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Problem 1 If ν = 141.4 sin (ωt+30°) V and i = 11.31cos (ωt-30°) A, find for each; a) The maximum value, b) The rms value, c) The phasor expression in polar and rectangular form if voltage is the reference. Is the circuit inductive or capacitive? Solution: (a) Maximum values: Vmax=141.4 V Imax=11.31 A (b) rms values: V=141.42=100 V I=11.312=8 A (c) Phasor expression in polar and rectangular form: V=100∠0°=100+j0 V I=8∠-60°=4-j6.93 A Problem 2 If the circuit of Problem 1 consist of a purely resist

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b) The rms value,

c) The phasor expression in polar and rectangular form if voltage is the

reference. Is the circuit inductive or capacitive?

Solution:

Vmax=141.4 V Imax=11.31 A

(b) rms values:

V=141.42=100 V I=11.312=8 A

(c) Phasor expression in polar and rectangular form:

V=100∠0°=100+j0 V

I=8∠-60°=4-j6.93 A

Problem 2

element, find R and X;

Solution:

Z= 100∠0°8∠-60°=12.5∠60° Ω=6.25+j10.83 Ω

R=6.25 Ω XL=10.83 Ω

Y= 1Z=0.08∠-60°=0.04-j0.0693

Problem 3

phase line voltages of 208 V. Specify all the line and phase voltages and the

1 Vca

c a

currents as phasors in polar form with Vca as reference for a phase sequence of

abc.

Solution: Vcn

Van

Van=120 ∠210° V Vab=208 ∠240° V

Vbc Vbn

Vab

Vbn=120 ∠90° V Vbc=208 ∠120° V

Problem 4

with a balanced-Y load having phase impedances of 8 + j6 Ω. Identical

impedances of 2 + j5 Ω are in each of the three lines connecting the combined

loads to a 110-V three phase supply. Find the current drawn from the supply and

line voltage at the combined loads.

Solutions:

58+j65+8+j6= 40+j3013+j6×13-j613-

j6=700+j50205=3.41+j0.732=3.49∠12.1° Ω

Z=2+j5+3.41+j0.73=5.41+j5.73=7.88∠46.65° Ω

Vt=8.06×3.49=28.13 V to neutral

Line-to-line V2=3×28.13=48.72 V

Problem 5

A three-phase load draws 250 kW at a power factor of 0.707 lagging from a 440-

V line. In parallel with this load is a three-phase capacitor bank which draws 60

kVA. Find the total current and resultant power factor.

2

Solution:

S1=250+j250

S2=0-j60

where S1+S2=250+j190=314∠37.23° kW

I=314,0003×440=412.0 A

p.f=cos37.23°=0.796 lag

Problem 6

A three-phase motor draws 20 kVA at 0.707 power factor lagging from a 220-V

source. Determine the kilovolt ampere rating of capacitors to make the

combined power factor 0.90 lagging, and determine the line current before and

after the capacitor are added. 14.14

Solution;

20

θ=cos-10.9=25.84° 6.85

14.14tan25.84°=6.85

10.9=25.84°

Without capacitor:

I=20,0003×220=52.5 A

With capacitor:

I=14.14+j6.85×10003×220=41.2 A

Problem 7

supply as shown in Figure 1.

3

a) Find the total kW, kvar, kVA, and the supply power factor.

Figure 1

An inductive load has a lagging power factor, the capacitive load has a leading

power factor, and the resistive load has a unity power factor.

For load 1:

θ1=cos-1(0.28)=73.74° lagging

S=P+jQ=S1+S2+S3

=35+j120+10-j40+15+j0

I= S*V* =100,000∠-53.13°1400∠0°=71.43∠-53.13°A

PF=cos53.13=0.6 lagging

loads to improve the power factor to 0.8 lagging. Determine the kvar rating of

this capacitor and the capacitance in µF.

Total real power P = 60 kW at the new power factor of 0.8 lagging results in the

new reactive power Q’.

θ'=cos-10.8=36.87°

4

Q'=60tan36.87°=45 kvar

Qc=80-45=35 kvar

and

Xc=V2Sc*=14002j35,000=-j56 Ω

C=1062π6056=47.37 μF

I'=S'*V*=60,000-j45,0001400∠0°=53.57∠-36.87° A

Problem 8

A three-phase line has an impedance of 0.4+j2.7Ω per phase. The line feeds two

balanced three-phase loads that are connected parallel. The first load is

absorbing 560.1kVA at 0.707 power factor lagging. The second load absorbs

132kW at unity power factor. The line-to-line voltage at the load end of the line

is 3810.5V.

Determine:

a) The magnitude of the line voltage at the source end of the line.

b) Total real and reactive power loss in the line.

c) Real power and reactive power supplied at the sending end of the line.

Figure 2

a) The phase voltage at the load terminals is

power is

5

The phase voltage at the sending end is

The magnitude of the line voltage at the sending end of the line is

It is clear that the sum of load powers and the line losses is equal to the

power delivered from the supply, i.e,

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