector tester such as the Home Safeguard Industries 25S or Sentrols Smoke!
in a Can to simulate an alarm. Follow the instructions supplied with the aerosol smoke detector tester.

When a detector alarms, the red LED indicator on the detector will activate and latch into the ON position. Be
sure to clear the alarm before proceeding to the next detector.


Finally, check the overall loading of the alarm loop by measuring the voltage across each end-of-line resistor.
This voltage should be equal or exceed the minimum indicated by the specific control panels instructions.

It is important to notify all concerned parties prior to any maintenance or testing of the fire alarm system, and
then again after completion of these activities.
At least once a year, the detector and base should be cleaned. Use a vacuum or clean, dry compressed air. Particular
attention should be paid to the area of the screens. In dusty areas or areas of heavy insect concentration, cleaning
may be required more often.
To clean the detector, perform the following steps:

If in a Duct Housing remove the Duct cover.


Remove the detector from the base. Clean the base and cover
with a clean cloth and common window cleaner.


Remove the detector cover. Use a thin, flathead screwdriver to pry

the bottom from the cover. Insert the screwdriver into the cover
slots, and pry upward (see Figure 2).


With the detector cover free of the bottom, clean around the screen
in the cover with a vacuum or clean, dry compressed air (see
Figure 3).

Blade of flathead

Cover slots

The D286 contains radioactive material Americum 241, 0.9

microcurie max. Do not remove, bend or tamper with the metal
cover, screens or shields within the detector.


Figure 2: Removing the Detector Cover


D286 Ionization Smoke Detector Installation Guide

Page 2

Copyright 2001 Radionics

Installation Guide


Replace the detector cover. Make sure the hole

for the LED is properly situated over the LED.
Be careful of the detector heads connector pins.
Put the cover on at an angle so the pins will
slide in their slots easier. Snap the cover onto
the locking tabs.


Return the detector to its base and replace the

Duct cover if necessary.

Do Not Remove


The detector should be tested for proper

calibration after cleaning. Use the Voltage
Measurement Test described in Section 6.1.


Figure 3: Cleaning the Inside Screen

Do not paint the detectors. Paint or other foreign matter covering the screens may prohibit or retard smoke
from entering the detector.


Periodic Testing
It is important to notify all concerned parties prior to any maintenance or testing of the fire alarm system, and
then again after completion of these activities.
The calibration of the detector is very important in determining its continued operation. Depending on local regulations,
the frequency of calibration testing may be required more often than once a year. NFPA Standard 72, The National Fire
Alarm Code, recommends calibration tests be made at installation, and then once every other year Functional testing
should be done annually.
The calibration can be tested (to meet NFPA 72 The National Fire Code requirements) by measuring the calibration
voltage output using a D1005 Test Cable. This test will confirm whether or not the detector is within its factory marked
calibration range. If in a Duct application and a D344-RT or D344-RL is installed the voltage monitor jacks may be


Voltage Measurement Test


If using the Voltage Monitor jacks on the D344-RT or D344-RL the proper range is 2.1-2.8 VDC.


Plug a D1005 Test Cable (optional) into the calibration voltage pins (see Figure 4).


Connect a 10m or better digital voltmeter to the D1005 Test Cable. Connect the negative terminal of the meter
to the redwire of the D1005, and connect the positive terminal of the meter to the test cables white wire. The black
wire of the D1005 is not used.


The voltage measured by the voltmeter should be 0.9 (+/-.15) volts to be within the sensitivity noted on the label
attached to the bottom of the detector.


If the detector is outside of the factory marked calibration range, it should be removed and cleaned as described
in section 5.0 (page 2).


Re-check the calibration voltage measurement.


If the detector is still outside of the factory marked calibration range after cleaning, send the unit back to Radionics
for recalibration.

voltage pins

Figure 4: Calibration Voltage Pins

Copyright 2001 Radionics

D286 Ionization Smoke Detector Installation Guide

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Product Description:

2-Wire Duct Smoke Housing


4-Wire Duct Smoke Housing 120 VAC/ 24 VAC/ 24 VDC


4-Wire Duct Smoke Housing 230 VAC/ 24 VAC/ 24 VDC


Smoke Test Magnet


Detector only (requires base)


Base only, 2-wire


Base only, wide diameter, 2-wire


Base only, 4-wire


Base only, 4-wire, Form C aux. relay


EOL Supervision Module for use with 4-wire systems

Detector Power Requirements:

Standby Voltage:

8.5 to 35.0 VDC


10.0 to 32.0 VDC


Reference Duct Housing inguide

Maximum RMS Ripple: 25% of DC input

Standby Current of Detector Head:
45 micro-amps @ 12 VDC
60 micro-amps @ 24 VDC
Note: The D293E = 24 mA @ 12 and 24 VDC.
Alarm Current of Detector Head:

Dependent on control panel. Panel must limit the alarm current to 100mA maximum.



52 mA @ 12 VDC, 54 mA @ 24 VDC (70 mA max. @ 30 VDC)

D293A: 62 mA @ 12 VDC, 58 mA @ 24 VDC (75 mA max. @ 30 VDC)

D293E: 86 mA @ 12 VDC, 82 mA @ 24 VDC (105 mA max. @ 30 VDC)

Reference Duct Housing inguide

Compatible Control Panels:


See Smoke Detector Technogram (P/N: 31866).


Compatible with all UL listed 4-wire control panels. Refer to the specific FACP installation
instructions for proper end-of-line resistor selection.


Reference Duct Housing inguide

Radionics makes no claim written, oral or implied that the D286 smoke detector will work with any
2-wire control panel except those specified on the Base Compatibility chart in Smoke Detector Technogram
(P/N: 31866).

2001 Radionics, a division of Detection Systems, Inc.

PO Box 80012, Salinas, CA 93912-0012 USA
Customer Service: (800) 538-5807

Installation Instructions

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